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Full text of "The annals of our time : a diurnal of events, social and political, home and foreign, from the accession of Queen Victoria, June 20, 1837"

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gift of 
Professor John W. Dodds 




STANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 



"t 



THE ANNALS OF OUR TIME. 



THE 



ANNALS OF OUR TIME 



A DIURNAL OF EVENTS 



SOCIAL AND POLITICAL, HOME AND FOREIGN 



PROM FEBRUARY 24, 1871, to the JUBILEE, JUNE 20, 1887 



JOSEPH IRVING 



MACMILLAN AND CO. 

AND NEW YORK 
1889 



i-.r- 



^ 






Richard Clat akd Soks, Limited, 
lomdon ahd buhoav. 



TABLE OF ADMINISTRATIONS, 



1874 TO 1886. 



TABLE OF ADMi; 



Earl BeaconsftelcL 
1874. 



First laord of the Trmmmvaty . . . . 

iKnrd Ohancellor 

laord PrealdMit of CoimeU . . . . 

Iiord Prtry Seal 

Chancellor of Bxcheq^er . . . . 

Home fleeretary 

Forelcn Seeretair 

OcOonlal Seeretary 

VTmr SeeretaiT 

Indlaa Seeretair 

Boavd of Tk«de 

Dneiqr of Ttaweaeter 

Poatmaster-^Ieneral 

FInit iMrd of Admtraltx .... 

Iiord^Ueoteiiaat of Ireland . . . 

Chief 0eeretanr for Ireland . . 

Seeretary for Seotland 

IKToods and Forests (Public Works) 

Attomey*Oeneral 

■olieitor^Oeneral 

bnrd AdToeate (Seotland) .... 

Aesicned 

IHmtion 



Earl Braconstield. 

Earl Cairns. 
Duke cf Richmond. 
Du. of Northumberland. 

Sir S. Northcote. 

R. A. Cross. 

/Earl Derby. \ 

\Marquis of Salisbury. / 

Sir M. Hicks-Beach. 

Cofenel F. A. Stanley. 

rMaiquis r f Salisbury. 
\Viscount Cranbrook. 

Viscount Sandon. 

Colonel T. E. Taylor. 

Lord J. Manners. 
W. H. Smith. 

Duke of Marlborough. 



/Sir M. E. H -Beach. 
\james Lowther. 



G. J. Noel. 

Sir J. Holker. 
Sir H. S. GIffard. 

Wm. Watson, 



As result of General 
Election (see p. 



67 days. 



W. E. Oladfltone. 
1880. 



W. E. Gladstone. 

Lord Selbome. 

Earl Spencer. 

Duke of Argyll. 

rw. E. Gladstone. 
\H. C. E. Childers. 

Sir W. Harcourt. 

Earl Granville. 

fEail of Kimberley. \ 
(Earl Derby. / 

rH. C. E. Childers. 
\Lord Hartington. 

Lord Hartington. 
Earl of Kimberley. 

J. Chamberbdn. 



n. Bright. 
J. J. Dod 
16. O. Tr« 



>odsoD. 
Trevelyan. 



H. Fawcelt. 

Earl Northbrook. 

rEarl Cowper. 
\Earl Spencer. 

f. E. Forster. 
>rd F. Cavendish. 
O. Trevelyan. 
impbell- Bannerman. 



rSirW 

{g.j. 

lEarl 



;ir W. P. Adam. 
Shaw-Lefevre. 
Roscbery. 

Sir H. James. 

Sir F. Herschell. 

ri. M*Lar«i. 
IT. B. Balfour. 



Defeated on Budget 
proposals by 264 to 
353 votes (see p. 
147O. 



5 years 57 days. 



tlOUS— 1874 TO i886. 



\ 


Hazqpis of Salislmiy. 

1885. 

\ 


W. E. eiadstone. 
1886. 


Karqnis of Salislmiy. 
1886. 


\ LOIO lODKSLXIGH. 


W. £. GX^OSTONB. 


< Marquis of SALisBintv. 
1 W.H. Smith. 


Eiri Cairns. 


LordHerschdL 


Lord HaUbury. 




Viacoont Cranbrook. 


Ear! Spencer. 


Viscount Cranbrook. 




Eari of Harrowby. 


W. E. Gladstone. 


EarlCadogan. 


' SrM. KHicks-Beach. 


SirW.V. Harcourt, 


/ JLord R. Churchill. 
\ G. J. GOschen. 


Sir R. A. Cross. 


H. C. E. Childers. 


H. Matthews. 




EariRosebery. 


f Lord Iddesleigh. 
\ MarquUofSalUbtiry. 


&F. A. Stanley. 


Earl Granville. 


f E. Stanhope. 
I Lord Knutsford. 


W. H. Smith. \ 
I Visoount Cranbrook. / 


H. Campbell-Bannerman. 


f W.H.Smith. 
I Ed. Stanhope. 


1 Lord R. Churchill. 


Earl of Kimberley. 


Lord Cross. 




Duke of Richmond. 


A. J. Mundella. 


f Lord Stanley. 

\ Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach. 




H. Chaplin. 


/ E. Heneace. \ 
t SirU. jTKay-Shuttleworth./ 


Duke of Rutland. 




Lord J. Manners. 


Lord Wolverton. 


H. C. Raikes, 




Lord G. F. Hamilton. 


Marquis of Ripon. 


Lord G. F. Hamilton. 


1 Earl Carnarvon. 


Earl of Aberdeen. 






Sir W. Hart-Dyke. 1 
W. H. Smith. ] 


John Morley. 


r Sir M. E. Hicks-Beach. 
I A. J. Balfour. 




Drike of Richmond. 


EarlofDalhousie. 


r A. J. Balfour. 

I Marquis of Lothian. 




D. R. Plunkett. 


Earl of Morley 


D. R. Plunkett. 




Sir R. E. Webster. 


Sir C. Russell. 


Sir R. E. Webster. 




Sir J. E. Gorst. 


Sir H. Davey. 


Sir E. Clarke. 




J. H. A. Macdonald. 


J. B. Balfour. 


( J. H. A. Macdonald. 
1 ). P. B. Robertson. 




Defeated on Allotments 
amendment by 339 to 
250 (see p. 1510X 


As result of General Election 
(seep. 1S54X 


- 




927 days. 


178 days. 


- 



.NNALS OF OUR TIME. 



I Gninvtllc, on the part of her 

^l, ctidcavours to oblain 

livour of Fmncc of Uie 

niUiftrds of francs sM 

Govern in ciit» he 

^l)Ci which arist: from 

bilen made on the side 

bear in mind that this 

f XLinonij th<? n<?utr7»1 |K-iwers, 

■' -' ■ ' ' ; 10 
fit 

Hions to 

I 'lity, and 

oliicea iu the spirit of 

tparties^ under the cunvictiou 

St of Gcntmny, as well as of 

amount of the indemmty 

rater than that which it is 

tct could be paid." 

t^oshai tribe* into the tea 
ar and S)lhet, North-cflst 
the de5p*tch of a combined 
I and ncitrvc troijps to recover a 
imcd Winchester, who had been 
Hdie murder of Iter father. 
Bmark^ in » lie way of censure 
E<T * " : rc^rding the 

e V '• ttritish am- 

^ ,-.::! (cr la^t. Lord 

^bay from ISutdeauA : — ** I con- 
^^^thit it w^ my duty neither 
^itwUx id the French Mjiislcr for 
irv n*v to scpamte myself from 
, .1 , f jj would 

10 allow 
be de- 
tiy and sntistncrory means of 
^ilh your lordship. My sub- 
)cc has» I coftfets, conlVrmcd 
DOS. On the day after 1 left 
.Jlunicalion by rt*ad with that 
tCfCJCptcd, and on the following 

Phic wrre w^s cut. The 
e left in the t»esieged city 
5frtTinn nnlborifics post- 
I ith their 

M ieft open 

■ 

SI I'. '-vcd 

iv« Iwrtn .itcqaed by Uic 

.«}f*» <4 ih^ dfv^re of her 

ind 

; so 

i, , ...u ^ ihe 

at meam of mamiai"- 

it: 



Sd. — A person understood to be a police s|iT|1 
engaged in watching the National GuanU de- 
tiling in front of the Column of July, seized ty 
a mob of tnfiimted Republicans, and, after 
being subjected far hours to a series of gros^ 
outrages, is at last bound hand and foot and 
thrown into the Seine. 

117- — Proclamation signed by Thiers and 
Picard posted in Parii;, urging the inhabitants 
to accept even the hard terras of peace int- 
pose<l by the Germans as the only meand of 
saving France. During six da)'», it was said, 
the negotiators foaghl foot by foot, and did 
what was humanly possible to obtain the most 
favuurahle cotuUiions. ** If the Cunventiun be 
mil rcsj>cctcd the armistice will be broken^ and 
the enemy, already masters of the forts will 
occupy in strong force the entire city. Private 
properly, the works of art, and the public 
monuments are guaranteed to-day j but should 
the Convention cea** to be in force misfortune 
will await the whole of France, The fearful 
ravages of war^ which hitherto have not ex* 
tended beyond the Loire, will then extend to 
the Pyrenees. It is absolutely true to say that 
the safety of Paris affects the whole of France. 
Do not imitate the fault of those who did not 
wish us to believe, eight months ago, that the 
war would be so fatal. The French army, 
which defended Paris with so much courage, 
will occupy the left of the Seine and ensure luc 
loyal execution of the nsw armistice. The 
National Guard will undertake lo nuiliUain 
order in the rest of the city, as goinl and 
honoured citizens, who have shown themselves 
to be brave in the face of the enemy, and this 
cruet situation will end in peace and tlve return 
of public prosperity." 

d8. — Treaty of Comnjcrce between Spain 
and Sweticn and Norway signed. 

— The American House of Repretcntativcs 
pass a bill repealing the duty on coal 

— News from Paris indicate great uneasi- 
ness regarding the entry of the German troops 
and some necessary precautions w^crc taken (or 
avoiiling a street conflict. In the afternoon 
the statues in the Place de Ia Concorde were 
veiled with thick crape, though *• Strasbui]g'* 
was still perndtted to ret^tin the tlags and im- 
mortelles with which it had been bediiened for 
months past, Uy midnight the streets were 
reported to be unusually rlenr, n rc-vuli p.inially 
accomili^hcil i>y the cto«iiig of the tlieatre:> 
and raf/s. 

— The first Act of lh« Session » anthonVrng 
an annuity of 6,ooo/. to \vit KKtyyA \K\s^\\\^%k 
thf Princes 1a>uuc, iec*;*4^ici vW Wj^a\ x^^wv. 



MAKCff 



1871. 



MARCh 



Marcli I. — This (We<lnesday) forenoon the 
German army, to the numlicr of 30,000, coni* 
niencc lo enter Paris. The first Uhlan matlc 
his appearance at the Arc de Triomphc about 
nine o clock. He was soon followed by other 
Uhlans, and then by the main body of the 
occupying troops, the 6th and itth Frussian 
Corpus with abotU ll,ooo iJavarians which 
had previously l)cen reviewt'd by the Empercjr 
at Longchamps. Not being able to pass 
under the arch. Ihey turned down the Avenue 
des Champs Elysees, and proceeded in the 
direction of the Place de la Concorde, ibeir 
bandi meanwhile sounding out the cvcr-popn- 
lar '*VVacht am Rhein/' The Duke of 
Cobnrp, General Blumenthal, and their rcspec- 
tive staffs, rode in at the head of the troops, 
followed by a squadron of Bavarian. Hussars, 
with bright pennons of bine and white silk. 
Following these, and eviffently in honour of 
Bavaria, came two batteries of Bavarian artil- 
lery, and then rifles and infantry. There 
(writes the Times correspondent) was the 
**Letb Regiment/* with tls ?^hattered companies 
only a quarter of their original strength, and 
their flag hanging in ribbons from the stump of 
a broken staff* As they toarched past the 
closed arch an officer's horse slipped and fell, 
and a crowd pressed rountl the dismounted 
rider. Instantly a comrade rode to his assist- 
ance nmid the hisses of on -lookers \ one man 
was ridden over, ant! two or three horsemen 
charged along the pavement. Thi^ had the 
effect of scattering the mob, and from that 
moment ihey looked on in profound and rc- 
soectful Silence. For an hour and a half did 
the incesitant stream of Bavarians continue, 
with here and there an interval occupied by 
feme general and his staff. Then came the 
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg. Bismarck him- 
self^ smoking a cigar, rode suddenly up, lookcil 
on the scene for a few minutes without going 
beyond the crest of the hill, and then turned 
nvvny in the direction of Versailles, whither the 
FuipeiTor and Crown Prince had retired after 
the review in the morning. 

— Lord Lurgan's famous greyhound, 
Master M'Grath, shown to the Queen at 
Windsor, and afterwards lo various members of 
tl»e Court circle* 

— Came on at the Central Criminal Court 
bcfort the Recorder, the trial of Martha Tot*- 
pey, agtni 28, described as a married woman, 
charged as an accomplice in the robbery of 
jcwcU lielonging to W, H* Ryder (see Jan. la, 
1S71, p. 973). The shopman, Parkes, de* 
tailed his eiperience within the house in Upper 
Berkeley Street, into which he was admitted 
by a man describing himself as Tyrell, but now 
known to be Torpcy. He ttx)k, he said, *ofue 
of the jewellery out of a l«ig. and stated tlie 
prices of the different articles. He there sav^* 
the prisoner sitting at the fire. Witness stolid 
at one side of the table, and the nmn on the 
(•her* When <^oine of the article; wcic cxa» 
5?^ 



mined) the man suggested that the prisone 
should go and call her sister. She went oul J 
of the room. When she returned she placed] 
a handkerchief over his face, and the man im*) 
mediately rushed at him and held his arm*. [ 
He struggled, but the man continued holding 1 
him, and the prisoner pressTng the hand- J 
kerchief over his face. This lasted 
minutes. He was then forced backwards on I 
to a sofa. When he came to himself hej 
found himself tightly strapped* The maul 
Tyrell was standing over him, and said, "III 
you move I will murder you." Witness asked! 
him to loosen the strap over his breast, and hcl 
did so. Witness attempted to get up to a ^t-1 
ting position and look at the table, but Ty^eHj 
forced him down, and put a handkeri hief oftlf 
his eyes. He afterwards hearti the front do 
slam. He si»ccecded in loosening the str* 
on his wrist, and broke a pane of glass iaj 
window, and gave an alarm. All the jc« 
on the table was gone, with the exceptioil ^ 
small gold chain. The jury acquitted ihe^ 
soner on the charge of robbery with violence,] 
and also on a second charge for assault, on th 
ground that she had acted under her husband^ 
coercion. 

1. — Died at Edinburgh, John Carmichae 
M-A,, Senior Classical Master in !lic Higli 
School 

— The Burials Bilh permitting Dissenters \ 
bury in parish churchyards with their own riti 
or no rites, read a second time in the Commonij 
by 2f I to 149 votes. 

— The London School Board, by a maio*| 
rity of 41 to 3, reject a proposal for teftdut 
the Bible without religious note or coaimcfitj 
schools under their management Lord ^ 
don prolcstefl against the startling notio 
new religion Professor Huxley had fow 
brought before the Board, to which the 
feasor replied by reminding his lordship Ih 
as Keats was reported to have been }llfttd 
kille^i by an article, so " any faith wbich Oi 
be killed by human effort ought to be 
killed." 

— Died at Bordeauic, M. Kuss, Mayor 1 
Strasburg and Deputy for the Bas-Rhin. 

0. — Bank of England rate of discount raise^l 
from 24 to 3 per cent The comparative qui< 
prevailing at Paris combined with the accept^ 
ancc by the Assembly of the preliminaries of I 
peace, caused the Stock Market to maintain al 
firm appearance, and even before biisine«al 
hours the French loan had been run up ov 
I per cent 

— Describing the desolate condition of Piri 
the youmal Vfficid records: '*Thc 
and all the shops are close*!. Paris has vvlon 
tarily susjwnded her life, and feels the respoti 
sihility weighing upon her in such a panifa 
moment, that it becomes her not to add to t)i 
misfortunes she ' ' Ty to l>ear others xsn&t 
terrii^lethal mi arable. After liavbj | 
hcruiiallv rivl .. ..- and miseri*-*, lH.rit J 




iS/i. 



MARCH 



[ ^cAter courage" Otherjour- 

bUck boidcr*. To-day ihe 

, ta large uucobeR, vbitcd the 

ayad other pbces of p^tblic 

► a rule, looking on with 

_ atioQ. The " ^'' ' " ' Tillers 

I their cannuu m t in 

I St. Martin, atid i , rtcLs. 

to CurrlinaJ Patriii, Dean of 

rjesuits and Vicar-General of the 

L the Pope explains the nature of his 

irilh the Jesuits, and defends the 

Ittackii tntide on it by "the io- 

secular donnnioas." *'We 

Athen of the Company of 

m with VBrious interests^ 

! appeitaining to the holy 

tfeey have contmualty shown 

' of thai lattdabte aflcciion and 

cnt, for which our prcde- 

iccasion to pmisc ihcm 

uiost \Ms>\ Mtachment and 

ich we cnteitain for this order — so 

fnom the Cliurch of Christ, the 

and the Christian community in 

far frrim the abject servility attri- 

1^, whose calumny we 

> as well as fiom the 

. V,, ... i iihers.** 

in Ihe Victoria Pit, Ebhw 
15 hire, causing the death of 19 
ans in the worki at the time. 

^"v the sitting was 
ju the Govcrii- 
\t 1 1 littec to inquire 

Dl dijftlurlxrfi cundition of Wc^t* 
Robert Peel, Mr O&LHirne, and 
nting mim&Icr> fur seeking to ab.slruct 
On a division the Committee was 
^256 to 175 vutcs. 

erf" the powder arsenal at 

lU.. i .fji Qf twenty stildiers 

withdrawing bullets 

el- ._; s. 

Gcrntan soldiers licgin to leave 

(fiT tii ffcH homeward, Count Bts- 

.'dfromju!c& Favre, in the 

nation of the I'reaty l>eing 

iiordcaux Assembly, The Em- 

* from VcreiiUcS to Berlin \ — 

the concIu5iion of peace, 

pted yeslcnlay by ihe Na- 

ordeaujL Thus far is the 

ptcte, which by seven niMUtha" 

llthiui been achfevc-d, thanks to 

votiuUi aji ice of our 

ny iti ,1 . and ihe 

' The 



I tiiu hcinLHimble peace 



and fjealt from the church belk. The city was 
illuminated and an cntlmsiastic reception given 
to the LiTjpress and Princcsscji, 

a,— Acting under the advice of his medical 
adviser, Mr, Childcrs retires from the Admi- 
ralty and is succeeded by Mr. G<i&chen. Mr, 
Slansfcld afterwards succeeded to the Poor 
Law Boani, and Mr. Baxter became Secretary 
to the Treasury. 

— Destructive earthquake at Tanglandang 
Island J one of the i^anguir group in the Malay 
Archipelago, the sea rising to a ^eat liei|^ht 
and sweeping hundreds of the inhabitants off 
the streets and plantations on the coast. 

A* — ^Commenccd in the Commons, a delnote 
on the proposal for a second reading of the 
Army Kt'^^ulation IVili, CuL Lindsay moving 
tfiAl the expenditure necessary for the National 
Jiefencea did not at present justify any vote of I 
public money for the extinction of ['urchase^ 

— Died at Haverstock Hill, aged 9S. Lewis 
Doxat, connected with the Alornitf^ ChronUU 
in the early pare of this century, and for fifty 
years editor of the Ohener. 

0. — The Pope congratulates the Kmperor of 
Germany on the assumption of the Imperial 
dignity as an event bkely to l>e iR-neficial to all 
Europe. ** We return your Majesty, bosvever, 
special llianks for the expression of your friend* 
ship fur us, as we may hope that it will not in- 
considerably contribute to the proleciifin of the 
libeny and tlie rights of the Catholic religion* 
On the other hand, we request your Majesty 
to be convinced that we sh;ill neglect nothing 
by which, when the opportunity presents itsell, 
we may be useful to your Majesty/^ 

— Tlic ex*Emperor writes from Wilhclms- 
ho he, protesting against the deposition of his j 
dynasty as unjust and illegal — *' Unjust, bc-j 
cause, when war was declaied, the feeling of I 
the nation^ roused by causes independent of J 
my wish, protluced a general and irresistible 
enthusiasm ; illegal, because the Assembly, 
elected for the sole object of concluding a 
peace, lias exceeded its powers in dealing with 
questions beyond its competence, and because, 
even were it a Constituent Assend>ly, it would 
have no power to subsliiuie its own will fur 
that of the nation. The example of the pAst 
confirms this. The o|iposition of the Consti- 
tuent Assembly, in 1848, yielded to the elec- 
tions of the loth of December, and in 1851 the 
nation, by upwards of seven millions of voles, 
feuppuried nic against the legislative Assembly. 
I^olilical feeling cannot overcome right, and in 
France the basis of all legitimate government 
is the plebiscite. Devond il there is only usur- 
pation by some for the oppicssion of the rest. 

1 am ready, theiefore, to submit to the free 
expressinn of ihe national ^^ ill, but to it only. 
In the presence of lamcnlablc cvcTiVs, >n\vV'cVi 
jnijKisc oi\ everyone self-deniaV ttni\ dNsVuVtitsV 
o/nesi. I could have deikircd lo lenvcvm vA^*\V 

B 9 



MARCH 



I87I. 



HAl 



but the declarations of the Assembly compel 
me to protest in the name of truth disregarued 
and national rights despised." 

6. — First bankruptcy trial by jury under the 
new Act — Emanuel, jewellers, v, Talbot. 
■ Verdict for plaintiff by consent. 

— The Marquis of Salisbury iiitroduces, 
but u-ithdraws, after debate, amotion regarding 
the foreign guarantees of the British Govern- 
ment, and the deficiency of the naval and mili- 
tary forces of tlie country. What other people 
thought of us, he said, was shown by the con- 
duct of Russia, Prussia, and the L'nitcd States, 
the first of whom tore up a treaty in our face, 
the second concluded a peace on indefensible 
terms and in contempt of our viol's, while the 
third openly reccivctl and honoured those whom 
we had cast out as rebels. To maintain guaran- 
tees exten<ling over Europe and even into other 
hemispheres, we had only a small amw and a 
fleet, which, since the Declaration 01 Paris, 
was valueless except for the defence of our 
own shores. — Earl Granville maintained that 
our armaments were sufficient to support our 
policy, an«l that at no time had the influence of 
this countr)' in Continental politics been greater. 

— Public intimation given of the sale to 
Government, for 70,000/., of Sir Robert Peel's 
fine collection of laiiitings by old masters, in- 
cluding the well-known ** Chapeau de Paille,** 
and the finest Hollxrin in existence. They were 
soon afterwards arranged and hung upon the 
walls of the National Gallery. 

— Died, aged 45, Henry Blackctt, head of 
the publishing firm of Hurst and Blackett. 

7. — Tn reply to Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Gladstone 
stales that Government had not been informed 
of any treaty negotiated last year between 
Prussia and Russia regarding the late war, and 
consequently Mr. Odo Russell had received no 
instructions on the point when sent to Versailles. 
Replying in similar tenns to I^ord Carnarvon 
on the 9th, Karl Granville ventured to ask, in 
return, if her Majesty's Opposition had any 
knowledge of the treaty in question. 

— The freehold of White's Club House, 
St. James's Street, sold at the Auction Mart 
for 46,000/. 

8. — The condition of Paris reported to be 
uneasy and threatening, the streets crowded 
with men in uniform, and the heights of Mont- 
martre still in possession of the disaffected 
portion of the National Guard, with guns dis- 
posed so that they commanded the whole city. 

The insurgents may at any moment drop a 
shell in the Tuileries, the Hotel de Ville, the 
Palais Royal, or any of the crowded boulevanls. 
The respectable portion of the press and the 
people begin to cry aloud for the subversi* -n of 
the Government of Montmartre. Troops of tlie 
line are pouring into Paris ; but the party of 
order does not trust them — the party of disorder 
does not fear them. Some soldiers are already 
to be seen At Montmartre fraternizing," 
990 



8. — A report on the elections in Algemi 
mitted to the National Assembly. Gi * 
A ndricn, and Colas were declared dolyi 
but with respect to the fourth, General < 
baldi, the reporter proposed that, ss he tail 
ready given in his resignation, a fresh r*-^ 
should take place. Suddenly a meml 
and exclaimed that Garibaldi had op 
sit in a French Assembly, a deciantioB' 
brought M. Victor Hugo to his feet, exdi 
'that when all Europe had abandmedFhtfjl 
one man came forward ; but he was 1 powf 
himself. He came and fought, and m' 
only general who was not conqucrei* 
speech encountered the loudest intemi] 
and the tumult was such that Victor H 
vain endeavoured to obtain a further 
At length he exclaimed : " Three we 
you refused to listen to Garibaldi ; yos 
refuse to listen to me. I give in nw leagnr \ 
tion." Frantic applause on the Left foUoW 
this declaration, and Victor Hugo prooeeikA 
to confirm his words in writing. 



— The monitor ship Glalfon^ comi 
in 186S, from designs by Mr. Reed, nndodtfi 
at Chatham, Miss Scott, daughter of the Den 
of Rochester, performing the christening. 

9. — Russian Five per Cent. Loan d 
12,000,000/. issued at about 80) net It 
attempted to raise a popular feeling agi 
this loan, but much more than the amoontifr 

Suired was sul)scribcd. A protest drcubied oa 
le Stock Exchange gave the following 
for objecting to the loan : — I. The Conference 
is now sitting in London to consider the con- 
duct of Russia in the matter of the Treaty of 
1S56. 2. The question raised by Prince Gn^ 
tschakoff was, in the opinion of her Miyetf)^ 
envoy, Mr. Odo Russell, of a nature in in 
present state to compel us, with or witboat 
allies, to go to war with Russia. 3. Under 
these circumstances, as good dtizens and knal 
subjects of our Queen, we consider that lo 
supply Russia with means which might be 
for aggressive purposes is most unpatriotic, and 
until the Conference has concluded its aittingi 
in every way to be condemned. 

— A party of French sailors ezdte a di> 
turbance at the Column of July by fasteniaf 
a tri-coloured flag round the statue of Libei^ 

on the top. 

— Riotous proceedings at Zurich, ori|i- 
nating in a meeting held by Germans in the 
Town-hall to celebrate the restoiatioa o( 
peace. 

10. — The National Assembly, by a majority 
of 461 to 104 votes, resolve to remove finooi 
Bordeanx to Versailles. Speaking of the sitoa- 
tion of Paris in the debate which preceded tb( 
division, M. I'hiers said the action of a ceftain 
part of the population did not originany ] 
amount to anything culpable^ because It w ' 
directed aga\i\«l Vhie pT^aaiana* It had, hcv ' 



Mdmrn 



1871, 



.%fANC// 



tfl^ deigenenM'^^ t^^T'"< a culpahle and fiicliotis 
tfliiadcb hnl t lujki hoped to be Me 

|»bnfl|^baclf I i people, and to nvoid 

civil vJO't * As, rtj^ijrdi myself and my col- 
kaipiet'* said Xf. Thleni^ *' we are all of one 
IMiwi I' ' ^ ^\^ Ije disturbed, you 

9tf CO<J ^in to repress disturb- 

%nrj^ ti 1 , _, _.„ r v. \V c shalJ ncvef 

rt, tml let f thi^ extrcmtty, 

i^beeo ni" r^rcd in France, 

»kj Ic Anally af^ulc<i. h uc c^n a^'crid I he 
lAtddm^ of blood, u^ sliiill consider it an 
haaaia t» hare dooe so/' 

lOu'GofiUve Flooreiis and M. Duvome 
mtifUKtd to dflith by a council of war for 
toUn^ part io tlie riots of Oct. 31. 

SUA* newspaper, cstablahcd in 

— flolker Hall, near Ulvcretone, a seat 
of tbe I>ttke of Dcvon&hirc, nearly destroyed 

— T>* ^m^can Senate confirms the re- 
» Sumner from the chairmanship 

li ; 1 Affairs Committee. 

— Fire al Tooling, causing the death of 
m a^ oaiiple, Alf. and Mr^. tiin field, who 
%ert foenJ »a(focitt?d in their room. 

IS.^DM, aged 70, MadAme Bonaparte- 
^f^ «ldov of Sir Thomas Wys^c, and 
ii^(lacr of Liicien Bonaparte. 

— The Black S^a Conference terminates 

bUWt' '- ' ' • ma treaty 1^^' '"•'-: 

lltnaiTu ;i 1856, ami 

lit Foil ps of waf < 

11^ allied ^xiwcfs, iu case the Porie sltuuld 
ieem kl ooDCMary to do eo in order to ensure 
tktCKOitloa of ih'- n of the Treaty 

•f I'lhjw The trc»( 1 led for the pro- 

of th-- * amission of the 

for ' r the continiLil 

»ffii5ty ./ r ly created or to 

V ilic Louuiiiiiion, and re«?rvcd 
c I*orie a.1 a territorial Power to 
iHk-i %iii^'% Li wnr into tlie Danube. 

t4>. — ^Trades Union Bill read a second 

T>^H, rit St. Andrew's, aged 38, Dr. 
if Hebrew in the University 
d a member of the Bible 
iinaee. 

a deliale extending over five 
vmiy Regulation Bit! is read a 



IB 



I- 



— I :»r r^inpCTor Wilijam arris'c? at Berlin, 
h t c ctJ »ed with great rejoicings* 

I new Rector of 

sse» the students 

. >ti '. ni vnni'Tiiii, 

: St Andrew's, aged 6g, Robert 
UD., author and paWm^^ 



17. — ^Eartll^flBB&odcs experienced 
Yorkshire, Lancashire, and Durham. 

1».— Revolutionary outbreak in Paris. 
Early this morning a Govenim.ent proclama- 
tion was issued, announdng that, after having 
given to the disturbers of public trantpiiliityj 
iJiiie to return to duty aud obcuicficc, scclnl 
that no nttenlion was paid to couuscU and 
injunctions, ihey were now dctcmuncd to act 
ill the interests of the city and of France. 
^* Those culpable individuals who have pre- 
tended to institute a Government of their own 
are about to be given up to justice. Your 
cannons are about to be returned to the arsenals, 
and to execute this urgent act of jujjlicc and 
reason tlie Government counts on your asi.ist- 
ance." To carry out this determination strong 
detachments of troops, under the command of 
Generals V^inoy and Lecomte, were marched 
in the direction of Monlmartre. The artUJery- 
men of the tioops mounted the hiil^ armed with 
their muskets, and engagefi in parley with the 
officers in command, who made no opposition 
to the cannon being taken away. Mean- 
time, the rapptl sounded through the neigh- 
bourhood, and brought out great uumbcn; of 
disaffected National Guards. Rushing upon 
the cannon, they were received witli shots, 
when some of the Guards and a w<»man and 
diild fell After this words were exchanged 
between the National Guards and the sol- 
diers, the ranks broke up, and they went off 
lo fraternise and drink together. The SStli 
regiment joining the insurgents, seduced other 
troops of the line, and all together made an 
attack on the gindarmirk posted on the Place 
rigal. The officer in command here drew his 
sword, and ordered liis men to fire, but he was 
shot down, and his detachment thereupon with- 
drew. In a state of wild agitation the insur- 
gents, now complete masters of the bufte Mont- 
marlre, rushed upon General Lecomle, whom 
Vinoy, Military Governor of Paris, had placed 
in command of the faithless ft8lh rrgiment 
He was led, amid circumstances of gross indig* 
nity, to the Rue des Rosiers, where he was 
joined, later in the day, by General CltJment 
Thomas, who hai:! ventured there, in plain 
clothes, (o look after Jus comrade. These two 
generals were shot in a small gax"den adjoining 
the place of detention without trial, not, so fi:ir 
as could be learned, by the National Guard, 
but by infuriated soldiers, aidml by some 
Mobiles who bore a grudge against Genernl 
Thomas on account of the severity of his dis- 
cipline during the siege. It was afterwards 
said that at the last moment General Lccomte, 
till then digTiified and resolute, h\X his cjjuragc 
fail He tried to struggle, to rly, be ran several 
steps in the garden; then, instantly retaken, 
shaken, dragged, luisilc^l, he fell on his knees 
and spoke of his ctn drcn. ** I have five!" 
said he, sobbing, 1 he father's heart burst 
through the soldier's tunic. There were faiherft 
in that crowd, and s*nnc voices tc\Aled vr\V\\ 
emotion to this hcart*slVrr\n^ apw«k\', \jmV x!tA 
implacflbk- Iincsfnet\ wo\i\d tvoi Vt:*\i * **Qii^ 



MARCH 



1871. 



MAKM 



" I f wc «lo not •'hoot him to-day, he will have us 
slitit to-morrow." He was pushtrd against the 
wall. A scrj^t-ant of the line alnsost immcHi- 
atcly arlvaiicitl towanli him. "Cleiicral," saiJ 

he, •* if you will ]>romise ** Sudvlcnly 

changini; his miii^i. he stcp]»e<l two paces Kick 
and ilisch.-\rgcil hi^ ( has-ejiV full in the Gtnc- 
ral's che«it. Thr olhtr^ had only to riniih the 
deetl. Ck'mcnl Thomas never r>howed a mo- 
nunl's wcakncis. His ^*ack against the same 
wall as lA*ci>mie, hut two paces from his corpse, 
he ma<le head against draih to the end, and 
spoke very harsldy. Wlitn the guns were 
lowered, he l>y an insiimtive gesture placed 
his left arm U-fore his face ; and this old Ke- 
puldican died in the attitude of Ciesar. I^ter 
in the day the insurv;ents took possession of the 
lintel <lc Ville, the -Mini>lcre «lc Justice, and 
til', military head -quarters in the Place Vcn- 
dome. Hirricailes :iUi> U*;;an to ap{>ear in all 
<liri»ction';. A i»roclaniation Mgned by "The 
Central Committee of the Natinnal (luanls" 
was posted up in the afternoon : — " Citizens 
The Frencli ]x;ople, untd the attempt was 
made to imjMisc u|>on it by force an impossible 
calm, has await etl without fear and without 
I)ro vocal ir>ii the *«liamcful fools who desired to 
touch the Kepublic. This time our brothers of 
the army would not raise their han<ls against 
the arch of our liliertics. Thanks to all, and 
that you and France have proclaimed the Re- 
puldic, with all its o>nse*piences, the only 
( 'lovernment which can close for ever the era 
of invasions and civil wars. The s'a*e of siege 
is raised. The ]>eople <»f Paris are convoked 
in their coniitia for the communal elections. 
The security of all citizens is assured by the 
co-operatiDn of the Naiitmal Cluard." At ten 
o'clock at nii^ht an eye-witness writes: — "The 
rirbels aic ^aiiiin.; up^n the town pviint by 
p'»int. Thi:y have ci»mc down from Mont- 
mart re an<l taken pt issi.s>ion of the Prince 
T\ug.iie bnrraiks ; ilu-y have plaiiteil the red 
11 «g on the eidiimn uf the I last i He ; we are ex- 
pecting themnn ilic Uiulevards every hour ; half 
Piiris is in their iiands : and w hen wc wake in the 
morning wc ex|K*cr that the town will l)e under 
the Covernmenl of the Rrd Kepublic. Private 
persons are in const ern.v ion, and »he Govern- 
ment offices are in the greatest anxiety. (.)n 
the exterior Ixivdevards lianlly any civilians are 
>o Ihj seen none but arme<l men; and those 
few civilians who venture out in this quarter 
arc imme<l lately ft)llowc<l and sus)>ected of being 
police spies. With the help of lanterns, the 
insiirgents (it is now ten <»'cl(K:k at night) are 
busily engage<l in erec ing iKirricadcs. The 
barrirade at the top i>f the Rue Rochechouart 
is becoming (luite formidable. The makers 
of the banica«h's encourage themselves with 
solemn oaths that they will die rather than sur- 
render." 

18.— Dr. Payne Smith installed as Dean of 
Canterbury, in succession to Dr. Alford. 

— Tlie l^iris elections were to have taken 
place to-diy, but the Mayors put iiide the 
99^ 



action of the CommUtee till the consent of At 
National Assemfdy could be obiainod. Ite 
Paris Dress also published a joint dedmriv 
c(mn«ening the electors not to vote. TheCok- 
mittee thereupon deferred their electkmidKBC 
till the 22nd, seizing in the interim soch of tki 
mairies as were not already in their powet 

18.— Died, aged 64* Professor Auguatsilk 
Morgan, an eminent authority in msthnwliisl 
science. 

— The Queen of the Tkama steano lotf 
near Cape Agulhas, on her homeward vangj^ 
after making a trip of only 58 days to SyaK^ 
the shortest known. 

ao.^The "Central Committee" isM a 
ofTicial organ, with a manifesto declarmgte 
it is the offspring of the free ezpresrion of Ae 
suffrage on ihe part of 215 battalions of Ae 
National Guard. It repels the acaxsriini 
brought against the Committee of bein^ the 
promoter of disorder, for it savs the NaUoal 
Guard which directs it has shown itsdf ia- 
posing and strong by the wisdom and niode» 
tion of its conduct The manifesto farther 
accuses the Government of having calomBiated 
Paris, and of having incited the proriima 
against the capital. It adds: — " The Govcn* 
ment has endeavoured to impose a comiiiaBd0- 
in-chief upon you, it has sought by Doctond 
attempts to deprive ns of our cannon, and ioi 
finally intendetl to take from Paris her ctdvb 
of capital of France." A second prodxna- 
tion hxed the election to "The Commntl 
Council of Parisi" for the 22nd (afterwards de- 
ferred to the 26lh), and a third intimated thit 
the Committee would, after the electionsi lay 
down its provisional power in the hands of (be 
]>cople. 

— The Emperor Napoleon arrives it 
Dover from Ostend, and receives a heart? 
recc]ition as he passed up the nuay with the 
Kmpress to the I/>rd Warden HoteL Tbcy 
procee«led to Chislehurst in the afternoon. 

— The French Assembly meets at Veraulki 
for the first time. 

— M. Rouher, ex- Minister of the Empire, 
mobbed at Boulogne, and afterwards placed in 
arrest at the Hotel de Ville. 

— Died, at Heidelberg, aged 66g Pro- 
fessor (leorge Gottfried Gervinus, historian, sad 
Lil>eral politician. 

fll.— The German Reichstag opened by the 
Emperor in person. He described its first dnty 
to be the healing as much as possible of thr 
wounds inflicted by mar, and the commence- 
ment of those works by which the representa- 
tives of the German people sought to fulfil tbe 
mission entrusted to them by the ConstitntiiA 

— Marriage of the Marquis of Lome sod 
tlie Princess Louise in St Geof^ge's Clitp4 
Windsor. 

— Sir Henry Bulwer gaietted Baron DilDv 
and Sir WWWam >\am&Af\« "^axooL ^ta^^tUiL 



iS7L 



At ARCH 



of Versnilles issue % 
\ UieMsili dfclnnmi; the news from all 
Fimoe lo be ennrdy reassuring, 
I Is nonrbcfc i In Paris 

B tcre Ofi;ani i^rt^ssion nf 

. — — '^» ■■ ■■■- ^--■-.^1 

<\ 

''■;-■■ ; , ■ i'-l 

I^MMMiiert ol' the aituatii^n tu-day. 
■^fl^ispmHIy y«?^rerday held xXa first 
&irTr * ' ' tiled, &nd resolute. 
Itb wcr, ii fooBed a 

KQf..,. .,,v .,.^.._.t... Jcmandcd by the 
UKci. A proclamaLion will he shortly 
\ lo ihe people. Lille, Lyon*, Mar* 
ndi ]k>rtieaux Are tranquil. You mny 
|tis neirs to the people. It is strictly 
ihe Govr: r : ' i ; ch Com m u ni cat cs 

rmthful C Let it be well 

>d that c iincnl a^ent wha 

Mke teni; ler will be prose- 

d will fori iiton.— Thiers." 

\ in&argent Jtmmsl Offkid demandi 
» shaJl not he separated from the pro- 
lor the pro\inces from her. " Paris 
^ b still, and must definitely remain 
ll of Frai^ce, the head and heart of the 
tic Republic one and indivisible, Paris 
t " unquestionable nght to pro- 

lans of the Communal Court- 
If as becomes every demo- 
; protect heneir, supported by 
I 's composed of all citi/ens 

by universal sufTragc. 
A the National Guard, 
iiieasures for the estab- 
iiiunal Council and the 

,i ^ ^uf the National Guards, 

lore, taken very wise and most indis^ 
measures. It is now the duty of the 
id of the National Gaard to support 
ins of the GoveTunicnt to assure the 
and the future of the Republic, 
their votes provtd and devoted 
TL»-morrow they will hold their 
idr oun handa, and we are already 
they will make a proper use of their 
el Paris detivcr Fruoce and save tlie 
(Signed) The Delcgjvtes of the 

Party of Order in Paris muster in 
and march lo the Place Vcndome, 
ntenrtcw Ls held with insurgent leail- 
It in the '-** ' 1 ing the National 

f fire on t ss ijeople. Ten 

lo be k I " Central Com- 

rffidally expUineii this ou trace as hav- 
|iit in an attack made upon the Guanls 
PSitty of Order hid been asked lo 



ii's 75th birtb- 
1 1 usual splendour, 
ni^ being created 
rcscared w\ih the 




29.— M. Jules Favre reads in the Assembly 
a icitcr from Count Bismarck^ comjilairiiii^thnt 
the le'cgraph which the Gcnnans want to use has 
been cut at Panlin, and requiring its restoration 
in twenty-four hours. Count Bisnuirck staie»l, 
moreover, that the condition of thinijs in Pari* 
otfers scarcely any chance of the etij^aj^ements 
entered into with Germany being ke|>t, and that 
if the emeutc be not put down forthwith Paris 
will be bombarded. M. Jules Favre said he had 
begged for time, in order that innocent people 
might not suffer, and had told General P'ahrice 
that the eraeute was a surprise, and that all 
France was faithful^ but he gave it lo be under- 
siootl that if Paris did not submit he would con- 
cert witii the Prussians in subduing it« The 
reading of the letter gave rise to great excite- 
ment. 

a3.— Found dead in his bed, Dr. Karl 
Schultzcnsteim, aged 73, German botanist and 
physiologist, 

— Garibaldi elected General-in-Chief of 
France by the ** Ccniml Committee.'* At 
Versailles the Mayors of Paris appear in the 
Assembly, wearing their scarfs of oflfice, to 
demand that permanent communication be 
opened up with the capital, but the tumult was 
so great that nothing could be settled. Two 
days later a communication to the same effect 
was laid on the tabic of the Assembly. 

ZA-. — Commenting, in the Lords, on the 
Tien-U>in Massacre, Lord Carnarvon attributed 
the outbreak to ill-feeling against foreigners 
generally, counteruuiccd and encouraged by 
the local authorities. Earl Granville atlmitted 
that the massacre was wholly unjustifiable, but 
pointed out that the conduct of the Catholic 
missionaries was apt lo excite misapprehensions 
among a jealous and irritable people like the 
Chinese. Tliere could be no doubt about the 
prejudice of the jKople against foreigners, but 
ihe moral he drew from that was the necessity 
of avoiding hostile language as far as possible, 
and of showing toler.ition for habits and cus- 
toms haufled down fi-om generation to genera- 
tion, which must necessarily take much time 
and patience to eradicate. 

a*. — Vice-Chance I lor Stuart retires from the 
Court of Chancery- He was succeeded by Mr, 
WickenA. 

a©*— Fire in a house in Pavilion Road, 
Chelsea, causing the death of Mrs. Winsor and 
four of her chUdren. — At Blackburn, a few 
hours earlier, Mrs, Kilner and two assistant 
female coufcciioncis were burnt to death. 

— Paris elections take place, aboul 140,000 
voting for the men on the lists of the Central 
Committee, and 60,000 for their optjonenta. 
Flourcns, Dlanqui, I'Vlix Pyat, and Gambon, 
were among the elected. In abdicaling its func- 
tions, to-day, the Committee advised the people 
to avoid those whom fottune has too greatly 
favoured, for it but scMom ha^i\»cus tl\a.t \\t 
who possesses fortune \^ wVWvu^ V^> VioV>iv*^>TvV\« 
woikiiig-iiian at a bioiVicr. " SetV mttu-wvVNe^ 



MAKCII 



1S7I. 



MAKCn 



sincere convictions; men of the people, resolute 
an'i active, who are well known for their sense 
of justice and honesty. Give your preference 
to those who do not canvass for your suffrages ; 
the only true merit is modesty; it is for the 
electors to know their men, not for the candi- 
dates themselves to come forward. We are 
ctmvinced that you will take note of these 
uhbcivations, and you will at last have inaugu- 
rated a truly popular representation ; you will 
thus have found representatives who will never 
consider themselves your masters." A few of 
the more active meml>ers of the ** Central Com- 
mittee " now formed themselves into a ** Sub- 
Committee," ultimately the real bo<ly in which 
the power of the Communal Assembly centred. 

27.— The House of Lords reject the Mar- 
riaj^c with a Deceased Wife's Sister Bill by 97 
to 71 votes. 

— Mr. Goschen introduces the Navy Esti- 
mates; the sum required for the year being 
9,756,356/., an increase, as compared with 
last year, of 585,000/. 

— The Emperor Napoleon ▼isits the Queen 
at Windsor Castle. Her Majesty returned the 
visit by proceeding to Chislehurst on the 3rd 
April. 

— At a meeting in the Mansion House the 
Lord Mayor announces that the Captain Relief 
Fund now amounted to 54,000/. 

fl8. — ^The Commune proclaimed in Paris 
in front of the Hotel de Ville. The members 
of the Communal Council assembled on a plat- 
form fronting the great entrance of Henry IV., 
over which was placed a bust representing 
the Republic, wearing a Cap of Liberty, orna- 
mented with red ribbons and flags. Numerous 
speeches were dclivere*!, but amidst the hum of 
the crowd of National Guards who fdled the 
square they were not much heard. Salvoes of 
artillery were also fired from a battery on the 
quay. The Journal Officid had previously 
announced that Paris, ** federated with the 
Communes of France already enfranchised, 
ought in her own name and in the names of 
Lyons and Marseilles, and soon, perhaps, of 
the other large towns, to study the clauses of 
the contract which ought to bind them to the 
nation, and to lay down an ultimatum to the 
treaty which they intend to sign. The ulti- 
matum ought to contain a guarantee for their 
autonomy and reconquered municipal sove- 
reignty, should secure free play for the connec- 
tion existing between the Commune ; and the 
representatives of the national unity should 
impose upon the Assembly, if it accepts the 
treaty, the promulgation of an Electoral law by 
which the representatives of the town shall not 
for the future be absorbed, and, as it were, 
drowned by the representatives of the country 
districts." Direct incitement was at the same 
time given to assassinate the Duke d'Aumale. 
" Society (writes Citizen Vaillant) has but one 
duty towards these Princes — Death I But one 
furmalitjr is required — the proof of identity. 
Q94 



The D'Orleans are in France ; the Bonapartes 
desire to return. Let good citizens think of 
it." The red flag was now hoisted on all 
public buildings. 

aa.— Declining the offer made to command 
the National Gunrd of the Commune, Garibaldi 
writes from Caprera : — ** Choose a single trxist- 
worthy citizen — and you are not without them 
— Victor Hugo, Louis Bbnc, Felix Pyal, as 
Ts-ell a<; Edgar Quinet and the other vctcnins of 
radical democracy can serve you. Generals 
Cremer and Billot, who, I perceive, have your 
confidence, may count among the number. 
Remember well, however, that one single 
tmstworthy man ought to be entrusted with 
the supreme position with full powers. This 
man will choose other honourable men to aid 
in the rough task of saving the country. And, 
if you have the good fortune to find a Wash- 
inj^on, France will rise from her shipwreck in 
a little time greater than ever." 

fl9. — Died, aged 52, Louise, Queen of 
Sweden. 

— The London School Board discuss a 
motion submitted by Professor Huxley for 
restricting Bible-reading in elementary schools 
to selections submitted to and approved by the 
Board. An amendment was proposed bv the 
Rev. Prebendary Thorold directing the torn- 
mitlee on the Scheme of Education to select 
for approval a course of Bible readings, and 
giving instructions to the teachers to choose spe- 
cial passages as occasion might arise. The 
motion and also the amendment were rejected. 

— Died, aged 74, Imam Schamyl, the active 
opponent of Russia in the Caucasus. 

— The Royal Albert Hall of Arts and 
Sciences openetl by the Queen, who was re- 
ceive<l, on entering, by the Prince of Wales as 
President of the Provisional Committee. A 
Biblical Cantata, composed for the occasion 
by Sir M. Costa, was afterwards given with 
great effect. Eight thousand people were said 
to be within the building on this occasion. 

30. — Mr. Dilke's motion expressing regret 
that Government assented to a conference on 
the Bbck Sea question under the circumstances 
disclosed in Prince Gortschakoff^s note, nega- 
tived, after debate, without a division. 

— The official organ of the Commune pub- 
lishes a decree abolishing the conscription, and 
declaring that no central force, with the excep- 
tion of the National Guard, can be created or 
introduced into Paris. All able-bodied citizens 
to form part of the National Guard. Another 
decree grants a general remission of rent to 
hxlgers from October 1870 until April 1871, 
The amounts paid during those seven months 
will be reckoned on for the months to come. 
The sale of all articles deposited at the Mont 
de Piete is suspended. Another decree directs 
all officials in the public offices to regard from 
henceforth as null and Toid all orders or com- 
munications emanating from the Governmeiif 



187^' 



APRIL 



a 

A ctupbifi> irofti Cele- 

ns to wbicb they were 

5> mentioned 

risons, yicld- 

4„c -ying prisoner, 

de sa ei c a pnest a pass 

li« *ih*rttt ^ cnts arc to aiilho- 

ta Ali^w the visit to prisoner 

ucn U , wlio stay^ he is ihe 

ut a-jmcbody called G<xl [// twmmi 



90 

iwiaccr 
lieeam 



York pttpcT 



I of J 

ttliHiiicths] ih^ felt III 
' 1 oxnpevuate far s< 



7>^ 



Kingston A^sucs, before the 

t he case of Gold Schmidt TA the 

' ' nml had 

y a New 

.: . , . . ivn>gance 

y to the pUintifTj the 
1 Vrrt-lict for the pU'm- 
of the jury 
t of damage 
'l^uiLi'Ws u libeL 



ai.— TTi^ rA^'- 




the western side of Paris 
t% it was said, of the 
hamiv tiering in great force at 

■^it^ F ^l^ f*vnf, in the Vtngmr^ to-day, 
s not returned a single 
or conciliatory man to 
-' ' r :ti, with the 
r-i. He then 
y in language 
ig they dare not 
''1 it, starve it, and 
TiR ; they annul the 
. Jinfl the Treasury^ 
'' "► their aid the 
of Chaiclte, 
r 1 11 to aid the 

Citisen Pynt rccr^mmeiulcd a visit 
Xcs Vefuillei« 

Aprtl 1. — Univtni(yBoat*FacewonkyCani* 
luldfc by • length. 

^ Kii *:i^.*tiir-tit Utwfcn llie tr»:)opa of Vcr- 
BalIIr< ii»e at Ciiurl>c\'oie, from 

wbic' r were nit imatcly iihcUcd 

Mont Viilerirn, In the 
cd a miiMifcst'j declaring 
' ' entirety 

alrcftrly 
ore false 
pulilic piirsc. It is in a 
hi'Tfir to the Parisians, 
' r>f thcif 
rallying 
■•:i1^»y at 
■ : the 
■■ -^cil 

, e tiiciu^civCA, 

lid of a criiiia 
They may be 




certain that they will not be leU igtionwit of 
passing events, and Llut when the Governmenl 
IS silt^ntg it is only becau;>e it has nothing grave 
or Interesting to communicate. 

a.— Noisy meeting in Sr, James's Hall» pre- 
sided over by Mr CbamVrs, M.P., to protest 
against the unconstitutional policy of the Mouse 
of Lords in rejecting bills repeatedly pnssed by 
the Commons, and to demand the removal of 
the Bishops from Parliafnent. 

— More lighting before Paris, again to the 
advantage of the VeRailles troops, They were 
observed to treat the captured Communists 
with marked ic verily. Gu^tave Hourens was 
among liiti killed, and Duval takea prisoner 
and »jhoL Wild with rage at the defeat and 
slaughter of their leaders, the Communist part/ 
nuiw set about ichcmcj* for making reprisals, 
and placed many in prison to await their plea- 
sure in this respect. 

— Died, at Post ford House, Surrey, aged 
74, Sir William Magnay, Bart,, who filled the 
offioe of l^rdi Mayoi- in 1844, wheu the Queen 
Opened the Royal Exchange. 

— Mr, Secretary Bruce introduces a Licens- 
ing Bill, carrying out, as he described, two 
t)rr>ad principles: — i. That the public have a 
right to a sufficient number of respectably con- 
ducted houses ; and 2. That all vested interests 
should be fairly considered, 

— Mr. Goschen introduces two bills on the 
subject of local taxation, designed to provide a 
uniform system of local government throughout 
England and Wales (the metropolis excepltid), 
and to secure unilonnity of rating. The ihiee 
main features of his scheme were to popularise 
the character and increase the efficiency of rural 
institutions by the establishment of parochial 
boards, pr^idcd over by an elective chairman, 
and furnishing representative members, to be 
.associated with the magistrates in the adminis- 
tration of county affairs ; to give a measure of 
relief to tenants by a division of rates between 
owners and occupiers ; to give a boon, especi- 
ally to urban ratepayers, by the surrender of 
the house-tax to local authorities in aid of 
local taxation. There were also provisions for 
subjecting to rates certain kinds, of local pro* 
pcriy, such as mines, woods, and game ; for 
the assciisment on a hiijhcr scale of country 
gentlemen's residences ; for the coUectian of 
all rates as one consolidated rate ; and for the 
smiplification of the areas of local taxation* 
Local cxpeniliturc was said to amount to 
36,000,000/. per annum. 

— In opening the Spinish Cortes, King 
Amadeo said : — ** We shall alTord an 0[>pur- 
tunity for your patriotism to remove the clififi* 

cnlti- > » !• ^!c surrotui'ti- ' '* - ■ - nent 

of M , and tu ;^re- 

hc-n I I fmure. In , in, I 

intcndcti to identify on the saitic ^avI v^t W 
tctc*t& of the rcaVm iwVivth \vux Wci\ tttV\\ft\a 
to mc wUliiki&V wWidfck ii d«i£3t.iiBA. Xo v«^\"^^ 



APRIL 



187I. 



APRIL 



world — my wife ami son. The mission en- 
trusted to me is dilTicuIt, but glorious ; perhaps 
Inryond my strcnjjih, but not al»ovc my will : 
and wilh the help of CkkI I hope to succeed. 
(»o<l knows my intcniiun, and wilh the co- 
o]K'ration of the Cortes an<l all go<xl men, 
which will not fail me, I ho]>c that my efforts 
will l)c crowned wilh the reward of achieving 
the happiness of the Spanish people." 

3. — Ki>;hth decennial census of the people 
taken throughout the kingdom. 

4. — The Economic Museum, Pcnryn House, 
Twickenham, destroyed by fire. 

5.— The Commune issue a proclamation to 
the Parisians regarding the recent engage- 
ments : — ** Every day the l)anditti of Versailles 
slaughter or shoot our prisoners, and every 
hour we learn that another murder has been 
committed. Those who are guilty of such 
crimes— you know them ; those are the Gen- 
darmes of the Empire, the Royalists of Charette 
anil Cathelineau, who are marching on Paris, 
in shouting * Vive le Roi ! ' and with a white 
Hag at their head. The Government of Ver- 
sailles is acting against the laws of warfare and 
humanity, and we shall Ix: compelled to make 
're])risals should they continue to disregard the 
usual conditions of warfare between civilised 
]K:oples. If our enemies murder a single one 
of our soldiers we shall reply by ordering the 
execution of an ecjual number or double the 
number of prisoners. The people, even in its 
anger, detests bloodshed as it detests civil 
war, but it is its duty to protect itself against 
the savage attemj)ts of its enemies, and what- 
ever it may cost, it shall be an eye for an eye, a 
l«Mith for a tooth." 

6.— The Princess of Wales gives birth to a 
son (Alexander John Charles Albert), who died 
the following day. 

— Decree issuetl by the Commune setting 
forth that, as the (Jovemmcnt of Versailles had 
trampled all the laws (»f humanity under foot, 
anyone convicted of complicity with it would 
Ik; im|)riw)ne I as hostages of the people of 
Paris; and, upon the execution of any ]>risoner 
of war 01 any ]>artisan of the Commune of Paris 
by the Versailles Government, three of the 
hostages relainol by the jK-ople of Paris would 
Ikj shot. On the day the decree ajipeared the 
Archbishop of Tnris, theC'urc of the Sladrleine, 
and a crowd of other c-cclesiastics, were lodgetl 
in the Conciergerie. The plate and other 
valuables found in the churches to which the 
Commune had been were also seizeil. 

7.— General ChiNeret, who had now come 
to the front as directing the military move- 
ments of the Commune, re|>orls : — ** With 
regard to the conduct of our troops the soldiers 
arc excellent, the offjcers of a mi\e<l character 
—some good, some bad. There is much dash, 
but rather a want of firmness. When the war 
companies shall have been formed and 8ei>a- 
ratcd from the sedentary element, we shall 
hMve an army corps d MtU^ whobC effective 



strength will exceed 100,000 men. I cannot 
too strongly recommend the Guards to give the 
utmost attention to the question of the choice 
of officers. At present the respective positians 
of the two armies may be summed up thu: 
The Prussians of Versailles occupy the posi- 
tions which were held by their allies ironi 
beyond the Kline. We occupy the trenches 
of Les Moulit.eaux and the station of Clamtit 
In fine, our position is that of men who, strong 
in their good right, await with firmness the 
attack of the enemy, being satisfied with acting 
on the defensive In conclusion, if our troops 
retain their sangfroid^ and do not waste their 
ammunition, the enemy will be tired out be- 
fore us." 

7-— Good Friday news from Paris describe 
the fighting continued lietween Neuilly and 
Courbevoie. At 6.30, P.M., the advantage is 
reported as slightly resting with the Versailles 
troops, "who have earned the barricade on 
the I'aris side of Neuilly Bridge, and are also 
masters of the upper paurt of the Avenue, but 
the Communists are stdl fightins wilh remark- 
able courage and tenacity, and nave just been 
sending down the Porte Maillot reinforcements 
of men and artillery strong enough possibly to 
turn the fortunes of the day. The excitement 
in Paris near the quarter in which the fighting 
is going on is intense. Crowds are assembled 
round the Arc de Triomphe, and especially at 
the head of the Avenue de la Grande Armee, 
from which much of the fightuig can be dis- 
tinctly seen, and which has itself received 
numerous shells to-day, chieflv from Mont 
Valerien. A few have fallen in the Avenue 
Ullrich, and as no house in the neighbourhood 
is considered safe, the consternation of the in- 
habitants is very great On the other hand, 
in those |xirts of Paris which are not expose^! 
to the Ixmibardment the prevailing tranquillity 
is, under the circumstances, extraordinar>'. 
Peo])le are lounging and promenading in the 
Champs Elysees, and, but for the incessant 
marching backwards and forwards of battalions, 
the boulevards and principal streets would have 
much the same aspect that they had before the 
attack on Neuilly began ; yet it is believed 
generally that the Versailles corps are bent ol 
taking Paris by storm, and not a few expect 
the assault to be nuidc to-night, possibly with 
success." 

— Died, Vicc-Admiral Tegethoff, the Aus- 
trian officer who defeated the Italian navy ofi 
Lissa. 

8. — Monument to Ernest Jones, democrat, 
unveiled in Ardwick cemetery, Manchester. 

— The Republican League declare that Paris 
has no wish to destroy the work of the great 
French Revolution. She wishes, it was said, 
to continue it. " Hut Paris, during the last 
twenty years, has been more oppressed than 
the rest of the country. She wuhes now to 
reconquer her privileges and to affirm hei 
rights. The recent movement is not an insar- 
reclion, Vml a Tnc^aStvxv. \\. >& vwrfc— r| thai 



Ps^n 



1871. 



APRIL 



\ uoiremn»mi • 
iipQiited siti 



r to abandon 
h have been 
March last. 
It Wk mctsuAry^ c> , in order to 

t iht (r« exi rsal suffrage, 

with die gti!iti.U elections of the 
«f»e of Paris, VVc require a grent and 
bl msnifestatiorfi of pablic 0|jitut>n to put 
I to the straggle. Let the whole of Pans 
with til lO'day as she did during the 
«iegc; for Ibe »lvadon of the Republic and of 
Frtnc* h at stake. Should the Govcfimicnt of 
^ Tnain domb to those legitimate re- 
, let it be well aware that Paris 
I ftsc aft one mnn to defend them." 

-H. Tliicr^. by a threat of resignation, 

tlie Aswmbly to rescind a reiolulion 

ftyort ^oold be elected by the Municipal 

Dombrowski appointed Com- 
the Commune of Fad% in place of 
Ocoerml Bcryieret, 

-M. Jtdesr ' 1 1 t^e Vcrsaillea 

ajjain f brought for- 

• tlr,^ ^,_ ,,. !:at an under- 

n us and the Germans. 
: will be laid before you 
I our iincerily, and will testify 
hit wc constantly declined the 
wtiicn was offerwJ to us by the Ger- 
" I «1so no le*s important ihat the 
» G«"rniTti nuthonlies toward-s the 
isliou , detcntitned. They 

! alwipcori - did all the other 

"^ ► t&afi the Gijvcf iimcnt issued from uni- 
was alone legitimate and pre- 
lerious guarantees/' M. Favrc after* 
onoonced that the insur|^cnts had taken 
ajrmll llip rA.wr nt I he Foreign Office. ** As 
itt ottrertvs: ludcti* ** wc shall do our 

mnA f ii order in Paris. Our 

ny can rely on our devotion as wc can 
kcoange/' 

^^ Marshal MacMahon assumes commarul 
oC the Vemnies anny. 

U-^Thc Harqnii of Normanby gaietted 
r and Commander-in-Chief of Qitcen<»- 

— Rqjlytn;^ fti a remfmstmnce requesting 

" Urn Bttlicn' the de- 

coioii of !>• 1 I IS CAf-e, 

tl»r Aniibunop -"The 

dkid' pttrtoo 01 Mien the 

llib fdiiu' 
tothctik^ti 

•WT yg« ' 



..ill 

'IL'S 






of 



ing their doctrine and discipline, to the decidon 
of the courts of law» l*his is an oVjligaliun from 
which no section of the community can «*cape 
under a well-ordered Government, . . . The 
nibrics interpreteti by the Supreme Court, 
form the lawful rule of Divine service to which 
the clergy are bound to yield a loyal obedience ; 
but certainly, as a matter of fact^ not all the 
clergy are expected by their parishioner?, or 
req^iired by their bishops, rifjidly to observe 
every point in the nibri<s at all times and under 
all circumstances.'* In conclusion, his grace 
exhorts his brethren not to be disquieted by 
any strifes respecting matters aflecting the vest- 
ments or posture of the clergy. "Such things," 
he says, '* cannot touch your teaching of the 
Gospel of Christ, or affect the validity of His 
sacraments. In days when every effort is re- 
quired to resist ungorlliness and infidelity, all 
our zeal and energy ought to be directed to the 
promotion of real rtligion among our people," 

11. — Another ineffectual sortie on the south* 
em forts of Paris by Versailles troops;. It had 
been anticipatetl for some time, and was made 
in such force as furnisheil ground for bclic\-ing 
it would close the protracted strife. Fifteen 
thousand men, consisting of gendarmes and 
Pontifical Z^^uaves, collected during the day in 
the Meudon Wtxxls. The movement was <le- 
luctcd, and 80,000 Federals drawn up within 
the line of the forts. General Eudes, who 
was in command, permitted the enemy to 
approach to the glacis of the Fort of Issy, when 
he poured a cross fire from Issy and Montrouge, 
rcpul^iing the Versailles trocji>s with slaughter. 
Only four men were killed within the two forts, 

— F-arth quake at B at hang, a village in 
the Chinese province of Szcch^en, causing 
the destruction of two large temples, the 
offices of the collector of grain tax, the 
local magistrates* offices, the colonels* offices, 
the Tingdin temple, with nearly 700 fathoms 
of wall around il, and 351 rooms in all, 
inside; six smaller temples, numbering 321 
rooms besides 1,849 rooms and houses of 
the common people. The number of people 
killed by the crasn, including the soldiers, was 
2,298, among whom were the local magistrate 
and his second in office. The earthquake ex- 
tended from Bat hang eastward to Pang-Chahe- 
muth, westward to Nan-Tun, on the south to 
Linlsflh-sbih. and on the north to the salt welU 
of Atimtot, a circuit of over 400 miles. 

— The trustees of Rugby School having 
had their attention directed to certain com- 

' ifs of wJint of discipline, adopt a resolution 

^iive of their opvnion that the irregularities 

-<l t.i \irrc not such as to call for any 

nee on their part, or to cause 

*• In justice," they said, ** to 

the I i , they denired to impress on the 

und. I J nerally the neces!»ity of giving, 

not onjy A iioinujal, butacordial co-opcratu n. ** 

!«-— M. Gutrot WT^l^s \<i l\ve Txmn ^?M!lX>^ft^ 
faulu of Fmnce cause \ttm mo^t wnto^ >^ 



APF::: 



APRIL 



h*r rr. =' r .r?s : ": i: :* t<^?- I:s« £s-:h ii 
her g •:•! :.:aI :.r5. t":"- ■ ^— 'i'.^ -r^r fcr:— :; 

irsTt :\* c-.-i ■*■-:- ^ " '""^r •._ ■:•;.-- 17 — i- 
:.:le rt-s-r-rji^ cv=a w.i- ;cr "_•*:•£•:•:« ire 

Ni:: r_i! A ; 5^~ ': *.t in i .> rlx*: _ : . ■• e ine 1 . *.•■£ 

::•*•. ir.Tr- r. '...t '.i-: «\: :-.= :; ly '.I-t t'.'..;.- 






ri*. 






an : :.3 ren :-r :r.e ^--n* 2u:r.:> v :: r«: 
A zjt'K ar. i loj-al arzir '-is c^.-'-e-i t:- 
re7re'5*r-.\::ve> ch»?><3 by Frsr.-e, ia: ^lir..Iy 
o\«}-i ::.=;.- criers ani :h.« of ;r.i ^-eral? i- 
con::nir. :. The tirit efT.ns :■:' \ta xr=T hive 

la.— M.Thicr? ir:vm>:he Frtffcc:* r:-: *':>? 
army awa::-^ :'-« nomen: of vljT.ry, "n-~::h ti!!I 
be gainei »-i:h^u: ': l>>-dshe'i. The irsurr^;:: :n 
i« wear>-. Di>^i:e> Live arrived a: Versa: !e^ 
If sen: by the Co-=inune :hey woul.i =.: h.-.ve 
!<en received, b-: :hey w-re rece:ve\; '.ecijse 
Ihey were sincere Ke:abija"5 -:>{ Pari-. >!y 
answer to them »vs invarii'. !y, * No ".e 
menaces the Re. a '..: exccvt as.>a>s:a>. The 
live* of the ir.«i:r^c-:^ >>a'l Kr sparevi. The 
unfortunate w. r'-vmc: >hili :em*jHjrari!y c.>n::::ue 
i> l)e sub-iiJizt-*!. F^r.* xzm< rerum L-.t-^ the 
common municiya! li*-. A'.l sece>.-:on will lie 
»^r pressed in France, as was done in America.' 
This was my answer." 

— In Buenos A\Tes 3S0 person? are re- 
ported to have diet! of yellow fever. The 
deaths during the week were put down at 

4,030. 

— Diet! at Grantchester. Cambridge, a,^ 
82, Rev. Edward Pole. M..A.. one of the oldest 
members of the I'niversiry, having taken his 
13. -V. degree in 1S14 with the late Vice-Chan- 
cellor Kindersley and Mr. Justice Cress well 

13. — Died at Dublin, aged 75. Sir >[aguire 
Brmly, Bart., three times Lord Chancel lor of 
Ireland. 

— M. Rochcf.jrt. writing in the Mot 
d^Ordrf^ defends the "requisition" made by 
the Commune in N-jtre Dame :— " We do not 
hesitate to declare them national jiroperty, ft>r 
the single reason that they proceetl from the 
generosity of those to whom the Church has 
promised Paradi-^e ; and the promise of ima- 
ginary returns made to obtain any property is 
qualified as swindling by ever>- code. . . . 
* Your ])urse or hell ! ' Such is, in the present 
day, the only programme of the Catholic 
cl«-rgy; and as the French nation no longer 
believes in hell, it is natural that, in case of 
need, it should take back the purse." 

14..— Michael Torpey apprehended in a 
hou c in Marylelwne Road (where he was 
living with his wife) on the charge of stealing 
diamonds and jewellery from Messrs. London 
and Ryder. A portion of the stolen proi^erty 
was ffvind in his posscssiun. 
9S^ 



\A^ — Died at Jarrow-on-thc-Tyne, aged 87, 
Mr5. M:r.^:s. Euii aad confidante to Lady Byron 
':«:':• re r^d a.^:er hermarriage, and whose name 
ca."ne ar recently in connection with the oon- 
-r v*r^ xi t:> ±e causes vrhich led to the break* 
i- • 31 ■?:* iha: Ll-assorted union. 

15— Mr. J. R Dandson, MP. for Durham 
z.:y. ir. : Tai^r-A Ivocate-General, found dead 
:- "r. j :<-i a: :'-:e resi-ience of Mr. St. George 
:'-:•.-. »here he had been staying for a few 
-lays. Tr.is was Mr. DaWJson's 45th birth- 
iiT. A: :he election which subsequently took 
p'jce. GoTerT;mc3t lo<t the seat, Mr. Wharton, 
*C ; r.-e.'^auve, polling S14 ^x>:cs to Mr. Thomp- 
son's 776. 

16.— The Westmeath Committee report that, 
owiz^ to the pre^-alence of Ribbon Societies in 
thi: -iistrct, xnsrder and other crimes of the 
=•- .--yt frsri -as nature have been pcrpe»rate<l ; 
ar. : that by reason partly of sympathy with the 
rerpetr^Tors of such crimes, and still more by 
•re te-Tzr crated by the existence and action 
tf the S -pieties, it has been found to be almost 
:r'.ro>>ibie to obtain evidence on which to 
Ir:::^ oscniers to justice. 

— Sun -lay Republican demonstration in 
H>de Pa-k to express sympathy with the 
Parisian Commimi-itSb Large numbers— many 
fr:m curiosity— turned out on the occasion, 
b-t the gailicring was generally admitted to be 
a failure. 

— Died at Bray, aged 77, Lord Plunkett, 
second son of the famous Irish orator. 

— Died at Bydews, near Maidstone, Rer. 
Beal Po>te. LL.B., archxologisL 

17. — Captain Chalmers, the senior officer of 
the Ryde and Portsmouth Steam Service, com- 
mits suicide by leaping from the deck of his 
vessel as she was leaving Ryde Pier. 

— Billiard match in St. James's Hall be- 
tween Cook, jun., and Roberts, sen., the latter 
receiving a start of 200 in 2,000. Cook won 
with an unfinished break of 268, including no 
lo'^s than 7S sp^t strokes, which his opponent 
had been the chief means of introducing and 
popularizing. 

— The Versailles army capture the Chlteau 
dc Brem after a sharp engagement 

— M. Louis Blanc writes in the Scir that 
the solution which he judged and declared 
" the fittest to save us from the horrors of civil 
war is that which would consist in the bold 
proclamation of the Republic by the National 
Assembly, and in the adoption of a law putting 
Paris in full and entire possession of her muni- 
cipal liberties." 

18. — At the first meeting of the House, to- 
day, after the Easter recess, a motion submitted 
by Lord Henry Lennox for a Select Committee 
to inquire into the causes of the dismissal of 
Sir Spencer Robin.son from the Admiralty was 
rejected by 153 to 104 votes. 



^JC/l, 



[8; I. 



APRIL 



10.^Sl3l refostfi^ Qssent to the rapal Tn* 
^Difcttlity diaipna, Ur. lK51ling^r is romially 
caQOaiMiikated by th*? ArcMii^hop nf Mnnich. 
Heiiiiedthe A i e. 

tnintc- ----»-•■-. , „...*«, M4,.. .^ Lhe 

Gam It to assemble, or 

befbrt MS to be selcctetl by 

the A il in this conference he was 

coov- ' pTTors, he i*tis ready buth to 

•eOTf' 1 to witiicJraw everylhing 

lie DA ^t il. If, however, this 

conff ed him» he expected to 

proft: «e was contrary ro Scrip- 

11 a misconception of 
Ckurch and of her irailitions, 
, Dr. DoUingcr further main- 
' <.dom of dii^cussion, and 
\o examine aulhorilies. 

. ., ,jn'/' he said, ** I cannot 

iaak^ If, fur &s &iich I know that I be persistent 

tvour to fen1i;c this theory of universal 

I I vers of bluod^ has 

and brought them 

■ ' ' of 

ra 

-.--, :.-.:-: . _„_..__._. M.d 

\ front ftbusrs. As a citi/en i must reject 

ii» bc omac by it* prctcnsiotis to lhe subjection 

ftnd monarchs, and of the whole 

\ sp;tcm to the Papal powers it leads to 

- -.1 -* i 'ween Church 

V*.*' The re- 

;>provc<l of iti 

Iter by the Kmg of Bavaria, 

iviX profc^ors in the RomAQ 

Colksc 

'— ^Th« Emperor of Germany decUties the 

1 retignation of General Von Stcinmctt, 

•lu! oonfen upon him the highe&t dignity in lhe 

' Meeting of London clergy held at Sion 
f to secure the observance of Ascension 
^ the laity as a holiday like Christmas* 

[I>jed, ajgeil 6$, Omer Pasha, Cora- 
' r-in-Chicf of the Turkish army. 

Died at Montrose, aged 93, Rev. Dr. 
who had acted as tutor Lu Lord 
\ In his Atxfdecn days. 

-The rVit^rtwr, conducted by Felix 

bhes a dcvrrc of lhe Commune for 

Libe Vend6me Column, its demo- 

^:mnly performed by military 

presence of the assembled 

mal Guird, and the members 

none. It waa 3l:»o sugges^ted thnt 

r of lhe Empire " should on the 

fmme«l at the foot of the Column 

ilfte dc famillc*'* 

Ver«ilTlcs troops look 
V. nml dr^^ve thr Com- 




:;.7 



ever, arrived of gendarmes and marines, who 
drove Dombrowaki's men still farther back 
with considerable slaughter, causing them to 
occupy their most remote barricaiie at the 
junction of the Rue Peronnct with the Bimlc* 
vard Inkerman. Many of the Communists 
were killed, being fired at in their flight 
through tl)e holes in garden walls which iliey 
themselves had made m their advance. Tliene 
was great lo-is among lhe officers. The Am- 
bulance head-quarters at Neuilly was shelled, 
and the surgeons and waggons compelled to 
decamp In haste. 

19.— The Communists issue another procki- 
mation, declaring that their enemies deceive 
themselves or the country ** when they accuse 
Paris of desirkig to impose its will and supie- 
macy upon the rest of the nation, and to aspire 
to a Dictatorship, which would be a veritable 
attempt to overthrow the independence and 
sovereignly of other Communes, They deceive 
themselves when they accuse Paris of seeking 
the destruction of French unity, established by 
the Revoluiion. The unity which has been 
imposed upon us up to the present by the 
Empire, the Monarchy, and the P.irliamcntary 
Government, is nothing but centralization, 
despotic, unintelligent, arbitrary, and onerous. 
The political unity, as desirefl by Paris, is a 
voluntary association of all local tnitiaiive, the 
free and spontaneous co-operation of all indi- 
vidual energies with the common object of the 
welMjeing, liberty, and security of alL The 
Communal revolution, initiated by lhe people 
on March 18, imnpurated a new eru in politics, 
expcrimenial, positive, and scientific. It was 
the end of the old ofiicial and clerical world of 
military supremacy and bureaucracy, of jobbing 
in monopolies and privilegc-S to which the pro- 
letariat owed its slavery, and the country its 
misfortunes and disasters. The strife between 
Paris and Versailles is one of those that cannot 
be ended by an illusory compromise j the issue 
should not be doulitful ... As for ourselvci, 
cit liens of Paris, we have a mission to accom- 
plish, a motlem revolution the greatest and the 
most fruitful of all those which have illumi* 
nated history. It is our duty to fight aiid 
conquer.** 

ao.^Mr. I>owe introduces the Budget, 
showing the estimated expemliture fjr iSjl-ya 
to be 72,3oS,Scjio/., and the revenue 69,595,000/. 
Among the items of expenditure was 
16,452.000/. for the army, including abolition 
of purchrxs<,as against 12,965,000/. for 1870-7 1* 
He maintained that it was in the power of this 
nation, "if we were &•> minded, to take snch 
measure* as will enable us to have a force which 
is demonstrably sufficient, considering the con- 
ditions of the problem uf Lmding a {\)XCt in ar 
enemy's count ly, to cnjsh any enemy l>cfore he 
could possibly accumulate sujfhctent strength to 
invade us, And if that can be d«me, I can 
haolly imagine any sacrifice that il would not 
be worth \s1il\i: lo vnakc Uom a. ^^utA^ W:x\v:?a\ 
iXjTiiidenition, bcciiu»e "\1 70A1 can wx\sXi v*^^^ 



iSti. 



APRIL 



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cr':.:. lie .♦ . ■ :■—. 

,-■.* ; : ■ -:■..: v\ " 
I \-'. -■ t".. '• I \ *-vV 1-. 
l- i\ -.c-.i.'. ^^?.x<\. ; 
c- n. ■.:: - : -.r. .y ■-■: :'.v.' 

!^v ::/ ■ - "-.;•- '■•: ICO \ : 

IX.. 'i . e on"..:: o' Y\s 

I)..'.: :Vv\^.:C.. :r ':.:-,-. 

^« ^'. '. \ :■...:.", .\ ':'.' : " 

55'^«'j^c'- • '■''• ■ '--^ ■' ' "•"-■ 

i.S;<?.ax\'. lit- J nc'.u 

K ^- '. ;: vy.\ Tc'. a: i : \: : ■ ^ /.:j :Vr n: .i: j hi -, w rr.ch, 

attcr >i;.niv.' a ivtrr-*.- ^i:>cu*>lo*'.. was .i^recvi lo. 

ai. -Mr. r.Ln:i:^'K ir.:r. viuccs. 1 u". wi:*v:rAws 
a*": vr '. cS.\ : c. .1 re ^^ \ •- : i n i n iho 1 'c c *..ir.\i ion 
• 't" I'.'ir:'. as'CTtiiij; tli.\: "the mai:;tenar.ce of 
I>ri:i^!» m.iii;ii:ic ri^l.:> Ww.f^ e>scn:ial :o the 
1' »wer, pR-^sjcriry, r.:,.l :u icj on knee of :lie 
i-ni|iiie, ili:> lli'ii*e i^ nf (^piiiiiiu ih.ii Ii«.t 
Maji-sty'> {..;. fVoriiir.cn: >lio;i:il forthwith wi:li- 
«lrAw hi. in tlie ariiclos uf * The iVxuir.uitn of 
I'aris 1S56.' whii-h are numU-roii re>j'cctive'.y 
I antl 2, anil whidi are e\nrc.^M^«l in the ti-ims 
fiill.iwinj;:— I. I'rivatcci-inj; i.«> an J reni.'.ins 
nl):»lishci.l. 2. Tho neuiral tlaj; ovors cncniy'> 
grMfls, with the exception of contraluiul of 
war." 

SIS. — ^[a^■ie<l accordinjj to the form of a 
Communal certificate, *' 'Ihc ciii/en A net. ^on 
of Jean-Louis Anel» an«l the Maria Saint. She 
eng^jjetl to follow tlie said citizen everywhere, 
and to love him always. — A net, Maria Saint. 
Witnessed by the undermentioned citizen and 
citizenne.ss — Fuiherar, l^iroche." 

— Monument set up in York Minster to 
tlie memory of Kretlerick Vyner, one of the 
iiarty slain a year since at Skimalari by Gieek 
brigands. 

— A (.'i)mmnni.->t organ, the J\f(>fift7,i;fir, 
writer : -"Our cloj;s that ust'd only to groul 
vhen a bishop pa^.ttd, will bite him now, and 
not a voice will l>e raised to curse the day 
which dawns for the sacrifice of the Archbishop 
of Paris. We owe it lo ourselves — we owe it 
to the world. The Commune has promised lUi 
nn eve ior an eye, and has given us M on.seijjneur 
1 )nrlK>v as a luKilagc. The justice of the Irilm- 



-iis -hall conmence, said Danton, when the 
•ar--.r. or' :he j^'-'ri*^ is appca«ieil — and he »-as 
rl^-L Darb.jy I tremble in your celL for your 
iiy ii put, your end is close at hand ! " 

as. — CoIIUion near the Newarp lightship 
re: ween :he Kotter«Iam steamer Kestral and 
:r.c f-rew coi-ier FranklanJ^ of Ne^vcasllt 
Th-j : mer sank, but her crew and pxssengtn 
were uken off and landed at Grim>by. 

a^. — M«»*t of ibe newspapers this morning 
c. ".:j n aniwics and letters directe<l against the 
r-es::ly-xp.:roiiuced Budjjei, the proix)NttI match- 
Lax :r. j-arivi^ilar givir.g rise to hostile criticjsm. 
Lr^ar.: an.i May. makers of the •* Safety Maiclu" 
df^w.a-e-I ihaTihe duty which it was propostd 
to \'z\\ w uM \-ary from 100 to 400 percent., 
ar. : e^er. m.-re on the wholesale price. *'0n 
the wh'.ltsale pr.ce of 625/. wnrih of the coxn- 
ir.o-:c>: matches the duty will be 3.00(V., or 
nv.^rly 500 rer cent. The effect of this imj»o- 
>i:i. n wi'.l Ix: almost entirely to e»tingTii»h two 
:mj-on.'»nt branches of the business, throwing 
va-t n-jm!«er5 of work people out of employmcni, 
ani'i consequently on the rates^ which in the 
k.cal::y where the trade is principally carried 
on— the East-end of London — are at present 
almost unlnmrable. A great portion of the 
h r.'.r trade will, no doubt, drift into the hands 
.:■:' :o:ei|;ners as the demand will be for the 
h w o<: •'jU.'.lities, which are f irinci^tally nuinu- 
f-ct.irci abr*>ad.'* Regarding the Terminable 
Anr.ui:y Sinking Fund, Mr. Hubliard si:i>- 
p- T'.cvl a proposal made by the 'i'imies to sus- 
I pcnd its operation for one year. 
I — Michael Campl>ell executed at Spring- 
, field ga.il, Kssex, for the murder of Mr. Gal- 
: Kiway at Stratford. The prisoner had gone 
- out with t%vo other men on the evening of the 
■. 9th of February for the purpose of entering 
j houses by climbing up the ])orticoes in front. 
I and then plundering the upper rooms. They 
; had m.itle two or three unsuccessful attempts, 
; and at length, while in the act of entering the 
! hou>e ttf the diceaseil gentleman, they were 
. di>tui iK'd, and one of the prisoner's companions 
sci/od by the deceased. The prisoner then 
came up and stablxxl the unfortunate gentleman 
in the eve, inflicting a wound of which he died 
a verj* few days afterwards. 

— Mr. White's liudget resolution— " That 
the additional taxation proiK)sed will entail bur- 
dens UIK.M1 the people which are not justified by 
existing ciivunisiances,'' rejectwl by 257 lo 23b 
vi)te>, after a discussion in which Mr. Lowe 
and .Mr. Ciladsione were found to be the only 
speakers who seemeil inclined to support the 
budget as a whole. 

— The matchmakers muster in large num- 
l)ers at the East-<-nd of London, and in various 
sections march througli the City lo Westminster 
to ]ue>ent peiitiuns against the imjiosiiion of 
tlte new tax. Some tumult naturally prevaile<l 
ahuig the line of march, and in Palace Van! for 
a time meml>ers could not readily obtain en- 
trance to the lIou.sc ; but it was not till return- 
ing by way of the Thames Embankment, wlieie 



V/L 



1871. 



APhiL 



nmestjySon^^ m Tnrge nctmbefs, thai 

c occurred. Here 

1 few boards torn 

be«: Mticu'cs were alleged to 

icommftled \ff (>artlcs whO| from in- 

I oiodvf^^ hod mixed thems<;Ives up with 

p^tobliUuiitng the sanction of thcGcrma^n 
Dt to » propo^d for a loan of lao 
It&ftkn. PruDGe Bismarck remarked tlifit 
otry had been forctrd into great financtal 
\ Xxjt omiiitAin a force in France to meet 
^ aes. ** If the French Govern* 
' Jlt^ud, ** do not pay the amount ngreed 
I fm tbc maintenance of ihe German troops 
Twill be Bice^aiy again to have recoun»e to 
; of food and forage. The German 
wtU not interfere in the internal 
f Frtnc^, thotu^h it is hojiily possible to 
' T rancc under all circum- 
iJtt rights and German 
:-^ ..„,.^...., ,, it will become our dtily 

iinces that the match* 

on account of the dis- 

>-,.eU. Mr. Wren Iloskyns* 

out the necessity of reraov- 

:10ns in the laws regulating 

r ^iJ u angler of laikd rejected by 79 to 

«— > Cxme ofi before the Lords Jnstices, 
die CMe of Hawkswonh v. Hawksworth, in* 
folvilllf the atir^tion whether a daughter (aged 
e0lt Blid * liAlf yean) of a decea>e<l Roman 



Cilbplt 




Wmmle of 



worth should b« 

lie or as a mem- 

Thc father dictl 

atul the daughter 

'.c. of her muthcr, 

Ji uf Jingland. The 

a<iicated upon by the 

' I t Lancaster. 

ens), affcr 

. lid in court, 

libiiould be brought up in the re> 

^thrf— rhnt is to say, as a Roman 

led from that de- 

Lo( "jw cunfirmed the 

of 11 



ilntT of tim ( 




Ibai - , t : ■_ _ . _t 

of a child on the father's death 

retard fo fhc religion of the father 

Kl ; and, unless under 

jcs iodceti, it was the 

-*' 1*1, and it was the 

:i^ I he conduct of 

child was brought 

laiiit oil the father, whatever 

' mirjhr be Jfe (ihe L^rd 



I *iith 



ft©* — The case of Mr. Purchas for a re- 
hearing of his appeal taken up by ihe Judici d 
Committee of the Privy Council, Petition dis* 
missed with costs. 

— The Paris forfi of I&sy and Vanvca 
bombarded by batteries opened at Bas Meudoii 
and MoulineauK, Skirmishing alao took place 
on the north side between troops at Clichy and 
those massed on the plain of Genncvillers, 

— Mr. Hughes' Sunday Trading Bill, 
supported by the Home Secretary, rejected by 
80 votes to 47. 

— Jane Maria Clousen, aged 17, found 
early this morning in Kid brook edane, Elihani^ 
dying from injuries inflicted by some periion 
during the night* She was removed to Guy's 
Hospital, and afterwards identified tjy her 
friemls as having lived in the capacity of a 
domestic servant with Mr. Poob, printer, 
Greenwich. On the evening of the 25ih she 
was heard to say that she then intended to 
meet her ** young man/' known to be t)ie son 
of her master, and after\*'ards apprehended 
on the charge of causing the death of Clouscn, 
She was next found in the lane about four 
o'clock by Police-constable Gun« Seeing she 
was very much injured, and blond about her 
head and face, he asked her who had injured 
her, and she said faintly, ** Oil, my poor hea 1 1 
oh, my poor head l " She afterwartis lifte^l 
her left hand and said, ** Take hold of my 
hand," at the same time turning her head lo 
the left. On giving her his hand she fell on 
her face on the ground, and said, ** Let me 
die.*' The officer again asketl hit what was 
the matter, but she made no further reply. On 
turning round he saw blootl on the ground 
near ClouseFi, her gloves being also there, and 
her hat within two feet. There were fooi- 
m » rks, b lit not of recent occurrence. H e looked 
round to see if he could see anyone, but nobody 
wa*> near. He then obtained assistance, when 
she was tnken to the surgery of Dr King, and 
thence to Guy^s Hospital. At n quarter to two 
the same morning tliis ofiTicer passed throu^jh 
the lane, but on the opposite side to that 
where he found the deceased lyings and did not 
notice her. 

fl7-- -Anticipating the probable result of a 
hostile resolution to be proposetl by Mr. Disraeli, 
Mr,Gla(lsione announces that the increase of the 
legacy and succession duties wuuld be aban* 
doncd, and aldo the pMposal for computinij 
income^ax by a j>ercenlagc, the deficiency to 
be made up by raising (he iticnme-tax from 4^/. 
to 6j, i>er I/. The I'rime Minister insisted 
that provision for the expenditure voted by the 
House must still be made, as originally intcndetl, 
on! oftr^Nsfion, without *hsfurhing tht? dntirs on 
tJtion. Mr, Disrn d 

ion of the prir^ 
...1....A. ».iv.) iiati .igjeed to voles in .."ii'i'ty m'.y 
were bound to apytrovt ol VW N^i^l wA 

\QOV 



APRIL 



187I. 



APRIL 



87. — Earl Kiml>crlcy lays on the tal>le of 
the HoubC of Lords a Hill to repress illegal 
combinations in Westmcath, by providing that 
in certain circumstances tlie districts named in 
the Hill are to be prwlaimed, and this being 
done, the LorI Lieutenant is empowered to 
suspend the Habeas Corpus Act for two years, 
and arrests may be eflected by Viceregal war- 
rants in any portion of the United Kingdom. 

— Sj^eaking in the Assembly on the plea 
for clemency put forward, M. Thiers said :— 
" Our rigour will vanish when the insurgents 
lay down their arms, excepting against those 
persons who have been guilty of crime, and 
they are not numerous. When I give orders, 
not cruel ones, but orders such as would be 
dictated by a state of war, I feel under the 
necess'ty of asking myself, of asking you, 
whether riglu is on my side. (M. Thiers was 
here interrupted by various exclamations, but 
Lc appealed to the Assembly to listen to him, 
and continued) : I give these orders wiih s<^r- 
row ; but was there ever a time when right was 
more evident than at the present ? Everyone 
knows the truth of what I say. In Tans the 
abstentions from voting at the recent elections 
show the isolation of the insurgents, while, on 
the other hand, the whole of France is with us, 
and with you, who are the free expression of 
her suffrages." 

— The marriage of the Infante Alphonse 
Maria of Spain, grandson of Don Carlos, with 
the Princess Maria des Neves of Hmganza, 
eldest daughter of I)om Miguel, celebrateti in 
the castle of Trince LiAvenstein, at Klein Leu- 
bach. The bridegroom was bom in 1841;, the 
bride in 1S52. 

— Died at Na^iles, aged 59, M. Sigismund 
Thalberg, pianist and comj>oser. 

88. — Came on in the Court of Queen's 
Bench, the case <jf Tomline v. Lowe, raised to 
test the question whether the Queen's subjects 
are not entitled to have goUl and silver bullion 
converted into coin of the realm, on applica- 
tion at the Mint. The matter came before the 
Court on demurrer to the plainlifTs declaration, 
and the substantial question was, whether the 
old common law of the realm had been set 
aside by a Roj-al proclamation. On the p-irt of 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Solicitor- 
General conceded the right to have gold l)uIlion 
Ct>ined. The Act of 1870 contained this clause: — 
" That where any perM>n brings to the Mint any 
gold bullion such bullion shall be coined and 
delivered out to such person without any charge 
for the coining." That was clear and specific, 
and therefore the right as to gold could not be 
disputed. Hut as to silver, the Act of Charles IL 
was expressly repealctl bythe Actof (ieorge I IL, 
which require<l a proclamation. The contention 
on the part of Mr. Tomline was that a procla- 
mation issued in 181 7 was still in force, and 
that under it the same right exists with respect 
to silver as with respect to gol<I. This was now 
decided o^^ainst \he />iainti/r, and so the 

/(OJ 



judgment affirmed that the public had a ri;;':t 
to take gold to the Mint ami have it coined for 
nothing, but that they had no such right in tb« 
case of silver. 

fl8. — Mr. Cowpcr Temple submitsa resolution 
in the Commons to secure the preservation of 
the unenclose<l parts of Epping Forest as an open 
space for the enjoyment of the people of the 
metropolis. Mr. I^we and Mr. Gladstone op< 
|>osed the motion, on the ground that the land 
was the property of the Crown. The Premier 
statt*d that the Government had secured 1,000 
acres of the forest as a recreation ground f€>r 
the jHiople ; but the House was not satisfied, 
and the resolution was carried by a large 
majority. 

— M. Thiers telegraphs to the Prefects 
from Versailles: — ** Our troops are proceeding 
with the works of approach toward:* Is>y. The 
batteries on the left have been worked wiih 
jx)werlul effect against the Pare d'lssy, which 
IS ni) longer habitable by those who dwelt there. 
Fort Issy fires no longer. On the right our 
cavalry, scouring the country, came upon a 
band of insurgents. The klaireurs of the 70th 
Regiment, comm.onded by Captain Santolini, 
routed this band, and brought in prisoners the 
ca' tain, lieutenant, quartermaster, and ten uien. 
Thirty or forty men were killed or wounded. 
The remaining insurgents were pursued almost 
to Ilautes Hruyeres, Notwithstanding the 
heavy fusillade, we liave no losses to deplore:*' 

— Virulent outbreak of small-pox in Ilamp- 
stead district ; the report presented to the Vestiy 
to-da^, showing 92 uirths against 2 10 deaths, 
171 of which were attributable to the disease 
named. 

— The Commune distinguishes itself by two 
decrees — out, ** re<|uis.itioning " 80,000/. from 
five railway companies within forty-eight hours ; 
another directing that the church erected on the 
sunt N\hcre General Hrea was munlered in 184S 
Jiidl be destroyctl, **as it is a permanent insult 
to the vancpiished of June." (See June 23, 
184S, p. 254.) 

I 89. — The Freemasons of Paris muster in 

I foice in the Louvre, and march first to the 

Column of the Hastille and then along theboule- 

vards towards Versailles, where they intended 

to sei'k an audience of NL Thiers to ask his 



mediation in favour of the Commune. Shells 



fa ling h«'avily at the moment in the Champs 
' Elystes the procession got broken up, and 
only a few reachtnl Versailles. They were 
there told that France could not yield to in* 
surgcnts. 

29. — Party riot at Whitehaven, the lecturer 
Muij^hy, announced to speak on the "Con- 
fessional," bein^ attacked by Catholic miners 
and seriously injured. 

— Died at Edinburgh, Samuel Halkctt. 
a linguist of acknowledged reputation, and 
librarian lo Vhe I'^cvdV^ oiAdvocatca. 



MA Y 



«„^,1 J-1r..-. 






- the 



Magr I- — After * debate protractcfl tUl near 

r A.M.. 'If. >ruitlt\ moii<in, *' Timt il is incx- 

it»c-lAjt 5thouIJ be increaAed 

:i>ht«?*l in thcfifiaticnl pro- 

1 by 

IE. f 

Mr. GLid* 

n mctit luid 

iii ci( ihcir caitccs&ion5» Mr, 

^i the ^f>€om*?-t!ix as a third 

i>e of war» 

lied with, 



-'■ml Exhibttion, Koyal 
ic Prince of Wales as 



55 



— MkbacI Tor pcy convicted of the diamond 
(M>c-xv ill Htrlelcy Street, and sentenced tw 
iuil servitude* 

trM-rs atiAck and cany the 

A within the railway 

(in:; the Fort of Issy* 

TitLi Wi jj iuu J I ncountcrs w h ich 

btl ]pet takei it was said, as 

|0O being bay Mil Li oi m u>u ^uclosure. 

S.-'Tbe Wdtmeaih Peace Preservation Bill 
lOii % tflcond time in the House of ix>n1s, Lord 
Slfiiibilfy flc&cribing ihc main error of the Ex- 



wi^i^ (' 




i't\t as the application of 
re formed for a civilized 
lion, part of which was in 
r i^nu lie would invest the 
I'c power* to deal with tliis 
1 lie had to deal with Indians, 

in th<^ rJerman Parliament on 

ration of Abace and 

ck said that on the 

, t.v -, ihe French Ambas- 

rac an uUiniatuin demanding 

^!Aycncc to France, and tcU- 

14UVC, to expect an immc- 

>A ar It was oidy the illncvs 

; V l'i then prevented 

1 4 the late war 

,.; : ...L .:j> proposals* In 

weic aiked to content our- 

f if the war and the razing 

ot (wilisfy us. It was 

; Ll from which France 

' ' " ^ ^^the^ 

jiral- 

.... ^. -^ L ..-- 1 Stale 

nftosed neither the power nor 

■rvTve itf ncntTility m case of 

itc Alsace 

- rnic- aic Jtvcrtion of , 



the population of Alsace and Lorraine is on 
obstacle to such a measure. Still, the popiila- 
lion is thoroughly German, forming a sort of 
aristocracy in France by virtue of its noble and 
Teutonic qualities. We shall strive to win 
back to us this population by means of Teutonic 
patience and love." 

3. — Mr. Jacob B right's Worn en *s Disabililie* 
Bill rejected, on the proposal for a second read. 
i"gi by 220 to 157 votes. 

— A telegram from Bombay stA(e?t that news 
had been received from Zanzibar describing 
Dr. Livmgstone as alive and well at Manakoxo, 
but destitute, 

— Five youths drowned in Hartlepool Bay 
by the upsetting of a pleasure-boat in a sudden 
squalL 

— Versailles troops tmdcr General Lncretelle 
carry the redoubt of Moulin .Saquet in the even- 
ing, killing 150 Communists and making over 
300 prisoners. 

4-. — A motion submitted In the Commons by 
Mr. Torrens to fix the incomc-Tax at 5*/. instead 
of Gii, rejected by 294 to 24S voles. 

S.^Dted at his residence, Devon shire^place, 
aged 86, George Thomas John Nugent, Mar- 
quis of Westmeath, an Irish represent at ive 
peer, and I he last survivor, it was though l, of 
the expctiilion to Egypt against Napoleon L 

©.^Vicc-Chanccllor Malins gives judgment J 
in the ctise of Macbryde v. Eykyn, a suit heard 
to recover from the defendant, Mr. Roger Ejkyn, 
M.P* for Windirior, 10,200/. Spanish Pas.MV* 
Bonds, and two sums of 400/, and 500/., which, 
according to the defcndnnt's stritemenr, had 
been lost in the course of transactions wiih the 
plaintiff *s husband, Mr. C. W^ilson Macbrydc, 
m speculations on the Stock I'Vthange, Bill 
dismissed with costs. 

— Collision off Tyncmouth between the 
steamer Dazfid Burn^ (*ut on a trial trip, aiul 
ibe Earl Percy. The former sank soon after- 
wards. 

— Herat reported to have fallen to-day, 
Futteh Khan, ttie Governor, killed, and hb sou 
wounde<l. 

— The High Joint Comtnissioners at New 
York, having met thirty-seven times, conclude 
their labours by signing a treaty providing for 
the estaldishment of two boards of arbitration — 
one to consider the Ahhanui and similar 
claims which will be recognized as national, 
and be settled on the principle of respon- 
sibility for depredations where Government 
has not exercised the utmost possible dili- 
gence and precaution to prevent the fitting 
out of privaicers \ the other will consider 
miscellaneous claims of both sides, conliued 
principally to those arising out of the civil war. 
No claims arising out of the Fenian invasion of 
Canada will be admitted. AW U^\t\TOa,it w>U<m 
c/a/n>s Will be considered^ cxce:^^ \XvMfc ^ 

I rtfish ribj-c*s domiciled itv 0\e Sciu\.\\. T^t 



1 



MAY * 



r is^otel 






- . «:.: :c2ce. 

•-. ."x: :r. ny 

i : - r. : o: r y 
j : • ::< :rj-. f. c 



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■.'.:.: »rl :hu roUc 

-*. ..*»:. c •.■•::". 3 1 i: fel.r.y. 
■ . ^>-..- -. •. i K .cch-vs. I 

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• > •■ V !:".:::.! icl' n. -■ s 



" * . • " -. •■•-•' ^ • ' ; .vkj: cl ::..- 

"v" • • .• . ; . ^ . ' - . . . ' • ^ •••" "*•/> ^i crime ; znd I r.i'i 

**'** •• • • v . ^ • ■' ' • ■' • - ' -.: •••■•■ > / * .* i ■'•j '^ that wli.rc ihe pr.- t 

II..,. I \"^- ••- • -^ ' '^'v -u:.::v.i:tJ to a jurv i> prw-.-f • f 

•'••• »•• ,.. I," '" ,* ; • ■'•;•■ ' ; '*'■• - ' . . r.: ... 1 I *'*- -^'^""* commiN.i.,n of crime, it is not lie 

•^*'> '•• i...".. ,,• '','.'"",•■■•;/'-> J«>*'.:^vV.-'. ' ^••:r^'"'''"'"=*^' »<^ ^•i-'^r'o the panics with c .p. 

' • / '"• "• '" "■•^' 'v.x;,;.y j^^;;: j >i 'Mr)- to comma it.'^ Cumin- to lie act;:al 



^t^ niyiinst the dcfen- 
efficient to stamp 
^ ctf, aiUiough they 
• v icionious intention. 
t'-% to tlic ladicA* rooms 
jitiA uiiici (»uMic pUccs was an 
hhhch ihc Legislature mt^!it justly viMt 
ft! ''--cnt. Ha lortlship sub- 
Hart and Fi-skc .should 
lAiid, it At ail '* tt is 
vcr/' he cuntinueU, *' lo see how all 
The pt^licc Iiftit Lakeu up I he 
whole cour&c ami conJuct of it 
pmiun 1 have »lwAys ciUcriained 
ly '■■' ' .■■■i-i'- ...r> - ',mor to 

rs, and 

PHwn aiul Fistkc ; they llicn went 

»n«i, without any authority, 

>» ai rented them aiwi 

ul here along with 

■J , ■•' '" ■ them before 

I »t >; y arc tried 

oi^i^- r an alleged 

no i.stmacKiiun n^hatcver with 
art/' A wcond in'liclment a|Ljtiin«;t 
mti " ' ' 'i; 

I ill u.- ...-. ,....,,.. .....J „^.^ ..w^*».^J 

I rccogniMOccs. 

^Jlii!!^ motion, **That it is expe- 

[>rac'Lcablc period, to 

L'd by the disesiablish* 

uPiuich, by the Act of 1869, 

E established by law in the 

' ' hv J 74 to 89 votes. 

an, Mr. Disraeli 

Hl K*nt of the Church 

\ tavtiivel the disestablish tnent of the 

[ in Sciitlarut and in En^daad. But, 

|Jy, llwr uouniry was not governed by 

waA |jo\enied by rhetoric, and not 

^ici wi«f it Wi)uld have been ent^ed 

I Uicti<»t of leading communities* 

fligicici reriirthi-nied more fully the 

\ llian the EstahlisheilChiiinh. 

, he hft'1 rtlway* believed ihaf^ 

I rcli^ioiii peoj.jlc. 

:rn* wc wcic how 

^ ' And when 

-t fly to the 

a!'-- a learned 

ifid lIic consolation of 

ki the f'hurch. If the 



A of iucccfis. Let 

, temperate, and 

Mudld then be truly 

h^ eiprr*ied a strong 

I' n, in 
[uircd 

ti, .... ^ ,. cnt 10 

iiprcsMOti created by the Home 
_ tS ttiCT* 9ppnnid (he motion only j 



ing it. — In closing the debate. Mr. Gladstone 
assured the House that Ihc Govemraer% in 
opposing the motion, did not Imiil: that oppo* 
St lion to Ihc present moment or Imisc it on 
merely temporary grounds. If the movcineiu 
represented by the Liberation Society had re- 
ceived any recent impulse, it was partly from 
embittered coniroveriiefi in the Church, and 
parity also from the unfortunate error of those 
who insisted upon treating the case of the 
Church of Ireland entirely with reference (o 
the iheory of establishments, and not with 
reference to the broad, substantial arguments 
and facts upon which the Church of Lngland 
was so strong- The Church of England waii 
tiut a foreign Church — it was not a Church 
which, like the Church of Ireland, was imposed 
H\u-m Ireland and maintained there by extrinsic 
ptiwer, but it was, whatever else it might be, 
the growth of the history and traditions uf the 
Country ; it had cxi-sted from a |>eriod bhorlly 
after the Christian era, and for 1,300 years had 
never ceased to be the Church of the country; 
it Imd been in t-very age. as it was still, deeply 
rooted in the heart of the people, and inter- 
twined with the local habits and feelings 

0,— The cases of small- pox in Lonlon during 
the past week rose to 28K, the liighcst weekly 
number during the present epidemic, and 
almost three times as high as in any of the 
preceding epidemics during thirty-one years. 

— Fort Issy captured by Versailles troops 
after a bombardment continued o%'er eight 
days. A large quantity of ammunition and 
artillery were found within the fortresa. 

— Eliza Jane Cook, a young married 
woman in straitencfl circumstances, throws two 
of her children and herself into the Lea at 
Qapton. A little girl was rescued, but the 
mother and boy were drowned. 

10, — Dissension among the Communist 
leaders, the firvt Committee of Public Safety 
being dismissed to-day, and another appointed 
in its place. Commander Kosscl, charged with 
the provisional title of Delegate of War, 
wrote that he felt himself incapable of con- 
tinuing the responsibility of a commandaiil 
where everyone wislied to deliberate, and no 
nne to obey. Delescluze succeeded to the post 
of Delegate of War, 

— Professor lluxlcy carries a motion at the 
I^ndon School Hoard, ** That measures be 
taken to ascertain whether any, and if so, what 
charitable or other endowments in the I>on<lou 
tscbo'd ilistrict ought to lie applied, wholly or 
in narl, to the augmentation of the school 
funo/' The Professor took occasion to censure 
tlic manigeracnt of Christ's Mospiial in having 
S4> fnr dcpflrleil from the wishes of ihose who 
founded the charity a* 'o make it an educational 
instilutitm fur children tielcm^ng to Ihc middle 
classes and negl'xitng the chddren of the ptior. 

— Found dead *m Vivs bcv\, >IV:L'iw-C>tr^^ 
Sii John Douglaa, C.B., oomw^MivVit^ 

C X 



I 
I 

I 
I 
I 
I 



.v.tv 



iS-i. 



MAY 



\ 



Ca?alry [>rigarif at AMersYiot, and who had 
fjcn much service in the Crimea 

11 - Came on in the Court of Common Pleas, 
Vicforc Lor«! Cliief Justice Bovill and a jury, the 
p;i^anlic case of Tichburnc f. Lushin^lon, oc- 
ripying under one form or another the Courts 
at \Ve>iun lister for the gr^-aier part of two years. 
Involving estates said to \ye worth 24.000/. a 
year, with a barrmetcy altacht-d, and dcpcmling 
mainly on evidence l)roiijjht fonvard to identify 
the Claimant with the long-lost heir, the case 
fxciled the keenest public interest, and for a 
lime in yjcial circles put aside events of even 
.•nlional imp^irtance. The declaration stated 
that the plaintiff suetl Franklin Lushington, as 
tenant of the trustees of the infant Alfred 
loscph, to recovtr possession of the mansion 
known as 'richbomc House, in the county of 
Southami)ton. He claime<l to be the son of Sir 
!ames I.)uuj;iity Tichborne, the younj^cst of 
tiiree i)rollicrs, of whom the first died, the 
second to<jk the estates ami died, leaving a 
tlanghlcr, Miss Kate Doughty. The pronerty 
was settled on the male line, and on the death 
of the second brother, witiiout male issue, 
pa.sse«I to the youngest brother James, who in 
Augu-t 1827, married Harriette Fclicite Sey- 
mour, a French lady and a Roman Catholic, 
mother of Sii Roger Tichiwme, l)orn on the 
5ih of January, 1829. On the 4th of Septem- 
ber, 1839, another son was born— James, who 
subsenucniiy die<l, leaving a posthumous child, 
Alfrcii Jo^c]jh, who was the infant in possession 
of tiie estates. Sir Roger was brought up for 
severftl years in Paris, and received instruction 
])rinci])ally from a tutor named Chatillon. In 
1845 '^^ went to Stonyhurst; was there for 
three years, and in Oct(>l)cr 1S49, obtained a 
commission in the Carbineers, at that time in 
Ireland, and remained with his regiment three 
years an<l a half. At this time Sir Roger was 
light and slim in form, and extremely narrow 
m the clu st ; his pleasures, manners, and 
pursuits were those of a gentleman ; he was 
lond of music ; he was connected with the 
Seymours and the Townleys, and he visited 
at Sir Clifford Constable's, at Lord Camoys*, 
and Lord Aruntlel of Wardour's ; he was 
acquainted with the Radcliffes and some of 
the best families in the kingdom. In 1S50 
and 185 1 he was a good deal at Tichborne, 
visiting his uncle Sir Kdward, who had taken 
the name of Doughty, and whose daughter, 
Kate, was about Roger's age. Roger l>ecame 
very much attached to his cousin, and during a 
visit at Christmas 1 85 1 the attachment was 
<liscoveretl . 1 1 was d isa]>pro ved by Sir ICd ward, 
and an angry scene ensued, which led to Roger 
suddenly leaving Tichborne, with a resolve to 
^o abroad. In January 1S52 he made his will, 
.md deposited a sealed packet with a gentleman 
named Gosfonl, an intimate and confidential 
friend, containing certain private wishes and 
intentions to he carried out if he lived. Roger 
then went to Pars to visit his parents, and at 
t/jeir earnest entrcMty postponed the carrying 



out of his design. But in December 1852 
he had m:ule up his mind to go to SoaA 
America for a year and a half, and wrote lo 
his parents to that effect. He also wrote to 
his cousin Kate that he hoped in three yean 
to be uni*ed to her, and to another consB, 
Mrs. Green woo<l (who lived near Tichhone), 
tliat lie hoped she would write to him, ud 
that he should be always happy to answer bcr 
letters. With these intentions Roger sailed fbr 
Stmth America, having one Moore as his valeL 
He arrived at Valparaiso in Tune 1S53, aid 
spent some months in travelling about the 
country. Here he heard of the death of liii 
uncle. Sir Edward ; but l)eing desirous of funbcr 
travel he communicated with his mother aod 
friends at Tichborne, and sent home two lik^ 
nesses of himself, produced in evidence. About 
the 20th of April, 1854. he embarked at Rio 
In the Bella ; on the 26th a part of the wreck 
of the vessel was picked up, and the ship vas 
never heard of again, nor any of the crew. The 
agents of Messrs. Glyns, Roger's bankers it 
Rio, lieard of the loss of the vessel, and wrote 
to his family that he had embarked on boud 
of her. For thirteen years nothing more was 
"heard of Roger Tichborne. The will wai 
proved by Mr. Gosford, his executor, theseakd 
packet was opened and destn>yed, and a suit vil 
instituted in which legal proof was given of his 
loss and death. The underwriters paid a heavy 
insurance on the vessel, and tlie owner never 
heard anything of the crew. The story of 
the Claimant was that he was picked up, with 
eight of the crew, about the 26th of April, and 
carrieil to Melbourne, where, he said, they were 
landed on the 24th of July, 1854 ; that on the 
day he landed he went with the captain to the 
Custom-house, and that the next oay, leaving 
the wrecked sailors on board the ship, he 
went into the interior, where he resided for 
thirteen yeais under the name of Castro, this 
being, it was contended in defence, an alias 
for Arthur Orttm, a butcher belonging to Wapp- 
ing, who was known to have been at \Vagga 
Wagga at this time. Unwilling to belie\-e in 
the loss of her son, the Dowager I^dy Tich- 
borne advertised rewards for his discovery in 
various quarters, and one of them coming under 
the notice of one Cubitt. at Sydney, a friend of 
Gibiis, an attorney at Wagga Wagga, then act- 
ing in the bankruptcy of Castro, word was sent 
home to the Dowager, in December 1866, that 
her son was alive and well, at a place 600 
miles from Sydney. Through- the inter\'enlion 
of Gibl)s and Cubitt the Claimant raised funds 
to proceed to England at the close of the year. 
He went, however, not direct, but by way 
of New York, and not to Paris, where the 
Dowager was awaiting him, but to England. 
He arrived on Christmas Day 1866, and the 
first visit he made was to W'apping, for the 
purpose of making inquiry regarding the 
Orton family. He afterwards visited Tich- 
borne secretly, and was taken over the house 
and grounds. At Paris the Dowager made 
mflidavu, ihav. s\\« leooiQmie^ ^^ OuxdasX %s 



IS/K 



MA\ 



|L-,I4[WIiJ! If] 



I %i R'Ji?er ; but ber death deprived the 

. op{>ori unity lor cross-examl- 

i, however, annn^l to allow 

pej annum till his claim could be 

In an interview wilh Gosford, the 

:Rtatl« n- -'^■■- ■- ' •* - ' '■ i,er, 

ithcyconv ^]y 

I the l>«jwag??r was 

\ Wtn, 1 t\y al(J ncrvanis and 

^s well a.*tnTop<rrs in the 

r now ihe ^^r^t witnesses 

I he idcntily of the diiimaiit. 

-Y\m\ Trcntf of Peace signed between 
scr 2nd Germ^njr- 

PtH It ColHngwootl, ntiir Ifawkhurst, 

-If Juhn R W, Hcnichcl, the 

rd of inorlcm aslmnoniers, 

ncrii Ti.ok pbce on the iSih in WcsA- 

^ Abbe^, innrcsencc of a great company 

The place selected for the 

neat was vu^a the gntve of Sir Isaac 

► Tb© properly of M, Thiers seized by the 

■Botie^ A decree issued this morning set 

tint " Tlie Comriiittcc of Public Safety, 

4fv: '*;flt the procljinmlion of M. Thiers 

will not bombard Paris, 

n and childri*n fall vic- 

I 1o iric ir J.1 r ■ ' ■ '' ■^ '. ' 'V\r.% 

ami tliat It msik' ler 

v±i\-. { ., ;.: :_ ...^ to 

; iiUtion by JVm ,- of arms, 
iiid property of \l, Thiers 
f the Aditiinistrntion of the Domains, 
i%e in the Place St Gcoi-ges he 
I onlaine, De- 
I icn, Dol<-;^te 
^cd with the 
ii decree." In 
i%€ A ;^ demanded a 

vote of Ci>i^«Jli i>cc from the A&scmVJy, punted 
^f 495 <*> *o vuirt, (See Fck 9lh, iJi;!), 



tm_Dbd a I 
of * 



l 89, M. Aul>er, 
" and forty othei 



'" '' — * ' *^ -ion reverse a formei 

>vu as the **Para* 

l)r. Slew art Uable 

iic b U, tlticrty on the ground 

it h)^d ^>een i^ct frt>m him 

had acknow- 

month 3i after- 

__ ^ - ..,■--, ,.: ^, his bfniher to 

I ibe aflKntnt of the bdl iroa\ fund> he had 
in the Ikink of ScotLind. MAlamc 
Lfmdi waft in the wimess-box foe Bve hours, 

it in ihfc 
•m Ktir* 
* -^"^lon 

lire 



W 



lA.— Mr. Muntx's amendment on the Army 
Bill, designed to limit its o|H*raiion to regula- 
tion prices, and to leave over-regulation and the 
bonus system untouched, rejected by 260 to 
195 votes, 

— The Pope Issues a Brief directed 
against the professois in the Roman University 
who had prescnt&i an address to Dr. Dollinger 
*'ovcrdovvinu wilh errors, blasphemy, and un- 
belief." His Holiness urged upon pnrochitil 
priests the necessity of restraining the young 
from attending the lectures of such professors, 
and of opposing, at the pame tim^ the torrent 
of unbelief into which they were likely to be 
driven. 

lO.^Destniction by the Commune of (he 
Vend6me Column, erected by Napoleon 1., 
principally of cannon taken at Ulm, to com- 
memorate the victory of Austcrliiz in 1805. 
It was covered with 425 bronze plaques, 
moulded in bas-relief to display the chief inci- 
dents in the Austrian campaign of that year. 
They were each 3 feet 8 inches high,' and 
formed a continuous band, enclosing the 
column twenty-two limes as it circled to the 
top, the entire length of the spiral being 8*fO 
feet. Instead of ChaHemtj,me, as at first iti- 
tended, it was surmounted by a staFue of the 
First Napoleon m a Roman costume and crowned 
with laurcL After several postponements it 
was brought to the ground this afternoon in the 
presence of many thousands who had waited 
for hours to witness the spectacle. Owing 1<> 
some engineering difficulties in cutting through 
the column at the base, it could not be brought 
down at the time originally fixed. The mem- 
bers of the Commune were in-italled in all their 
stale in the balconies of the Etat Major of t?ie 
National Guani and of tlie Minister of Justice, 
on the Place Vendftme, to witness the affair. 
Sentinels were posted about half way down the 
Rue de la Paix to prevent the crowd from ap- 
proaching too close, as up to the last nimncnt 
accidents were feared. After a good deal of 
intermittent drumming and tmnipe<ing, Jind 
caracoling backwards and forwanls of officers 
on horseback, anil the continual ascent and 
descent of workmen— now of the column, tmw 
of its pedestal simply — and sundry flourishes of 
red flags, at about half-past five the rtipes were 
tightened, and it was evident the end was at 
hand. Suddenly the column was observed to 
lean funvard towards the Rue dc la Paix, then 
finally to fall, with a dull heavy thud, raiding, 
as it did so, an immense cloud of dust, liefore 
it touche<l the ground it separotetl into three 
parts by its own weight, and on rt aching the 
bed of dung and fiiggots ^prrad to receive it, 
broke into at least thirty pieces. The statue of 
Napoleon, on reaching the grountl, broke off 
from it^ pedestal At the ankles, then at the 
knees, the waist, and the neck, while the iron 
railings which ' ' ' nit of the 

monument wt ^\i^:rt\\^ 

after the cuUvut,. i..., .,,,,., .,•- A^Acit^ ^ 






MA y 



1871. 



MAY 



wreck, hut were not permitted to take away 
•iiy of the fragments. 

17.— Sir Wilfred Lawson^s rennis«ive Bill 
thrown out on the proixjaal for a second read- 
ing by 196 to 124 votes. 

— Explosion of a cartridge factory in the 
Avenue Repp, Paris, causing the death of over 
fifty |>eople employed in the works. In the 
present disordered condition of the city, this 
calamity was at once attributetl to treachery, 
and various citizens were arrested on sus- 
picion. 

— The Commune threaten the lives of 
the Archbishop of Paris, and other hostages, 
Urbain, formerly a schoolmaster, who had in- 
stalle<l himself, with his mistress, in the Mairie 
of ITie Seventh Anondissemcnt, demanding 
that ten of the number shouM be shot within 
twenty-four hours, in retaliation for the alleged 
murder of a woman attached to one of the 
Commune ambulances. 

18. — In an unusually crowded house, Mr. 
Disraeli calls attention to the *' general con- 
duct" of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Reviewing the various changes in the Budget, 
and the irregularities as regards the house-tax 
and tea duties with which it had been accom- 
panied, he complained that the Government 
tiad vouchsafed no explanation of the reasons 
why they abandoned their first proposals, 
and threw the whole burden of the year on 
direct taxation, and especially on that particular 
tax which the highest authority had declared 
to be a most unpopular tax, and one which 
most severely pinched the poor middle classes. 
Mr. Lowe briefly replied, complaining that Mr. 
Disraeli had played ofT a practical joke upon 
him by threatening a general indictment of his 
financial policy, and sinking into a criticism of 
a few small isohte<l points, which he described 
as the " veriest pedantries of finance." 

— In Committee on the Army Regulation 
Bill, Colonel Anson moved an amendment on 
Clause 2 with the object of permitting the 
purchase of Exchanges. Mr. Cardwell, in 
opposing it, explained that it was not intended 
to prevent exchanges, but merely to prohibit 
money passing in such transactions, except the 
payment of travelling expenses. To make an 
exception in favour of ** exchanges" would be 
to strike at the abolition of purchase. After 
considerable debate the amendmcni was nega- 
tived by 183 to 146. 

19. — Prince Arthur falls through a window, 
imperfectly fastened, in the billiard-room of 
Mari borough House, and is slightly injured in 
the head and foot. 

— The Commune issues a decree suppres* 
sing additional newspapers, and declaring that 
all adverse criticism on its proceedings will be 
treated with the rigour of martial law. 

— M. Rochefort arrested at Means and talcen 
Hcf VermuDes, 

1008 



19. — The Dutch iron steaniship IViS'am 
II I. ^ intended to open up a new trade betweai 
Holland and Java, burnt in the Channel 

SO. — Fire at Woolwich B.irracks, the whole 
of the block forming the offices of the Quarter- 
master-General, the Brigade-Major, the Bar- 
rack Control Department Clerk's offices and 
stores being destroyed. 

91. — Afler a siege extending over nine 
weeks, the Versailles troops this (Sunday) 
afternoon succeed in entering Paris by the 
St. Cloud gate at Point du Jour, and by the 
gate of Montrouge. Captain Treves, an officer 
of the navy, crept up quietly from the trenches 
to the rampart at the Point du Jour. To his 
astonishment he found the insui^nts had re- 
tired. He immediately called up 300 sailors, 
who took possession of the gate. Other troops 
followed up, and before anyone really felt 
that the affair had commenced, it was all over. 
Not a rifle was fired at this point, nor was there 
a single man wounded. The insurgents at once 
run up a white flag over the Autenil gate, but 
took occasion to strengthen a position of some 
importance they had taken up on the Arc de 
Triomphe. The division of General Donay 
entere<l by the gate of St. Cloud, and occupied 
the salient between the ramparts and the via- 
duct. Here there was a second bastion of con- 
siderable solidity. The soldiers entered the 
half-ruined barracks and casemates, and made 
prisoners of a number of insurgents whom they 
found concealed there. Immediate preparations 
were then made for the advance right and left, 
but as the enemy was still keeping up a fire 
from 7-pounders and mitrailleurs, along the 
bastions between Vaugirard and Montrouge, a 
regular assault of these positions by the division 
under General Cissey was determined utx>n. 
On the left General Ladmirault took tho gates 
of Passy and Auteuil, and then still keeping to 
the left seized the Arc de Triomphe. General 
Vinoy, entering by the Point du Jour, passeil 
the Seine, and opened the gate of Sevres to 
General Cissey. By two o'clock General Cissey 
was master of the Faubourg St. Germain as far 
as Mont Parnasse, and General Clinchant 
was at the New Opera I louse. In the Assembly 
M. Thiers said : — "The slight resistance we 
have met with warrants us in hoping that Paris 
will soon be restored to its true sovereign — to 
France. We are honest men. We will \Tsit 
with the rigour of the law those men who have 
been guilty of crime against France, and have 
not shrunk from assassination or the destraction 
of national monuments. l*he laws will be 
rigorously enforced. The expiation shall be 
complete." 

93.— M. Thiers reports to the Prefects tha* 
the Assembly has now 80,000 soldiers within 
Paris. " General Cissey," he said, " has takep 
up his position from the railway station at 
Mont Parnasse to the £co]e Militaire, omI is 
proceeding along the left bank towards tke 
Tuileries. Generals Dooay and Vinoy are en* 
.dosing the Tiutedeh thft 1jciiKvte« and the 



I.^l- 



MA r 



\ Teadfttnt', tn niYf (?r ^Qbceqnently to atl- 



■pori 



die 1 
.Ceae^ 



hta. 



Villc. General 
iiiclf master of llie 

'I he 

at 

... ..„ ,. -....., Ing 

I til two divisions, 

m^ the movctnenl 

lAcn NcuiUy, Le 

^% and is attacking 

■ lis 






T 

Qf div; .,. - . . --- :. - i^ry 

foriopinc ihAt, if the struggle is not 

I t»-dnf » it "wnH be nvcr hy to-morrow at 

Vim x" ' time. Whh 

ivpet I tt is tmpos- 

Sble to sv\ iric nwmiicr5» nmt iiicy nre consi^le- 

nyUc TheuiBf, oa the conirnn. ii y ri2<i 
M t«f7«lt«fbt liv« " Alxnit 6 I'.-M , .-L t.onj 
draiUj gs' '1 that the tricolour fl.ig 

•isllieil « tlie Butter Montmartrc 

nd ^ht NortUcra Kailw-ay Station, These 
ijBJjiye pociti firere carrie^i by the troops of 
G< nil all I iiltiiii mil and Clinchant, who cap* 
Ididl Ipetwisn 3,000 and 3,000 prisoners. 
Qeuetml rio*i-i7 t'lok the Church of the Trinity, 
lad " "on the Ma.iTie in the Rue 

Dim . J.3. Cis!^ey and Vlnoy advanced 

luWinit Ihc M"tcl de Ville and the Tuilcries, 
The lo«»« of the in5'tr;;rn*ij up to this lime 
v«fe |mt down at I2|<x» kifled and wounded, 
and ?5,aoQ prisoners. 

news from Paris was that 

u-Jd out at the barricades 

•I ihe Place Veni nic» and the Place de la 

Coocorde l^ter in the day the startling in- 

is spread abroad that the Loiivre 

Tuilrric* had been set on tire bv the 

[1. The Commune, it appeared, de- 

to keep its promise of penshing tii a 

Nnf |«(rvMi, nnd iTnd**rri canopy *>f rtjme, fired 
ftr -iinthiit 

Li ere now 

J The 

B^ u wrote, 

B; id Hame, 

\ n vcr liccu wuiic^aed since the 

w, and amiil a ronrof cannon, 
_: of pro- 
ry from 
^ "A 
iMe to 
. blue as 
lever ^e(i, a iUn of burpiisinu briU 
I fur Paris Rcarcelva breath of wind 

cd 

ilntlR- ..-...- .. .-... -; ...- ^- ■• I'lr 

pioNiblf die Uut time - but tn a ti>i/cn s^M%, 
«0 bolli wkH uf The bri fje«, iheet^ uf lUutc 
ml Bwfol volum- riie to the ^ky aiut 
pittitlt^ o4p««u I of (he mn. As 
vdlaivtonr. Lime And 

idnolce mlttoiz » ^ TuiJc- 

ne% lh# i^ Aj ftova/. 




Everyone b now crying ont, * 1 he Pn'tai* 
RoyaJ burns 1 ' and we ascertain that it docs. 
We cannot see Nolra Dame or the f[ijtcl Diea, 
Tt 15 probable thit botl^ arc fast becoming 
ashes. Not an instant pa-'^ses without an ex- 
plosion. Stones and timber and iron are Hying 
tiigh into the air, and falUuii to tl\e earth with 
horrible i:ra$hes- The very trees are on fire. 
They are crackling, and their leaves an<l 
branches are like tinder. The liuildinjjs in the 
Place de la Concorde reflect the flames, and 
every stone in them i^ like bright fT'^ld. Mont- 
martre is still outside the circle of the flame ; 
but the litile wind that is blowing carrie* the 
smoke up to it, and in the clear hetavcnsit rises 
black as Milton^s Pandemonium. The new 
Of>era House is as yet uninjiircd ; but the 
5mokc encircles it, and it will be next to a 
miracle if it escapes. We see clearly now thnt 
the Palais de Justice, the Sain I e Chapel I e, the 
Prefecture of Police, and the Hotel de Ville 
arc all blazing without a possibility existing of 
any portion ol any one of them bein^ saved 
from the general wreck and ruin." Exaspera- 
ted at the success of the Versailles troops, the 
Commune in the afternoon seemed fully deter- 
mined to fire, with petroleum, as much of the 
capital as they had in their possession. One 
order found on a National Guard, set forth that 
** The citizen delegate commanding the bar- 
racks of the Chateau d'Eau, is invited to give 
the bearer the cans of mineral oil necessary for 
the chief of barricades of the Faubourg du 
Temple. Signc*!, Hrunel, Chr< de Legion.** 
In the evening, about nine o'cjck, and when 
they had possession of only a small part of the 
city in the east, the Commune posted up the 
last of its long series of decrees. No. 39S — 
*' Destroy immediately every house from the 
wimlows of which there has been firing on the 
National Guard, and shoot all the inh.T,bttant3 
if they do not give up and execute the authors 
of the crime. As many, it was sai<l, as 
12,000 were taken prisoners l>efore midnight, 
and in some quarters, where the resistance was 
especially stubborn, piles of coq>scs were built 
up near the barricades. 

ft4. — ^f assacrc of the hostages in the prison 
yanl of La Roquctte, principally at the instiga- 
tion of Raoid Rigaull, a fcri>cious profligate, 
whom the Commune had named Procarcur- 
Gentr.il, and his subordinate, Fcrrc, who had 
arrived at the prison after firing the Prtffecture 
of Police with the des^ign of burning ihc 
piisoncrs alive. About h.ilf-past seven in the 
evening, the Director of the prison ascended at 
the head of fifty Fc<lerals to the gallery, where 
the |>rincipal prisciinets were confined. An 
ofhcer went round to each cell, summoning 
first the Archbishop, and then in succession M, 
lioiijean, tlie Ablje AUird, Fathers Duonidray 
and Clair, and the Abb** Dc'guerry, Cure of 
the Mfldelcine. As the prisoneri appcaped* 
they were marched down to the rtvid rtuining 
round the privon, on crsu:\\ sv\c tA vs\\\c^\ ^4**^^ 
arranged N Miousd tjuai4^,^\vv) Tt<-t\Mtt\ v^vt^aij^ 



MA y 



1871. 



X'AY 



tivci with insults and injurious epithets. They 
were next taken into the courtyard facing the 
infirmary, where they found a firing party 
awaiting them. Mon»eigncur Darboy stc]iped 
forward, and, addressing his assassins, utitre<l a 
few woiils of pardon. **I)o not," he said, 
* profane the won! lil>erty ; it is to us alone it 
nolonjis for we shall die for lil>erty and faith." 
Two of these men approached the Archbishop, 
and, in face of their comrades, knelt before him, 
beseeching his forgiveness. The other Federals 
at once rushed upon them, drove them back 
with insulting reproaches, and then, turning 
towanls the prisoners, gave vent to most violent 
expressions. The commander of the detach- 
ment api^eared ashamed of this, and, ordering 
silence, uttered a frightful oath, telling his men 
that they were there " to shoot those people, 
and not to bully thenL" The Federals were 
silenced, and, U]V)n the order of their lieu- 
tenant, loaded their weapons. Father A Hard 
was placed against the wall and was the first 
shot down. Then M. Darboy, in his turn, fell. 
The whole six prisoners were thus shot, all 
evincing the utmost calmness and courage. 
M. Pcguerry alone exhibited a momentary 
weakness, attributable, however, rather to his 
state of health than to fear. After this tragical 
execution, carried out without any fonnal wit- 
nesses and in the presence only of a number of 
bandits, the bodies of the unfortunate victims 
were placed in a cart belonging to a railway 
company, which had been requisitioned for the 
purpose, and taken to Pere-la-Chaise, where 
they were placctl in the last trench of the 
** fosse commune" side by side, without even 
an attempt to cover them with earth. The 
bo<ly of the Archbishop was afterwanls re- 
covererl, embalmed, and laid in state. Mis 
funeral, together with that of Monseigneur 
Surat, Grand Vicar of the diocese, Father 
Dcguerry, Cure of the Madeleine, and the Kev. 
MM. Ik'court and Sabatier, the Incumbents ; 
of Notre Dame de Bonne Nouvelle ami Notrir 
Dame <ie Lorette, was celebrated, on the yih ' 
of June, in the Caihe<lral of Notre Dame, 1 
by the Papal Nuncio and four of the French 
Bishops, in the presence of the ministers of 
State, generals of the army, and members of 
the National Assembly. The two immeiliaie 
prc'lecessors of Archbishop Darboy met vith 
violent deaths — M. Sibour, assassinated by n 
priest in the Church of St. Fticnne dii Mon', 
and M. AfTrc, shot on a barricade in Junt, 
1848. 

ft5.— The American Senate ratify the Treaty 
of Washington by 50 votes against 12. 

— Inquiry at Marlborough Street Police 
Court, into the charge brought against Flora 
Davy, or Newington, of having stabbed Frede- 
rick Moon within her residence, Newton Road. 
Westlxjume Grove. Her own account of the 
tfaosaction was: — "We were sitting after 
dinner at table, and Fred made an observation 
10 me about my daughter which annoyed me 
excessively. I beji^rd him not to rrpeat it, 
loib 



for I could not stand it Mr. Moon said, M 
will say it again, and if you are not siknt I 
will fling the bottle at your head."* She 
suited that she then jumped up with a knife in 
ber hand. They struggled and fell, and she 
saw the blood pouring out but ahe could not 
tell how. 

&5 .— The summary execution of many wooen, 
in Paris, on the charge of poisoning and fire- 
raising by petroleum, caused much comment 
on the desperate measures found to be neos- 
&ary for suppressing the Commune. A cor- 
respondent of the Ttma witnessed one such 
jcene :— ** I took a walk," he writes. "do«n 
the Rue Rivoli towards the H6tcl de Ville, to 
judge of the amount of damage done, and at 
the comer of the Rue Castiglionc became aware 
of the approach of a great crowd of peo|>le 
yelling and shaking their fists. The cortege 
was headed bv a company of mounted gen- 
darmes, behind whom came two artillerymen, 
dragging l>etween them a soiled bundle of rags 
that totteretl and straggled, and fell down 
under the blows showered upon it by all 
who were within reach. It was a woman, 
who had been caught in the act of spreading 
petroleum. Her face was bleeding and her 
nair streaming down her back, from which her 
clothing had been torn. On they dragged her, 
fv)lloweii by a hooting mob, till they reached 
the comer of the Louvre, and there they prop- 
ped her up against a wall, already half dead 
from the treatment she had received. The 
crowd rangetl itself in a circle, and I have 
never seen a picture more perfect and complete 
in its details than was presented by that scene. 
The gasping, shrinking figure in the centre, 
surrounded by a crowd w-ho could scarce be 
kept from tearing her in pieces, who waveti 
their arms cr\'ing *A Teau, k I'eau !' on one 
side a barricade, still strewn with broken guns 
and hats— a dead National Guard lying in the 
fosse — behind a group of mounted gendarmes, 
and then a perspective of ruined streets and 
black eneil houses, culminating in the extreme 
I distance in the still buming Hotel de Ville. 
1 Presently two revolvers were dischaig«l, and 
I the bundle of rags fell forward in a pool of 
I blootl. The popular thirst for vengeance was 
I satisfied, and the crowd dispersed in acarch of 
I further excitement elsewhere." 

I &6. — MissBurdett Couttsgazettwl Barone:* 
' of Ilii^hgate and Brookfield in the county 
I of Middlesex. 

— Theinsurgent positionat BelleWllc stormed 
and taken after a sharp struggle. One extni- 
onlinary feature in the street fights at this time, 
w as that many of them were carrieil on with 1 
crowd of non-combatants, men, women, and chil- 
dren, asclosetothemon both sides as if the whole 
affair were a theatrical representation of a sen- 
sational melodramtitic kind, where a good dea( 
of powder and blue lights would be burnt, boi 
no bullets or lives would be spent. "In streets 
in which fighting actually occurs no one of 
course showft excc^x. c»tfv\s9LV«(v\% ««ii that 



I little aft pasBble; lying <Iow'ti — ^ t, „i t ^j-. 
liod tssttatpore barricades an 

pic \nfioyof%, as maybe >k ; j 

I, as the bullfts iktrd tltiwii 

- _-?l^ wnrlrr rnver of dftnrwavs 



; ml nght angles to i 



1 1» arc 

M-i the 

^.4yj, m ibcscg the 

Ilisc to street cfjf' 

[hon cautioiisly craning 

e, if jHji^ible, whether 



7.— H^ Kewca.«.tle engineers strike m 
jtine hours' movcincnt, about 
the works in N€wcai»tle and 

-In Pari* to-tlay, the Comnittnc is de- 
u "dying hard," the ficihting bemgr 

lly dc<perute in and arnund Belleville, 

Kiuiant, and P^*re-U'Chi\ise, Even the 

-„ ioogfU savagtly. " No uuarter was 

to air^" Trtan, woman^ or child found in 

> arrc»tj4 arc t.iking place in 

IS, and military law i-s being 

wu r :ir in aUca>e5. All 

IT ' ut up tor judg- 

_ to tKc .. .iiVi. court at the 

OdUdet:* Ttie exccaiton* now lake place at 
tlW«e kxed potnU--lhc Champ de Mars, the 
Pstfc Mt<ice«ut, and near the H6tcl dc Ville, 
Balilics^ of 04 many as 50 and too at a time 
Me ifcfff N " ' r^cr is allowed to 

IfB^ Fferifv '■ unless bcaittu; 

p ^ I her by Marshal 

bon ur the ciitcf of his st»ff. There h 
in cn'riin*^* Pnri^ but all strangers 
;tol to i I'.ion, and, if 

■PCT^ »r^ t to arrest. 

1 revaits ; all 
ijT5i^ through 
_ L- introduc^cd, 
iicalty Rcaidi*" 

'mixtion, stgned by M^irshal 

iinces the deliver? of Paris. 

y I 4fi» I " he wrote, ^ The army 

Fra««v« hM.» come to save you. Paris is 

llivrmt. Our eoldieri at four o'ch'Mik cap* 

kUt l«it povttions occupied by the in- 

To-day the slnii;i^lc ia over, and 

Jaboujr, and secttrity revive." The 

appears to have ceased aligut 3 P.M. 

s^lOts \rcre firrti from the windows at 

fri|;hlfiil s-cenea wcic said to 

I ictL The more desperate 



women nuudeTc<i, 

■■■■I'^ri for the ??Tme 



Bcult)' i 



was St re WIS with corpses. The soldiers were 
so furiou<i I hat the officers found it necessary to 
ipvarn simnocrs of the danger of incurring 
suspicion. Dombrowski died in the Hotel de 
V^illc, fri^m wounds received at a barricade fn 
the Ru' " •; and Delcscluxe fell fighting 

at the ICiui. Bi!»f»on and Tavernicr 

were l.i^.....^.. ..i;U shot. 

fi9. — M. Thiers orders the disarmament of 
Paris, and the dissolution of the National 
Guard of the Department of the Seine. 

— * Whit Monday kept, for the first ttmr^ as 
a Bank Hohd.\y, under Sir J. LuL book's Bill, 
recently passed, 

— On a petition being brought up in the 
National A&?iembly to-day relaiive lo ilic cipi* 
tulfition of Mctz:, General Cttargarnier made a 
speech in which he detailed the facts that pre* 
ceded the retre:it of the Army of the Rhine 
into that fortrc-ss and satd he must reproach 
the Commander-in-Chief with indecision and 
loss of time on that occasion, faults which led 
to the fortre^ being completely invcstefl by the 
Germans* Famine ah>ne had been ihecau-c 
of the army in Merx being reduced to powtr- 
lessnc&9. Marshal Baaaine had not been forirt- 
nate ; but the cession of Meu was neither 
preconcerted nor vohmtary. General Chati- 
gamier concluded by urging the Assembly not 
to allow an odious suspicion to rest upon gene- 
rals who were brave soldiers and honourable 
men, M« Thiers said he was happy to sec 
General Chandra rnter undertake the defence of 
one of the most valiant soldiers of France. He 
absented to the proposal for an inquiry ; which » 
indeed, had l>ccn demanded by Marshal Ba- 
zaine himself; but he left the decision upon 
this question to the Sovereign Assembly. 
General Lc Vh\ the Minister for War, then 
ascendent the tribune and said: — "The I aw 
upon this subject is most formal. Every 
Commander who sunencjcrs a fortress to the 
enemy mui>t be tried before <i CfAincil of War. 
I shall do my duty \^jth lei^ard lo all the capi- 
lidations — lht)se of Mctz and Sedan as well ;is 
the others which occurred during the war." 

— Victor Hugo expelled from Belmum 
for offering his home as an asylum to rcm^ee 
Communists. 

— Pcre ITyadnthe, writing to the Can/as, 
declares that in the recent calamities which had 
overthrown France the Church had not dune 
its duty. ** Instead of the promises and teach- 
ings of the Gospel to Oic dibinhcriled of this 
world, the Church in the notsv echoes of the 
press, and hOmetimes even by the mouth of Us 
' ■ •- p^, treated of matlers of bitter controversy 

the Pope King, the d-kKtnn ligation of in* 

mce, and the canonisattun of the Inqui^ 

stiiuu. I <)o not calumniate the political and 

ndiirio^it r*^gim*» tltal we have submitted In for 

r >^ and which is summed 

^ — * Sce^X\c\*m ^v V 4fv% \ 

i"1M ait I^MIUCU 



JUNE 



1871. 



JVSl 



30*— ** Paris," writes the 7%mm^ "thcPam 
of dvilifation, is no more. It pitted Ltf^cLf 
i^tnst Fnnre^ ami rat her Lhan be beritcn ha^ 
de-^troyc^l ilsolf^ Wc m.iy look for it, but wc 
lihall fint] its [jlacc alone. Tlii^y who hn.ve found 
(hemsclvci scores of limei nl runs, just for a 
wfck^s cbiinge^ or on their w^y to and fiSJ 
Ix'twccn tbU ami Tni>imtn,Ln or cl.iiuic lands, 
hnve lusl I he fiirest vision of iJieir lives. They 
c-in no longer iuterprul and unfold its gttjrius to 
younger mind^. All they h:ivc to make up 
f"r it, is the sciiTV boast that they ha**e si^n 
what the eye of man will never see a^iu^ for 
tweniy Ei:iii^isimann.s would only make a new 
I'aris— Taris revived, but not real or the 



Jn&v l< — Tlie morning pa pern publish ft 
letter frijui Prince Xapuk-on to Jules Favre, 
charigin^ the Republioi.i Minister and his col* 
leagues with the responsibility of almost all I he 
cvib from which France is sufTering, and point* 
ing out how much lieltcr things were managed 
imder the Empire, '*Thc Empire/' the Prince 
observed, " had committed great faults ; our 
defeats were great, but our disasters date from 
ynu* Let each bear his part. Withmit doubt 
ft was a grievoufl error to ccmnt too nnich upon 
Ihc furcei of Franc*?, and to commit in 1S70 
the fault which Prussia crommitted in 1S06 ; 
to look too much to our victories under the 
great Republic and the First Empire j to think 
too lit lie of the powerful enemy we had to 
combat ; to contemplate the Crimea in 1S54 
ami Italy in 1S59, instead of calmly looking in 
the face the German forces in J870, headed by 
remarkable men , , . For a new society a new 
symbol U required. It requires— and modem 
rii^ht wills it— the abdication of all before the 
wUl uf the peojile freely rnd directly expressetl 
Besides thii, once more 1 repeat, there b tiu- 
thing biU chaos. Faith in monarchy cannot be 
imposcvl. The only base upon which 1 Govern- 
ment in P' ranee can afBrm its principle, the only 
source from which it can draw legitimacy and 
force, i* by an appeal to the people, which we 
claim, and on which France ought to insist." 

a.— In the Tichborne trial to-day the cross- 
examination of the Solicitor-General pressed 
hird upon the Claimant as to his intimacy 
\\ith Miss Kate Doughty* He answered with 
great apparent reluctance, and prof espied for- 
ge t ful ness. The S olic i 1 r-( i encral persist o 1 , 
and directetl his questions to the subject of the 
rcaled locket left by Koj^cr Ticlibome in the 
hands of Vincent Gosforxl before he left Eng- 
land:— The Sol id tor- Genera I— In your affidavit 
made on the 14th of February, 1S6S, you say 
you gave Gosford " special in struct ions to hold, 
and not to open the same, except on two events, 
one of which I know has not happened, and 
the other I hope has not happened," What 
was the event yoa knew had not happened ?— 
My returning before Miss Doughty's marriage, 
Do you swear that ? — I canH swear, 1 don*t 
Jkaow whM ialludr4 to when 1 jworc tlic affi- 



davit* Do you mean to tell the jury that ^ 
did not know which of those events had dqI 
happened ? — It must have been my retHTB 
before Mi^^ Dnughty't marriage; It that whit 
you swear? — I may have meant my deatlv 
which has not happened. (Laughter.) WkU 
was the event which you hoped had not hap^ 
pened? — If I am called upon to itate by the 
Solicitor^ General, it must be on liis ovu 
head. I have written the object of the scaled 
packet in a paper which I have handed doiF& 
What was the event which you hoped had not 
happened ? — Will you look at that docnmeni? 
I ask you what was the event which you hoped 
had not happened ? The witness said the qu9< 
tion ought not to he put to him^ «nd that it was 
not for his own sake that he objected toanswrr; 
btit ujwn the question being again repelled he 
answered, *'Tbc confinement of Miss Doughty." 
Do yovL mean to swear before the Judge aad 
jury that you had sauced Katherinc Doughty? 
— f most solemnly to my God swe=ir that I had. 
[This answer caused great sensation in court) 
Your cousin — thb lady (pointing to Mrs, Rad- 
cliffe, who sat behind the learned counsel)?— 
Y cs. The Solicitor-Gene ral — Ltt i t be distin ctly 
understood that Mr?*^ Radcliffe is here bj her 
own wish, Af^cr some houn' cross-exami- 
nation, the Claimant said he was exhausted, tad 
the Court ajdjoimecL The l^im*'s^ in rcportiof 
the case, wrote — ■*' Nothing but a literal repoft n 
every question and eveiy answer given, ctery 
letter put in, including the contents of tke re- 
turn* (the one to Victoria^ New South Wales, 
and Tasmania alone occupied 332 large, dosely 
printed pages} to the Commissioners sent out, 
and the documents commented on, would give 
anythin;^ like a fair notion of this extraordinary 
triaL We might, if wc adopted this course, fill 
at least one ^heet of the Timts every day, and 
even (hen it is tmpoi^sible to convey to oar 
reailcrs a faint idea of the manner of the wit- 
ness, the withering sarcasm of the Solicitor- 
General, the tone of his voice, the sensation in 
court, and the general effect of the proceed ingSL" 
During the proceetiings of Tuesday the 6th, 
the Ijord Chief Justice, not being able to catch 
a word^ askct.1 the witness to repeat it, which 
he seemed unable to do, and finally said, ** You 
have been awfully sharp upon me, my lonl. 
You are determined I shall not have justice. 
The other side has not M-anted a counsel at 
all." The Lord Chief Justice— '* I must re- 
quest you to be more respectful. " The Claiinanf 
pleaded illness this afternoon, and the case was 
adjournetl over a day. Next day the cross- 
eJtami nation was met by a general disa-vowal of 
being able to remcmlwr details. 

O. — Died suddenly at his seat, Ogle worth 
Park, Glnucestefahire, Sir John RoU, Q,C., 
Attorney-General in Earl Derby*s third Govern- 
ment« 

— Died, aged 87, the Hon, Frederick Byo^ 
a popular member of fashioni^le aodctj Ism 




i87i. 



JUNE 



!#• — ^Tbe tlmve vessel Dcm Juan takes 5 re 

^ south of I long-Kong^ when Ihe 

•m and cnetv leave the ship niih 500 

lo be iofrocatcd and con^^umcd in ihe 

, wlKte thef were battened down* 

— The UnlTcrsity of Oxford confer the 
of D*CLm o!i Pfofrsf-rr Dollinger of 
Tile pit' 1 by Pn^fe&sor 

wviop] r:n, of Mag- 

Mall, aail f-... uf SL Mary's 

, wfeotbcKig ! ' : time iaupporlune. 

Ber&Af : .1 similar honour on 

1^ tstli. 

^*-\tk Committee on the Burials Bill, a 
pffipoal that die icrw^ice, when not according 
10 i peblkliccl ritual, sliould consist of oalhing 
b«l pcsfcfi and pt^sigea of Scripture, rejected 
hf i^ to 144 iTOtes. 

Y^^ Funenl of the ArchbUbop of Paris, and 
r Qtfcflr mifdcred hostages. 

iTibly declares the 
, and that the Or- 
» nnly eletlcd. Oii the 
es wtrc umJeHilood lo 
ives lo resign their seats 
). iking part in politics at pre- 
itc nr\ »hr occxsioii, M. Thiers 
for the family of 
"s friendship for his 
.,... u.. ..>! others — a decTara- 
j'Hy cheered by the Assembly ; 
** VVc have won a mnteriAl 
fkS0«7 I ^e >hAU gain a moral triumph by our 




•^Tbe 



sad r 
0mt. 



waA h 



ng an aiddress to the Crown on 

'. AiaHma clainis, Earl Russell 

r«e he had pursued as Foreign 

rt&tiiicd the Commissioners for 

eflJcct in the recent treaty 

inteniatioiiAl law. The 

nmeni was defended by 

iranrijle. Lord de Grey, and the Duke 

yU, and the motion negatived without a 

u 

In the Commons Mr. Cardwcll announces 

ention on the f*3rt of Government lo 

I part of the Army Regulation Bill, and 

vilh those clauses referring; to 

purchase, a course described 

L aj a breach of faith with ihc 

ig I hat Urce »ums had already been 

TTioses oflhc bdl. After a brief 

IIou<we went, for the ninth lime, 

ommiltcc, aod Clause 3 *aa agreed to, 

by tlie Sol ici tor-Gen enl as 
> tbf Acliool life at Stony hurst, the 

- It to the Claimant, 
V alnhabet?^! do 
— iujtl Ijreck?— Some 
MtfoQ of It Did you go ns far as the 
GfMiL alphabet?—! flnn't rrmcmbrr. Did 
Jon trtr read a % . reek ?^ — 

miMlilr a pert deck 

Won hf^ptr tst X"'" ' '''"^ '"'-'J r ^ -■"*(-'! 'I »»o.cl. J 



don*t think I ever thought of it. Did you gel 
ns far as, the article ? Could nut you give me 
*' an** in Greek? — No ; 1 have lost il entirely, 
iJid you get better on in Latin ?— I believe I 
got further in Latin. Did you leam the Latin 
alphabet ?^0f course I did. Cotild you read 
Latin i* — V'es. Could you read a line now?^' 
No ; I could not. Dia you do any Virgil, any 
Carsar? — I don't recollect Do you know 
whether Cxsar is written in prose or verse ?— 
1 don't recollect (A hiugh.) Is Cresa* Latin 
or Greek ? — 1 should think it was Greek. 
(laughter.) What is Virgil — a general or a 
statesman, or what ? — I have no recollection. 
Was he a Greek or a Latin writer? — I don't 
recollect Did he write verse or prose ? — t 
don't recollect. Did you ever see it before 
(handing a Uelphiri edition of VirgU to the 
witness) ?— I don't want to look at it at all, (A 
laugh.) Is it Circek or Latin? — It looks tome 
like Greek, (Laiughtcr. ) Vou learned mathe- 
matics, you say ? — Yes. Is it the same thing 
as chemistry ? — My memory does not serve me. 
Chemistry is a science by itself. Then what is 
mathematics? — I have no recollection. What 
book have you ever read in mathematics? — My 
memory doe* not ser\'e me. What Is it — 
written in Greek, or Latin, or what ? — I don't 
recollect. Did you ever rea^l Euclid ? Has 
that anything to do with mathematics? — I 
don *t recollect. I think not. (A laugh.) Has 
algebra anything to do with mathenmtici ? — I 
have no recollection. Have you read Euclid ? 
— I believe I did, but don't recollect. Did 
you ever hear of the Asses' Hridgc ? — I donH 
recollect Did yoti ever try to get over it ? 
(Laughter.)— I don't recollect Did you ever 
try to cross the Asses' Bridge? — I have no 
recollection of it Did anybody try his best to 
help you over the Asses Bridge ? Did you 
make gallant efforts, as many of us have done, 
to gel over it ?—i have no recollection. Do 
you remember whereabouts it is — how far from 
Stonyhurst ? (laughter.) — It is only insulting 
me. Do you know it belter by its Latin name, 
** potts mirtcrum " ? — No. Have you forgotten 
that A, M. D. G, stands at the head of every 
exercise, and is printed at the hcae! of every 
book, at Stonyhurst?— Will you vouch that as 
a fact? Is it so? — I don't recollect. Lkics 
A. M.D.G. mean ** Ad majarirm DdghfiamV* 
— I have no doubt it does. What does it mean 
in English ? — There is God and glory ^ — the 
last two words. What doea L, D. S. mean? 
— I don't know. Do they mean Laus 
sfm/ierf~{So answer.) Is that Latin i 

French?— (No answer.) What is the 1 

ing of the words?— It would be **laws of God 
for ever." (Greal laughter,) The Judge — It 
is difficult to restrain so large an assembly, but 
I hope people will not laugh or make any sign 
to interrupt the proceedings, 

la.— Questioned by Sir Roundell Talmet 
regarding the second rule in the sixth article of 
the Treaty of ^'aiVimffloTv^ A^i^w^^^ ^^t ^>a.V| 
of neutral* tovvvdi beu\£Citti\at "^t^OW 



JUNK 



1871. 



JVSE 



said the new rule would prevent the fitting 
tmt «»r arming iii liiiti^li |K)rls of vessels in- 
teii'icil Ki act a:',a:n-t l>Llli;^erent ]K)wers wil!i 
wliicli tSi-. C'»u:i:ry was at j'caci-, liut it woul.l 
not inicifcTir wiih the expurtalion of arms and 
nujT'iti liis of war in tlie ordinary course of 

13. — The House of I»rds \t\ a mnjority of 
I2y to So voles, a;^ie..'nit l«i ui^i^l on liie Sali^- 
linry or new Test Clause introduced into the 
UniviTsity lUll, and uhicli had been rcjecled 
by tlie Commons. 

14. — Tlie German Catholic*? circulate an 
ap.)e.-l, >ii;nvd by l)ollint;er, IIuIkt, Keinkens 
anl othtrs, dv.cl.nin:j :— ** I. We ]>ei«.isi in the 
rejectiiui of the Valic.mian infallibilify and 
doj^nia*!, which ci)nce<le to the Pope pi-rson.il 
infallibility anl absolute pf)wcr in the Church 
m>lwilhstandinj^ the op;>i»Mtion of the bi>hop:. 
2. We per«;i>t in the tirmly-grounlcxl convic- 
tions that the Vaticanian decrees constitute a 
serious <langer fi>r the State an<l Nociety, and 
are irreconcilable with the laws and institutions 
of existing States, and that their accenlance 
vould involve us in an insoluble contradiction 
with our political tlutics and oaths. 3. The 
(lerman bishops show by their dilToring and 
contr.vlictory interj^relatinns of the Vaticanian 
do^'uias that they know full well ihrir novelty 
and are ashame*! of them. \Vc deplore such 
a use of the episcopal office." 

— Fourteen ]>e«>ple drownevl at Avoch, 
on the Moray Filth, by the upsetting of a 
fishiug-boat. 

15. — Celebration of the Terccntenaiy c»f the 
foundation of Harrow ScImoI, a former 
master, Dr. Vaughan. projMsing at luncheon 
the toast of " riosperily to the iusiiiution." 

— The Paris Internationalists issue a 
manifesto to working-nu-n, declaring that their 
.society ali ne could Irad them toeniancijation, 
and drag into daylight capital and jirieslcraft. 
**At the ]>rcsent moment the Inivrnational 
Society is tlenounced as grandly criminal ; all 
those who capitulated, all the incapable per- 
sons of tlie capital, lay at its door the misfor- 
tunes of Fiance and the fires of Paris. On 
the Jules Favres, (m the TnKrhus, and on the 
rest, we hurl back the misfortunes of France. 
We accept the responsibility of the conflagra- 
tion of l*aris. The old social system must 
perish, and it sha'l ]>erish. A gigantic elToit 
has already shaken it to its foundations. A 
final effort must uproot it entirely." 

16. — The German tr(y)ps engaged in the late 
war enter P>erlin in triumph. All business 
was sus])cnded, and as many as 200,000 
strangers were reported to have arrivetl in the 
city. The body of troops which entered 
numbcre<l about 42,000, consisting of the 
Prussian Royal Guards, and picked deputa- 
tions from all the regiments of the German 
Federal and Allied armies, infantry, ca\'alry, 
md artillery, which Xoo\ three hours and a 
J014 



half \o march past. They were led by 
Marshal von Wrangel, Avhose great age for- 
bade him to take part in the late French wir. 
He was accompanied by other generals of the 
army superannuated from active service. Then 
came the Staff-officers of the commantlcn 
engaged in the late war ; General Blumenthal, 
Chief of the Staff to the Crown Prince, being 
the mo-tt distinguished. After these, and the 
general officers who had servctl, like Falkcn- 
stein, as civil governors in the conquered 
teiritories, rode the commanders of differ^: 
army cor|M«. and the illustrious men who coii:- 
manded whole armies. — the Duke of Mccklcr;- 
burg Schwerin, the Crown Prince of Sax'>ry, 
and Field- Marshal Steinmetz ; Generals Man- 
teuffel, Werder, Von dcr Tann, and Goehen, 
who had also commanded armies, were ami^g 
the party of general officers preceding. The 
arrival of Bismarck, Moltke, and Koon, fol- 
lowed by the Emperor, was greeted with 
enthusiastic cheering. His Majesty appe.ired 
in his field uniform and on his w.ir-horse. a 
dark l)ay. Behind him rode the Field Marshals 
of the royal house — the Crown Prince 
Frederick William of Pru.ssia and of Germany, 
on a chestnut horse, and Prince Fivderick 
Charles, on a bright bay charger. P'oUowini; 
these, the central figures of the p.igeant, cam? 
a bevy of princes, guests of the I'-mptr' , 
with their persimil staT, glittering in van.. I 
uniforms and making a gallant show. IVa::.d 
thw'sc came the under officers, of vario'.:s 
German nationalities bearing the s;-'Oils (-1 
war— the cajoles and the colours. The unveil- 
ing of a statue of Fralerick William III. 
formed a portion of the ceremonial. 

17. — Gi.int and giantess (Captain Buren 
and Anna Swann) married at St. Maitin's-ia- 
the- Fields. 

— H.M.S. Mfs;irra, af\er being in a leaky 
contlition for nine d.iys, is run ashore on St. 
Paul's Island. She was an iron screw troop- 
ship, carrying six guns, of 1,395 tons and 350 
horse-power. When .she sailed a series of 
quest.ons respecting her were put in the Hou«« 
of Commons and from the official answers it 
appjareil that the A/r^frr,i n-as employed to 
take out to Svdncy ^^ officers and 356 men. 
Complaint had been made that the ?»hip w.-.s 
overcrowded, and that she was un-^eaworthy, 
and it was said that her crew had twice pro- 
tested against going to sea in her. On l^lir.lf 
of the Admiralty those allegations were dcnie<l, 
and t)ccasions were cited in which the J/i:;'.t-r.j 
had taken to the Cape more thin 500 soals, 
ami to Cape Coast Castle 450. besides her crew, 
while she had frequently carried 400 tons of 
cargo. Official despatches staled that the leak 
was reported on the 8th ; on the 14th it l>ecaine 
more seriou.s and gained on the pumps. " Steam 
was then uscii, and by the aid of the main 
steam pumps the water was kept in check. It 
was determined to steer for St. ReluI's Island 
in order to examine the ship, where she arrived 
avid anchored on SvlVvj^^, '^wt \-|\,K A 




itras iJicn hf id, and a divrr sent cjown 

1 the leak- A hole was discovered 

Itluoagfa tht Tf- lirr nf 1 1.1 fr, about 12 ft* 

tlie inatntrH ft. from the 

Isidf. ^ u_s injuries in 

The pumps 

^e pieces of 

Under 

id vised 

I be lii .: 1 ^ .__ t on Ihe 

^ lOTigc lo Amu-iiha, the nearest jiort of which 
l** ifSoo miks distant. The vessel wai run 
■I III II I Oil tKc 17th, but not abandoncfl till the 
tgclt The men who first Unded, with ibcir 




tjrwards put up. Kicc 
and a little rain-water, 
famine, the troops and 
t on short allowance. 

- ^1 'i ■' • --1 -- ^;-,rr 




lis 



ip i^/ttla£ca^ and landed 
r28th. CaprainThrupp 
to En^^lan [, and at once reported 
fal the Adminilty. 

IS 1'^ Row» 

r^-ri 7 'phical 

li;%tuJ :.ui ' i I'. I. ii. '■(Cf*L'.\ iiii>iLC of the 

iin :>li Mj.cjiu, .i!hi Vicc-Chanccllor of the 
^^i^y uf LoiK^on. He hjs interred in 
' Abbey on the 24lh* 

-The rr.niinrn^ nri^itive dlCT A debate 

id' I Tirrcns to be intro* 

ition Bill, provid- 

[ ill r of ilic lin*? l>e called upon 

letcti le United Kini;dr»m umil he 

thaSX \u\ ^ c UM lEicd tiie age of tweoty years* 

— Pi«i from small- poXf »ged 31 years, 
NvmA ' ' ' Hartogj Senior Wrangler, 
Gaillb \ ami TiA.> to which degree^ 

ii' \^ns ad mil led by a Kpeciol 
with part of the oath. 
r,f the tivcnty-fifth anni- 
n of Pope Pius IX, 
ss presented by French 
hu iloLiic^ dei»cribed the Catholic 
tTnin prevailing in that country ss 
than even die ConrniuDC with 
tiled Paris. 

^5? C<nrim*iJi;cmcnt of the sixth triennial 
HMilel FcatlvAl at the Crystal Pdace, The 

: 41 t-!ii}i .it t!i. Mit-at musical gather- 

ui: I !. 5,844 ; first day, 

ICL ; third day. 14,792 

^S,4i4, ib^t;. — Rehearsal. 19,080 ; 

17.100: seoond d^y. 17.701; third 







^a day, 15,077 ; second 
>, is.^ti— total, $9,434- 



second day, 21,550; third day, 23,101— total, 

82,46^. 1 87 1.— Rehearsal, 1*8,676; fiist day, 
21,940; second day, 21,330; third day, 23,016 
—to till, 84,968. 

fll. — The new Ilosfptlal of St Thomas 
(designed by Cnrrey, the foundation-stone of 
which had been laid by I he Queen in May 
186S) opened by her Majesty, who arrived at 
Paddingion from Windsor in the forenoon, 
and dro\e Across the Parks to Westminster 
and Lambeth, accompanied by several mem- 
bers of the royal family. The treasurer, 
Mr. Hicks, received the honour of knighthood 
on the occasion. 

23. — Garden party at Buckingham Palace, 
the Queen, in the lanpurtge of the olhcial 
accounts, eivitig a breakfast from half- past 
four to hal^past seven P.M. 

— Closing of the subscription lists for ihc 
French loan of 80,000,000/. The amount was 
subscribed for twice over. 

d4* — The decennial representation of th« 
Poi^ion Play commenced at Oberammergau- 
Two thousand specl^itors were present, a large 
number being Enj^lish and American, 

— Cobden Club Dinner, presided over 
by Earl Granville, who defined the policy of 
the deceased statesman as liberty in things 
political, in things religious, and in things 
material. 

96. — ^Came on before Mr. Justice Lush 
and a common jury, the case of Pantaleoni v. 
Vaughan, an action for libel brought by the 
head of the religious hospiul S. Speiito, at 
Rome, Agajn$>t the propriclor of the TtibkL 
The libel complained of was published in a 
letter in the Tablet on the 19th of November, 
lS7a It stated that Dr. Pantaleoni turned 
out all the religious in the hospital after he 
became director. He was banished from 
Rome in 1862 for complicity in the Fausle 
conspiracy, which had for its object the ossos- 
sination of the King and Queen of Naples, 
Ihe ofBcers of the Zouaves, and the Prince 
Torlonia, the dcsiruction of the Alliberta and 
other Ponliftcal ihcilrcs. On seeing the letter 
the plaintiff, Dr. Panlaleoni, wrote to the 
defendant, with whom he w^as personally 
acquainted, explaining that he was exiled from 
Rome at the lime referred lo, and that he 
knew nothing of the conspiracy. The paper, 
in again referring to the matter, stated that the 
correspondent in Rome justiJied what he had 
written, and the editor in a footnote said they 
had the evidence of their correspondent against 
Ihe plaintifTs assertion, and the public could 
draw their own conclusions. Mr. Day tliis 
morning said that Dr. Vaughan. as soon as he 
became aware of Ihe publication, expressed 
hi« sorrow, and usctl every means in his 
power to retract the statements contained in 
the libel, and he then took Ihe <i\>^iUVTi\V| ^ 
doing so in Ihc fuWtsl msvuncT. *^W Ae^itiAweX 
entertained every te&pctv lui ^t \\3at\\\^, wiii 



JULY 



187I. 



jva 



believe! there wa* rij ^nof d wltatCTcr for the 
chaise, A veri ct wa- t!ien lakcn fur the 
plain L:jf by con-^L-nit^^aiTii^tfS. 250^^*1 to ewer 

ft©.— The Emperor an I Kmprt^i r>f BraiU 
arrive in l.^mlnii, in the £ >'.ir^ iif ^>i e^lcnJt'd 
luuT thrOJiijh Ivun.ijtc* The ^/uoin iMuk an 
ejriy upj^niunjiy of conferring the ( Vur *.>f the 
(jir'.er^m her illu-itrifiiis^ vi^iltir, who manife%!t?il 
umfi"e.\rit:i1i aiiJUviTy dijrin]i;h:& v>v*^uru in Hritam. 
In I jmili kn rhe r ya! i»any uccupltd apaf mienu 
in L!liriiJ|^e'':i ItuLeL 

— The Ha!£'jit JiiH p.is^M in^fn Crimmitice 
Uy 33'j vi^irs lo iji v^^Kn in s-upj'Mrt uf an 
ami; 11 ImenL, ihal I he urikr l< read ihat day aix 
munthi. 

ao,— TrOfsl Sa;i-biiry moves an aildress to 
tlic Lrij*n a^ain^t the hcheriK' of the Kiiduivecl 
Sch'^l L'iiinniiS!»^onfrs. f^ir ihe m.inajLjcnit'nl xA 
Emanuu] Ko^jnuL Tlie plan^ he ntjiintaiiied, 
was part of a irciiirali^in^ scheme, intended ti> 
break U]) ihe hdl ailniini^; ration, and toptajce 
ihu power in I.ondun in a Ikhly appuinted by 
Ihe tiovcrnn^cni, jnrlueiiccKL by the particular 
|)hihjMiphic pr^ijcirl of the day, aiul out of 
*ymp.iihv with rural popiilaiii m-* The differ- 
ruc«: between old-fa.vhivjncd Chri'^tian en- 
ihwasm and the [thilu^phic ciithu^ia?»m of 
ihe pri^^'iLnt day T**as that the Christian wa^i 
cijntenL to give uf his fiwn money fiT what he 
deiiired to support, while the philu^pher 
\lwayH triud \n do it by ^*ttin|; hidi uf some- 
hcrily i^lte's, Lf>rd Itabfax niaintsiined that 
the Coinniii*5iijiner» had faithfully obAtrvcil the 
iiMenttonj of the Lci;i<Liturc, jin I Lonl \;^^s- 
rente, a-^ Chairman of the Lcmikm Scho-d 
liuatili th(tii|^;ht the Buheme of the Commis- 
«ionens "^iitjld j^ivc a p;rcat impulse to ihe 
primary tihuMti'i'n uf ihe cnuntry* On a 
divisuin, Lord Saliihury's moLioa wascaniod 
by 64 to 56 vutes. 

— The Ifoiisfhidd Krifi^de reviewed be- 
fore the tjuten in llushey Park. 



July fl.— Kinfi Vittor Emmanuel enters 
Rome as the new capital of his ilomiriitjns, A 
graiiil banquet wa$ htliL in the aftti'muun, and in 
Ihe evL-ninfit when ihe kin^j pa^sved to the Api;>llo 
ThentiHv the greater |i4Tt of the city wa^ illu' 
miiutL-iL He returned to Florence next day. 

— l^clwL*cn So ^nd 90 supporters of M. 
Thi'.^rs returned out of the 113 supplemcntary 
ch'cliuns which tiikc place hi France. Uuna- 
]>ar Cists and Le^ilimiatsi uere beaten in moiit 

3*— The Army Reuid^iticvn Hill read a thinJ 
time in the Hun^ tjf Comnit^iis, the final 
discu<;.sion lakin|; pLice on a imjtkm submiued 
by Mr CJravcs:— "That the bill fur the better 
rei;iilnEion of the army having been narrowed to 
an object whkh wiU entail on the country an 
.ascertained expenditure of seveml millions, 
l>c»iilcs a lari^e permanent change of which no 
ntiinaie hu hern submitled, Ihlf ii(Mi»e U nn^ 
roilf 



willing thus to add to the pressuic of exiting 
taxation by entering on a course uf unkncntu 
expenditure, and, declining to commit it^lf to 
premature action, awaiis from her l^laj^'i 
CJoi^enimeht a mature and cnmpreheiulve 
scheme of army reform calculated to place the 
military S)-stem of the country on a sound ii«d 
economi cal basi^ ** Th e mot i on was rejected bf 
239 to 231 votes, the majoHty being made up 
of 204 Knglish, 44 Irbh, and 41 Scotch mftti* 
lieri ; and the minority of 199 iin|;lt^ 25 
Iriih, and seven Scotch. The number of absetit 
Kngli^h memher^ was £9^ of Iridi 33, and cf 
.Scu'ch 12. The only Conservatives who voted 
ttiih the Government on this occasion wrre 
Colonel Napier Sturt, and Colond Vand^cor. 
Seven Liberals joineJ with Ihe minority. 

d.^ — The EmpcTOr of End I attends the 
Cum m on Pleas ?o hear Ihe continued aos«- 
e^amination of Ihe Claimant in the Tichbmie 
ca^. At this time queatiuns were being 
a?iiked in Parliament in reference to the ad- 
joumment of the cs^e tili No^'eml>cn The 

indge ^aid he had received a letter from Ljily 
)imghty, imploring that the trial might not tie 
l^oiitponed. The Solicitor-Gener<ir and the 
attorney of Ihe defendants discbimed any 
previous knowledge of the letter. The Judirc 
s]iuke of it as reprehensible, but excuj>able. 
l^dy I lough ly said— " I take the liiierty of 
imploring your lordship |o take into considcn- 
lion my advanced age— seventy-sin next August 
—and my failing health, so increased from the 
intense nuffcring caused by the cruel charges 
brought ag.iinsit my now only child. I am aI.«o 
dcpulei^l, by the guardians of I he infant, and 
every mcml>cr of the 'richlxjme and Arundel 
f^milies^ to pray your lordship not to opp«e 
Ihe effort !i we are making for no delay in the 
hearing of lhi^cau.<^. 1 trust that your lonl- 
ship '^ ill not consider thin CiimmuriicaTion in 
any at her light ihati the outpouring of a mother's 
heart/* During ihe day the Claimant w:w 
questioned respecting the lilies of some of the 
books which koKer had left with Mr. Goafonl. 
He knew noiTiing of cither Gmfint de 
Bmnmont^ Atfiiiit or die Pj-aelke p/ Eithu- 
ft'tmi -The S.iliciior-CJeneral— Who wasCrom- 
>vell?— Me uai the Commonwealth man. 
Who did y-m say?— I say he was the ComniOQ- 
wcalth. Well, not exactly. Ntjw, here is a 
I,ifc of John Rimy an. Who was he ? — John 
Bun van I I've read the book, I know ; but I 
furgct now who he was. What sort of a fellow 
was John Bunyan? — (^uitelhe reverse of whii 
you arc. But I don t rccollcc! who he wa.«: 
\\'a* he a sportsman ? — "V'ou can ask me as 
many f^jidish questions as you like. 1 say I 
dr-n't know who be was — Was he a General, 
Bishop, or ma.ster of fosthounds?— I tel! juu I 
can't say, — What is a mis-inihrope— it i^ a 
word used by you frequently in leUers?— -l 
don't know that I made use of it I cannot 
say what it is, U it a biril, beast. Or fiih ?— 
Well, I think I uFcd it in tegar^l la lomc 
bookv Ci<i«&-eiLam\Aiiv3iL ^fma^ ^aHlat 



relfttire to the Tichbome 
on vHicli it wu idleged 55,000/. had 

de Chambord Usoes a pro* 

:h he pnjmi&es not to a'leinpt 

f dt«(uiu&Dcc of the existing order of things, 

I leili hii o^on'rs'men that he holds himself 

i rcaijiriev^ ]ie crown whenever they 

I tbiok : ' 10 him, and to c^tabi!sh 

Coii^jL xii.ii.^ laOQirchy wiih universal 

and a parliament of two Chambers. 

I not," he coDcludedf '*bc silent because 

credulous peopEe have spnken of 

, of Ab«.o'uiism, of Intolerance, and 

beside? — of tithes, of 

1% which the most auda- 

- conjure up before your 

II the standard of Henry 

i Joan of Arc to be torn 

r Iu»ii4a. Ii IS with that flag that our 

[ imtl¥ was made, it was with that flag 

lie, conquered 

delity will be 

lies. It con- 

n soil, which 

S1I 1 ; r A the princes 

ti ftir t^mi^iy , U in LL which v^ill conquer the 
er# bitltuism with which the world is now 
tlnnieecd* 1 shall conhde it without fear to 
tke vmlouf 4if oar army ; it has never, as that 
mwif IcBomrt well, been found but in the path 
of boBOtir 1 received it as a sacred deposit 
jfOM tjbc sif*c4 King, my grandfather, as he \va$ 
4fW^ m €xile ; it has always been for me in- 
Mf ^nthl^ fn^m the memory of my absent 
CQWid. * rd above my cradle, I wish it 

lo dr* grave. In the glorious folds 

of tha; - v.- U^nner, I shall bring you order 

taA liberty. Frenchmen^ Henry V, c&anot 
^eaca the while flag of lletiry IV?* 

•• — rXiuMe murder in France, department 
'Jjidrecl'l^irc. A man named llclilandc, 
ffiT his dissipated habits, killed M. de 
the Mayor of Sache, and as the curate, 
|rj ' years, was bringing 

tlic h' iy of the deceased, 

Uv aj — - ■•■', 'Hid the curate fell 

■rartadlf w h^: terror caused by the^e 

among the inhabitants 
llie htAiy ui the curate was suffered to 
1 three hour* in the public tomd, 

— Mee'i fbe resi- 

•of>J Azures for 

J tlic |irvgf cu of liic lUUol bill through 

1^ Hi 





In ^omroJtlee on the Ballot Bill, Mr. G. 

k, fr«*nn!T{f T^hat he m!lcd the curt and 

r t-" ' leader of the 

ttion he pant^way, 

I loog utcl uid 

■^ ted pi' an 

pCMil R*u li-l .. .. rva- 

lluoi I Many yrai^ ago 

iJbe riv ke of the (ioveni- 

mtmt g/ iAc ihi^ as au "orgnnixed A/zwerij/, *' 



And that suggested that Uie propter description 
of the late Government would be that it was a 
disorganized hypocrisy. The chairman ruled 
that the hon, member was out of order in 
alluding to past events. Next, turning to the 
Prime Minister, Mr. Ben ti nek said he had 
compkined of lime being wasted, but no one 
had for years delayed buifness by speeches st 
much as he himself had done. In a long, 
didactic oration the right hon. gentleman com* 
mcnttid upon the bad habit of imputing motivc;i ; 
but he was guilty of that offenrc when he said 
that speeches uere made solely for the purpo?»e 
of creating delay. As soon as Mr. Newdegaie 
rose a great many members on the Liberal side 
(in accordance with the tactics resolved upon 
at the meeting in the afternoon) immediately 
quitted the House, and the whole of the 
benches were soon empty. Only two or three 
Ministers on the Treasury bench, and three 
independent members behind them, were left 
to represent the party on the Speaker's right 
hand. In order to maintain ihe equilibrium of 
ihc assembly a numlx:r of the Cunservatives, 
amid general laughter, crossed to the deterlcd 
seals and deUvcred strong denunciations of the 
Ballot from the place^i usually occupied by 
advanced Radicals. The speaking was carried 
on exclusively l)y Conservatives, and provoked 
no reply. About ten o'ch»ck a division was 
taken, and Mr. Newdegale*s motion for adjourn* 
ment dcfcfited by 154 to 63. 

•. — Wavcrley costume ball at Willis's 
Rooms in aid of fund to complete the Scott 
Monument at Edinburgh. 

7. — Adjournment of the Tichbome case 
after a trial of forty days — a course opposed by 
Mr. Serjeant Ballantine, and insiitcea on by 
Mr. Hawkins, who stated tliat the observaiioui 
he had addressed to the court were maUe 
under a sense of responsibility to bis c lien is 
and he cared nothing for the observations of 
Mr. Serjeant Ballantine, knowing the quarter 
whence they came. The Lord Chief Justice 
— •* I regret very much ihal such an ob.serva- 
tion should have fallen from any learned 
counseb The observation of the learned 
counsel requires an apology upon the spot,*' 
(The learned counsel having made no response, 
his lordsliip proceeded, turning to the jury)— 
** Gentlemen, I regret that it is not made." 
Before Ihe case was sus]>ended, however, Mr. 
Hawkins, at the suggestion of the Judge, 
withdrew the expression. (See January 15, 
1872.) 

8.— Treaty agreed to by the .Second Chamber 
at the Hague, transferring the Dutch settlement 
on the West Coast of Africa from Holland 10 
Britain. 

— Complimentary breakfast at the Crystal 
Palace to members of Ihe company of Ihe 
** Comtklie Frani^i^e,** v«ViO"^ \MixWwvTtvt^-\ 
were brottght to a d«>se v\\\a t^w\\\\^ \jaT^ 
Duffcrin presided 



JCL Y 



187I. 



JULY 



9, — Dictl. ajje^l 76, Dr. Alcxan«ler Keith 
Jt^r.nstoiie, F. K.S., amonj; the must eminent 
of modern geoi;raj>hLTs. 

10. — At a meeting; of Consen'ative Peers, it 
is resolveti that the l)uke of Kiclimond should 
give notice of an amendment cxpressinj; the un- 
u'illingnea of the Hmise to read the Army Bill 
a rMHTond time until a complete and com|>rchen- 
sive scheme of army reorganisation shall have 
been laid before it. 

11.— The Ecclesiastical Titles Repeal Bill 
pis.scs through committee in the Lords, and the 
r>urial Bill is read a thinl time and passed. 
To meet the case of children working in brick- 
fields, in whose behalf Lord Shafteshur)- moved 
an address to the Crown, Lord Morley promised 
!.> introduce a clause into the I-accory Act 
Amendment Bill, presently iK'fore the House. 

— The Saxon troops engaged in the late 
war raike a triumphal entry into Dresden. 
The Bavarian troo(»s cntcrtd Munich on the 
1 6th. 

— Collision early this morning, in the 
Channel, off the LcMystone lighthouse, between 
the ship MciMv^ascar^ 1,311 tons. Captain 
Jlrunswick, helon;:;ing to South Shields bound 
from London to (^uehec, and the screw-steamer 
WiJfieou^ of Cork, pux:ecding from Liverpool, 
M'ith a general cargo and passengers for 
Rotterdam. The l>ow of the Madagascar cut 
into the Wiil^eon midway l)etween the funnel 
and the wheel, crushing the sailor at the wheel 
80 severely that he was taken to the hospital. 
The water rushed into the stoke-hole and 
extinguished the fires. The steamer sank at 
2.30 A.M., and the ship at 5 A.M. All hands 
of both vessels, sixty-one persons, were pickeii 
up by a trawling sloop, and brought into 
Plymouth. 

— Died at Milan, the Princess Christina 
Bel-^iojoso, an enthusiastic worker for the unity 
of Italy. 

la.— Commenced at the Central Criminal 
Court, before Lord Chief Justice Bovill, the 
trial of Edmund W. Pook, for the murder of 
Jane Maria Clousen, in Kidbrooke Lane, 
Eltham. The case was protracted to the 
evening of the i6th, when the jury, amid a 
tempest of anplause, returned a verdict of Not 
Guilty. In his charge the Chief Justice com- 
mented in strong terms on the conduct of the 
police, who appeared, he said, to have from the 
first assumed the guilt of the prisoner, and 
strained every piece of evidence so as to ensure 
a conviction against him. The acquittal of 
Pook led to di.sonlerly jyatheiings before his 
father's house at Greenwich, and to legal pro- 
ceedings against parties for printing and selling 
accounts of his supposed connection with the 
munler. 

— Serious Orange riots in New York, the 
military firing upon the disturbers of the peace, 
killing, it was reported, over thirty and wound- 
ing 170. Lieutenant James Fisk was among 
the litttr. 



1 A. —William Frank Gosney, m lad of 20, 
sentenced at the Central Criminal Court to 
fifteen years' penal senritude for attempting to 
murder Dr. Dnc Meschin, of the Middle Temple, 
whose room had been taken possession of, and 
books stolen by the prisoner during the Doctoi's 
temporary absence abroad. 

16. — In the case of Harriet Newington 
or Davy, indicted for the manslaughter of 
Frederick Moon, the jury return a verdict ol 
guilty, and Baron Channell, expressing his 
entire concurrence in its justice, sentenced her 
to eight years' penal servitude. The prisoner 
again declared her innocence. " \N e lived 
together," she said, " most happily. The whole 
of his consideration liad been to promote my 
happiness, ami I have studied his. I could not 
have done him any injury. It was in the 
struggle. He was going to throw a bottle, and 
I jum}>ed up quickly. He tried to take the 
knife from me. I am not sure whether he got 
it or not. We struijgled and felL I thought 
at first I must be the one injured. I found 
blood on me — ynxta blood. I said, *Oli, 
Fred ! what have you done ? * Then I found, 
of course, it was him, not myself. I tried all 
I could to do something to stop it. . First of all 
I applied cold water ; then I remembered that 
cold water produced blood instead of stopping 
it. Then 1 sent for ice and tried that. Then 
the doctors came." The prisoner fainted 00 
hearing her sentence. 

17. — The Army Bill thrown out in the House 
of Lords on the proposal for a second reading 
by 155 to 130 votes. I-K>rd Salisbury inter{)osed 
a pungent sj>eech between those of the Duke of 
Argyll and the Foreign Secretary, declaring 
that though the Government talked of seniority 
tempered by selection, the more correct formula 
would be stagnation tempered by jobl)ery. By 
rejecting the bill, the Times thought, the Lords 
had adopted an ill-advised course, and made 
the abolition of purchase the question of the 
day. 

10. — Lorraine Museum, formerly m ducal 
palace, destroyed by fire, the ancient tapisser'u 
of Charles le Temcnure being the only portion 
saved. 

— Signor Mario makes his fatewell ap- 
pearance at Co vent Garden as Fernando in 
Donizetti's opera, ** I^ Favorila." 

flO.— Marshal Serrano announces in the 
Cortes the resignation of the Spanish Ministr}'. 
Zorilla afterwards accepted the di^^Aation ci 
affairs. 

— In a crowded and anxious House, Mr. 
Glatlstone announces the intentions of the 
Government regarding the rejection of the 
purchase part of the Army Bill by the Lortis. 
Replying to Sir George Grey, he said that by 
statute there was no purchase but what was 
permitted bv the Queen's Regulations. The 
House of Commons having condemned par 
chase, and a Royid Commission having declared 
that tboK reguiaXioik ^cn cicraXd. ti^aVa \^ an 



1871. 



AL^GU:^T 



: by the cittnctloo of pnrchiae as 

, ttic GoTcmmcnt hail rc*it>lvc-d to ad- 

FMAJciTy to take the decisive step of 

J the Royal WaTnnt ttnJer which pur- 

I k^aiL That advice had L>cen accepted 

on by her Majesty. The tiew wnt- 

bcesi fraraed m terms conformable 

lair, and from the tst of November 

in the army would no longer 

! Government had no other object 

sampiictty, despatch^ and the ob> 

of constitutional usage. (Cries of 

from the Opposition, ans\i'eTed by 

cheers.) Amid many disorderly 

Mr Disraeli and several other 

nted Government with having 

"be piTTOgativc of the Crown for 

' relieving them from a difiicuUy 

devising* A bitter discussion 

tin in committee on the Ballot 

Ir. Korster &aid it was necessary 

in order to throw the 

' of its rejection on the Hou^e of 

seeding d«cribcd by the leader 

tion as an avowed and shameful 

On (he Chairman calling attention 

f w<mls, they were at once withdrawn, 

|is<itS8ion proceeded. 

ral Warrant issued declaring that 
Hr the tst day of November m this 
all regulations made by Us or 
fid predecessors, or any OfRcere 
iir ttithority, regulating or fixing 
'licli any Com missions in Our 
J be purchaied, sold, or exchanged, 
} wmj ftUtJion^ing the purctia&e or sale 
Lior money of any such Commis- 
kCUeeUed and determined/' 

crhby Peerage case (in- 
of Lonl (ircat Cham- 
1 Lords decide that the 
Lady Aveland had made out her 
^IW ncflircst co'heiresji. 

i Grand Dake Constantine of Russia 
i LchkIoii. 

ftt 5t^ord Aspires, before Mr. 
and a special jury, (he case of 
dham, an action for libel against 
I publisher of ihc GuarUhn news- 
aUeged hb'-l was in the form of 
^ ting the plaint itf's attempt, as a 
"the fJreck Church, io create a 
the Church at Wolverhampton by 
it W9M said, of *' silver weapons. 
r gave a venlict for the pkintili, with 
( and costs. 

\ of court-martial on 

> flai^'ship to try Capi. 

cur, 1 ' '-■' T Commander 

r a«gli^ he Aginctmrt 

^^-'^(^ 1st February, 

it^. The hearing 

I defence was con- 

c 4&1U iVujir">^ when the Court 

if^f, finding the charge proved, 



and severely admonished Cant Beamish and 
Staff-Commander Knight. LieuL Bell was 
simply admonished. 

lie.— Died at Cowes, .^ged 78, the Hon. J . 
Slidelt, one of the Southern States Commis- 
sioners, seized on boaril the Trent in 1863. 

117. — M. Jules Favre resigns hi^i position as 
French Minister of Foreign Affairs. 

89.— Profe'jsor Dollinger elected Rector at 
the University of Munich by 54 votes against 6. 

ai* — Died suddenly, from the buriting of a 
blocKl-vcsscl, the Very Rev, Dr. Matisel, Dean 
of St, Paurs, in his 51st year. 

— After a sharp debate in the Lords, the 
Duke of Richmond carries, by 162 to 82 votes, 
the resolution be had s\ibmitted in connection 
with the second reading of the Army Bill : — 
^'Thnt this House, in assenting to the second 
reading of this bill, desires to express its opinifin 
that the interposition of the Executive during 
the progress of a measure submitted to Faiha* 
ment by her Majesty's Government, in order to 
attain, by the exercise of I he prerogative, and 
without the aid of Parlianieot, the princifinl 
object included in tlml mea*»ure, is caiculatcd 
to depreciate and neutrili/e the independt:nl 
action of the Legislature, and is strongly to be 
condemned ; and ibbt Hnuse assents to the 
second reading of this bill only in order to 
secure the officer-s of her Majesty's army the 
compensation to which I hey arc entitled conse- 
quent on the abolition of purchase in the army. " 

— The Ministerial proposal for an annuity 
of 15,000/. to Prince Arthur carrietl by 289 
voles to 51 against a proposal to reduce the 
amount to 10,000/. 

— In Committee on the Ballot Bill, the 
Cominons reject the Ministerial proposal to 
throw election expenses on the public rates by 
153 to 162 votes. 

— The Prince of Wales^ accompanied by 
Prince Arthur, the Princess LouiHt.% and the 
Marqiiii of Lome, arrive in Dublin on a vi.'.it 
to the Lord- Lieutenant. 

Auffuat 1. — M^emorandum agreed to coi» 
ccrning a new social movement originateil by 
Mr. Scott Russell to improve the condition ol 
the working class<ps by an alliance of workmen 
with Conservative statesmen. "We appic« 
ciale," llicy said, " the confiflence thus showr 
to be placed in us; we fully tecogni/.e thi 
national necessity of a hearty gr>od feeling 
between the different classes of society ; we 
believe that this good feeling can and oui/hl 
to be secured where both parties are in earncsl 
on the subject. Awaiting communications from 
the Council, we readily engage to give an 
Atlenlive consideration to the measures which 
may be hereafter submitted by them lo our 
judgment At the same time we do not cun* 
cealfinom ourselves »hat the task which we have 
been requested lo undertake is not free from 
difficulty. We cannot become parlies to an) 



I 

■ 

I 



AUGUST 



iSri. 



AUGUST 



lc};is1ation which we do not believe to be con- 
sistent with the real interests of all classes. 
>Ve must reserve to ourselves the most unfet- 
tered discretion in the selection of objects, and 
in the modification or rejection of measures 
proposed to us for consideration ; and we must 
■old oQrselves free, either collectively or indi- 
vidually, to retire from the task to which we 
have been invited whenever we may be of 
opinion that our assistance is not likely to be 
for the advantage of the public or satisfactory 
to onrsclve-j. — Salisbury, Carnarvon, Lichfield, 
Sandon, John Manners, John S. Pakington, 
Stafford Northcotc, Gathome Hardy." 

1. — In consequence of the defeat of his Go- 
vernment on the Decentralization Bill, M. 
Thiers announces in the Salle des Conferences 
that the factious conduct of the Right left him 
DO alternative but to resign. He retires! from 
the hall with fuur of his Ministers, declaring 
that he would call for a vote of confidence on 
the following day. 

— The M*Kadden family — husband, wife, 
and two children — attacked in their residence 
at Errandsey, Lonvlonderry, and all but mur- 
dered by the brothers M'Callog, who hatl been 
concenied in litigation with their victims. 

— The Army Bill, introduced first as a 
Reorganization Bill, then an Abolition of 
Purchase Bill, and finally a Compensation 
Bill, passes the House of Lords. 

11. — In the course of his opening address to 

the British Association, the chairman for the 

year, Sir \V. Thompson, made reference to the 

origin of life on the globe hi terms which gave 

rise to considerable controversy. ** I confess," 

he said, ** to being deeply impressed by the 

evidence put before us oy Professor Huxley, 

and I am ready to adopt, as an article of scien- 

^fic faith, true through all space and through 

all time, that life proceeds from life, and from 

nothing but life. How, then, did life originate 

on the earth ? " Remarking that we have no 

right to assume an abnormal creative act in 

order to answer this question, if it can be 

answered otherwise, the president suggested 

that the first germs of life were brought to this 

world by fragments of matter detached from 

other worlds in which life had previously 

existed, just as islands springing up in the 

ocean are covered with vegetation by the seeds 

which float in the water and the air. ** Hence, 

and because we all confidently believe that 

there are at present, and have been from time 

immemorial, many worlds of life besides our 

own, we must regard it as probable in the 

highest degree that there are countless and 

seeil-l)earing meteoric stones moving about 

through space. If at the present instant no 

life existed upon this earth, one such stone 

falling upon it might, by what we blindly call 

natural causes, lead to its becoming covered 

with vegetation. I am fullv conscious of the 

many scientific objections which may be arged 

against this hy})othe8is but I believe them to 

I020 



be all answerable. The h3rpothesis that life 
originated on this earth through moss-gro«B 
fragments from the ruins of anomer world may 
seem wihl and visionary ; all I maintain is thai 
it is not unscientific" 

3. — James Kimmo, Gla.sgow, poisons three 
of his children with prussic acid, and then conv 
mits suicide by swallowing a portion of lUt 
same drug. 

4.— The Ballot Bill passed through Com- 
mittee in the Commons. 

5. — Cooper's Hill College, founded by tb| 
Secretary of State and Council of India fi>t 
training civil engineers in the Indian service, 
opened by the Duke of ArgylL 

— Colonel Hogg, as Chairman of the Metro- 
politan Board of Works, lays the foundation 
stone of the Chelsea section of the Thames 
Embankment, extending along the rix-er front 
of the Hospital to Battersea Bridge. 

6. —Riot in the Phoenix Park, Dublin, arising 
out of the interference of the police with i 
Fenian amnesty meeting, called to neutralize 
the loyal demonstration made in favour of the 
royal visitors presently residing with the L» nl- 
Lieutenant. About sixty were iniured, several 
of whom were policemen, struck by stones, 
apparently carried to the place of meeting Tut 
purposes of attack. 

— Dedication ser\-ices in the English Church 
at Zermatt, built partly as a memorial of ihs 
disastrous ascent of the Matterhom by £ngL.<Ji 
travellers in July, 1865. 

7. — Trial of the Communist prisoners com- 
menced at Versailles. The indictment gave an 
account of the proceedings of the IntematioiMl 
prior to the insurrection, and of the various 
crimes which followed the revolt of the i8ih 
March. Charges then followed, first ag«n4 
Assi, who was accused of incitement to civil 
war, of usurpation of civil and military (Kiwers 
of having assumed Government functions, and 
assisted m issuing orders, the consequence of 
which were devastation, massacre, pillage, 
arson, and assassination. All the accused wcie 
further charged with conspiring for the over- 
throw of the Government, with incitement to 
civil war, and usurpation of office and power. 
Courbet was specially accused of complicity 
in the destruction of the Venddme Column ; 
LuUier of attempts to carry destruction, mas- 
sacre and pillage into Paris, of taking posses- 
sion of city pn^perty appertaining to the Slate, 
and of inciting soldiers to join the ranks of the 
rebels. Grou«iset stood charged with active 
participation in the revolt, with public incite- 
ment to contempt of existing laws and of the 
National Assembly. Venlure, Billioray, and 
Ferre were arraicned for arbitrary confiscations 
wanton destruction «»f private dwellin^honses 
and public monuments, sacrilegious piUage u/ 
churches, and assassination, they haTing voted 
for the execution of the hostages. Jourac wai 
further charged with finar.cial 



18; I. 



ACGUST 



Lj,».,.n '^f thff seals of the 
ring of public 
f ihe Commune 
s|Mjtiiuijlc iiji I he de:5miction of 
^ fine. I'he number of prisoners 
be 35,000. 

Ballot BUI r^id a third time in the 
"omraons. 

cefifwmrf of the birth of Sir 

ott ^ in variou'% ton^ns in 

fit- uigs. At Edinburgh, 

hjgbr^i lutr.tc-vt was naturally mani- 

e wms am exhibition of Scott relics — 

jrrs. Ar\*\ manuscripts— and the day 

ls a. hoHday. The banquet 

^erby the Earl of Dalkeith 

his father^ the Duke ot 

ouist of the evening, **The 

»>n ^. .Utcf Scott/* proposed by Sir 

jlM^'^wclL Dean Stanley attended 

_ and iProfttTor Jowctt at Glas- 

c alio wsw p resent Sheriff tl. G, 

r»f fh^p fi-MT itirvivors of those who 

b!e Theatrical Fund 

b., 1827, when Sir 

i ..ituself to be the sole 

r of the VVaverley Novels, 

■M ^iM*i/i^Hbiaif\vEify^'iOT\ to reject the 

Mf IJfe^ginNlid of the bte period at 

S^Knt vp to the House, carried 

r debate by 97 to 48 votes. 

suildenly at Lochcanihead Hotel, 

,Sth yeiir« Charles Buxton, 

'- v^ 

tag o( a cottncil of slcilted workmen 

P^ refort prepared l»y Mr. Scott 

« result of his three months' 

' the support of Conserva- 

I to i]iv v.beme for a union of work- 

iMeroen. The pfirty was reported 

l^ihly and successfully united in a 

Eve OfTUOcil of peers and legislators. 

KTiln%u>n m Prentice^s gun-cotton 

kct, Suffolk, causing the 

r people, injury to seventy* 

|L dc Uuction of property in the 

nML Two raemliers of the firm 

- '* - ^ lied. During the last few 

Ivad been carried on by 

1 ir% lending to show that, 

mgtimttaam obseTvetT at Stowmarkct, 

pi maile there would not expioile. 

mmti of smukc was observed to rise 

the air, ipreid it^lf out gradually 

ike iliApc, and then came a terrihc 

I, it Wtt ^df at distances varying 

t to fourteen milei. As the result 

lened Inquiry before the coroner, a 

— **Tbat the explosion causing the 

m whom this inquest was 

^y some person or persons 

ftmm*^*'^ ,alphi»ri' ^' '• f'i the gim- 

Hteot to ttj J tesis re* 

Hlminent -i^e time we 

WO the griJeacc tdduccdf ttMt there 



is no danger in the manufacture of gtin<cotlon 
in the wet process, but that the drj'ing and 
storing of gun-cotton should not be allowed 
near a town. Abo, we consider that gun-cotton 
works should be subject to constant Govern- 
ment inspection." Another explosion, but les^? 
disastrous, took pbce at this time in the powder- 
works of the Scnultte Company, situated in the 
heart of the New ForcsL 

I a.— The Emperors of Germany and Austria 
have an interview at IschL 

— Proposals submitted to the French A*?- 
Bcmbly for prolonging the power of M. Thieis. 
The first, brought forward by the Left Centre, 
gave M. Thiers the title of President of thf* 
Republic, continued his power for three yenii 
unle^4s in the meaniime the Assembly should 
dissolve it«elf, and made the Mini^tci^ (to l>e 
appointed by the President) responsible to the 
A?ii>enibly. The proposition of the Rii^lit 
simply declared the confidence of the Assembly 
in the wisdom and patriotism of M. Thiers^ 
and confirmed and continuetl the powers con- 
ferred upon him at Bordeaux. 

15. — The Commons agree to the Lords* 
amendments on the Army Dill, after a discus* 
sion, having reference chiefly to the Ministerial 
expedient of resorting to the Royal pr^frogal ve 
for the abolition of purchase. 

le. — Fire in Burlington Arcade, resuUing ii 
the destruction of several shops. 

17, — Unveiling of the statue erected on the 
Thames Embankment to commemorate the 
services of Lieut. -Gen. Sir James Ontrani, 
G.CB. In the absence of the Secretary fi>» 
India, Lord Halifax tnade a short i>peech on 
the occasion* 

18* — Replying to some criticism made in the 
House on the view he privately maintained on 
the Army Bill, Sir Roundell Palmer %vrites li> 
Mr. Cardwell : — ** I have always thought and 
said that the issuing of such a warrant was 
within the undoubted power of the Crown ; 
though to do so without having a sufficient 
assurance that Parliament would provide the 
necessary compensation for the officers, who 
would otherwise suffer l>y such <in exercise of 
Royal power, would not be just, and therefore 
would not be consistent with the spirit of the 
Constilulion, which vests all such powers in the 
Crown, in the confidence, and for the purpose, 
that right, not wrong, shall be done. I should 
have been glad if it had been generally and 
clearly understood from the beginning th.it, 
subject to Ihe sense of Parliament being ascer- 
tained with reference to the point of compcn* 
salion, the form of procedure would be that 
which was eventually adopted, because it is 
certainly an evil that the adoption of one con- 
stitutional mode of procedure, rather than 
another, should appear to arise from an adverse 
vote of the Hou^e of Lord*." 

— Tlie •crew-sleaTOCT Cwnpifr^ \^r^ ^^^>v 
flax, stranded on the co»»l, twai TitrwVtV, ik»^ 



A car ST 



1871. 



SEPTEMBER 



DTcaks up early next month during a severe 
ea»«lerly j;ale. 

19. — Ailmiralty minute in the case of the 
Jj^nrourt issucil. '* Their lonlships are of 
opinion that the primary cause of the disaster 
was clearly the unsafe course steered by the 
snuadrun in obedience to signals from the flag- 
ship. It api^cars that Vice- Admiral Wellesley, 
<m Kaving liibraltar» conducted the squadron 
under his command so close to the western 
shore of the bay that, with the weather fine 
and clear, and the wind light, the leading ship 
of the in-shore division struck on the Pearl 
Rock, and was in imminent danger of being 
wreck e« I. Their Ion 1 ships cannot but feel that 
due care was not exerci-icd by the Vice-Admiral 
in command to insure that a safe course should 
be •Jtcenxl l»y his squadron ; and they greatly 
rcjjrol that, with such large and valuable ships 
in liis charge, he did not satisfy himself, by ex- 
amination <»f the course proposed, and by seeing 
them laid off on the chart, that the squadron 
would be taken a safe distance from a well- 
known and dangerous shoal." As the result 
of their deliberations, their lordships supersede<I 
Vice-Admiral Wellesley and Rear- Admiral 
Wilmot, and placed Staflf-Commander Kiddle 
on half- pay. 

SO. — Celebration of the Beethoven centenary, 
commenced at Bonn, under the direction of 
Franz Liszt. 

m. — An insane woman at Stow Bedon, 
nameil Ilamer, wife of a labourer, murders one 
of her own children by cutting its throat, and 
also a deaf and dumb idiot, 18 years of age, 
the daughter of her husband by a former 
marriai;e. 

— Parliament prorogued by Commission, the 
Royal Speech reatl on the occasion, making 
special reference to the Treaty of Washington, 
as embcKlying certain niles for the guidance o( 
neutrals, ** which may, I trust, ere long obtain 
general recognition, an<l form a valuable addition 
to the code of International Law." 

— Hurricane and earthquake at St. Thomas 
causing the loss of much pn^perty, and the 
injury or death of over 100 people. 

113. — Festivities at Inverary in connection 
with the arrival of the young Marquis, and 
Princes> Louise, at the castle. The rejoicings 
extended over three days. 

— Renforth, a famous Tyne oarsman, seized 
with fatal attack of apoplexy while 

rowing in the Anglo-Canadian boat-race at 
St. John's, New Brunswick. It was at fir-t 
thought that some drug had been maliciously 
administered to the champion puller, but a post- 
mortem cxaminalitm made it clear that death 
resulted from causes which could be otherwise 
accounted for. 

a A.— West Surrey, vacant through the death 
of Mr. C. Buxton, carried by Mr. Watney, Con- 
servative, against Mr. Levcson Gowcr, Liber&l, 
the numbers being 3,912 to 2,749. 
J022 



fi4>.— Stormv debate in the French Assenblf 
on a proposal made for the immediate di*^ 
Solution of the National Guard. A compromi* 
proposed by General Ducrot was adopted, 
which provided for such gradual dissolatkfs 
as might be permitted by the reorganizatioo of 
the army. 

a7.--Illness of the Queen at Balmoral Vin- 
ous recent rumours as to her Maiesty's heildi 
received some confirmation from the ann'MUice- 
ment in the Court Circnlar .— " The Queen has 
been suffering from severe sore-throat, head- 
ache, and grave general illness. Althoogh 
greatly Ijetter, her Majesty was not sofficieiitly 
recovered to attend Divine service." 

fl8. — The freedom of Glasgow presented to 
Lonl Shaftesbury. 

—Died, aged 78, Paul de Kock, Frtndi 
novelist 

i>©.— It is announced from Vienna that a 
«*I.«^Tue of Peace" has been formed at 
Gastein, to be directed against any power seek- 
ing to disturb the peace of Europe. Not only 
Austria and Germany, but Italy also, and per- 
haps even Russia, were described as likely to 
join the League. 

September 1.— Walter Montgomery, btc 
manager of the Gaiety Theatre, and who bad 
been married only two days since, committed 
suicide by discharging a pistol through Ws 
head in a bedroom adjoining an apartment 
occupied by his young wife. Deceased was 
interred in Brompton cemetery on the 5th, 
when Mrs. Montgomery dropped on the coffin 
the wreath of orange blossom she had wmi 
so recently at the altar. 

a.—The Court at Versailles pionomiced 
judgment on the first group of Commonist 
prisoners. Ferr^ and Lullicr were condemned 
to death ; Urbain and Trinquet to imprisonment 
for life with hard labour ; Assi, Billiorav, 
Champy, Rtfe^re, Paschal Grousset, Verdure, 
and Ferrat to transportation to a fortress; 
Jourde and Rastoul to simple transportation ; 
Courbet to six months' imprisonment and a 6ne 
of 50of.; and Clement to three months' im- 
prisonment. Descamps and Parent were ac- 
quitted. The Court afterwards engaged in the 
trial of forty women, chained with being con- 
cerned in firing Paris with petroleum. 

3. — Another riot in Dublin, a disorderly mob 
returning from an amnesty meeting attacking 
the police, and injuring about a score of them 
severely. 

— Accident on the French Northern Railway 
at Scclin, near Lille, a Paris express running 
into an ordinary train from Douai. Ten pas- 
sengers were killed. 

— The Bishop of Winchester, presently the 
guest of Mr. Ellice, M.P., Invergarry, preached 
in the parish church. Glengarry, observing the 
usual Presbyterian form. The Aichbi^k^ erf 



SEFFEMBER 



IS7I, 



SEPTEAfBEJ^ 




Vofk oAdatod in the sftine place the following 

'"' " in the Moss Colliery, Wigan, 
. f sixtx-ome men and boys 
c was known as the nine-feet 

As aoom *5 the surface damage coald be 
iie|iAmd, ft band of explorers descended one of 
the shafti md found that the men working in 
•AOllier put pf the mine were safe. They were 
dnwn up. along with some who were nearest 
Ike dn/t in the part where the explosion had 
Momvd. Another explosion took place while 
the exploccn were t)clow ; and alihout;h they 
rumt «p ontnjured the sides of the pit were 
Imported to be on 6re. It then became necessary 
tedflse the shaft, so that all hope was given up 
of iAving any other of the large body of work- 
men known to be in the pit. 

— Meeting at Sabbtirg between the Em- 
perora of Germapy and Austria, to complete, 
It was gtvai out, certain details of the League 
of Pe»ce* 

7. — Itted unexpectedly, of puerperal fever, in 
her aand year, Sybil Grey, Duchess of St. 
Albaiis, 

— Br^hlon poisoning case, the magistrates 
|»-da]r oommitting Miss Christina Edmunds for 
txiat on the charge of attempting to poison a 
Uy Qaraed Boyes by sending her a cake wtth 
woKMttc in tL A charge of murder in reference 
|o Om sodden death, with symptoms of strych- 
aia pubomng, of the little boy Sidney Albert 
Htfkcr wsa next gone into. The theory of the 
powyitriott in this ca<^e was, that the pKsoner 
Ml eonfidved a gvtihy pos^on for E)r. lleani» 
^Mi wliGM family stie was on visiting terms ; 
tbM. itbe liad attempted to poison his wife with 
-a cbooolate crram ; and thnt then, Dr. Beard 
MiMCtini; hrr^ she hiid procured a number of 
mtm tweet meats, put strychnia upon them, 
wA roiumcd them to the shop of Mr, Maynard, 
A coolectioner frt>m whom they were pro- 
anedt in order that other persons might 
ht BMde lllf or even killed, and suspicion 
4irated irom her in res[>ect of the attempt 
io^ |K»%an NfnL Beard, After the inquest on 
IJbe boy his father received three anonymous 
Ictien to the etTect that there was a general 
ftrlHg of indignation in the town at the pro- 
ceedinci ^ the inquest, blaming Mr. Maynard 
■cioacty for having sold the chocolate creams 
allcar Ittving been warned, urging Mr* Barker 
to talEe lurvier proceedings ; and slating that 
if be did not prosecute Mr. ^!ayna^d other 
poiliei wouJd, and that, having made three 

It ill, he ought to be prosecuted. An 
who had examined the letters belleverl 
i to hAve been wKiten by the same hand as 
\ kaoiWR to have come from the prisoner. 
<Nl WiV committed on this capital charge she 
nlttliilea no signs of emotion or regret 

•,— 71»« (it of the Rev. R. W. 

dotcb to (I' j of Su y^uVs gazetted. \ 



I 



10.— Died, aged 77 yeam, Richard Bcntley, 
pubUahcr, founder, in conjunction Mith Charlca 
Dickens, of the periodicaJ known as *'BentIey'a 
Miscellany.'* 

11. — Foundation-stone of a new Seaman's 
Orphan Institution laid at Newsham Park, 
Liverpool. 

13. — Opening of the Mont Cents Tunnel, 
the first train, with the engineer, Graltoni, 
and some friends, passing through to the 
northern outlet in 40 minutes. The maximum 
temperature inside the carriages was 25 deg. 
centigrade. Two hours later iTie train relumed 
to the Italian side, the journey occupying 55 
minutes. The tunnel was then found entirely 
clear of the steam discharged during the pre- 
vious journey. The formal opening of the tnnnel 
took place on the i8tli, when a banquet was 
held to celebrate this great achievement of 
engineering skill, and a statue of Poleocapa, 
Minister of Public Works for Sardinia, was 
unveiled by the King at Turin, 

— The Don caster St. Leger won by 
Baron Rothschild's Hannah, which had before 
carried off the One Thousand Guineas and 
Oaks. To make the Baron's triumph unpre- 
cedented in turf annals, be had also carried off 
the Derby with Favonius. 

— The King of Spain enters Barcelona in 
the course of a tour tluough the eastern portion 
of his dominions, 

14^. — Continued anxiety being still mani- 
fested regarding the health of the Queen, the 
British Medical JcmrnaJ announces that her 
Majesty has passed through a trying and severe 
ilhiess, from which she is now happily re- 
covering. 

10. —First mimic battle of the campaign 
undertaken by three divisions of regular troops, 
militia, and volunteers, in I he district round 
Aldershott fixed in tlie '* Military Mancetivres 
Act ** of last Session. The first division, com- 
prising the Guards, under the command of 
Lieutenant-General Sir Hojie Grant, repre- 
senting the British army in defence of the road 
to London, was engaged at the same time 
in repelling the attacks of the second division, 
under Major-General Carey, and of the third 
division, under Major-General Sir Charlet J 
Staveley. f 

18. — Explaining his position as mediator 
in the strike still pending among the engineers, 
the Mayor of Newcastle writes : — ** 1 was asked 
by Sir VViiliam Armstrong whether I was 
authorized by ihe representatives of the men to 
make such a proposition. 1 replied that, for 
obvious reasons, I was not, but that, neverthe- 
less, 1 believed that if I, as a neutral partv, 
proposed it equaHy to both parties, they would 
accede to it. Some further conversation en- 
sued, on which I retired. 1 believe that the 
unwillingness of the masters to a§ytt Vi V\«& 
proposition arose from ll\e baid M\d fet^ ^itwc. 
adopted by the men a& lo \!kvc Tcvme\««iT!i»«wl^ 



SEPTEMBER 



1871. 



SEPTEMBER 



from their great haste in commencing the 
tt niggle, as evinced by their indisposition to 
lengthen their notices — a great mistake, in my 
vii^w, on their part. But I was then and am 
still of opinion that, even with both parties 
eqaally resolute in their own views, a conference 
or explanation, undertaken at the request, 
t.irough myself, of influential inhabitants of the 
town, might have ended in some modification 
on one or lx)th sides, and have so brought this 
conflict, sad in every respect, to an end, and it 
wai with this view T proposed it." Mr. Burnett 
also wrote on the part of the men, blaming tlie 
employers for continuing the strike. 

18. — Died, aged 69, G. A. Hamilton, for 
many years Permanent Secretary of the Trea- 
sury, and latterly a member of the Irish Church 
Temporalities Commission. 

19.— Died, aged 73, Rev. Richard William 
Jelf, D.D., Canon of Christ Church, and for- 
merly Principal of King's College, London. 

ilO. — Chief Justice Norman stabbed at 
Calcutta by a fanatical Wahabee named Ab- 
doola, a native of Upper Bengal. The 
assassination took place as Mr. Norman was 
entering the Calcutu High Court, when his 
;is>ailant suddenly rushed upon him in the 
vestibule and inflicted a deep wound in the 
abdomen with a dagger. As there was no 
one at hand except a native solicitor and a court 
servant, Mr. Norman ran back, but was fol- 
lowed b^ the assassin brandishing his dagger, 
and agam stabbed in the back close to the 
spine. After this, Mr. Norman kept off his 
assailant for a few seconds by picking up stones 
and throwing them at him, till a punkawalla 
connected with the court, attracted by the 
cries, ran up to the Mussulman and knocked 
him do^^n with a piece of wood. The assassin 
struggled violently, but was soon disarmed and 

1>revent(Ki from doing further injury. The stabs 
le had already inflicte<l, however, caused 
mortal w^ounds, and Mr. Norman only lingered 
till shortly after one o'clock next morning. 
The murderer, who at first pretended insanity, 
was quickly tried and executed, and his body 
burnt. 

-* Mr. Butt, a Home Rale candidate^ 
returned for Limerick unopposed. 

— Dr. Patteson, Bishop of Melanesia, 
murdered by natives of Santa Cruz, in revenge 
it was thought for gross outrages recently 
committed by Europeans engaged in the slave 
or "labour" trade. Mr. Brooke, with 
another clei^man, the Rev. J. Atkin, an 
alumnus of St. John's College, Auckland, and 
one or two native Christians, had been left for 
a few months, in pursuance of the regular plan 
of the Mission, at Florida, a small member of 
the Solomon Islands group, some distance to 
the north-west of Santa Cruz. At the end 
of August, the Bishop called for them in the 
S(mthern Cross^ and took them aboard. After 
visiting several islands on the way, they made 
foi Santa Cniz, and on the 20lh of September, 
iOJ4 



reached, not the large island whidi gives its 
name to the group, but one of its small oat- 
Hers, Nupaka, at which the Mission scfaoona 
had been accustomed to call first, in order to 
procure an interpreter for Santa Cruz itself, 
where the language had not yet been mastered. 
On this occasion no boats put oflf to meet 
them. This was an unusual circumstance, 
which in itself gave an indication of danger. 
But four canoes hovered near the reef, and the 
Bishop, taking with hira Mr. Atkin and three 
natives, put off in a boat to join them. The 
boat could not cross the reef; and the Bishop, 
leaving the rest of the crew in diaige, went 
ashore in a canoe belongine to two diie& 
whom he knew, Taula and Moto. The boat 
remained near the reef at about ten yards 
distance from the canoes. Suddenly, with- 
out any warning, a volley of eight arrows 
was poured from them into the boat's crew. 
Every shot at that short distance took effirct 
Mr. Atkin was shot in the left shoulder, 
one of his companions in the right, and 
Stephen Taroaniara was trussed with six 
arrovrs in his shoulders uid chest The 
boat immediately pulled off to the ship. The 
wounded crew were replaced by a freih one, 
with the exception of Mr. Atkin, who, in spite 
of his wound, was obliged to act as pilot ; and 
they started again, with sad presentiments, to 
ascertain what was become of the Bishop, who 
had been left ashore. The tide had risen and 
the boat pulled over the reef. What followed 
may be told in Mr, Brooke's own words: — '*No 
canoes approached— but a tenantless one, with 
something like a bundle heaped up in the 
middle, was floating alone in the lagoon. The 
boat pulled up to this, and took the heap or 
bundle out of it and brought it away, a yell of 
triumph rising from the beach. As they 
pulled alongside, they murmured but one word ~ 
• The body.' " That was indeed their melan> 
choly freight ; but it had been strangely and 
carefully prepared for theuL It was no 
murder or deed of blind vengeance executed 
in the sudden fury of the moment It wore 
the aspect of a deliberate judicial act, and 
suggested the idea of a sacrificial victim sent 
fortn as a ghastly herald to announce its solemn 
completion to the foe. There lay the body, 
not mutilated or insulted, but wrapped care- 
fully in native matting, and tied at the neck 
and ancles. Into the breast was thrust a 
palm frond on which were tied five thick knots! 
When the covering was removed, the manner 
of his death became apparent He had pro- 
bably been first shot by a volley of ant>u-s, and 
then despatched by the blow of a tomahawk. 
The right side of the skull was found to be 
completely shattered, the top of the head was 
cloven by some sharp weapon, and there were 
numerous arrow-wounds about the body. Yet 
amidst all this havoc and ruin, sayt the 
narrator of the sad spectacle, '*the sweet face 
still smiled, the e^es dosed, at if the patient 
martyr had had time to breathe a prmjer fcir 
these his murderers. There was no agn of 



i37i. 



SEPTEMBER 



I supreme m 

II our remem- 
1" our revered 
' So fell at 

iicsia^ happier 

latc death than his 

TIL Atkin died af 

' [1 on the 

1 of the 

_ . . I the isl 

1827, went out 10 New i^ealand with 

ScJ wfvn in 1854, and was consecrated 

clmncsi^ by Bishops Sclwyn, Abra- 

'lot»hoii*e in St. Paurs Church, 

■im St Mattliias's Day, 1861, 

, — M. Rochefort sentenced by the Vcr- 
tnbunal lo ioipriwiuiient far life in a 

— The Chief Justice of Utah territory 
Imirsda the grand jury, that bigamy there 
w« A cflnae a* elsewhere in the United States, 
aad oiilered his ofl&cers of Court, if thc)r knew 
p/L ■nyoDe prmctising polygamy, to britig indict* 
ii>e»U Kjpuiist them a» criminals, 

— Tjiqviry ooiumencctl into the chafges 
l«oa|^ •gminst the mani^emcnt of Hampsl&id 
taau FoK Hcispital. 

^— ^ Mttfiicriiid suicide in a railway carnage 
rtt Ibe Ma&cbcstef »iid Liverpool line, a man 
tttAot Wanlen ftr^I i^hooting his wife, from 
tKhooi he liad been scpmrated lately, and then 
hinyctf. 

JM. the ca^e of the Newcastle 

conmry ro tlie TiHUs^ to-day, 
h;l; point't out the loss 
J the employer by the 
his plant "Asa mere 
1 reduction from 59 to 
, r^ents a money gain to 
rkmaJi of aixiut %\ i>er cent on the 
bis li^joor. To the employer the 
|U the same ; but the indi- 

rcT of estimate, varying 
f-^.tdce. In my ow^n caic, 
certainly regard it ns equal to the 
ilfvct Uhi on wa^en, %.m\ I lielieve that en- 
(iti^en la general would nmcur in the sub 
MaiilkJ accuracy of this c&timnte. U[)on this 
iricw the fftdiictwn of time claimed by our men 
W0i^ be alleodcd with a gnin to them oi %\ 
per txtkl. on tlie amount of ihcir wages, and of 
ft loM to iii equal to 17 per cent on the same 
ttBOOttt To ntppo^e thit the average profits 
H the if»^e have of late years been such as 
10 admit of a deduction to tl 




that extent is 



— Oftefiinft of the Old Catholic Congrcsa 

tt Mur ^ - ' ■ over by H err Wolf, A 

i«poti iJial they recognised the 

kom* »o far a* the same b 

Vfcect nee with the writings of 

|jj»f -i rA\ and the deo>:ii>ns of 

^^^^^B ' the Greek 



plishcd, as well as that a gradual understand- 
ing with Protestantism and the Episcopal 
English and American Church may be arrived 
at Dr. DciUinger delivered an historical dis- 
sertation on the Church of Ulrccht 

asl.^The Hampshire military nian<£uvres 
brought to a close with an inspection by the 
Commander-in-Chief at Aldersholt 7 he force 
on the ground comprised a grand total ol 
30,233 men, S3 701 horses, and 90 guns. 

— Died, aged 52, Irwin Lewis Willis, the 
" Argus *' of the PosCs sporting columns, 

— Transatlantic Company's ship Lafay^tU 
burnt at Havre. 

a4.— Dieil, aged 85. Louis L Papineau, a 
leader in the Canadian revolt of 1837. 

— Died, aged 66, Samuel Solly, F.R S., 
surgeon* 

SO* — Acknowledging the compliment of the 
freedom of the city of Aberdeen conferred upon 
him today, Mr. Gladittone said, if the doctrine 
of Home Rule were to be establishtfd in Ire- 
land, Ihcy would be just as well entitled to it in 
Scotland ; ** and, moreover, I protest on behalf 
of Wales, in which I have bvcd a good deal, 
and where there are 800,000 people, who to 
this day, such is their sentiment of nationality, 
speak hardly anything but their own Celtic 
tongue — a larger number than speak the Celtic 
tongue, I apprehend, in Scotland, and a larger 
number than speak it, 1 apprehend, in IrclaniJ 
—1 protest on behalf of Wales that they aie 
entitled to Home Rule there. Can any sensible 
man, can any rational man suppose that at this 
lime of day, in ihU condition of the world, we 
are going to disintegrate the great capital insti- 
tutions of this country for the purpose of making 
ourselves ridiculous in the sight of nil mankind, 
and crippling any power we possess for bestow- 
ing benefits through legislation on the country 
to which we belong? The Prime Minister 
admitted one grievance— " a grievance with 
reganl to university education, which is not so 
entirely free in Ireland as it has now been made 
in England ; but that is an exceptional subject, 
and it is a sntyect on which I am bound to say 
Ireland has made no united dietnand upon 
England; still, I regard it as a subject that 
calls for legislation ; but there is no demand 
which Ireland has made and which England 
has refused, and I shall be very glad to see 
such a demand put into a practical shape in 
which we may make it the subject of candid 
and rational discussion." 

— Mr. Disraeli presides at theannnal dinnei 
of the Hughcndcn Horticultural Society, In 
proposing the health of the (Jueen, the right 
lion, gentleman spoke of the state of her 
Majesty's health, which, he said, had f<fr 
several years been the subject of anxiety t*i 
those about her ; but it was only this year 
that the country generally had liccome ao- 

?uaiated with the gravity of her cowdilwm, 
fc believed there ^a& tOTC^ Xtfti^tox^iwttOk. 



OCTOBER 



1871. 



OCTOBER 



In her Majesty*s health, but he feared that a 
1 .ng time roust elapse before her Majesty 
would be able to resume the performance of 
Siose public and active duties which it was 
#11^ her pride and pleasure to fulfil, because 
they l)rought her in constant and immediate 
cimtact with her people. "The fact is," he 
aiided, **we cannot conceal from ourselves that 
her Majesty is physically and morally incapa- 
citated from perlormintr those duties ; but it is 
some consolation to her Majesty's advisers to 
know tlia^ viith reeard to those much higher 
dutie: which her Majesty is called upon to 
fHrrform, she still performs them with a punctu- 
ality and a precision which have certainly 
never been surpassed, \ nd rarely equalled by 
any monarch of these realms." 

27. — Writing from Balmoral to Mr. 
Whalley, the Prime Minister replies to a 
(|uestion which the member for Peterborough 
had put, on the part, he said, of his consti- 
tuents: — '* I quite agree with those of your 
constituents, on whose behalf you address 
me, in thinking that the question ' Whether 
the Prime Minister of this country is a mem- 
l>er of the Church of Rome,* and being such 
not onlv declines to avow it, but gives through 
a long life all the external signs of belonging 
to a difTerent communion, is a ' question of 
great political importance,' and this not only 
* in the present,' but in any possible ' condition 
of the Liberal,' or any other * party.* For it 
involves the question whether he is the basest 
creature in the kingdom, which he has a share 
in ruling ; and instant ejectment from his office 
would be the smallest of the punishments he 
would deserve. If I have said this much 
upon the present subject, it has been out of 
personal respect to you. For I am entirely 
convinced that, while the question you have 

gut to me is in truth an insulting one, you 
ave put it only from having failed to notice 
its true character ; since I have observed, 
during an experience of many years, that even 
when you undertake the most startling duties, 
you perform them in the gentlest and most 
considerate manner." 

— Emancipation Bill passed in the Brazilian 
Senate by 33 to 4 votes. 

30. — Exhibition at South Kensington closed, 
liaving been visited during the season by 
1,142,154 persons. 

October 1. — ^The King of Spain returns to 
Madrid after a tour of thirty days in the 
provinces, where he met with an enthusiastic 
reception. 

— Brigham Young arrested by the United 
States authorities, on a chai^ge of lewdly 
'.ohabiting with sixteen young women. Troops 
were also despatched at this time to Salt Laxe 
City. 

— Rev. C. Voyscjr, deprived of the vicar- 
Mge of JlcMlauffb by the Judicial Comniittee of 

J026 



the Privy CoanctI, opens reguUir services ti 
St. George's Hall, Langham Place. 

fl. — Tlie Spanish Cortes abandon the pnv 
posed liquor taac, but impose a duty of II per 
cent, on travellers and merchandize conveyed 
by railways. Another duty was imposed od 
shares and bonds. 

— Medianics' Institute at Bradford, erected 
at a cost of 32,500/., opened by Mr. Forster, 
M.P., with an address, in which he reviewed 
the recent action of Pailiament on the subj^ 
of education. 

— Insurrectionary movements in the city 
of Mexico. The bulk of the garrison prov«) 
true to their allegiance, and shot, it was said, 
150 of the insurgents. 

— Died at Dublin, aged 79, Sir Thomas 
Deane, architect, formeriy President of the 
Rojral Hibernian Academy. 

4. — Triple explosion in the premises of an 
oil and colounnan in Manor Street, Kiof's 
Road, Chelsea. 

— Died, aged 77, John Scott, of Malton, 
the trainer of sixteen Sl Leger and four 
Derby winners. 

— Mayor Hall, of Ne# York, attends the 
Nashville Police-court to offer boil for his 
appearance to answer the charges of apprY>- 
priating and misusing the public funds of the 
city. 

6. — Newcastle strike closed after lasting 
nineteen weeks. The conditions of agreement 
conceded fifty-four hours per week, the men 
to work overtime when and to what extent 
might be required by the employers. Wages, 
both as to ordinary wages and as to overtime, 
to remain the same in the different factories as 
existed prior to the strike; and to be paid 
weekly at 12.15 ^-M. on Satardav. The agree- 
ment to be for twelve months, with permission 
to either party to terminate it at the end of six 
months, by giving one month's previous notice. 
The men to go to work on the arrangement 
now existing in the shops (fifty-sevenhours), 
and the new terms (fifty-fonr) to take date from 
January i, 1872. 

7.— Died, aged 89, Field Marshal Sir John 
Burgoyne, a Peninsular veteran, and command- 
ing engineer at the siege of New Orleans. 

8.— Murder of Mrs. Watson, Stockwell 
Crescent, by her husband, the Rev. J. Selby 
Watson, for twenty-five years head-master of 
Stockwell Grammar School, and well known 
in the literary world as the biographer of 
Warburton and Porson. This (Sunday) even- 
ing tiie servant left the house, and did not 
return to it until nearly ten o'dodc When 
she returned, Mr. Watson told her that htf 
mistress had left for the country, and would be 
absent five or six days. On Monday monin^ 
Mr. Watson called at the shop of Mr. Turner, 
a packing-case maker, carrying on bvaness at 
Na 219, CU^^bam Rq«i\, and reqtiested to 



7B£J^ 



1871 



OCTOBER 




The ftT. gentletnan was 
0^,4 and collected, and upon Mr« 
^BiakiBf^ hL» appearance he said to him : 
ftt yoQ. to maike a Imi^ge chest for me, 
pud 1 mat It done sh^irp ; and it must b« air 
ifid VBter ti]»lit, for I want to send it by raih" 
Tint ho% WA4 afterwards countermanded^ but 
1 aiasorrtnetit i>f the crouched body of Mrs. 
Walaoii, iihowed that U would have ^one hito 
tmdk a ot>e as was onierod. On Tuesday he 
|t» a dicmiu^s shop, where he waa well 
aaked fur some prussic acid. 
Tlriswa» cdiiied him, but he must have ob- 
: kind of mixture, for on his return 
i be fttM I he ^irl thai if anything happened 
i<i send at once to 
u; of the Ulh he 
iL letters, which he 
t «pon the dre -ne of them being 

■ "*Toit !." He then went 

to bed again, and about eleven o'clock the 
Minraiit heard him making a moaning notse, 
And iAie imrri ' ent to Dr. Rugg, stating 

that Her ma x fii of apoplexy. Dr. 

Ruflgw-"' ..,^^'f where the servant put 

tlieiur ^r into his hand : — ** In a fit 

cf io\ called my wife. Often and 

oUtai have 1 endeavoured to restrain myself, 
lilt vtf rage overcame me, and I struck her 
Her boiJy will be found in the little 
off the library. 1 hone that she will be 
1 at becomes a lady of birth and position. 
She la aa Irish lady, and her name is Anne. 
The key is in a letter on the table/' Dr. 
KilgIS immrdiatelv went upstairs to Mr 
ViM^osL, Mr hum Ke found very weak and 
apparently suifcring from some 
|>obon. As the rc>ult of medical 
he recovered, and was removed to 
! station. The body of Mrs. Watson 
the meantime been found. Both 
I were beaten in, and there was a deep 
in the forcheacL A document in Ihe 
ra handwriting explained his wishes 
i event of his death, but gave no clue to 
' inaliTe for the crime, *^ I know not,'* he 
wrote, '*«fK«e business it will be to took to 
|>fOpertr lef^» as my little possessions will be 
my DDol^ and furniture. My only brother was 
livi^S «ben I last heard of him hvc or six 
MKE SfQ in America, at &2, Grand Street, 
WSfiuiibai^, and a niece with him. He is 
lieif if be U still alive. 1 know not if I 
any other luniving relatives. Une 
yttei'^ wftges wilJ soon h« due to my servant, 
' [t ' :i to be more than 

.nt of the trouble 
.1-. ^.-i csent time, and the 
has borne othertroubles, 
^und 5/. ios» I leave a 
riy of them very oldj 
^ I those who handle them 



^ — lUffiitiii^ i.ftlie cjtv ortnilcAfTn. founded 

of over 
• i^atfirsi 




reported to have been caused by a cow klck-i 
ing over a kerosene oil lamp in a stable, and so 
setting fire to the straw litter gathered there ; 
but the official report of the Fire Commissioners 
appointed to iuve.sligaie its origin did not 
favour this surmise as to the cause of the 
calamity. All that could be established by 
evidence was that a drayman named Sullivan 
observed the fire after it had made some pro- 
gress in a two-stoity frame bam, in the rear of 
premises No. 137, Dekoreii Street, owned by 
Patrick Leary* This was about half-past nine 
P.M., when the whole of the inmates wet^ 
in bed and asleep. Witnesses Jiving near the 
site of the outbreak, thought that from ten to 
fifteen minutes elapsed between the alarm and 
the arrival of the first engine. On reaching 
the fire^ three or four buildings in the block 
were burning fiercely, favoured by a strong 
breeze from the south -west, which spread the 
flames rapidly among the old wooden buildings 
in that part of the city. Early in the evenings 
indeed^ it was seen that the entire Fire 
Department, though working with the ut- 
most energy, could do little to counteract the 
progress of the flames. A little after ten 
o'clock a sudden gust carried the fire across the 
river, between Van Buren and Adams Streets, 
by means of flying brands, and set fire td 
Poweirs roofing establish men t, atljoimng thtf 
gasworks. Before thi.s time, the watchmsm in 
the Court House cupola had twice extin- 
guished the fire caught from brands carried 
by the wind into the Court House balcony 
from the west side^ a distance of a mile. At 
II o'clock the keeper of the crib of the lake 
tunnel, two miles from the shore and three 
miles from the fire, found the sky full of sparks 
and burning brands, and from 11,30 till morn- 
ing, he testified, wrought with all his might to 
prevenit the wooden roof of the crib from burn- 
mg up and destroying himself and wife, Fratn 
Powell's roofing establishment the progress ol 
the fire was rapid and terrific, sweeping every- 
thing in its course. The engines had all been 
working on the west side, and they could not 
reel 600 feel of hose each, cross the river 
and get to work soon enough to prevent its 
spreading, literally, on the wings of the wind. 
Blowing up building in the face of the breeze 
was tried, and without any benefit. The 
Court House and waterworks, though a mile 
apart, were burning at the same time. Gun- 
powder, however, Mas used for blowing up 
buildings next day, with good cflect, in 
cutting off the fire at the extreme south 
end. After the waterworks fell, the fire- 
men cutdd do little good with their engines, 
except on the banks of the river. It ap- 
peared at one lime as if the flames no 
MX>ner reached a wall than they passed quite 
through it. A few minutes sufliccd to deatroj 
the most elaborately InilU structure ; the walls 
melted, atid the very bricks were consumed. 
The wooden pavement took fire, making a con- 
tinuous ihcct of (Umc Uh) wvW^ \ot\^\i^ -a. \wifc 
wide. No human W\t\^ ci3tt\4 v^\^>V| »it<\^^ 



OCTOBER 



1371. 



OCTOBER 



many minutes. Block after block fell, and the 
red-hot coals shot higher and higher and spread 
further and further, to the north side of Lake 
Street. It was a va*t mountain of flame from 
the river to the lake. At one time so hemmed 
in were the people that it was expected thou- 
sands must perish. Sherman, Iremont, and 
other hotels were emptied of their guests, and 
a remarkable sight presented itself in the hurry- 
ing throngs with trucks, sacks, or bags on their 
shoulders, fleeing amid flames for their lives. 
Thousands of persons and horses inextricably 
commingled ; poor people of all colours and 
shades and of every nationality, from Europe, 
Cliina, and Africa, in the excitement, struggled 
with each other to get away. Hundreds were 
trampled under foot Men and women loaded 
vith bundles and household goods, and to 
whose skirts hung tender infants, half-dressed 
and barefooted, all rushed to a place of 
safety. Hours afterwards these might have 
been seen in vacant lots, or in the streets far 
out in the suburbs, stretched in the dust. The 
area over which the fire swept was put down at 
2,0^0 acres, divided thus among the three 
divisions of the city : — About 160 acres in the 
west division, 500 acres in the south, and 1,400 
acres in the north. The total loss of property, 
200,000,000 dollars ; number of buildings 
burned, between 17,000 and 18,000 ; and lives 
lost about 200, although not more than 117 
were reported to the coroner. A calamity 
like this, unparalleled in magnitude, and 
demanding instant relief, naturally excited 
sympathy m every country to which the intelli- 
gence was wafted, and relief in clothing, food 
and money commenced to flow towards the 
100,000 homeless and destitute sufferers on a 
most gigantic scale, the United States, Canada, 
and Great Britain rivalling each other in the 
work of benevolence. Before the flames had 
been subdued in several quarters, the work of 
rebuilding was begun. 

11. — Rumours published of an alleged new 
" social alliance " between a body described as 
a ** council of skilled workmen " and certain 
Conservative statesmen, the most of whom 
at once repudiated all connection with the 
movement. (See Aug. 1st). 

— Fenian raid into Canada under General 
O'Neill, who seized the Custom House at 
Manitoba and the Hudson's Bay Port. He 
was seized by American troops, and his follow- 
ers scattered. 

1 a. —Free Library at Derby opened by the 
Mayor and Corporation. 

— Convention signed by Prince Bismarck, 
Count Amim, and M. Pouyer-Quertier, con- 
cerning the annexation of the French Depart- 
ments, and the position to be occupied by 
Alsace and Lorrame in regard to import and 
export duties. 

13. — In the height of the consternation 
caused by the Chicago fire, additional calamities 
of the same kind continue to be rq>oned from 
1.28 



America. ** The forest fires,** it was given out, 
** have desolated the St. Clair, Huron, Tuscob, 
and Sanilac counties of Michigan. Huron City, 
Forestville, Whiterock, and many other villages 
have been destnwed. Many persons have 
perished in the flames, and great losses io 
cattle, horses, and winter stores have been 
sustained. News comes from Toronto that a 
large portion of the flourishing Canadian town 
of Windsor, opposite Detroit, was burned dowv 
Yesterday morning." Another telegram, a itt 
nours later, made public the startling news^-> 
'* The entire town of Mainstre, in Michigan, 
has been destroyed by fire. Two handled 
houses and six mUls have been bnmed, and the 
loss is estimated at 1,250,000 doU. In Wis- 
consin also four villages on the Green Bay 
River have been burned, with a fearfiil loss oi 
life. The inhabitants were surromided by the 
flames and 150 fugitives burnt alive m a 
barn. Hundreds of persons were driven into 
the river, and altogether 500 people are said to 
have perished. " The worst of all was at Pesh- 
tego, a place of 2,000 inhabitants, which was 
reached by the fire soon after the people re- 
turned from the evening service at churcL An 
ominous roaring sound was first heard ; then 
flakes of fire like meteors fell in different parts 
of the town, igniting whatever they toucher^ 
A fierce wind arose, and everything beca.ue 
enveloped in fire, smoke, hot sand, and cinders 
Numbers who fled in afinght were suffo- 
cated and burned before they could advance 
many steps. The storm lasted only half an 
hour, but the buildings and the woods burned 
all night The forest surrounding the village 
was in a blaze; and the flames being driven 
into the vilkge, it presented one mass of fire. 
The people living close to the river reached it 
and walked in up to their necks. They re- 
mained in the water from two to four houis, 
and endured the heat only by wetting their 
heads. Many who lived one or two streets from 
the river were overtaken by the flames and 
burned to death. Whole families were thus 
destroyed. Next morning the streets were 
strewn with burned bodies ; in one case eighty 
or ninety being found together. 

13. — M. Leon Say, Prefect of the Seine, 
and M. Vautrein, President of the Municipal 
Council of Paris, attend a meeting of the Com- 
mon Council at Guildhall to present an address 
expressive of the thankfulness of the citizens of 
Paris for the sympathy and material aid sent 
from London on the raising of the siege. 

— Died, aged 75, Sir Francis Graham Moon, 
Bart, fine art publisher, and Lord Mayor of 
London in 1855. 

14". — Public funeral of the escape-conductor, 
Joseph Ford, who died from injuries received 
at; a fire in Gray's Inn Road, after rescuing six 
of the inmates. 

15. — Collision in Shields harbour, the 
ProvUnue of Sunderliaid sinking with five of 
her crew. 




comaatg the German Parliament, tKc 
r William explained at some length 



.— Tb« brinn title AWA blown op off 
She lud on board 2,000 barrds oJf 
'fcliolnuxi and 100 ImutcU uf resin. 

— In 
Emperor 

iHe reoeol fnendly negotiations with Austna. 
**Th< Germtn Empire," he said, "and the 
Antro^Hungaf IAD Imperial State are, by their 
^BOff*yM aT position and their historical de- 
KJofeni, so forcibly and in so manifold a 
jmamtr called upon to entertain friendly and 
iw^gfchniily relatiotu with each other, that the 
imei d these relations having ceased to be 
inxiblrd by the renuniscence of conflicts which 
were tlie umlcurable inheritance of the last 
thoiMiifi fcmrty will W received by the entire 
iiermmn naiion with sincere satisfaction. The 
keuff feoe|»cian which I« as representative of 
tliia £flipife, received in every part of the 
%nu FatHerLand» and which has filled mc 
Willi jofliil Miisfaction, but, above all, with 
thanks to God for the blessings which will in 
fdxufe DOl &il to our cons tint and honest en- 
d£svu«m, i« a pledge that such satisfaction 
« iM, In view of the complete development of the 
UefiBiiii Empiic, be felt by the great majority 

Dr* Livingstone arrives at Ujiji. 

iT» — Un veilbig of the statue erected to Ihe 
of Dean A 1 ford in a niche of the 
froot of Canlcrbiiry Cathedral* 

— Arrhbifthop Simmer's Memorial Schools 
•t Lunbetb open«d by the Archbishop of Can* 






19.^Died at his residence, Manchester 
SjiLLTc, aged 79, Charles Babbage, F.R.S., 
^ "''""^liicMui, and inventor of the *'calcu- 



r! by fire of Ashton 
' Hny field, Derbyshire, 
di% iiiici ki siitnlar building In Glasgow, 
fig to Houuon and Co., was also de- 

f, — Reform banquet in the Free Trade 

VI .,..\ — 1«^^ presided over by Earl 

ling the new social move* 

1 Secretary said it was per- 

*' tU«:rc is a mistake and inaccuracy 

M>d t** crrtain peers and disiinguished 

i; signed in private certain 

'.e arc in the dark, on the 

»> Lo what was the character of 

lions which Lord Salisbury in- 

ublic through the pre&s had been 

Iff communicated lo him. All I 

f iv that whatever their character may 

el nti alarm. I shall^ on the contrary, 

|if tho«c who hilherto have shown too 

tar} ^ 

WOOOifirere t> 

gml principles ol fieedoiii of iiade 
JM»wiicrc come so alive to one's under- , 



standing as sitting in this magnificent haU— ^1 
sliatl rejoice if, acting upon sound principles^ 
they come forward and give hands to the 
working classes, and ihereby greatly facilitate 
the work which, not only her Majesty's present 
Government, but, I am sure, all successive 
Govemments will have to undertake, which it 
the solution of many of the most pressing social 
questions of the day/* 

19* — Various pretended biographies of Mr* 
Disraeli making reference to his early conncc* 
lion with the press, he causes his solicitors tc 
make intimation that he had never at any 
time edited any newspaper, review, magazine, 
or other periodical publication, and rarely 
contributed to any, nor has he at any lime 
received or requited any remuneration for any- 
thing he has ever written, except for those 
works which bear his name," 

SI. — A jury sitting in Salt Lake City, 
Utah, return a verdict of guilty against a 
I^Lormon named Hawkins charged with poly- 
gamy. The announcement created much 
excitement. Counsel for the plaintiff moved 
that the defendant be taken into custody, and 
the motion was resisted hy the defendant '• 
attorney. The prosecution, liowever, were 
firm in their demand that the case should take 
the ordinary course, and the United States 
marshal was accordingly directed to hold 
Hawkins a prisoner. Time was allowed t« 
prepare a motion for a new trial and arrest of 
judgnicnt. The penalty prescribed b^ the 
Utah statute for the crime of adultery is im- 
prisonment fur not over twenty years nor less 
than three yearA, or a Ime of not over l,000 
dob,, or both fine and imprisonment, at the 
discretion of the courL 

fia. — Died in his 80th year, Sir Roderick 
Murchison, for many years the esteemed 
President of the Geological and Geographical 
Societies* 

SI3. — Mr. Gladstone writes to Sir George 
Pollack that, if it was agreeable to him to 
accept the office of Constable of the Towci, 
vacant by the death of Sir John Burgi^yne :— 
'* I shall be very happy to submit your name 
for her Majesty's approval* And I beg thai 
you will consiuer the prupiiial I now make aa 
one due solely to your public senices and dis* 
tinction. 1 have not yet forgotten the descrip 
tion given of those services by Sir Robert Peel 
when head of the Government, at the climax 
of your military career, after the catastrophe 
in AfTghanii^tan had been covered, through 
your exertions, with a meritei and conspicuous 
success. But it is a great pleasure to me to 
have an opportunity, alter the lapse of so many 
years, of again tendering to you a mark ol 
honour which 1 feel contident will have, if 
accepted by you, the gracious sanction of her 
Majesty, and the coniial approbation of the 
country." The appointment was acceoted^ 
on J gAicUed ^ov. 14* 



NOVEMBER 



1871. 



NOVEMBER 



a^ — Newcastle College of Physical Science, 
in connection with the University of Durham, 
opened by the Dean of Durham. 

as.— The Mansion House Fund for the 
relief of the Chicago sufferers reported to havS 
reached 41,189/. 

— Colliery explosion at Seaham, Durham, 
causing the death of thirty men. 

fl8. — Mr. Gladstone addresses his consti- 
tuents in an open-air meeting at Blackheath, 
dwelling chiefly on the important measures of 
the past session — abolition of purdiase, 
education, and the ballot In criticizing the 
new social movement the Prime Minister ad- 
mitted that much still remained to be done, 
though he was of opinion that law could not do 
all that was promised. ** Let the Government 
labour to its utmost ; let the Legislature labour 
days and nights in your service ; but, after the 
very best has been attained and achieved, the 
oucirtion whether the English father is to be 
tne father of a happy family and the centre of 
a united home is a Question which must depend 
mainly upon himself. And those who propose 
to you — whoever they may be — schemes like 
tliose seven points of which I have spoken ; 
those who promise to the dwellers in towns 
that every one of them shall have a house and 
garden in free air, with ample space ; those 
who tell you that there shall be markets for 
selling at wholesale prices retail quantities — I 
won't say are impostors, because I have no 
doubt they are sincere ; but I will say they are 
quacks." 

30.— Tlie Prince and Princess of Wales 
arrive at Scarborough, on a visit to Lord 
Londesborough. 

— Unveiling of a memorial in Berlin erected 
to the memory of the Riflemen of the Guard 
who fell in France. The Emperor William 
urged the soldiers present to gain military 
knowledge in time of peace, so that they 
might be found ready to defend their country 
again if called on. 

31. — Royal Warrant issued embodying the 
new regulations respecting promotion and 
appointments in the army, rendered necessary 
by the abolition of purchase. 

Morember 1. — The P. and O. steamer 
Rangoon^ with passengers and mails for Aus- 
tralia, wrecked m Galle harbour. 

3. — Columbia Market formally transferred 
by Lady Burdett Coutts to the Corporation of 
London. 

A.— Died, aged 78, Rev. Philip Wynter, 
D.D., President of St. John's College^ Oxford. 

6. — Sir James Colville and Sir Montague 
Smith take their seats as paid members of 
the Judicial Committee of Privy Council 

— Sir Charles Dilke, selected to second last 
year's Address, delivered a lecture at Newcastle 



on the expense of Royalty, in whidi he 
severely cntidzed the expenditure of the 
Royal household, and declared that the 
Queen, in spite of a promise given to Parlia- 
ment, had not been in the &bit of paying 
Income-tax. Thb statement was aftervmidi 
disproved by Mr. Lowe. A few days later Sir 
Charles, in a speech at Bristol, declared him- 
self a Republican. 

6.-~The Master of the Rolls dditcis 
judgment in the suit Peek v, Gumey and 
others, in which the plaintiff sought to render 
the surviving directors of that companv and 
the executors of a deceased director jointly and 
severally liable for the amount of the IO0 
sustained by him through his purchase of 
shares to the amount of about icx>,ooo/. ia 
the company. After an elaborate sunmihig 
up his Lordship dismissed the biU, but with- 
out costs, owing to the gross misconduct of the 
directors in issuing a fake prospectus as to the 
state of the bank. 

7.— Legal changes. Sir Robert Collier 
^uetted a Justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas, preparatory to his removal to the 
Judicial Committee of Privy CoundL He 
was succeeded as Attorney-General by Sir 
John Coleridge, Mr. Jessel stepping into the 
office thus vacant of Solicitor-General. 

— Monument at Vienna erected to the 
memory of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico 
unveiled in presence of the Emperor Francis 
Joseph, the Archdukes, Ministers, and a large 
body of spectators. 

— Lord DufTerin gazetted a peer of the 
United Kingdom, by the title of Viscount 
Clandeboye, of Clandeboye, in the county of 
Down, and Earl of Dufferin, in the county of 
Down. 

8.— The "fall" elections in the United 
States announced to have resulted in large 
Republican eains. The Tammanv candidates 
in New York were defeated by large 
majorities. 

— Count Beust resigns his position as 
Chancellor of Austria, and accepts the London 
Embassy. Other changes took place in the 
Austrian Cabinet at this time, chiefly in con- 
nection with the refusal of the Emperor to 
concede the demands made by the Czechs of 
Bohemia, for a separate Parliament on the 
Hungarian model Count Hohenwart, who 
favoured the Bohemian claim, resigned his 
position as Prime Minister in favour of Prince 
Udolf Auersperg, a leader of the old Liberal 
party. Count Beust was succeeded by Count 
Andrassy, and Count Lonyay became Prime 
Minister of Hungary. 

©. — Commenced at Portsmouth, on board 
the Duke of Wdlington^ a court-martial on 
Captain Thrupp and officers of the Megetra, 
The inquiiy was continued till the 17th, when 
the Court found the captain was "fully justified 
in beaching the ship, and that he woald not 



WEMBKR 



1871. 



NOVEMBER 



|sf« b«efi foitiBed in oondnaing his course to 
Afistralia, ilxwI duth therefotv acquit him of all 
amc in respect to iL The Court is further of 
I thai no hl&me whatever i^ attributable 
r officers amd mm under trial, hereinbefore 
A, for the str&ndiog and loss of her 
»lyN »hrp A/^ptem^ and doth therefore 
I them of all blame, and the said captain 
i other o^cen and men are hereby acquitted 
•COOl^tiie;ly.** 

lOf — ^Aftcr a trial extending over eleven days 
ItaiMn Kelhr h acquitted by the jury of the 
omdcr of lirad -Constable Talbot in the open 
•tnel, aad sfker a threat that he intended to 
Idle fbe IMe of hb victim, in reLiIiation for 
iKvii^ icfed the part of an informer against 
die FiSUBlia» An elaborate attempt was m:ide 
toaltfOW that ded^th did not result dbectly from 
tlie ircKiiid, but from nnskilfui surgical treat- 



ef ffee i 



— fjord Chief Justice Cockbum rem on- 
iric of the Bench and Bar, with 
It the contemplated removal of 
>cncral first to the Common 
hen to the Judicial Com mil lee of 
_ uncil* as a subtcrfnije and evasion 
' Act of Parliament passed last August, 
Kigttkting the appjintment. Disowning any 
desire to disparage the personal merits of Sir 
JL Collier^ the lird Chief Just ice described the 
I meaning of the Act in question, and 
I out that no exception was made therein 

r of any law officer of the Cro^vn. ** I 

naot help thinking/' he wrote, ** what would 
•ve been the language in which the Court of 
"Queen*! Bench would hive expressed ita 
opinion if such an evasion of a statute had been 
ite«l for the puq>^% of qualifying an in- 
U for a muniapal office, and the case 
rn brought before it on an information 
loftture of fM0 warratft^h In the prc5*fnt 
the Legislature having settled the 
I for the newly-created office, mo- 
^ invest a partv, otherwise not quali- 
V qualifying office, not that he shall 
i flie Utter, but that he may be immediately 
tramleTTed to the former, appears to me, 1 am 
1 to say, to be nothing less than the manu- 
■re of ft qualification, not very disMmilar in 
■iClef to the inanufacture of qua Hfi cations 
V ii we have known practiced m other in- 
o in order to evade the law. . . . From 
J member of the legal profession with whom 
1 kaVe been brought into contact in the course 
of Oie Uvt few dayi;, I have met with but one 
CKBicattOii of opinion as to the proposed fltcp — 
•R optaiOQt to u^^ *' — ' *^t term I can select, 
of ftroilCIIHl QTi ndemnation. Such 

j^tftle upon ' r,.\j ts the unanimous 

I of the profession. I have never in my 
sown of *o ^ronj» f*r imiversal an expres- 
j hati aim* tnsion, of opinion." 

(l:ulitone r as the tran^Ltion 

r..,^ 1.^1^(1 pjirt of it 
•^he leiter had 
cf Justice then 



wrote s — " My objection to the present appoint- 
tncnt of Sir Robert Collier is not an oVjjection 
to the appointment in sf^ but a^ being intended 
to create a factitious qualification for a seat otJ 
the Judicial Committee. It was because its 
ulterior object was to be your act that 1 twik 
the Htjcrty of addressing myself to jfou. Had 
I objected to the part of the transaction already 
completed, I should have addressed my obscr* 
vations to the Lord Chancellor/' The Lord 
Chancellor in reply defended the appointment 
as made with a full knowledge on his part r«f 
Mr Gladstone's intention to promote the At* 
tomey-General to the Judicial Committee. *' I 
have thus acted advisedly, and with the convic* 
tion that the arrangement was juslifted as 
regards both its fitness and its legality. I take 
upon myself the responsibility of thus concur- 
ring with Mr, Gladstone, and am prepared to 
vindicate the course pursneiL You will not, I 
trust, think that I am wanting in respect if I 
reserve my explanation for a more luitablc 0|>» 
portunity than could be aflTorded by a corre* 
spondence with yourself, cither directly or 
through the medium of Mr. Gladstone," The 
Jjord Chief Justice closetl the correspondence 
-with the remark that while he freely admitte>l 
he was '*not entitled to any explanntion of the 
course you have determined to adopt, 1 must 
in candour say that I think I might have ex- 
pected that grave objections to a proceeding 
connected with the administration of justice, 
coming from one holding the office I have the 
honour to fill, would have received somewhnt 
more consideration, and would not have been 
dismissed in quite so summary a manner. 
Under the circumstances, while you resent 
your explanation till a fitting opportunity f lall 
arise, so I, on my part, must reserve to myself 
the right to make public, when I may 
deem it proper, the fact of my protest and the 
ground'* on which it is founded, as stated m my 
letter to Mr. Gladstone,'^ 

10.— Henry M. Stanley, a travelling corre- 
spondent, sent out by the proprietor of the AVro 
York Hfraidy discovers Dr. Livingstone at 
Ujiji* As the procc<»sion of native guides and 
ajBsistants entered the town, Mr. Stanley ob- 
served a group of Arabs on the ri^ht, in the 
centre of which was a pale- look mg, grey, 
bearded, white man, whose fair skin contrasted 
with the sun^burnt visages of those by whom he 
was surrounded. Passing from the rear of the 
prijcession to the front, the American traveller 
noticed that the white man was clad in a red 
woollen jacker, and wore upon his head a 
nav^al cap, with a faded gilt band. In an 
instant he recognised the European as none 
other than Dr. Livingstone himself; but a 
dignified Arab chieftain, standing by, confirmed 
Mr Stiinley in a resolution to show no svmptom 
of rejoicing or excitement. Slowly advancing 
towards the great traveller, he l>owcd# and 
said, "Dr. Livingstone, I pre?iume?** to which 
addreM the latter, who ^aA f\i\\^ tQ>^V V<i V\\e 
occasion^ stmp\y smWed w\tl i^ijXwi^ ** N ^r 



NOVEMBEK 



187I. 



NOVEMBER 



(t was not till some hours afterwards, when 
alone together, seated on a goatskin, that the 
two white men exchanj;e<! those conjjratulations 
which both were capper to express, and recounted 
tlieir respective difficulties ami adventures. On 
the 20th they left Uji'i, and explored the 
northern end of I^ke Tanganyika, crmfirming 
by a si-cond inspect ii^n the olwcrvations which 
l.>r. Livint^stone had previously made; and after 
twcnty-eis^ht days thus pleasantly s|x.'nl, they rc- 
turnctl to l.*jiji. and there passed Christmas Day 
together. On the 26th ot Decemlter, they Kit 
for Unyanyeml»e, and, arriving there, stayeil to- 
gether till March 14, when Mr. Stanley, en- 
tniste<l with letters from Pr. Livingstone, 
started for the coa^t, leaving the explorer to 
trace out I he sources of the Lual.iba. Mr. Stanley 
handeil over to him 2, 7S8 yanls of v.irious kinds 
of cloths, 992 lbs. of iHiads, 350 lbs. of brass 
wire, a waterproof tent, an air-l>ed, a canvas 
b<»at. a bag of carpenter's tt)«)ls, arms and ammu- 
nition, cooking utensils, a mctlicine chest, and 
a sextant; ft)rming altogether about forty loads. 
Dr. Livingstone ako fouml thirty-three loads of 
his own stores, and Mr. Stanley calculate*! that 
the Doctor was thus supplie«l with sutVicient to 
last him four years. lie require*! a few ad- 
ditional articles from Zan/ilxir, especially a good 
watch and other instruments, and fifty trust- 
worthy men as carriers. These Mr. Stanley 
undertook to send up from Zanzibar, and set 
out for the coast with Livingstone's journal 
and letters on the 13th of March. I !e performed 
the march of 535 miles, wading through 
swamps, across ion cuts, and wearily tramping 
through dense jungle, in thirty-five days, and 
reached Bagamozyo on the 6th of May. Thus 
was this great work completed, a service for 
the i^erforniance of which Mr. Stanley earned 
and received the most cordial recognition from 
the Queen and people of England, and 
especially from the IVesident and Fellows of 
the Royal (icographical Society. 

11.— Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell elected Lord 
Rector of Kdinburgh University, by a majority 
of 92 votes over Sir Roundel! Palmer. 

13. — Mr. rigott, an Irish nei**spapcr pro- 
prietor, sentenced to four months* imprison- 
ment for publishing comments in the Irishman^ 
tending to bring the law officers of the Crown 
Into contempt, and insinuating that Kelly, even 
if he was guilty, had not gime l)eyond his duty 
in shooting I lead-constable Talbot. 

15. — Mr. Disraeli elected Ix)rd Rector of 
Gl.isgow University by a majority of 134 votes 
over Mr. Ruskin. 

16. — Earl Russell, writing from Cannes, ex- 
presses his approval of the object of the Educa- 
tion league in so far as it contended for the 
unsectarian character of rate-aided schools. He 
was not of opinion thai :he Bible, when read, 
should be read without note or comment; "but 
I think this is a point of so much difficulty, and 
there is so much danger of slipping into sec- 
tarian comments on the part of teachers, that I 
1032 



do not wonder at the opinion expressed by the 
League. My wish and hope is that the rising 
youth of England may be taught to adopt, not 
the Church of Rome or the Church of England, 
but the Church of Christ. The leaching of 
Christ, whether dogmatic or not, is to be found 
in the Hible, and those who in their infancy 
read the Bible may, at their r 'm choice, when 
they reach the age of fifteen or sixteen years, 
follow the teaching of the Church of Rome or 
of any Protestant community they may prefer. 
In this manner Christianity may be purgnl 
of the corruptions wh'ch, in the course of 
time, and amid the ccofiicts of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries, have stained its 
purity, and perverted its spirit of love and 
charity." On this the Church Herald re- 
marked : " There can be no importance at- 
tached to anything that so perverse and vicious 
an old Whig as Lord Russell can say on 
reli<;ious teaching." 

17. — Speaking at Lenzie, near Glasgow, on 
th? subject of her Majesty's health, the stale 
ol* which had lately caused considerable 
anxiety, Dr. Norman Macleod, lately returned 
^rom Balmoral, said he had never seen the 
remotest trace of any moral or mental weakness 
but in every instance remarkable evidence d 
moral and mental strength and capacity. *' HcT 
Majesty has just passed through a severe attack 
of rheumatic gout, which so aflfected her hai)<ii 
that for a time she was utterly unable to sigri 
her name, and from a severe neuralgia fR«m 
which she has entirely recovered, and I have 
never seen her better in spirits or better in 
health or stronger in mind than she is at the 
present moment. At the same time, I am far 
from saying that she has recovered herstreng'h 
so as to be able to do more than she is doing ; 
for I make bold to say that none of us have the 
slightest conception of the unceasing demand 
that is made upon a person in her high posiiiun 
of attending to innumerable details and carrying 
burdens upon her mind without the possibility 
of one moment's rest. . . . No one who knows 
the Queen but knows she would do all that it is 
ix>ssible for her to do, and no one who knovrs 
her but is amazed at her extraordinary conside* 
rateness for every one, how she occupies her 
thought upon every subject, and how she at- 
tends to such minute details of duty. I i»ill 
take it upon me to say that the case of the 
poorest subject in her kingdom, if made known 
to her, would receive her immediate attention." 

— The Spanish Minister, Zorrilla, having been 
defeated in the Cortes, tenders his resign i- 
tion, which the King refuses to accept, and 
suspends the sittings of the Cortes. 

— Died nt Bournemouth, aged 77, Sir 
Joshua Walmsley, formerly M.P. for Bolton 
and Leicester. 

flO. — Mr. Chilbom, manager of the Arran 
Quay Bmnch of the Royal Bank of Ireland, 
commits suicide by shooting himself in a 
cemetery, under distitsi of xsoSa prodnoed by 



HOVKMBE/i 



iS;i, 



DECEMBER 



IHbos of 



tntonnwi ipecoktioiis to the Wicklow Copper 
lliae C^Mtputj* 

.u- P-ncc of Wale*, % 
i.itiniating that he 
a v'vavi to the 
|| t chi I] resulting in 

t I 1 him to his room. 

r^ii jfiiiuurccd that the symptoms 
cfCy but indicated on attack of 

tr Eaites, ft Coftscrvntive candiflate, re- 
irPlymomKby t, 753 i/otes against 1,511 
) Mr. Hooker^ Liberal 

ft4« — y.oooi rcfkorted to have been collected 
m Lomion in aid of the stannng inhabitants of 
Bttlkirc:. Ycxd, and other PersiAH towns. So 
^enilide wu this odamity that in some districts 
d was calculated one third of the population hod 
ified from 9tarvaiion, and two-thirds of the 
catiie and beasts of btxrden. 

ftS«— Riotoos proceedings at Dover, arintng 
oui of '' ' ' n carried by the Solicilor- 
• iciwrrr! eJ, against Mr. Bamelt, a 

Cootcr^ -. iidate. 

— DMOTtlerly meeting at Bolton, called to 
hnr Sir C Pilke, M.P,, criticise the functions 
wad mpeiiae of Royalty. Simikr cHsgracefuI 
fflhedacilook place at Derby and Birmingham. 

S#. — The Count of Girgcnti, brother of the 
f of Naples, commits suicide by shooting 
In a room in the H6iel du Cygne» 

uKCfva* 

ftB. — Execution of Communist Generals, 
Ferrc, and Bourgeois were shot tliis 

J at a quarter past seven, in front of the 

ArdOery Butts at Satory, in the presence of 
t^OQOOMBi belonging to the regular army. The 
Crr#tif^ liairmg been kept perfectly secret, 
ihent w«re scarcely any other spectators present. 
AH llim behaved with great courage. Rossel 
ittd Bonmois had their eyes bandaged, but 
Tta6 teioiecl to be blindfolded, Rossel was 
Hied fastantly, but Ferrd and Bourgeois 
nCKi««>J lhcf*na/</(r^Ar<' after the volley, After 
Ike csecvlion the troops deAled post the three 
mi|»W The execuijon of Rossel, known to 
be m bcavc %oUtier, enthu<iiajitic and intelligent 
jm Mm profcsikimi, (;ave lise to much severe 
Lliiki— I against the Versailles Government. 

^- Died, «ge«l 67* Marshal Benedek^ an 
Aostriaai General of csipcncnce in Italian 
cuapa^giUt and cummander of the forces at 
SaJcNrm, 

Klght SpanUh medical students, rary- 

u^ in age from 14 to 20 years, shot at 
Havan*" ■* <'*' hourx after a hurried ami m- 
imtoAi alleged desecration of San 

t^ .. Atxiut forty others, less 

proifiM <;meil in what api^cared to be 

bI^^w i 'ere sentenced to various icrms 

tept«ial "^i* italic. 



89* — Came on before the Judicial Committee 
of the Privy Council, the appeal of the Church 
Association against the sentence delivered bw 
Sir Robert Phillimoreon the 23rd of July, 1876. 
acquitting i he Rev. VV. J. E. Bennett, Vicar ui 
Frome, of the charge of erroneous doctrine on 
the subject of the Real Presence, the Eucharistic 
Sacrifice, and Adoration. 

99. — The Queen proceeds to Sandringham 
on a visit to the Prince of Wales. An aft* r- 
noon bulletin reported that his Royal tlighuesa 
had passed a quiet day, the symptoms cnn- 
linuing without alteration. The 7/w« mention* 
to-day that his illness dated from the recent vL%it 
to Lord Londesborougb, and was likely to have 
arisen from poison generated by sewage. Others 
of the party had since been attacked by typhoitl 
symptoms one of them —Lord Chesterheld^ 
with unu??ual severity. The Princess case was 
thought likely to mn for twenty-four days. 

30. — Explosion of a cartridge factory 
witlrin the Fort of Agra, causing the death of 
Conductor Ware, his son, Serjj;cant Upton, and 
twenty-three native workmen. 

Beeemlier 1, — Died at Brelby Hall, Bnr- 
ton-on*Trenl,aged 40, George Philip Stanhope. 
Earl of Chestf^rfield. He was one of the visiti^ 
at Scarborough in October, and had been 
suffering for some days from typhoid fever. 

— Mr. W. R. Grove, Q.C., gazetted to Ijc 
a Judge in the Court of Common Pleas. 

3. —Fire at W*arwkk Castle. The flames, 
first noticed in Lady Warwick's apartments, 
early in the morning, speeddy extended over 
the whole cast wing, between the grand en- 
trance hall and the domestic offices adjoining 
Cafsar and Guy's lowers. This portion «if 
the castle wa'i completely gutted, and only I tie 
outer walls with charred and smouldering 
rnbbish left. The fire then spread across the 
grand staircase, and reached the great hall, of 
which only the bare w^ails remained. At four 
o'clock the fire was burning so fiercely that it 
was feared the red drawing-room would also be 
destroyed. Preparations were therefore maile 
for the worst by stripping this and the adjoin- 
ing apartments of their rare treasures, llie 
tapestry round the state bedrtxim, made in 
Brussels in 1694, was wrenched from the w U 
and carried to a place of security, together wiih 
the portraits of '* Queen Anne,'* by Knellcr, 
the '* Earl of Essex," by Zucchero, and other 
rare paintings. The pictures by Rembrandt, 
HoU>ein. Rubens, Vandyke, Titicns, Salvator 
Rusa, Sir Peter Lely, and Carracci's ' * Dead 
Chriftt" were also taken down. The costly 
tables and treasures in the cabinets were carried 
to the remotest comer of the Castle, ready to 
be again moved in case of necessity. Fortu- 
nately, the efforts of the firemen practically 
arrested the fire at the end of the grea^t huU, 
though the red dniwVng-TOom vj?x.^ ^\\^vV| 
/ daniagetl about the fOo\ and hf waX«. A'^- 



I 
I 

I 

1 

I 



I 



I 




DECEMBER 



187I. 



DECEMBER 



flames were not subduetl until ncurly ten o'clock 
in the morning. Most of the tamilf were 
abroad. 

3. — About 800 yards of the vest pier of 
I^ith destroyed by a fire origin^tmg in the up- 
setting of a vessel of boiling pitdi, iLi«d for 
saturating the structure. 

A. — United States Congress opened by 
President Grant with a Nl^^sage congratu- 
lating the country on its increasing proBp^rit^^ 
the reduction of the debt by 17,000,000/, m 
one year, and the approacihing scttleuicnl of 
all differences with Great llritaitL ** This 
year," said President Gfant^ " ha^ witnesed 
two great nations, having one language and 
lineage, settling by peaceful arbitmtioo dis- 
putes of long stand ing» which were liable a£ 
any time to bring nations to a bloodjf conflicl. 
The example thus set^ if successful in its 6nal 
issue, will be followed by other civilized 
nations, and finally be the means of returning 
to pursuits of industry millions of men now 
maintained to settle disputes of nations by the 
rword." Regarding Cuba, the President re- 
^tted that the disturbed condition of the 
island continued to be a source of annoyance 
and anxiety. ** The existence of a protected 
struggle in such close proximity to our own 
territory, without any apparent prospect of an 
early termination, cannot be other than an 
object of concern to a people who, while 
abstaining from interference in the affairs of 
other Powers, naturally desire to see every 
country enjoying peace, liberty, and free insti- 
tutions. The American naval commanders in 
Cuban waters have been instructed, in case it 
should become necessary, to spare no elfort to 
protect the lives and property of hand fidt 
American citizens, and to maintain the dignity 
of the flac^. It is hoped that all pending qiues- 
tions with Spain, growing out of the state of 
afiairs in Cuba, may be adjit^ted m the spirit 
of peace and conciliation which hai; hitherto 
guided the two Powers in their treatment of 
such questions." 

— Judgment delivered in the Irish Court 
of Common Pleas in the case of " Wallace v. 
Seymour," known as the Hertford Estates case, 
ind involving the ownership of property in ihe 
county of Antrim giving an income of about 
60,000/. a year. The question turned on the 
effect of certain words in a codicil executed in 
June 1850 by the late Marquis of Hertford to 
his will, made in 1838, This codicil purported 
to give to the plaintiff absolutely '* the residue 
of the real and personal estate " of the late 
Marquis in Ireland, while by the will under 
which the defendant claimed, the real estate 
in Ireland was given to trustees in the first 
instance, to make up any deficiency in the 
personal estate, and afterwards to the testator's 
brother for life, and thereafter to the defendant. 
The court held unanimously that the words in 
the codicil revoking the bequest of the real 
estate in the will were not $u»iciently clear and 
explicit, and that the testator in inserting the 
i034 



word "t«al" in the codicil either fofsot dw 
exact words of the rcsiduaiy clause ia Uie vriU 
or did not comprehend their meaning. Jfl<i^ 
iiient was accordingly given for the defendifiL 

0. — Conference at Birmingham called to 
consider how the House of i^rds could he 
best reformed and bmttght into greater haimortr 
with the wishes of the country. One resoladoii 
declared^** That in a free country, the ultimaie 
decision upon all questions of govemmeat nr 
of the policy of the State must test with 
representative* elected by the majority of the 
people ; and that some plan shonld be adopted 
m this nation to give constitutional effect to 
that decision." Another 2—'* ITiat no right to 
legislate on the afiairs of the nation ought to 
be conferred in consevjuence of the prafessiua 
of any theological opinions, or of connccLion 
with any ecclesiasiical estabUshraentt and ihcr^ 
fore the legislative power of the Bishops of the 
English Church should be abolished. '^ 

— Disoiderly repttblitan tneeting at Read- 
ings resulting in the sevetie handling of Odgcr 
by a mob at the railway station, 

— Diedt at Bank Hall, Bumlry, Lanca* 
shire, aged 72, General Sir Jamea Yorle 
Scarlett, commander of Ihe Brttbh c^v&by 
iti the Crimea, 

7.— M. Thiers deliver* bis Brst Presidential 

Message to the National Assembly. The 
policy of France, he said, must be hencelbrtb % 
policy of dignified and enduring peace, ** Ir, 
contrary to all probability, evenU should disturb 
that peace, the deed will not be that of France^ 
France must become once mnre what she hu 
a right to be in ihe interest of all States. 
France will be true to her solemnly pledged 
word. Moreover^ the States which took part in 
the wnr are fatigued ; and those that had been 
witnesses have become seriou5ly alarmed-" The 
Message then entered into details of the rela- 
tions litween France and the other Powers of 
Europe \—** Owr relations with Spain continue 
amicable. We likewise maintain a good under- 
■tanding with Italy, The independence of the 
Holy See must be Hgorou^ily upheld. As re- 
gards Rome we offer no counsels, for we give 
no advice Co anyone, and least of all to an 
aged man who enjoyi all our respect ami 
sympathy. With regard to Austria, we sincerely 
wish her prosperity. As regards Russia, the 
most cordial relations exist between that counliy 
and Ffiinci, They are the result of an elcvaied 
and reciprocal appreciation of the interests of 
both countries.'^ 

— A juty in the Court of Queen's Bench 
decide that Sir Joshua Reynolds's fine portrait 
of Francis George Hare, known as ** Infancy,'* 
belonged to the defcndaiit, who claimed under 
his uncle Julius Hare, and not to hii sister. 

— Prince Bismarck addresses Count Amim, 
the Gerrnan Ambassador in Paris, concerning 
the acquittal of cnminak in the French courts 
chatged with the murder of German soldiers;. 
He dcdares that in foture, should the Freach 



EMM£J^ 



1871. 



DECEMnER 



lilje i fzfmst to give np assassinj^ theG^r- 

n be oorapelled to sciic French ho»l- 

I in e3tir«nc cases even have recourse 

i«^' " ■ '^ T loenforce 

llor points 
Atelun have 
t lllr rsA.»|K:faJLitja olT the French to bC ^o 
\ ihflt Ifi tile slill pending ncgoEiatioiis with 
L only mu&t ihc fulfilment of the con- 
4flkMi» o# Pc*cc be secutthJ, Iml the necessary 
ttvai|rtil of the GerniJin pn&iiion witliin the 
wca^lBd Dtijiftruiieiiis must also l>e kept in 

8* — Cofiim^lln^ soTnewTiat wnth the as«u- 
raiicv p«t forwanlby M Thiers, the EmiJcror 
of Rit9Kia« in pTopi^King the health </ the 
njf n^Ffmntiv, at a banquet ^ven 
r^it of St. G- ^ 

;« thiJt the intir 

. ^ ^ us anil the brot.. !>-,;, , 3 

will he |>crpettwted m future gcncra- 

ita iht% friendship existing bctwceii our 

nni4»» which dates from a meniorabk; 

, t tee the best giiararuec for the inain- 

0/ pvMue and loyal order in Europe'^ 

Tbe yihcrto faTOnrable bullet nis issued 

nHflig tbe illness of the Prince of Wales 

(iMiCreeaUy varied to-day by the announce- 

mflJe lU S A.M., that hin Royal Higlme&s 

I pined m very tinnuicl ni^ht There is 

increase in the febrile synipioms*" 

VI was announced that ^* there is no 

! ryf \}\f f^vcr symptoms." Tlicse, 

vith wlii:h the public 

.r, were sij^ed by the 

% Drs, Jenner, Gull, 

left for Sandringham 

-Ath other members of 



••Acnir*. 



I iuiuly. 

'^^^ Tostice BovHl, as the head of the 

"had tiecn made use of," ex- 

Tiocorrrfice with Sir Alexander 

kb*ifi» AS lu the Lflipropriety of the Collier 

Cftntment. 

>,^— -The Priiicc of Wales prav-cd for in 

\ id tiiC chufcht". ilirtutL^hout the kingdom. 

l3te last night by 

v, and circulated 

, ted. Elarly 

la dw flM^foIng the : -s caused a 

t*»ei^ i nt ivqucst tu Uie Vicar of 

Siiulflmliaiai " My husband,'' she wrt)te, 
**bdfl£, fhwnlf OiH, •snm^nhat better, I atn 
cMnlnf t ivc, I fear, licfore 

Ihe iet' I may watch \*y 



lutn / ' The IVitKe^s nUfni':'! 
fig tWcltntch l»y the private p.ith 
ngbim To meet the 

ni her I. nesa, the Rev. 

sfflfr ''- • < '*r:t, fijieakln^ in 

Tton, which he 
Wfilht ' /, '* The /im yen 



of the congregation are eamestlv sought for 
his Royal Mighoesslhe Priace of Wales, who 

is now most seriously ilL*' The bulletins four 
of which were now being is^ticd each diiy, 
stiil indicated great anxiety on the part of the 
medical attendants. At 5. 30 this (Sumlay) 
afternoon the report wtis lluit his Royal 
Highness '* had pas'ied an unquiet afternoon, 
with a return of tJie more uigcnt symptoms.*' 
Another, anxiously looked for, i.ssued at S.t5 
next morning, indicated still more the gravity 
of the situation. ** Restless niyht, with a 
further recurrence of the gniver symptoms," 
Two hours before this the Royal Family were 
reported in an unofficial telegram to have 
been summoned to the bedside in anticipation 
of the worst results. 

m.— Total eclipse of the snn, carefully ob- 
served by English astronomers in southern 
India and Ceylon. 

10. — Public anxiety regarding the condition 
of the Prince of Wales may be said to have 
reached its climax to-day, the morning bulletin 
announdng that his Royal Highness had 
** passed another very reaile&s night. The 
conditions do not improve.'* With the excep- 
tion, perhaps of certnin periods of the Crimean 
W^ar and Indian Mutiny, public feeling had 
never been so deeply touched in the present 
generattOTi; and the anxiety to obtain the 
latest new% of the condition of the Royal 
sufferer wa?^ most intense among all classes of 
the comrotiraly, Bnrietins forwarded from 
Sandringham, and, in sone cases, from the 
Home OflSce, were posted up in all iilaces 
of resort ; ncw^^papers were eagerTy bought up, 
etiition after edition, a-s they were hourly brou£;l!il 
out ; and whenever two or three friends met, 
the condition of the Prince was not only the 
first bui the single topic of discission. In 
every town crowds waited anxiously for the 
latest news, and Government found it ex- 
petlienl to forw.-»rd the medical bulletins to all 
the telegraph otTices in the United Kiftg<lum. 
Throughout India, in the cokmtcs, and even in 
the United States, the daily iTTOgress of the 
disease was recorded and watched ; w hile praycrt 
were offered up by Ilinrloos, Pajseea, Mussul- 
man9,and Jews, This afternoon s bulletin, issued 
at five o'clock, was thought to indicate matt en 
as in an almost hopele^ slate. His Royal High 
ne«*, it was reported, " has passed m very un- 
quiet afternoon. There is no abatement in the 
gravity of the synurtoms,*' A slight turn for 
the better came: a few hours bter. ** 10 v.u 
His Royal llighr)ess has p.iiKeda less unquitf^ 
evening."' The Prince was said to have rccog- 
niz-ed the f>uecn thts evening. Thouj^h still 
giving cause for much anxiety, the fever may 
l>e said to have weakened its hold of the 
system after this date, *llie bulfciins, how* 
ever, 5 1 til continue 1 to be eipt-es-^ed with the 
greatest caution, t'loui^h ihe physicians were 
kMf>wn by all about them to be honourably 
willing lo aPTord comY^^^''^"^ VtvVtT^^tVtKV ^K 
tcchnic:d fact s^ch vnalcnal 1<^st \\\wfc>TX'w^'^'^ 

E^ 



' £l£.V^£A' 



I87I. 



DECEMBER 



cue as r- u;h * rr.'ijhtni the pnbKc nund, and 
ihu- rejtve cnne.c»:arT anxierr. 

Id- — Ir.: mi:: .n ir-»fn nf the prohable re- 
•iremen: .f Mr. l»c;.i-.»r, Spie^lcr of the House 
\jl V. on: til . r.x 

— Tri^i at the Central Crimhul Court, 
}<' re N!r Tu<.t:i:e r.rove, William Anthony, 
:la.k*n-.::h, chirgcii i»-i:h five cases of wilful 
r::rri.s:n^ f .^r the sake of the reward of 2x. 6J. 
•.a i !":'r p^ -r^ r.r>: n-iitice. Found puiltr, and 
Kn:er.cri : j :welvc year*' penal ien-ita<fe. 

I^— Ar.r : ve-sary of the death of the Prince 
C:r.>. r*. ctW: rated a: Sar.dnn^ham under cxr- 
c-um-i'.ances of n.ounifuj anxiety to the Ro}-aI 
:'an*,:!y. 

— I'ie! at hi< resilience, Churton Street, 
Rt'.j:rave R ■a*. at;ei 70 >-ears, Ocot|:c Hudson, 
F.'.'.-p,wt'r:'-^! m c ■r.in[icrci2! circles, thirty years 
s:r.ce. a> :'::e Kiilw-y King. 

— Tr.e Chir-crlL-ir of the EJccheaaer in- 
fonn< the Trea<nn- Board that her Majest>-'$ 
Gvne'-n'.r.ent h.i.i a^eed to the following reso- 
lution's re^pecTin^; the terms upon which the 
law otr.ceri of the Crown \ except Sir John 
Duke ColtriJj;e, in wh^^se case no change is 
to \k mavlo) shall in future In? remunerated for 
thc:r si.*r%- set's, that is to say : — •* i. Except as 
aforesai.l, the Attorney- Gen oral shall recei\"e 
7.00a'. a year for non-contentious business, 
an-i the S(»licit«>r.Cieneral 6.oool'. a year. 2. 
All fees payarile fv»r non contentious business 
«.h.ill be pail into the Kxchequer. 3. The 
l.\w utT:cer< sImII receive fees for contentious 
bu>inc^R. an»l fi>r t»|)iiiii.nN c»mnccteii with it, 
acci»nling to the ordinary professional scale. 
4. .Ml comjtlimcnlary bricf> and pa\Tnents for 
services not intcnde«l to !•€ given shall be 
at olished. 5. The salaries aU^ve mentioned 
.shall l>c Vi.'lol by the House of Commons." 

16. — Dean Goulbum, Norwich, protests 
a^'ainst the apfvnnlment of Hishop Temple as 
one of ihe Select l*re*chcrs of C>xfoni. ** It 
seems to me," he wrote to the Vice-Chancellor, 
** a nii>eral)lc ai>ostacy from the principles 
which once animated the I'niversity of Oxford, 
that she should deliberately commit the reli> 
j^iuus instruclion of her youth (a s.icred trust, 
if any trust can l>e •iacre<l) to a prelate who 
labours under ^rave .suspicions of hetcnxloxy, 
whose thetilo^^y is at l>est hazy, and who will 
not purge himself from complicity with the 
nltempts of avowe<i kati<malists to throw doubt 
up(m * those thii>gs which arc most surely be- 
lieve<! amongst as.' " 

18. — The Trince of Wales rcfwrted to have 
passed a quirt night, and making .satisfactory 
progrcs*i. A boy nameii Hlegg, attache<l to 
tiie stables at Sandringham, and who had been 
.•ttricken liown with typhoid fever about the same 
timr as the Trince, dies to-day, t«> the grief of 
i!ieml>ers of the Royal Kamily, who, as was 
natural in the circumstances had bestowed on 
him a large measure of attention. 

1036 



18. — The Alabama Committee hold a fonul 
meeting at Geneva for the ratification of powcis 
and exchange of papers. 

— Forbes* oil manufactory at Port Dundu, 
Glasgow, destroyed by fire. 

18. — The Queen leaves Sandringham for 
Windsor. 

— The Duke d'Aumale and Prince JoinviBe 
take their seats in the National Assembly. 

81. — The steamer Dtiaware, trading froiD 
Liverpool to Calcutta, wrecked in a galeoi! 
the Scilty Islands, and forty-eight of her crew 
drowned. 

88.— Died, aged 81, the Earl of Ellen- 
borough, President of the Boanl of Control 
in Sir Robert Peel's Ministry of 1S41, and 
Go%-emor-General of India 1S42-44. The 
measures he sanction^ led to the rescue of 
the captives and close of the Aflghan War. 

88.— Field-Marshal Sir Georfre PoUock, 
G.C.B., installed as Constable of the Tower. 
The ceremonv was performed by torch-light, 
owing to the dense fog which prevailed. 

— New market for the slaughter of forelen 
cattle at Deptfoni opened in presence of the 
I^rd Mayor and other officials of the Corpora- 
tion. 

— In his rectorial address at Munich, Dr. 
DoUinger explained the natural influence whivih 
Germany and France had always exercised upon 
one another. ** France," he said, ** preserves 
even now, for the futore, her importance as in- 
terpreter and carrier of scientinc ideas. She 
owes her defeat chiefly to the absence of veracity 
in her literature, especially in the historical por- 
tion of it. which has prevailed for generations 
past. The i8lh of July, 1870, brought to 
Germany a second ¥rar through the Roman 
declaration of war a^inst German science. 
The decrees of the Vatican were launched only 
against German science, and had been prepared 
for twenty years by a S3rstematic falsification of 
the theological text-books. Once before Rome 
carried on war against science. It was against 
the natural sciences, and she succumbed. Now 
she combats historical science.*' 

— In opening the Reichsrath, the Emperor 
of Austria said the Crown, by permitting the 
different provinces to seek the remedy for 
their claims by such means as the Constitution 
offers to them, not only had in view the right 
of the whole empire, but also the real interests 
and protection of the separate kingdoms. 
** The first task of the Government, which is 
composetl of men belonging to the representa- 
tion of the whole country, is to strengthen the 
constitutional and legal basis, and to ensure 
everywhere al>soIute obedience to the laws. 
The Government, on its part, will accede to the 
wishes of Galicia so far as they arc confined t j 
that province, and are compatible with ths 
condiiionH of the unity and the power of the 
whole empire. The complete independence 




1 , 

If'- ; 



m«5t he Assured by the «n- 
fi llic rcprcicina lives of the 

ae.— Concluded in tlie Court of Session, 
ILiiint^iirgh, the cut of Ashcr, widow* v. 
fe^ftnir, a cUim for J,O00/. for brcAch of pro^ 
•sii^c i^^ ' ' 'NV incfchant This was the 
«ecnnJ ca&c, a verdict having been 

retLirr ^t^ifliiing of Novcmltcr li«l, 

f iiLuL 1 hat verdict was ^t a^^idc 

t iv l>cing contrary to cvidciKe, 
d, which now eiidc^l in 
returning a verdict for 
„.^,. 73V,. danwgcs. 

— ta « letter dated from Wmdsjor Castle, 
ihr Qttceti n "' " ' ^.'-s the sympathy mani- 
lested by ii f her suhjeci* on the 

oecxA<m of 1 ntg illness of the Prince 

*4 Wale*, *'TUe universal feeling," writer 
!»CT Xla^oly, ••^ho\^n by her people duriut; 
ihtmc |ta»jifii' And the sympathy 

cttaced liy r and her l>clovetl 

d*«{b?''' " V -ili^, as well ai the 

Ip ga j ci a- rovcmcnt in the iVince 

III Waui made a deep and lasting 

uti btr iieait which can never l*c 
ll vai, indeed, nothing new to her; 
lor iSie Queen hid iticl with the same sympathy 
JMt ICO y«Ar$ Ago, a similar iHnricv re- 
ffofti ^*-^ "^"^'' *be m.iinstay of her hfc, 
t, wi Ic *t of husbands. The 

^joeen wi^h ^ at the <^me time, on 

At par* - of Wales, her fee lings 

, for she ha£ l>een aj* 
>ucen by the great and 
! »j{ loyalty and sym- 
nnot conclude without 
4t her faithful subjects 
I V (fs to God for the com- 
iccdvcry vl h&i dear son to health and 



tAm 

^ ?par 



— ReplliBC to m request 
I die «afaject of a Church 




for his opinion 
Defence Institu- 
! Aichbishop of Canterbury writes z — 
Utile doubt that vigorous and 
[ dKnrts arc being made by those who 
! lo <le»iroy that connection between the 
Chwdi ami the State which I regard as equally 
al to both, 1 can therefore have no 
in saying Chat some systematic 
to r • ' J cfforlB and keep 
I kniarair ibject, is much to 

and i !iit the clergy and 

bify of oof Oiarch wid do well to aid in the 
wSh'it fhtr Comndttee of the Church 
ii>d€» n ha& um^lertaken/' 

jjnxicty regarding the Prince 

'> now issued daily 

lyal Highness had 



oTWalo, t 
atnooo rt<^' 



iJie ni^ni iivuciiv, bat convalescence 
lifrttrlH bv a painful afTcctton above the left 
lop, altamloa with uc»me fcvcrishncsTv,'* 

ttS<« — li> accordance wnh in application 
r behalCtritriM tna Edmunds cbjiT]gcd 
pahanAtff at Brighton, was 
ioj7 



II lii' 



removed to-day from Lewes gaol to Newgate, 
previous to being tried, under ** Palmer's Act," 
at the Central Criminal Court, On entering 
her new place of c^infinement, she made 

Ecreraptory demands lo be permitted to wear 
er bonnet and velvet dre&ses^ 

ao. — George Cniikshank, who had illus- 
trated Mr. Dickens' novel* ** Oliver Twist/* 
writes to the Titurs^ claiming to have originated 
that work, and been the author of most of the 
characters, 

— Senator Tweed tirrested in the New Vork 
Metropolitan Hotel by SherifT Brennan on a 
char^ of felony connected with the misappro* 
priation of City funils by the gang known as the 
** Tammany Ring," 

SO. — Boiler explosion in Glasgow, a road 
St earn • traveller described as " Yuille*s Ti-action 
Engine," bursting in Paisley Road, killing five 
and injuring about thirty others, chiefly chil* 
dren» who had gathered round the locomotive 
dviring a temporary halt. 

31. — Died at Richmond,York«»bire, Matthew 
Greatbead, aged 102, supposed to be the oldesl 
Freemason txi the world* having entered the 
Lennox Lcnlgc^ No* J 23, in 1797* 



1 



1872. 



Janvar^r I- — Dietl, aged 71, William 
Eduardcs, third Lord Kensingtuii, one of the 
survivors of the battle of Navarino. 

— Addressing the ** Druids" at Oxford, 
Mr. Cardwell remarked: — **We are not a 
Continental Power. We are not a Transat* 
laniic Power. We arc an insular Power, with 
the largest foreign dominions and the most 
scattered dominions of any Power in the workl. 
The natural con&equcnce is that our first arm 
is afloat, and tt is the navy. The next is that 
we desire to have at hand an army like our 
navy, first-rate in quality, but not large in 
quantity. If we were a Traiis:ulaiuic nation, 
we should liave no relaiions requiring nn armed 
force with regard to Continental nations, if 
we were a Continental nation, we should re- 
quire a larger armetl force than we now possess. 
Being an injiular country we have Continental 
obligations to which we may be called upon to 
do justice, and for that purpose we ought to be 
prepared." His brother member, Mr Vcnon 
llarcourt, spoke on the annual increase of the 
national expenditure, 

— At the annurd New- Year reception, the 
EmiJcror of Germany said that the endeavoun 
of all ought now to be directed towards utilise 
tng the peace, which, as he hoped, was now 
secured tor a long time, in order to strengthen 
the foundations on which their Y>tcscnlgT*:att\^«« 
had been established, and toi i\\e. Ac\t\o^tv\«\\ 

and culture of all intcUcctuaV %& vttW as u\a.ve^^ai 
;>asse3stons* 

£ I 



I 



I 



J 



yANCARY 



1.— Siihscrij'ttion invitwl for a 5 per cent, 
Ilunf^arian loan uf 3,000,000/. at Si. 

— The Bishop of Orleans resigns his place 
in the French Acarlemy, in consequence of the 
election of M. Littre, whom he described as a 
materialist and a socialist. 

S. — Died, ag^l 84, General Sir James Jack- 
son, Colonel of the 6th Drai^oon Guanis, a 
veteran of the Peninsula ami Waterloo, and one 
of the oldest officers in the British army. From 
his firmness with a mob at Carlow, in 1S41, 
the General was known as " Justice-to-Ireland 
Jackson." 

3. — A lion-tamer nametl McCarthy torn to 
pieces at Bolton, while exhibitinij his power 
over the animals in Manders' menagerie. 

5. — Died, aj^ctl 54, Sir Francis Crossley, 
M. P. for the Northern Division of the West 
Riding. 

— Diet!, at Westbounie Road, Edgbaston, 
age<l 72, Joseph (lillott, the first manufacturer 
of steel pens by machinery. 

6. — James Fisk, jun., of Erie Railway noto- 
riety, assassinalctl in the corridor of the Grand 
Central Hotel, New York, by Edward Stokes, 
who firctl three shots, one of which inflicted a 
mortal wound in the abdomen. Fisk, who 
retained consciousness to the last, was closely 
attended by Gould and Tweed. There had 
been a long and scandalous litigation l>etween 
the assassin and his victim, originating in the 
arrest of Stokes for taking away a woman 
named Mansfield, with whom Fisk had illicit 
relations. Stokes gave evidence against Fisk 
in a libel suit in which this woman was con- 
cerned, and moreover threatened to publish 
letters fn)m Fi>ik to her, revealing various secrets 
connecleil with the Erie Railway. Fisk had 
just obtained an injunction forbidding the ]nib- 
lication of these letters, and also induced the 
grand jury to indict Stokes for conspiracy. 

7. — M. Vaulrain returned for Paris by 
121,158 votes, against 93,423 given to M. 
Victor Hugo. 

S.— Trades Union Congress at Nottingham, 
attended by seventy delegates, representing 
255,710 constituents. 

9. — Count Arnim presents his credentials as 
German Ambassador to M. Thiers. 

— Royal Commission gazetted " to inquire 
into the jToperty and income belonging to, 
administered, or enjoyed by, the univers>ities of 
Oxford and Cambritlge, and the colleges and 
halls therein (whether held or received for 
their coq'korale use, or in trust, or in what- 
soever other manner^, including the prospects 
of increase or decrease in such properly and 
income ; and also to report the uses to which 
such property and income are applied, together 
M'ith all matters of fact tending to exhibit the 
state and circumstances of the same, a'ul the 
condition, manigement, and custody ot the 

said property am) income. " 
lojS 



1872. JANUARY 

9. — Speaking at Liverpool to the memhen 
of a Working Man's Conservative Association, 
Lord Derby, who presided, explained the 
nature of the work before his party, and the 
means by which it could be best accom- 
plished. The Conservative party ought not, 
lie thought, to grow slack and indiflferent about 
public affairs l>ecause they were in a minority of 
100 in the House of Commons. If political 
life were what many people consider it— "a 
soaped pole," with 5,000/. a 3rear and lots of 
patronage at the top — if the end and object of 
all party efforts were the holding of office for a 
longer or shorter time, he might agree with 
them ; but the holding of office was only a 
means. Power was the end, power over the 
legislative and administrative conduct of af&iiis; 
and a pKirty which at the lowest estimate in- 
cludes two-fifths of the House of Commons 
may exercise very great power when those who 
sit opposite to it are notoriously divided into 
sections which have hardly an idea in common. 
** Don't let us spoil our own game," his lord- 
ship said. '* Don*t let us lose power in run- 
ning after place. If we become the majority 
it is our duty to accept the responsibilities of 
that position. But for myself I tell you frankly, 
though I should rejoice to see a strong Con- 
servative Government in power, I had inhnitely 
rather, in the public interest and that of your 
party, se*» the Conservatives forming a strong 
and comjmct Opposition, than have them, fur 
the fourth time in twenty years, holding office 
without a tolerably assured majority." Lord 
Derby contended that recent Irish policy 
naturally strengthened the position of tho>e 
who assailed the Church in England, advo- 
cated a reduction of the national debt in times 
of prosperity like the present, and expressed 
his strong opposition to all Ultramontane and 
Home Rule demands. 

10. — Home Rule demonstration at Limerick, 
in favour of their new member, Mr. Butt, who 
admitted that the Church Act and Land Act 
had done much good, but that they had lieen 
grudgingly given. "There had been other legis- 
lation in a contrary direction — the last Coercion 
Bill, for instance, which, had it been enactevl 
in England, would have driven it into rebellion. 
Another thing was the persistent refusal to re- 
lease the political prisoners, the men who had 
led the forlorn hope of the Irish nation." He 
concluded by calhng on the people to receive 
all classes and all creeds into their union. 

— Explosion at Oakwood Colliery, Maes- 
teg, South Wales, causing the instantaneous 
death of eleven men employed in the works. 

— Manifesto in regard to the use of 
alcohol for medicinal purposes circulate* 1 
among the leading members of the medical 
profession. Those signing it expressed an 
opinion that no medical practitioner shoull 
prescribe it without a sense of grave respon- 
sibility. **Thev believe that alcohol, in 
whatever form, stiould be prescribed with as 
much care as axiy ^lecKvil dtui|^, and that the 



JAi^Y 



1872. 



JANUARY 



t line ocoision \ 



rtlMfvliiec 




ibr its use should be so fhimed as 

\ be yUrriireted as a sanction for excess, 

ily lOr the continuance of its use 

' I is past. They arc *lso of 

J people immensely cxaggc- 

sof aJcohol iks an article of diet, 

I 00 ciass of men see so much of its 

%%, and posses sach |)owcr to restrain its 

ntcmtiers of their awn profession, 

bold l4=it every medical practiiioner is 

I locsett his utmost influence tn inculcate 

tifgrcaf moderation 'm the use of alcoholic 

ll^'Rrr. John Selby Watson found guilty 
— . "• ■ ninaJ Court of the murder of 
ViOz^ to death by Mr. Justice 
the plea of insanity urged 
di Ut behfliK the pHKoner, btfore sentence was 
miffi^ said, ** 1 only wish to s:iy that the de- 
ma iHudl has been maintained in my favour 
bahslSQct honest one/' The Crown after* 
«iiili cixve "ff"-- ' » ■ "Vc jar^''* recommendation 
i'ed the extreme penalty 

as makes an order 
._ up of the £uro].>eaii 

1-, m bis 64th year, the Due 
r Frcndi Ambassador in 
»r Napoleon III. 
— DM a; C^uics, aged 67, M. Jean 
iiuihelcnxy Arl£»-Dufour, an eminent French 

m.^llic Mctfopoliun Board of Works 
lmk« fomul posaeialoii of Ilampstuad Heath 
whcMfortkepitbik. 

bitlktio issued regarding tlie 

^ Weki, who was reported to 1^ 

pc q ei ca St tad daily gaining 

-Tried St the Central Criminal Court, 
teinrr Mr. Iteion Martin, c^hrtstina KdmuodK, 
I with nmrder and t-anous attempts at 
r bjr poifooing. It was sought through 
1 witneses to give effect to a plea of 
iaaaalY let itp on her behalf, but it was re- 
jeded Pjr the jurj* who on the i6lh returned a 
i fi dlil of gnUity, and the prisoner was sentenced 
In deetlk She thereupon made a statement 
led to the rmpnnelhng of a jury of 
' xs^istance of some 
I gi , and finally decided 

Ual iherccjixi-it ^ ' of judg- 

laaiC If W» U. < no occA- 

•iocs fadEoire for ^ 1 matriins 

et the Ccnlol Cnmioai Court fur abuut hftccn 
iTie extreme tciiUnce in this ca&e was 
\ eoawniled to imprisonment for Hfc. 

Cdehfitted hi the parish church of 

Btilly, the mirriag^e of the Princess Margnrct 

Oticaiis^ eldest daughter of the Due de 

nnaonp ,^,,t. i.^..^^ Ladiilas Ciartoryiki, son 

eitlie iiC) hauler in the great in»ur< 

iigi 




la. — The hearing of the Tichbome case 

rc<iumed, the Attorney* General comaiencing 
his speech for the defence. 

16. — Mary Crawford, or Deuchars, 22 
year^ of age, the wi/c of a pattern desipier, 
dixjwned her three children in the Clyde, at 
Glasgow, the eldest being three years of age, 
the others two years and three montlis respec- 
tively. She then cummilted suicide by throw- 
ing herself into the river She had been married 
about five year^ her husband being a widowei 
with four young children. 

— The Rev. J. S. Drew, rector of Oving- 
ton, Hants, writes regarding the case of Mr. 
Watson, who, along with his wife, had l>cen 
members of his congregation when at St. Bar- 
nabas, South Lambeth: — '*She was always 
fretful and often violent in temper. She always 
sat with him in his study \^'hile he was at work, 
he hardly e\'cr walked out without her, and 
in all their intercourse he bore himself towarrls 
her with the most admirable patience until that 
fatal moment when, through $omc outrageous 
provocation on her part as I cannot doubt, he 
gave way to literally ungovernable rage. 1 
hoped until the la^t day of the trial that I 
shonkl have had an opportunity to make this 
statement in court, and thus show the nature 
of an influence which was ever so dangerously 
near and reaiiy to work on ihc morbid suscep- 
tibility of the unhappy man. Now, liaving 
also forwarded this testimony to the flome 
iiiccretary, I take the ordy course which rem a ins 
open to help in rescuing my unfortunate friend 
from his melancholy doom, and to clear from 
infamy the name of one of the most conside- 
rate, kindly, and honourable men 1 have ever 
known. " 

— The first railway train connecting Turkey 
with Europe enters Stamboul. 

— Uproarious meeting at Chelsea on occa* 
sion of Sir C. Dilke advucaiavg Repub- 
lican view, lu his constituents. 

17.— Roman Catholic dcmonstrtttion in 
Dublin in favour of denominational e^Jucation, 
" Nothing," said Cardinal CuUen, who pre- 
sided, "but the old spirit of ascendency would 
think of subjecting seventy or eighty Catholic 
children— about the average in each school- 
to religious restrictions in favour of a small 
fraction of Protestants.'* In such cases he 
claimed the fulness of religious teaching for 
Catholic children. On account of the Catho- 
licity of the population, he vent 00 to say, 
mixed schools do not and cannot exist, lie 
further declared that proselytistn was carried 
on in national schools, negatively, by keeping 
Caiholic chilflrcn from any knowledge ol 
religious doctrine and positively by teaching 
ant i- Catholic doctrines. Thousands be slated^ 
of Calhoiic children received religious instruc- 
tion ** from Presbyterian or other heterodox 
teachers, recite anii-Catholic prayers, and read 
in if>e schooU the VroV^^Vaivl Nei^vsn. Q.V V^ 
Bible.'* 



yANC'AKY 



1872. 



JANUARY 



ly.— Statue of nenjamin Franklin, a gift 
from the printers of the city, unveiled in New 
York on tlii^ the i66th anniversary uf the 
philosopher's birth. Mr. Horace Greeley said 
Dn tlie ouasion : •' I love and revere him as a 
ioumeyman printer who was fnunil and didn't 
drink ; a patiniu who rose from want to 
competence, from obscurity to fame, without 
losin;; his head ; a statesman who did not 
cnicify mankind with long-winded documents 
• >r si>eeches ; a diplomatist who did not 
intrigue ; a philosopher who never lied ; and 
an office-holder who didn't steaL" 

— News of a rebellion in Loodiana arrives 
*n London. 

18. — The Empen)r of Germany, proposing 
a toast at a meeting of the Chapter of the 
Ortlcr of tiic lUack Eagle, said :— "We cele- 
brate to-day a double anniversary of the most 
important events of Pnis^^ian history. On this 
day, 171 years ago, the first King of Prussia 
was crowned. This day last year my accept- 
ance of the German Imperial Crown, unani- 
mously offered me by all the princes and free 
towns of Germany, was proclaimed. Conscious 
nf the obIi«;alions I have assumed, I, on the 
first anniversary of this great event, again ex- 
I>ress to the illustrious presenters of my new 
jH)sition, in presence of their representatives, 
niv deeply-felt thanks, hoping that by our 
•mited efforts we shall succeed in fulfilling the 
iu>t hoj)es of Germany." The Bavarian Minis- 
ter then, in the name of the King of Bavaria 
and the illustrious federate allies in the Empire, 
proposeti " The health of the German Emperor, 
William the Victorious." 

— It is decided at a Cabinet Council that 
Great Britain would not consent to have the 
American indirect claims submitted for arbitra- 
kon. 

— Explosion in (Gladstone's cartridge factory, 
Greenwich, injuriitg about lliirty girls employed 
there. 

19. — M. Rouher addresses the electors of 
Corsica, insisting that the country could no 
longer support the internal dissension pre- 
vailing. *'The supreme duty of parties is to 
immolate to it their resistances and ambitions, 
to respectfully solicit the high manifestations 
of the national will, and then to dissolve them- 
selves or to become reconciled under the 
salutary authority of the definitive Govern- 
ment created by the country. Order, the 
liberty of all, cannot henceforward have any 
other basis." 

— The French National Assembly, by 377 
to 207 votes, adopt a proposal for appoint- 
ing a Commission to inquire whether it is 
possible to adjust the Budget without taxing 
raw material. M. Thiers thereupon threatened 
to resign. 

ao.—Died, aged 73, the Rev. Canon 
Moselcy, Bristol, one of the earliest school 
inspectors under the old Education Act. 
t040 



ao.- -Rumour being busy during the Kerry 
election with the name of Mr. Bright as an 
advocate for Home Rule, he now writes to The 
O'Donoghue: "To have two representative 
legislative assemblies of Parliament in the 
United Kingdom would be, in my opinion, an 
intolerable mischief, and I think no sensible 
man can wish for two within the limits of the 
present United Kingdom who does not wish 
the United Kingdom to become two or more 
nations entirely se{)arated from each other." 

— Died, aged 87, General Sir Alexander 
Lindsay, one of the oldest generals of the 
Bengal Artillery. 

2S. — The Versailles tribunal pronounce 
sentence on the murderers of the hostages in 
the prison of La Roquette. One, Gerson, was 
sentenced to death, and fourteen others to 
various terms of imprisonment. 

as.— Sir Wm. Jenner gazetted a K.C.B., 
and Dr. W. W. Gull a baronet 

S4. — Nonconformist Conference at Man- 
chester, called to insist upon ** united literary 
education by the State, and separate religious 
education by parents, or the voluntary agencyof 
religious committees." In a paper on the political 
relation of the Nonconformists to the liberal 
party, Mr. Richard, M.P., said: — "Our quarrel 
with those in power is one purely of principle. 
We have no intention to withdraw our confi- 
dence and support from Mr. Gladstone. He 
is the Minister of our predilection, and we are 
proud of his transcendent abilities. But if it 
comes to be a question between allegiance to & 
party and loyalty to principle, we cannot hesi- 
tate. We are willing to exercise patience, to 
make concessions ; but to adopt a course which 
will involve the sacrifice, or the surrender, or the 
serious compromise of these vital principles for 
the sake of any man or party is what we cannot, 
what we ought not, what we must not, whsl 
we dare not, and, by God's help, what we will 
not do." Several members of Parliament took 
occasion when addressing their constituents at 
this time to censure m strong terms this 
** Nonconformist revolt" 

— Severe gale in London ; one of the lesser 
towers of the new Palace of Westminster 
blown down. 

&5.— For the first time since his illness the 
Prince of Wales walks for a short time in the 
open air. Active preparations now commence 
to be made for a special thanksgiving service at 
St. Paul's. 

— Decree dissolving the Spanish Cortes 
read in the Chamber amid great excitement 

S8.— Died, aged 81, Admiral Rr)bert 
Gambier, who aided in the reduction of the 
Cape, Buenos Ayres, and Maldonado. 

a9.— The Court of Queen's Bench decide 
that they have power to issue a mandamui 
against the Treasury respecting the disallow- 
ance of the costs of crimmal pTutccutiofts. 



FBBJiUARV 



1872. 



FEBHUARY 



Sf* ^^- Bishop of Bath and Wells 

h cieacoo Demson from cuntinuing 

t r L»ooial obisatrvances in Eavt Brent 

^Ugni^es liis intention of revoking 

>f two assifitani curates. The 

1 ]iat the inhibition bad 

h, nor would it be so 

iu,ii- ^^ **u t..u*^rwv^ » icar of East Brent. 

— Mretiag at the Mansion House in aid 
tii ibe fund being raised for the relief of 
Dr. Lrvingaone. 

— Died, aged «r ' 
Qttmmj^ Rojal A 
Capktfiiig Espedi 



^! Francis Rawdon 
1 of the Euphrates 

-S. 



FphrtxAry fl. — Closing a series of letters 
o n Panics,'* Mr, Vernon Harcourt 

« Ttftus to-day : ** I confess I am 

I :SrxA of \>v\ug run over by a 

A ■-■. 11. n I u I r( iK'M- >biiglncrcd by a 
iM^mutii, if 1 Jcii aj> ccit^iit that Lurd Elcho 
proC«t:t u»e against the one, as I am 
lie v*ilJ iMfC3trve me from the othcr^ I 
feci ,'y« But lA'hen we are 

illked tfi \n t risks* which tfx ^j/^i- 

C4m it . calculate, because they 

ilepcDii ^ich cannot be antici- 

pitedv «"j, iiiti*^*^M^, cannot be measured — 
whkh defy the test of past expcfiencc or 
Ciistfni; cutiditions— weare utterly helpless. It 
b "cUigiblc system ol political arith* 

IDl vj liai bruught us to toe too intelli- 

gitile %Qm of our public expenditure. It h a 
wy C*^^ Ihiiig to have a large margin — but 
• BV)^^ "'-^ '•^•^wj%cs some limited and known 
dioKfi^ it circumscribes. 1 huve 

ilnsyik <1 that ^n unknown infinity 

wa* >apcr»ur to a margio. " 

— ► Id the libel case of Pook f* Crusland, 
■riiifig otut fif a pamphlet on the Eltham 
■Older* the ittr>' ga%-e a verdict for the plaintiH' 
^ damages j^SO. In a similar action against 
iifit moprietor oJ the Kentish Mercufyt a 
»cnSlCt in» taken for tbe plaintiff by agree^ 

— Toe National Assembly * by 366 lo 310 
roleH rvject a motion in favour of returning 
to Paria A bill authorising the Govern- 
■nil to "denounce '* the comniercial treaty 
vitb Eoglaaii was approved of by a large 



FjitT nmiisille inforro4 Mr. Fisb that 

it do not consider it to 

nf the Geneva tribunal 

I ct claims," The 

: sought to show 

c <.jji i.iM.d lo the tribunal 

out of the acts *' of 

a of Mhich the Govem- 

d Slatn ol leges that Great 

to fulftl some Inlcrnatiunal 

It of ihc tribunal 

ire v\ Te5i>ect of 






'tlUr 






rn^tf^t 



, ihe ribunai may 



adopt at its discretion cither of two courses. 
It may award such a gross sum as the arbi- 
trators may deem just, to be paid by Great 
Britain in full satisfaction of all weilfoimdcd 
claims on the part of the United .Stales, 
* growing out of the acts ' of the vessel in 
vessels in respect of which there has been a 
failure of duty ; or, on the other hand, ii 
may content itself with deciding as to each or 
any vessel in respect of which there ha;* been 
a failure of duty, the measure or extent of the 
bability which on general principles may justlv 
Ik deemed to have been incurred by suco 
iuilure. In the event of the second course 
being chosen, the office of examining and 
adjudicating on the validity of particular claims 
•growing out of the acts' of the specified vesisel 
or vessels ii remit ted to a board of assessors." 

d. — Died at Hammersmith, Miss Julia Trc- 
lawney Leigh Hunt, daughter of the poet Leigh 
Hunt. 

9* — It is officially announced that M.Casimir- 
P^rier, French Minister of the Interior, and M 
Leon is ay. Prefect of Paris, had resigned. 

— Another explosion in the *'mixing-hotise" 
of Hairs povvdcr works, Faversham. Two 
men were killed on the spot, and two injured, 

— Sir William Stirling Maxwell installed 
as Lord Rector of the University of Edinburgh. 

— Died at Montreux, Switzerland, P^ie 
Gratry, a popular preacher of the Galiican 
Church. 

6. — ^Mr. F. S. Powell, Conservative, elected 
for the North* West Kiding by 6,961 votes, 
against 6,917 given to his Liberal opponent, 
Isaac Holden. — Captain Nolan, a Home Rule 
candidate, elected for Gal way by a majority of 
2,165 over Mr, Trenclt. 

— Parliament opened by Royal Commission. 
The Royal Speech made reference to the de- 
liverance of the Prince of Waks from immment 
danger. *' I purpose," it was said, *'thal on 
Tuesday, the 27th inst., confommbly to the 
good and becoming usage of former days, the 
blessings thus received shall be acknowledged 
on behalf of the nation bv a thanksgiving in 
the Metropolitan Cathedral. At this celcbra- 
lion it is my desire and hope to be pre^nt. 
. . . The slave trade, and practices scarcely 
to be distinguished from slave-trading, i^till 
pursued in more than one quarter of the world, 
cxfntinue to attract the attention of my Govern- M 
ment. In the South Sea Islands, the rniine of f 
the Bniisli Empire is even now dishonoured by 

the connection of some of my subjects with 
these nefarious practices ; and in one of them 
the murder of an exemplary prelate has cast 
fresh light upon some of their baleful conse- 
quences, A bill will be presented to you, for 
the purpose of facilitating the trial of ufTenccs 
of this class in Australasia." Iw t.<^t\vuit^\\cjcv 
with the Treaty of WasKmg^oTi, w^«» Vw\ \i«,^^ 
kid before the arVAltaVrns on \ic\\a\l ol tA^" 



I 



I 



FEBRUARY 



1872. 



FEBRUARY 



party. "In the case so submitted on behalf 
of the United Stales, large claims have l)een 
inchiJeit, which are iiinljibtood on my part not 
to l)e wiiliin the province of the arbitrators. 
-)n llii> subject I have caused a friendly com- 
munication to be ma'ic to the (iovcrnmcnt of 
t:ie United Stales. The Kmi>eror of Germany 
.MS undertaken to arbiti-atc on the San Juan 
•.vaier boundary ; and the cases of the two 
Covcniments liavc l)cen presented to his Im- 
ncrial Majesty." Hills were promise<l in con- 
nection Willi etlucaiion in Scotland, reflation 
of mines, licensing system, secret voting, and 
corrupt practices at elections. The Address 
was agrcetl to in each House without a divi- 
sion. Sir. Disraeli criticising with some severity 
the misunderstnn ling which had been permitted 
lo grow out of the VWishington Treaty. Her 
M.ijesiy's Ministers had adopted a new system 
of vindicating tiieir policy during the recess, 
and might be said for the last six months to 
have lived in a blaze of apology. 

6. — Dieil, General \V. F. Beatson, chief 
of the Bashi-Bazouk force during the Crimean 
War. 

7. — The Speaker, Mr. Dcnison, announces 
his intention of resigning, as the lal>our of the 
House ha<l increased of Talc to an extent which 
greatly overtaxed his strength. Mr. (jladstone 
thereupon gave notice of his intention to move 
a vote of tiianks for his fifteen years' dislin- 
guishetl services in the chair, and for an address 
lo her Majesty that she would be graciously 
pleased to be'jtow some signal mark of her 
Koyal favour uj)on the Speaker. On the sub- 
ject of the pension usually given to retiring 
Speakers, Mr. Denison had previously written 
to the Prime Minister : — ** Though without any 
jiretensions to wealth, I have a private fortune 
which will sufTice, and for the few years of life 
that remain lo me 1 should be happier in feel- 
ing that I am not a burden to my fellow- 
rountrynien." 

- Came on before the Judicial Committee 
of the Privy Council, the case of the Rev. John 
I'urchas, of Brighton, charged with not having 
obeyed the monitions as to the discontinuance 
of certain vestments in the Holy Communion 
service, and the performance of ceremonies he 
had practised in the services ; as also in the 
use of lighted candles, incense, and mixing 
water with the communion wine, and likewise 
as to wafer bread . M r. Pu rchas was further cited 
for not paying the taxed costs of 2,096/. 14J. lod. 
incurred in the former procectlings. Mr. Pur- 
chas did not appear. The Lord Chancellor 
said their lordships were clearly of opinion 
that several acts of contempt had been proved 
against Mr. Purchas, and the order they would 
pronounce would be that Mr. Purchas be sus- 
pended ab offii'io for one year from the time of 
service of the order. As to the costs, their 
lordships would direct that Mr. Purchas be 
pronounced in contempt, and a icquestration 
he issued on his lay proferty. 
1042 



7. — ConTocation meets for the despatch of 
business, the Bisliop of Winchester preseotii^ 
a memorial from the Church Union to the 
Upper House, praying that any alterattocs 
made in the Prayer-book may be based rather 
ujK>n the first Prayer-book of Edward VI. than 
u|>on any sulisequent revision of that book, and 
that such alterations may only be made af:er 
mature deliberation by the Convocation of the 
two Provinces •* ratified by the full authority 
of the whole Sacred Synod of the nation, as 
was done on December 20, 1 66 1, after the last 
revision of the book." 

— Died, at Notting Hill, aged 77, the 
Right Rev. S. Hinds, formerly Bishop of 
Norwich. 

— Died at Baltimore, aged 62 years, the 
Most Rev. John Spalding, D.D., Roman 
Catholic Primate of the United States. 

8. — Lord Redesdale gives notice of his in- 
tention lo ask the Foreign Minister a hypothe- 
tical question on the subject of the Alabama 
claims. 

— Died, aged 72, Joseph Pease, a leading 
member of the Society of Friends in Darling- 
ton, and connected by marriage with the Gumey 
and Fry families. 

— Assassination of Lord Mayo, Governor- 
General of India. The Viceroy left Moulmein 
on the 6th, and reached Andaman Island this 
morning. After inspecting the public institu- 
tions in all the dangerous parts of the convict 
colony, he ascended Mount Harriet, for the 
x-iew, accompanied by a suf>erintendent, a staff 
of seven, and an anried police guard. They 
reached the top near sunset, stayed ten minute>, 
and walked down with Count Waldstein and 
Captain Lockwood in advance, the rest close 
together, with the Viceroy's guard on both 
sides and in the rear. About 300 yards from 
the hill darkness came on and torches were lit. 
No convicts were near, except on bar^ow^, 
with overseers, on a line off the road. About 
a quarter to seven they reached the pier, a 
narrow erecii<»n with sleep stone sides. When 
about twenty-five yards from the boat, the 
superintendent, with the Viceroy's permission, 
dropped a little behind to give an order. It 
was now quite dark. The armed escort was 
clcse to the Viceroy on both sides, the police 
and his body ser\'ant in the rear, and Major 
Bume a few paces to the left The Viceroy 
advanced a few paces along the pier, when a 
person unseen sprang in a moment out of the 
darkness, and stabbed him twice, on the top 
of the left shoulder and imder the right shoulder- 
blade. The assassin was immediately seized. 
The Viceroy ran a few paces forward and fell 
over the pier into shallow water on the left, 
but got up himself, and was helped out, his 
slioulder bleeding copiously. Lord Mayo 
walked firmly, felt his shoulder, and said, 
*'I don't think I am much hurt." He was 
laid on a cart, the blood now flowing rapidly. 
When beini^ earned \o vVvt Vxal %SStx hu 



PSSJ^t'AAV 



1872 



FEBRUARY 



\ wm bottod up, tlic Viceroy lAid twice, 

\^ my h^AiV" He jpokc no more, but 

ihortiy titcrwanls on his way ro the 

: iffn>sia, who was s«?izccl on the spot, 

t ta he a convict named 8hcrc Ali^ 

1 to pemi »crvitn<i*r for a murder com- 

ia Fe%hawiir in 1867. Intelligence of 

ity rraclied L>rn>Hv>ri nn the iTrteniociin 



t2tK* and 
irerc paiJ \ 



Lt5 

rn 

■lef 



md was lent out tu ludm by Mr. Dis« 

I \^lcieroy in 186& The Ixidy was taken 

6t5I instance to Calcutta, where the 

cKcilefncnt prcvaik-U fur a time, and 
Nivryoi by way of Suez to Englaiid, 

-T>ird, ttied 87, John Pottle, dramaliit, 
r oftlic once |x»pular ** Paal Pry," 

-Mr, Brand elected S[>eaker in room of 
jfuvni, his proposer being Sir Round ell 
'% ajud seconder Mr* Locke- King, 

- ^^ ' -te of the Livingstone Search 

^lingof Lieut. Dawson, K.N*, 
>J., and Mr. Oswald Living- 
I m tJie travel Irr. 

Tb« Prince and Princess of Wales leave 
uUini^hant for VVxci«isor and Osborne. 

U — M. Ronlier elected to sit for Corsica in 
file Niijooal Assembly. 

— Mines Regulation Bill introduced by Mr. 
Bnoe» ami the SooCch ^ucation Bill by the 
Lord Advocate. 

1A« — Tbc blc Speaker of the House of 
ukes his scat in the Lords as 
Dl CHsingtoD. 

.1j.r,l Tv«sl<?sdale asked the Secretary for 

whether, if A and B in 

^ in a court of bw for injnry 

tt. n by fnud or otherwise, and 

roves that B was actinjj with 

la? mAllcrs ' ' ' ' * ■ ' ;'!ea 

ht a coni] nt, 

Ircxulrr ^iv rccuvci^, ■,^. ■ < 'In} 

Why V-md taw and wliich com- 

tiiQS ^ to be just has not been 

Cnoiid*^ci L) Ijci iMije«ly*s Ctovcnimcnt ap- 
jiMfltili to A new case in tntcrnntioTi:^! law, a< d 

«md iqjat' ' *^' ' '^ams mailc on 

tliii oooatr ^ of America, 

ijth are now 

, iwaatiiiivh a« all tlie acts for which 

\% chwr^e^ wiih being culpably 

'luith, and that 

ion to be paid 

luiving >-H Granville de- 

to answer h\ ^juestions on 

SmSiIi 1a«r^ and vi u would be 

yifrfTiMr lo di>cu«s Liit.- AusLrimn claims at 
III* ptmmA fftAgc of the n<^otiattans. 

' — la aavwcir to a question put by Mr, 
liowtiraji^ Mr* Chdstotw rjtpUuis iomc cir- 





cumstances connected with Che recent appoint- 
ment to the Rectory of Ewebne. He said that 
the Act severing the rectory from the Regius 
I'rttfc&soribip ol Diviuiiy at Oxford did not at 
all limit the area over wliicb the Crown could 
exercise its patronage, except that the Crown 
was entitled to present only a member of the 
Cniveniity of Oxford. He admitted that ii 
was he who had recommended Mr, Harvey, 
of King's College, CambridgCj to become /ni 
jWmA a member of the Univcn^tty of Oxford 
and that it was no part of his duty to ascertain 
by inspection of original documents whether he 
was possessetl of the various qualifications 
which Mr, Mowbray had enumerated* He 
would, however, make inquiries, and inform 
the House of the resulL 

15- — Earl Stanhope mo^^es the sense of 
the House regarding the elevation of Sir 
Robert Collier to ihe Bench of Common Pleas, 
strongly condemnmg the course which the 
Government had taken. After explanation by 
Lord Granville the motion was negatived by 
89 to 8S votc^ Xo the course of the debate 
the Duke of Argyll declared that the letter of 
the Lord Chief Justice was only the letter of 
.Sir Alexander Cockburn j and throvighout it he 
iniulged in railing — he might almost say in 
ribald — accusation against the Goverument. 
When such was the cojic he denied that tlicir 
lordships were Ixiund lu attach any more weight 
to the obitir dicta of Sir Alexander Cockburn 
tlian lo those of anyone cl:ie. Sir Alexander's 
vocabulary was so lich and spicy, or so *• sen* 
saiional," as Mr, Justice WiUcs called it— and 
that meant claptrap rubbish — (a laugh)— that 
he hardly knew now to deal with it. * Evasion,*^ 
'* impropriety," **sub:eifuge,'* were some of 
the pretty terms that were used ; and he (the 
noble duke) took leave lo tell him that their 
lordships were quite as able as he was to judge 
of the applicability of such phrases. The 
letter, then, was simply the knter of Sir 
Alexander Cockburn, written, to^, in a state 
of great irritation, and even of cflcrvcscence. 
And why ? Because this Government, which 
was so addicted to jobbery, had actually kept 
a judgeship in the <J'ucen s Bench vacant for 
two years. — Lord VVeMbury described this 
attack as unjust arul indecent ; and acting on 
the suggestion of mutual friends, his grace tuok 
an early opiwrtunity of expressing his regret 
** for any words which may have justly seemed 
personally offensive to the Lord Chief Juilicc." 
The Poit thereupon remarked, **\Vith respect 
to the apology made by the Duke of Argyll in 
the House of Lords yesterday afternoon it ia 
enough to state, as we are in a pt^sition to 
state, that had such an apology not been made, 
either by the Duke of Argyll or Si>nie other 
member of the Cabinet, it would have been 
impossible for Sir Alexander Cockburn to 
continue to represent the Government on the 
[ Alabama arbitration." In the Common* a 
I vote of censure ou the ColUei ca^&xt ^a& ^^^^sM^ 
I by 26S to 2\\ votes. 



FEBRUARY 



1872. 



FEBRUARY 



15. — In the Commons tbe second reading 
of the Bdiiot Bill i& cairied by 1 09 to 51 votes, 

— Meeting in St. Jamf^' Hall, to promote 
reform in the Church of England^ u oppo^ 
to disestablishment ; presided over by Lord 
Lyttelton. Resolutions were proposed having 
reference to increascrd liberty in the tise of 
Prayer-book services, the discontinuance of the 
Athanasian Creed, and lay representation for 
parochial work. 

la. — Died, in his 90th year, the Right Rev, 
Dr. Daly, Protestant Biihop of VVaterford and 
Cashel. 

— Despatches from Melbourne announce 
that Bishop Patteton's death had been * *avenged'* 
by shelling the vilbg^e where the muider wa^j 
committed. 

17.— Murder in Lambeth. While George 
Mcrritt, a stoker, was ]>roceeiIing to his work 
at the Lion Brewery about three o'clock A- M., 
he was met by a man who at once fired 
a ]>istol at him. I'he first shot mkse^I ; then 
a second was fired, wliicli also m issued. Merrilt 
now bejjan to run, when a third shot was fired, 
which struck him in the neck. The assa-^in 
flien came up, and, attacking; him in a fearful 
manner, with a ila^ger, stal^bed him several 
times, an»l then ran away. He was met at the 
top of Tennison Street by a constable, who 
stopped him, and look him back to the s]iot 
whence the reports of ihc pistol proccetled* 
The body of the vicLira was then found » On 
the policeman turning his lantern on the 
unfortunate man, the asjjassin said, "Why, 
that is not the man 1 wanted. '* The wounded 
roan soon afterwards expiretl, and the ajisassin 
was taken into cuilody. He gave his name or 
names as William Chester Minor, and it was 
afterwards ascertained that he had at one time 
been a surgeon in the American ara^y, serving 
with distinction dunng llie late war. At his 
trial at Kingston assi/cfi, tjeforc Chief Justice 
Bovill, the jury gave effect to a plea of insanity 
set up on the prisoner's bdialf, and he was 
orilerod to be confined during her Majesty's 
pleasure. 

18.— Died at Jersey, agtd 8G years, General 
Charles Richard William Lane, C.B., of the 
Bengal Infantry, a veteran cf the Maiiratta 
and Burmese wars. 

19. — I^rd Shaftesbury's Ecclesiastical Pro- 
cedure Bill thrown out in the Lor«ts by 24 
votes to 14, the principal speech o^^inst the mea- 
sure being made by the Hisbop of 1 Peterborough, 
Of all men, he said, the clergy from the very 
nature of their profession stand most in neeil 
of protection. A clergyman is a person brought 
into collision — sometimes violent collision— 
with the prejudices, pasiions, and pariy'Spirit 
of the people, and yet it is proposed that he 
shall be liable to |>ro<;ecution by these people. 
The squire of the parish whose wife may not 
have received a return visit from the clei^- 
man's wife, may, with his gardener and baiiiflT, 
form the prosecutLn|r trio. Or the trio may 
1044 



con.4ist pr the publican, who has been o6reoded 
by the vit^s last sermon against drunkenness, 
and two of his bett cu<^tomers. He admitted 
that some years ago there might be a necessity 
for Church a.s:sociatioiis, but these vigilaace 
committees were rapidly becoming a dangerous 
ruling power in the Church instead of the 
Bishops^ ** The Church Association is not the 
only association of this kind — there ii aLo die 
Church Union. 1 admit that the object of that 
society is nut to undertake prosecutions— 
(cheers) — but after a time, w-hen persecution 
has gone on incesrantly Qpon one sule, there i^ 
that in human nature, and in clerical hun^in 
nature^ to turn upon the other side, and wlut 
will then be the peace and harmony of die 
Church when it is divided between these rival 
per^iccutors, when each diocese is turned iato 
a happy hunting ground for these rival sodeiiei 
— these theological Communists and VersaiK 
lists— and when each in its turn proceeds tc 
mark out its r^peci ive hostagei for ecclesiastic 
cal eiiecution ? (Cheers.) A nice state of things 
for the clergy — the Church Association swiiop- 
ing down upon them from above, the Church 
Union rushing on them from below, while 
every now and then they find themselves hooked 
by a neal turn of the Epbcopat wrist *^ 
( Laughter \ " Make the clergy, " concluded the 
Bishop, ** thi: slaves of a faciioo, or the victims 
of a party ; destroy their self-respect and 
indepcndt;:nce i and it will not be so much tbi^ 
clergy in the end as the laity who will suffer. 
Whate^'cr degmdes the clergy injury the laiijf 
of the Churdi, and therefore it is not mainlv 
in the interests of the clergy, but quite as mucft 
in the Interests of the laity, that I do 00^.1 
cimcsily entreat your lordship not to vote for 
the second reading of this bilL" 

10. — Lady Charles Innes Kerr seriouslY 
injured m the hunting-field, her horse rolling 
over her when taking n fence near Langley 
Park, She was conveyed to Rowley Farm, 
and passed fully a month in a state excilinij 
wide ci>mm iteration among all classes, from 
the Queen downwards. 

ai. — Mr. William Longman writes to the 
Trmei urging the propriety of following f^rc- 
cedents observed in 1604 and 1 678, by opening 
on the Thank figiving day ** a Book of Sub- 
scriptions for the completion of the Cathedral 
Church of St* Paul, made in the year 1S72, as 
a Perpetual Memorial of Thanksgiving for the 
recovery of bis Royal Highness tlie Prince of 
Wales from a dangerous sicknras^" and to keep 
this bookf like its two predecessors, in the 
library of St. Paul's, as a permanent record of 
the year in which a crowning effort was made 
for the completion of the Cathedral. " In this 
book it is intended that the names of all thoie 
who may make contributions for this especial 
object shall be inscribed, and it It hopcn that 
all who may be able to do so will, as wa« done 
by our forefather^ sign their names in it, ai 
the interest and value of the book to future 
generation* will thereby be greatly increased." 



^MUAMV 



1872, 



FBBHUARV^ 



■« a^ed Sr> ycAHs Colonel W. 
■i)^ Wc of tb« Indian Anny, last 
; »o<i U the poet. 

i NMfihbn^jk announced as the new 
•General of India. The duties of 
* Viceroy were, m ihe mfanumt:, per- 
i bf Lo^ Napter of Magdala. 

— Mr, Cltamberi* Marriage with a Decdscd 
Wtlr'i Siuer BilJ read a Nrcond time in the 
CoiKnons by 186 to tjS votes. 

— FoDctaJ ftcrvicc at Calcutta, in front of 
CoTemizkeni House, over the remains of I^ord 

, sftenvardii conveyed vvith befiitin^ cerc- 
r Oa bML^l her Majesty":! &htp Daphne. 

Sir Jolia Coleridge concludes his speech 
Ulc defcnt-e in the 1 ichbome case, having 
jf-six days. 

ly Estimates movetl by Mr. 

^tola] amount, 14,824,500/. \ net 

aacuinpored with 1871, 1,027,000/. ; 

oi men ij3,46ov against 155,047 in 

object iipecially kept in view undar 

;tion Act of last year, was the 

of forces — id enlifi cation with a 

fof the purptJfics of recruiting, of train- 

COfUiecting regnlarv with auxiliaries, and 

oafnecdng the roerves wiih those who are 

llv --<-r M„. ., ...urcls. He believed 




tfeflft Iti 1 100, wbt ly carried 

^MHVj^r le Standards classes 

^^^^^Mu Hut nu» jtrui tlictu, will spread abroad 
^^^^Hhliedge of the advantages whidi arc 
^^HHo by «er>ice in the anny, and will 
^HncillKe the army with tics of family and 
^Vsircd* It will induce men from the militia 
lo joiii tbe army, and it will destroy competl- 
tioQ in iccruiTTrii; iMjtwccn the army and the 
It cd tu divide the country 

ftterritOTi , in each of which there 

\ be a bitt^ii *' "''':, III 

id ^ 1 M-'i 

-^ "I \ ,..,..... :... ._.^ia* 

I of the regidari, 

i u strict would liave 

o_uii4.l depot, at which the recruiting 

traintng would be carried on not only of 

mil Ilia, but of the reserves and of the 

nlta for the line battalions. 

— Eareutjun at Satory of Lagrange and 
■*cri, OS the murderers of Generals Lecomte 
Tboina%. 

•S.— Mr. Fhh afwwen Loni Granville's 

"fneri Ung the in- 

dif«i V are covered 

by tht \rncrican 

Co^erij ,v from 

tl» «m- - irbiira- 

Kioil. of the 1 rcaty, it was 

> tti f to England* 

for the Conser- 

tti. vacant by the 

f ; the nnml)eis being, 




S9« — Demonstnitton at Antwerp in lavouf 

of the Count dc Chambord. 

^A. — Navy Estimates ksued. Total sum 
required for the year, 91,508,149/., being a 
decrease of 28 t,4to7/, as compared with last 
year. 

fk7* — The Queen, with the Prince and Prin- 
ces of Wales, and other members of the Royal 
Family, accompanied by all the high officeri 
of the Crown, proceed in state to Sl Paul's 
Cathedral, tojom in a Thanksgiving Service 
for the recovery of the F*riuce of Wales. The 
feeling of loyalty excited by the long and sevare 
illness, joined to the elaburate preparations 
known to have been made for this ceremonial, 
combined to make it one of the most entliusi* 
astic displays seen in her Majcsty^s reign. If 
the cix>wds were not at all \iuinis equally large, 
or single decorations quite so gorgeous as on 
the occasion of the Prmccss Alexandra's arrival, 
there was on the other hand un equality of rich» 
ness, a continued and unvarying appearance of 
wealth, magnificence, and taste, from Pall Mall 
to Fleet Street, from St. Paul's to Holbom, 
from Oxford Street back again to Buckingham 
Palace, such as had never been seen betore. 
This was in great part owing to the pruvident 
arrangements of the citizens, by which, instead 
of dticorations made according to the taste of 
each separate individual, a complete design was 
in most places followed out in every particular 
by a careful combination of means and minds 
beforehand, while the emulation in rich hang- 
ings, banners, lamps »nd devices, which on 
fonner occasions caused a certain prodigality 
and waste of resource, was this year !iharc*d l>e* 
tween whole parishes or streets, so that the loss 
of picturesqueness on one side wa.^ more than 
compensateil by a sustained and long drawn out 
uniformity of magnificence, such as bad been 
hitherto unknown in London. The weather 
had been for some days raw and gusty, and as 
it was known that this was the only circum- 
stance likely to interfere with the Prince's 
attendance, the opening of the morning was 
looked forward to with some concern. The 
day turned out to be exceptionally dry and 
mild for the season, and by ten o'clock myriads 
had taken up their station within the bamcades 
in the streets at the windows overli joking the 
route of the procession, or on the endless plat- 
forms with which it was lined. A few minutes 
past twelve o'clock the procession set out from 
buckmgham Palace, and proceeded slowly to St. 
Paul's by way of the Green Park, Pall Mall, llic 
Strand, Fleet Street, and Ludgatc Hill. First 
came the carriages of the Speaker, the Lord 
Chancellor, and the Commander-in-Chief^ fol- 
lowed by nine Royal carriages, six of them 
filled with ladies and gentlemen of the Court, 
the seventh with the younger brothem of ih« 
Prince, another by the Master of the Horse, 
iind the last by the (,iuccn, the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, Prince All^ert Victor, and 
the Princess Bealticc. lu \\ve V?l\V. \3tvtL Vsfif^U 
party wer« 61 sl *a\uVtd \s^ «l \i;kM <^ "ip^^^^i 



lEBRUARY 



1872. 



FEBRUARY 



children, who sung the National Anthem 
as the procession pii'sed. At Temble 
Bar they were received by the Lord Mayor, 
SherifTs, and A Mermen, and the Queen 
presented with the City sword, graciously re- 
turning it to its Iwarer. While the Court party 
were passing along the decorated streets, amid 
deafening welcomes a vast company of 13,000 
had assembled in St. Paul's, composed largely 
of members of lx)th Houses of Parliament, 
representatives of the army and navy, the heads 
of the great City Companies and civic digni- 
taries from all parts of the kingdom. Within 
the Cathedral nothing could l)c more complete 
than the arrangcm-jnts, and nothing more 
f^rfect than their execution. The doors having 
<*cen opened early in the morning, every- 
body got in without delay, and found places 
without confusion. At one o'clock the pro- 
cession arrived at the great western entrance to 
the Cathedra], and streamed in through a ves- 
tibule erected on the steps bearing the inscrip- 
tion, ** I was glad when they said unto me. We 
will go into the House of the Lord." The 
Queen was received by the Dean and Chapter 
of St. Paul's and conducted with stately 
reverence to the Royal pew set apart for her 
household. She was dressed, it was noticed, 
in black velvet, bro.i<lly trimmed with white 
ermine, and the Princess in blue covered with 
a black lace mantle. The Prince of Wales 
wore the uniform of a general officer with the 
collars of the Orders of the Garter and Bath. 
Her Majesty, leaning on the l*rince, led one of 
her grandchildren by the hand, the Princess of 
Wales another. The service began with the 
** Te Deum," followe<l by a few responses from 
the Liturgy and Ix>rd's Prayer ; then the ordi- 
nary prayers for the Queen and Royal Family, 
with a special form of thanksgiving. The Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury pronounced the benedic- 
tion, and afterwards preached a short sermon 
from the text, Rom. xii. 5, ** Members one of 
another." This was succeeded by a Thanks- 
giving Hymn specially prepared for the occa- 
sion, which brought tne service to a close 
a few minutes before two o'clock. The pro- 
cession then re-formed at the Cathedral door, 
and set out on the return journey by way of 
Ludgate Hill, Old Bailey, Holbom Viaduct, 
Oxford Street, to the Marble Arch, Hyde Park 
Comer, and Constitution Hill to Buckingham 
Palace, all converging thoroughfares on the wav 
being decorated as profusely and crowded with 
people cheering as lustily as the route traversed 
before. In the evening the illuminations were 
on a scale commensurate with the splendour of 
the reception accorded to her Majesty and fiunily 
during the day. 

a7.— Although careful inspection was made 
of most of the platforms lining the route of the 
Royal procession to-day, a general regret i^-as 
felt towards evening that several tpectaton 
had been hurt at different parts of the city 
by the idling of scaffokiing and the excited 
crush in the streets. 
1046 



97, — Collision in the Meney between the 
Cunard steamer Parthian bound for Boston, 
and the screw steamer Emiliano^ inward bound 
from Singapore and Manilla. The latter had 
to be beached near Tranmere, and her cargo, 
consisting of tobacco and sugar, was almost 
destroyed. The Parthia after wanls ran into 
the AV/ta, from Vigo, and did her considerable 
damage. 

— Died, Rev. John McLeod Campbell, 
D.D., author of various religious treatises and 
sermons, some of which led to hb being sus- 
pended from a charge in the Scotch Church 
at Row for heresy in 1831. 

S9. — The Queen writes from Buckingham 
Palace to Mr. Gladstone that she was anxious 
as on a previous occasion "to express publicly 
her own personal very deep sense of the recep- 
tion she and her dear children met with on 
Tuesday, the lyih of February, from millions 
of her subjects on her way to and from Sl 
Paul's. Words are too weak for the Queen to 
say how very deeply touched and gratified she 
has been by the immense enthusiasm and aflcc' 
tion exhibited towards her dear son and her- 
self, from the highest down to the lowest, in 
the long progress through the capital, and she 
would earnestly wish to convey her wannest 
and most heartfelt thanks to the whole nation 
for this great demonstration of loyalty. The 
Queen, as well as her son and dear danghter- 
in-law, felt that the whole nation joined with 
them in thanking God for sparing the beloved 
Prince of Wales's life. The remembrance of 
this day, and of the remarkable order main- 
tained throughout, will for ever be affectionately 
cherished by the Queen and her family. " 

— Assault on the Queen. About half- 
past five o'clock, as her Majesty was entering 
Buckingham Palace after a drive, a lad sud- 
denly presented himself at the side of the car- 
riage, hohling a paper in one hand and a pistol 
in the other. He tried at first, it was said, to 
attract the attention of I-ady Churchill, mis- 
taking her probably for the Queen, by whose 
side she sat, and then appeared to be about to 
address himself to her Majesty, going round the 
back of the carriage, when the equerries and 
the Queen's personal attendant, John Brown, 
followed him and gave him into the custody of 
the police sergeant on duty at the time. The 
Queen showed no sign whatever of fear. The 
kd was immediately disarmed of the pistol, 
which proved to be unloaded. It was an old- 
fashioned weapon, with a flint and steel lock, 
which was broken, and in the barrel a piece of 
greasy red rag was found. } le had also a knife 
in his possession, and the paper to which refe- 
rence has been made was found on examination 
to be a petition, written on parchment, for the 
release of the Fenian prisoners. He was taken 
forthwith to the King Street police-station, 
Westminster, where he gave the name Arthur 
O'Connor, and stated hu age to be lerenteen. 
Her Majesty at once cansol a message to be 



FEBRl/ARY 



l%72. 



MAKCff 



to botli Houses or ^irliirocnt mforming 
of the circumstance with a view to 
t unnecessary alarm. 

I. — Intimation made to the Loni Mnyor and 
iffis of Lcmdon that ii was tlie in Lent ion of 
■" r a baronetcy upon the 
i upon the latter in con- 
'i\\ -^ .,,-^t Thanksgiving Service, 
*'llt«» which,'* wrt>te iMr. Gladstone, " ihe City 
[ ^ jjflttdon has perhaps never witnessed a cele* 
I *oIemn or more satisfactory." The 
order, Mr. Ch.imbers, also at Ihis 
i Ihe honour of knighthood. 

nTnrTiced to be heard at the South- 
rt the charge of libel with intent 
V. preferred against AJexandcr 
r, Lambeth, by Sir T ravers 
'>ly's Advocatc-GcnemI, and 
_^ 1 „ .- . : apf^eared that soon after their 
marriage ai Dresiien in i86i, the defendant, 
who had acted for Lady Twlss in husincas 
tfniiMctions* made a demand upon her for 150/. 
SSf Travel's *cliciior paid him 50A, antl 
Ottfleffs gatic a receipt in full of aU demands. 
He Kflit other letter*, and l>ronj4hi shnm actions 
Lftdf Twjss far alleged slanders. In 
dy Twis* was presented at St. Tamcs*s 
* RmhtTford Aicock, and in 1 869 was 
„ at her Maj*^5tv's Dn*wing Room* On 
2Qth of Apnl of that ycir the defendant 
-hin complaining of 
had rtiisconductcd 
V5 to her marriage 
The Lord Chamber- 
he was bound lo do 
ces, the result of which 
11 self and Sir TraTers and 
: 4lh of April, last year, 
ant, determined to carry on his mali- 
t persecutions, made a statutory- declaration 
"^ Street Police Court, in which he accused 
I of the groisesl immoralities ; de- 
ihat her name before marriage was 
Gclas; that she lived in London for 
,11 V -1 tt<i addresses named » and 
►usly immoral cluiracter; 
I her in Kcgcnt Street in 
d her to her lodgings in 
L where he stayc<l some 
». fti ij t\i ly gave her a sovereign ; lh.it 
ntly passed whole nights m her 
^muiy times ; Ihat her conduct was 
' r IiaB et^fl for the class to which she 
_ and that she was in consequence 
calkfi to order at the Ilolborn Cadno; finally, 
tKat Sir Tnvcrs Ivn*^ had inimnral re bt ions 
villi bcr b' ' ' ,r;^. The case voii 

lilhhe ijlh NfnrcK 
^ lily Twti* to a severe 
ion for several days. On 
I he prosecuting counsel, 
ptATd, Ici ihc: surprise of the Court, that 
TwiM was detennined not to appear 




TCTS Twiss. 

in'^^iine^, as 



I r ^^^ 



to answer a second charge, with the remark, 
•* With regartl to what you have alleged touch- 
ing the conduct of this unfortunate woman, 
who, after braving the Court for a few days, 
has shrunk from meeting llic frightful chaises 
you have brought against her, I a^ure you that 
your conduct in this case, which rendered it 
necessary for her to take steps against you, will 
cling to you as a reproach to the end of your 
days, and you will live an object of contempt 
to all honest men." (Loud applause.) 

MATCh 1. — Sir Rotmrlelt Palmer's resolution 
for the establishment of a School of Law nega- 
lived in the Commons hy 116 to 103 votes. 

— Fifteen persons acciilen tally poisoned hy 
arsenic after attending a funeral lit Saxby^ IJn- 
colnshire* 

fl.— Died, In his 8ist year, Admiral Sir 
James Scott, K.C.B., an officer who had 
served with distinction in French^ American, 
antl Chinese wars. 

3. ^Sunday "demonstiation" in Hyde Paik 
against the Parks Regulation Bilk 

— Died, Mr. Angus M*Prierson, Secretary 
to the Highland Socieiy, and translator of the 
Queen's Diary in the Highlands into Gaelic, 

4. — Stidden termiflatiot\ of the huge Tich- 
bomc case^ the jury to-day submitting to t^e 
Lord Chief Justice the following brief state- 
ment : — '* We have now heard the evidence 
regarding the tattoo marks, and, sutijcct lo 
your lordship^s directions, and to the hearing 
of any further evidence that the le.T:me<l counsel 
may desire to place before us, T am authorized 
lo state that the jury do not require further 
evidence." An adjournment was thcrcfoic 
made to the 6th, the 103rd day of trials when 
Mr. Serjeant Ballanttne sought to gain further 
lime by alleging that the plaintiff had been 
taken by surprise so far as the tattoo marks 
were concerned. Finding, however, that the 
decision of the jury was based upon the entire 
evidence as well as the tattoo marks, he 
ultimately advised his client to submit lo a n«m- 
suit. After some discussion a nonsiiil was 
entered, and his lordship ordered the plaintiff 
to be committctl to the next session at the 
Central Criminal Court, upon a charge of 
wilful and corrupt perjury, and orderetl htm to 
remain in custody unld then, unless he shtmld 
find b.iil himself in 5,000/. and two sureties 
in 2,500/. or four in 1,250/. each. He al?io 
c)tpresse<l his opinion that the Government 
should undertake the prosecution, and he bound 
over Mr Inspector Dunning as prosecul<ru% 
The Attorney-General said that the Govern- 
ment would undertake the prosecution, and on 
his application a Bench warrant was issued for 
the apprelicfision of the plaintiff, who was soon 
after conveyed to Newgate. Jlis lordship 
thanke<l the jury for the unwcnried attcntina 
they had bestowed oul\vt CSLst, ^tv^X Wk'^x^^W^ ^ 
hope thai m the i\c>w V«Y ^'^^ ^ t\^>^'ift ^^^^ 



MARCH 



1872. 



MARCH 



be introduced exempting them from further 
BCfvice so long as they wished lo he exemote<l. 
The Claimant s case had l)ecn supported !)y the 
oaths of eighty-five witnesses, comprising the 
baronet's mother, the family sohcitor, one 
liaronet, six magistrates, one general, three 
colonels, one major, two captains, thirty-two 
non-commissioned officers and privates, four 
clergymen, seven tenants of the estate, sixteen 
servants of the family, and twelve general 
witnesses, who all swore to his identity. His 
claim was denied by the oaths of seventeen 
witnesses. 

A, — Died at his residence, Carlton House 
Terrace, William Lowther, Earl of Lonsdale, 
?ged 85 years. 

5. — An imperial Order in Council issued at 
Berlin, decreeing the foundation of a Naval 
Academy at Kiel. 

6. — The Queen, who had contemplated in- 
stituting a medal as a reward for long or faithful 
service among her domestic scr\'ants, inaugu- 
rates the institution by conferring on Mr. 
John Brown, her Majesty's personal attend- 
ant, a medal in gold, with an annuity of 25/. 
attached to it, as a mark of her appreciation 
of his presence of mind and of his devotion on 
the occasion of the attack made upon her 
in Buckingham Palace Gardens on the 29th of 
February. 

— Died at his residence, St. George's Square, 
Primrose Hill, Dr. Goldstiicker, Professor of 
Sanskrit in University College, London. 

7. — Report of the MegtEra Commission laid 
on the table of the House of Commons. Sir 
Spencer Robiason was held to l)e ** mainly re- 
sponsible for the misfortune which befell the 
vessel," on the ground that he was answerable 
for the defective organisation of his department, 
for the imperfect scrutiny of dockyard reports, 
for the perfunctory insi>ection exercised by the 
dockyard officials, and specially for neglecting 
to have the Mfgtera examined during the five 
montlis when she lay idle at Sheemess before 
l>eing re-com missioned for Australia. This 
conclusion the Commissioners stated they had 
come to with r^ret ; for there can be no ques- 
tion of the zeal and abilitv of Sir Spencer 
Robinson, and it is difficult, they think, to have 
taken part in this inquiry without forming "a 
high appreciation of his merits as a devoted 
public servant. " Mr. Reed and Mr. Bamaby 
were blamed for the incomplete insj)ection 
made at Woolwich in 1866. 

— The Scotch Education Bill read a second 
time, Mr. Auberon Herbert's amendment 
against applying rates to religious teaching 
being negatived by 238 to 6 votes. 

8.— Mr. Mowbray raises the question of the 
Ewelme Rectory appointment, Mr. Gladstone 
defending the proceeding on the ground that it 
was not a colourable qualification which the 
incumbent had acquired, but one solid, sub- 
stant)^, an^ perfect. Nevertheless, he admitted 
tiuu ^^r^mfy&rr? the luttunl coune would hare 



l)een to look for an Oxford man in the absence 
of reasons to the contrary, and these reasons 
Mr. Gladstone explained were the recommend- 
ations he had receive<i as to the incumbent's 
eminence as a divine, and his ill-health, which 
made his immediate removal to a more salu- 
brious neighbourhood desirable. 

8.— Died at St. Petersburg. Prince Paul 
Gagarine, President of the Council of Min- 
isters. 

— Prince Bismarck carries the School In- 
spection Bill in the Prussian Upper House bv 
125 votes against 76. He cautionetl the Con- 
servatives against the machinations of the 
Ul tramontanes, who were endeavouring to get 
up a |X)pularagitat ion against the Government hv 
accusing it of attempting to make Prussia "a 
godless state." Such manoeuvres were totally 
at variance with the character of a Conservative 
opposition, and the Government could not 
believe that the Conservatives would give any 
countenance to them. The Prince then pointeil 
out that since the defeat of Catholic Austria 
and France by Protestant Prussia, t})e German 
UltramonLines had entered u|X)n the field of 
foreign political intrigue, and he quoted on thi^ 
subject a despatch which he had just receive<i 
from *'one of the most prominent German 
ambassadors at one of the most important posts 
in Europe." This despatch says that " the re- 
venge which France desires is connected with 
the arousing of religious dissensions in Ger- 
many. The power and unity of Germany are 
to be i>aralysed by such dissensions, and the 
clergy of both countries, acting under direc- 
tions from Rome, are to assist by their means 
in restoring the temporal power of the Pope. '' 

9. — Meeting in the Sheldonian Theatre, 
Oxfonl, preside<l over by Bishop M.ickamess, 
to direct increasetl attention to the claim of the 
Melanesian Mission as the most fitting manner 
of honouring the martyretl Bishop Patte<Jon. 
A former labourer in that field, the Bishoj) 
of IJchfield, addressed the meeting at some 
length, explaining the nature of mission work 
in that part of the world, and the self-denying 
]al)ours of the late prelate. A resoluti(m was 
also proposed declaring that the new slave 
trade in the Pacific calls for the pnnnpt and 
effective interference of the Government. 

— The Ewelme Rectory appointment being 
discussed in a manner tending to bring discredit 
on the Prime Minister's character for fairness, 
the Dean of Canterbury (Payne-Smith), who 
held the living before it was separaie<l 
from the Divinity chair by the appointment <>i 
Dr. Mozley to the latter, writes : " Long after 
the arrangements between myself and Dr. 
Mozley were made, Mr. Gladstone offered the 
rectory to a distinguished member of the Con- 
vocation of Oxfonl ; and it was only on hit 
declining ii that Mr. Har\'ey was appointeil. 
Personally, I shoald have liked an Oxford man 
for my sncoessor. The aisodations connected 
with the place would haxt made it doubi 



1872. MARCH 



\ tr« sit Oxford man. The memories of 

t aod Howky, of Lloyd and Burton 
icn, must be dearer 10 us than ihey 
J TDcmber of ihc sister University* 
iCiUnbnrJgc man was lo Ijc uppoinleJ, 
Ifirey ii a nf»c scholar aiid a good parish 
inil I rejoice that a place very dear to 
bid have fallen into such good Imnds/* 

,.— Banquet giv^n liy the Mayor of Win- 

:ft€T Vi \*n\i Northbrook^ .is a public ex» 

ion of the respect and admiration which 

hif^ men entertain for his lordship's 

man, ami of congralula- 

yoo tt '*t as V'tceroy of India 

Jr,^,., lr. Grant Duff attetidc<l 

I the Ir 

Tlic V - Irinceas of Wales leave 

rion for I'^ns on ihcir i^ay to Geneva, 
to the Mediieirancan and scmth of 




nt ?i^i. aj^»ed about 70, Joseph 

inot fciule in desperate 

>etJ of high political and 

quaJi!i's Hss funeral took place at 

on the 19th. when the remains were 

f0»tki«ed to the grave by a body of about 

Sc\GOO admirers. 

— Died, Rev. Jimen WclK 40 year* Baptist 
r of ibc SuiTcy Tabernacle, 

r, Holnis's proposal to reduce the 
_ \ by 20»ooo, negativctl by 234 lo 63 \ 
lr. Mttntf'i prtiposal lo reduce them by 
fejcotcdby a 16 to 67, 

' ing up of the Erie Ring, 
dccte*l chairman, and 
.;. -icrintcndenL 

the assassin of Lord Mnyo, 

.....( v.-r..r^ lieing led out that 

< Ah the Viceroy and 

11 he heard the gim* 

Ofunng the Viccroy'si iirrival he sharpened 

a« kistfe in ihe jungle. It was now siirmisetl 

t)i4t \m was not hidini^ at the pier, but quietly 

lisid tlic party, and m the dark crept close (o 

No clue to anything like a con* 

discovered, Shere Ali made no 

than that be could not nsisl 

itMlfmfetr to kill the Viceroy. 




— Shere Ali, 



l>fa|«w 



W.-T. 



rl Vi- 



rii!% 



Ihc 



, tliff tfttcd eod 

1 Iw ihetiK 1 ' 



rlvcs judgment in the 

.igains^t the receiver 

•'Iff Railway. I J is 

-the company 

txl by arbitra- 

'—' ..> pay 

-: of 

nds 

arrain|>;«: merit liAtl been 

r»r^ Eatl Ftrrrer* a%ked 

' ■ '• ' M^ 

■■ I 'I '■''";•• 



ptieh a precedent, and dismissed the bill with 
costs. 

la.— Mr. Salt's Public Worship Facilitiei 
BHI read a second time by 122 voles to 93, the 
object as explained by the propo^^er being to 
give greater elasticity and freedom lo the paro* 
chial system by allowing the bishop of ihc 
diocese in certain cases to license clergymen to 
perform divine service in places of wonship, in* 
eluding chapels in private houses, olherthan the 
parish church. 

J -4. — A proposal, made in connection with 
the progress of the Ballot Bill through the 
Commons, lo throw the election expenses upon 
the Consolidated Fund, rejected by 206 to 144 
votes. 

IS.— Mr. Dodson submits to the House his 
scheme for the amendment of the system of 
pnyate business and legislation, the main pro- 
posal being to transfer the preliminary investi- 
gations from Select Committees to a permanent 
tribunal of a judicial character, before which 
promoters and opponents could be heard iti 
open court, 

— Lord Northbrook gazetted Governor- 
General of India. 

le.— Stranding of H.M-S. Lord Clyde oa 
the isle of Pantellcria. 

17.— Announcement made that the Secre- 
tary of State for Iiuiia had reaolved, ** Ihat 
having regard to the eminent services rendered 
by the late Karl of Mayo as Viceroy and Go- 
vernor-General of India, to the munificence 
with which he maintained in that office the 
dignity of the Crown, and fo his death by a 
deed of violence to which he was exposed in 
the discharge of his public duty, a life annuity 
of 1,000/, be confcrre<i on the Countess of 
Mayo, to l>e paid out of the revenues of India \ 
and, further, that there be paid out of the same 
revenues the sum of 20,000/. for the benefit of 
the younger children of her ladyship and of the 
late Earl of Mayo," 

I a.— Vice- Chan eel lor Wick ens gives judg- 
ment in the case of the Atlomey-Gcncral f% 
Bailey Corporation— a suit brought to restrain 
the Town Council from providing out of the 
local rales a gold chain for the mayor, at a cost 
of 200/. His Honour held that the proposefl 
expenditure was not within the scope of the 
Municipal Corporations' Reform Act, and that 
a chain was not a necessary adiunct of the 
magisferial jtosition, and granted tne injunction 
asked for. 

1©,— The finit "free election" of a bishop 
for the disestablished Church of Ireland takes 
place at Clonmel, when the Dean of Limerick 
was elected to the vacant see. 

— Sir Charles Dilkc's motion for ar ;nnuiiy 
into the Civil List rejecte^l after a di^rderty 
scene at the division of the Hovuie^ by v\^ to s. 
votes. 



MARCH 



1872. 



APRIL 



flO. — Announcement made that Sir Travers 
Twiss had resigned his ecclesixstical appoint- 
ments under the Archbishop of Canterbury and 
Bishop of London, as also the office of Queen's 
Advocate. He was succeeded in the office of 
Chancellor of the Diocese of London by Dr. 
Tristram, and as Vicar-General of Canterbury 
by Dr. Deane, Q.C. The office of Queen s 
Advocate was not filled up. 

— The motion for the second reading of Mr. 
Fawcett's bill for the abolition of tests in 
Dublin University "talked out." On the 
26th the pro|K)sal for a second reading was 
carried by 94 to 21 votes. 

— Lord Granville replies to Mr. Fish's 
answer to a former ** friendly communication," 
that the British Government had never recog- 
nized the indirect claims. 

— Fire at DUsseldf>rf, destroying the Academy 
with its rich art treasures, and much other 
property. 

8fi. — The Gatdte contains the long-threat- 
ened "denunciation" of the French Com- 
mercial Treaty in the form of a communication 
from the Dnc de Broglie to Earl Granville. 
This treaty, it was said, was the first of some 
others which had arrived at a term when it could 
be regularly annulled. ** We can no longer 
even reckon with any certainty on the possibility 
of modifications which would be necessary to 
us. We arc, therefore, obliged to prepare for 
its cessation by denouncing it now. Confident 
in our intentions, resolved to use only with 
great moderation the freedom which will be 
restored to us, either by negotiation of new 
conventions, or rather by our own legislation 
on our commercial rigime^ we have taken this 
step under the pressure of a public interest 
which cannot be misunderstood." 

— Bach*s ** St. John ** Passion music per- 
formed for the first time in England in Han- 
over Square Rooms. 

fl3. —The Queen leaves Windsor Castle for 
Gosport on her way to Baden. 

— University Boat-race, Cambridge wimiing 
by half a length, amid a heavy snow-storm. 

fl5.— Bust of Mr. Grote, historian, unveiled 
in Westminster Abbey. 

— The agricultural labourers of Warwick- 
shire commence an agitation for increase of 
wages. 

— Replying to an intimation that one of 
her Majesty's inspectors intended visiting 
East Brent school. Archdeacon DenLson writes : 
— ** I am sole manager of the East Brent paro- 
chial school, and I do not admit a government 
inspector inside the school. I have no * con- 
science clause ' of any kind, nor ever shall have. 
I have nothing to do with the 'Elementary 
Education Act, except to denounce it as irre- 
ligioos. If I am called upon to pay a ' school 
rate,* I shall refuse to pay it ; and the amount 
wiJJhave to he levied on my property under a 

lOJO 



distress warrant. If you think it worth your 
while to inspect the school from outside, thnt 
is for yourself to decide upon. If you deci<le 
so to inspect the school, I shall be happy 1 1 
give you luncheon, provided that no word :| 
said to me about the school I can make ri 
answer to the queries contained in the paper 
inclosed, and return it. Nor can I answer 
any other letter on the subject of the school, 
and request that none other be written to me." 

fid. — Mr. Lowe introduces the annual Bud- 
get. The revenue for the current year, estimated 
at 72,315,000/. had realized 74,535,000/., being 
an excess of 2,220,000/. On the estimated ex- 
penditure there had been a saving of 1,016,000/. 
For the ensuing year Mr. Ix)we estimates the 
revenue at 74,915,000/. and the expenditure at 
71,313,00a With the surplus at his disposal 
he proposed extending the present exemptions 
from the inhabited house-tax to shops, offices, 
or warehouses, which would cost 50,000/. a 
year ; to reduce the duty on coffee and chicory 
to about one half at a cost of 230,000/. ; to ex- 
tend the principle of abatemert in respect of 
incomes chargeable with income-tax from 200/. 
a year to 300/. a year, and to increase the 
amount to be deducted from the assessment 
from 60/. to 80/. I^istly, and most imporiaiit 
of all, he would take off the extra twopence 
of income-tax imposed last year, reducing this 
tax from sixpence to fourpence at a cost to the 
reveinie of 2,700,000/. The Budget was 
generally thought to be simple and felicitous, 
showing judicious finance, a sound fiscal system, 
and a just regard for the interests of the people. 

87. — Fire in Glasgow, destroying the exten- 
sive range of warehouses and shops ocaipicd 
by Messrs. Fraser and M*Laren in Arg)'ll and 
Buchanan Streets and McGeoch's ironmongery 
stores in the courts adjoining. — Two days later 
the Lancefield Spinning Company's mill in the 
same city was destroyed by fire. 

— William Rodway sentenced at Kingston 
assizes to twenty yeara' penal servitude for stab- 
bing Ellen Carrington, Famham, a woman with 
whom he had at one time lived and been en- 
gaged in business with. 

30.^ — Eight young girls suffocated in a fu/ce 
factory near Camborne, West Cornwall, by the 
unexpected ignition of a heap of recently-spun 
fiize. 

April I. — Died, at the house of his nieces, 
the Misses Sterling, Bolton Row, London, 
aged 70 years, the Rev. Frederick I)eniso!\ 
Maurice, M. A., Professor of Moral Philosophy 
at Cambridge, and author of many jx)pular 
volumes on theology and morals. His remains 
were interred in Highgate cemetery on the 5lh, 
in the presence of a large number of his 
friends of all opinions. 

— The 300th anniversary of ibe capture (^f 
Briel celebrated in Holland 



1« — Esstcr mricw at Briglito»n ; the move- 

ecvtcd m the presence of many 

of FpectJitors, hut amid showery, 

ve«ther. About 20^000 volunteers 

\ pstt to the dispUy. 

L— Died at Ventnof, aged 30, Robert 
M, A*, a promiiing Canihridge .schwlar, 
tailor Wtaoeler uid fii^t Smith's Prueman in 
1866c 

— M. Vmemcsaint and ^f. VJtr^ convicted 
flf inttlkll^ Geskeraj Trocliu in the /w^nnt, and 
.^-nt^-n^^ each to a ^nc of 3|OOOf, and a 
imprisonment* 
J \fr Tt^cT^rii, on a visit to T^ncashtre, 
» (udicficc in the Free Trade 

?^ r He spoke of the Con- 

it was the special object 
fve pnrty to maintain, of 
fi ' Inirch and State, and* 

*^ ry politic*. On foreij^n 

pf A. . -- -- -.--., fcmarkctl that although 
pQvc^i wrcre apt to pnt them aside, yet the 
mrr-.t Tirnl crrTn:r^^«mrc* have been occasioned 
- lie iUustrated this 
V Since he had been 
in jniisuc itic inert nad been for this country a 
pneat calamity azid there was a great danger, 
ukd !»^jt!i iiii:7>it have been avoided* The 
• Crimean War, On that 
' ii ol«ervefi : **I itpeak of what 
uf what I believe^ but of what I 
e in my possession to provc^ihat 
W'- vM never have happened 
It iiained m office. How 

hi , I Kent treated the demand 

cl kouia U r L^ation of the Treaty of 

fvrn} If threatened war, they 

tlitcvr over Mary, and agrted 

la arTani:erTv vioktio»of that 

ti ^ ' ^" r -'^^,,1^ and, 

in ' thcm- 

K ,, , Kiiion/* 

ll<g;»r«l^g the future pulicy uf the Conser^'at ive 
fM^fi Mr. Di-traeli remarked: ** If I may 
r. ■ uch a hint, let n» lake care 

e vcbc* to be made to any 

e^ the ambition nr of the dis- 

Cvft r : politicians on the other ?iide. 

I tr J I mean- It may vcr)- likely 

be the gime of the KailicaJ party to try and 
tarn oat the pre«mt Mirristry ii they can and 
to pvt a Comervaiive Gcjvemment in its place, 
Ibai Cooaerrative Government iKini; in a 
■ iao ff i Cy, hoping that by so drting ihcy shnl! W 
Able to recottttmct their own party upon n new 
|4vt4offm, plerf^iTv! to moie extreme and more 
\nd then to have a Cabinet 
9t i*t thtvTou^jhijiiing Ratircals. 

' iway i>t -ncir tactica. But >usl because 
It h libctr game it ought not to be ours.** 

^ Antfodi destroyed by an earthquake* and 
at many at l«60Q pctKms itported to be killed. 

-^ *' ' ' ' 1 s-enling 

m of i 
arrl / 



to the Church as I look to churchmen, as the 
mainlainers and upholders of the ins>itutiun^ 
of the land ; bnt ! wish as much as po!i!iible to 
divest that natural connect ion of mere party 
feeling, and I nm prepared upon all occasions 
to act with churchmen heartily and cordially 
for the great ends which they propose, without 
any reference to the iramet'liate necessities *4 
the political connection of which 1 am proud 
to be a member.** To another deputation 
representing a Church Defence As,socia"ion, 
the leader of the Oppctsition expressed a hope 
of l>eing able to defeat the Hurials Bill if active 
exertions were at once made to petition againjit 
iL **That is the practical counsel I give you, 
and if we succeed in defeating that measure t 
think the tide will have turned, and that we 
shall have arrested the progress of these in- 
vasions which have been successful in too 
many instances, as much from the negligence 
of churchmen as really from the enmity of the 
assailants of the Church.*' 

4. — Mr. Vernon Hareourt's motion for re- 
ducing the national expenditure rejected by 
7S to 35 votes, 

O. — At Eristol As^ijzes the Mayor of Exeter 
recovers ten guineas in name of damages 
against the Tttngs, for pubJishing a kltrr 
insinuating that he had used olhcinl influence 
to obstruct in<]uiry regarding a disoriicrly Per- 
missive Bill meeting, where Bishop Tenip*c 
was rudely treated 

7- — Reganlmg the Const ilntionv Mr Britrf.l 
writes to a corre^^pondent : **As to opinion! cfi 
tht queition of monarchy or republica*iiam, i 
hope aasd believe it will be a long lime before 
we arc asked to give our opinion ; our ancestors 
decided the matter a go*jd while siooej and [ 
would suggest that you and I should leave any 
ftirther decision to our posterity. Now, from 
your letter I conchide you are willing to do 
thiti; and I can assure you lam not k*a willing." 

8. — Mr. Dodson rclires from the Chairman- 
ship of Committees^ and is succeetled by Mr. 
Itmiham Carter. The House afterwards wev.l 
into Committee on the Ballot Bill, a stormy 
discussion arising on clause 2, fixing the 
mannrr in which the poll shoultl be taken. A 
proposition for markin|; the ballot paper with 
a view to detect personation, was rejected by 
168 to 128 voles. 

— Opening of the rierman Parliament, 
Prince Bismarck reading a message (rom the 
Emperor, declaring that the power acquired by 
Germany through becoming united in one 
empire *' 1.1 not only a safe bulwark for tht! 
F'atherlamI, bet likewise affords a strun;^ 
guarantee for the peace of Europe." 

— Madame Ricl found murdered in her 
residence, ij, Park Lane. Iler daughter, a 
member of the French Company j>erfonning nl 
ihe St. James's Theatre, a.m\ed ^toTtv Vww 
enriy (his morning, and ot\ pi e^v\V\\\i^ V^cr?*. V 
at fark l^ine was it^formcvX \>\;iV Vtt t\\o\\.^ 



I 



APRIL 



1872. 



APRIL 



was absent. It was soon discovered that 
certain doors were locked, that the keys were 
missing, and that the cook could not be found. 
This led to an examination of the house, when 
the dead bo<ly of Madame Kiel was found in 
the pantry, opened with duplicate keys in 
jwssession of the young lady. Her death 
appeared to have been caused by strangulation, 
as the tightened rope was still round her neck, 
though there were marks of extreme violence 
on other parts of the body. An examination 
of the sale showed that the murder had been 
accompanied by the robbery of gold, bank- 
notes, French bonds, and railway shares. 
Suspicion at once fixed upon I he cook, 
Marguerite Dixblanc, a Belgian by birth, but 
some time resident in Verdun, and in Paris for 
a short period during the reign of the Commune. 
She was known to have been in the house 
alone with her mistress on the forenoon of 
Sunday the 7th, left it stealthily in the even- 
ing, and was traced as a passenger to Paris by 
the Continental mail train. A further clue to 
her movements there was soon obtainetl by 
a letter written a day before the murder, 
wherein Dixblanc indicated to the Sieur Dubois 
that she expected to be in Paris soon. It had 
been misdirected to Rue Saint Denis instead 
of Rue du Port St Denis, and was in ordinary 
course opened by the post-office authorities, for 
the purpose of being returned to the writer. 
On the detectives presenting themselves at the 
house of Dubois, Dixblanc was found engaged 
in the task of measuring out charcoal, and 
talking at the same time, it was said, of the 
horrors of the Park Lane murder. She sought 
to evade apprehension for a brief period, but 
in the end confessed having committed the crime, 
and even gave an account of the manner in 
which it was accomplished. ** I first tried," 
she said, " to conceal the body in the dustbin, 
but I could not I then took it by the feet, 
but being unable to drag it, I got a cord and 
passed it round her waist Finding the bod;r 
bent double, I put it round her neck. At this 
moment the housemaid, who was out on an 
errand, knocked at the door. I sent her away 
foe beer. Then 1 tried to drag the body up- 
stairs, but could not, and hid it in the cellar." 
Dixblanc described the robbery as an after- 
thought, suggested, she said, by the keys falling 
from • Madame Riel's pocket. Extradition 
treaties having been complied with, she was 
brought over m custocly to London, and after 
various examinations committed for trial. 

8. — The Bishop of Lincoln having written 
ta the Archbishop of Canterbury requesting an 
explanation of the remark made by his Grace 
in Convocation, to the effect that nobody be- 
lieves in the damnatory clauses of the Atha- 
nasian Creed, the Archbishop writes : **I am 
confident that it is only in a modified sense, 
with such modifications as you allude to, that 
these clauses of the Creed are retained by the 
Church, and though I see no inconsistency in 
taoscribing tbc words with foch acknowledged 

fOJJ 



qualifications, I still feel that it is in itself an 
evil to use words which require such explann- 
lion. If these clauses remain they will always 
be used with such qualifications as you have 
alluded to, whether an explanatory rubric dis- 
tinctly stating the qualification be adopted by 
the Church or no." 

8. — The Queen arrives at Windsor from 
the Continent 

9. — Mr. Fowler*s motion condemning the 
entail and strict settlement of land, rejected by 
103 votes to 81. 

10. — Petitions presented to the House of 
Commons, and ordered to lie on the tahlt\ 
praying that means might be provided from 
the public funds for defending the Claimant in 
the event of Government carrying out their in- 
tention of prosecuting him for perjury. To a 
charge upon two indictments— first, that he was 
the eldest son of Sir James Doughty Tich- 
borne ; second, that he was not Arthur Orton 
— the Claimant, at the Central Criminal Court 
to-day, pleaded "I am not guilty." He was 
then removed in custody till Viail could be 
arranged pending the issue of the trial, now re- 
moved by writ of cniiarari to the Court of 
Queen's Bench. 

11. — Came on at the Central Criminal Court, 
the trial of Arthur O'Connor, charge<l with un- 
lawfully pointing a pistol at her Majesty, in- 
tending to alarm and cause a breach of the 
peace. The prisoner pleaded guilty on bein-^ 
first brought up on the 8th, but it was now 
stated his friends were anxious to establish 1 
plea of insanity. This, however, was over- 
ruled, and O'Connor was sentenced to 12 
months' imprisonment and 20 strokes from a 
birch-rod. 

— The steamer Ocganus blown up on the 
Mississippi above Cairo, the wreck afterwards 
taking fire and burning to the water edge. r)iit 
of one hundretl on board, sixty were reported to 
have lost their lives. 

18. — In reply to Earl Stanhope, Earl Gran- 
ville said that Government had determined to 
present a case excluding the indirect claims, 
and accompanied by a declaration to the Geneva 
tribunal, abiding by the position taken up by 
her Majesty's Government in their corre- 
spondence with the United States, and ex- 
pressly reserving the right of Great Britain to 
withdraw from the arbitration shculd the 
present difference with the Unite<l States nr t 
be removed by the 15th of June. A similar 
statement was made by Mr. Gladstone in the 
Commons in reply to ^Ir. Disraeli. 

13. — Died at Manchester, aged 84, Sam'.'cl 
Bamfonl, author of ** Passages in the Life of a 
Radical." 

15. — Proposed new Court of Appeal. Tn 
the House of Lords, the Lord Chanccl'or moves 
a resolution — "That it is expedient that one 
Imperial Supreme Court of Appeal he estab* 
lished whicn shall sit continuously for the 



u 



1872. 



APRIL 



of m!! m?»ffi?T^ tjow h^rd by way of 
before - or Ijcfore the Judicial 

ne« of Council and that the 

« j«ri5aji linn -i this House be Irans- 
aicli Supreme Court of Appeal.'* It 
thAt the new Court should con- 
H^ote €«« Irilninal sitting in two divisions — one 
■rf w e tc rUmg tlic House of Lords, and the other 
tfe Jodkol Committee of the Privy Council, 
tliue Bicmber^ of either di^-ision Wing able to sil 
in ibe ddUts* The llrst division would consist of 
bU pecn wbo had filled the oHice of Lord 
or any high judicial office for a 
icd tune either in Great Britain or Ireland, 
woiUd also include all peers \^'ha had 
ti&eti at the bar, and Privy Coun- 
capable of bein^ appointed upon 
ICommi** ' — Tch division there 
no fewri nor more than 

who W" ^ i 6,000/. a year ; 

who had iiiicd liic office of Lord 
lotr j:in«! who accepted the obligation to 
_• their pensions atjgrncnled 
000/, a year. The I^rd 
oe at the head of both di%i- 
lUprcme Court, and among the 
cond division would Ij« the 
of the Queen's Bench and 
J the Lord Chief Baron of 
icqkcf. The LonI Chancellor con- 
W prftpnsing that the mr»tion be the 
oftlieciay in immediate priority to the 
toJing of the Bill constituting the 
C<»urt «.if Appeal 

IS* — J«mcs Nicholls, shoemaker. Maid a 

MiU, nntritcnk four of his children and then 

cotamitt filicide. In the afternoon a boy who 

lived fti the hnn<* called the attention of one 

of t!v nif 1 a stream of blood running 

t^DBi HI*' r of one of the rooms occu- 

fM by A policeman was called, 

■■I oti [*en the dcjor of the front 

|n|B be "C of the children— Louisa, 

^^B three : Rutina, aged five, and James 

^^Bry, ag^ fourteen months — with their 

^^Blti cut. The back room, which had been 

^^B IS « workshop, wa^ in great confusion, 

^fef ifTr^- ^ A. -^ .►..,-. i^eing out of its place. 

Ul tf «rr ij bo<ly of the eldest 

, aged nine, who had 

her tlinmt cut, and the body of 

Xidiolk bimwU, who appeare<l, after mtjrder- 

ii^ trim diilttrerv to have sat down at his bench 

iid ct»t hit own throat in % desperate mAnner. 

Tht ooracirr'» jury found that Nicholls ^tis of 

mttoaail mtnd, 

'^ proposal 

_; paper by a 

Gumed against the GovemiTient 

A. i^jvemniftit was igiin in a 

^^%^ Sir Massey 

tr ja the subject of 

tai-v " n .■ y-} 1." I T». 

— Tht ICn|sh»h afni American cotmlcr-oiscs 
1 tf> rhr niUutat .t/ Genc^n. 




le.—Lord Kimberley introduces the Govern- 
ment Licensing Bill into the House of Lords, 
In explanation of some of the clauses it was 
stated that licences granted by county magis- 
trates would not l>c valid until confirmed by i 
snecial committee to be appointed yearly by 
toe court of quarter sessions. In boroughs 
where tlicrc were not more than nine mai^is- 
tmtes the jurisdiction would remain with them 
as a body, and where there were more than 
nine a committee would be appointed to grant 
licence?, vvhich, however, would not be valid 
until conRrmtnl by the whole body of justices 
and the Secretary of State. The bill ako dealt 
with the adulteration of liquori and provided 
for closing public-houses in the mrtropolis from 
twelve at night to seven in the TDoming j in 
towns under to,Cxx> inhabitants from ten to 
seven ; and in towns with larger populations 
from eleven to seven. On Sunday licensed 
houses would not be opened until one o'clock ; 
and the hours of closing on that dny would, in 
the three cases mentioned, be eleven, nine, and 
ten o'clock respectively. After a few words 
from the Duke of Richmond and Lord Redes- 
dale, the bill was read a first lime. 

— Died at Oxford, aged 76, the Rev, Dr* 
Norri,s, I'reiitlent of Corpus Christi College, 

— * Celebrated with great pomp at the Oratory, 
Rrompton, the marriage of the Marquis of ll*ne 
to the Hon. nwcndoline Mary Anne ITowat.l, 
eldest daughter of Lord Howard of Glossop. 

— Japanese Ambassadors arrive in Live*' 
pool from New York. 

— Derry Castle, situatctl on the shores of 
Lough Dergh, near Killaloc, destroyed by fire, 

— The remains of Alexandre Dumas 
detiined at Pays since December 1870, in con- 
sequence of the Prussian occupation of the 
Seine Inferieure, were laid to-day, in accordance 
with the novelist's last wishes, in the little 
cemetery of Villers-Cotterets, near which he 
was bom in tSos. 

18. — Edward Mitchell, sculptor, while 
labouring under mental irritation, commits 
STiicide by first stabbing himself with a sharp* 
pointed graving tool, and afterwards throvring 
himself from the upper story of his house. 

— Persian famine increases in intensity, the 
news from Teheran to-day being that bread had 
risen to M, per pound, 

19. — Christie and Manson commence to 
dispose of Ihc famous (Jillott collection of 
paintings. The sale continued till May 4th, 
when the total amount realised was found to 
be iSOtOOO guineas. Twelve drawings by 
Turner brought 16,430 guineas. 

— Died, aged 74 years, Richard West- 
nnacott, R.A., sculptor, 

— The Gattttf contains a notice from the 
Lord Chamber Iain's office, announcing that the 
presentation at Coutl o^ \ad^ li?«v* W\Ww 
canoelled. 

F X 



APRIL 



1872. 



APRIL 



flS. — Mr. Candlish's proposal to repeal in 
U.e interest of the Nonconformists the 25th 
clause of the Elementary Education Act, re- 
jected after a debate by 316 to 115 votes. 

— The Court of Probate pronounce for the 
will of Miss Cordelia Angelica Read, known as 
the "eccentric old lady^ of Stamford Street, 
the owner of ruinous houses in that street, 
and in other parts of London. By her will, 
executed in 1858, she bequeathed the whole 
of her personal estate, amounting to about 
100,000/., to the Brompton Hospital 

— A miner named Lease, living at Charter- 
house, on the slope of the Mendip Hills, beats 
his wife to death m a fit of passion excited by 
jealousy, several of the neighbours witnessing 
the savage attack through the windows, but too 
terror-stricken to interfere. 

fl4. — Another group of Communist prisoners 
tried for being concerned in the murder of the 
hostages in May last. The woman Guyart 
was condemned to death ; the girl Cailleux 
and Lipoid Viel to transportation to a fortress ; 
Victor Charton to penal servitude for life ; 
Feltesse to ten years' penal servitude ; four 
others to various terms of Imprisonment; and 
twenty to imprisonment for two years. 

— Discussion in the Lower House of Con- 
vocation on the Athanasian Creed. The variety 
of opinions expressed was fully indicated by 
petitions previously sent in and thus arranged : 
— For retention of the Creed in an unaltered 
form, 35,271 ; for investigating the text and 
a new translation, 561 ; for the removal of 
tiie use of the Creed, 10; for the omission 
of the Creed from the Prayer-book, 6 ; for 
delay in the removal of the Creed, 25 ; for 
omission of the damnatory clauses, 30 ; for 
making the use of the Creed optional, 83 ; for 
the retention of the three Creeds, 96. After 
a learned and animated debate extending 
over four days, divisions were taken on the 
various proposals. The first was on an amend- 
ment by Mr. Kempe, of St. James's, to confine 
its recitation to the shortened and occasional 
services provided by the Bill now before Parlia- 
ment : this was rejected by 60 to 10. Dean 
Stanley then proposed to make its recitation 
permissive by inserting a rubric af^er the 
Apostles' Creed, allowing it as an alternative 
for that Creed on the appointed days : this was 
rejected by 60 to 12. The Dean's next pro- 
posal, placing its use at the discretion of the 
Ordinary, was rejected by 54 to 13 : after 
which Lord Alwyne Compton's motion, that 
the Creed should continue to be used in its in- 
tegrity, was carried by 62 to 7. A proposal by 
Canon Blakesley, that it should be treated as a 
Hymn or Canticle, met with somewhat more 
favour — being negatived by 42 to 19. Arch- 
deacon Denison then carried a rider by 42 to 
12, that the Creed should be said on no fewer 
days than at present 

— The Spaaish Cortes opened by King 
Amadea^ trho expttsaed s hopt for a prompt 



termination of the insurrection, praised the dis- 
cipline and services of the army and the Ci>iC 
Guard, and concluded by stating that he would 
seek in the deliberations of the Cortes a guioe 
for his conduct and a way to identify his feel- 
inp with those of the Spanish people. ** I 
will never (he said) impose myself on the 
Spanish people ; but neither will I allow my- 
self to be accused of deserting the post which I 
occupy by its will, nor of forgetting the duties 
which the Constitution places upon me, and 
which I shall fulfil with the loyalty and con- 
stancy which I owe to the honour of my name.'* 

fi4. — Mr. Fawcett's proposal for throwing 
the expense of elections upon public funds re- 
jected in the Commons by 263 to 171 votes. 

fi5. — ^The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed 
Under-Secretary for War in room of Lord 
Northbrook, now Viceroy of India. 

— Funeral obsequies over the body of Lord 
Mayo celebrated with great splendour in 
Dublin. The remains of the deceased Viceroy 
were afterwards interred within the ruins ol 
the ancient church at Johnstown. 

— Carlist rising in Spain, a proclamation 
being issued to-day by General Diaz de Rudn, 
who formerly held rank under Isabella II., 
and was lately appointed by the Pretender 
Commander-in-Chief of the Basque Provinces 
and Navarre. 

— Eruption of Mount Vesuvius, attended 
with the loss of several lives. 

fi6. — The little girl, Mary Winchester, res- 
cued by the Looshai expedition, arrives in 
Glasgow from Liverpool on her way to Elgin, 
where a permanent home had been found for her 
among relations. 

— The domestic servants of Dundee form 
themselves into a Protection Association for 
the purpose of securing shorter hours of work, 
higher pay, more holidays, and better feeding. 

— Madame Dubourg dies in the hospital of 
La Pitie, Paris, from wounds inflicted by her 
husband in a fit of jealousy, caused by the 
discovery of an intrigue in which she was 
concerned. 

87. — The Duke of Edinburgh presides at a 
meeting in Willis's Rooms, called to consider 
the propriety of raising a memorial to the late 
Lord Maya Mr. Disraeli was present, and 
spoke highly of the manv merits centred in 
the Viceroy, "whose noble presence, cordial 
manner, the magnificence of his life, his active 
accomplishments, his extraordinary power of 
physical endurance, combined with an intuitive 
knowledge of mankind, inexorable love of jus- 
tice, which was only tempered by the abounding 
generosity of his heart, produced such an effect 
upon those whom he ruled that all at once 
willingly acknowledged that he was bom to 
command." 

— Opening of the Inteniational Exbibitioa 
of 1872 at ScwLlh Keikilii(;!taii. 



1872, 



MA^ 




W^ — FrocUmadcm oi I>on Carlos circulated 
t Mailrid* ihuiking God for pennitting him to 

\im lite tpQ of Spaiii, and caUing upon Ibe 

|«QpJc to rise in aiuu. 

I.— Dicd»*ged 53, Homcc Mayheir, aulKor, 
of ibe eailiest conihbutofs to Punch, 

> The LoTxi Chac^Uor's Uill for the Tomia- 
4iieir Co'j't • f A'-«-i?^ withdravrn after 
and 1 >>' resolution for a 

en thr ioptcd- 

** A b^nd of prc*iatory CarHsts, led chiefly 
hjf pdcsts, ttL&ck I he hou^ of the Governor of 
Iwjm, Ok! Cauile, but are dnven back by 
lomorceincats from the garrison, and many 
Made prisoDen. 

— TIm Government of India resolve to dis- 
■dift Mr« Cowan and reprimand Mr. Forsyth 
lor ilidr flttmmary proceedings with the tthtXs 
oC Kooiia, wb«re tony*nine men were sentenced 
to le Horn away from the gun^;. 

— Clou- seen the Duke 
of Bocdeti iuan Board of 

Wodc& *i.i^ J MiKT, .....j ,,,.. u awarded by an 

•rtattftof 8i335/- as compensation for the con- 

^ ''-- lof ibc Thomci Lmbankment between 

t Hoosc and the river. The Board of 

dttfratcd the grounds on which the 

had made his award, but on the ca>e 

llaken to the Court of Exche<]ucr, the 

decided in favour of the Duke. The 

^•urt of Exchequer Chamber reversed this 

isiofi, and the case was then referred on 

llpeal to the House of Lords, which now 

IvcTfcd the judgment of the Exchequer 

^^ and affujoed that of the Court of 

wjiholding the award of the arbi- 



Ha^ 1. — Mr. Jacob Bright 's \Vomcn*s Dis- 
ahtlkies bill re/ectcd by 222 to 145 votes. 

— !« the Lower House of Convocation, 
ArdldeacaA Detiison, by a majority of 21 to 
ty, cvncs an aoiendmcnt declaring that there 
vv " 00 room for att explanatory note on the 
A ihanaiiin Creed.'* 

^K^ — Festival at the C^tal ralcicc in cclebra- 
^HbQ of the recovery of the Trincc of Wales, 
^Hod performance of Te Deum by Sullivan. 

^H^ — Tcle^gram received describing the Abydat 
^Hb rciunung from ^i^niibar bringing Dews that 
^Hlifilig^oiie was &afe with Stanley. 

— ' rsity opened with a ccne- 
^y and academical dignity. 

t Madras^ destroying a large 
mg property, and also a portion 
\ the i.i;y ^utd {kuborba. 

-The Einpreti of Germany arrives at 
r on a viiit to the C^ucen. 

The Ffcnch Government announce their 
I of bnngiing Marshal Baiaine before a 
[•ffiaitiaL 



fl.— Tlie Licensing Bill read a aeoood timn 
in the Lords. 

3.— Lord Norlhhrook, the new Viceroy of 
India, arrives at Calcutta, and is at once sworn 
into office. 

— Discussion in the Upper House of Con- 
vocation on a motion submitted by the Bishop 
of Gloucester that it was not expedient to 
invite legislation on the fourth report of the 
Ritual Commissioners in reference to the 
Athanasian Creed. The Bishop of Winchester 
moved an amendment, expressing agreement 
with the resolutions tmnsraitled by tlie Lower 
House in favour of the retention of the Creed, 
This was lost by the casting vote of the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, and in a subsequent 
division the origtual resolution was also nega- 
tived. 

— The Liberal Republican Convention at 
Cincinnati select Mr. Horace Greeley as Ihclr 
candidate for the Presidency. 

A. — Enthusiastic reception given by the 
National Assembly to the Due d^Audriffet- 
Pasquier on the occasion of his presenting a 
report on Military Administration. He re- 
commended the army as the best and only 
school in which the young generation could 
have a nobler and better training than that 
which produced such lamentable examples of 
want of patriotism and want of probity. The 
army gave an example of silent, conscientious 
fulmment of duty. "Our children must all 
serve in iL" M. Roiiher took occasion some 
days later to answer this speech, by defending 
the Emperor He called upon the Assembly 
to name a committee to inquire Avhat h.id been 
done wk\\K the enormous sum voted annually 
for the war budget during the Empire, how 
the denuded stale of the arsenal was to be 
accounted for, and what was the real sura 
absorbed by the Mexican Expedition. 

^ A court-martial at Malta diiraiises from 
the ship and reprimands Lieuts^ Wallace and 
Hailstone for carelessness in connection with 
the stranding of tlic Lord Clydt. 

5,— Died, aged 64 years, G. R. Gray, 

^ "" ** ' "j'it, and Assistant Keeper of the 
Department in the British Museum. 

— \\\K Carlist insurgents under Don Carloi 
defeated at Oroquieta. 

6. — At the pressing request of Earl Gran- 
ville, Earl Russcli consents to postpone his 
motion regarding the Geneva arbilmlion till 
the Government were in a position to submit 
papers to the House or make an explanatioD 
on the 13th. 

— On the propfisal for gjoing into committee 
on the Education (Scotland) Bill, Mr. Gordon, 
by a majority of 216 to 209 votes, camea a 
resolution--*" That having regard to the piin- 
ciplcs and history of the past educational legisla- 
I'll ion and practice of Scotland, which pro- 
vided for instruction in the Holy Scriptures in 
the public scViomW aa iliv tft&cro^AaX \»m[V vA ^oaLvaa^- 



J/.-/ }' 



IS72. 



MAV 



tion, this House, while desirous of passing a 
measure during the present session for the 
improvement of education in Scotland, is of 
opinion that the law and practice of Scotland 
in this respect should be continued by provi^ious 
in the bill now before the House." 

6.— Niblo's Theatre, New York, destroyed 
by fire. 

7.— Sir Colman O'Loghlen submits a resolu- 
tion in the Commons :~**That this House has 
heard with great regret that a gentleman has 
been appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Clare who 
has never resided in that county, who is a 
stranger to its magistrates, and who does not 
possess that local knowledge of the county and 
Its residents essential to the proper discharge of 
the importint duties of a lieutenant of a county, 
and that this House is of opinion that such an 
appointment is of evil example, and ought not 
lo have been made." Rejected after debate by 
257 to 41 votes. 

8. — Literary Fund dinner presided over by 
the King of the Belgians, presently on a visit 
to England, and whose health was proposed in 
courtly terms by Mr. Disraeli. 

9. — Rainham Church, Kent, set on fira by 
lightning. 

— Died, aged 73 years, General Sir John 
Lysaght Pennefather, G.C.B., of Indian and 
Crimean fame. Governor of Chelsea Hospital. 

18. — The surrender of Sedan being severely 
criticised in the National Assembly, the 
Kmperor writes from Chislehurst : — "The 
honour of the army havmg been saved by the 
bravery which had been displayed, I then 
exercised my sovereign right, and gave orders 
to unfurl a flag of truce. I claim the entire 
responsibility of that act. The immolation of 
60,000 men could not have saved France, and 
the sublime devotion of her chiefs and soldiers 
would have been uselessly sacrificed. We 
ol>tyed a cruel but inexorable necessity. My 
heart was broken, but my conscience was 
tranquil." 

13. — Explanations made in both Houses 
rcj^arding recent negotiations with Washington, 
and forbearance solicited for a few days till 
Government had obtained an answer to the 
last draught note suggesting a supplementary 
treaty now being considered by the Senate in 
Secret Executive Session. 

— Earl Granville replies to Mr. Fish's 
argument on the indirect claims, declaring that 
tliey formed no part of the negotiations between 
the two countries, and were never even alluded 
lo by the British Government. There was not 
a word in any letter preceding the treaty to 
suggest any indirect or constructive claims, and 
the only intimation the British Government had 
had of those claims was from the speech of 
Mr. Sumner ; but they never learned that his 
views had Veen adopted by the American 
Government. F^rl Granville then urcect that 

iA^ iadirect eUiWM were never admitted by the 
/os6 



British Commissioners, and all that were ad- 
mitted were strictly defined and limited. The 
indirect claims were only mentioned once to 
the Commissioners, whereas the Fenian raids 
were repeatedly urged ; and the withdrawal of 
the claims for them was only on condition ihit 
all constructive damages were abandoned by 
the American Government. 

13. — Died at Vienna, aged 51, Moriti 
Hartmann, poet and journalist, but more cele- 
brated as one of Blum's revolutionary com- 
patriots. 

14.. — Marshal Bazaine constitutes himself a 
prisoner at Versailles. 

17. — The Cimard steamer 7W^/ wrecked 
near the Tuskar rocks. 

fiO. — The Foreign Committee of the United 
States Senate report in favour of the Supple- 
mentary Treaty providing for the withdrawsd of 
the indirect claims. 

81. — The new Southern Hospital at Liver- 
pool opened by Prince Arthur. 

— Boat accident on the Thames, near 
Twickenham, and loss of four lives. 

fifi — Collision in the Channel off Hastings, 
between the North German Lloyd's steamer 
Baltimore and the Spanish steamer Lorenzo 
Semprun. Both vessels were seriously da- 
maged, and the former run ashore. 

fi3.— Died at Athens, aged. 68, Lord 
Dalling and Bulwer, diplomatist. 

— Explosion in Roslin powder mills, near 
Edinburgh, causing the loss of several lives 
and the destruction of much property. 

fl6. — Died, at the family residence, Belgravc 
Square, William Russell, eighth Duke of 
Bedford, aged 63 years. 

— Died suddenly, aged 65 years, Alfred 
Henry Forrester, known in art and lileraiure 
under the nom deplume of " Alfred Crowquill. " 

fl7. — Mr, Justice Keogh gives a decision on 
the Galway election, unseating Captain Nolan, 
and reporting the Archbishop of Tuam, the 
Bishops of Galway and Clonfert, and a uumbe^ 
of priests, as guilty of intimidation. After care- 
fully examining the whole evidence, the judge 
was convinced that it presented the most asto- 
nishing attempts at ecclesiastical tyranny which 
the whole history of priestly intolerance afforded. 
Both Catholics and Protestants had l^cen intimi- 
dated from voting. Shots had been fired into 
some houses. Lord Dunsandle's tenants, who 
had promised to vote for Trench, had been 
prevented, and Lord Gough's tenants likewise. 
Lord Delvin had been obliged to absent himself 
from chapel, in order that he might not hear 
himself defamed from the altar. The gentry 
were hunted through the fields by the fellows 
who followed that obscene monster Pat Barrett. 
Sir Arthur Guinness had been hounded, fight- 
ing his way at the head of twenty-seven men 
to vote at the booths* and several of his men 
were also injured. Three years ago, said 




to-iJiv 



Kco^ when ^vtng jadgmcnt in Ihe 

biUtJO^ti ekchoa petition, he bail ex* 

ft lk>pe Ihat, as ParJhuncnl was Llien 

to drikc down one ascendency, the 

Cadiolics of IrcUnd wouM prevctti a 

gillitif* one from Ijcing iet u|>. 'I'he 

pC liai :c% but it hnJ been 

LLC and intelligence 

^ fc^cntry of this great 

hjI .say thai he felt other- 

L^ countrymen for having 

lLc courage and independence 

judgment, which excited the 

throughout Ireland, occupied 

delivery* 

'^ t' ' r j^ of tLc Commons 

rcceii, Mr. Glnd- 

_ ^ _ _ iiite<J Slater Senate 

mod iitcnt ions in the Supplemeti- 

Earl GmnvilJe Infomied the 

mister next rlay that tJieiie ** modi- 

uld not be accq>ied by the British 

It, 

-I'hc Burmese ambassadors make a 
iUAie %isAl to WimUor. 

— IVoC Montague Hcmard, one of the 

"• ' '^ ' '' 'ling the'! rcaty of Wash* 

ue on that subject to a 

rd University Mui^cum, 

L — ^The k»n|;-conlinu<id and animated 
h Array Bdi doiic-s amid 
out of personal alttTca* 
<Jhangamicr and Colonel 
Doef^f I, juiii an atliick by M. du Terny>le on 
M, C*#nb*?»tft, The principal speech of the 
At]r V J by Alonsignor Dupanh>up, 

BiMlc^ iis. He deiscribcd rru&^ia as 

Bfi. -u- . ti.,- world, but not the lirit 

I ; «! led guarantees for the 

r «r o 111 the army and proper 

ii>Q» and UlviUucs for cnal>ling jobbers 
tui divine senicc. '* Since you hnvc 
Pif ^ary," he &aid, '*to call u|>on 

cc to undertake active t^er^ice, 
.t that the freedom of con- 
rcfinctcd in the army, 
ii tiol be prevented frum 

■lUIi**" 

rrr|tti^ittnnt Signed by about thirty 

'1 far the completion of 

1 prcseuleil U} the Dean, 

V-..1 ♦J general mcctiuij of the 

Willi a \ic\\ to cx|*rc^tng an 

iribii^ the appoinlment of Mr. 

-d, ibc JJcan now wntcs to 

— "The rej^ponsibiiliiy at this 

^\ith the txecuiive 

nk that it is right 

. .. .^ and transfer it to 

I of Mibicnbers, neces.sarily collected 

' my. I am fully aware that we 

ur trial— Mr. Burgcs, those of 

dence in him, and those also 

1i»>r i.3!>«r«i an oftposition against him. 

i Mi* UuTget r&n do nothing tn St. Patil'^ 




1872. JUNE' 

till his designs — ^after a criticism which is not 
likely to be lenient— shall have been finally 
approved. It will be time enough to protest 
ngaiuit him when we and the public are able 
to judge of what he proposes to do. Kegrct- 
ling extremely to find myself differing from 
your iordihip and the subscriber* who have 
signed the requisition, I ara unable to comply 
with iL" 

SO.— Third reading of the Ballot Bill ULnicd 
by 274 to 216 votes. 

— Died at Mossul, C, A. Itassam, Biitisii 

Vice* Consul 

— Explosion ill the powder magazine of 
the Ponnywain Lime Rocks, near Oswestry, 
cauiiug the death of six men. 

a I.— Wreck of the Halcy&n on the Tuskar 
rocks, 

— Private Donobue stabbed in the Citadel 
Barracks, Devon, by another soldier, named 
Bradford, who was threatened with being re- 
ported for disorderly conduct. 

Jtioe 1. — The Prince and Princess of Wales 
arrive at Marlborough lluusc bom I heir con- 
tinental tour. 

— Died at Trieste, where he discharged 
the duties of British Consul, Charles Lever, 
novelist and critic, aged 63 years. 

ik. — Died, aged 72, James Gonloa Bennett, 
editor and proprietor of the A'civ Yi^rk Iltnild* 

3.^ — Died, aged 76, Julann Rudolf Thor* 
becke, Prime Minister of Holland. 

A. — Debate commenced in the Hcnise of 
Lords on the oft-deferred motion q{ Earl Rub- 
sell ftjr an address to ihc Crown pr^yiog tliat all 
proceedings on behalf of this country before 
the arbitrators appointed to meet at Geneva, 
pur5,uant to the Treaty of Washington, be 
suspended until the claims included in the ca-je 
submiucd on behalf of the United Stales, and 
understood on the part of her Majesty not lo 
be within the province of the arbitrators, have 
been withdrawn. The discussion, conducted 
mainly in a spirit designed to caut»(>ii the 
Government against dangers before them, was 
brought to a premature clofsc on the evening of 
the 6ih, when Earl Granville produced a letler 
fnitm the American Minister, General Schenck* 
alhrming the sufficiency of the Supplemental 
Article lor closing indirect cbims» 

— Mr Gordon's amendment to the Scotch 
i.tlucation Bill, substantially retaining the ex- 
isting system of parochial »choolS| rejc<^ied id 
Co mm it tec by 222 to 167 votes. 

— Flooding of the Po near Fcrrara ; ni 
many as 40,000 people said to be rendered 
houseless. 

A* — Dublin Ejdiibition opened by the Duke 
of Edinburgh. 

W\1 



ycxE 



1872. 



ycNE 



8.— Tne Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council give judgment in the case of Sheppard v. 
Uemielt, vicar of Frome Selwood, charged with 
maintaining the following heresies — ** I. The 
actual presence of oar Lord in the Sacrament 
of the Lord's Supper. 2. The visible presence 
of our Lord upon the altar or table at the Holy 
Communion. 3. That there is a sacrifice at 
the time of the celebration of the Eucharist. 
4- That adoration or worship is due to the 
consecrated elements in the Lord's Supper." 
'1 he alleged heresies were contained in publi- 
cations by Mr. Bennett, in an essay on " Some 
Results of the Tractarian Movement of 1833," 
and in "Letters to Dr. Pusey," of which there 
had been three editions, and in which altera- 
tions had been made. The Dean of Arches 
gave a judgment in July 1870, and, admitting 
a retractation in a corrected edition of the 
I'amphlct as to the visible presence in the 
Sacrament and the adoration of the consecrated 
elements, he arrived at the conclusion that to 
describe the mode of presence as objective, real, 
actual, and spiritual, was not contrary to the 
law of the Church of England. From that 
judgment the promoter ap]^aled to their lord- 
ships, and the case was argued before a com- 
mittee of ten members. Their lordships had 
had six conferences in private to consider the 
question. Their lordships now dismissed the 
appeal, but made no order as to costs, seeing 
the respondent had not appeared. 

9. — Died at Iloddesden, aged 77, the Rev. 
VVm. Ellis, widely known from his missionary 
bbours in the South Sea Islands and Mada- 
gascar. 

10. — Tlie United States Congress adjourn 
without coming to any decision r&ipecting the 
Supplementary Article. 

— The Anglo-American four-oared race 
between the London and Atlantic contested on 
the Thames from Mortlake with ebb tide, and 
won easily by the former. 

— The Ballot Bill read a second time in the 
House of Lords by 86 to 56 votes. 

11. — The Daily News publishes a despatch 
from Earl Granville to Mr. Fish, proposing 
tliat on the meeting of arbitrators on the 15th 
a joint application should be made for an 
adjournment of eight months. The despatch 
was accompanied by a declaration that it was 
the intention of her Majesty's Government to 
cancel the appointment of the British arbitrator 
and withdraw from the arbitration at the close 
of the term fixed for the adjournment, "unless 
tlie difference which has arisen between the two 
(governments as to the claims for indirect losses 
referred to in the note which he had the honour 
to address to Count Sclopis on the 15th of 
April shall have been removed." Mr. Fish 
retiised to unite in this arrangement, believing 
that the time could only be extended by a new 
treaty; "but if the arbitrators consented to 
adjourn on the request of Great Britain, the 
Uiu'ted States CovcmmcnX wouJd not object'* 



Explanations were made in both Houses of 
Parliament in the evening. Earl Granville 
admitted that an adjournment had been pro- 
posed, but Mr. Gladstone omitting to do so 
drew down strong condemnation from Mr. 
Disraeli, who complained of the Premier's 
want of frankness. 

11. — The Dublin Court of Common Pleas 
decide that Captain Trench was entitled to the 
seat which Captain Nolan had been deprived 
of at Galway. The sitting judges were Chief 
Justice Monahan, and Justices Keogh, Morris, 
and Lawson. The three latter concurred in 
the judgment by which Captain Trench obtained 
the seat, and the Chief Justice, in stating the 
grounds of his dissent, took occasion to say he 
had no doubt as to the truth of the allegations 
of undue influence and intimidation by Captain 
Nolan and his agents. When a motion was 
made by Mr. Gladstone to substitute the name 
of Captain Trench for Nolan, in conformity 
with Justice Keogh's report to the Speaker, an 
attempt was made to raise a dbcussion on the 
point ; but it was found that by the Act ot 
1867 the House had parted with all jurisdiction 
in election matters, and had no choice but to 
direct the amendment of the return. 

Ifi. — The bicentenary of the birth of Petei 
the Great celebrated with great enthusiasm 
throughout Russia. At St. Petersburg the 
Emperor, with his brother the Grand Duke 
Nicnolas, took part in the proceedings, while 
at Moscow the Imperial family were repre- 
sented by the Grand Duke Constantine. 

— Resignation of the Serrano Ministry in 
Spain, and election of Zorrilla. Carlist dis- 
turbances still continue to agitate the country. 

— Opening of the first railway constructed 
in Japan, between Yokohama and Shinagawx 

13. — Dietl, aged 80, John Forrester, a well- 
known member of the Mansion House police 
fotce. 

14.. — After a trial extending over three days 
Marguerite Dixblanc is found guilty of the 
murder of Madame Riel, Park Lane, and 
sentenced to death by Baron Channell, who 
presided at the Old Bailey. Under a belief 
that there had been a quarrel between the mis- 
tress and her servant, the jury recommended 
the prisoner to the mercy of the Court. The 
Crown afterwards gave effect to the recommen- 
dation by commuting the extreme penally to 
imprisonment for life. 

15.— The Irish Nation, lashed into fury by 
the deliverance of Judge Keogh on the Galway 
case, declares "The man who sold them as 
Judas sold his God ; the man who gave them 
the kiss, with the thirty pieces in his pocket ; 
the roan whose treason blasted the hopes of a 
confiding people, and sent thousands into exile, 
pauperism, or the grave, is the same who dares 
to come forward now in the role of moral cen- 
sor and political headsman ! . . . Our rulers 
will dijicover ere long that a hundred * Fenian 

i 



1872. 



JUNE 



ptTHton ' could not do as much in ten ^^eir^ 
i' Ke«>gh lilt'; done in one day to fill this 
> of the law aad rule thai his 

in him ; and with resentment 
- , tJie i^omtriy, the outrage 
on tlic jubticc-seat, lo revdc 
^M^W^M^^tfny our lib^nie^t ^ political 
ftuttuu fttetolaJs coimiry and forsworn to his 

if^trators under the Treaty of 
bold a private conference at 

— CHrtftfj \*> f he death of Mr. Blenkiron, a 
cate ^ "' > place at Middle Park, 

•litj «Do guineas, or an average 

^ - ' ^. A cult by General 

Id for 1,750 guineas; a 
jy i outuf Loimbrnj 1,550/-; 

^ft \y\ l>i*iu Athol out of Margery Daw, 
umc^'v Mf . T^^tte^«4lll announced ihat 
eived ati offer 
r the whole of 
SL... ■.^. — . . i, ,.-,, ,,,c ground that 
otight it right this country sliould have 
^|)oriamty of participating in its odvau- 

The r,!d Cockhedge Factory at War* 
\ by a fire which broke out in 
, u^lmenL 

IS,— Uw^d, aged 82, Colonel W. H. Sykc*. 
IJCS, M.P. for Aberdeen since 1S57, and 
*^, iKtivc Indian duty as far back as 
be served with Lord l^ke before 
Colonel Sykes was twice elected 
i Dtrrctor of tlie East India Company. 

at Glasgow, aged 60 ycars^ Rev. 

ict^cotl^ LMJ., a popular Scotch 

^~ori> if her Majesty s chaplain*; in 

ffi- litorof Qood ii-Wtis, to whi:h 

het* i my graphic talcs and sketches 

_iy.— The Billot Bill posses through cotn- 

"^" tn the Lords i^iih two amendments 

i by th** 1)mV^ of Richmond, designed lo 

Ew^c iking on the counterfoil 

iig regibtcri and to make 

«> 'I ■- 

I9,^— Count Sclopt^i, President of the Geneva 

laoTs ' ^ ' t careful 

at of > UnJicd 

f" ,,i-^L clainvs, 

I i collectively, 

1^3 do not coa< 

upuii ilic prjiiciplci ot inteniAlional 

Bi|d.trjible to such cases t^ood foundation 

1 of coRip lun 

I Ijctwcen n .in 

_>lcs be wii .._, ■- ., ihc 

billion of the Tnbunal m making up its 

^CV« a if *hrt^ were no dii>agrccinent as 

B] I the Tnbunal to decide 

III > the Keitlcniem of the 

:jl Lut»»idcrntion of which by 

lubuiiAl no t:xccptkiu ha& been taken on 



the part of her Britannic Majesty's Gorem- 
ment." On the 25lh, Mn Bancroft Davis 
stated that " the oeclaratiun by the Tribunal 
was accepted by the President of the United 
States as determinative of the jud|)^ment on the 
important question of public law involved ; and 
that he, as agent of the United States, was 
authorized to say tliat consequently the above* 
mentioned claims will not be further insisted 
upon before the Tribunal by the United States, 
and may be excluded from all consideration 
in any award that may be made." On the 
2Stli the Tribunal adjourned until the 15th 
of July. 

19.— A bill for the expulsion of the Jcstuls 
passing the German Reichstag by 131 votes to 
93 ; and another anti-clerical pro[^osal making 
civil marriage and registration thereof compul- 
sory, was approved of by 151 votes to 100, 

— Strike in the London building trade for 
increased pay and shorter hours. 

110. — The Synod of the French Reformed 
Church a^Jopt M. Guizot's proposal in favour 
of the establishment of a definite creed to avoid 
the scandal of high Calvinists and Rationalists 
sitting together. 

ill. — The Burmese Embassy received by the 
Queen at Windsor, 

— Compromise in the Thwaites will case ; 
the jury, under ia^truclion& from Lord Pen- 
zance, finding against the *anily of the deceased, 
but discharged on the pica refernng to undue 
iiilluence. (Sec page 039.) 

SISL ^ In the Treasury case of Edmunds v. 
Gladstone and otbeti. Justice McUor finds 
that the e\ndencc had failed to prove the pub- 
lication of the minute complained of, and A 
nonsuit was entered accordingly. 

83.— Father Conway, one of the Gal way 
priests censured by Judge Keogh, having died 
suddenly, Mr. Sullivan of the xVatn^n declared 
at a meeting of Roman Catholics ih-it he had 
never raised his head since the day he was 
made the butt of public ridicule, ** Me went 
but once since to the attar where his consecrated 
hands so often offered the august sacrifice to 
the Most High. He was consigned to a bed 
of fever, in his delirium repeating the sentences 
of contumely that had broken his noble heart, 
and sent him to-day a murdered priest into his 
grave. (Sensation.) Father Conway has gone 
to appeal from Judge Keogh 's judgment to ihe 
judgment of One who would not deny him 
justice, and before whose high throne ami 
judgment seal on the eternal day Judge Keogh 
would find his sentence reversed.' (Sensation.) 

Jl^.— Bethnal Green Museum opet*^ by the 
Prince and Princess of Wales. 

25. — Addressing the Constitutional Associ- 
ation at the Crystal Palace, Mr. DisraeU said 1 
" i have always been of opinion that the Tor} 
parly has three great objects. The first ir to 
maiutain the iiuVvVuliQiVk <it VW OiXi\Av| — ^^^ 



JUNE 



1S72 



JULY 



from any sentiment of political superstition, 
but because we believe that the principles upon 
which a community like England can alone 
safely rest — the principles of liberty, of order, 
of law, and of religion — ought not to be en- 
trusted to individual opinion or to the caprice 
and passion of multitudes, but should be embo- 
died in a form of permanence and power. We 
associate with the monarchy the ideas which it 
represents — the majesty of the law, the adminis- 
tration of justice, the fountain of mercy and 
of honour. We know that the estates of the 
realm, by the privileges they enjoy, arc the best 
security for public liberty and good government 
We believe that a national profession of faith 
can only be attained by mamtaining an Esta- 
blished Church, and that no society is safe un- 
less there is a public recognition of the Provi- 
dential government of tlie world, and of the 
fuiure responsibility of man." The Reform 
Act of 1807-S was founded, he said, in a con- 
fidence that the great boJy of the people of 
this country were conservative. "1 use the 
word in its purest and loftiest sense. I mean 
that the people of England, and especially the 
working classes of England, are proud of 
belonging to a great country, and wish to 
maintain its greatness — that they are proud of 
belonging to an Imperial country, and are re- 
solved to maintain, if they can, the empire of 
England — that they believe, on the whole, that 
the greatness and the empire of England are 
to be attributed to the ancient institutions of the 
land." Mr. Disraeli exhorted his hearers to do 
t heir best to secure the triumph of their pri nciples. 
The time was at hand — ^at least it could not be 
long distant — when England would have to 
decide between national and cosmo[K>litan 

f)rinciples. This observation was received with 
oud and long-continued cheering, as was also 
the prophecy with which the speaker concluded, 
on tne assumption that the Conservative party 
would put forth its united strength :— ** You will 
maintain your country in its present position. 
But you will do more than that — you will deliver 
to your posterity a land of liberty, of prosperity, 
of power, and of glory." 

fi5.— Mr. Cowper-Temple's Occasional Ser- 
mons Bill rejected by 177 to 116 votes. 

— Mr. M 'Arthur's motion, "That a humble 
address be presented to her Majesty, praying 
that she will be graciously pleased to take into 
consideration the propriety of establishing a 
Protectorate at Fiji, or of annexing those islands, 
provided that this may be effected with the 
consent of the inhabitants," rejected by 135 to 
84 votes. 

— The Burials Bill defeated on the motion 
to go into committee, by 100 to 78 votes. 

fi6. — Unveiling of a stained-glass window in 
Berkhampstead church as a memorial to the 
poet Cowper, son of the rector of the parish, 
and bom there November 15, 1 73 1. 

— The Ballot Bill read a third time in the 
Jloiue of Loids and passed, 

1060 



27.— Miss Fox, adopted daughter of Lady 
Holland, married to Prince Liechtenstein at 
the Pro-Cathedral, Kensington. 

— • Announcement made in both Houses of 
Parliament that America had accepted the de- 
claration of the Geneva arbitrators excluding 
the indirect claims. 

28. — The Ix)rds' amendments to the Ballot 
Bill considered in the Commons. ITie optional 
ballot rejected by 302 to 234 ; the scrutiny ac- 
cepted by 382 to 137 ; the extension of the 
hours of polling rejected by 227 to 190. 

30. — William Edward Taylor, dealer in old 
iron, Bermondsey, murders a woman with 
whom he lived, named Ilebden, their daughter 
Frances, aged five years, fractures the skull of 
his son James, and then attempts to commit 
suicide. A few hours after being conveyed to 
the hospital the maniac jumped out of bed, 
evaded the constable and the nurse who were 
in charge of him, rushed into another ward, 
seized the tongs and menaced the nurse, who 
escaped by springing from the second-floor 
window to the ground, fortunately without 
being injured. Taylor then dashed about the 
ward and the corridors, and wrote in blood on 
the wall, " Poison me. Kill me. Let mc die. 
Put me out of my misery." He ultimately ran 
to a window on the first floor and jumj^d out 
of it into the grounds beneath. The window, 
however, was only six feet from the ground, 
and he was not injured by his leap. 

July 1. — The Commons reject the Lords' 
amendment to the Ballot Bill limiting the 
duration of the Act to eight years, by 246 to 
165 votes. After a conference with the Upper 
House the Commons accepted this clause, and 
the Lords withdrew the power of optional 
secresy proposed to be given to the voter. 

— Disorderly scene in the French National 
Assembly between M. Thiers and M. Kouhcr 
regarding the tax on raw materials. 

fi. — Mr. Miall's motion for a Royal Com- 
mission to inquire into the origin, nature, 
amount, and application of the property and 
revenues of the Church of England rejected by 
295 to 94 votes, Mr. T. Hughes's amendment 
directing the inquiry to ecclesiastical purjioses 
generally was also rejected by 270 to 41 votes. 

— Inauguration of the memorial edifice at 
Newcastle, erected to the memory of Nicholas 
Wood, engineer, and coadjutor of George 
Stephenson in the early days of railway enter- 
prise. 

3. — The International Prison Congress 
assemble in the Middle Temple Hall, under 
the presidency of Lord Carnarvon. 

— Died, aged 59, Jonathan Bagster, bible 
publisher. 

A, — Commencement of a series of riots near 
Antwerp, between the military and the 
populace. 




AcfobtU Bill, fnLmed to protect 
r»le from mgogmg m entertain men ts 
^11 lives Of ttijurious to health, 
luc ia the House of Loi^cb, 

— •" ImicfiGndcace Day " celebrated by the 
mMH*r%Utr^ mt Gcncvji, Mr. Adams responding 

ii'^uct to the toast ** The Dxy we 

AJttrr a debute pnjtracted over six days 
(le Vrntcr Uou^e of Convocation resolve* to 
the (subject of ihe Athaiiasian Creed to a 
cnttiittee ol both Houses. 

-" ""cental firing into the Glatton in 
, %frjUi resuUi favourable to 
,'» of her stixagth. The gun 
. the iJistipur's 2 5 -ton, 

— Tbe Qttcen reviews the troopft at Alder- 
thol. 

#«-^Tbe church 6t St. Mary Mai^dalen, 
Paildki^on, dciifoycd by fire. 

— %U. and Mrs> Alfred Wigan take leave 
«r Uie tta^e at Drury Lane, 

— Judge Kcogh having becti appointed to 
ake the Irish ngrih^wci^t circuit, tlie Dublin 

i*"»w wn(r= : — *'' And so, guarded by special 
; over by spies, and pro- 
wilh gall on his ii:»ngnc 
^. .*.< ..* i..- w^^xfi, be returns lo the liind 
Xiiiih, Deeply as we may rtgrel tlm 
^ it leaves us sonic little grounds tot con- 
uti, tike the sliining jci,^cl i.n the forehead 
ttoaii of adven^ity. The spectacle afforded 
"Xeogh and ML, political surrouudings 
; without \i& u:ses in Ireland, and the 
^1 his presence in Ireland will iiicul- 
i wholly devoid of advantages, Otheis 
!bi^<rance lecturers have lound the 
r of having a ^dreadful example* to point 
aiid Mr. Juatice Keogh will serve as a 
li»mg mciuenio lo tell the aspirants to public 
'at our in Ireland the way ibty should nut 
o." 

•» — Coftialesccnt Home at liighgatc opened 
r the Prince aiul Princess of Wales. 

— A yoic of 4^133/. for the legal expenses 
' Governor tyre's dclcncc against criininal 

|nii*ccut4otis» car tied by Z43 to 130 votes. 

... ( ,,.f. ,| Criminal Court, Henry 

ly to obtarning I,000^. 

rin.ii. I .i\yor on the fahc pretence 

t^*iug the destitute inhabitants of Chateau- 

I the close of ibc war, and was sentenced 

ISreWe months* imprisonment with such hard 

he was able to perfurm. 

-Explosin I 1 Flour Mills, 

causir :3 of an exten- 

r of bi ..v.^Lhs of fourteen 

Liid *' )' to twelve others 

In tl at the time. The 

I ted to an escape of 

tical evidence sub- 

la C"'!t o\ ni^uiry held tmmedial.'ly 

dt, made it muu JikeJ> lo h3L\'c been 



1872. 7Vt^ 

ciiiscd by an accumulation of explosive dust 
generated in tlie process of gnnding. 

©.—The Democratic Convention at Bald- 
tnore nominate Mr. Horace Greeley as tlieii 
catididate lor the Presidency, and Mr, Gret/ 
llrown for the Vice- Presidency. 

— jBsticc Keof>h and Justice Laui*soo set 
out from Dublin for the puq>ose of opening the 
assizes at Longford* The train by which they 
travelled was preceded by a pilot engine and 
two carriages containing a number of soldiers. 
At intermediate station.s pijlicenien were under 
arms, but there was no dcmunslraiion whatever, 
A large force of cavahy, infantry, and con- 
stabulary awaited the arrival of the train at 
Longford, where the judges were received by 
the high sheriff. Their lordships proceeded lo 
their lodgings under a strong escort. 

10,— The greater part of the masons on 
Jitnke in London resume work. 

— Mrs. Squires and her daughter Chrisliana, 
newsvcndors n% Hoxton, beaten to death in 
their shop nnd the premises robbed by some 
person unknown. 

11. — Heavy floods and thunderstorm over 
the kingdom. 

— Tltc Royal Botanic Society of Li»nduu 
give a tcte in their gardens at the Regent's 
Park, 

— The Prince of Wales lays the found a 
lion-slofie of the new Hospital for Sick Children 
in Great Urmond Street. 

— A cabinet of Siaffordshirc ware presented 
to Mr liright by workers in the Potteries 
dl&tricl. In acknowledging the gift he took 
occa-sion to refer to the subject of Parliamentary 
Refoim, mentioning that within the last few 
days they had seen how much progress had 
been made. "The House of Lords— which 
seems to be almost the la-jl refuge of poliii,al 
ignorance and passion— the House of Lord* 
has consented to the establishment of vote by 
ballot, by which Yiericct security and inde 
pendence will be given to every elector They 
have, unfortunately, insisted on a rcscrvatiun 
which sliows how little they know of the sign* 
of the times, which mu^t infallibly create 
cmbarrav»mcnt, and content, and party strife. 
This might base been avoided, for they, of all 
persons, have the greatest interest in dispc: sing 
with it/* 

lA. — The. Free Church Presbytery of Dundee 
engage in the consideration of a charge brought 
agair\st the Kev. Mr. Knight, a member of 
their body, of having preached in the cha^jel of 
the Rev. James Mariincau, Londtm, Alter a 
long discussion, a motion was adopted, setting 
forth that Mr. Knight's conduct was highly 
censurable, but that in view of the offence being 
the (irst of the kind with which the Church hag 
had to dcal« Mr. Knight should simply \i^. 
admonisihed, required to repudiate the Unitariar 
LuKiy aA t'otm^n^ y*mV ^iC vVkt. CW^'iVv vit C^cuiL 



JULY 



1S72. 



JULY 



and enjoined not to repeat the same act under 
the pain of exposing himself to the highest 
censure of the ChurcL 

16. — Meeting of the English Roman Catho- 
clic, in Willis's Rooms, to protest against the 
i\ pprcssion of religious houses in Italy and 
iJ.e expulsion of the Jesuits from Germany. 

17.— Debate on Sir R. Blennerhassett*s bill 
f«>r the purchase of Irish railways by the State, 
Lord Hartington promising on the part of the 
Government that careful consideration would 
be given to the question. 

18.— The Ballot Bill receives the Royal 
asicnt 

— Freedom of the City of London presented 
to the Baroness Burdett Coutts, the first lady 
honoured with such a distinction. 

— The Marland Spinning Mill, near Roch- 
lale, occupied by the Castleton Co-operative 

Spinning Company, destroyed by fire. 

— Attempt made to assassinate the King 
and Queen of Spain in the Calle Arenal, 
Madrid. One of the party of five who fired 
>\ as killed on the spot by attendants, and two 
others captured. 

— National festival in Norway in celebra- 
tion of the thousandth anniversary of the estab- 
lishment of the kingdom. At Christiana Prince 
Oscar, attended by the Prime Minister, Stang, 
unveiled the national monument in the presence 
of deputations from the Storthing, the Univer- 
sity, and the Supreme Court. 

1©.— Mr. Arthur Helps gazetted K.C.B. 

— Came on at the Dorset Assizes, before 
Mr. Justice Mellor, a right of common case, 
ill which the nominal litigants were Davis v. 
Thorne, but the real parties in the dispute 
the Earl of Shaftesbury, Lord Normanton, 
Lady Bingham, and other freeholders, on tlie 
one hand, and Mr. Fryer, lord of the manor 
of Verwood, in Dorset, on the other. The 
j)laintiff Davis was a tenant of Lord Normanton, 
and before certain enclosures were made — now 
the subject of litigation— he could drive his 
cattle at once from his homestead on to the 
conmion. But by these enclosures— made by 
t^e defendant — he had been shut out, and 
compelled to go on to the turnpike road in 
order to get to a portion of his farm, thus 
l>utting him to a very great inconvenience. A 
^reat number of witnesses came forward, it 
being argued from the evidence that by the 
making of the enclosures the lord of the manor 
had enriched himself, while the rights of the 
fjceholders had been destroyed. Verdict for 
the plaintiff, with nominal damages of 40;. 

fiO. — The Edinburgh Court of Session give 
judgment in the Belhaven peerage case, finding 
thxit Mr. James Hamilton, North Leiih, had 
C:itabHshed his claim, and remitted to the 
Sheriff of Chancery to serve him heir to the 
sarMtUBm 

1062 



fil. — In view of tlie difficulty of procuring 
praiseworthy competitive dramas for the "T. P. 
Cooke National Prize," the Master of the Rolls 
transfers the 3,000/. bequest from thfit purpose 
to the general fund of the Royal Dramatic 
CoUege. 

fifi. — Lord Granard states in the House of 
Lords that, having read the papers relating to 
Mr. Justice Keogh's judgment on the Galway 
Election Petition, he was unable either to 
modify or retract any expressions contained in 
his published letter on the subject. Under 
these circumstances he had placed his resig- 
nation of the lord-lieutenancy of Leitrim in ilie 
hands of the Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland, and 
his resignation had been accepted. In the 
Commons Mr. Gladstone announces that 
Government intended to prosecute the Bishop 
of Clonfert and nineteen priests for ill^al prac- 
tices at the Galway election. 

— A proposal to grant a pension of 1,000/. 
(in addition to an equal sum paid out of the 
Indian revenue) to Lady Mayo agreed to by 
both Houses. 

— Replying to a memorial signed by 7,000 
lay members of the Church of England on the 
subject of the Athanasian Creed, the Archbishops 
of Canterbury and York write to Lord Shaftes- 
bury : — ** While we think it right to pay due 
attention to the legitimate scruples of those 
who, through their zeal to maintain the truth 
as it has ever been taught by the Church of 
Christ, feel great anxiety respecting any change, 
we fully anticipate that, in conjunction with 
our brethren, we shall be able to devise some 
plan which will meet the wishes of that 
other large body of persons who object to the 
solemn use of words which they r^ard as un- 
authorised, in their most obvious sense, either 
by the letter or the spirit of Holy Scripture." 

— Died, aged 60 years. General Don Benito 
Juarez, President of the Republic of Mexico, 
and tiie successful rival of the Emperor Maxi- 
milian, whom he put to death. 

fi3. — Died, aged 75 years, W. Bridges 
Adams, mechanician. 

— Henry M. Stanley, the discoverer of Dr. 
Livingstone, arrives at Marseilles with nume- 
rous letters and reports from the great traveller. 

— Severe thunderstorm accompanied by a 
heavy fall of rain experienced in London and 
neighbourhood. 

fi4-. — Commenting on the Keogh ju Igment, 
the Freeman^s Journal attacks the Prime 
Minister :— " Unhappy Ireland 1 Ill-fated peo- 
ple 1 The serpent whom the nation warmed 
into vitality and power, * the people's William,* 
is the first among the foremost to curl his viper 
tail and strike his envenomed fang into the 
national heart, not only prosecuting the bishops 
and priests for being true to their people, but 
seeking, by a deep-laid plot, to stifle their 
defence." On the attention of the House 
being called to the wordsi the Irish Attorneys 



1872. 



AUGUST 



L it was not his intention to instt- 
Eition in re^rd to that article, and 
ssrpTi^«d that Colonel Knox, being an 
IiiaKoan himself, should not have known that 
■adi things were custontttiy in that country. 

L — Mr. Gilpin's bill for the abolition of 
pital puniahment rejected hj 167 votes to 54. 

Meeting of the Church Association to 
lie the presentation of a lay memorial to 
and a prot&t on the subject of the 
t judgment 

I SS» — Edward E. Stokes tried for the murder 
James Fi&k at New Vork, but the jury 
dare themselves unable to agree upon a 
rJict. 

».— Mr Vernon Harcourt's motion, "That 

dministralion of the Inw under the ex* 

ystem is costly, dilatory, and inefhcient ; 

mpetent commission having reported 

\ juaicial organisation is defective in all 

U is desirable that her Majesty's 

nt ' 'i * 'vt the next session of Par- 

A House ft measure for 
-1 ruction, which, without 
: the jjuttii*. uharge. shall provide for 
effect ii*l, spctdy, and economical 
iirmtioD of justice," rejected after debate 
by 60 votes 10 45. 

•7. — Mdlle. Christine NiUson married to 
\L KouiAud at Westminster Abbey, 

a0, — Subscriptions received for the French 
kNcnof 120,000,000/. issued at S^f. 50c. Total 
amount subscribed 1^720,000,000/. 

fl^. — Earl Derby calls the attention of the 
HouAC of Lords to the treatment experienced 
' Dr. HtK>ker, director of Kcw GarJcns, at 
hands of Mr. Ayrton, First Commissioner 
^'orka. After tracing the history of Kew 
dezts, and the distinguished scientilic career, 
TStr W. Hooker and then of his son, he 
I from the blue hook the acts of which 

looker coinplaincd, and charged the Fin»t 

CooUBUotierof^ Works with systematic arro- 
£iiioe md diiregard of the courtesies of ofhcial 

ai.—Dted, Aged 67, Augustus Smith, the 
Vanx (uruicr the l»ttchy of Cornwall) or king 
^ the SciUy Isles, with no neighbouriug pro* 
pciclof nearer than the Land*f End on one side 
■nd Newfoundland on the other. 

— r rise in the price of coals — in 
tile T' ' the extent of 100 per cent., 
sod til I- M ciy districU to joo per cent, on 
kit winter** prioec. 

— Celcbrati' Ti --^ *^~ '/^'*^- mniversary of 
|]» foundation c-rsiiy. Herr 
Von Lnti, the y u: Instruction, 
wms the I'carer of the Kmg » cungratulatioos, 
■fifd Wsaoutice«l the foundation by liis Majesty 

ship for MoTlcuts in history. Pro- 

1 on the ]>ait j»f various German 

Pnifesfwir Max Mullet on thcpcift 

otttgu ttniv^^itten, ftnd Prnfcssor Entst 




' Curtius on behalf of the learned societies, de- 
livered congratulatory addresses. The Rector^ 
E)r. Dollinger, in reply to Professor Max Miiller, 
remaiked that the many good sides of the 
English Universities were not unknown in 
Germany, and Oxford es]3eciaJly was venerated 
as a model and an elder sister. 

01, — At a meeting of theSuez Canal Company 
the est! ma ted revenue for theycar was stated to! e 
22,ooo,ooor, leaving a profit of 6,650,O0Of., in 
consequence of the new mode of applying the 
tariflfs. Eight hundred and eighty*sevcn vessels 
passed through the canal during the first siK 
months of 1672, producing 7,244,000^, or an 
increase of 45 per cenL on the preceding half- 
year. The calculation of the tariff on the baiis 
of the gross tonnage instead of the net tonnage 
produced since the ist of July an increase uf 
50 per cent, in the receipts. 

— Died, aged 19 years, Fran9ois Louts 
Marie Philippe, Due de Guisej only surviving 
child of the Due d'Aumalc, by hi<i late con- 
sort Marie Caroline Augusle, daughter of ht 
Prince of Salerno, 

August I.— Experiment with gun-cotton 
in the neighbourhood of the Treasury, White- 
hall, resuUing in an explosion which shattered 
the windows of several public offices. 

— General Schenck, the American Minister, 
General Sherman, and the admiral and 
captains of the United States quadron at 
anchor in South amp tun water, received by 
the Queen at Osborne. 

— The return from the bankers* clearing 
house, for the week ending to-day, shows a 
total of 147,553,000/. In the corresponding 
week of last year it was 116,642,000/. The 
largest return ever known previously to the 
present one was for the week ending the 3rd 
ult., when it amounted to 142,045,000/. 

d. — The Select Committee appointed to 
report upon the whole subject of railway com- 
munication between the Mediterranean, the 
Black Sea, and the Persian Gulf, issue their 
report. The committee state that the evidence 
which they have taken has satisfied them that 
there is no insuperable obstacle in the way of 
the construction of a railway from some suitable 
port in the Mediterranean to some other suitalile 
port at or near the head of the Persian Gulf; 
that there is more than one port which niiyht 
be selected at either end of the line ; thattlit^ic 
are reveral practicable routes ; that there 
would be no difficulty in procuring the neces- 
sary supply of labour and of materials for con- 
st m cling A railway ; and that there need be ro 
apprehension of its being exposed to injury by 
natives, either during the process of its con- 
struction or aAcr it iihall have been completctl, 
The conramittce think that 10,000,000/. would 
1 cover the expenses of the shortest rnulc pro- 
I posed. In conclusion, the report says : - 
^ Speaking gcnenillY, ^our comTOivtec aw. oC 



AUGUST 



1872. 



AUGUST 



opinion that the two routes, by the Red Sea 
and by the Persian Gulf, might be maintained 
and used simultaneously ; that at certain seasons 
and for certain purposes the advantage would 
lie with the one, and at other seasons and for 
other purposes it would lie with the other ; 
that it may fairly be expected that in process 
of time traffic enough for the support of both 
would develop itself, but that this result must 
not be expected too soon ; that the political 
anil commercial advantages of establishing a 
second route would at any time be considerable, 
and might, under possible circumstances, be 
exceedingly great ; and that it would be worth 
the while of the English Government to make 
an effort to secure them, considering the 
moderate pecuniary risk which they would 
incur." 

3.— Collision at Clifton Junction, on the 
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, between an 
express and a goods train. Five persons killed 
and several seriously injured. 

— Melkshott Court, Romsey, the seat of 
Lady Ashburton, burnt, but the greater part of 
the valuable works of art with which it was 
crowded saved. 

4..— Died, aged 81 years, General Julius 
George Griffith, of the Royal Artillery, an old 
Deccan campaigner under Colonel Lionel 
Smith. 

— Murder and suicide at Gcrson near 
Lucerne, an American shooting a young lady 
walking with her mother and sister, and dis- 
charging a pistol through his own head. 

5. — Publication in the Gazette of the official 
despatches from Dr. Livingstone, brought home 
by Mr. Stanley, who had arrived in London 
on the 2nd inst, after a short stay at Paris. 
They comprised six letters, the first addressed 
to Lord Stanley, being dated the 15th of 
November, 1870, and the last to Earl Gran- 
ville, dated Unyanyembe, near the Kazeh of 
Sheke, February 20, 1872. In 1866 Dr. 
Livingstone had entered Africa from Zanzibar, 
but far south of the Nile system. The great 
valley of the 2^mbezi, with its tributary, Lake 
Nyassa, already familiar to him, was the scene 
of his first labours. Thence he worked north- 
wards over the watershed in search of streams 
that might feed the infant Nile, and at last, 
deserted by his guides and worn out by toil, 
but rewarded by the discovery of the great 
river Chambezi, he reached Ujiii, the Arab 
trade depot on Lake Tanganyika, in 1869. 
There he rested for a while, and then started 
again on the same quest. Again he was 
rewarded by tlie sight of a great river called 
Lualaba, which he succeeded in tracing back 
till it was identified with the Chambezi of his 
former discovery. But he was worn down by 
illness and exhaustion. His feet were sore 
with ulcers, his followers had mutinied, his 
• ores were exhausted, and he had no resource 
hut to fall back once more on Ujiji, which be 
itached for the second time, utXerly dispirited 
tc6' 



and forlorn, and, in his own expressive phrase, 
"a mere ruckle of bones," in the middle of 
October 1871. But he had not long to wait 
for help and comfort. On the loth of Novem- 
ber the discharge of many muskets announce I 
the arrival of some distinguished party, and ti.e 
old traveller's eyes and ears were soon glad- 
dened by the sight of a white face, and the 
sound of the familiar English tongue, ^fr. 
Stanley had found him out, and brought health 
and plenty in his company. (See Nov. 10, 
1871.) Dr. Livingstone sent home his journal 
to his daughter Agnes. "It is," he writes, 
**oneof Letts's large folio diaries, and is full 
except a few (five) pages reserved for altitudes 
which I cannot at present copy. It contairis 
a few private memoranda for my family alone, 
and I adopt this course in order to secure it 
from risk in my concluding trip." Letters 
continued to be received from Livingstone till 
July of this year. 

5. — Mr. Grant-DufF introduces the Indian 
Budget For the regular estimate year 1871-72 
the revenue was 50,013,686/. and the expentli- 
ture 47,282,356/., and the Budget estimate for 
the coming year put the revenue at 48, 77 1 ,000/. 
and the expenditure at 48,534,000/., leaving; a 
surplus of about a quarter of a million. The 
decrease in the revenue was due chiefly to 
opium and assessed taxes. Since the year 
1 86 1, the income drawn from India amounted 
to 569,000,000/., and we had spent there 
576,500,000/. But for this excess of expendi- 
ture over income of seven millions, India had 
obtained over thirty-seven millions of pro- 
perty, namely, .seven millions and a half in 
public roads, eight millions in canals and a 
million and a half in harbours, six and a half 
millions in civil buildings, eleven millions in 
military buildings, and two millions and three- 
quarters in state railways. An amendment 
moved by Mr. Fawcett, condemning the 
income-tax, was withdrawn after discussion. 

6. — Royal assent given to the Scotch Educa* 
tion Bill. 

7. — Earl Russell, writing to the Tinies^ sug- 
gests a change in the termination of the financial 
year. If it were to close, he said, on the 30th 
June, instead of the 31st March, the following 
advantages would be secured : — i. The months 
of February, March, and April might be de- 
voted to the consideration of bills by the House 
of Commons, these bills being sent to the 
House of Lords before the end of April. The 
House of Commons would not then be required 
to give up June and July to the business of 
legislation. 2. The House of Commons, not 
having its attention occupied by the passing of 
bills through Committee, would be able at the 
beginning of May to give its attention to Esti- 
mates and to any financial measures which 
the Government or individual members might 
place before them 3. The Estimates l>eing 
voted before the 30th of June, the expenditure 
of the year would begin with the clo'^ing of ibe 
Committee of Supply. 



1872. 



AC'CUSl 



-At 



A^xef. before Baron 

return a verdict for I he 

Eion raised by Lconanl 

nl newspaper proprietors 

ullcged libels coniained 

r ntmulc poblbhe<i by them. 

""»— = \v',i-L,._rrave presented with 

], Mr. Cbichester 

V retired from the 

^%« of Chi<J' Sccrtlary lor Ireland. 

-Mr, Favcelt calh the attcntmn of the 

Communs to the dispute between Mr. Ayrton 

I Dr. Htioker. At the same silting Mr* liutt s 

cnncemtD^ Jtidge Keogh wils rejected 

I *c*tes to 23. 

^^ Diedt aget! 70, Ge«^rge Godolphin 

Diboftic, Dulce of Leeds. 

— Dkd, Bfied 89, Colonel Thomtt.«i S, 
Bc g ^i e, l^ie of the 44th Regiment* a Penin- 
mIut veterMi, vrbo had entered the army as 
cflly us tSo7. 

— Died at Berlin* Dr. Al>eken» the G^ntz 
«f modcfn Germany, familiarly known as 
" Bimiinili' I pen/' and described by the Em- 

sis •'one of my mo^t trusty counsellors;, 
i|t«^l Ifv me in the mo«t decisive moments 
f tifc, and whose loss is to me irreparable." 

k — Mr- Childera sworn in as Chancellor of 
\ Dttdiy of l^ncaster. 

IP,— Parlmmenl priirojracdby Commission ; 

RojaI - ■ Lun to a brief notice 

r roon ires passed, making 

^PEference i4^ .... -.... .;/ result of the con- 

j t»i«ed by the Treaty of Washington 
Ijhe tcrminatjon of the commercial treaty 
ce. It was also intimated that ** my 
nt has taken steps intended to prc- 
' *-- norc cITeclually w'ilh 
T coast of Africa." 
A reading the Speech 
It was given by commission to 
III, the Mines Regulation Bill, 
"the ruhUi. Health Bill, the Military Forces 
\jaQaXtt»Xviin (Expenses), and other bills, 

^ Thit ' Wales places ibe finish- 

ing iloee • i;w&ter at Weymouth, the 

lint itoiDc 'M >, IM..H was laid by the Prince 
CoMort, July 25, 1849. The structure is a 
m*wall 100 feet high from the bottom 
n, and yx> feet thick at the base, but 
n> «i™>e, and strptch« with a bend 
id fivc-tighths 
I of Portland. 
_.,,.,.. .,-,, , ,., . -It area of 6,745 
bf water — namely, the ^pace for anchorage 
[lini7 - f men-<nrwar, 1,290 acres outside 
me, 1,^90 acres between three 
, i,7;S arrcs between 1 2 feet 
'^ to low-water 
sts of an inner 

. A, .-- ..: ..,,.;, divided from 

tiT isolated break waier, 6,20o feel in 

ht by an opening 400 feet wide. The 

tbaiU in nine to ten frJ*"ftm» of water, 




the material used being rou^b blocks of Port- 
land stone, quarried by convicts from the neigh* 
bouring shore. 

10. — ^ Marine Aquarium at Brighton opened 
by the Mayor of the borough* At the luncheon 
given afterwarfU in the Pavilion, Dr* Caipcnter 
urRcd that the aquarium should be made a 
marine observatory in the interest of science. 
It was, he said, what naturalists had long 
wanted, and if properly managed would do 
much to advance the study of marine zoology. 

II. — Died, aged 78 years, Prince Gholam 
Mahomed, K.C.S.I., last surviving son of 
Tippoo Sultan. 

— Died, aged 75 years, Sir Andrew Smith, 
K.C.B., Director- General of the Anny Medical 
Department, 1851-58. 

Ifl.— The fapanese Envoy presented to the 
Queen at Windsor. 

— Diefl, Rev. Dr, Walsh, Roman Catholic 
Bishop of Ossory, defendant in the case cf 
O'Keefe lu Walsh. 

— Disorderly gtitbcring of women at Low 
Green, Workington, Cumberland, to protest 
against the price of butcher's meat 

— James Flynn, sentenced to death at 
the last Manchester Assizes for the muirlcr of 
Johanna Nairn at Oldham, commits .suicide in 
the county prison by starving himself. 

— Charlej Holmes a labourer at Broms- 
grove, execuled at Worcester for the murder 
of his wife, whom, during their four years of 
married life, he had treated with systematic 
brutality. 

13. — Triple execution within the walls of 
Maidstone gaol ; vtx,, Francis Bradford, who 
munjered one of his comrades at Dover ; 
Thomas Moore, who murdered his wife at 
Ash fort! ; and James Tooth, the murderer of 
a drummer boy at the Marine Barracks, Chat- 
ham. The three men were tried, convicted^ 
and sentenced to death by Mr. Baron Bram- 
wcll at the recent !iummer assiies at Maidstone. 
Tooth and Moore dictl instantly, but Bradford, 
being lighter, Rtruggled for nea:ly ten minutes, 
Christopher Etl wards was also executed within 
Stafford prison for the murder of his wife at 
Willenhalk 

— Mr. G. Gilbert Scott, architect, guetted 
a knight 

— A woman named Venables, living in 
Roman Road, Islington, with a cabman named 
Chalterton, murders her daughter, apparently 
under a fit of terror at apprehended ill-osape. 
She was Iricti on the 21st, and found guilty of 
murder, but recommended to mercy. 

14. — Inauguration of the fountain erected in 
the West-enii Park, Glasgow, to cnmmcmomte 
the introduction of the I.nch Katrine water 
supply and the aerviccs rendered in connection 
with that great work by the late LoaI Piovoit 
Stewart. 



AUGUST 



1872. 



AUGUST 



1*.— The Queen arrives in Edinburgh for 
a stay of three days. 

— The British Association met at Brighton 
under the presidency of Dr. Carpenter, who 
delivered an address having reference chiefly 
10 the mental processes by which are formed 
the fundamental conceptions of matter and 
force, of cause and effect, of law and order, 
the basis of all exact scientific reasoning. To 
set up those sequences, he said, which we 
call laws as self-acting, either excluding or 
rendc»"'ng unnecessary the power which alone 
could give them effect, appeared to him as 
arrogant as it was unphilosophical. Modem 
science, fixing its attention exclusively on the 
order of nature, had separated itself wholly 
from theology, whose function it was to seek 
after its cause, and herein science was justified ; 
but when science assumed to set up its own 
conception of the order of nature as a sufficient 
account of its cause, it was invading a province 
of thought to which it had no claim. 

15,— Died, aged 73, Dr. F. C. STcey, 
• Demonstrator, L«:turer, and latterly Professor 
of Anatomy, and President for a time of the 
Royal College of Surgeons. 

— The first Parliamentary contest under 
the Ballot Act takes place at Pontefract, Mr. 
Childers, the new Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, receiving 658 voles against 578 given 
to Lord PoUington, presently professing Con- ' 
servative principles, but in 1868 said to have 
sought ail alliance with his present opponent on 
Liberal views. 

16. — Commencement of a week's rioting 
between the Orangemen and Catholics of Bel- 
fast Public-houses were sacked, workpeople 
mobbed, and Protestants in considerable num- 
bers driven forcibly out of Catholic districts. 
On the 2 1st a policeman named Moore was 
shot, and several Catholic schools sacked. 

— Mr. Stanley details to a crowded and 
enthusiastic meeting at Brighton his travels in 
search of Dr. Livin^tone, and their happy 
termination in the disco very, at Ujiji,of the pale, 
careworn, grey-headed old man "dressed in a 
red shirt and crimson jo-ho, with a gold band 
round his cap, an old tweed pair of pants, 
and his shoes looking the worse for wear." 
The ex-Emperor Napoleon was among the 
audience, comj^osed for the most part of mem- 
bers of the British Association. 

19. — In the course of a missionary speech 
at Carlisle the Archbishop of Canterbury re- 
ferred to the many natives of heathen lands to 
be seen in London, at the Queen's levees, at 
the Temple, and at the Eastern Homes, insist- 
ing tbal unless steps were taken for converting 
them the likelihood was that these heathen 
would be converting us. ** I am almost," said 
his Grace, "afraid to say it, but I cannot help 
thinking that this great proximity of the East 
to ourselves has somehow or other infected the 
/hilosophy on which the young men feed in 
our gretft ^emirmries of lesLtning, and that men 
to66 



of learning, from rubbing shoulders with men 
who altogether disl^elieve in Christianity, havi 
more toleration for that denial than they had in 
the olden times ; and that systems which have 
existed for centuries in the extreme lands nf 
heathenism are finding some sort of echo even 
among the literature and philosophy of this 
Christian country." 

20. — Dietl in Glasgow, advanced in years 
I William Miller, known in Scotland as tlie 
"Nursery Poet." 

21.— Murder and attempted suicide in a 
house of ill- fame in Langton Street, Chelsea, 
by two young Germans named May and Nagel, 
natives of Berlin, the latter, by mutual arrange- 
ment it was presumed, shooting himself through 
the heart after seriously wounding his friend. 

22.— Prince Milan ObrenoWtrh IV. ascends 
the throne of Servia in succession to Prince 
Michel a.ssassinated four years since. 

— The failure announced of the old firm of 
Gledstanes and Co., East India merchanis, 
Austinfriars, with liabilities set down rt 
1,722,235/. 

23. — Mary Ann Cotton, "the poisoner," 
committed for trial by the Bishop-Auckland 
magistrates on the charge of murdering her 
stepson with intent to defraud a burial society. 

2*. — Attempt by J. B. Johnson to suim 
from Dover to Calais ; failed after two experi- 
ments, when the circulation was so low as to 
compel his friends to lift him into the steam- 
tender. 

— The Pacific Mail Company's steamer 
America destroyed by fire in the harbour of 
Yokohama ; between sixty and seventy passen- 
gers, mostly Chinese labourers, were killci, 
and a valuable cargo from San Franciiico 
destroyed. 

— The Prince of Wales visits M. Thiers 
at his marine residence at Trouville, where the 
President had been staying sir>ce the breaking 
up of the Assembly. 

— Died, aged 65 years, Nathaniel Beard- 
more, civil engineer. 

27. — Following up the remarks of the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury on "the heathen "in Lon- 
don, S. B. Thakur, a Hindoo student, writes to 
the Tinus : — " It is possible that the fears of the 
Primate were groundless ; but there is every 
reason to believe that Eastern philosophy an<l 
literature will exercise a very great and bene- 
ficial influence on English thought, becau^e 
Arabic and Sanskrit— two out of the three most 
important languages of Asia — are being studie 1 
at the Universities of this country— the former 
by the students of theology as being indispen- 
sable to a critical acauaiittance with Hebrew ; 
the latter by classical scholars, as being abso- 
lutely necessary to a sound scholarship in Greek, 
Latin, and philolomcal lore. Thus a day will 
come when our philosophers and logicians will 
be eagerly studied by the English youth, just aj 
Aristotle and Plato are." 



trrEMBBH 



1872. 



SEPTEMBEk 



.~f* — The Qoeen presents Mr Stanley with 
ptBafr*boi and a letter thanking him tor h'n 
t in connection with the discovery of Dr. 
lllrifigMone. The young traveller afterwards 
titotd the Queen at Dunrobiit. 

— Fif« at Keniiih Tow-n railway station^ 
loMyii^ tbe upper {Nirt of the premises and 
tmt Adjoming pct)pe]tie& 

— The Sponi^ steamer P^rsn'^anta 
wttdued near Oporto, and thirty of those on 

1 drowned. 

•Tbe residence of Mr. Paniizi, at 
attacked by tjttfgUri, and one of 
of the family injured in a fight 
lensoed. 

•TernuiMtioa of the itrike of Londoit 



— The Archbishop of York preaches a aer- 
BUM in ooimeceioQ with the 6ooih annivenary 
of the hofpitAl at Grcatham« near Stockton* 

at.— Mr. Speaker Brand, addressing his 
lenanta o«i the c»tatc of Glynde, proposes to 
^ivc Inboorcri a sh^re in fanning profits pro- 
pQflioaate to the amount of capital they were 
tUe 10 if} vcat , ^ I T you have i^ot 5 A , ' ' he said« 
**ifl tbe saving bank» and you would like to lend 
Jl lo my farming business^ t will engage to give 
jm^ ft! the favm^-lmnk docs, 2} per cent, for 
^ icy ; and I will do more than that. I 

pposing the profits of the famr cxcecti 
ce&L Jor Che money 1 have invested 
the same interest upon the 
le. That is to saj', supposing 
as profit on the capital I have 
'vou shaFl have to per cent, on your 
id of 3(. So, you see, you will be in 
itiMT — thnt yoy will never get less than 
pr-f cffnt you receive now, and if the 
you will h»\'e the benefit of 
re of this, that we shall never 
W«»«<*i'*'^tory settlement of the rebtion 
ioycr and employed until the latter, 
the amount of capital ami labour 
an inlere-si in the good 
My st»le object is to 
interest in ihc 
_^ 149 endeavour to raise 
poJMbn you now occupy 



he ha« 
coadi 



|««a i.,,> .; 
asbbooRti. 



Ai — CoRSuhed tm the drspmcs 
the Itugby masters, the Attorney- 
writes that ** li lecms to him ei]U£iHy 
and depKirablc that a head master 
gravcfy pirt forward snch matters as had 
lubmttted to ia-trfy the virtuaT <1ismis^l 
mtd p^- ' '^ ^^-" ' " : -''cmAn of Ability find 
fiiaca 1 in teaching. The 

^ ft. There i* ab^o- 

ttg to cfuinect Mr. Scott with Mr. 
f% eSpre»sions, cKtcept the inferences 
Ikyman and Mr, R, Mr. Scott, I 
and denies I hat ht^ teMem uerr hnsfile 



to Dr, Hayman ; and it is in my judgment in- 
tolerable that a gentleman should be brought to 
book and threatened with dismissal because he 
has written to his relation as to what is going 
on at his school, and that relation has made 
strong comments on the head master. If this 
were permitted by the governing body to affect 
their minds, I cannot but observe that the posi- 
tion of an assistant- rnxster at Rugby School, 
under such conditions, is not one which they 
can expect a gentleman with the feelingi of a 
gentleman to undertake*" 

fi. — ^International Congress of workmen 
opened at the Hague. 

S. — Fire in Canterbury Cathedra), origi- 
nating, it was thought, in the carelessness of 
workmen engs^ed in repairing the lead roof of 
the fabric Owing to the scarcity of water, 
about 1 50 feet of the roof was consumed before 
the flames could be got under. The shrine 
of Thomas k Ikcket, together with the interest- 
ing portion of the edifice known as Beckel's 
Corner and the tomb of the Bfack Prince, 
were in imminent danger ; telegrams, indeed, 
at one period giving little hope of saving any 
portion of the ma^mificent fal>ric 

— Father Hyacinthe married at the Mary- 
lebone Kegiilrar's office to Mrs. Mcrriman. 

4*. — The Hungarian Diet opened by the 
emperor, 

— A company of Mormons, numbering five 
hundred and ninety, Ica^e Liverpool in the 
Minu£S0ta for New York on their way to 
Utah. 

— Heavy thimderstorra in the northern and 
western counties, with loss of ^veral lives. At 
Liskcard ihe telegraph office was destroyed by 
lightning. 

5. — Alice Blanche Oswald, ui American 
governess, aged twenty years, commits suicide 
by throwing herself off Warerl»o Brrdge into 
the Thames. She rose more than once scneam- 
ing frantically, and «eemed to be swhnming, 
but sank twice before the Thamci putice-boat 
could reach her. She was well dre!»»ed. In 
her pocket was found a purse containing a half- 
penny, a duplicate for a shawl pledged for 2j.. 
a wedding ring, a small box key, a dress 
ring with white stoneit, a pair of gilt wr- 
ongs, small brooch, and a locket contahiing 
the miniature of a gentleman ; ako several 
pajwrs, ajid addresses of the American Minis- 
ter, Consul, and others. At the inquest a 
letter written by dcceaseii was read explainitig 
the motives compdling her to self-flcstrcc- 
tion : — ** Alone in London, not a penny or a 
fnend to advise or lend a helping hand, tiie 1 
and weary with lix»king fur something to do, 
failing in every way, footsore and heart* weary, 
I prefer death to the dawning of another 
wretched mornrng. I have only been in Britain 
nine weeks . . . tih, God of heaven, hav« 
mercy on a poor helpless sinner ; Thou knowest 
how I have striven against this, but fate |i 
agauisi me. I ciitovcA U\:^A V\\t x^^kVV q^ <w. 



SEPTEMBER 



1872. 



SEPTEMBER 



for mjT dead mother will be watching me. 
Fatherless, motherless, home I have none. Oh 
for the rarity of Christian hearts. I am now 
mftd ; for days I have foreseen that this would 
be the end. May all who hear of my death 
fomve me, and may God Almighty do so, 
before whose bar I must soon appear. Fare- 
well to all, to this beautiful, and yet wretched 
world.— Alice Blanche Oswald. I am twenty 
years of age the 14th of this month." The jury 
returned a verdict of " Suicide while in a state 
of temporary insanity." 

a.— Foundation-stone laid of new harbour 
works at St Helier^s, Jersey. 

6. — ^The Queen arrives at Dunrobui 00 a visit 
to the Duke of Sutherland ; and during her 
stay lays the foundation-stone of a monument 
hi honour of the late Dochesg. 

— Explosion in the mixing-house of Curtis 
and Harvey's Honnslow powder works, causing 
serious damage to the works and the death of 
five people employed therein. 

7.— Conference at Berlin between the 
Emperors of Austria, Germany, and Rutsui, 
attended with great military display, and 
torchlight '* tattoo" in the evening. 

— Commencement of the Autumn Military 
Manoeuvres at Wimbome and Blandford 
Downs, under the command of Generals Sir 
John Michel and Sir Robert Walpole. 

8.— Died, ac;ed 80, Rev. Dr. Bisset, 
minister of Bourtie, formerly Moderator of the 
General Assembly, and in early life teacher at 
Udnv Grammar School, where he had for 
mpils lads so well known afterwards as Sir 
ames Ontram, Dr. Joseph Robertson, and Dr. 
lOl Barton. 

•.—The State elections in Maine carried by 
the Republicans. 

11.— Social Science Congress opened at 
Plymouth by the Prcsidflnt for the year. Lord 
Napier and Xttridc 

IB. — Replying to an address from English 
Protestants expressive of sympathy in his s&ug- 
glb with the Ultramontanes, Prince Bismarck 
wsites : — " I am glad that I agree with you in 
liic principle tha^ in a well-r^;ulated commu- 
nity, every person, to whatever profession of 
faiUi he may belong, should enjoy that amount 
of freedom which is compatible with the 
liberty and security of others and the inde- 
pendence of the eonntry. In the battle for 
this principle God will protect the German 
Empire ftom opponents who X9^it His name 
as a mask for their enmity aga inst our peace 
at home." 

— The Autumn manaenwes closed by a 
« orardi past " at Beacon- Hill, near Amesboxy. 

IS.— A scmion on Sti. Bartholomew's Day, 

pfWfibad by Dean Stanliey hi Mr.. Boyd's 

duudi, St Andrew's, having nealied' attentkm 

so ffltf co otiO f mBj jMsidtoy the mptofal said to 

^ beea exprcmtd by Foot G^ttorrXIILf 

Ma6$ \ 



Jai 



Dr. Newman now writes to the Times \ — 
" Craft and cruelty, and whatever is base and 
wicked, have a sure Nemesis, and eventually 
strike the heads of those who are guilty of 
them. Whether in matter of fact Pope Gre- 
gory XIII. had a share in the guilt of the St. 
Bartholomew Massacre must be proved to me 
before I believe it It is commonly said in 
his defence that he had an untrue, one-sided 
account of the matter presented to him, and 
acted on misinformation. This involves a 
question of fact, which historians must decide. 
But, even if they decide against the Pope, his 
Infallibility is in no respect compromised. 
Infallibih'ty is not Impeccability. Even Caia- 
phas prophesied, and Gregory XIII. was not 
quite a Caiaphas." 

13. — Replying; to a criticism by Mr. Capes, 
Dr. Newman wntes : — " He assumes that I did 
not hold or profess the doctrine of the Pope's 
Infallibility till the time of the Vatican Council, 
whereas I have committed myself to it in print 
again and again, from 1845 to 1867. And, on 
the other hand, as it so happens — though I 
hold it as I ever have done — I have had no 
occasion to profess it, whether in print or other- 
wise, since that date. Anyone who knows 
my writings will recollect that in so saying I 
state the simple fact The surprise and distress 
I felt at the definition was no personal matter, 
but was founded on serious reasons of which I 
feel the force stilL** In another letter to the 
Guardian Dr. Newman writes : '* It is true I 
was deeply, though not personally, pained both 
by the lact and by the circumstances of the 
definition ; and, when it was in contemplation, 
I wrote a most confidential letter, which was 
surreptitiously gained and published, but of 
whi<m I have not a word to retract The feel- 
ings of surprise and concern expressed in that 
letter have nothing to do with a screwing one's 
conscience to prof^ what one does not l^lieve, 
which is Mr. Capes's pleasant account of roe. 
He ought to know better." 

— Two sisters, Alice and Jane M'CuUorh, 
drowned off Cumbrae in the Firth of Clyde, by 
the upsetting of a pleasure-boat in a squalL 

— Paris papers contaui the text of a judg- 
ment delivered in the Brest scandal case, con- 
cemmg the Jesuit Father Dufour and the Vis- 
comtesse de Vielmont. The judgment pointed 
out that the case for the prosecution rested 
entirely on the evidence of the guard of the 
train, and that his statements were inconsistent 
with each other, and, in some particulars 
specified, not conceivably true. The accused 
were therefore entirely acquitted of the charge 
of indecency. At the same time, the judgment 
observed tnat the defendants had admitted 
fiuniliarities which were " very reprehensible." 

14.— Frederick Clappison, late secretary of 
tBe London and Coontv Bank, examined at the 
Mansion Hoose on a charge of forging transfer 
shaica, and committed for trial. On the 25th 
he was s en t e pccd to five yean* penal servitude. 





SEPTEMIiEK 



for ihr acts committed by 
• rily of ihe Italian, 
irbitralors agamst 
~ ILI Bhuin and 
ab]e for the 
I after leaving 
Thiey unajiimously decided that, 
lo w^liidi GicaLt Britain was held 
the acts of the tenders should be 
lo foUow the judgment ^vett m 
ihe cruisers to wFiith they were 
Thc]f dedded tttat (Jioit Britain 
L icipoasthte fui the acts comiuittcd by 
cw by anv of ihc other Confede* 
ca^ce^^t tne three above named, 
scd jU together the claim of the 
Government for expenditure 
|iurkuit and capture of the cruisers. 
3<Scd ihAt interest should be allowed, 
aw&nicd a gross sum of 15,500,000 
Emigtilii (about 3.229,166/. 13J. 4-/.) in 
firml settlement of all claims^ 
! interests The amo«mt of the claims 
I before the Tribunal, as appears from 
" Statement of Claims presented on 
I |Bf| of the United Staler in April last, vvas 
^J9,CA5 ilrsUan in gold, to which was added 
\ lor expenses of pursuit and cajiture to 
I 01 7,080,475 dollars, with interest 
"it f p0^ eeni. «3n the whole amount for about 
m irtri. or^ in all, 45,500,000 dollai^ in gold 
lit •hoal 9,479,166/. 1^, 4^J This award 
1 bj lul the arbitrators except Sir A, 



r at Oxford in connection with 
1^ CMryln^ out of the early closing clauses of 
^ Li^cniJn^ Act. 

-^ Died »t Nuremberg, aged 69, Lud- 
wm fJeBertokclL, author of **Das We&en der 
llctagioaif** and numerous other philosophical 




—^ M. Ednoild About arrested by Germnns 
II Ida |irif«le residence. Save me, the alleged 
_0ot0t beiag seditious speaking and writing. 
le mwk Ubcmticd in a few days. 

1^— In opening the Cortes, King Victor 

i dcscribeJ the Carlist insurrection as 

\ at an end, nnd promised to despatch to 

*ClU« " I h necessary to js up* 

^§tm i when tha. end is 

^..*, -.,.,. .". uiiroduced, specially 

foe that dependency, relative to 

jvatjce, commerce, the army, and 

\ Insuuction/' 

aged 73, Rev* Wm* Anderson, 
well-known Glasgow preacher. 

Jites attended by a mtrobfr of 
itecf command en. 




17.— Died, aged St, Joseph Johnson, fifty 
years since an active associate of Hunt, Cob- 
belt, and Bamford^ and who had undergone 
two years* imprisonment as one of the !c*ulcrs 
at Pcterloo. 

IB.— Died at Malmo, aged 46, Charles XV. 
King of Sweden aiul Norway. Prince Regent 
Oscar woii proclaimed as Oscar II. 

19, — Rout»dliay Pork, Leeds, opened by 
Prince Arthur. Next day he laid the founda^ 
tion stone of the New Exchange* 

— M. Thiers sets out for Paris from 
Trouville, where he had been honoured by the 
presence of French and English war shipSb 

ao, — Cantain Burton, formerly of DamoscttS, 
gazetted to be her Majesty*s Congui at Trieste* 

— Old Catholic Congress at Cologne 
opened. One motion submitted expressed a 
desire that the GovernQients of Germany, Aus- 
tria, and Switzerland will : — i, Regard the 
Catholics adhering to the Old Catholic Church, 
and who reject the Vatican decrees as imiova- 
tions, as members of the Church recognized by 
Ihe Stale, and protect them as such ; 2, Deem 
the bishops recugiijjtmg the Vatican innovations 
and their organs as having no right of jurisdic- 
tion over the Old Catholics, who, moreover, 
are declared in the Vatican decrees not to be- 
long to the New Catholic sect. 

itJi. — Liberal gathering at Antwerp known 
as the ** Banquet des Gueux," or jtcggars* 
League, a name assumed in honour of an an- 
cient confederation of noblemen, who in the 
middle of the sixteenth century received this 
contemptuous designation from Margaret of 
Parma. They vowed that they would make 
the name respected, and the '* Beggars " soon 
afterwards revoked and drove tht SpaniorcU 
from the Netherlands. 

— Preparations for a bancjuet to M. Gam- 
Ijctta at Cliambery suddenly stopped. 

113. — Died, aged 66, her Serene High- 
ness the Princess IIohcnlnhC'l-Angenburg, 
daughter of the Duchess of Kent, (by ber first 
marriage with Emich Charles, reigning Prince 
of Leiningcn), and half-sister of Queen Victoria. 

— Partial strike of Lotuion bakers, 

a A, — A supplement to the Ga:^tte seta forth 
the judgment and award of the Geneva Tribunal 
of Arbitration, the reasons of Lord Chief Ju.«i- 
tice Cockburn for dissenting from it, and the 
"opinions" presented during the progress of 
the cjse by Count Sclopis, the Viscount Itajuba, 
M. Stacmpfli, and Mr. Adams. Sir Alexander 
Cockburn s judgment was of a most elaborate 
character, and filled 250 pages. Writing of 
the alleged unfriendly feeling said to have been 
shown by Great Britain to the United States, 
Sir Alexander explained that a strong impres* 
sion could not fail to be producetl on the public 
mind by the cncrg)% dctcrminAtioti, and courage 
dtsolayed by the South, and the generous ardout 
villi which its population risked life and fortuuc 




1872. 



OCTOBER 



in the dospermtr struggle for national indqiefid- 
ncc» so resolutely mainlaincd to the lajrt against 
ftnitely superior force. " Whatever the cause 
which ihcy are exhibited, devotion and coll- 
age will ever command respect ; and lliey did 
in this instance. Men could not sec in ihe 
united people of these vast provinces, thus risk- 
* jail in the cause of nationality and independ- 
the common cose of rebels, disturbing 
cacc and order on account ol ima|>inary griev- 
s, or actualcii by the desire of overthrowing 
i Government in order to rise upon its ruina. 
1 hey gave credit to the statesmen and war- 
riors of the South — their cause might be rijiht 
E>r wrong— for the higher motives which ennoble 
'political action ; and all the opprobrious terms 
which might be he^pe<l upoa the cause in which 
I he fell, could not persuade the world that the 
arth beneath which Stonewall Jackson rests 
not cover the remains of a patriot and 
hero." Again, defending EnrI R«s»cll : - 
•When the history of Great Britain during the 
rninetecnlh cenuiry shall be written, ni>t unly 
[nvill there be none among the statesmen who 
have adorned it vvho^ name will be a,ss*)cialed 
Wlh greater works in the onward path of jK>It- 
i'Cftl pirojjrcss than that of Earl RuAsellt but 
there wiU be none to whom, personally, an 
Ijtdmiring [>osterity will look back with greater 
I feneration and respect. That this distinguished 
Iman should feil deeply aggrieved by the an- 
fivorthy attack thus made on the Goveinmcnt 
r»f which he was a leading member* and on 
limself personally^ it is easy to understand ; 
[but there are at'acks which recoil upon those 
[who make »licm ; and of thU nature are asper- 
[slonst on the honesty ami sincerity of Karl 
[Russell." Sir Alexander concurred with his 
|C»*lleagucs as to the Alabama^ though not for 
I the iamc reasons, but protested against the 
I Rtlowance of interest and the amount of it, 
lie concluded by expressing an earnest hope 
that the decision will l)C accepted by tlic Hritish 

iieople " with the submission and rc-^pccl which 
s due to the decision of a tribunal hy whose 
f nward it has freely consented to abide.** 

L— Acknowledging the gift of the freedom 

Lof the city of Glasgow, Mr. Lowe censures 

JMr Alexander Cockbum for publishing his 

* reasons" for diflfering with the other arbi- 

Itritors. ** I very much r^ret," he said, **ihflt 

[my learoeiil friend the Lord Chief J ost ice did 

Kit take the course o( simply signing the award 

ritb the other arbitmtors, it being perfectly 

*'ell known that he differei! ffom them in 

certain respects which would appear by the 

Etrans^iction or the award. Whci> the thing is 

^lecidcd, 4nd when we art bound to net upon 

and when we are not really just ilied in any 

cling. I think, of honour or g<Kxl faith, in 

naking any reclamation or quarrel at all with 

(That has been done in such circiimstAnces, I 

Ihink it 15 a qfcat pity that he should have 

. .1 . .. t.. ,|5,ty to 5(if ^p arifi renew 

:uii conic5> 5, on which the 
/, /ir a/iv rate, r ihink 



if it was his opinion that we otigf*^ t*? acqnietce 
quietly and without munnur in " 1, he 

had better not have published nta. 

If he had thought it right to puLu-n u^ jfgu- 
ments he had better have retrenched bis 
advice/' 

fi6. — M* Gambelta delivers a speech at 
Grenoble, in which he demands the dissolu- 
tion of the Assembly, and expresses his distrust 
of ** Republicans of the eleventh hour.*' Let 
as, he said, have no renegades in our rfnk-s 
and nothing to do with chiefs who now come 
over to U5» 

ae. — Sir Sydney Waterlow elected Lord 
Mayor of London. 

ao,— Kev. Wm. Brock, D.D., Tci\tt% from 

the Baptist Chapel, Bloomsbury, where he hod 
ministered for twenty-five years. 

30- — Close of the ** option" in Alsace- 
Lorraine, when 88,000 emigrants are reported 
to have passed through Nancy* 



October 1. — Di- 

at Birndngham, callt 
to adopt a new crci. 
action against the National ' 
and Scotland, Mr. Miall 



ait Conference 

l.iberai leader* 

'^ immediate 

f England 

M Noncon- 



formls^ts should move every ^lone in order that 
the principle may l>c thoroughly well repre- 
sented in the next Parliament, but he did not 
think that in every place, and especially in 
county constituencies, they should lay it down 
as a general rule that if they could not have ft 
man purely avowing the principle of discstab* 
lishment, they should let the next general al<5C« 
lion go in favour of the Conservative party* 
They must not separate themsclve> altogether 
from the Liberal party on this question until 
they were prepared to do far more than they 
could do now. * 

— Lord Hathcrlcy having resolved upon 
rclirmg from the wooUnck, the Attorney- 
General, Sir Rounrlell Pafmer, is generally* 
mentioned as his prol:>aUe succcsior. 

— Died, aged 63, the Right Rev. Dr. Gray, 
Bishop of Capelowa and MeirofM>litAn of South 
Africa. 

a.— The Escurial, btiilt by Philip 11. of 
Spain in honour of St, Lawrence, struck by 
light ning, and partly consumed. 

— Eleven per^^orts killed ftfid many injure*!- 
\ff the S' IT running 
ioto a mil j^a were 
'-'■■•• ^-'- .u. J.,n, '.fthe 

I way. Til car- 

iiAich injuria ftree 

Were brukcn up, cmd most ut the killed found 
among the fraj^mefit-n The i^taiioomaster 
Currie was arrv liry as to 

the position nr lals, and 

'■rla» 



V^£J^ 



1872, 



OCTOBER 



as contributrng to the accident : the 
etfulncss of ihe sUlionmaAlcr ; the want of 
jjocked points and 5*tgna]s, worked from a 
rjy placed cabin ; the absence not only of 
aphic block t.y.>lem, but even of any 
_^5phic wamiag of the opproarh of the 
jrlayca train ; and the unpunciimliiy of the 
l^icnj^'er train. Cnplain Tyler ^k\ there was 
hUme 10 be atuibutcd to »hc railway scr- 
uU with the pois&cn^cr train. The whole onus 
! with the italionmaster, 
J be a very careful and 

;. , - jL if the particular points, 

Dvmg of which was the cause of the acct- 
^ had been interlocked with signals, it 
have bten imposjiible for the station* 
^Vitct or anyone else to caure the accident 
' T the block system nor notice 
S Captain Tyler a-sserled^ the 
!i was realiy required to pre* 
Hi the accident. During the year 1871, out 
[ 159 accidents, 53 were caused by the want of 
I or other defective signal arrangements, 
ring the year 1870, out of 122 accidents, 
; caused by the same means* 
ft» — Mr. Justice Willes commits suicide by 
abooting himself in hh l>edroorRf at Otterspool, 
neftfMi'aiforJ, where he was spending the vaca< 
On the afternoon of the 1st, his clerk 
iticcd tlic Judge looking miserable and de- 
' , and complaining of want of sleep* This 
■ing about two o'clock he heard a tail and 
I in the direction of the Jiidge^s rntim, 
entering found him lying wounded on 
flic floor slightly conscious. He survived 
<Mil7 1 few minutes. tJ>»her evidence given at 
tbe coroner's inquest showed that the deceased 
hid long liceti suffering from ailments dcmand- 
mi; ml and relaxation. Mr. Justice Willes 
«!• bom in 1S14, CiUed to the bar of the 
Inner Temple in iS40» when he went the 
Home Circuit ; in 1850 he was appointed a 
mesTtber of the Common Law Commis&ion, and 
~ lo the bench as puisne judge of the 

t of Common Pleas in 1855. 
Mr. Butt adfiresses his constituents at 
nerick on Home Rule, pressing it as the 
loi the IrLsh people to present to Kngland 
Tfer of A federal union under which they 
I hftve the full nght of managing all Irish 
affliiVi while they were willing to join with 
Englani] on equal leans in the management of 
Iflptiiaf affairs. As ro how he expected to 
'^—*~ Home Rule, Mr iJutt said the next 
cicciion would, if Irishmen were true, 
cm from seventy to eighty members 
Id Home Rule. He thought in hh 
that if they returned eighty niem- 
fleJged to Home Rule^ the cause was 
He believed, he said, the great majo- 
ihc Insh people wtnild be perfectly 
I with a form of goveniuienl Ihat would 
^ ibcra the perfect and free man.igemeni of 
ijwn nlTatrs; and that if the people of 
' d teparaiion. it was because 
B|l t was the only way of gaining 




— Died at Walmer, aged 86, Field-Marshal 
Sir George Pollodk, GX,B., Coiiiiable of the 
Tower, and engaged in important services in 
Nepaul in 1S17, and Afghanistan in 1 842-3, 
when he forced the Khyber Pass, and rehevcd 
the garrison at Jclblabad. He routed the 
Afghan?, released the prisoners, and carried 
the English flag in triumph to Cabul. (See p. 
119.) For these service Sir Ge^irge rec^ved 
the thanks of both Houses of Parliament, and 
was made first a member of the Supreme 
Council of India, and then a Crown member 
of the Court of Directors. Sir George was 
buried with honour in Westminster Abbey on 
the 1 6th. 

— Died, aged 65, Lieu tenant -Colonel Robert 
Wylie, late Military Secretary to the Govern- 
ment of India. 

O* — Religious ceremony a I Lourdes, in 
honour of the appearance of the Virgin, at- 
tended by 40,000 '* pilgrims" from all parts of 
France. 

7, — Explosion in the Deep Pit of Marley 
Colliery, near Dcwsbury, causing the death of 
thirty 'four workmen out of forty-five employed 
in the scam where the accident occurreiL The 
origin of tlie calamity was ascribed to the 
incautious use of matches by several of the 
miners to light their pipes. 

0, — The State elections in Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, Indiana, and Nebraska carried by Re- 
publicans. 

— The twelfth Church Congress opened at 
Leeds, under the presidency of the Bishop of 
Kiixin. A stormy discussion took place on 
the loth, on " The just principle of ihe Church's 
comprehensiveness in matters of doctrine and 
ritual," when a member present, whodcscribcl 
himself as Ijclonging to the Protestant Reformed 
Church of England, mentioned other speakers 
as talking like Roman Catholics. Scores of 
clergymen bawled and gesticulated, ajid the 
President for some time could neither direct 
nor check the disorder, 

11.— Republican rising at Fcrrol, in Spain. 

— Died, aged 66, his Exec tic ncy Buroji 
de Beaulieu, Belgian Minister at thi Court of 
St James's, 

— Bonds and coaponi to the amount of 
40,000/. stolen from the house of John Allan, 
Derby Terrace, Glasgow, during ihc absence 
of the family. The ihcft was afterwards traced 
to a man named Eraser, and the bci.QS re- 
covered in a quarry on the Garcloch. 

111.— On the subject of Home Rule for 
Ireland Farl Russell writes : — ** I fear, If an 
Irish Parliament is set up in Ireland, all hci 
energies will be wasted in political contention, 
I therefore wish to divert the forces which 
might give heat and comfort instead of con* 
cent rating them in a manner to prodt&ce n 
conilagralion* T\x\fc if. \W mm^TvtEjt»^T^i«ai 
the Irbh twtttTt \% v> \*t^ XsAaxshTOaXiV > to^. 1 



ff 



OCTOBER 



1872. 







be 

m 



irefers a bonfire to ttie warmth of % moderate 
re. I fear, however, that wisdom will be 
inting both in England and Ireland." 

ia»— Died, aged 70. Vladimir Dahl, com- 
pileT cf a *' Diclumary of the living Ru&^ian 
Tongue," and historiAn of Muscovite folk-lore. 

— rrincc Naputcon expelled from France 
ly order of M. Thiers. He arrived at Geneva 
indcr an escort next day* 

IS. — Died at Kilmoran Casllc, aged 79, 
ir David Baxter, a generous Dundee mer' 
chant. 

— Died, aged 77, Albany William Fon* 
iblanque, formerly proprietor and editor of 
jfhe Examitur^ and latterly heAd of the Statls- 
Ctical Department of the Board of Trade. 

14-. — Mr, J. S. Mill, writing from Avignon, 
explains to a Notltnghain association his views 
on their programme described in ** The Law of 
the Revolution.'' "There is no real thing 
called 'the revolution,* nor any •principles of 
the revolution.* There are maxims which your 
assodatioti, in my opinion, rightly considers to 
be eisential to just government ; and there is 
a tendency, Increasing as mankind advance* in 
Intelligence and education, toward*, the adoption 
if the doctrine* of just government. These are 
all the fncts there are in the case, and the more 
clearly and unambiguously these, and nothing 
but these, are stated, the better people will 
under«.tAnd one another, and the more dis- 
^^ tinctly tliey will see what they are disputing 
^Kabont and what they are avowed to prove. . . . 
^^n cannot conclude without expressing the great 
^^bleasure with which 1 have seen the full and 
^^Ehoroughgoing rerogniuon by your Ixkly of the 
^Hclaim of women to equal rights in every respect 
^Hwtth men, and of minorities proportionately to 
^Vtheir numbers with majorities, and its advocacy 
r of the federal principle for the security of this 
! last/* 

— Opening of the new Japan railway from 
Jeddo to Yokohama. 

lift. — Tn the course of an audience at 

Balmoral, I^rd Hathcrley formally surrenders 

the Great Seal, and is succeeded by Sir R. 

Palmer, now I-ord Scl borne. In taking leave 

t^of his constituents at Richmond, the latter 

rrotc; — **In the high office to which her 

vfajesty has been pleased to call me I tnist I 

fhiay be enabled, uy God^a blessing^ so to act 

not to forfeit yotir good opinion, nor give 

any cause to regret that my name nas 

een so long associated with ilie borough of 

Richmond.'* 

Died, aged 49. Rev, John Purchas, of 
Bt. James's Chapel^ Bricfhton, a ritualist leader 
whose ca*e had repeatedly occupied the atten- 
tion of the Judicial Committee of Privy 
Council. 

— Dscd, somewhat unexpectedly, the Countess 
hnry^ cl Jest daughter of the late 

Ptlmcrfton, by her ^nt marriage 



IS. — Unveiling of a statue erected to the 
mem<7ry of Sir Hjimphrey Davy at Pemance, 
where the great natural philosopher was bom 
in 1778. 

— The Coont dc Chambord write to La 
Rochette from Ebcnrweycr :— **As a whole 
France is Catholic and Monarchical; it b for us 
to caution it agninst errors, to j>oint out the 
rocks, and to direct it towards the port. I 
trust that 1 trnve never failed in that sacred 
duty, and no one will ever he able to seduce 
me from my path. I have not one word to 
retract, not an act to regret, for they have all 
been inspired by love of my country ; and I 
insist upon my share of responsibility in the 
advice which 1 give to my friends. The d»iy of 
triumph is still one of God's secrets, but have 
confidence in the mission of France, Europe 
has need of it, the Papacy has need of it, and 
therefore the old Christian oatioa cannot 
perish/* 

— Mr. J, A. Froude, presently lecturing 
to American audiences on the poHiical relations 
between England and Ireland, eiitertatned at a 
banquet in Delmonico's, New York, by literary 
men and publishers. 

16.— Foreign Office circular issued to 
Chambers of Commerce explanatory of the 
negotiations with France relative to the new 
Commercial Treaty. 

— Died at Boston, aged 61, Mrs. Prrton, 
sister of N. P. Willis, and widely koowm in 
literary circles under the mam Jt plnmt of 
*' Fanny Fern,'* 

— The Emperor of China married at Pekin* 
There was no public ceremony outside the 
palace, beyond the procession to bring the 
bride, the Lady Aluto, daughter of Chimgchi, 
a doctor of the Imperial Academy. 

17, — Correspondence with Russia regarding^ 
the disputed Afghan boundaries. Earl Gran- 
ville writes to-day that her Majesty's Govern- 
ment considers as fully belonging to the Ameer 
of Cabul (1) Badak4ian, with its dependent 
district of Wakhnn from the Sarikol t Woods 
Lake) on the east to the junction of the Kokcha 
River with tlie Oxus (or Penjah), fom>ing the 
northeni boundary of this Afghan province 
throughout its entire extent, (2) Afghan Tur- 
kestan, compriMng the districts of Kunduz, 
Khulm, and Baikh, the northern lioundary of 
which would be the line of the Oxus from the 
junction of the Kokcha River to the ix>stof the 
Khoja Saleh, incl«»ivc on the high road from 
Bokham to Balkh. Nothing to be claimed by 
the Afghan Ameer on the left bank of the 
Ostuf below Khoja Saleh, (3) The internal 
districts of Aksha, Seripool, Mairaenat, Shib- 
bcrjan, and Andkoi, the latter of which would 
be the extreme Afghan frontier possession to 
the north-west, the desert beyond belonging to 
independent tribes of Turcomans. (4) The 
westem Afghan frontier bet wee" Icn- 

cies of Herat and thos^e of die F .nice 

nf KhQraae.an U wcU kuowiu ami nr i.^ mji Uef^ 



7BBK 



1872, 




OCTOBEl 



ddiiiinL Prince Gortsciutkofis reply to 

^ilcsT^atcli, of rlaTcSt Petcrsbu!^, December 

it li Kaufuiatin, owing to 

i been unable lo carry 

\ rnvci-ti^anoii .^^ spcttlily 05 ihc Kuisinn 

tbaa mc British Govfrnment dt irtd, 

clostons iJnwn by the Russian Govcrn- 

Bt did not much differ substoJit tally from 

: of the UritL&h Government, but Russia 

bic to find any traces of sovereignty 

by the Ameer ol Cabul over Badak- 

■^ 'in ; ** on the contrary^ all our 

! the subject gcies to prove that 

_ uL>u]d be regarded as mdepcnd- 

r,— Mr. Justice Denman Mvom into tbe 
faicftnt jud*;c!>lnp in the Court of Common Pleas. 

^— The Prince of Wales, now on a visit 
\ llic Earl uf Tanker\"inc, engngcs in a wild 
Itttni in Chill inj^ham Forebt, and brings 
'Ljprhh hiit riile ihe king of tlie herd^ about 
\kt% aid and weighing upwards of sixty 

^ Lortt Nofthbrook bulds a public durbar 
M t*mliaIbL. In a brief address the Viceroy 
prfctreti to the loss ^hlch the native princes 
luti MBilLained by the death of Lord Mayo, and 
thatikcil ihem for their prompt action on the 
\ ol ihe Kooka outbreak. 



— A Great Eastern express train runs off 
lh« liae at a cutting near Kelvedon, killing one 
pctioiv injnring twenty othcrS| and destroying 
fcreral carriages. 

Died suddenly at Campbeltown, Dr, 
nl^yson, Scotch clergyman. 

I*— Died at Auburn, aged 70, W. IF. 
J« kUe Foreign Secretary for the United 

Colttsion betireen two minersJ trains at 
scmse Ju«^ion» near Sheffield, causing 
K of iJi engine driver and slokerj w ilh 
4lamagc to rolling slock. 

— \ man and woman, names unknown, 

.\^»,A ,n 'i--r 1 ..i.Ti.,,r. in Golden Square. 

was on the taldc. 

lis hondwriiingj a 

a«i ia»giJsi* iM iltcfolloviing effect : — **Otir 

Hrdt. U'e wUh the trunk and the contents 

li\ MrH» Cunninghom in return far 

1 her, Tlje rcit may H:rve to 

1 f^if^funcml. Nobody is to 

AS ok strychnine, and we 

refii vvn. We have done no 

4ii)UKiy. O Ijord, forgive us all, 

Ion uji, for Thine tn6nite mercies. We 

r ' Mrs. Cunninghflta 

'>t for the buriaL 

... . . , ,. the valley of the 

h, 1 will fear tio evil ; for Thou 

TTir rod nn 1 Thy staff ihcy com- 

V dt'ricnption which 

I the perso.is wcit 

oni inr .Tjntiiranc* 0> tJlCl^tC in 

number ol p.iptrs were ticslrovcd 



tlo 



aid h»ii 1 

uAft, but ( 

room a 



before suicide was committed. A rumour 
was afterwards circubled that the bodies were 
these of Captain and Mrs. Douglas, Richmond* 

10. — ^The BafatfKr steamer, the largest of 
the vciisels of the Netherlands Steam Packet 
Company, run into in Barking Reach by the 
Turkish screw man*of>war Charkec, and sank 
in a few minutes. 

— New chapel at Rngby School conse- 
crated by the Bishop of Worcester, 

fiO.^Found dead 'in his bed at Geneva, 
Dr. Merle d^Aubigne, the historian of the 
Reformation. The vtmerablc divine was in bii 
79th year. 

— Died in his lodging* near Tottenham 
Court Road, Dr. Fr«iderick Wclwitsch, a high 
authority on the flora of Africa, 

m. — Telegraphic communication between 
London and Adelaide completed. 

— Panic in Mengler^a Circus, ShefBeld, 
caused by the falling of a gallery during an 
acrobatic perfonnance. 

— The council of the Royal Geographical 
Society, with some officers of the late Abyssinian 
Expedition, cnlcrlain Mr. Henry M, Sianley 
at a banquet in. Willis's Rooms, It was 
anrounced by the chairman, Sir H. Raw- 
linson^ that the Society had that day decreed to 
Mr. Sianley tlie Victoria Medal of 1872. 

— The Emperor of Gennany, as arbitrator 
in the San Juan difficulty, gives an award that 
the claims of the United States fully accord 
with the true inlerprelation of the treaty uf the 
15th of June, 1S46, and that the boundar)- line 
has, therefore, to nin through the Ilaro 
Channel. 

ftfl. — Died, aged 54, George Mason, A.R. A., 
a prominent English landscape-painter. 

— Died, aqcd 82, Simon Thomas ScFopft 
of Danby Hal!, York, the representative of a 
house w hich during the last 300 years produced 
two earls, twenty barons, one Chancellor, f*>ur 
Treasurers, two Chief Justices of England, live 
Knights of tlie Garter, and numerous baronets. 

fl3.— Died at Paris, aged 61, M. Theophile 
Gautier, dramatist and journalist. 

S4. — Addressing his constituents at Exeter, 
Sir John Coleridge said that no Ministry in the 
world ever fulfilled the expectations that were 
raised about it, and no man that ever lived, not 
Pitt, nor Peel, nor Palmcrston, ever maintained 
Ihe power with which he b^n. It therefore 
wculd not surprise him, Sir John Coleridge 
*aid, if after four years of administmtioii the 
foes of the Government were found to be more 
active and its friends somewhat more <lisunited 
than in the winter of 1 868, The Totiei were 
always united. ITicre are five hundred wnyi 
of going forward, but one way of standing gtil I, 
To stand sldl and observe the Govcmmenl 
hcemcd to be their Ucit idea of a policy, 'la 

VtTA 




' -"^ffle^" 



CTOBEX 



\6j2. 



JfOP'f.AIBEK 



K 



(cU the pcrsoiii who listen to them lUat the 
Government has alienated the colonies and 
humiliated the country is about the limit of 
Ihcir topics. Now, neither of those charges 
was true. The colonies are not alienateti, and 
'ic could see no trace anywhere of the waning 
influence of England in her altitude toward 
foreign Powers. ** I see none, for instance*" 
he said, **in the eafjemc&s of the French 
Government to conclude the new French 
Treaty. I can see none at all even in the 
Treaty of Washington, or in the Geneva award. 
I admit there is a good deal in the caustic lan- 
guage of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. I 
admit that there is still more in the splendid 
specimen of reason and eloquence which we 
owe to the matured vigour and esttraordinary 

?ower9) of the Lord Chief Justine of England, 
admit that there is a good deal in this and 
other things to make an Englishinao's fac^ hot 
and his mood to tingle. I admit that when 
one reads some of the Americsm argumeots, 
though I am a man of peace, my fingers itch. 
I admit that it is not a matter for great pride* 
but it i% a matter for acquiescence. I cannot 
help feeling that on the whole we are weU out 
of a bad busineis," 

ft0. — Lord Westbury, ts arbitrator in the 
liquid.ilion of the European Insurance Com- 
pany, decide* that shareholders who ynder the 
clecd of settlement had a portion of the divi- 
^^dends accredited to them, as an addition lo the 
^Bptmount paid by them on uncalled capital^ are 
^^Rniitled to have that amount detlucted from the 
^^Bmount of uncalled capital for which they are 
^Hliable. 

^^ — John Dorringtoni described as Master of 
Ripley College, Derbyshire, sentenced at Marl- 
borough Street Police Court lo two months' 
im]>risonmenl u ilh hard labour for fraudulently 
obtaining charitable subscriptions, 

87.— Died, aged 6i, Sir Alexander Duff 
Gordon, Commissioner of Inland Revenue, 

flO. — Died, aged 80, Miss Jeffrey, a grand* 
daughter of Flora Macdonald, companion for 
a time of Prince Charles Stuart in his High- 
land wanderings after Ctdloden. 

— Two Roman Catholic Bishops opnsecrated 
with great ceremony at Sal ford. 

ad. — Died, aged 57, John Ghuhb, inventor 
and maker of the well-kjiown locks which bear 
his name. 
I — Died at Oxford saddenly, ThomasCombe, 

^^^.A.f printer to the Untverriity of Oxford, 
^^Knd founder of St Barnabas' Church and the 
^^^hapci of the Radcliffe Infirmary. 

— Died at ILirtrig^ Lonl Kinlocb, Senator 
of the College of Justice, Edinburgh, 

— The Suez Canal Company er«ct a monu- 
ment at Sucr to the memory of Lieutenant 
Waghom, the enterprising pioneer of the Over- 
'and and Red Sea Route to India and China. 

Slttjr thcnt9.%nd persons rcf^ortwd to he 
\dcrvrf homeless in /fa!v hv fJ<K?tls^ 



Si. — The Prussian House of Peers, by 145 
lo 18 votes, reject a County Electoral Reform 
Bill, designed to establish local representative 
institutions in the rural districts. Count Eulen- 
bcrg afterwards announced that the King was 
resolved to pass the measure, and would 
immediately dose the session, 

— At a luncheon given by the Lord Provoat 
of Edinburgh, Mr. H. M. Stanley charges Dr, 
Kirk with speaking harshly of Dr. Livingstone. 

— Died, aged 57, fohn Francis Maguire, 
M.P. for Cork, and editor of the Ci>rk £>- 



NoT«mber l.--Th« Oxfoid Music Hall 
destroyed by fire. 

^ — Field-Marshal Sir Wdliam M, Gorom. 
G,C.B., gazetted Constable of the Tower and 
Custos Rolulorum of the Tower Hamlets. 

— Dinner in Willis's Rooms, presided over 
by Earl Stanhope, to Mr. W. J. Thorns on 
the occasion of his retirement from the editor- 
ship of AW/i and Qufrits, which he had held 
since its commencement in November 184^ 
On the same evening a dinner was given in the 
same place by the Royal Geographical Society 
to Sir Bartlc Frere. previous to setting out on 
his special mission to Zaodbar. 

— The trial of Mayor Hall at New York 
for participation in the Tammany frauds ends 
in the discharge of the jury on account of their 
not being able to agree upon a verdict* They 
WCTc locked up from 9,30 p.m. on the 3i5t of 
October till 11 A. M. on the following day, and 
it was reported in court that they had spent the 
night in political discussion* 

fl. — The MorniMg Post announces that it 
enters this day on the loist year of its existence, 
itj principles having been during that time 
uniformly *' loyal and national," 

— Launch of the //tinsa, the first German 
ironclad built in a German dockyard. 

— Unveiling of the statue erected to the 
memory of Sir Walter Scott in the Mall of the 
Central Park, ^:cw York. 

3. — Sunday meeting in Hyde Park to de- 
mand the release of Fenian prisoners. 

— Rev, C. Voyscy celebrates in St. George's 
Hall, Laipgham Place, for the first lime, the 
service of "de<l»caLion and benediction of 
children,'* a substitute for the ancient ceremony 
of baptism, 

— Correspondence bettr— ♦H'» Duke of 
Marlborough and the Attoi 1 regard- 
ing the eviction of certain from the 
Blenheim 'c»tate, "The Duke" writes Sir 
John, ** denies that his estates huve ei^er been 
gianted by the State. It is har<^' m con- 
troversy; but I was under the 1 'iat 
they were granted arv^ ........ ,^^ i by 

Act of I'arlianicnt so- '4 Blen* 

hcim. U I am w run- r>c hai»pf 



Wbm&kr 



1872. 



NOVEMBER 




The Duke says I am 'pleased 
1 Tory duke,' and seems annoyed 
Inife done so. I meant no mnre ofTence 
ihsn tie woitld mean if he cailed me a Liberal 
Anofinnr'GeiteraL 1 have heard the gre^at 
Itaflftr m whose Cabinet he ^rve<l speak of 
tinttif as 'the leader of the Tory party in the 
lIlMM of Commons ; ^ but, as the Duke objects 
ll the epithet, I regret that I used it, and shovdd 
1 hare cKcasion to allude to him again in pul.ilic 
1 m^U take care to avoid it/' To this the 
Dvkii niaide answer ; — "What I denied H'as 
itollie 'vast estates' to which he alluded in 
hb fpcedi in connection m ith my cottage pro' 
[y had ever been so granted. I beg to refer 
10 5 and 4 Anne, cap. 6, an Act to enable 
""jitcen, bv letters patent, to grant to the 
of Marfborourh the honour and manor 
ock and Hundred of Wootton. He 
•ec the identical lands granted, with 
^mes and admeasurements, and will be 
to fonn his own opmk)n what proportion 
bear to the total acreage of my landed 
iperty. For the information of the public I 
/ say that they arc almost exclusively park^ 
^afeamfe-^rounds, and woods, and comprise 
BlSe otcr 500 acres outside and adjoining the 
|9rlc ittelf ; and, with the exception of lodges 
ind keepers' houses, there are no cottages whal- 
rrrr upon the Lands in question. The At tomc^- 
Ccsmil, if he cares to peruse this Act, will 
perfiaps be candid enough to admit that he has 
beeii iDduiging in the same strain of rhetoric to 
wfcidi in his letter of to-day he has already 
^Lmled guilty." 

^^■^#. — Anti'slavery meeting at the ^fansion 

^^Brmse, ca1l4HJ to strengthen the mission about 

^^fche undertaken by Sir Bartie Frere to suppress 

^^be s}ave trade on the East Coast of Africa. 

■ — Discovery of human remains at Croplon» 

near Pickering, Yorkshire, supposed lo be those 

of Joseph Wood and his Ron James, tenants of 

I the farm, who had been missing since May last, 

' aod whose residence was now occupied by a 

person named Chiirter, pretending lo have 

ithorit)' to act for the Woods. 

•. — Dr. Cook son. Master of St PclerV 

'ollegc, elected Vice-Cbanccllor of Cambridge 

^niversity by 40 votes against 26 tendered for 

^r. Atkinson, Master of Clare CuUege. 

— The new Libraiy and Museum erected !jy 

le Corporation of the City of London opened 

the Lord Chancellor in the presence of 

ly 2,000 guests. Lord Selbomc. in a brief 

dress, dwelt on the teal for education which 

the City of London had uniformly manifested, 

rven as far back as what were sometimes called 

the dark agea,'* and said that in building this 

utiful hbrary the City %vas only adding the 

ig touch to a work which had been going 

iistently for ages. The speech of the 

Itancellor was received throughout with 

ihu^insm, and^ at its close, his lordship 

ducted through the building, and in* 

the works of art and objects of anti* 

irian intirresl there displayed. The Crypt 



and the Guildhall itself, both bnlltanliy Ughteo, 
were also thrown open to visitors. 

5.— Electors for the Presidential contest in 
America chosen for the diflfcrent States, the 
number being equal to the Senators and Repre- 
sentatives sent by erxh. Large mnjoritieii 
found to vote for Grant and Wilson, the former 
carrying thirty States with 278 votes against 
Mr. Greeley's seven States with 74 votes. 

— A young hippopotamus, afterwards known 
as*' Guy Fawkes," bo-n in the Zoological 
Gardens, Regent^s Park^ 

6. — Died, aged 80, Thomas Keighlley. 
author oi *♦ Fairy Mythology" and various 
histories. 

— AL Rochefort granted a temporary re- 
lease from prison for the purpose of marrying 
the mother of his illegitimate children, under- 
stood to be dying at Versailles. 

7.-;-Mr, E. L Reed, replying to criticisma 
on his recent letters on the Navy, writes \ — 
*^ In spite of our recent and even present 
strength, so many powerful ships are springing 
up abroad ibat we arc falling astern in the 
chase, and by our total inaction, extending now 
over years, are losing even the chance of com- 
peting. I have not sought to excite apprehen- 
sion of imminent danger. My forecasts neces- 
sarily go into the future, and I maintain that, 
looking to the future, ovir recent policy has 
been involving us in very »«rioua rt«ks and dis- 
advantages*" 

B, — In his closing visitation at Tonbridge, 
the Archbishop of Canterbury expressed his 
gratification that the Church of England hail 
worthy and prominent re present.! lives at the 
recent meeting of the Old Catholics at Cologne ; 
and while sympathizing with the endeavours 
that have been made and arc still making to 
promote a better uiiderstnnding among llie 
Episcopal Churches, he looked back with 
pleasure to what he did ten years ago as Bishop 
of London towards giving a kindly welcome 
lo pastors from Germany, from France, from 
SwitiXTland, and from the Waldcnsian valleys. 
He recognized the fiict that, both historically 
and docirinally, the Church of England has 
affinities to very difFercnt forms of Christian 
thought and organization, and contended that 
these varierl alTinitics give the Church a parti- 
cular fitness foraticmj>ting the work of recon- 
ciliation. The Archbiihop also took occasion 
to speak of the comprehensiveness of the Church 
of England as combining the perfection of civil 
and ecclesiastical society : ** There are certain 
names which occur to us of famous ministers of 
the Church of England — Archbishop Whatcly, 
Thomas Arnold, Frederick Denison Maurice, 
Frederick Robertson — to name only those who 
have gone to their rest. These arc not the 
names of the clergy who are the most popular 
throughout England ; but I am bold to main* 
tain that they are the namtt of men who have 
done a good work in their day and generation, 
for their very v^TCscnct; a.mvi\\^ u% \va& W«sv v 




187: 



NOVEMBER 



Stat 



Standing protest agaiast any notion that inqu?ty 
and a fearless love of truth can be inconsistent 
with the Gospel which we preach. If thcs€ 
men had lived under another system and in 
another nge» it might have been vety difficult to 
say what would have become of them. They 
certainly could not have joined the Church of 
Rome without crushini; their convictions, as 
many have done in past agtrs under the weight 
of overwhelming tyrjinuy, or seeking relief from 
iheir doubts and scruples by a silence akin to 
death. But, al^o, I say that these men could 
not well have found a home in any of the ordi- 
nary sects which exist among us. It is then, I 
Rra bold to say, no blame to the Church of 
England, but rather it may be its pride, that it 
ta able to inclose within its fold the raoat active 
and inquiring intellects, and that it has no fear 
lest a bold exami nation of truth should destroy 
those truths of God in which it teaches men to 
*iope for tlieir salvation." 

-Chilons evacuated by the Germans^ 

_ — The Catitfi sets forth the details of the 
"new Commercial Treaty with France, Article 2 
stating that the President of the French Rc- 
ublic having represented to her Majesty that 
he financial nece^^iiies of France imperatively 
equire the imposition of new taxes in that 
country, and the modtficaiion for that purpose 
of the tariflTsiipulaiions previously in force, her 
Majesty, in "a spirit of fricndtthip towards 
France," consents to such roodificatjon* The 
j^^^ntracting parties guarantee to each other the 
^Breatment of the most favoured nation. The 
^^Brovisions with regard to larifTs arc to remain in 
^^nrce until the 1st of January, 1S77, and those 
^Hlrith regard to navigation until the 1st of July, 
^1879. 

— Vice-Chancellor Bacon gives judgement 
in the case of the assignees of the Countess 

j d'Alteyrac against the estate of the late Lord 

l\^i] lough by d'Ercsby. Under the award of 

Ir. Vernon Harcourt, the Countess was to 

ceivc a capital sura of 5,000/. in respect of 

action, and Lord Willoughby d'Eresby to 

title upon her an annuity of 1,200/. within a 

time, and in the event of his failing to 

gaily secure it to her, an additional payment 

100/. a month was awarded until the annuity 

Iras purchased by his lordship. The annuity 

having l>een purchased, the payment of 

4, d month was made until the death of his 

► in Augfiist 1870. In t86o the Countess 

as adj!idicatcd a banlifupi, and her assignees 

adc the present claim. It was contended 

hat ibe assignees were only entitled to the value 

T the nnnuity as if it had been purchi\se<l on the 

Dy of his lor^hhip^s death, and also that the 

ounless was not entitled to tlie additional pay- 

cnts of 100/. a month, as ihcy \*ere in the 

ftiure of penalties, and therefore void. Tlie 

?ire-Chanrcllor held that the assignee* were 

^ ' ^nvean nnm " ' ; ' 1, 

/ thedl^y of 

, jrubJe in pu: -u^.,^^ ^. ...v ..u-»..i* 

io/6 



9,- — Commencement of afire in Boston, V.S , 
laying waste a large portion of tlie business part 
of the city, and causing gigantic loss to those 
engaged in commerce. It broke out in the 
evening at the corner of Summer Street and 
Kingston Street, ran along Summer Street botii 
ways to the north-west and to the south east, 
increased greatly in intensity by a violent north- 
westerly gale. Block after Idock of substantial 
Cnite buildings crumbled before its fury. By 
r o*clock on Sunday morning (loih) twenty- 
two squares were destroyed, the burnt district at 
that time covering about sixty acres, bounded 
by Summer Street on the south-west, Big 
Broad Street on the south-east, Pearl Street on 
the north-eaAl, Milk Street on the north, and 
Washington Street on the north-west. The 
Boston Fire Department was crippled by the 
epidemic among the horses, this also preventing 
to a great extent the removal of the goods. Aid 
summoned from Worcester, Providence, New 
York, Fall River, Lowell, Lynn, and other 
towns, was promptly sent. All the railways 
coming into Boston ran fast trains, bringing 
firemen fn>m the n?' '' nny 

companies arriving 1" ng. 

The police being unaL.. . .....„;: :.:, the 

United States troops and marines stationed 
there were ordered on duly. Extensive 
plundering went on during the confusion ; and 
200 thieves, some of them women, were 
arrested. The loss of life was heavy, but it 
was impossible to tell the number accurately. 
Tlie old South Church, the most interestmi' 
monument in Boston, where Warren defied the 
Royal authority, delivered his oration on the 
Boston massacre, where reshlance to the tea- 
tax was organized, and for a century and 
a hnlf the election sermons were prencljcd to 
the Governors of Massachusetts, was among 
the buildings dcstroyetl. Lallcrly the pnigrcas 
of the fire could only be arrested by blowing up 
blocks of valuable property. At noon on 
Sunday it was believed the fire was under 
control, after lasting for twenty hours and de- 
stroying seventy acres of buildings. Shortly 
after midnight, however, Hames broke out 
again, owing to cxploMons of gas, and destroyed 
six more large stores with the Exchange and Post 
Office, In all it was reported that 959 buildingi 
were destroyed, 125 being private buildings; 
31^ persons were rej>orled killed, 2,045 iirmi 
and indisHduals suffeietl pcctmiary lois. The 
insurances were estimated at 48,000,000 dols., 
half the policies being in Ntassadiusctls com- 
panies. 

— Mr. H. M. Stardey, the discoverer of 
Dr. Livingstone, leaves Liverpool for America. 

— At the Lord ^fayor*s banquet to-night, 
Earl Gransnlle, in the absence of Mr. Gladstone 
through indisposition, devoted the greater part 
of his speech to ihe new commercial treaty, 
declaring his l>elief that its principle ami sub* 
stance are i " ' ' r ide» 
On the sui 'To* 




IMBKR 



1872. 



1 



NOVEMBEfi 



Ital they might be considered the most 
CtrWed set of public tnen he had ever 
auid be had no doubt they would 
iintain that character IfU they reached what 
i trusted would be an honourable death. 

^.' — Hank rate raised from 6 per cent, dt 
it was fixed on the loih October, to 
r rent- 

-Hadley's City Flour Mitl« in Upper 
Street, near Black friars EriJgc, dc- 
liffjFfvA bv fire. The buildings lowering high 
tbm all It? tiei^hlwurs, and (>iefccfl it was said 
«iih4j:> ., was built in accordance with a 

1 I wa^s thought that a fim if it 

oke w... ..=.^.ii be strictly confined lo that 
Ift in which it origin.iled. The floors sprang 
liicfly from massive pillars of stone resting on 
ndAtiotis of the utmost solidity, and each 
Dry was supported by iron girders of great 
jth. The fire was observed about 7 a.m., 
and after this the floors one by one grariually 
Pitt way from the top, falling on each other^ 
and fo bursting out the waUs. One fireman 
\ kiUed. 

— The golden wedding of the King and 
Queen of Saxony celebrated at Dre^iden in 
" r of a great gathering of princes and dis- 

Aheii persons including the Emperor and 
ss of Gcrroany. Bishop Forwork pro* 
i the benwUction, concluding by as King 
' and Queen» ** Do you promise, in the 
fCod, to remain true till the end uf your 
the indissoluble tie entered into fifty 
I ago^ and, with a^niugal unity and mutual 
to serve God until God you do part ? " 
King and Queen answered in a loud voice, 
esi^*' Thrreupon the priestly blessing was 
.towed. The whole parly proccctlcd to the 
in Church, where Te Denm was sung 
rifle firing and salvoes of artillery. 

11- — Sir James Hannen, one of the justices 
of the Court of Queen's Bench* appointed to 
Trobate and Divorce Court, in room of 
Fenxance, resigned. 

19, — M. Thiers delivers his Presidential 

asageto the National Assembly at Vcrsai'lc*, 

;!i *. of a commercial and fmancial 

ing the condition of France in 

t. ^. .. terms. Respecting finance he 

anticipateti a deficit of abcuit ijomilUoiu for 

Ihe current vcar, but thought a surplus of 

t 80 millions of francs might be calculated 

for 1873. Regarding the Treaty of Cnm- 

id that Englnnd hal ' ' to 

! the year 1S76 her I ^m 

^^- /,-... J with other countries ii: nost 

^ nfttioo clause. The duiy on raw 

was to be cnforce<l in March next, 

\A other duties to come into operation on the 

I of December in the present year. M. 

Ill I - -.^yj^^ J ** We draw near 

'. ihe form of this Rc- 

._ ... /an incidental form, given 

W and repcwing upon your wisdom and 

Mh the po%rer which yon have 




temporarily chosen. But the public mind is 
awaiting your action. AH are asking what day 
and what form you will select in order lo give 
to the Republic that conservative strength with 
which she cannot dispense. It is for you to 
choose both the day and the form. The country, 
in delegating to you its powers, has evidently 
laid upon you the task of saving it, by procuring 
for it^ first, peace, after peace order, and wilh 
order the restoration of its power ; and, lastly, 
a regular Govenimcnt.'* 

l^. — Twentv-t%vo lives lost by the flooding 
of the Kelsall Hall Colliery, Walsall At the 
time of the accident thirty men and boys were 
in the mine in various parts of the workings. 
These bad gone to tlieir work, as usual, at half- 
past six in the morning, and at nine had the 
customary tnter\'al of half an hour for breakfast. 
During this brief interval an immense volume 
of water suddenly burst into the mine and 
poured with greot force through the workings. 
1 uo men named Stanley and Siarkey were the 
first to perceive the inundation and gave the 
signal to be drawn up. On reaching the bank 
they announced thai the pit was Hooded, The 
cage was at once let down with an exploring 
party, who found that ihe water was already 
ascending ihe shaft, and on the surface of the 
flood nine men and boys were with extreme 
difficulty keeping themselves afloat. They 
clutched with great eagerness at the cage as it 
nearcd the water, and all of them were rescued. 
The others still remained scattere^l in ihe various 
workings of the mine. Notwithstanding the 
apparent impossibility of reaching any of the«ie, 
the cage was let down a second lime. But the 
explorers found to their dismay that the water 
in the shaft had risen to such a height as lo 
render approach to the men possible by no other 
means ihan the prodigiously dlfhcult task ol 
pumping the whole volume of water out of the 
mine. This went on for several days, as much 
as 1,000 gallons per minute being raised at one 
time by the pumping apparatus ; but even this 
did not permit the rescue of any of the workmen 
left in the pit, A t>out five o'clock on the morning 
of the 2oth, three workmen forced their way 
about 160 yards from the bottom, and found 
eighteen of the missing miners. Ten lay upon 
the floor of the mine, seven others were crowded 
together in a sitting posture on two tubs, and 
the eighteenth, an old man named Starkey, was 
just beyond. 1 heir clothes were dry, and Ihc 
appearance of the place showed that water had 
never reached their level, an<l that death must 
therefore have resulted from choke-damp. 

19. — A recent case of **tunding*' at Win- 
chester leading to a controversy on the subject 
of ** fagging '' at public schools, the *' Victim ** 
writes m defence of the system : ** The punish- 
ment I receive*^ is universally allowed (and 
readily by the Prefect himself) to have been 
excessive j at the same lime 1 firmly believe, 
as everyone else here docs, that ihcie was no 
tyranny or brutality in the matter. On the 
contrary! k was Aonc \x\ ax\\vo\\?^\ ^av\^ 

V — 



mVEMBER 



1S72. 



NOVEMBER 



tn ken impression that serious inmbordlmlion 
, \»AS intended bymyrefAisal to obeyhlin. That 
I Idng the case, 1 consider thai though his action 
rmay in some degree deserve condemnation, he 
I hitnseir and his motives desene resjiect 1 
f may a^Ul that this letter is written entirely of 
\ my own motion and underno compulsion what- 
) ever/* 

Ift.— In the case of Earl Beauchamp v, the 
Overseers of Matlresfield, the Court of Common 
Pleas decide against the right of Peers to vote 
for members of the House of Commons. 

* - The feast of St. Eugenie celebrated at 
Chiielhurst by a great gathering of friends of 
the Hmpire. 

Itt. — Mutiny omong the metropolitan police 
owing to the dismissal of Good child, sec re* 
ary to their movement for increase of pay. 
Kour days later an order was issued dismissing 
109 constables and reiiucing others in rank and 
pay. Inquiry into grievances had previously 
been promised. 

— Public funeral of the ii reman Guernsey, 
who lost his life at the burning of the City 
Flour .Mills. The route to Abney Park 
Cemetery w;is lined with spectators. 

18. — Died, aged 83, Jan>w Capel, the oldest 
member of the Stock Exchange, and formerly 
chairman of the Board of Managers. 

— Questioned by General Chanffamicr as to 
his commend on M. Gambettas Grenoble 
speech > M. Thiers declares that for forty years 
he had fought agiinst Socnalism and Demagogy; 
for the last two years he had shown no Uck of 
energy. ** I was not undecided under the walls 
of Paris/* (Noise.) *' I have not been un- 
decided in repreising the * strikes' — (" Bravo," 
from the Left Centre) ; — but I cannot admit 

^Jiuii 1 ought to be cjllctJ upon to rise here to 
Dfcssion of faith which is rendered 
J my whole career. Let tis be frank. 
t Is not the Grenoble banquet which is the real 
question ; it is something higher. Everylxxiy 
knows what it is that makes you imea^y, 
Well^ since you complain of a Provisional 
Government, make a defintfive one, (Shouts 
of applause from the I^ft and Left Centre.) 
For my own part, I declare that I will 
not reply. If you would have a strong 
Government, say that it is strong, but not that 
it is undecided* No, I will not reply. Since 
you exhibit this distrust of me, I beg of you to 
lose no more time. Proceed at once to a vote. 
I call for a vole of confidence. I demand it 
nstanlly. I am not even afraid to take the 
'ountry as a judge between you and me." 
(Prolongeti nppl.TUse.) A vole of confidence 

I in the Government was ultimately carried by 

[267 to 117 votes, 

ai.— Statue of Qoeen Victoria mweiled at 
f Montreal in presence of the GovernQr-Gencml, 
I Lord Duffcrin. 

-PstuJ /ufhts May, the survivor of what was 
yH-ftA^thc "Chelsea ly.ivvtli/' acguincdat 



the Central Criminal Court of complicity itt th^ 
murder of his friend Nagel ; Mr. Justice Grove 
ruUtig th.at the jury in order to convict must 
be satisfied that the suicide was a joint act in 
which each assisted or encouraged the other. 
The prisoner, now restored to health, was after- 
wards committed on a charge of forgery. 

ill.— Dietl, aged 73, Richard James IJinc, 
A.R.A., one of the two associate engravers ot 
the •* old class "in the Academy. 

— Sir Battle Frere leaves England on hif 
mission to Zans^jbar to negotiate for die sup- 
pression of the East African stave trade. 

&3. — Died at Clarcmont, Exeter, aged So, 
Sir John Bow ring, lirst editor of the H'^st* 
minstfr Rfzirti\ and for many years representa- 
tive of British interests In China. 

— Fifty-six betting men brought before the 
Lord Mayor ; one was fined ^cW., another 5/,, 
and the rest dismissed with a caution. 

fl5. — ^The Rt>)*a2 Ad^laLfe, bound from Lon* 
don to Sydney, wrecked on the Chcsil bank, 
Portland. 

ae.— M. Batbie presents to the Asiembly 
the report of the Kerdrcl Commission ap- 
pointea to consider M. Thiers* Message, 
declaring that " Freedom of delibcrntion, 
concord between the Assembly and the Execu- 
tive, and the dignity of the President of the 
Republic — all these things are motives for or- 
gnniring Ministerial rcisponsibility, and for 
doirtg so without delay. Moreover, unity be- 
tween the puldic powers cannot any longer be 
postponed. Although the observations we have 
made touched upon the position and person of 
M. Thivrs, we have not feared to wound him by 
communicating them to him. We were sure 
that the great historian would not be surprised 
to see the representatives of his country seek, 
means of assuring the value of their voles." 

— Came on for trial at Westminster before 
Mr Justice Brett and a full special jurj', an 
action raised by Mr. Hepworth Dixon against 
the proprietors of the Pali Mall Guztffe for 
libellous criticism contained in an article on 
" Free Russia,*' nnd on the plaintiff's appear- 
ance as president of a meetmg called in St. 
George^s Hall to hear Elder Evans. In the. 
latter he w^as describei,! as the "Shaker's friend," 
and in the former it was said — ** We have 
received from Mr. Hepworth Dixon another ol 
those insolent ingenious letters with which he 
contrives to puff his books — obscene, inaccurate, 
or both — as soon as they apt>ear." The plain- 
li(T was severely crn-- --— - ' ..w,.. . i,...t, ^^ 
accuracy of some of i on 
the propriety of ceri a jects 
set forth in his **Spiniual Wives; ' Sir John 
Karslake on the third day of trial concluding 4 
'speech of over five hours' length with the 
words : " As you say you arc a meml>er of 

high and V- .1 1,... ,1 < ... .ii„., i say you 

have pfci you have 

palmed oi [ hy thii^i 



•fMdi fOtt knew \rcrc works of filrli. You have 
ffjvfljd that high calling to which you belong, 
tnd yrm arc a writer of obscene aiul vnmpcd- 
sp booVs/' Verdict for the plalnl iff"— farthing 



-Sir Donald M*Leod killed on the 
ftctropolitiin Railway when attempting to cnler 
I in motion at Gloucester Road station. 

fc— Died, ageti 6 1, Horace Greeley, an 
lisine American journalist, recently a 
ik\e fur ihc Presidency. 

^led »t Naples, aged 93, Mrs. Mary 
"■ '^ iress of ** The Connection of 
I ices," an honorary member of 
noniical Society, and to the 
ng lA'cekb uf her life a devoted enthusiast 
t higher departments of mathematical 
e. Her last mip>ortant work on Molecular 
id Micro'!icopic science, was published in her 
netieth yc»r, forty -three years after her fir&t 
liblication. 

» ' ^TiCTtcan Scrgcnnt Bates enters 
.valk fn>m the Scottish border 
i flag, 

D«c«9nb«r I* — Royal decree i&Hied ap- 
fvzunting twenty-five new Prussian peers to 
«ccuiY the |ms5ing of the new County Election 

— An effort being nuide to reject Dean 
hley 03 one of the Select Preachers at 
[ford, r>cftn Goulbiim, of Nurwich, writei 
•y (Sunday) that his reason for joining in 
sproie^t was 'hat yoa (Stanley) *' are in the 
ibtt of throwing the whole weight of your 
bigh character, your brilliant abilities and 
%oiir eminent ^xjstiion into the supoort of the 
Raliaaaliitic school— a schtwl whtcn seeks to 
tiiminatc from Chri&tinnity both its doctrinal 
end Hi supematurnl clement, and to reduce it 
to a lystem of mnrnl tnith, illustnited by a 
"right cuAitiplc, .ind which, in regard of the 
iirittcn Wor^ of God, chims the right of ac- 
■iitJng only such parts uf it as approve them- 
4vcs to the natural reason and conscience of 
Ipan. 1 bolii it to be the paramount duty of 
p Churchman and every Christian to take 
lopportunity of entering his protest against 
"cw* of this school, which 1 honestly 
Heve to be undermining the faith of many 
ling men, and paving the way for the t(jtai 
l^n of revealtnl religion. * , . I am 
\ nteans insensible to your amiability and 
Ity, nor to senttnienta of ' Auld lang 
nic.' Our conviciions as to tnith and right 
lifler very widely ; but I can sincc;ely say that 
\ wtih I wtre habiluAlly as true to my convJc* 
Di A« I well know you have atwnyi been to 

d,— Tlie ArdiVil hnp of Canterbury receives 
ticnumal from t!ie clergy 
uthcni Provinces, pr^tying 
rji* r tn »he compulsory rubric 

r in *ry tflau^cs t/f the Atlumasian 



Creed. Of the 3*000 clergymen who signed, 
2,159 did so without any reserve, thus signify- 
ing their desire to leave entirely to the discretion 
of the authorities to determine vhether the 
rubric, or the clauses, or both, shall be altered 1 
421 desired especially the alteration of the 
rubric only — 2iS were for optional use of the 
Atlianasian Creed^ and 203 for its entire disuse 
in public worship j 292 desired only to touch 
the damnatory clauses— 208 asked for their re- 
moval, and 84 for their alteration. 

II* — Strike of 2,400 men employed in the 
London gas-works, the immediately inciting 
cause being thedi&chargc of a ** Union '' stoker 
from the Fulliam retort house. 

— Discussion at Rugby School, the Govern- 
ing Body desiring to express their conviction 
that the course taken throughout by Dr, Hay- 
man in dealing with Mr, Scott has not been 
marked by that spirit of justice which the Cii- 
cumsiances of the case required. 

d. — A paper upon a cuneiform inscription 
setting fortn the Chaldean account ol thu 
Deluge read before the Society of Biblical 
Afchieology, by Mr. George Smith, British 
Museum. 

— The strike of the 2,400 stokers limits the 
supply of gas to only a few streets in the City. 
Ai night closed in the aspect of the West end 
was dismal in the extreme. In many streets it 
was difficult to move along. From tlte after- 
noon no lights could be had at many of the 
underground railway stations, and at seven 
o'clock no little constemalion was occasioncil 
among tlie railway passengers at Ludgalc Hill 
by the suddtn disappearance of all the lights. 
The panic which would almoist certainly have 
occurred was prevented by tlte fact that MessnL 
Spiers and Pond's lights were just suflicicnt to 
trakc the darkness visible. The St, Tamess 
Theatre had to be closed, another had to use 
candles in ** front," and a third was in a state 
of considerable dimness. The letter-carriers 
went about carrying *' bulTs-eye" lamps in one 
hand and their bundles of letters in the other. 
On the Surrey side of the river the gAS was 
burning as usual. 

— Judgment given by I^rd Gifford in 
the Edinburgh Court of Session in the Mwrthly 
marriage o^e, wherein the plaimiff, Mr^. 
Margaret Robertson (formerly Wilson) sought 
to have it declared that she had Ijeeo married 
to and had a son by Major Steaart, only 
son of the late Sir William Steuart, of Murlhly 
and Grandtully, Perthshire, The defen- 
dants were Sir Archibald Douglas Steuart, 
who is heir to Sir William, and Mr. Franc 
Nichols Steuart, who had been butler to the 
deceased baronet for a long period, and who 
has come into possession, by will, of one o 
the estates. Lord Gi^oril, in a long and 
elalxirate decision, held that the pbinriff^t 
marriage with Major Steuart had been clearly 
estabU^ted, 



iDECEMBE/l 



1872. 



DECEMBK. 



P 



4. — Meeting at Willis's Rxims for the 
\ purpose of taking sleps Parliamentary or olht;r- 
wise, to prevent the encroachment upon legiti- 
mate trading in teres U b^ (be so-calkd Civil 
[ Service Co-operative Socteties, 

A. — The Japanese Embassy received by the 
fJuccQ at Windsor. 

— Died at Kensington, aged 72, Francis 
i CFiarles Massingberd, D.D., Chancellor of the 

di jce&e of Lincoln, and author of a history of 
tlie Reformation, 

— The French Govcmmetit defeated in the 
election of the Dufaure Comoiittec ; nineteen 
membeis of the Right and eleven of the Left 
chosen. 

— The Directors of the Chartered Gas 
Company resolve '* That the men who at the 

ariouB stations of the Gas Light and Coke 
■CoDipaiiy without notice desert^ their duties 
and imperilled the safety of the metropolis, are 
unwortny of confidence, and that none of them 
be hereafter employed by the company." This 
involved the dismissal of no fewer than 1 ,400 
hands. The issue of summonses ogainst the 
500 stokers who turned out at the Bi^kton 
Gas-works commenced to-day, about a dozen 
constables being specially appointed to assist 
the summoning officer in the duty, and each 
being accompanied by a foreman, or one of the 
workmen acquainted with the defendants and 
♦heir residences. Constables were also in- 
structed to procure labourers where they could 
be got and send them in to the works to replace 
the men on strike — a proceeding protested 
against by the stokers as illegal, 

0. — J, H. Gordon, formerly of the British 
Indian Civil Service, shoots Ada Schtani, to 
whom he had been paying hts addresses, while 
walking in the garden of the Villa Nazionale, 
Naples, and then commits suicide by shooUng 
himself, 

— - Severe hurricane experienced generally 
over England. It was stated that, allowing 
the number 12 to represent the strongest wind 
ever experienced in these latitudes, the eittreme 
force recorded at Sctlly, IHymouth, and Portis- 
head was 11 ; London, Liverpool, Holyhead, 
Portsmouth, and Yarmouth, 10 ; while on the 
Continent the gale rose to 10 at BrusseUp and 
10 9 ftt Helder» Cape Gri.«i-Ncz, and L'Orient. 
The gale was roost severe over the southern 
half of England and Wales, In the Midland 
Cotmties and the North there was less wind, 
but more rain, 

©, — Four gas-stokers formerly in the service 
Df the Commercial Gas Company at Stepney, 
Rp|>^rat the Thames PoHcc Court, to answer 
ummonses which stated that **they, being 
under a certain conttkict of service not yet 
expired, did, on the 3rd of December, unlaw- 
[ ftilly neglect and refuse» and have ever since 
gJcctcd and refused, to fulfd the ^aid con- 
wci; witYioat just or lawful excuse, for the 
"j-j^r/btmancc of which amtmct by you no 



compensation or damage can be assessed, aodi 
that pecuniary compensation will not meet the 
circumstances of the case." After hearing 
evidence, the magistrate, Mr. Lushington, gave 
it AS his opinion that no pecuniary compensation, 
which would probably be paid out of the funds 
of the men's Union, would meet such a case, 
and he felt it his duly to sentence each of the 
defemianls to six weeks' imprisonment, with 
hard labour, 

••—The Prus5iian Counties Reform Bill 
passes its final reading in the House of Lords 
by 116 voles to 91. 

11.— The Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York, 
burnt, and twenty-two of the female servants 
suffocated at the top of the building. 

— Died, aged 77, Edwin Norris, formerly 
secretary to the Royal Asiatic Society* and 
Tniuiilator to the Foreign Oihce, a distinguished 
philologist, and Assyrian scholar. 

— The appointment of Dean Stanley as one 
of the Select Preachers at Oxford confirmed by 
349 votes to 287. Dean Goulbum thereupon 
resigned a similar office to which he was ap» 
pointed last year, **as the mo^i forcible protest 
he can give against (what he must consider to 
be) the unfaithfulness to God's truth whidi the 
University manifested by its vote in favour of 
Dean Stanley." Dr. Goulbum goes on to say 
that he hasi no desire to circumscribe too 
closely the limits of the Church of England, 
and if he must err would rather err on the side 
of latitude than of cxclusiveoess. But * ' the line 
must be drawn somewhere," and his complaint 
against the Dean of Westminister is tlmt he 
seems to draw it nowhere, 

Ifi. — President Grant olhcially lecotgnizes a 
coloured man appointed by the Legislature of 
Louisiana to replace Governor W^armouth, as 
lawfully holding the executive power of the 
State of Louisiana. 

— Died, at Tichbome House, the Dowager 
Lady Doughty Tichbome, alleged to have 
idcnufiod the Claimant as her son. 

13,^ — ^Came on for trial in the Irish Court of 
Queen's Bench the case of Father O'Keefe 
against the Rev. Mr. Walshe, one of his curatet 
— an action for slander in calling plaintiff a 
liar before his own congregation. The case 
liad been tried before, when the plaintiff ob- 
tained lool, damages. The verdict was set 
aside and a new trial directed. The defendant 
did not now appear, and the jury, after a brief 
deliberation, found a verdict (or the plaintiff — 
damages, 250/. and costs. 

1#. — Animated debate in the French As- 
sembly on the petition for a dissolution^ ulti- 
mately set aside by 490 to 201 votes. 

— Meeting of Liberal members at*^'"-"^*" 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer 
recent speeches made by Lord Sab 
Mr. Disraeli ; the Utter of whom, he said, 
"never having in his Ufe done anything that, 



fMit 



1S72. 



DECEMSEH 



of» or ailcetl anybody to do any* 

_ in ihc way of puliUc health, or Uken up 

ittb^ecu ihitikm^ it a hamvleas thing, and 

harri prr\^*«i, oiid having a necessity to 

rs ^ ' " ' i^ the great raaller 

-se to deal with, 

. .... |,_^ ., _ :,u anything else for 

ihcy af<; s^oing 10 give us all good con- 

\\, 1 can only say, coming us it did, 

tnHiU lonttAtum omnia sanitasv' I propose 

M« the original reading, * Vanitas vani- 

omn^A vanitajs' — vanity of vanity, all is 

ity/' Mr. Lowe finishid Mith a reirL>s[>cct 

doings of the Tory pf^rty when in olTice, 

w to show, as he said, that they had 

cica — one when they are in office, and 

T when they are oat of it. "When 

out of it their policy is to say nothing 

lot to commit themselves, as 

; when they are in, it i& 

:e the policy of their prcdc- 

wlilch llicy had opposed, and pa^s it*' 

i»— Died, aged 61, Henry G. Blagrovc, 

pird at Tliighenden, aged S5, after a 
"incss, Mary Ann Disraeli, CofitUess of 
i^fichl, wife of ihe Right Hon. Benjamin 
1, M.F. l^iy licacijnsfictd waa the 
cr of Mr, lohn Evans, of Bampford 

Devon, una married first in 1815, Mr. 
m Ixrwis, Mr. I Disraeli's prc^leccssor in 

>re5CTilation of M^idiionc. Mr, Lewis 
1S3S, and in the following yesir his 

became the wife of Mr, Dt&racli* 

Tl©. — Tlic Japanese Embassy leave England 
Pari*. 

f. — Four men »entcnccd to death at Dur- 
for kicking a man to death outside his 
lioii%e at Spennym^or. Two were aftcr- 
i reapiictl 

t9. — Came on at the Central Criminal 
Court» liefore Mr. Justice Brett, the trial of 

five \\:y V ' in the late strike, 

and ti inicy to intimidate 

(Jir- I ._ : . lion gas- works, by 

I ,:e in their ordinary duties till 

» servants of the company were 
fLjuiUUd. Ihc trial lasltd till the dose of 
ihe day, when the iury foiincl them all guilty, 
IfOt sironflv fccr - -> 1 'i -ti to mercy on 
■coaunt ottndr i f their having 

boeii miilol. ari> i - good charac- 

ter. ' .oner*, Mr, Justice 

VtftW agreeing wuh the 

\\ seemed to him 
k during the whole 
■ — not the men 
t I , and that it 

vJ J nnd most of 

1 II , . vvhat ihcy hnd suggested. A 

> I I' 1)1 miiM J>c inflicted— a punisb- 

I r 1 w in their position 

I" ,' ^ice ihey might be 

iMitiLr.*" '. *» - > M- .Mt.-ki, 01 might agree to 
£j ^10 an eoipluymcnl or to leave it without 



committing any oflence, yet they must take 
care when they agreed together that they did 
not agree to do anything by illegal means. 
If ihcy did that they were guilty of conspiracy. 
The sentence he had to pass was that they be 
kept in prison for twelve calendar months. 

ao.— News from New York announce that 
Jay Gould has settled the claims of the Erie 
Railway Company against him by making 
restitution to the amount of 1,945,000/. 

— Died suddenly, ^^t^ 59, George Pea^ 
body Putnam, American publisher- 

ftl.— Addressing the students of Liverpool 
College, Mr. Gladstone pointed out that so far 
Of religion was concerned, the conflict was not 
now between dilferent forms of Christianity, 
but between Christians and men who {like Dr. 
Strauss, from whom Mr. Gbdstone quoted at 
some length) reject belief in a pcr?K>nal God 
and individual immortality. He did not object 
to ** free thought;" on the contrary, he held 
with Homer that Ihc man who docs not value 
the freedom of his thoughts deserves to be 
described as but half a man. St. Paul was a 
preacher of free thought ; he ui^ged men to 
** prove all things,*' but he also advised them 
to "hold fast that which is good.*' The free 
thought of the present day "seems too often to 
mean thought roving and vagrant more than 
free, like Dclos drifting on the seas of Greece 
without a rcN>t, a direction, or a home." Mr, 
Gladstone went on to urge hib bearers not to 
fall in too readily with the prevalent notion 
that this age is vastly superior to all that have 
gone before it. He admitted the material 
triumphs which it had seen accomplished, as 
well as the mental activity which characterized 
it, but It was by no means an age abounding in 
minds of the first order, in great immortal 
teachers. *' It has tapped, ai it were, and 
made disposable for man, vast natural forces ; 
but the menial power employed is not to be 
measured by the siie of the results. To perfect 
that marvel of travel, the locomotive, has 
perhaps not required tlie expenditure of more 
mental strength and application than to perfect 
that marvel of music, the vioHo. In the 
materirl sphere the achievements of the age 
are splenaid and unmixed. In the social 
sphere they are great and noble, but seem ever 
to be confronted by a succession of new 
problems which almost defy solution. In the 
sphere of pure intellect 1 doubt whether 
posterity will rate us as highly as we rale our* 
selves. But what I most wish to observe is 
this, that it is an insulTcrable arrogance in the 
men of any age to assume what 1 may call airs 
of unmeasured 5ap)eKorily over former ages, 
God, who cares for us, caret! for them also. 
In the goo<ls of this world we may advance by 
strides ; but it is by steps only an j not strides, 
and by slow and not always steady steps,, that 
all desiiable improvement of man in the highet 
ranges of hti being is effected/' 

— Prince Bismarck's resignation of the 
Prussian Ministry of State accc^t^^l by tlta 



DECEMBER 



187: 



DECEMBER 



Emperor. He was succeeded by Count Von 
Roon. 

SI. — The screw-steamer Germany y one of 
the Allan company's line of vessels ninning 
l>etween the Mersey and Canada, Baltimore 
and New Orleans, wrecked on a sandbank at 
the entrance of the Gironde, and thirty of those 
on board drowned. 

— The Challenj^er scientific expedition skills 
on its voyage of discovery. (See May 4, 1876. ) 

03. — At a Consistory attended by twenty- 
two Cardinals, the Pope complained bitterly of 
the oppression exercised on tlie Church by the 
Italian Government. " Above all things," he 
said, "the law presented to Parliament on the 
subject of religious corporations deeply wounda 
the rights of possession of the Universal Church, 
and violates the right of our apostolic mission. 
In face of the presentation of this law we raise 
our voice before you and the entire Church, and 
condemn any law which diminishes or sup- 
))resses religious families in Rome or the ncigh- 
l>ouring provinces," 

a^. — Died, aged 52, W. J. Macqnom 
Rankine, Professor of Civil Engineering and 
Mechanics in the University of Glasgow. 

— The Rev. Dr. Wallace, of Old Grey- 
friars, E<iinburgh, presented by the Queen to 
the Chair of Church History in the University 
of Edinburgh, vacant by the resignation of the 
Rev. Dr. Stevenson. 

as.— Sir Sydney Waterlow, Lord Mayor, 
entertains 186 of his relations at the Mansion 
House. His Lordship*! father, eighty-two years 
old, had the gratification of dining at the same 
table with his 13 children, 49 grandchildren, 
and 14 great-grandchildren. The Ix)rd Mayor 
was supported by his 4 sons and 4 daughters, 
4 brothers and 6 sisters, 17 nephews, 22 nieces, 
29 cousins, and I grandson ; and Lady Water- 
low by her stepmother, 4 brothers, 3 sisters, 
12 nephews, 12 nieces, and 41 cousin* 

— A young woman named Harriet Bus- 
veil found murdered in her house. Great Coram- 
srect; the criminal not discovered, but sup- 

In)sed to be a G: rman who accompanied her 
lome, and robbed his victim of some trifling 
trinkets she had borowed for use as a member 
of the corps de balUt, 

— Collision between the Northumberland 
and Hercules ironclads at Fimchal, while riding 
out a heavy westerly gale. 

27. — Availing himself of the opportunity of 
handing over the prizes at the Art and Science 
Scliool at Newton Abbot, Devonshire, the 
Duke of Somerset contrasted the real progress 
which had been made by Natural Science with 
the talk about progress in which politicians 
indulged. "lust look," he said, " at what the 
steam-engine has done and what it has added 
to the power and civilization of England. By 
sea and by land, in the depth of the mine and 
/a the manufactory, everywhere it has added 



to Englnnd's pfoaperity and wealth. I s;iw, 
to my great surprise, when I read the speech 
of the Prime Minister on education, that he 
said he would Isabnce for the proof of intellect 
the invention of the violin against the locomo- 
tive engine* Now, I thought that was very 
Ktringc, I should like to know what the violin 
has done for the civilization of mankind. Men 
Irave been scraping on tliese squeaking strings 
for the last 300 years, and what good has the 
world gained by it ? But he says the violin is 
a marvel of music, and therefore is equal to the 
locomolivc engine. Now, I remember that 
»>me years ago, when Paganini, the great 
fiddler, dieti, a newspaper, pubfished in Italy, 
contained an article which commenced in this 
style : — 'Genoa has produced two great men — 
Paganini and Columbus.' (Laughter.) I con- 
fess that it seemed to me, when I read of Mr. 
Gladstone com^:]Lring the violin with the loco- 
motive engine, th^t it was very much like com- 
paring Paganini with Columbus. (Laughter.) 
But is that all ? Why, the locomotive engine 
is aUering the civilization of the world. The 
miliodd and the locomotive are going not only 
through Europe, but they have gone into Japan. 
Do you think they go there without advancing 
civilization? I should like to know what 
fiddle has ever done the same) (Laughter.) 
We hear a gr»at deal about the science of 
Eovemmcnt, but there is no such science. It 
IS & few desultory pi-inciples people have 
scrambled hold of, and they are trying to apply 
them. The statesman who applies them in 
one way corrects the blunders of former states- 
men, but he generally substitutes some blunders 
of his own. ( Laughter. ) Down in Plymouth 
there was what ihey caH a Social Science meet- 
ing. How can they call that science ! I read 
the p*pers, and I confess I was quite surprised 
that they called that science. Science ought 
to proceed on some carefully ascertained data 
leading to actual conclusions. What data 
have they got? I read nothing but crotchets 
and crudities, which poured out according to 
the fanc^ of the speaker. No doubt many of 
those thingE may eventually be of use to science, 
but it if not yet come to science — it is not ma- 
tured sufliciently to be called science. The 
science of government and what they call soci.il 
science are yet in their infancy, and they have 
not yet come to yeare of discretion." (Laughter. ) 

aj. ^Meetings held to memorialise the Home 
SecittaTy for a commutation of the sentence 
passed upon the gas stokers. 

— Died at Edinburgh, aged 80, the Very 
Rev. Dean Racnsay, a popular preacher and 
author of " Reminiscences of Scottish Life and 
CkiTXictcr." 

— A young woman named Britton, serving 
In a hou^ at Ealing Green, severely beaten by 
her sweetheart, Walter Trinder, who after- 
wards committed suicide by cutting his throat. 

fill. — M. de Bourgoing, the French Miuistci 
U the Vaticiu), leaves Rome. 



ICEMBER 



1873. 



JANUA/^Y 



^ sB, — In a case of Jibcl nused by the Lord 

vost of GJasgow agaiD&t the iVortk Brithk 

d/ Afai/f in which the plain tiflT had been 

with ** corruptly making use of his 

i a tnistee under the Cily of Glasgow 

enient Trust," the jury reium a verdict 

ftdvour, damages 575/ — On the &ame day 

pianuus, agent for the Hertford estates^ 

iQoA damages in an action for lltx;! 

t the Be(/ajt Natthern Whig, 

^ 88. — The Due de Gramont explains to 

'ount Dam, as President of the Commiiision 

uiry, that on the 20th July, 1870, Austria 

* ttnctlf promised to make the cause 

oce her own, ani contribute to the 

of facr armies as far as she possibly 

•- — Addressing hU constituents at Oxford, 

r. Vemoo Harcourt objected to the use of the 

LiL>CTly by Permisfiive Bill advocates* 

|f{hc said) docs not consist in making 

do what you think right. The dififereiice 

between a free Government and a Government 

witkh is Dot free is principally this— that a 

ment whjch is not free interferes with 

ing it can, an da free Govcmmenl inter- 

with nothing except what it must, A 

ic Government tries to make evcrybo<ly 

do what it wishes; a Liberal Government tjics, 

AK fntr as ttie safety of society will permit, to 

allow cvetybtKiy to do as he wishes. It has 

en the tiailition of the Liberal party consis- 

itly to maintain the doctrine of individual 

ly. ^* 'cause they have done so that 

lace where people can do more 

\\ ^ e than in any other country in 

le Wuriti — laofe so than in Rus&ia, far more 

I believe, than they can do in America." 

Ung the Church, Mr. llarconrt asked, 

why is it safe? Because the Liberal 

>, ..... .1.. ir ^vjtj^ thg Church as ihey have 

It I rone and with the aristocracy, 

Tlie<- ' ngbnd is no longer the Church 

of Lauu, iiof the Church of the Non-jurors. 

L Tbe Qjurch which was once a dominant hier- 

^■^■riV^is now the servant, as it is the creature, 

^^^^^BState. Its doctrine and itii discipline a^e 

^^HBEd by statute ; '^' '^'itics arc in the gift 

^^Br s parliament M From b::ing the 

^^pibx>Dghold of irr it has l>ecomc — wc 

have seen it lately in UAfwid— the city of refuge 

far frceiJum of optoton. Its national latitude 

Hid its tolerant creed offer a liberal shelter 

ifainat the (persecuting dogtnatistn of sects. Its 

tnioo is free to all, without money and 

price. It is compulsory on none; no 

inn anything bv being a Churchman 

hing through being a Dissenter. 

safe* Bui do yuu think lliat it 

aafc if the Tory party had had 

_^ Catholics had not been emanci- 

labilities of Dissenters liad still 

rcmatncd; if Parliament, tlie public service, the 

yBirer»itic« had not been of>ened to men of 

flwrj crvcd ; if the Church had not been com* 

D«Utd to exchange a penecuting priesthood for 




a missionanr dez^y? The Reformed State 
Church of cingland, too, such a^ we know it^ 
is the work of the Liberal party/' 



1873- 

JuituLr]r 1.^ — The Emperor William confers 
upon Prince BUmarck the Orvler of the Black 
Eagle in brilliants on the Chancellor's retire- 
ment from ihc Prussian Premiership, An ac- 
companying letter testifieti to the extreme 
sorrow with which the Emperor acceded to 
the wish of the Prince to be relieved from the 
Presidency of the Prus^^ian Cabinet, but added 
that, after the strain of body and mind involved 
in its duties during the last ten years, the 
Emperor could no longer refrain from granting 
the relief asked for. The letter emphatically 
acknowledged how the Imi>erial Chancellor's 
counsel and assistance during the last ten years, 
so pregnanl with important events, had enabled 
the Emperor to develop the power of Prussia 
and lo lead Genu any towards unity. The name 
of Prince Bismarck, said the Emperor, is in- 
delibly engraved on the history of Prussia and 
of Germany, and the highest recognition is 
justly bis due, 

8. — The operation of litbotrity performed 
upon the ex- Emperor Napoleon by Sir H, 
Thompson. The bulletin next morning an- 
nounced that his Majesty had passed a fair 
night, and was free from any unfavourable 
symptom. 

4,— Suspension announced of Pawsoti and 
Company, warehousemen, St. Paul's Church- 
yard, with liabilities estimated at over 600,000/. 
A limited company was afterwards formed to 
take over the business. Another large failure 
announced at this time was that of Aftselmo 
Vivantl, silk merchant, St. Mary Axe, with 
liabilities estimated also at 600,000/. 

— Declining to receive a deputation on be- 
half of the imprisoned gas stokers, Mr. Bruce 
causes intimalion to he made from the Home 
Office that the Home Secretary is not a court 
of appeal from the dec sions of her Majesty's 
judges on quesLions of law, and has no autho- 
rity to overrule them. The Court for the Con- 
sideration of Crown Cases Reserved is the 
proper tribunal to decide such questions ; and 
if the correctncs^s of the law laia down by the 
judge at the trial had been doubted, it was 
open to the counsel engaged to have asked to 
have a case reserved \Gt the opinion of that 
court ; but such a course was not adopted by 
them. The Secretary of State, therefore, must 
decline to have any such question raised before 
him, or to give any opinion upon it. 

8, — The Daiiy Nrmj publishes a letter sent 
by Mr. Bright, but written some years since by 
Mr. Cobden, on the subject of small holding* 
and i^easant proprietors, in which the writer 
contend e<l that the result of a general study 
of all the best aulUotiUc^k \& vo i^^** \W.v>^Mtv% 



7ANUARV 



^S73. 



JANUAR 



k a unanimity of opinion in favour of the French 
system, on moral grounds, as tending to elevate 
the character, promote the intelligence, and 
I stimulate the industry of the peasantry. 

— In the case of Stokes, tried for the 
murder of Fisk a twelvemonth eince in the 
Great Central Hotel* New York, the jury 
fctuni a verdict of wilful murder. 

7. — Seventy thousAod colliers and iron* 
workers on strike in South Wales, in resistance 
to a threatened reduction in wages of to per 
cenL At DowUis works alone ic>,cxx> men were 
out 

^^ Coont Schouvaloff arrives in England 
on & special mission from the Ciar, re^at^ing 
the disputed Central Asian boundary. 

•,^ — The l>akc of Somerset, speaking at 
Niiwton Abbuit, takes exception to Mr. Cob- 
den's recently published opmion on the land 
laws* ** In France," he said, **thc land has 
now for fifty years or more been suiKlividcd. 
There is no entail there. Well, have they 
improved in aericuliurc so much as we have? 
The French have a better climate than we 
have ; they have done away with entail, and 
they have got subdivision of property to their 
hearts' content, and have they improved their 
agriculture as wc have ? Certainly not* That^ 
at least, i^ the report made to the Govcmnient 
by the agricultural returns which they them- 
selves called for. I want to know what are 
the peculiar reasons why this question of the 
inv^tmetit of capital in land is bn^ing discussed* 
It strikes me that it is not capital in land that 
these speakers want so mach as to make a little 
capital for themselves," 

— Earl Granville writes to Lord A- Lofius 
that Count Schouvaloflf had explained the 
Khivan expedition as intended to pimish acts of 
brigandage, to recover fifty Kussian prifoners, 
and to teach the Khan that such conduct on 
his part could not be continued with the tra- 

fiimlty which the moderation of Russia had 
ed him to believe. Not only was it far from 
the intention of the Emperor to take possetsion 
of Khiva, but {x>sitivc onlers had been Usufid 
to prcvcnit it, and directions given that the con- 
ditions imposed should be such as could not in 
any way lead to a pfolonge>i occupancy of 
Khiva, *• Count Schouvaloff repeated the sur- 
prise which the Emperor, entertaining such 
sentiments, felt at the uneasiness which it was 
sard e^rstef] in England on the subject, and he 
gave me to understand that I might give positive 
assurances to Partiamcnl on this matter.*' 

— Bulletins issued describing the precariona 
Ciinditjon of the ex- Emperor of France. 

•,— Died in exile at Chiselburst, thh fore- 
noon, Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, ex- 
Emperor of France He wa<; the third son 
of Louis King of Holland, third brother of 
Napoleon I., and was born at the Tuileries 
^ath April, iSoS, his mother beintj Hortense 
E'^'jcw/ir Beauh^LraAts duaghter of the Empress 



Josephine^ the great Napoleon's neat wifq 
by her first husband, the Vicomtc de Bear 
hamais. 

9. — Died, at Barcelona, where he discharge 
the duty of British Consul, James Hannayi, 
joumaliiit and critic, aged 46. 

10. —Despatches from Paris announce thai 
no excitement was visible consei^ucnt on ih« 
Emperor's death. "Small notitc is taken a 
the event, and the few evening papei-s whoa 
latest news announce the Emperur s death speak 
of it as doubtful. The Bonapartist journak— 
the Pays and the <)/ /'v_^,y that the En 
perors stale is miii .ry. They con 

tinue to treat as Kcj inmnies thestorj 

that he is in dangizr, aud allege particularl; 
that in a few days he will be able to sit o( 
horseback without suflTcring as he did at Sedaii 
It was announced to-day as the result of aftusi 
mortem examination that death had taken plao 
by failure of the circulation, and was attri 
butahle to the general constitutional slate q 
the patient. The disease of the kithieys, 
which this state was the expression, was of sue! 
a nature and so advance«i that it would in ao] 
case have shortly determined a fatal resulL 

— Disturbance on board H.M.S, Auron 
off Plymouth, leading to a disrating of varioy 
petty officers and able seamen. 

XI. — Mr. Baron Pollock takes his seat li 
the Court of Exchequer. 

Ifl.— The death of the Emperor Napoleon 
it is reported from Berlin, excites comparalivel 
little attention, **The i'rt;;».s notices are brici 
and as a rule without biitcmess. They chiefii 
turn upon the future prospects of the Imperia 
party. It seems to be generally thought 
political circles that there will soon be V 
Bonaparlist factions, one led by Prince Napo 
Icon, and the other by the Empreis Eugenr* 
and the Prince Imperial It is also thougl 
that Hie death of NAjM>lcon III. will improi 
the prospects of the Imperial dynasly/* 

— Replying to a deputation on the Ten 
poml Power, M, Thiere said, ** There is a 
foot at present in Eurt^pe a crusade a£piin«t th 
Papacy. The man who has places 1 
the head of this campaign again-" 1 
See is indefatigable* He is one of il.^ _ 
men of this century — one of those wh< 
made the grandeur of Germany and _ 
whelmed our country. I refer, of course, 
M. de Bismarck. He is now bestowing hi 
favours with profusion on Italy, which is hi 
natural ally in the great ilruggle on which hi 
has entered. It is evident ibat nothing is n^ 
tectcd by this profuund politician which ca 
induce Italy to enter inla alliance with Prassij 
Do you wish to promote the alliance? W 
re>pect the rights of the Holy Sec ; we desii 
that it should be fully and 1. in^j^ 
pendent ; but we accept at. lacu 
and we shall do nothing which , rite 
from a King and his Mitiisters wuii wliooi \ 
can only express masfactiuci " 





fimTAj^y 



1 873. 



yANUARl 



Ift.— Sir Baitle Frere (mivcs at ZAniibftr. 

\%. — Tbe ChoTi " - * ^hc Exchrqucr inti- 

m^jgA to Sir He ni on the part of 

''I- i:k>s4:hcfi aii that they saw no 

j^ reason why ah Arctic eipetlitioD should 

• out fhi? v<?fiLr. "We give no opinion 

I an expedition at a 

I riy of opinion that 

out a second scien- 

thc fuoinent when 

t ar the main burden 

tt «>c3 ul liiii upeialiuns intrusted to 

►M:'fF", I bcJicve it has been eiro- 

' * Uc Challtft^€r expedition 

j^ienic. That \s not so. 

been considerable, and 

ifcd 10 ensure success, 

ti iiddiiiuiial lUinuai outlay 

— Japanese Seven per Cent. Looji of 
S.^OO^oou''. i>ui on the mmrkct at 924. 

— Keirs fttim Sl Pclcrsburg announce 
lltti ut cx]>cdiiuin t«i Khiva luid been resolved 
S[iQa \ff a Council uf Minii^tcrs. 

^— Carrie, slaiion-master^ and Ramsay^ 
pointsttiaini at Kirtlcbrid^e, on 3iid Uctubcr 
\m^ irM for tiianttlaughter bcfoic the Hii;h 
Court ol Ju^tictAiy ^\vX acquitted. 

— A Papi^l Ai: 'shesan Apos* 
te&c Vkanat fo: n r>f Geneva. 
Il ira* reaNd in ifae v.^n .^.^ i,_ Lurches on the 
Slid Ftttniary without the saticttun of llie 




]4v— Srvto) persons burnt to dcnili at Lvch- 
in a house occupied by Mr. Corficld, 
iker^ adjoining that in whidi Dr. 
bunn* 

ApolMgiimij for inability to address his 
ftt'*nf%at tJiis lime, Mr, Blight writes to 
'' There ftrc two qncstiun^ to which 
ihjii aie piiiUiMy t'Mi liTf^e lo be 
»,cu With ony degree o( cofn|ktmc^ in 
0t yesn of A r'arliainent. I alhirie to ihe 
fif the county representation and to the 
KaatA qtiettion. They seem to me the j^reat 
*p<^H**» of the immedtnle future, and the 
r Are di*ciissc<l by the pubhc ihc more 

iicnt be prv|>nrc<l to deal with them. 
It-t .ju^ ' ^ ' ' -juliinre ts one which de- 
re*^ . LTt Ift!ic prcser.t Govem- 

ilbun.! _i -nlc wilh it, it should only 

ihikW us btfw great are the intcrcAts which 
themselves to economy, and how much 
40 aunest public upn est 

tliff est rs vacant and ire 

•Ktdli every gtateama-ij ... . .ind 

bidi 1114 one of them !»cemf able to dimmish/* 
1 f ,k..- I ,.....- v-.T,olcon at 
' Gi the 
=. r.f li'c 

,tllpltC t<LA.ik piiH IH I 'in, 

o( 50,0ua hiig'i^l) \ ,;Te- 

»«tiii«v lb>uw to tlie lUtlc Ivunian Catholic 




Chapel dedicated to St. Mary. The distance 
between these two places by the carriage road 
is about a quarter of a miiei and ajoug l>olh 
sides of the common there was a dense mass of 
people, while carnages were ranged three and 
four deep on one side of tlie way. The cliief 
mourners were the Prince Impcriab Prince 
Napoleon (Jerome), Princess Joachim and 
Achilk Murat, and M. Rooher. A deputation 
was also present from the army of Italy. The 
Prince Imperial met the friends of the Empire 
in the afternoon, and was saluted as Napoleon 
IV. * ^ ' 

15, — Died, suddenly, J. D, Bcrgne, for many 
years head of the Treaty Hepartment of the 
Foreign OfEcc, which he entered in 18 1 7, 

— The Commission of the General Assembly 
of the Church of Scotland resolve, by a majority 
of 55 votes a^pinst jS, to ft»rward a protest to 
Government regarding the appoint me nt of the 
Rev, Dr, R. W.ilbcc, of Old (ircyfriars Church, 
to the chair of divinity and church hisloty in 
the University of Edinburgh, as being likely lo 
be prejudicial lo the interests of religion in 
Scotland. 

17.^— A numljer of applications having been 
made by olhcers of the French army to attend 
the funeral of the Emperor Napoleon, the War 
Minister writes to Marshal McMahon : — ^"The 
Government understands and respects the feel- 
ings of gratitude and affcctioii which a certain 
number of officers continue to entertain for the 
Imperial family. It will certainly attribute no 
blame to those of them who, on the occasion 
of the death of the Emperor, considered it their 
duty to adtlress letters lo the Empress indivi- 
dually in testimony of their respectful s)*mpaihy. 
Such a course only docs honour to those who 
write them, and 1 am sure that it is consiistent 
with the obligaiion.s imposed upon them by 
their duty towards the legal Government rccog- 
ni/cd \>y Fiance, for men of feeling arc always 
men faithful to their duty. Hut you will also 
understand that, if I may jwrmil some individual 
and isolated expressions of feeling, 1 cannot at 
tile same time allow the army to desert its 
purely military duties and miiigle in an agita- 
tion full of danger to discipline and the peace 
of the country." 

^ The widow of Marshal Lauriston, a de- 
scendant of the famous Law of the South Sea 
Bubble Scheme, died in Paris, aged over 100 
years, 

— A column of United States triops de- 
feated by Modoc Indians, intrenched b caves 
at Kalmath, Orcgoiu 

18.— Died at Torquay, aged 67, Edward 
BulwcT'Lytlon, Lord Lytton, novelist, poet, 
and critic, nnd Secretary of Stale for the Colo- 
nics fn»m May 1858 to June 1S59. Interred 
in Westminster Abbey on tlic 35lh, *• With the 
exception,'* tlic 7>w« wrote, '*of Scott, who, 
like Shakes j>earc, wrote for all men and all 
times, it would be hard to find a noveb^kt who 
coQlributcd more largely lo ^cv^uVu ^rvv^^-^j^MfaJ- 




1873, 



yANUAR 



rTo t/>rd Lyttoti belongs the credit of first 
poptiUrisirtg what, in the moicm sense of the 
word, may be termed the political novel His 
novels, while invariably providing the reader 
with entertainment and diversion, invited him 
as invariably to turn his faculties to account by 
studyi observation, and reflection." 

lO. — Died, suddenly, at Ettston Hotel, Mr. 
S. R. Graves, M. K. for Liverpool 

— Sir Bartlc Frere entertained at a banquet 
by the Sultan of Zanzibar. 

— Dr. Gottfried HesscI, a German clergy- 
fnan» arrested at Rams^ate on the charge of 
being the murderer of Harriet Bus well, Great 
Comm Street* After l>cing repeatetily before 
the magistrate, he was freely acquitted of all 
suspicion on the 30Lh. 

lO,— Died nt Ockham Park, aged 91, the 
Right Hon. Stephen Lushington, engaged with 
Brougham and Deiimin in the defence of 
Queen Caroline, and judge for thirty years of 
the Court of Admiralty. 

110.— Died at Stanmorc, aged 74, the Hon. 
and Rev. Haplist Noel, an Evangelical cle-'gy- 
min who had seceded from the Church of 
England to the Baptist body. 

— Mr, Guildford Onslow, M.R, and Mr. 
Whallev, M.P«, fiiiLni lOoA for contempt of 
court in speeches made at Tichborne defence 
meetings, 

— The Pope receives a deputation from the 
Itrilish section of (hij League «f St, Sebastian^ 
recently organ iicd to nuaiutain the temporal 
powers of the Holy See. 

fll, —Defending Roman Catholic loyalty at 
Shcflield, Archbishop Manning asks j How 
could Catholics, who believed that the Church 
( one, identify themselves very closely with a 
lie which admitled all creeds and all forms 

Tworsbtp on the same level ? How cou!d they 
W in sympathy with a State which encouraced 
secular education ? Was there any wonder Inat 
under such circumstances as these Catholics 
should isolate themselves K But who was in 
fault? Catholic-s remained true to the prin- 
ciples which had united the Christian world, 
and they could not compromise those principles. 
But outride that circle, and in alt things that 
did not hinge upon their duty to Gofl, they 
were the staunchest and the most loyal of 
Englishmen, Lord Denbigh some years ago 
defmed the position clearly when he declared 
that he was a Catholic first and an Englishman 
afterwards. Dr. Manning then went on to 
remark that it was said that Uhramontantsm 
was opposed to progress, but he could not 
pretend to understand this assertion. The 
iihrislian world was created by Christianity* 
Christianity was the Oiurch ; the Popes were 
tSe hen! of the Chitrclu The Papacy was 
UUramontanism, and Ultramontinism, there- 
had brought about the advojicemcnt made 

f ia the Sixteenth cc-niury, 
lcS6 



«!.— Tlie masses at Pans for the Emperoi 
Na'>o!eon attended by laTgc numbers of fnend| 
of tnc Empire. 

8S. — A crime of unusual raagniiude ana 
inhumanity was committed this evening neai 
midnight about two miles off Llungencss, by 
the Spanish steamer Murilh running do\vn th< 
emigrant ship North fiiei^ and heartlessly leavinj 
over three hundred people to perish without 
the slightest offer of assistance. The ship 
Nort/tjleet, Captain Knowles, S95 ton? register, 
botintl from London to Hobart Town, with a 
cargo of railway iron and emigi-ants, was a 
anchor or at the tress at eleven o'clock, will 
mast head light burning, when she was rui 
into and sunk about three-quarters of an hou) 
afterwanls. The panic on board was described 
as terrible. The screams of the women am 
children were heard I'or miles, but the forcigi 
steamer took no notice, nor could she l>e idc(i< 
lifted for several weeks. The pilot on dut| 
said that when he was sitting irt the saloon hi 
heard the anchor watch cry out, ** Pilot, pilotj 
come out!'* He immediately rushed on dcck^ 
and was just able to see a steamer b 
from amidships. He saw thai the 1 
was burning properly. He instructc 
tain to give orders to set the pumps to work( 
and then conferred with the captain as to wh« 
should be done next. The latter instructed thai 
signals of distress should l>e burned. All tli 
rockets that were on board the ship were sen) 
up in sxicccssion. During the time there w.i 
great confusion among the passengers, aii4 
aigns of distress among the women whti 
tlicy saw the ship was sinking. The quarter 
boats were loweietl, and the captain, wh( 
retained perfect self-posession, ordered th; 
the Mon\en and children should at once be gt 
into them. There was a great nish of mal 
passengers tow.trds the boats, and, as far a 
witness could see, a Iwat, full of men, was ct 
away from the ship's davits. Two boats (>i 
away full of people, live ship was then 
settling down, and witness went Into the 1 
He saw a number of iKr^oni struggling 
water. On recovering himself he was just abl 
to see the mltzentop crosstree out of tlie watei 
and >wam towards it. He clung to it till 
was taken off. Out of the 412 passengers i 
crew only 85 persons wtte saved, and brougli 
in a steamer and a lugger to the Sailors' Honi 
at Dorcr. The wife of the captain was amon 
the siir\'ivors. One man was shot in the le 
by the captain, while endeavouring to prevci 
the passengers from crowding into the ho^X% 
the unfortunate commander^ who displaye 
great heroism, went down witli his ve^ 
Besides Mrs. Knuwle*, a woman with her bab 
and a little girt were saved, 

— What was announced as the last cxecutic 
of Communist prisoners, three in numl>cr, tak< 
place At Sittory. 

— The case of Bally (appellant) v, Wi 
liamson {rcs|>onrlcnl), rtiising the qtrcitinn 1 
the right of public tiiecttng in the Ro)iil pftih 



WARY 



1873. 



fEBRUARY\ 



tftropolis, argued in the Court of 
and tiie conviction of the 
ate affirmed, thus establL>hing the 
rtbe new rule. 

[ tt3. — Establish men t of a parcel post between 

gloiul and Indra. 

— I*rincc Arthur of England received by the 
IVpe at a ipcciat audicace at Rome* 

St Pctcr&bufg Official Gautie 

f 'tie recent ''exchange of ideas" 

iih and RiBsisn Government* 

v^ and shows '* no divergence 



I, — The 



i^— A deputation from the National £da« 
I L'luon wait U]TOn Mr. Gbtlsione to urge 
comjuil*nry educaiion should be made 
r.T ' I in districts where no school 

I elected, and where, owing to 
tl^efr r lint school accomraodaiion, it 

is fiot nat any should be elected^ the 

I isions should be carried out by 

Bid<»ui guiirdians; and, lastly and chiefly, 
H^ht of parents to select the Mrhool 
tTidr tl ' ' ' ill be sent, as cm- 

in the 2 oi the ICdutntion 

^lall Ik: h.. . ... .. " Mr. Gladstone 

the deputation, and promised con- 
lion of their requests. 

-Died, at Lisbcm, the Dowager Eropreis 
elia of Bfazd, widow of Pedro L 

Died, at Florence, Mis* Jane BlagdcfU 
ilhtirr^i, the faiihftd coni|)anion Mid nun^e of 
ir% Bniwntng. 
ax, — Died, at Trimly College, Cambridge, 
1 K7, Adam Sedgwick, LL.IX, an eminent 
U^t»t and Woudwiirdian rrofessor, who had 
lusted at Triniiy as far luck as 1808. when 
a« fifth Wruiigtcr, Ujc !,\ic Lord Langdale 
' ..iii..r, and the laic bishop of London, 
Id, third, rrolessor Sedgwick was 
>)^ college at death. 
Sir George Honynian take* bis scat in 
: Court of Common I'lcas. 

, — The French Commission of Thirty 
\ the principle of a Second Chamber, but 
triihomt dec it] 1114; on the way in which it is to 
tie clectcil ur u Jtat are to be its functions. 

'29 "' ' ■ ' r» sentenced to 

I V fitre of 500/- 

t ,. -- - ,j . . ^ . . ,,. die* at various 

ti>wnf on the 1 ichbirnc cnic. The Claimant 
was alio oidcred to find Uid for three months. 

— Died, agc*l 86, the Dowager Ijidj Brid- 
[•ott, Duchevs of Bronte, niece of Lord Nelson. 

— A deputation complaining of the Civil 
Service Store* to-<ii»y waiimg npon Mr. Lowe ; 
lie laid tlic Clubi them!vclvc5 were co-oj'vcratiiig, 
"and t am fohl fhat p^r^on* find they savc 30 

I My you should 
» the only way you 

v.t}, »!,.. ..inrcs. If 

il of you 
. circuro* 



stances by competition, you must make up your 
mind you will be driven out of the market. If 
people want credit, they will go to a respectable 
tradesman ; but when people go with ready 
money, they will go to the cheapest market, 
and no agitation you can enter upon will keep 
the pnl>lic from doing the best with ready 
money*" 

91, — In the case of the gas stokers sentenced 
by Mr. Justice Hrctl to twelve months* imfirison- 
ment, her Mnjestv gives effect to a rt^commend* 
ation made by the Home Secretary for a re* 
miiision of eight mouihii of the punishment. 

— Meeting in St. James** Hall to resist the 

}iropos.ils for removing the Athanasian Creeil 
roni the Prayer Book, or tendering its use 
optioiiaL 

Febrtuurj 1. — ^General Von Kaufinann leaves 
St. I'ctersliur^ for Tashkend to of^nlie tlie 
Khivau expedition. 

— The Duke of Cambridge issues a circular 
diijapproving of oflTicer? peiitiouiug Parliament 
for redress of grievances. 

— Died aged 67, Commodore Maury, for- 
merly of the United States Navy, and anihor 
of "The Phys^ical Geography of the Sea." 

d. — ^Ifeavy snowstorm in London, leading 
to an almost entire stoppage of street trafBc. 

3.— New Naval CuUcgc at Giecnwich 
opened. 

■ — Intimation made that Government would 
be prepared, under tlw exceptional circum- 
stances of the apprehension and examination of 
Dr. Hcs.vel, to defray the reasonable costs in^ 
curred in his defence, and also to provide 
the necessary funds for the passage farts to 
Brazil of Dr. and Mrs. HcsncI ** I am 
further," writes Mr. Cavcndii>h, of the Trtasury, 
"desired by Mr. Gladfttonc to rcqucitt you to 
exprt'ss to Dr. Hesscl his sympathy (t>r the 
painful position in which he has been placed." 
The doctor was afterwanls presented with a 
public testimonial of over looo/. as a mark of 
sympathy umlcr the unmerited indignities lo 
which he had been subjected. 

^. — The London coal merchants »dvance the 
price of coals from 37/. to 45/, per ton. 

— Mrs. Knowles, widow of the captain of 
the jVtjtthflcii^ aw'flri:lcd a pension of 50/. per 
annum from the Civil List, 

5. — Robert C. M. Bowles, banker, acquitted 
at the Central Criminal Court of the charge of 
unlawfully pledging and converting to his own 
um: aud that of his hrm 200 Loin Ixirdo* Venetian 
Railway Bonds which had been dc|JOsited with 
the Arm for a particular puiposc. 

— The Hawaiian I^gislaiure proclaiiti 
Prince Lunalilo at King of the Sandv^ich Is- 
lands. 

— Kx tradition Treaty cotvdvdftd be\?ii«t9Ei 
Great Bnuin anA \V4sV^, 



a 



r-^-^m 



fMBRUAfcr 



1873. 



FEBRUAfi 



S. — ^The Burmese mission lake leave of her 
lYJcity at Osl>ome. 

0.— ?Arliamenl opened by Comraissicm, the 
Royal Speech making reference to Sir Bartle 
Frcrc*s mission in Zaniibar, the decision of the 
Gcrmnn Emperor on the San Juan reference, 
the Geneva arbitration, and the French Com- 
:ial Tfcaty. On the Central Asian question 
said : — ** It has hea^ for some ycara felt 
, the Goveinments of Russia and ihc United 
[Kingdom respectively, that it would be con- 
ilucivc to the tranquillity of Central Asia if the 
two Governments should arrive at an identity 
of view rcganlinp: the line which describes ihe 
northern frontier of the dominions of Aflghan* 
istan* Accordingly a correspondence has passed, 
of which this is the main subject. Its tenor, no 
lets tlmn its object, will* I trust, be approveil by 
the public opinion of both nations, " BilU were 
promised for settling the question of University 
kducfltion n\ Ireland, and for the promotion of 
a Supreme Court of jfudjcature, including pro- 
vision fur the trial of appeals. Address agreed 
to without a division. 

— Pavmcnl of 1 50.000, ooofr., the .second 
on the fourth milliard, made by the Frendi 

I Government to Germanyr 

— *'Uoax'* attempted upon Dr, Cummin^ 
I ftt BrightOHt a telegram intimating that the 
I Pope had died this morning being put into his 
[hand lis he was stepping on the platform to 
I deliver a lecture on "The Pope and his work 
I in England." 

a,— The Count de ChAmbord writes to 
Bishop Dupaiilouij :—" Believe mc, notwith- 
standing all its fiiilinp, France has not so far 
lost the scniimcra of honour. It no moj^ under- 
stands the head of the Hou^e of Dourbofi 
denying the stand^ird of ,"\ " ri it would 

have understood the li\< Jins con- 

senting to occupy a v*...^ ... .,.c French 
Academy in com p*iny of icepHcs and Atheists, 
I have not learned v/iih less itleasure than the 
true friends of the country the presence of the 
Princes, my cousjns, at the Chnpelle Kxpiatoire 
on Janunry 20 ; for. ' rc to pmy 

publicly in that mu( ' d to the 

memory of the Mnii., '^-f have 

fell the full influence of a is to 

great leach iug and gen- 1 . I 

have, thcn^ neuher sacrifices tu aui^kc n<i\ con- 
ditums to receive. I expect little from the 
ahihty of man, And much fronn the justice of 
Gotl. When I Am ton bilterly tricfl, a glance 
at the Vaiicin le-ftnimntc* my courage and 
»ircngthen^ my hopes. Ii is at this sch<wjl of 
I he illu'itrious captive that one acquires i!ic 
iiplrit of lirmncss TCsigiinlio«p and poace— of 

lial peace which is assured to everynjje whn 
lakes hts conscience as his guide, and Pius IX. 
as his model/' 

Kcw br' " ,cd free of loll, the 

/ Afjtrar . niaiciitng across mX 

fc head fifjt pt ^_ ^^,. .„. 
toSS 



hi: 
111 



i/rcwy> 



a. —The French Committee of Thirty appoini 
the Due dc Broglie as their reporter. 

a, — Dird, at Vienna, ;iged 83, the Dowagef 
Empress Caroline Augustij widow of lh« 
Emi)cror Francis. 

10* — Mr. Charles Reade obtains 20^/, 
damages in an "'«'■"' ^.r,.,^.^ tf,^ Aforaift^ Aif* 
vfrthft for a c I be libellousort 

the plaintUTs']! , Shilly Shally 

— The Home Secretary submits to th« 
Conv^ — *'^^ new rules framed under tli« 
Par .ju Act, supci5,e<ling those pn 

vio': . ! (orce by Mr. Ayrton, The 1 
regniatimis provided that no public address < 
an unlawful character, or for an unlawful pur* 
pose, could be dclivcrctl in the Park, nor an* 
assembly of persons pernutle<l unless conductcq 
in a decent and orderly manner. 

11, — King Amadeus of Spain annonnces \i 
the Cortes his intention to abdicate. It wai 
a great honour, he said, to preside over th< 
destinies of a country, however profoundly di»< 
turbed it mi^jUt be, and he had resolved i 
keep his oath and respect the Constitutiori, 
believing that his loyalty would compensate f*»l 
the errors due to his inexperience. ** My good 
wbhes," adds the King, "have deceived me, 
fpr Spain lives in the midst of a perpetual con- 
flict. If my enemies had been foreigners, I 
would not abandon the task, but they an 
Spaniards. I wish neither to be the King of 1 
party nor to act illegally ; but believing all m] 
efforts to be sterile, I renounce the Crown fen 
myself, my sons, and heirs.** The Prcsidenl 
then proposed that the King*s message shouUl 
be sent to the Senate, and that both Chamber 
should unite and assume the sovereignty, Th( 
abdication of the King was unanimously ac 
cepted, and the Cortes appointed a commissioi 
to draw up a reply to his Majesty's message 
It was therein declared that "if any humal 
forces could rcslmin the inevitable course 
events, your ^'- »- ^" - -- ^ „ ^^.-j^ 
education and 
would have ci 

them, Penetraleii wiUi ihis truth, the Coi 
if it had been in their power, would have madi 
the utmost s.icrificc to perviude your Majcst; 
to desbrt from your rcsolutitm and withdra 

your abdication. But ih** ' ' ^ " - • '' 

of the unbending chaiati 

justice they do to the n 

and to your perseverance lu your tvj»olulioni| 

imped** th"? C'^rte^ fn im A«kif»)T your Mfi|e*tv 1 

ret.' ' ' " ■ ' ' ' ■ , ' ■■ 

to : 

by the gMViiy v>i the ditu^(.'t arid ihc iuprern 
cris.ifl fnr the lalvflrion of ihe dcmocrtcy, th 
b.i " r liberty, the soul of oil 

riu . which h otti mothe' 

tfnj.i-.-.u 



IBKUAI^Y 



1873^ 



FEBRUART 



II*— ConviKsition of the Province of Caa- 

Vf meet in the Jenisalem Chamber, West* 

:er, the Upper House cnga^^ing in a dcbaie 

i&crea&e of the Episcopate, and the 

Lower on the Rubrics, the Burial Service, 

•nd AthAiiAStan Creed. On the tatter question^ 

a SynodAl Declaration was agreed upon after 

I A long delate. 

^^K Ifl, — Suspension announced of Peter Lawson 
^^■lul SonSf sseed&men, established in Edinbuq^li 
^^Bvcr a century* 

^^m — Sir T. Chamberi* Marriage with a De- 
' ictascd Wife's Sister Bill read a second lime in 
the Cunioioii& by 1^6 lo S7 votes, 

— The Spanish Assembly elect a govern - 

I flient of Republicans and Radicals untl*;r ihc 

^^Brcsldency of Seilor Figueras. 

^^g — King Amadous and the Queen with their 
^tchildnen leave >fadrid for Lisbon, escorted by 
A guard of honour as for as the frontier. 

^Hl 13. — The Lord Chancellor introduces a 
^Hpiea.rure for the establishment of a Supreme 
^^nCoun of Judicature and a Court of AppeaL 
The Lord Chief Justice, he explained, was to 
preside over the Hi^h Court, composed of four 
I dtvisionsi, repfeseoltog respectively the Court 
I of Queen's Bench, ibe Court of Chancery, the 
Court of Common Pleas, and the Court of Ex- 
chequer. Each of these subortlinale Courts 
was to have, in a general way, jurisdiction in 
all cases ; and there would, therefore, be com- 
menced a fusion of Law and Equity. The 
ouse of Lords was to cease from its judicial 
motions in English appeals, which were to be 
isferred to the Court of Appeal, consisting 
usivcly of Judges under the presidency of 
Lord Chancellor. But the existing pro^ 
iiire was still to apply to appeals from Scot- 
' and Ireland ; and Lord Sel borne abstained 
touching the subject of ecclesiastical juris- 
n, tills bein^, as he observed, sui gefwrit^ 
ilerfeiing with it at present would only 
' ill (he prospect of passing any measure 
rcr. 

— Mr. Gladstone submits to the Commons 
\ scheme for dealing with Irish University 

dacation. He projxised to separate Trinity 

CoUeee, Dublin, from the Dublin University^ 

nd tfic Theological Faculty from Trinity Col- 

c, Dublin. The precedent of England was 

be followed in drawing a distinction, not 

'Xf iheofttical, between the University and 

^ kliege or Colleges in union with It ; and 

, eological Fac^ty was to be handed over 

^V"' — ='*"»itiveBody of the disestablished 

\{ h a funa to be administcrcti 

It poses for which the Faculty 

hitiictt«j e^iitcd. The newly constituted 

blio University was t*^ he at*^ching as well 

tiekamining ^ V '>n account of 

duly sensr Irish mind, 

lheotogy« ... .- ly, nor moml 

phyrical philosophy were to have a 
pbca in the fMrriatlum, The 



Governing Body of the University would con- 
tain twenty-eight onlinary members, to lie 
nominated in the first place by Parliament ; 
but it was hoped that in ten years' time the 
University itself would be in a fit state to take 
its share in appointing its own governors. The 
University funds were to come indifferent pro- 
portions from the revenues of Trinity College, 
Dublin, from the Consolidated Fund, from the 
fees of students, and from the surplus of Irish 
ecclesiastical property. Trinity College, the 
Colleges at Cork and Belfast, and, if the rulers 
of those voluntary bodies thought fit, Magee 
College, and the so-called Roman Catholic 
University, would at once become members of 
the new University, which might hereafter be 
made still more comprehensive* The scheme 
was favourably received at lirst, but latterly 
gave rise to much hostile criticism both in and 
out of the House. 

\A, — Seflor Figueraa receives General 
Sickles, the United States Minister at Madrid, 
who officially recognizes the Spanish Republic. 

— Five young women burned to death at 
Liverpool in a lire on the premises of Rushton, 
Cooper, and DunderdaJe, spice and rice mer- 
chants. 

IS — A partial settlement of the South Wales 
strike effected, 4,000 men now resuming work ; 
the wages p.iid for the first fortnight to be 5 
per cent, lower than in December 1872, during; 
Starch to be the same as December 1872, ainl 
from March to July 5 per cent, higher than at 
the dose oi last year, 

17. — Monsignor Merralllod expelled from 
Swiss territory by the Federal Council. He 
afterwards explained that the Holy See had ap- 
pointed him to the office of Apostolic Vicariat 
because the Catholics had no longer a spiritual 
head, and because the form was one always 
used by the Holy See whenever there was a 
conflict of jurisdiction and it was desired to 
pave the way to an agreement. Monsignor 
Merroillod further declared that the Apostolic. 
Vicariat was in no way identicd with the 
erection of a diocesan sec. Secondly, that the 
measure was temporary and provisional. 
Thirdly, that it attempted nothing against the 
rights of the Stale. Fourthly, that far from 
closing the pending negotiations between 
Church and Slate in Switzerland, it left the 
door open to ©very attempt at a treatment of 
the matters in dispute. The IJishop further 
added, that there were only three practical solu- 
tions of the problem of the relations of Church 
ond Sinte— <vi2., complete liberty, as in England 
and America J an agreement in the nature of 
a 'Concordat ; or oppression. M. MermlUod 
WAS afterwards arrested and removed to Femey. 

IB.— Joseph Xavicr de Limrdi, of Tjincaster 
Gate, examined at the Mansion House on % 
charge of obtaining 12,000/. b^^ false pretences 
from Messrs, Glyn, Mills, Currie and Co,, in su 
far as he had handed! over as ^art sccwu^^ »,\:aVV. 
of lading lot l,po c\\ut\tT\ <iV '^Nxtsvvv^^vOTp^ 



FEBRUARY 



1873. 



I'EDRUARY 



days previously to another firm. Lizardi after- 
wards absconded. 

18. — Explosion at Talke Colliery, causing 
the death of twenty workmen, all engaged 
in the scam where the accident occurred. 

19. — Dr. Duggan, Bishop of Clonfert, ac- 
quitted on the charge of inciting certain Oal- 
way electors to attack Captain Trench. This 
being the third acquittal in connection with 
the Gal way election, the remaining prosecutions 
were abandoned. 

— Army Estimates for the current year 
issued, showing the net charge to be 
'3.231,400/., and the total number of men 
128,968. 

-- Tlie four hundredth anniversary of the 
birthday of Copernicus celebrated at Thorn in 
Prussia. 

ao. — The Earl of Rosebery moves, but 
withdraws after debate, a motion for the ap- 
|)ointment of a Royal Commission to inquire 
mto the alleged scarcity and deterioration of 
English horses. Earl Granville suggcstetl a 
Select Committee as the proper tribunal for 
making the necessary inquiries, a suggestion 
afterwards carrictl into effect. 

— On the subject of the Athanasian Creed, 
Ihd Lower House of Convocatitm of the North- 
em Province, agree "That inasmuch as Holy 
Scriptures, in divers places, doth promise \\\'\ to 
them that believe, and declare the condemna- 
tion of ihcm that believe not, so doth the 
Church, in sundry clau'tcs of this confession, 
declare the necessity of holding fast the 
Christian faith, and the great peril of rejecting 
the same. Nevertheless, the Church doth not 
therein pronounce judgment upon particular 
persons, the Great Judge of all being alone able 
to discern who they are who in this matter arc 
guilty before Him. Moreover, the warnings 
containetl in this creed are not otherwise to be 
understood than as the like warnings set forth 
in Holy Scripture." 

fiO. — Her Majesty visits the Empress 
Eugenie at Chiselhurst for the first time since 
the death of the Emperor. 

fil. — The Due de Broglie reads to the As- 
sembly the report of the Committee of Thirty. 
The document described the lalmurs of the 
Commission, its relations with the Government, 
and the principal alternatives which have ex- 
cited discussions. It dealt successively with 
the relations of the existing powers, Ministerial 
responsibility, the Second Chaml>er, electoral 
reforms, and the transmission of ixjwers, and 
explained the patriotic reasons which induced 
the vote of the Commission. The report con- 
cluded with the projet de lot, and article 4, 
Adopted at the last sitting of the Commission^ 
in the following terms :— ** I. The National 
Assembly will not separate until it has made 
provision respecting the organization arid th^ 
Mor/e of fmnsmU^ion of J^^slative And Execu- 
tire powen. 2. Respecting the creation arid 
Ay(7 



the functions of a Second Chamber, which is 
not to come into operative existence until after 
the separation of the present Assembly. 3. 
Respecting the electoral law. The Govern- 
ment will submit to the As<;embly bills upon tht 
subjects above-mentioned. " 

SS. —In the case of the appeal of ^^^. Edwin 
Tames to l>e reinstated as a member of the Enj;- 
lish bar. the judges decide that no adequate 
cause had been shown for reversing the decision 
of the benchers of the Inner Temple, and he 
could not therefore be re-admitted to practice at 
the bar. 

— The report of the Emma Silver Mining 
Company (Limiterl) states that there have been 
paid to the shareholders thirteen monthly divi- 
dends, amounting to 193,532/., while, on finally 
making up the accounts to the end of Decem- 
ber, it turns out that the funds available 
amounted only to 185,658/., leaving a de- 
ficiency of 7,874'. This result was attributeil 
chiefly to the disastrous flocnling of the mine in 
June, and the litigation consequent on the 
hostile action of the Illinois Tunnel Com- 
pany. 

a3.— Died, aged 81, the Rev. Dr. Thomas 
Barclay, Principal of the University of Glas- 
gow. He was succeeded by Dr. John Caird. 

•4. — Mr. Cardwell introduces the Army 
Estimates for 1873-4. 

— The Japanese Government annuls the 
edict against the Christian religion, and libe- 
rates all Christians imprisoned under it since 
1870. 

— Died at St. Leonartls-on-the-Sea, aged 
70. the Rev. Thomas Guthrie, D. D., Free 
Church clergyman, and editor of the "Sunday 
Mag.azine." 

— Discussing the new frontier line to the 
north of Affghanistan rta meeting of the Royal 
Geographical Society, Sir Henry Kawlinson and 
Lord Lawrence highly a]iproved cf fixing the 
line of the Oxus, and were agreed that, although 
invasion from the Atlrak valley by way of 
Persia might l)e possible enough, on the side of 
Badakshan it was quite impracticable. Lord 
Lawrence said it would be "insanity" on the 

Fart of Russia to think of the attempt. Sir 
lenry explaine<l how the doubt had arisen as 
to whether Badakshan, geographically and 
politically, had always in reality been subject 
to Affghanistan. Russia had always believer! , 
or professed to believe, in maps v/hose falsity 
has been provetl to demonstration. They were 
based partly on forgeries by a German klap- 
roth, who described, and circumstantially 
mapped out, a country he had never travelled, 
partly on charts done in squares by a Chinese 
expedition ; and, as it happened, the particular 
squares comprising the country in dispute had 
been turned sidevvays in fitting them together. 
Thus a mountain range that actually runs from 
east to west had been represented as running 
from nffflYi to kMlIVi. 



dS. — Oppc^ieioa to Mr. Gladiitone's Irish 

' I till* All mcetmfj cf the Senate 

I nlvcrsitv. Sir Joseph Nopier ex- 

; '1 rtiinff scheme 

V idtrmic con- 

. . - . , . . , . c tntcrcd into 

a man to devise. Mr GlatUtone's 
. tt( the Universilj, as in a state of 
•b^iuie jictvitmlc an<l bondage, from which he 
wat anxitrti^ to deliver it, was rather a carica- 
Inra lo cJtcitc a laugh than a sinlemcnt to form 
iKe bft^)^ of le^islaiion. Dr. Hart propose^! 
tH« ,r».^r»ri.in of n in (itjoiT compliining that the 
J for the two existing 

I ' central bofly wiih a 

HKji^ .]i ^ uj j^naiiiitst; degrees would lower the 
%Mn !.',r I r:f AcAtK^rnic attiinmcnls, and decbr- 
rv:- Hi.jr i!ic rsW \\'<^a\'\ V'O nc^rMTvrt^d V.v the 

;iffi',i -,l:.:-»n ■ -! ^wa]. |-: aiM' m1 -^ 'I i ■"'- -^ > ■l^'i^r^. 

"I he Kt'Tnari Cathuhc prc'atL- r.\- < h*-'A irmct* 
ing\ to oppose the scht-me, joining in a decla* 
ntion ; — " rhat» viewing with alarm the wide- 
fpTtad niin cavt^-e^l by goalless systems of cdiica* 
tion, and ailheiing to the declarations of the 
Hoiy See, wc reiterate the condcmjiation of 
mixed e^iucation as fraught with danger to that 
Uvtoe faith which is to be prued aljovc all 
ftfthly ihinp. , . , . That the di«fttJiguished 
ropQser of this measure, proclaiming as he 
in his opening sj>cciLh that the condition 
[Roman CaI holies in Ireland in regard to 
' ' 'y bad, 'swran- 

t redress this 
. . ird a measure 
ii his professions, 

ing, it perpetuates 

at jjHeraiRt, li 1- .1 Jiug two out of three of 

(hirtoU ( uI!r,jt->, and planting in the 

^ * it teaching institu- 

with the Queen's 

; ;Ue legal owners of 

;lbotic University, and at the same time 

on behalf of the Catholic pcc»p]e of 

for whoM? advantage and oy who« 

it has l^en establi>he<1, in the cxcr- 

ni ' ' " ' , we Mill not 

|r (hoUc Univer- 

^iKv. L ., -^ the prn|Tosed 

t largely mrxlihcHl ; and we have the 
^ pon to the afhlialion of other Catholic 
puHegeiln Ireland." 

-- Hi-d. a|jc<l Si» Henry Le«iter Uom, 

It inidshipmnn in the Navy, having 

^1 tit with thr fleet at Coru una in 1809, 

h1 ai;.i.n on a perilous service in Qnjl»erun 

AV. Hi* father. Lieutenant Inme-i Horn, 

' - ''^ ' "' -0 of the 

.reaper- 

<ti the Ad mi rally to the 

--d in the icnnin.ilinn of 

mfitft -lud ihc rc-ojicning of d»e nnvtga- 

' the Thamcn, I*or tliii he icceived a 

from the inefchantJ» of the City of 

-nmf, ii^rtl €9, f^fr WmAm Fry 



Channell, foRoerlf n Baran of the Court of 

Exchequer. 

a7.— The Hi-nise of Lords reject the Chelsea 
Waicnvorks Bill by 70 votes agaituit 29» 
thus seeking to preserve the beauty of the 
Thames between (Limpton Court and Ditton. 

fl8.— The first contested School Board elec- 
tion in Scotland takes place in the parish of 
Eastwood. 

— Dietl, aged 74, Robert Graves, the last 
member of the Associate Engravers of the old 
class of the Royal Academy* Mr. (iraves was 
elected a member of die Royal Academy in 
rS36, at which election (the only time in one 
hundred years) a l^allot was not necei^sary. the 
cxindi.late having obtained the whole of the 
votes of the academicians pres»ent* 



Ma;rcli 1.— CollUion in the Irish Channel 
soon after midnight between the sailing vessel 
CAaetifr$u'*t from San Franc'sco to Liverpool, 
and the steamer Ton/t from Liverpool to 
Dublin. The captain, pilot, and twenty- two 
of the crew went down with the sailing ship. 

— Discovery of extensive forgeries of bills 
on City houses, discounted by the Bank of 
England ; and a rewanl i'isued for the appre- 
hension of Frcflerick Albert Warren, one of 
the Bid well gang. 

3. — Mr. Gladstone's motion for the second 
reatling of the lri-<.h University Bill met with 
an amendment by Mr, BouiVe, expressing 
regret that the Government had n.>t stated the 
names of the twenty-eight members of the 
governing b<Kly. In anttcipattnn of this objec- 
tion, the Prime MiniMer rem-irkcd that it 
would be the wiMi of the Government lo 
select men of the greatest weight to serve on 
the governing ho<ly without reference to their 
political opinions or to the course they might 
have taken with regard to the bill, but it 
would be im'possible to a^k such men to under- 
take the duty until the hill had made someway 
in Committee. If, indeed, they were willing 
to serve before they knew what shnpe the bill 
wotthl take, they would not be fit for the t>osi» 
tion. Tnat the refusal of the Government to 
take this course should be made the subject of 
a vote of censure was a fnct >vorthy of com- 
memoration in parliamentary history. Debate 
adjourned* 

— Die<l, Dr. Robert Buchanan, M.A*. Iat4 
Professor of Ixjgic in Glasgow University, 

4^.— Mr, Plimsfjll moves for a Royal Com 
mission to inquire iiUo the condition of, and 
cettarn practices connected with, the com 
mcrcial nmrinc of the Ifnitcd Kingdom, men 
tioning in connection with his protnisal ihattherc 
had i»criahed at a**a in |86S, 2,488 men ; 1869, 
2,821 ; 1S70, 3,4H ; 1871, 1,306; niking a 
total of If, 016, or an avenge of 1,754 lives per 
annvin^. Mr. VotVc^wt, oxs Vtve v*\^ <A SX-^ 



Roytil Commission* but suggested such ft 
change in the language of the motion as 
would point the attention of the Commksion 
|lo the various causes of shipwreck, with the 
riew of suggesting remedies, 

4>. — Aflcr a two hours* speech from M. 
[Thiers, the Assembly votes the preamble of 
Ihe Due de Broglie's bill by 47S to 199 votes. 
•* I am," said M. Thiers, *' the President of the 
Republic, and I promised you to restore iutact 
he powers entrusted to me. (Bravos from the 
eft). I shall not allow it to ttc interfered 
■ith by any interest ; but it is an incontestable 
and undeniable fact thai what has bceo en- 
trusted to me was the Conservative Republic 
There are very respectable men who prefer the 
monarchy to the Republic, but if we speak as 
honest men, it must be confessed that it wou!d 
be very difficult at present to establish a 
■ monarchy. (A cry from the Right of * diflft* 
ult, thanks to you ! ') Gentlemen, let us have 
rpoHtical as we have religious toleration* Poli- 
tical toleration does not mean the abandon^ 
mcnt of Faith, just as religious toleration is not 
Impost nsy> It is a respect for the opinion of 
bthers ; it is admitting that a man may serve 
nother form of government to ours without 
eing a bad citizen. Monarchy is impossible, 
r^nd the definitive and immediate Republic is 
wanted." 

— President Grant enters on his second term 
of office with a message to Congress, declaring 
tliat his efforts ''will be directed to the re- 
cstabliahmtnt of good feeling between the 
different sections of our common country, the 
restoration of the currency to a fixed value com- 
pared with the standard value of ^old, possibly 
to a par with it ; the construction of cheap 
routes^ the maintenance of friendly relations 
with all our neighbours, as well as with distant 
nations, the re-establishment of our commerce, 
and the recovery of our share of the carrying 
trade on the ocean, the encouragement of 
manufacturing industries, the elevation of 
labour, and the civilization of the aborigines 
under the benign influence of education^ 
cither this, or war to extermination- Our 
'^upcrioriiy in strength and the advantages we 
Jterive from ci\iliiation should make us lenient 
iowards the Indian ; the wrong already inflicted 
leaves a balAOcc to his credit, and the question 
be consiflered is, * Cannot the Indian be 
adc a useful member of society by proper 
peaching and treatment I ' For the future, 
rhile I nold office, the subject of the acquisition 
>f te^rritory must have the support of tl^e 
American people before I recommend it. I 
do not share the :ipprehcn-\ion that there is a 
danger of governments becoming weakened or 
icstroyc<l by extension. As commerce, educa- 
tion, and Uie rapid transit of thought and 
matter by telegraph and steam have changed 
ever>*thing i 1 rather think that the Great 
linker is preparing the world to become one 
i/ja/j, spcskjng one languSLgc — a COnsURUna* 
which will render Aimics And SAvies DC 



longer necessary, I will encourage and tup- 
port any recommendations of Congress tending 
towards such ends." 

4^ — Sir James Fergusson, Bart., gazetted to 
be Governor and ComTnander*in*Chief of New 
Zealand and its dependencies. 

— In his evidence before the Select Com- 
mittee 00 Endowed Schools, Lord Lyttelt«*ii 
said he held that no man ought after his dentli 
to be able to direct the application of his pro 
perty ; ** It should be left to the common, 
wealth to deal with it after a certain time, and 
so all restrictions in section 19 should be re- 
moved. Nothing is more sacred than a trust, 
but it ought not to be perpetual. The lime 
will come when it will be held to be a super- 
stition that a dying man may direct what is ta 
be done with his property," 

— Replying to remonstrances forwarded lo 
him from the Mess of the Northern Circuit, 
regarding a supposed shght on the Attorney* 
General of the County Paladne, who had been 
passed over in the case of the Queen v. Cotton, 
Sir John Coleridge writes : — '* There eiLher is 
a right in Mr. Aspinall or there is not ; and 
although it is for the Treasury and not for me 
to decide, I certainly think that the Treasury 
have decided rightly in the negative. If then, 
as I think, there is no right, I am unable to 
perceive upon what ground the Mess of the 
Northern Circuit should apply to the .'Vtlomev 
General that any particular gentleman should 
represent him in any particular case. It woutd 
be highly inconvenient if in any instance where 
the choice of the Attorney- General was dis- 
approved of by the Mess he should be applied 
to by resolution to alter his choice, and direct 
a gentleman indicated to him by such resolu- 
tion to be instructed to represent him. With a 
very earnest wish to avoid offence, I mu^t 
decline to be a party to any such proceeding." 

5.^Speaking at Croydon on the occasion r,f 
prc.>enung a portrait to Mr, Locke Kiii£, M.P, 
for East Surrey, Mr, Gladstone praised the 
guest of the evening ss combining political in 
dependence with that regard to party ites 
withoutwhich political proyrresswasimpu^ible, 
** We arc in the middle," he ^aid, **of an ad- 
journed debate, and that adjourned deliate is 
upon a vote of censure. What is it about ? It 
may seem strange to some that all this row 
should exist about an Iri-h University Bill; 
but somehow or other an Iri-h question is very 
commonly found to be a suitable and con 
venicnt subject for a row, and as to this Iri-h 
question in particular, it seems to have acquired 
a peiuliar aptitude for this purpose, arising out 
of the joint operntion of two circumstances*— 
fii-stly, that it is rooted m a real necessity for 
legisliition ; nnd^ ^econdly^ that thw legislation 
ha-, been 1 ' on tne Government for, 

thinl, thi ur» of the 5Uccc<5ive years 

ofjLsexi^it - »---— ncssand 

and our \>lc\ ti i^rwire 

basbecnsuiCj , , ' i y some^ 




MARCH 



\f%*. rmTv f«-*-n V.V nti rttipcal to the confidence of 
n\s — by wbat is called 
V an the issue — that we 

hi¥c Lc^Q aUc u» .secure for ourselves the 
©pporlunity of dealing wilh it at all, and pre- 
Motiii^ ' " -' the views which we 

Bighic entert.iin. Well, we 

Inve di- ..^ I the midst of the din of 

Ibe battle 1 )^ to anticipate the issue. 

T^^lay a i, ay be upon the crest of 

die wave, and lo mutruw it may be in the trough ; 
bat the i^amc measure which was one day on 
the crest of the wave and the next day in the 
IfOUgh, may on the third day be on the cre^t of 
lile wave agam.^' In subsequent observations 
Uic light hon. gentleman said tliat " when the 
botrr of dfisoUuion — not of Parliament, but of 
\\ ■■ t — should come, it would hnd him 

i I agues not unwilling victimii. But 

♦ c win n >t/' hcadde*!, " abandon our po*ilions 
nnnecei^arily." 

■^ ' ' I, at Glasgow, aged 103 years, Miss 
.^ , a lineal dej*cendant of the Scotfish 

J , „i^tcred in the Barony pari j»h as born 

in joJy, 177a 

%, — Debate resumed on Irish University 
Bill, Mr, Horsman, Mr Hardy, and Dr. 
Playfair objectmg to the measure, the latter 
also protesting against the exclusion of mental 
scae&oe and modem history as a sacrifice of 
free ifwjtiiry to ecclesiastical dictation, which 
could only end in making the students bigots 
or infidel*. Mr. Fort esc ue and Mr. Lowe 
!, the latter creatitii^ some amusement by 
- :i.fi|:j that the ** gagging clauses" were 
'• n *I of the essence of the bill,** and might be 
amcndci or removed in Committee, 

-^ A deputation of Irish members wait upon 
Mr. Ghiditonc to inform him that they felt 
bound by every schm! of honour to support 
denominational and religious education as 
a^inst Tieculari .nation. They added that the 
Roman Catholic body, though viistly in the 
irujcmty, did not dcenand ciwJowments, Init 

that Tf ' re to be endowed they 

claim- endowment. If, there- 

fore. tL_ 1 lid not see their way to 

miking such aitemtions in the University Edu- 

-ifnci Bil! as would meet the objections of 

nents, the Irish niembcrs txjlcmging 

r.il party would be bound to vote 

1 1 ! 1 :. would pain them much, 

1 if' in their dcicmiinanon. 

' ' ,1 (hat the Government 

in nit J ed as much masters of their 

own , the Iri«ih members were of 

iH' M ^ i t that if they would put 

'ii' i .1 »> i he would submit them 

C>v I I Mj -lie Cabinet. 

•il Assembly pass the second 
A^ Hr.>'|jt,'g bill relating to 
cnt " bills by the 
icnt's fight of veto, 

— Died, aged 70, tiic Right Hon, l*\ L. 
Contp M.R for Tyrone; foi^erly First Lord of 
the Adftiiralty. 



1 
I 



rl . 



6v — The Lord Chamberlain prohibits the 
performance of the "Happy Land *^ at the 
Court Theatre on the alleged ground of the 
piece making free with various members of the 
Cabinet, 

7.— Died, at Ossington Hall, Nott!^ aged 
73, John Evelyn Dcnison, Viscount Ossington, 
late Speaker of the House of Commons. 

— Mid-Cheshire election, the first English 
county contcftt under the ballot, results in the 
return of a Conservative, Mr. Egerton Leigh, 
who polled 3,508 against s^liS tendered for 
Mr. Latham, Liberal. 

— Mary Ann Cotton charged with whole* 
sale poisoning at Bishop Auckland, tried at 
Durham, found guilty, and sentenced to death. 
It was thought this wretched criminal had 
caused the death of no fewer than eighteen 
people — husbands, children, step-children, and 
lodgers, 

B. — Died, aged 72, Sir Frederick Madden, 
F. K.S., K»H., for many years keeper of the 
MSS* at the British Museum, and a high 
authority in historical and antiquarian litcra* 
ture. 

— Died, aged 50, Robert W, Thomson, 
C.E., inventor of locomotive traction steam- 
engines. 

9. — P.istoral by Cardinal Cull en read m 
Irish Roman Catholic churches, in which Mr. 
Glad-^lone*s hill was describetl as richly en- 
dowing * 'non-Catholic and godless colleges 
to those who for centuries have enjoyed the 
great public cndo^vmcnts for higher education 
in Ireland, and then, without giving one 
farthing to Catholics, it invites them to com- 
pete in their poverty, produced by penal laws 
and contiscation$^ with others who, as the 
Prime Minister sLites, are left in possession 
of enormous wealth. The New University 
scheme only increases the number of Queen *s h 
Colleges, so often and so solemnlv condcmnetl ■ 
by the Catholic Church and by all Ireland, artd ■ 
gives a new impulse to that sort of teaching 
which separates education from religion and iu 
holy influences, and banishes God, the author M 
of all good, from our schools." ■ 

-^ Died, at Add lest one. Surrey, aged 81, 
Cliailes Knight, an early labourer in the field 
of cheap literature, and a writer of varioua ^ 
historical works of slandaid excellence. ■ 

10. — An application having been made to " 
the Exchequer by Karl Sranhope on behalf o( 
the Society of Antiquaries, that examination 
should be made at the public cost of the tumuli 
on the plains of Troy, Mr. Lowe replies: — 
'* The question is, are excavations undertaken 
for the puqx)se of illustrating the 'Iliad' a 
proper ol>ject for the expend iture of public h 
money? I am sorry to say that in my judg- ■ 
mcnt they arc not. It is a new head of ex- m 
pcnse. It has no practical object, but aims at 
satisfying the curiosity ot iHo/;^ >«\tf> Vt^>K^^ 
that the naraliw o^ Wota^t "wa* a.vc\A\v\s\wt, 




>873 



MAUCi 



^ 



R!id not t]te creation of a poet's imaginaitom 
Uut while I regret to be unable eo accede to 
jfour lordship's suggestion, I submit ihat there 
^n A way orcn by which the money may be 
provided. It is «aid that ihe schotilboy en- 
thusiasm of Europe liberated Greece from 
Turkey. Is not the literary enthusiasm of 
wealthy England eoua! to the entcqirise of ex- 
ploring scenes which are ever recurring to the 
imagination of everyone who has received a 
classical education? The IJaily TfUgraph^ 
with my hearty approbation, is exploring with- 
out any assistance from the public pur^ie the 
isecrets that lie buried under the mounds of 
Mesopotamia. Shalt it be said that a large 
Aumb«r of wealthy English noblemen and 
gentlemen can find no better expedient fur the 
gratification of a lil»cral curiosity than to ask 
I he Chancellor of the Ex chequer to employ 
for its satisfaction money wrung from the earn- 
ings of the poorest of the comnuinity? I sin- 
cerely regret that the spirit of Hcrodes Atticus 
has not descended to modern limes, and feel 
convinced that if one*half the energy which is 
devoted In attempts to obtain nid from Govern- 
ment were given to create a spirit of private 
munificence, this and mnny similar objects might 
lie attained with the uLmost facility and com- 
pleteness. •' 

10. —Adjourned debate on the Irish Uni- 
versity bill resumed by Mr. Vernon Harcourt, 
who declared his inlL-nlion of supporting the 
bill^ althotigh he admitted that it was not a 
Kticce?sfiil specimen of Icj^islaling according to 
Ijish ideas, and that it had Ijeen received in 
Ireland with a unanimity of disapprobation* 
Afr. Bernal Osborne also spoke against the 
bill to night, and Mr. Card well in its support* 

II, — Defeat of Mr. Glad&tone^s Government 
on the Irish Univcraily Dill, a division taking 
place about 2 a.m, on the morning of the I2ih, 
on the motion that the bill be rea*i a second 
lime, wlicn 287 voted against and 284 in favour. 
The announcement of a majority of 3 against the 
listers was the signal for a tumultuous burst 
'leering. Besides the Prime Minister and 

Disraeli the principal speakers to-nighl 

were Col. Wilson Patten, Mr. Dodson, and 
Mr. Bouveric, the latter denouncing the bill as 
scandalously inadequate, pleasing nobody in 
Ireland, and yet likely within twenty years to 
band over the University to pjic^ts. Mr. 
!)israeU rose at half-pa^t ten to comment on 
Ihe bewildering chatacter of the debate. 
•* Here is ihe hon. member for Surrey,'* he 
midi " Mr. Locke King, who, after recent 
proceetlings could scarcely refuse to propose a 
vote of cnnfidence. (Laughter.) But this I 
can say for myself, and many gentlemen on 
(his side, we have no wish to oppose it. If 
iier Majesty's Government have not the con- 
fidence of ihe House of Commons, I want lo 
know what have they the conftdence of? It is 
n House returned under their auspice*, tl^ud 
'ric» of 'AH no, * from fhe Ministerial licnchcs.) 



of the right hon. gcntlecnftn. (Cheers 

laughter.) When I rcmcml>er that campaij 
of rhetoric, I must say 1 think this House w 
ftfrmally as well a% spiritually its creation^ 
(Laughter.) . . . This is essentially a materia 
age ; the opinions which are now atlont, whici 
have often been afloat before, and which havi 
died away as I have no doutit these will die h 
due t me, are opposed in my opinion to oX 
those sound convictions which the prn|)er stud] 
of moral and mental philosoph\ ' ' ostab^ 
limbed. But that such a prop Id I 

nude in the land of the Univ^.: . _. ^h h; 

producetl Berkeley and Hutchinson makes 
still mure surprtsiing. We live in an age wheni 
young men prattle al>out Protoplasm, and when 
young ladies in gilded saloons unconsciouslj 
talk Alhd^rn. (Langhter.) And this is the 
moment when a Minister, catleil upon to fulfill 
one of the noblest du'ies which can fall upoai 
the most ambitious statesman— namely, th< 
formation of a great University, formally come 
forward and proposes the omi<tsion frutn piibJii 
study of moral and mental phdostinhyJ 
(Cheers.) Mr. Disraeli next amiL^ea lh< 
House by his reference to the proposed 
Council of Iwenty^ight persons. **Thcy are 
all to be distinguished men. They are ail to 
be — and I thought the cjtpression was a happy^ 
one^ — they are all to be * eminent men rS 
moderate opinions.* (Laughter.) The House 
is pretty well aware how twenly-eight gentle- 
men would be obtained under the circum- 
stances, I suppose that Cardinal Cutlen; 
would be one of them, and lus Eminence 
would be paired off with the Primate of the 
Protestant Church, (l^ugbten) Then, under 
the circumstances in which we are placed, the 
Provost of Trinity College would be a most 
admirable counciliof, and Monsignor Wood- 
lock would be another. Then would come 
Lord Chancellor O'Hagan, who would prob- 
ably pair off with the right hon. gentleman 
who filled the same office for us. (Laughter.) 
And you would have in your council very 
much what you have in this House — two parties 
organized and arrayed against e.icli other, wilht 
two or three trimmers thrown in on each side." 
(Cheers and laughter) Describing the com^f 
mencemenl of Mr Glad.*tone's policy of con* 
fiscation when he misto*>k the clamour of lh< 
NoTiconformists for the vt*ice of the nation -• 
"You have now,*' continued Mr. Disraeli* 
"had four years of it. Vou have de5.puilcd 
churches. You have threatened every cor- 
IKinition and endowment in the country, 
(Cheers.) You have cKAmincd into every 
Iwdy's affairs. You have criticised every pro* 
fc^siun and vexed every trade. (A laugh. V 
No one is certaiii of his property, ind nobody 
knows what duties he may have to perform 
to-moiTOW. I believe th»l the people of thii 
country have had enough of the policy ot 
confiscation. From what I cmi see» thfl 
Hni -' ' - ' ' ' * -ry out tind 

pnl some ol 

tf^. \ MM Uii 



1873- 



MAi;CH 



AaktWt iJiey will give some intimation lo 

Govcmmcnl to-night ihat that is Ihetr 

nion also." (Cheers) Mr. Dt^racU con- 

I ;^" AJthoutjh I have nut wished lo 

ike this a parly question, althou{;h 1 have 

wish lo flisiurb the right hon. geiulcman in 

scat, although 1 have no communication 

;ith any section or with any party in thi:i 

iouse, 1 may &ay with any individual of my 

vn mimtdiate co1te;<4!fueSf I must do my duty 

1 am asked, ' Do you or do you not 

approve this meo&ure?' (Cheers.) 1 must 

vote against a mea&ure which 1 believe to I>e 

onairous in it^ r ' rinciplcs pernicious 

I many of its d utterly lutiic as a 

asiurc tif pm< 1 ^ diou." (Cuniinued 

cr».) Mr» (iladstone woundup the debate 

defending all the essenrial details of llic 

^ure, declaring that ** where wc have 

ncstly ^uglit and toiietl for peace wc find 

MilentiuQ ; if our tenders of relief are 

e with scoiTi, let n> still remember 

ere is a voice nvhich is not heard in the 

icVlint: of the fire or in the roaring of the 

hirlwind or ihestornit the still, small voice of 

I4tice» which is heartl after they have passed 

inray. To mete out justice to Ireland, accord- 

\ to the best view that with human infirmity 

coutd fvirm, has been the work, I will 

tioa^t &ay Lhc sacred work, of this Parliament. 

*Ko, nv),' and cheers, ) Having put our hand 

► the plough, let us not turn back. Let not 
^ Iwc Ihmk the fault or pcrver&eness of those 

wr are attempting lo a^ist have the 

kest effccl in turning us from the fKith on 

vlucb wc have entered. As wc have begun, 

> let u» go through, and with tirm and re^ulute 
liaotl lei u* efface from the law and the practice 
of the eouniry the last — I Ijelieve it is the last 
^)f the religious and social grievances of 
Irebnd*" (l-t»*id and pn»hjn-'cd cheering.) 
II., r\,- ». cult of the dlviiiion Ixiiig made knuun, 

rt»c ^aid : — *' I think. Sir, alter the 

.t has just taken place, the House 

lo hear a word from me. 1 appre- 

! ie effect of the vote is to lay the bill 

a, jc 11 inc nionient. It is capable of revival, 

tut It re-^uii* s a motion for llie purpose of 

Tf'v.^,11. I /i.' order. The vote of the House has 

1 of fl grave character, 1 need hardly 

J ^ the House never wishes to enter 

•I idary matters while 

lc of the Govern- 

J he l>cst thing I can 

^ . , adjoum, and that 

' (Cliccrs.) 'lhc 

I ' Mf! at twenty 'five 

II* - r I 1 Thursday the 15th, 

ii,KLV>»ix iiiUi Liljc/aii voted against the 

L II, ind fifteen Irish members in its favour, 

11^ — Tht Supreme Court of Judicature Bill 
trad a sex^ond time in the Lords, 

1 85^, Reginald George Mac- 
ind chief of Clanranald. 

19, — III ibe Commons this aftcnioon Mr. 
pUdstoDC^ am\\A muth checrin^^, amioujices, 



that in consequence of the vote on the Irish 
University Bill, her Majesty's Ministers had 
tendered their resignation ; and lo permit of 
the necessary new arrangemejils Knng made, 
be begged to move that ihe Hou££ ut its rising 
should adjourn tiJl Monday the t7th, 

13. — On entering the House this aAemoon a 
Royal Messenger wails on Mr, Disraeli com- 
manding his presence at Buckingham Palace. 
** Her Majesty (the right hon. gentleman ex- 
pbined) did me the honour of consulting me 
upon the subject of the ministeri;il difficulty. 
She inquired of me whether I wai prepared to 
form a Government and carry on her alTairs, 
I then informed her Majesty distinctly that I 
was quite prepared to form an adnunistiation 
which I believed would conduct her Maiesty^s 
affairs efficiently and in a manner cntttfed to 
her confidence, but that I could not unrlertake 
lo conduct the government of the country in 
the present House of Commons. That was the 
information 1 gave distinctly and clearly to her 
Majesty, and from that position 1 have never 
for a moment faltered/* 

— Marriage with a Deceased Wife*s Sister 
Bill rejected in the House oi Lords by 74 to 
49 voles. 

— Die<l, at the Cloisters, aged 72, the Rev. 
Evan Nepean, canon of Westminster and 
chaplain in ordinary to the Qtteea. 

14-. — Letters from Zanzibar descriW Sir 
Banlc Frere's mission as a failure ; the Sultan 
maintaining that he and his Arab chiefs must 
reject the treaty, not only for the financial 
reasons which he had previously put forward as 
his main objection, but also oit the ground that 
slavery was a time-lKinoured invituition, sanc- 
tioned alike by the Mohammedan rchgiun and 
ancient custom, and its abolition would lead to 
insurrection and disaster ; and that, moreover, 
no confidence could be phiced in any new 
tnaiics. 

13. — Died, aged 68, Rev. Henry Wall, 
M,A., professor of logic in the University of 
Oxford, 

— Treaty signed at Berlin for the speedy 

evacuation of French territory by the Germani. 

— Dispute between the Greek and Latin 
Christians at Bethlehem concerning the cur- 
tains in the Grotto of the Nativity, burned in 

« 1 87 J, and which the Ottoman Government 
were to have replaced in order to end Lhc tra- 
ditional jealousy of the two bodies. To-day the 
Greek I*atriar.h formally protested '*agatzist 
the violations commiucd by the Latin clergy, 
wlio rely upon the right of ihe strungcr, and 
tread under foot the secular rights of the Greek 
nation to the Grotto of the Nativity of Jesus 
Chnsti at Bethlehem. We ask the Supreme 
Government not to allow ihi^ outrage against 
the nattun,*' 

17.— Mr, Gladstone announces in the Com* 

mons that, while passing Sunday (ycstcrdayl 

i in lUc couuUy, W nitt:\>n:«V %> <:wsiTk\\vvC\qa:C>RjQ^^ 



3 



from her Majesty to an effect which led him 

^tidily to abandon any expectation that upon 

Tliic present occasion the party in opposition 

irotild construct a Government to carry on the 

k[Tiiir> of the country. At the same time* in 

eply to an inquiry from her Majesty, he at 

&nce stated that he placed any scn-icea he 

tfiM render at her Majesty's disposal, and 

lliai he would lake ,stcps iWthuith lo proceed 

to consider, together wuh those who bad been 

Vs collcngues in the Cabinet, how far they 

>ere diipo^cd to resume their offices, and at 

Ihe same time to consider the state of public 

"ftRairs and the business of this House after the 

events of last wt^k. In confornuiy with Mr. 

-Gladstone's desire the House, at its' rising, nd- 

|»>urned to Thursday the 20th, 

IB, — Mr. Mill pre-iidcs at a meeting of the 

Land Tenure Reform Association held in 

Exeter Hall, and explains its two main prin- 

Bit»tes — first, no more land, under any pretext, 

io become the private property of individuals ; 

■ccondly, taxation on the land, in order to giive 

ihc benefit of iu natural increa^ie of value to 

Ihe whole community, instead of to the pro- 

Tjrietors, these licing allowed the option of re- 

_nuqui>ilung the l&iid at it^ pre^sent money 

'valuer 

— Close of the strike in South Wales, the 
emaining workmen agreeing to-day to rc- 
ume work on wliat were kuown as the 
p* Dowlais terms. " 

X9, — Testimonial of the value of 5,800/. 
pre^nted to the Rev. Dr. MolTatt in recogni- 
tion of his services as a miiisionary in Africa. 

^^m — The Committee appointed to report on 
^^phe column of the Plice Vendome decide to 
^^Be erect the monument a^ it stood, and to re- 
^^BDrd by two in^riptions the date of its demoli- 
^^Piun and of its reconstruction* 

SO.— Intimatinn made in both Houses of 

Irarliament that Mr. Glaxlstonc and his col- 
leagues were now in a position to carry on the 
CovemmenI as formerly. Quoting from a 
'** M nium" submitted to the Queen, Mr. 

1 aid he **\vtll not and does not s'lp* 

t JiC effort.^ of the Opposition to defea: 

pe Government on \^*ed^esday morning were 
bade with a previously formed intention on 
iheir port to refuse any aid to your Majesity, if 
the need should arise, in providing for the 
government of the country ; and the summary 
refusal, which is the only fact before him, he 
tnkes to l>e not in full correspondence, either 
lith the exigencies of the case, or, as he has 
pown^ with Tarliamcntary usage.** To thi,s 
~" Disraeli replied in anolher **Me- 
i •»•_-** The charge against the leader 
osition personally tliat bv * his 
iiimmary refusar to undertake your Majesty's 
Government he was failing in his duty lo your 
Tfajcity and the country is founded altogether 
I a gratuitoias assumption by Mr. Gladstone^ 
fjijch pervaocs his letter, that the means of 
|i; J?/sr.ir/; to carry on ihc Govrj nmiint were 
i.p6 



not • cjthaustcil. ' A brief statement of facts 
will at once dispose of this cimrge. Before 
Mr. Disraeli, with due dclerence, o/Tcred his 
decision to your Majesty, i»e had the oppor< 
lunity of consulting those gentlemen w»th 
whom he acts in public life, and they were 
unanimously of opinion that it would be preju- 
dicial to the interests of the country for a Con* 
servative Administraiion lo attempt to conduct 
your Majesty's affair* in the in resent House of 
Commons. What other means were at Mr. 
Disraeli's dispoi^al ? Was he to open negotia- 
tions with a scclioo of the late Alinistry, aJid 
wuste days in barren interviews, vain applica- 
tions and tlie device of inqnissible coinbtiui- 
lions ? Wiis he to make ovtrtures to the con- 
siderable section of I he Liberal pany who had 
voted against the Governiuenl — namely, the 
Irish Roman Catholic gentlemen ? Surely Mr. 
Gladstone could not seriously contcmptalc this ? 
Impressed from exfverience, obtained in the 
very instauccs to which Mr. Gbd>.tune refers, 
of the detrimental influence upon Gov eminent 
of a crisis unnecessarily prolonged by hollow 
negotiations, Mr. Disraeli humbly conceived tliat 
he was taking a course at once advantageous 
to the public interests, and tendmg to spare 
your Majesty unnecessary anxiety by at once 
laying before your Majesty the real position of 
afTairs." Mr. Disraeli now assured the House 
that ** the Tory party at the present time occu- 
pies the most satisfactory position which it has 
held since the days of its greatest statesmen, 
Mr. Pitt and lx>rd Grenville. It has divested 
itself of those excrescences which are not mdi* 
gcnous to ill* native growth, but which in a time 
of long prosper ily were the consequence some- 
liinea of negligence, and sometimes, perhaps, 
in a certain degree, of ignorance, {Laughter 
from the Miiustcrial side.) We are now 
emerging from a fiscal period in which almost 
all the public men of this generation have been 
brought up. All the questions of trade and 
navigation, of the incidence of taxation and of 
public economy, are settled. But there were 
other questions not less important, sad of 
deeper and higher reach and range, which must 
engage the attention of a Constitutional MiniS' 
ter. There is the question whether the arts* 
tocratic principle should be recognised in our 
Constitution, and if so in what form ; whether 
the Commons of England shall remain an 
estate of the realm, numerous but privileged 
and quahficd, or whether they &f: ' ' ' ;ei 
rate into an indl^criminAtc h 
laugh, and * Hear, hear') — whctb 
Church shall be maintained, and if m>, what 
shall be its rights and duties ; the functions of 
corporations, the sncrelncss of etidowmcnts— 
(cheers) — the tenure of landed prtjpcrty, the 
free ri. - c-i -i..(] even the existence of any 
kind (Cheers and laughter.) AU 

these and all these principles, which 

have made this country free and famous, and 
conspicuous for its union of order with hhrriy, 
are now impugned, and in due time will be- 
come great and * burning ^ questions. (CI^ccil) 



1873' 



MARCh 



1 think it of the utmost importance that when 
IhAt time— which maybe nearer at hand than wc 
kciAgine— arrives, there shall be in this country a 
At constitutional party, dbtinguisheil for ils 
piclligcncc as well as for its organization, 
hich shall lead and direct the public mi»d of 
he people^ And, sir, when that lime arrives, 
Dd when they enter upon a curccr which must 
! noble, and which I hope and lM«litfve will 
triumphiint, I think they may perhaps re- 
bcmbcr, and not, 1 trust, with unkindncss, 
pat 1 at IcAil prevented one obstacle from \yt\x\g 
^ttced in their way, and thai 1, as the trustee 
' their honour and interests, declined to form 
I weak and discredtied Administration." 

-Died at Wcstfield, Ross- shire, William 
, C.B., laic surgeon-major Hcngal 
land Hi^diUnd Rifle Miliiia; a name re- 
Vble in Jnrfian history as that of the one 
individual of the 13,000 soldier-i antt 
llowcrs of the British army at Cabul 
neither killed nor taken prisoner in the 
it from Cabu! in January 1842. 
Dr. I r some hair-breadth escapes 

I,,. :...^ ..uis, reached Jclalabad alive, 
lough wounded and exhausted, all the other 
nons composing the British force having 
cither killed or taken prisoners Dr. 
on went through the rest of the siege 
^dabad with the gatiison under the com- 
bmnd of Sir Kol>cft Sale. It was his sin- 
lar fate to be again shut up with Sir Henry 
iWrence at Lucknow, and to pass uninjured 
'ough that long and trying siege. 

Died at Athena, aged 88, Sir Richard 
arch, G-CJL. one of the heroes of the 
!k War of Independence. 

France decUircs a protectorate over the 
pirc of Anam* 

- — Mr Gathome Hardy moves for an 

(drc»i to the Crown praying that the Queen 

communicAiing the *' Three New Rules" of 

r Treaty of Washington to Foreigii Powers 

itl declare to them her dissent from the prin- 

IcJ set forth by the Geneva Tribunal as the 

is of ihcir award. The motion was with- 

after debate, on Mr. Gladstone under- 

ing that when these ruled were presented to 

eign powers they should be accompanied by 

rcssion of the dissent of the British 

iment from the recital of the award. 

Died at Croydon, aged 6S, Henry 
orting, who lu*l for many ye.irs l>ecn engaged 
omoling the success of the Ep&otn race 
tingi. 

, — Came on at York Assizes, before 

hief Jnstice Bovitl, the trial of the Kcv, 

an Moyle, hte Vicar of Eston, near 

pbrough, cliarged with forging and 

J certain scrip ceniflcatei and an impres- 

ft lealf purporting to be of the firm of 

D, Gili and Co. , Limited ; also forging 

* idrf-' TnirT.*iriinrr to bc a tmusfer of 

1 of Tackson^ Gill, 

.fgnaiurc of Kdward 



Stickley While; and also forging a certain 
letter, dated j6lh December, 1S72, purporting 
to be writ-ten by the said E, S. While, with in- 
lent to defraud, at the township of Normanby, 
in the North Riding. On the indictment being 
read over, the prisoner, who aj>pcajcd to fc<3 
his position very keenly, pleaded guilty to each 
of the counts. The Court at the lime was 
densely crowded, many clergymen being pre- 
sent. Mn Digby Seymour pleade<i in mitiga- 
tion of punishment the many chariiahle labours 
in which the prisoner had been engaged and 
the extreme temptation to which he had been 
subjected. In an evil hour, he said, his client 
had his eye attracted to the announcement oi 
a society in London known as the Mutual 
Society, the dealings of the prisoner with which 
the learned counsel proceeded to slate. He 
said that Mr M oy I e Battered himself that he 
might be able to increase his own means and 
the means of doing good to others. He look 
a large number of shares with this object in 
view, and borrowed the large sum of al>out 
1 1,000/., expecting to be able to pay ihis ,sum 
back again. He showed h«>w in this he bad 
been disappointed, and t>ecomtng involved, he 
had vainly sought to exiricalc him!>elf by the 
commission of the offence with which he was 
charged, Mr. Seymour referred to the prisoner's 
connection with the firm of Jackson, Gill, 
and Co., and his belief tliai in about a year 
they would have issued their scrip to the 
general public, and that then he would have 
tangible scrip to offer to the secretary. In a 
fatal moment it occurred to him that if he anti- 
cipated that future which must shortly arise, 
and if he himstelf issued the scrip of Jackson, 
Gill, and Co. to the Mutual Sucieiy, he might, 
when the real scrip was issued, replace it, 
and substitute it for the other, which proceed- 
ing would have enalde«i him to reali/e laige 
profits. Thus he fondly reasoned with himself; 
and this led to the commission of the ofTciice 
to which he had pleaded giiilly. Next day the 
prisoner was sentenced to seven years* penal 
servitude. 

lia. ^Meeting in Exeter Hall, presided over 
by the Earl of Shaftesbury, to support the 
•'appeal " made by Mr. riimsoll 011 behalf of 
British merchant se^imen. 

— The seventy-sixth birthday of the Em- 
peror William celebrated wilh great rejoicings 
throughout the chief cities of Germany, 

84-. — The prisoner Mary Aon Cotton exe- 
culed within the precincts of Durham jail. She 
slept Well <luring the night, walked to the 
drop wuh a firm step, and spent several minules 
there in earnest prayer. The prisoner had 
previously made a statement admitting having 
used poison, but with no evil intention. The 
Undcr-shcriflT fainted when the drop fell, and 
had to be supported by two warders. 

— Under the title of •*Nutea on Khiva," 
Sir H, Rawlin^O" r..^,i ^ r.^pt-r on Central Asia 
to the Kr^al G' Society, Sst Uiv.T\ 
contended that ^ .v.<;ai iai3ftv<aAv\«s.^tA2si^ 



iS73. 



APRii 




with Russia when she began to ocoipy 
country. ^* She would be committed to an 
enormous expenditure without any commensn* 
fate results* Considering the peculiar i>osilioii 
of Khiva, the impovcmJied state of the country, 
and the difficulty of sustaining positionib against 
the Turkomans^ and constructing forts and 
wells to keep a good connection with the 
Caspian^ he could not ejcpecl that Russia could 
occupy Ivhiva at a le^s co^t than that involved 
by her occupation of Turkestan, Those who 
wished Russ a ill would desire that she should 
pur&ue her present course. In the interests of 
peace, perhaps it would have been better had 
Ri^ssia not entered into the line of the Jtixartes; 
but as vet he saw nothing to cause us lo ap- 
prehend danger. Our position was quiescent, 
white hers was progressive ; we must go on our 
way conscious that, if real dangers approached 
us from any quarter, we were strong enough to 
resist Ihcm.*' 

*- The Navy Estimates introduced by Mr, 
Goschcn, the gross amount being 9,633,000/., aii 
excess of 134,000/. over the vote of 1872. 

95, — Lord KomiUy retires from the office of 
Master of the Rolls,' Sir Richard Baggallay, 
, a senior niember of the bar of that court, 
s\n^ the respect and esteem entertained 
lordship's unvarying courtesy during the 
twenty-two years he had held that post- 

— Died, aged 69, Professor Partridge, F.R*S.| 
surgeon. 

— Died, aged 76, Am^^e Thierry, Freacli 
historian. 

flO, — The Burial Bill read a second time 
in the Commons by 283 to 217 votes, ** The 
I bill," said Mr, Disraeli, in opposing the mea- 
laure, ** assumed that the sacred fabric and its 
* consecrated precincts w^ere national properly. 
13 ut this was the exact reverse of what the 
Nonconformi&ts contended for when they suc- 
ceeded io getting rid of church-ralef on the 
ground that they had no concern in the main- 
. tenance of the church and the churchyard. 
[That coptrcFversy was settled on the footing 
I that the church and the churchyard were the 
[property of Churchmen^ and if Dissenters used 
[themt it must be on the same conditions as 
[Churchmen" The Nonconformists, Mr. Dis» 
Ifaeli thought, had commiitcd an error of late 
f years in making war against the Church. The 
Reform Act of 1832 gave them an electoral 
power out of proportion to their numbers and 
wealth, which they must be conscious that at the 
next general election they could not retain. He 
I earnestly de-irtd a cei.sJtion of the war between 
tChiuch and Dissent^ and that ihcy should join 
Itogcthcr in combating the common enemy to all 
■Churches and all religious bodies which was 
iftbroad, and which, if it succeeded, would de- 
l^rade the country and destroy all religion, 

— Mr, Gbdslone and other ministers at- 
nd & bangiuct given at the Mansion House to 



Bm — Died, agied 64, Arthur, Count voit 
Bcmstorff, formerly Prussian minister to thid 
country, and latterly ambassador of the German; 
Empire. 

— The Dutch East India Company declare 
war against the Aichtncse of Sumatm, a native 
race in the north of the island, wiib whom 
difl'crenccs h^d arisen regarding the right of 
possession and the power to erect lighthouses 
at difTercnt points* 

fl6. — ^Mr. ForLescuc announces the appoint 
Rient of a Royal Commission to inquire into 
and ^ "- • ^r- medics with regard to the alleged 
un- s of British shinping, whether 

aria , verloadmg or deck-loading, from 

defective cwnsimclion or equipment, 6cc. ; also 
to inquire into the system of marine insurance, 
the liabiUty of shipowners to those whom they 
employ, and the practice of undermanning. 
The commissioners to be — the Duke of Somer- 
set, chairniaa ; the Duke of Edinburgh, Mr, 
Milner Gibson, Admiral Hope, Mr, LiddclJ, 
M.r,, Mr. T. Brasscy, M.P., Mr. Rothery, 
Mr. Cohen, Mr. Denny, Mr. Duncan, Captaia 
E-Igcll of Lloyd's, and Mr. Merritield of the 
Royal Naval School of Architecture, Com 
mission to inquire and suggest. 

89. ^Oxford and Cambridge boat -race, the- 
latter again coming in hrst by three lengths. 

— The French National Asiembly dejmrt 
from the consideration of Prince Napoleon'^ 
petition agamst his expuUion by 334 to 27S 
votes. 

31.— Extradition treaty concluded between 
the British and Dani&h Governments. 



April 1.— Died, aged 84, General Sir 
William Bell, K.C.B., a Peninsular and 
Waterloo oflRcer, whose commis^ on of second 
lieuten.int daici as far back as Nov, 1804. 

— The steamer A/lantic of the White Star 
line wrecked otT Uatifai, into which port 
she was running, short of coal, and about 
560 of her passengers drowned or frozen itj 
death. The night was dark and the sea 
rough, and it was thought the watch on duty 
had mistaken Peggy's Puinl light for Sambnx 
So sudden was the catastrophe that most of the 
persons on board— and there were nearly ipoo 
^wcnt down in their Ijerlhs ; and many pro- 
bably did not awake until they found them- 
selves drowning through the ship having struck. 
The surviving jKtssengers were crowde«l on the 
bows, and clinging lo the rigging. Some kA 
the more adventurous made their way to the 
rock by a line, but the situation there was one 
of great peril, as the tide was lising. The fisher- 
men, however, came to the rescue, and by noon 
all the suiTfivors were got ashore at Cape Pros- 
pect. The ofhcial inquiry at Halifax into the 
cause of the disjister resulted in a verdict com- 
mending the conduct of the officers after the 
ship struck, but condemning her nmnagement 
from the lime her course was changed, fti^d 



PAVA 



l*^7i' 



APRIL 



^eclillv \W c,i|>ULtn*s conduct in tcaving the 
His certificate nilghl have 
nt, cons idc ring the effort s he 
Ldc to s^ivc Ilk, it was only revoked for two 
The fourth officer was suspended for 
cc month*. The court was oi&i> of opinion 
ftt the Atiatttk bad been permitted to start 
I her voyage with a dangerously small supply 
fcoaL 

a.*-Thc Queen visits Victoria Park, and 
tivia an cuthustAstic reception from the in- 
»biiauu of the cuitem part of I^ndon. 

— M, Grevy resigns the presidency of the 
limch A&Msmbly, and Is succeeded tiy M. 

bflct. 

S Mf, Munster withdraws after det>atCp a 
t breach of privilege inibmiUed to 
11 t)i so for as an article in tlic /W/ 

\j.:M(e declared that ** it wa:^ nut «.ur- 
f that the Irish Lllramonlane members 
L to every quibble discoverable in 
klities of the law of parlianient to 
^^_^ at a measure like Mr, Fawcctt s^ 
\ Oils tlie ground from under their venal 
gitntlons and their traffic in noisy diiiloyalty." 

— The Due d'Aumalc received into the 
Jltuce Acwiemy, and proucmnces an eloquent 

am u|Mni his predecessor, the Count de 
llenibcrt. 

4> — Ed win Noyes and a man supposct^l to 

f Georjjt Hi^lwcll, but who refused to give his 

' bt'fcre thcL^jnJ Mayor on the 

and uUeritji/ bLJi-s of exchange 

m 100,000/. i^ id well had Wen 

ured ill Ldiubuigh by detective M'Kclvie* 

otbf*rs knuwn to be concerned in this 

Wt- I nd were Warren alins Horton, and 

W ! niias Swift. From the evidence now 

It nppearc*d that on the 4th of May 

rt, an account was opened at the \Ve*t End 

anch of the Bank of England by Austin 

HirJwcll in the name of '* E. A- Warren/* 

: n-^ Tt v>t^\ evident that through this account 

..ere to be discounted- From 

;p to January last the account 

>.. . and on the 17th of January 

a gcF Messrs. Rothscliild was paid 

in. i ii at the Continental Bajik was 

<n»cncd in iKccmlicr for the purpose, it was 

alleged, of having Warren's cheques paid in 

Ihcrc* and then drawn out again by drafts 

*i^;nLf| by Horton — the money being eventual I v 

f k TiJ. I In the B)'stematic purchase of 

nnds. It had been proved beyond 

T| that Austin Bid well was both 

\ iF^u and Horton, It was necessary ^ in 

t I f to carry out (he gigantic fraud which was 

' ' should be a division of 

re accordingly engaged 

\ .. .. . . sjs bills to present the 

cheqaeii and to change bnt>k-nntcs into gold* 
Alter the fint ^-rnnmc bitl hod been prc- 
srnttnl, \\\r MC up regubrly to 

IL? WeU I rs dated from Bir- 

nuK^ghAm »in'i -Ml ' IV V, vrren. The scheme 



evidctilly was that all the persons who could l>e 
ideniihcd in the matter Ahould be absent in the 
latter pnrt of the proceed it>gs » and so they 
found That in February W*stren (ur Horiunl left 
London, and was not seen again by any of the 
rtank authorities, Macdonnell and George 
BidvvcU* wito had not been ^en l>y them, 
remained in I^judon and transacted tlic rc- 
ouisite business for Warren, he leaving with 
them a number of cheques on the Bank of 
England and the Continental Bank signed m 
blank. After he left, Noyes paid in and drew 
out the muuey at Horton's account, 

4. — Japanese Embassy received by the Czar 
at bL relersburg. l*he Grand Duke Al;»kis 
left Slianghai a few days later un a visit to 
Japan. 

— Sir George Jenkinson's motion calling 
upon Government to adopt the recornmeudation 
o( the Select Committee regarding the construc- 
tion of a railway to connect the head of the 
Persian Gulf with the Meditenanean negatived 
by 103 to 29 votes. 

6.— Anniversary of the day of the birth and 
death of Raphael Sanzio celebrated at U rhino. 

7. — Mr, Lowe introduces the Budget, esti- 
mating the revenue for the ensuing year at 
76^61 7,000/. J the expenditure at 71,871,000/, 
With the surplus of 4,746,000/. he proposed to 
meet the Geneva award claim of 3,200,000/, 
due at Washington 1st Oct,, to reduce the 
Kag:ir dnty oae*half, atid take one penny off the 
incomc^taiL. Mr. Lowers statement was favour- 
ably received. 

— The Prince of Whiles installed as Grand 
Master of the Knights Temi»lars at a conclave 
of the order held iu Willis's Rooms. 

0.^ — Salt Lake news mentions Brighani 
Young as on the eve of surrendering his trustee- 
ship over the Moimon community prepai,*itiiry 
to forming a new seltlemeat in Arizona among 
the Apaches, 

— Henry Pearson, described as a phy- 
sician, sentenced at the Central Criminal Court 
to two years' imprisonment and a fine of 50/. 
for a Ubel upon his niece, Miss Roper, in 
that he had industriously circulated reports 
that she led an immoral Hfe. 

— Died, aged 46, Charles Allslon Collinsi, 
artist and novelist. 

11.— Mary and Charlotte Rea tried at 

Downpatrick on the charge of mttrdering 
Isabella Kerr at llolywood, in December 
last- Chiefly on the ground that the ^leccosed 
was known to be a person of violent temper, 
the jury brought in a verdict of manslaughtefi 
and Mr. Justice Keogh sentenced each of the 
prisoners to penal servitude for life, 

— Oime on before the High Court of 
Justiciary, Edinbuigb, the tiiol of Henry 
Rcid, a strolling pip.»er, charged with mutdttc- 
ing a youn^ man t\ame«\ W^s:.aX\>^\a., ^Tak. ^^v^t^*"^^ 
lietoiigitig lo GW^ov;, m\ 411 K^t \^c«t-w\^A.>a 



APKIL 



1873. 



APRIL 



Srplpmlicr last After inflicting the wound 
Kcid niiiite liis c!scape th rough woods and by- 
way^i to rerLhshirc, and neraained couceaJed 
there ^ievcrxl weeks. The principal witrxess 
agaln.st the prisoner wns a woman named 
Town&by^ who had lived with him as \v& ^vifci 
ant I bis cuuiie^I obje<:led to her evidience on the 
ground Lhiit a murTiajge;, although irregulafp 
bs'd taken place. To deciJe this point the 
wnmart \ras put into the wit ne^- box nnd 
questioned. She slated that she had agreed 
before a number of their friends to take the 
prisoner for her husband only st> long 05 be 
would treat her well, but a^ he had not done 
so she did not t^ow consider herself to be his 
wife* The objection nm being admitted, the 
woman's evidence against the prisoner was 
taken, when the jury unanii«ou^ly found the 
prisoner guilty of murder, and he was sen- 
tenced to death, 

11.— Died p Major-General D wight and 
Major-Geivetal Goolwyn, formerly of the 
Bengal Army, each having served with di^titic- 
tiou in the Afghan campaign of 1843. 

— General Canby, the American Peace 
Commissioner to the Af odoc Indians, killed by 
** Captain Jack" and bis followers. 

14-.— Died, aged 77, General Charles 
Richard Fox, son of the third Lord Hollind, 
and grand -nephevv to Charles James Fox. 

— OI^E!ia] Advices from Atcbivi, nnnoutice 
the repulse of the Dutch troops, and the d^ath 
of their commander, General KoIJer. 

IS. — The Spencer Docks at Dublin formally 
opened by the Uird-Lieiitenant* 

— Workmen's demongf ration at Maidstone 
to welcome the gas-siokcrs now libcnited from 
prison there. 

— Mfr Arch, Mr. Cox, and others, re- 
presenting agiiculiural labourers at present on 
strike, trieil before the Faringdon magtsl rates 
on a charge of obstructing the highway by 
holding a meeting in the market-place at 
Faringilon, Mr. Fit/|wnes Stephen argiie<l 
that the defendants had a legal rigm lo do what 
they had ^^u^. The Act never cont em plated 
such an obslmction tis that under whii^h the 
defendants were charged, and it was mon- 
strous to call it one. Before the charge could 
be proved again^^t them it must be shown that 
they had Citmmittetl some wrong and improper 
act in the nature of a treispass. The market- 
place was the only place where such men 
could hold their meetiny?. If they were con- 
nctefi tliey would be prevented mtrctmg at all, 
as they could not obtain njoms and were not 
allowed tc go into fields. ITic summons was 
ultimately dismissed, amid the applause of 
many present to hear the case, 

lO.-=Mght at Grant Parish, Loumana, 

between tin; white* and negroes, the latter 

di?<endm^ ihs Court -hotiBej which fiad been set 

on /rjK // iv;is repotted thM m maitj as lOO 

jroo 



were shot down when escaping from the 
burning building.i 

17,— 111 e Tim's give.-i currency to a rumour 
thaf a serious calamity had bcfalWn Sir Samuel 
Baker's expedition, the leader himself, wiih 
Lady llaker anid a few survivors having, it was 
saiil, been murdered by a savage tribe to 
whom they had previously been forced lo 
sunrender, 

— Her Majesty presents new colours to the 
7gth Cameron High lenders at Parkhurst, Isle 
of Wight. " It gives *ne great ple.isure," said 
her Majesty^ "to jirescnt theie new colours 
to you. In thus intrusting you with tliis 
honotimble charge, I have the fullest con- 
fidence that you will, with the true loyally and 
the well-known devotion of Highlanders, pre- 
serve the hononr and repuialion id your regi- 
ment, which have been so Ijrillinntly earned 
and so nobly maintained/' A gift of the old 
colours having been made to her Majesty, slie 
said:— "I accept thcf^e colours with mucli 
pleasure, awd shall ever value ihcm in remem- 
brance of tire gallant services of the 791)1 
Cameron Ilighlaiidcr*. I will take ihcm to 
Scotland, and place them in my dear High- 
land home at Uai moral, " 

18. — ^Died at Munich, aged 70, Baron 
Ju5ilus von Liebig, a high authority in chemical 
science* 

1©. — The marriage of Prince Albrccht of 
Prussia with the Princras Mary of Saxc Ahen- 
burg, solemn bed at Berlin* 

— Died, aged 47, Augustus Harris, stage 
director of the Royal Italian Opera. 

— The Shah leaves Teheran on a visit to 
the Courts of Europe. His Maje^rty arrived at 
Mo^icow on the I9ih^ St. Petersburg on the 
22ndi, Uerlin on the 31st, and London on the 
iSih June. 

flO. — Marriaj^e of Prince I^opokl of 
Bavaria to the Princess Giscla, daughter of the 
Emperor of Austria. 

— Died at Torquay^ aged 72, Sir Wm. 
Tite, M*P. fur Bath, and architect of the Royal 
Exchange* 

^- Died, aged 60, Dr. H. Eence Jones, 
F.R.S., consulting pbysican at St. Georges 
Hospital^ and secretary to the Royal Institu- 
tion, 

— The Duke of Edinburgh ha.^ an audience 
of the Pope, and congratulates hi^ Holiness 
on lecovei^ from recent illness. 

01,— In bis annual report as deputy-keeper 
of ihe iNililIc Kcconb, Sir T. nufTus Hardy 
writes that he had been a^lccd by the Master of 
the Rolls to prepare a report nn a photograph 
of the MS. ltno^vn as the '* Utrecht Psalter," 
containing a copy of the Alhanasian Creed, 
and had come to the followiag conclusions :- 
That the date of the mamiw:ript may be 
Mttgiied to the df^c of Ihe sistb century : that 



w/z 



1^7 i' 



MA y 



rnst 






f aftt no lufliclcntly Talid olijt . 
ll^H (laic ; and thai as fhe Ulrecl a 

alUcAii, and not & Roman, r^-tix. . , -,-,cc- 
Dni to it bo!^ upon the Honrnn u&ige are of 
I lorcc- 

dl. — Mr. Fawcclfs DuMin University Tests 
lit read a secood time la the Cominuns, 



Rule rniti granted in the Court of 

juecn*s Bench to file a criminal infornialion 

•gatnst Mr. PlimsoU, M. P.,for iniputin^^ cruel 

iod criminal pf act icct* to Mr. Norwtwxl, M.P., 

nn far as tlic latter was allfj^el to have sent 

t') &ea tn an un^eaworthy condition, 

«— Debate in the Commons on ihe Central 

■ • •■ V raised by Mr, Eiislwick on 

anU wilhdrawni for the pro- 



— Rev. E* C* Wickham, feUow snd tutor 




^f V-" i .--11.'.' 



ittlCalf^Al. 



( Kford, elected head -master 
, in succession to Dr 
chancellor of Linco-J 



Ewl Delawarr commits suicide by drown- 
bg him-M?lf at Cambridije while sufTertng 
ittm mcnUl afflict ion, apparently induced by 

; death of A young woman Uvini; under hU 

oteLtton. 

Sa.^-Came on in the Court of Queen's 

nch, before Lord Chicfjusiicc Cock bum, 

b&tice Mclluf, and Justice Lu&h, the trial at 

nr of the Tichbome Ctaimnnt, charged with 

ijury, for having sworn that he was Roger 

rttartrs Tichhonic, supjiosed to hjvc been 

Iruwried ; that he had seduced hi» uncle*s 

daughter, his own cousin x and that he was 

noi Arthur Uitttri. son of a Wapping butcher. 

Mr. Hawkins opened the case for the Crown; 

the CUima«l being defended by Dr. Kenealy. 

— t>e^palche« from Khartoum announce 
that Sir Samuel Uikrr and his party were well 
At FalQpkta. 

«— Fancy dress ball at the Mnnsion House, 
tile I^rd Mayor and Lady Waterltiw appearing 
in drcises of tbe Louis Qualorze periijd. 

— Disturbances at Madrid causetl by an 

^.t....,* ..r »!,.. " Permanent Committee" to 
, ivemmenU The Ctmimitlec 

\t day, 

— Died, aged 65, H. W. WiUierforce, 
frirmerly vicar of Ka%t FarleM, but a member 
(uT atiout tw«niy yeart of the Koini^b com- 
Oiunion. 

fl4.— ^ Riotous procecdini^ nf Frankfort, .'iris' 

!|ag oat of otlvancci recently msde by brewers 
Id (be price of beer. 
\ 9A _ r vin liniutft.f l^riiiril St:irj'i soliben 
% Mmloc 

|» r. kiUcd 

■ 



1t7, — The Emperor of G ermany arrives at 
St. Petersburg on a visit to the Ca-ir, 

— Carriage works of the Lancashire and 
Yorkshire Kailway Componyat Miies Platting, 
Mancliester, dcsiroyetl by fire* 

— The Hon. Beatrice Mary Catherine, third 
daughter of l^rd Clifford of Ugbrooke, 
Chudleighf dies from injuries roceived by 6. re* 

— M. Barwlet elected member for Paris 
by a majority of 40,000 over M. de Reinusat* 
Four Republicans n*turned< at provinrial clcc-* 
tiont. 

— Died, at Cheltenham, oged 80, William 
C. Macready, an hngllsh tragedian of rare 
merit, and a theatrical lessee who elevates.) a 
national amusement into a means of public 
education and permanent good. 

SO. 'Accident. prcsume^J to be from an 
overcharge of pow<ler, in the Wynnstay Col* 
liery, Ruahon. caiLsing the death of seven work* 
men, all who wcne employed in the pit at the 
time. 

— Discussion in the Commons on Mr» 
Smith's motion that, lieforc deciding further on 
the reduction of indinect inxaliun, the Govern- 
ment ought to pu I the House in possession of 
its views on the maintenance and adjtisimcnt 
of direct taxation, local and imperial. 

— The Prince of Wales and Prince Arthur 
arrive at Vienna to lake part in the ceremonies 
attending the opening of the Exhibition. 

ft9.' — The Lord Ghancelltjr introduces a bi'i 
for the amendment of the law relating to the 
title and transfer of land. 

— Lord Claud Hamilton's mo'i n for the 
purchase of Irish railways negatived in the 
Comuioni by 197 to 65 voles. 

— The Grosvenor Clut> for workmen opened 
by the Marquis of Wtaiiminsicr. 

— Died, aged 60, J, R. Hope Scott, Q.C., 
pos5es$i:>r of AblK^isford in virtue of his first 
wife, daughter of J. Gibson Lockhart, and 
granddaughter of Sir Walter Scott. 

30. —The Women's Disabilities Uill rejected 
in the Commoiia by 22Z to 155 votes. 

May I.— The Vicima Exhibition opene<! by 
the Emperor. Though the weather was un* 
favourable and the building known to be Ut 
from finished, great crowds assembled to cheer 
the im|wnai family and the royal visitors pre- 
sent front mo^t of the European Courts. 

— The Italian Mini'ilry resign, in conse- 
quence of a defeat on a vote invoiving military 
expenditure. 

^.— CI1 ^ '- ' of Dr, Livingstone. On 
arriving .' <■ capital of the district, 

where Ki' uitan livtd, the jarty were 

refused pemiisMon to stay, and Livic\i^s,\ja^v*. 
bad to be carried \\\Tet Wmvi twmOcv \a5^ 
towards l^kabei^^t, ^Vctc \\i«'^ it^«kA«4 1<kV 



ft rude but ati<] fence. He would not allow 
any one to appmach him for the remaining 
days of his lite except Majwara atul Susi, 
alEiiongh they all called daily at his door to 
fciy *'Good morning.** During these days 
the traveller was in great pain, and could 
keep nothing, even for a moment, on his 
itomach. He so far lost his sight wi hardly 
to l)e able to disun$;uish when a li^ht was 
Iti tidied, and gradually sank during the night 
of ihe 4th of Way. (July Majwara Wii» present 
when the Doctor died, and he was unaUle to 
say when breathing cease*!. Susi, hearing 
that he was dead, told Jacob Wainwright to 
make A note in the Doctor's diary of the things 
found by hinu Wainwright was not quite cer- 
tain as to the day of the month, and as Susi 
told him the Doctor had l^ist written the day 
Ijcfore, and lie found this entry to be dated 
27th April, he wrote 28th ; but on comparing 
his own diary on arrival at Unyanyembe, he 
found it to be the 4th of May: and this was con- 
finTied by Majwara, who said Livingstone was 
unable to write for the last four or nve days of 
his life. The closing entry in the traveller's 
diary was a touching reference to the loss of his 
■ervants : — ** Very weak to-day. The good boys 
have carried me to the vil ' (village). The 
spot where Livingstone breathe*! his last was 
put dowTi at n' 25' S. and 27* E. 

5. — International Comnoission appointed at 
Ginstaniinople to determine on matters relat- 
ing to Suez Canal shipping dues. 

— The Greek Government al>oliihes all iH 
foreign legations except one at Constantinople* 

— Fall of a bridge at Dixon, Illinois, 
crowded with peoide wilnes*iing a baptism; 
fifty (lersons, mostly women , reported to be 
drowned. 

— Ant i- Ritualist Tnemorial presented to the 
Archbishop at Lambeth Palace, praying the 
Bisliops — *' I, To exercise all the authority 
vested in your lordships for the entire suppres- 
sion of ceremonies and jiractices adjudged to 
be illegal, and in the event of that aulhority 
proving insuflScient, to afford all other needful 
facilities for the due enforcement of the law. 
2. To take especial care that In the consecmlion 
of new and in the restoration of old churches, 
no fonn of architectural arrangements and no 
ornaments be allowed that may facilitate the 
introduction of the superstitious practices and 
erroneous doctrines which the Church at the 
Reformation did disown and reject. 3. And^ 
lastly, m the admission of candidates to Holy 
Orders, in the licensing of curates, and also in 
the distribution of palroi ' ' ' 15 and 
our families from teadi nh it 

may not subject the in :. icr to 

judicial condemnation— is, when taken in iiJ» 
plain and obvious meaning, subversive of those 
truths to which our Froiesiant Church, as 

Keeper And Witness of IToIy Writ, has ever 
■ ^L^.ti* its faithful testimony, " ' 

ii02 



S. — On the proposal to read the new Jtidic 
ture Hill a thir«! time, the Marmiis of Salisbu 
mo%'ed an nmrndment intendctl to tran 
ccclcsin ' lis to the new Court of A 

peal cc ihe bdl, and thus put an < 

to the Lt^.v..,.^ .,>_al ittrivlittion of the Judic 
Committee of \\v.\ ' , nrfi. The Maiqi 
objected to theprc>c it Mu^nrution of the coU 
mittee when dealing mUiecticsiashcal appeal 
on the ground that amotig its mendiers we 
bishops, who, though unlearned in the la' 
were called on to decide legal questions, af 
who were also, for the most part, pletlgcd 1 
forehand to a particular view on the subjc 
which (mme before them as Judges, llic arg 
ments of the Archbishop of Canterburv, 
reply, tended to show that in a Court of keel 
sia&tical Appeal bishops sliould be yirescnt 
AssesaOFB rather than as Judges ; while tl 
Bishop of Winchester ejt|>re.si»ctl a wish 
the removal of the Kpiscopal elament fro 
the Judicial Commiilee, as likely to cau 
the decisions of the cummitlee to be receiv 
more impartially by the great body of the cle ^ 
— an opinion shared by lx)rd Cairns and Ei 
Carnar\*on. Ultimately, the Marquis of Sail 
bury absenting to the objection of the Lt 
Chancellor that the subject was too large 
discussion at tliat late stage, withdrew \ 
motion, and the bill jasscd. 

— Mr. Fawcett'a University Bill passed 
the Commons* 

6. — Sir Charles Dilkc's motion calling f 
redress in the inequalities of the distribution 
electond power over the kingtiom rejected 
26S to 77 voles ; nnd Mr, Trevcl^an's resohitli 
against honorary colonelcies /ejected by 80 
40 votes. 

— A train on the Austrian States Ratlw 
thrown off the line not far from Pesth, smaa 
ing six of the carriages. Twenly-one perst 
were killetl and forty wounded, the victims 
most instances belonging to the workii 
classes. 

7, — Died, aged 65, Simon Portland Chaj 
Chief-Justice of the United States. 

— The Irish Court of Queen's Bench pf 
nounces judgment in the O'Keeffe demuri 
case. The Roman Catholic Judges Ban 
Fitzgerald, and O'Brien, held that the reacri 
of the Pope under which. ' ' ' ' ■ " nf 
in suspending Fatlicr < ' i 
that Father O'Kccfrc U!i: 
Church had submitted beionehand to the \ 
dinars authority, and thnt, tlit-rr^frrre, he cou 
not allege that in 1 
pension pronounc* 

Jii 1 Til d contended that an ! _ 

t<i m Imving recourse to lhc\ 

tribunals is not against the public mierifrt ' 
any contravention of the law, and \^ 9 v^ 
wholesome rule tjf practice and tl 
Chief-Justice Whiteside, on the 
sistcrl that the cotnmimicatton w:i> l^ "i 1 



1873- 



MA y 



I, and that llic object— one which the Courts 
qM not sanction— was to exempt a numerous 
fekrijy from ** intercourse with the civil magis- 
trite." He also said it was '^apparently iboujTht 

hat the present was a favourable time and Ire- 

and a favourable ctiuntry " for reasserting the 
pbreign authonty^ which many ancient and 

aodcm statutes had repudiated and forbidden. 

lis lordship also held thai a priest could not 
: stupende^l even for criminal conduct without 

a»ular pro. xcept in time of Vf!»itation, 

^od never lion could the priest be 

cmovc<l at i..^ ...^.^ Ji-^creliou of the biiihop. — 

\s the other three Judi^es were of the opposite 
bpinion. the case wai una^ected by the Chicf- 
l^stice's view. 

7. — Sir W. Lawson^s Permissive Bill thrown 
Dt in the Commons by 321 to 81 voles. 

Tlje Marquis of Lome profxjses to the 

irchbishop of Canterbury lo raise amongst the 

Utty a centra] fund large enough to make it 

^ftain that no incumbent of any living bclong- 

|ing 10 the Church of England should have 

^« than 200/. a year. "Should your grncc 

Ipprovc the csilalishmenl of such a fund, the 

^ncess and 1 would be anxious to assist in 

J a subscription," His grace promised to 

eratc in the scheme^ and secure also the 

ienance of the cpwcopal bench generally. 

— The Upper House of Convocation adopt 

i **<iecIarattou ** for the removal of doubts and 

• prevent dispielude tn the use of the Athan- 

n Creed, solemnly declaring *4hat the 

ifcssion of our Christian faith, commonly 

Ue^l the Creed of Sl Athauastus, is not to be , 

nderslood as making any addition to the faiili 

i contained in Holy Scripture, but as a wam- 

ig againiit errors winch from time to time have 

iy>cn in the Church of Christ ; secondly, in- 

*i as Holy Scripture in divers plates doth 

t life to them that believe, and declares 

nnation of them that believe not, so doth 

Church in this Coufcjsicn declare the 

iity for all who would be in a state of 

of hohling fast the Christian failh, 

\ great peril of rejecting the same. So 

E WAmmgs in this Confession of faith 

► he urulcr^tood in no otherwise than like 

miogs in Holy Scripture. Moreover, as all 

dgments belong to God alone, we are not 

I^Qired or allowed to pronounce judgment 

1 any particular person or penons. Further- 

orc» we are to receive God'a ihreatcuings, 

en us hii promises, as thev are set forth in 

hly Scripture." The Bishops of Norwich 

N Extlcr oppoicd the Declaration, bciiig 

UroQi to nlolub the use of the Creed in 

:worthip, 

I "»m ery^pcias, aged 

.J" 'A many valuable 

irks *m i'*yjr ,iiM jujiith^Li economy, 

Alexandtfr Rnbcrts, stock- 
1 It I he Old Bailey lo twelve 
udc for attempting to pass a 
1 1 ;oa/. 



William 



9. — The Upper House of Convocation dis- 
cusses a petition signed by 4>io members of 
the Church of England, praying for the ap- 
pointment of "duly <jualihed confessors/* 

— Panic on the Vienna Bourse, leading to 
the fall of over 300 finns, and the suspension 
of the Bank Act. 

12. -^Apologizing to Mr. Cubitt, M»?., fot 
his inability to attend a Lambeth Conservative 
banquet, Mr. Disraeli writes: — ** Vou will 
have an opportunity of impressing on the me- 
tropolitan constitucnciesi lliat at the impending 
general election the country will have to decirle 
whetJier they will maintain the inlej^ty of the 
kingdom, as well as ol the empire, and whether 
they will uphold and cherish tliat great body of 
laws and customs and traditions whkh have 
converted a small island into one of the mighty 
Powers of the world* There ts no part o( the 
Queen's dominions in which Conservative elc- 
menli are more life than in her capital city. 
But as happens frequently, when the area and 
population are alike vast, there is a want of 
leaders and organization. But without leaders 
and organisation nothing can be done ; aotl 
the metropolitan coobtiluencies must show 
themselves equal to the occasion, and rise to the 
emergency,*' 

— Mr. Stansfeld carries a motion in the 
Commons for the appointment of a Select Com- 
mittee to inquire and report whether the exist- 
ing areas and boundaries of parishes, unions, 
and countie-i mny Iw bo altered as to prevent 
the inconveniences which now arise from ihetr 
sulxli vision. 

— At the meeting of the Royal Geo- 
graphical Society, Mr. N. Elias, the gold 
meaalist of the yeafi and the lir^t Kiiropcaii 
who had tmvcUca through Western Mongolia, 
reads an Interesting paper on that remote 
region. 

13.— The Dublin University Bill read a 
second time in ihc Lords. 

— Mr. Crawford's motion for an address to 
the Queen condemning the scheme of the En- 
dowed Schools Commissioners for deviling with 
Emanuel Hospital, Westminster, rejectetl by 
aS6 to 238 votes. Anne, Lady Dacrc, widow of 
Gregory, the last Lord Dacre of the South, and 
sister ol Thomas Sackvillc, Lord Buckhurst &n<l 
Earl of I'lorBct, the poet, in pursuance of whose 
will the Hospital in Tothill Street was erected, 
died on the 14th of May 1595, having survived 
her husband only a few months. 

— Died, in the hospital of the Prussian 
Deaconesses, Atexandna, aged 42, Emanuel 
Oscar Deutsch, an accomplished authority in 
Rabbinical and general oriental literature. 

14,— One quarter of a King's share in the 
New River Company sold in four lots for 
12,240/., the income for the last year having 
been on this quarter^share 44S/. L'l 1858 a 
share sold in the o\>c\\ t^^tV^V. ikX V\\t x-axt. ^A 
19,000/. *lVk'c\vt -ycwi aiV^ic Sivfc ^va.\*. ^v^ ^^ 



j/jy 



1B73. 



MA Y 



in lots at 38,cxx>/., and the result of this last 
sale shows the price of a sliare to be now 
cearly 49,000/. 

14.— New Guildhall at Winchester opened 
by the Lord Chancellor. 

— Mr. Cowper's Occasional Sermons Bill re- 
jected by 199 to 53 voles. 

— The Tinus announces the approaching 
marriage of the Duke of Edinbur^^h with the 
Grand Duchess Marie of Russia. 

— Intimation given of a conoession granted 
by the Shah to Baron Reuter, and to any com- 
pany which he may establish, of the exclusive 
right to construct railways, tramways, and other 
public works throughout his dominions, to- 
gether with the exclusive right of working the 
mines and utilizing the forests of the country. 
By the second article of the concession, Baron 
Renter's company obtained the exclusive right 
of making, and of working for seventy years, 
railways throughout the country. The lands 
necessary for tlie purpose to be given by the 
Slate, so far as possible ; and in case lamls 
which are private property should be re- 
quired, the Persian Government undertook to 
nse its influence to prevent exorbitaiit prices 
being charged, and would, if necessary, con^el 
the owners to consent to a forced saJe. All 
materials to be free from import duties, and 
all persons engaged in the works to be exempt 
from taxation. The company to pay to the 
Government 20 per cent, on the net profils of 
the working of the line. 

la. — The Australian Colonics (Customs 
Duties) Bill, designed to repeal the Act for- 
bidding the colonial legislatures to enforce dif* 
ferential duties as between the co!(mies and the 
rest of the world, read a second time. 

— Lord Harlinglon's motion for a Select 
Committee to inquire into the case of the Irish 
National Board of Education, Mr. O'Keeffc, 
and the Callan School, carried by 159 to 131 
votes ; Mr. Bouverie protesting against the 
proposal, as contrary to all precedent, seeing 
the House was or would soon be m possession 
of all papers bearing on the case. 

— The German Stale Council unaninMusly 
determines to ex^^el the monastic orders of 
Re<lemptorists and Lazarists, and the Con- 
gregations of the Holy Ghost aod the Most 
1 loly Heart, as coming under the law against 
the Jesuits. 

— Died, at Heidelberg, M[ed 53, Priace 
Coiiza, formerly Hospodar of Koumania. 

16.— Mr. Miall's Discstablisliaient motion 
rejected by 356 to 61 votes. 

18.— The Daity Telegraph priftt* a despatch 
dated Tiflis, yesterday, announcing thM Khiva 
was taken, and the Khan a prisoner SatiK hands 
a/ the JSuasians. 
1104 



18. — Reconslruciion of ibe French Ministry 
ann()unce<l. M. Casimir-Perier, Minister of 
the Interior, and M. Waddington, Minister of 
Pulilic Instruction. 

19. — Lord Salisbury's motion for an address 
condemning the scheme of the Endowed 
Schools Commissioners respecting King Ed- 
ward's (irammar School, Birmingham, carried 
by 106 to Go votes. 

— Mr. George Smith, of the British Ma<^um, 
at present engaged in Assyrian researches on 
1>ehalf of the Daily Telei^aph^ writes from 
Mcsul:— "I am excavating the site of the 
King's Library, at Nineveh, which I found 
without much difficulty. Many fresh objects 
of high importance have rewarded my search. 
Since my last message I have come upon 
numerous valuable inscriptions and fragments 
of all classes, including very curious syllabaries 
and bilingual reconls. Among them is a 
remarkable table of the p* nalties for neglect 
or infraction of the laws. But my most 
fortunate discovery is that of a broken tablet 
containing the very portion of the text which 
was missing from the Deluge tablet. Immense 
masses of earth and debris overlie whatever 
remains to be brought to light in this part of 
the great Mound." 

111. — Mr. W. Fowler's bill for the repeal of 
the Contagious Diseases Act rejected by 25 1 to 
128 votes. 

— The Chipping Norton bench of magis- 
trates oommit sixteen women to prison for 
several days on a charge of intimidating la- 
bourers employed in the room of others ou 
Strike. 

ftfl.— Died. age<l 58, the Right Rev. Alex- 
ander Ewing, D.C.L., Bishop of Argyll and 
the Itlcs. 

US. — Die<l, aged 90, Alessandro Manzoni, 
Italian novelist and poet. 

— The Land Titles and Transfer Bill ♦.nd 
Real IVopcrly Limitation Bill read a second 
time in the Lords. 

114. — The new Alexandra Palace on Muswell 
Hill opened. 

— By a majority of 360 to 344 the French 
Assembly adopt a vote of want jf confidence 
in the new Ministry. M. Theirs thereupon re- 
signel, and Marshal MacMahon was elected 
President. In accenting office, the latter wrote : 
— ** I obey the will of the Assembly, the de- 
positary of the national Sovereignty, and accept 
the functions of President of the Republic. A 
heavy responsibility is thrust upon my patriot- 
ism ; but with the aid of God and the devotion 
of the army, which will always be an army of 
the law and the supporter of all honest men, 
we >*-ill continue together the work of liberating 
the territory, and restoring moral order through- 
out the country; we will maintain internal 
peace, and the principles upon which society 
rests. That this shall be the case I pledge uiv 
word a^ an honest man and a soldier." 



S4^ — The Dutcti Chamber vute supplies fur 
the expedition against Atchin. 

^•. — President MacMahon submits his first 

BoSAge ti> the Assembly, expre^^ing a desire 

lor die maintetiance of peace, and the reorgan- 

oAtion of the army, which **vre shall actively 

pencvcre in cflfecting^ ajiimated only by a iegiti* 

mate desire to repair the strength and retain 

the rank which l»elonij to France. The home 

^lit-y of the Government will be imbued with 

character of social Conservatisni. All the 

Rws you have voted possess that characteristic 

Government is resolutely Cous^rvaiive, 

Ve have numerous laws to enact. I'he bills 

L the reorgantzation of the army and muinici< 

dilits and educational reform are diawn up, 

~ believe 1 have selected Miimters who are 

ompetent to discuss them. Vou will diitCit&s 

he billi which you instructed our preticccssor 

bmit to you and ihoiie '- " ' ^ fore you, 

' ; Gove-rnment will ex- md t;ivc 

E result of thier care lu J .mm. iJut 

Fviou^ty to that the Government mu,vt act, 

introduce into and impress upon the Ad* 

itration the spirit of Can*^crvaliim, and 

lite laws to be respected by appointing 

i who will make them resjiected and them- 

» respect tiMem. The Government will not 

filil in this duty, and will defend >ocii'ty against 

■II ^jctions. The post in which you have 

plaoed me is thai of a sentinel who has to watch 

oiTT the integrity of yoor sovereign power/* 

— M* Thiers resumes his place as a mem- 
ber of the French National Assembly. 

ft7. — llie Italian Chamber of Deputies passes 
keligious Cofpotitioos Bill by 196 to 46 

— The trial of the libel case of O'Kccflfe 
CuUen tcrmtnoles in a verdict for the plainitlT 

ges one farthing. 

Fire in Grosvenor Mews, Berkeley 

, cauiiog the drath of six persons^ and 
i injury to ^v^rul others in attempting to 
ffroQi the building. 

— New rmilway project submitted by M, 
de Le&cpcs, the main feature licing to connect 
tiie line* of Russia wtth those of India, the 

Xioii exiending from the north-ea*,! of 
*pmn Sea to Samarkand, and the second 
'emarkajid to Pcshnwur. 

SO. — Attatin Byron Bidwell^ captured at 
H-.v":ni» examined at the Mansion House on 
|} A' toeing concerned witli others now 

ii llic recent foigcrics on the Bank 

— Dietl, aged 81, Alderman Sir James 
Duke, l^rd Mayor uf London in 184S. 

a^. —The General A^^^mMy f»f the Church 
! carry Ah .ivingof 
r taken l»v ''U 15II1 
-of 




cise of authority, and as calculated to weaken 
the position of the Church of ScoUaod, and 
injuriously to affect the rights of the clergy/' 

d9« — Prince Frederick William, second son 
of the Prince I^ui-»> of Hts^c and ihc Princess 
Alice, fatally injured by falling out of a window 
in the rayal castle at Darni>t;uJe 

do, — ^ Another serious fire at Boston, U.S., 
about forty ditfcreat buildings bemg consumed 
in the block between Wcishington and Tyler 
Streets. The dickering piano manufactory 
and the International Hoiel were among the 
more extensive properties destroyed* 

31, — Explosion of fire-damp in the Bryn 
Hall colliery, near Wigan, causing ihedeaih of 
six >hot-ligliters, being the whole of tlic work- 
men employed at the time* 

Jtt&e 1. — ^The Modoc war ended by the 
capture of *' Captain " Jack and his com- 
panions. 

ft. — Prince Amadeus presented with the 
civic crown of Turin, 

A. — Opening of the new Infirmary at \V\gan 
by the Prince and PrinccKs of Wales. Next 
day their Fioyal HighncMcs oj>ened the new 
Town Hall, »oUon, built at a cost of 150,000/. 

^- An obituary notice in the 7'tMgs of the 
laie J. S. Mill by Mr. Hayward, severely com* 
mcnlcd upon by the Kcv. Slopfoid Brooke, 
leads to a split amonc the philostopher's friends 
regarding the committee of a Mill Memorial 
•Institute, 

5. — The Juries Bifl considered in the Com- 
mons, and various exemptions from service 
agreed to. 

— The Sultan of Zanitibar ratifies a treaty 
with England alioUshing ibc slave trade, and 
clears the bazaar the same day. 

— Died, at Frosinoiike, aged 65, Signor 
Ratai^zi, a dii^tinguished Italian statesman, at 
one time Prime iViinisler of the kingdom, but 
more fretjuently in oppOijition. 

— Marshal MacMahon holds his first re- 
ception AS French President An inimenM; 
number of friends went present, incluJing all 
the members of the Diplomatic Body {with the 
exception of Count Amim), the Ministers, all 
the deputies of the majority, some members of 
the Left Centre (such ns M. Target), all the 
gcueraU of the armies ef Paris aiid Versaillei 
witli their staffs, ttie admirals at pre^ertt in 
Versailiei, numerous officers of all arms, the 
Princes of Orleans, tlie directors of all the 
State Departments, numerous eminent mer- 
chants and bankers, the leading mcn\l>er5 ^ 
the clergy, the editors of the CouscrvoLrvc 
newspapers, the meml>ers of the Court trf Cas- 
sation, the Court of Accounts, l'^ Comt ol 
Appeal, and the Tribuii.'^ls oC l*w>JL ltv"sVwt^i\ 
and Commctce, » 'wttt. aib ^cvcraXXaiiiNt&N. 



WN£ 



1873. 



rt/Ni 



O.— Died at Carlsbad^ Adalbert* Prince of 
Pnissiat 

— Militarjr banquet at Vienna in honcmr of 
I the Czar's visiL The Emperor FnuicU Joseph, 
■ in Uu> omi name and in that of I he army, pro- 
Iposed tlie health of the Czarflnl '' -• ^ •! oous 
lanny of Russia. The assenibleti v ed 

he toast with loud cheers, an* in 

y, proposed the health of the Liaptiur of 
' ' i and his brave an<l faithful sojilicrs. 

— Close of the four days' sale of the Per- 
kins Library at Hanworth I'ark, the total pro- 

' ceeds amounting to upwards of 26,000/. 

7. — Disorderly proceedings in Dublin, occa- 
' Bioned by a mob availing itself for a brief 
period of the confusion caused by a Are in 
Thomas Street, 

a. — The Spanish Cortes adopt the Demo- 
cratic Federal Republic by 2IO to 2. After a 
j prolonged crisis a new Ministry was formed 
I under Senor Pt-y-Morgall. 

Finnan granted by the Sultan of Turkey 
' to the Kliedive of Egypt| sanctioning the full 
I autonomy of that country, and enacting the law 
I of primogeniture in favour of Ismail Paclia's 

^^ The Gn'iti KasUrn leaves Portland Roads 
to lay a fourth telegraph cable between Europe 
and America, 

©* — The recently opened Alexandm Palace 

I on Muswell-hill destroyer! by fire. It broke 

I out a little before one o'clock, and owed its 

I origin in all probaliibty to the carelessness of a 

I workman leaving a brazier of lighted coal on 

I the roof when he went to his dinner. The fire 

found its way into some crevice of the roof 

amid inftaramable materiak, and half a dozen 

i other men who were at work on the roof had 

I barely time to escape before the* whole dome 

was envelopetl in flames. When the news of 

the fire was telegmphed to Lon<lon, Captain 

Shaw spcetlily set out for the palace with a full 

I complement of men and engines, but they ha<i 

I some six or eight milc5 of ground to cover, 

I much of it being up-hill, and by the time they 

I reachctl their destination, the ruin which had 

) iKen effected was complete and irreparable, 

f The suuply of water wtis very inadequate, anrl 

although there were numerou'> hydrants in the 

[ building, with a large reservoir and the New 

I Klver al the foot of the hill, there did not seem 

I to l>e any arrangement for pumping the water 

[up in qu.antitic5. By three c/clock nothinf; 

I was left of the building but the outside walR 

I Most of the pictures water colour drawings, 

I tapestry, and mu&ic were saved, but the loan 

colled ion of chini was d*J!^troyed, with the ex- 

eption of two vaijcs cnniributed by the Queen. 

|lJuring the fire several accidents occurred. 

10. — Circumstantial accounts received of 
the capture of Khiva by General KaufTmann, 

- 7>/W A^ Liverpool, aged 79, Michael 
r \Vhii(\\ rfe^i'-^iunvr pioprirtor. 
1106 



11. — General Kauffmr^nn enters Khiva with- 
out any oppr^ 1: ofTcred. In theti 
march the Ru traversed altogether 
707 versts in cj^m. y mum Jays. The halts an<l 
the works executed en fvnfe occupied forty-five 
days, thus reducing the actual marching time 
to forty- four dayi. The average daily marcli 
was 16 vcrsts, the longest march being 40' 
and the shortest 64 versts* It was ascertained 
that the Amoo Dana deviates in its course, 
and flows in a more easterly direction thiui i^ 
laid down in the maps. 

— In explanation of his retirement, M. 
Thiers vbTites to a friend of his at N.ancy :-^ 
" Agovcniment acting energetically against all 
disorder, and moderately, amicably, and [peace- 
ably towards all parties which are not faction s, 
is the only govcniment capable of appeasinjj 
political passions, and of restoring to France a 
certain amount of unity and well-being. Con- 
sequently, I have preferred to retire rather than 
to pursue a policy which was not my own, and 
which, in siding with the Right, was far front 
siding with the majority of the country, 
turn to the repose of my books and to my 
friends, desiring nothing but the restoration 1 
France.** 

13. — Replying to an address presented by 
the generals of monastic orders, the Pope sai^ 
he fully shared in their sorrow at the sad oiisi 
tion in which the religious bodies had licen 
placed. At the same time, he derived comftirl 
from two reflections — namely, that souls be* 
Joverl by Gorl must be tried by tribulations, ami 
that there wcrt signs that the spirit of prayc 
was everywhere n .r- ' • " ' The censu 
of the Church rent i the authors o| 

these acts would I • _ owerfut wenpon 

which Uod would cmpluy lor the defeat of hii 
enemies. His Holiness concluded by exhorting 
the '* generals " to tra*i in God and pray. 

13. — ^A company of British seamen ami 
marines repulse an attack by A ?h an tees on thdi 
castle of Elmiua. The town had previously 
been burnt, in consequence of the inhabitant 
giving arms and shelter to tlie Asltantces, soim 
3»ooo of M-hom advanced upon the castle. 
They were met by the marines sent out from 
Jilngland in her ^^Ajesty's ship BafroiUfUiat bj 
small-arm men and marines landed from hc( 
Majesty's ships, and also a body of Houssai*^ 
The action lasted some hours, and the ' ' 
were driven back with the loss of 
killed and a large numl>ci woundcU 
from other than Admiralty sources made men 
tion of an impending attack on Cape CoasI 
Castle by Ashantces, mustering 30,000 strong] 
about fifteen miles from the town. 

— Died, at Crossmyloof, near Glasgow, age^l 
84, Mrs. Thomson, daughter of the poet Bm 
by Helen Ann Park— ** Annie wi' the gowdc( 
locks"— a servant at the Globe tavern, Duir* 
fries, whose child wxs rocked in the same cra-iN 
with Mrs. Hams*» own infant as ''aneiboutj 
bairn/' 



-DtccJ, ftgcd 93, Frederick von Raumer, 
sn historian, 

— Lonl Derby, speaking at the Society of 

kfts dbpules I he wisdom of the proposal that 

; Sute ahuuld lake over the railways. The 

" :, he said, "had no security that railways 

I not he supersctled as coaches and canak 

The inventive powers of the human 

I not be Uroiteil. What would have 

rif the Government of the day had 

RFiip stage coaches and canals?" Lord 

Jcrby thought ako there was much in the 

nt tliAt the State administration of the 

( wouklput the G(»vemment in posses- 

r tk powcml engine of corruption. Still, 

^ did not deny that the t^uestion might have 

t tc cntcrtoinetl hereafter. 

14,— The Court ot Queen's Bench declines 
grant a criminal infominiion agahist Mr. 
Plitn^r^ll for a Uljel on Mr> Norwood, M.P., 
' lit refuses Mr. PlimsoU his costs. 

15.— The first ** Hospital Sunday" held in 
ondon : above 27,400/. collected in connec- 
on with the ditTercnt servicer. 

Fn^gemcnt l^tween Republican and 
[•^ near Tri^ta, Cnlalojiia, the latter 
111 utly the advantage. 

L— Replying to a memorial with 60,200 
juaturcs against Romish teaching in the 
Uturch of England, the Archbishops of Caii- 
srtiUfy and York write: — ^** We wish to state 
lAt we do not consider it to be the duly of the 
»hop:n to undertake judicial proceedings upon 
complaint of a violation of the rubrics, or 
f>on every charge of unsound doctrine that 
be laid before them ; obviously it cannot 
' ' ■' r the Church should i>e hnira>sed 
ing dragged into an unlimited 
_ , _ial invest igat ions founded upon 
and counter -charges made by contend- 
(logical parlies against their opponents, 
ground of alleged excess or defect in 
iiing to the ritual and preaching the 
e of the Church. . . , W tth regard to 
rticular mailers of ceremonial and doc- 
which yon direct our attentioii. we wish 
•aw a readiness everywhere manifested on 
p:irt of the laity to use all the legitimate 
hich is vcste<i in thera, through the 
churchwardens, and all their per* 
icnce to check the growth of Koman- 
^ icics. The laity in many parishes 
luer, more effectual than any drend 
pro^eaition, of preventing impn>per changes 
riitr\\ «*isfl extravagance in doctrine : nnd we 
liijt they occasionally show a grent 
It use their power. . . . W'c live in 

tall n- — -: ' '■■■'■■■ ^ ' -,nly 

nl, and V, ,.n 

ever \^ _ _ ^ __ __ ..uiy 

opinion, in every state, in evciT' 

im»tnih'. abmri*! in evrry f;imi1y, 

I ' ■■. be 



II 



If'C-lfJ' J f-f J Ji. 



such as your petition has brought prominently 
before us. It is an open question whether the 
lendencici to superstition or to infidelity, or 
those old tendencies of unregeneratc human 
nature to a dull and heartless indifference, 
which, more than either sujvtrstition or unbe- 
lief, leave the hcirt open to the assaults of 
immorality, are most to be deprecaletl. But 
we rejoice to trace many hopeful signs in the 
Church of which we are ministers, and to note 
an increase of religious life in the whole nation.*' 

16. — The Grand Duke Ciarcwitch and the 
Grand Duchess Czarcvna, with two sons, 
arrive at Woolwich on a visit to her Majesty 
and the Prince and Princess of Wales. 

— Members of the Middlesex Bicycle Club 
who leXt Loudon on Whit-Monday (the 2nd 
inst.) complete their journey to John O'GroatV, 
a distance of 800 miles, showing an average 
daily speed of about 60 miles. 

— The Ivondon Nonconformist Committee 
form resolutions expressing ^*lhe utmost dis- 
satisfaction" at the GovcrTJment proposals for 
the amendment of the Education Act, which 
the committee regard as ** conceived in the 
interests of Denominalionalisin, calculaletl to 
disappoint the just expectations of Noncon- 
formists, and interposing new difficulties in tiie 
fc^lablishraent of a really national system of 
education. *' 

17.— Sir Robert Anstrotbcr introduces, but 
withdraws after debate, a motion favouring the 
alxilition of patronage in the Church of Scot- 
land, Mr. Gladstone suggesting a Parliamentary 
inquiry into the subject next year. 

IS.— His Majesty the Shah amvcsat Dover, 
aufl is received by the Duke of Edinburgh and 
Prince Arthur on behalf of her Majesty. 
Charing Cross was reached late in the after- 
noon, and a triumphal progress made along the 
route to Buckingham Palflicc. 

— Mr. Fawcett's bill for transferring the 
expense of Parliamentary elections from candid 
dales to the local rates thrown out in the Com- 
mons on the proposal for a second reading by 
205 to 91 votes. 

— Dr. Hcurtley, Margaret Professor of Divi 
nity, Oxford, publishes a prutest against con 
ferring an honorary degree on Piofessor Tyn- 
d;dl, on the giound that he had signalized 
himself by denying the credibility of miracle* 
and the efficacy of prayer. 

10. — The Cape and Zanriliar matt contracts 
referred to a Select Committee. 

— Died, Mr, David Robertson, of Lady- 
kirk, recently elevated to the peerage with ih^ 
title of Lord Marjoribanks. 

— The Shah receives the member? of the 
Diplomatic Body aiid her Majesty's Minislcn 
ftt Buckingham P.ilace. In the evenings, th.ej 
Prince of \V JiW% \;^\ci a. ^\tv\\w \Tv\vw«jvkx »A\> 



JUNE 



1873. 



yrxE 



so. — The crew of the Polar is, American 
Arctic Kxpcdition, picked up by the A'avtrus- 
craiif (Dundee whaler) twenty miles souih of 
Cape York, proceed uig southward in boats. 

— The Shah is received by the Queen at 
Winds T, and afterwards attends a grand ball 
given ir his honour at the Guildhall. 

SI. — The Czarcwitch and Czarcvna received 
by the Queen at Windsor. 

— Came on for trial, l)efore Mr. Justice 
Denman and a special jury, the case of Little- 
ton V. Gounod, in which the plaintiff, repre- 
senting tlie firm of Novello and Company, sued 
the musical composer for damages in so far as 
he had Mritten that he had been "mulcted" 
of certain sums of money, and otherwise made 
impHtations upon plaintiff's taste as a music 
publisher. Veidict for plaintiff— damages 4cxr. 
with costs. 

aa. — Naval review at Spithead in honour 
of the Shah; and "reception" at the Allwrt 
Hall in the evening. Next day the troops 
were reviewed in Windsor Park before the 
Queen and her illustrious guest. 

ft^ — Died, aged 63, Thornton I^igh Hunt, 
journalist, eldest son of Leigh Hunt, poet and 
essayist. 

— Sir Arthur Guinness magnnnimuusly 
withdraws from finrther prosecuting the libel 
charge preferred before a Dublin bench against 
Sir John Gray, for a paragraph in the /hv*- 
fnat?s Journal making erroneous reftcctions on 
Sir Arthur's domestic life. 

— The Khan of Khiva issues a procla- 
mation abolishing slavery: — ** Penetrated by 
veneration for the Emperor of Russia, I declare 
all slaves in the empire of Khiva to be free, 
and the slave trade abolished for ever. I com- 
mand the immediate execution of this onler, 
and severe punishment will be inflicted in case 
of refusal. All liberated slaves enjoy equal 
rights with my other subjects, and are permitted 
to remain in the Khanate. Should they wish to 
return to their native country, special measures 
will be taken. The liberated slaves are to 
assemble at the nearest market towns, and to 
present themselves to the authorities, who will 
inscribe their names on lists and inibrm the 
Khan of the numl>er of liberated slaves." 

a5. — The German Parliament prorogued by 
Prince Bismarck in name of the Lmperor. 

— Decree published in the Italian official 
Gazette putting in force the bill for the sup- 
pression of religious bodies in Rome. 

ae —The Public Worship Facilities Bill 
framed to enai)le the diocesan, with the con- 
sent in writing of the incumbent of a parish, 
and, in certain circumstances, on the applica- 
tion in writing of twenty-five or more of the 
parishioners, to license a clergyman of the 
Church of England to officiate in any school- 
room or other suitable building, consecrated or 
unconsecrated, rejected in the House of Lords 
oa the proposal for a second reading by 62 to 

MI08 



Sa. — Mr. Korstcr moves the annual Educa- 
tion vote— 1,299,603/. 

117. — Died, at Florence, Hiram Powers, an 
American sculptor, whose ** Greek Nl.ivc ' ox 
cited much interest in the Exiiibiiioii of 185 1. 

— Lord Stanhope's motion for an address 
to the Queen, praying her Majesty to take into 
consideration the institution of an Order of 
Merit to be bestowctl l)y her Majesty as a sign 
of her royal approbation upon men who liave 
deserved well of their country in science, lite- 
rature, and art, negatived after a brief dis- 
cubMon. 

ft9. — The Deerhound^ detained some tlays 
at Plymouth, on suspicion of being laden \n iih 
arms for the Carlists, permitted to sail. 

— Reception of the foreign ambassadors in 
audience for the first time by the Emperor of 
China at Pekin. 

80. — Mr. Gladstone announces amendments 
to the Judicature Bill, with the view of establish- 
ing one final Court of Apjieal for the United 
Kingdom. 

— intelligence received of the safe arrival of 
Sir Samuel iJaker at Khartoum. The country, 
he reportetl, as far as the equator, had been 
annexed to tlte Egyptian dominion, and the 
slave trade completely put down. Sir .Samuel, 
Ijidy Baker, and pariy had sailed from (iun- 
dokoro in one of the steamers which had been 
takx:n up country for the navigation of the 
lakes, occupying about thirty-two days on the 
journey. 

— The Chief Secretary for Ireland suj^- 
gests to the Commissioners of National Educa- 
tion an addition to their rules to meet such 
cascsasMr.O'KeeflTe's: — ** The Commissioners 
also reserve to themselves the power of wiih- 
diawing the recognition of a patron or local 
manager, if he shall fail to observe the rules of 
the Board, or if it shall appear to them that 
the e<lucational interest of the district retpiire 
it ; but such recognilitm will not be withdrawn 
without an investigation into the above matters, 
held after due notice to the patron or local 
manager, and to all parties concerned." The 
Commissioners unanimously agree to accept 
the new rule. 

— Anti-Confessional meeting in Exeter Hall 
presided over by the Earl of Shaftesbury, who 
spoke of the decision of the bishops as * * mealy- 
mouthed " and ** contemptible," and after 
speaking of the confessional in strong lan- 
guage, concluded by saying : — '* There was one 
test he would apply to those who were labour- 
ing to introduce the confessional into the 
Church. Would they appoint female con- 
fessors? (l*rolonged cheering followed this 
question.) That was a test by which it would 
fall to the winds, because, il" female confessors 
were appointed every confessional-box in Eng- 
land would be broken up for firewoo<l in six 
weeks. Who was to blame for all the scandal 
in the Church ? (Here there were cries which 



IflLstcil ftome tiine^ *The bis1io)>$, the bishops,*) 

~T ibe Chunih of Fnglaml wavci-etl in allfgiance 

> licr pimciplcs tlien let her go. Crhis was 

"jfCti wuh loufi cheers, and cric-s of ' All 

iKho{:i« with her,' renewnnj vociferous 

ig, which lasteti for s«^me time.)" 

30. — Public reception of his Majesty the 
"hah at the Crynd l*£ildc«. 

Dicti, ii(;cil 82, M alt lie w Marshall, for 
kriy ihiiij jcut^ chief cAifiier of the Hank of 
KlftiuL 

Sir Charles Wheatstone elected an A»0' 
of the French Academy of Sdcnces in 
pm of [he ble Baron Liebit^. 

J«ly I. — Came on before the House of 

rfirUs I he appeal case of ^fordaunt v. Mon* 

rieffe* guardian, the pleadings ending tn a 

efcrencc to the Judges, suggcstcfi by Lord 

pielmsford, " Wherhtr, under the Act 20 ai>d 

Vict., ]■ for the diisoluuon of a 

arriage l. ated or proceeded with, 

on Ikiilji -1 *A' fi^inst a lijsband or 

prife who, Ix4<»re the proccctlingi were insti- 

jltcd, ha* Iwrcome incurably lunatic?" The 

amed Judges having retjuestcd time lo con* 

dcr their answer, the further consideration 

%ras adjourned. 

I — Meeting trf" the Education league and 

^K^ inibts at the Wesiminsiter Pabce 

^Hl he purpose of considering propo&cd 

^^ktii'.iriiii ,jL:» in (he Education Act. Mr. Ikighl 
^^kmarketl, that white he thought the Act of 
^^HSjo was the very worst Act which had ever 
' been pa^»ed by any Liberal Government &incc 

I the Reform Act of 1832, still it was now a 

^^■neslaoin of what amendment was praclic.ibtc, 
^^Ppd tb<re was no doubt that it wns not pos- 
^^^We to pass such a measure as the meeting 
«ranted« He warned thoin against an impul* 
live breaking away fruni the Liberal party. It 
was csasier to smash up than to restore, and 
they might possibly find, when they had shat- 
tered the party, as sonic of the speakers had 
threatened to do, they would be in a Worse 
And wr^i.-r ,....,M..n than they were before. — 
Reiol >:<\ condemning the bill, 

_and P ■: upon Liberal members 

he lIo\ii«i nj( Comnmns the desirability of 
eriiig it the most strenuous opposition. 

[ -* liJe of Msn Railway opened by the Duke 
TSiatherland. 

1- Died oi Paris, aged 75. the Marquis dc 
Simon, descendant of the author of the 
klebf»led ** M^ moires." 

L— The Shah proceeds again to Windsor to 

ytif a second visit to her Majesty. 

9. — lo C^mimince on the Jadicaturc Bill, 

r, Dtiraeli referud to lIjc anouiaUe:; 'o which 

nieaaufe muM f^ivc ri»e, and advised the 

nenT ' ' ' ■ ' ' * - 'be 

S qH •> 

.rir d 



these objections as going to the root of the bill, 
and were inseparable from the * -u of 

a Court of Appeal He antici; ul* 

vani:igc from the mixture of ju,^- ^ ,1 dc- 
rivlrd the notion that the nldciit men could not 
be obtained from the Scotch and Irish bars. Ai 
to the iniermediatc ap|>cal, he did not admit 
the necessity for its abol tiun, but it was a 
point about which no decisti>n had yet been 
arrived at* There would he ample opportunity 
for discussing the whole question when the bill 
was rccommitteil, and there was no necessity, 
therefore, Uir postponement. 

3. — Diiicovery of a comet by M. Temple^ 
from the Observatory, Milan. 

— New Atlantic Telegraph cable success* 
fully laiil. 

^ Died, suddenly, aged 57, Prince Ponia 
towski, a distinguished musical amateur. 

— New Spanish Constitution promulgated^ 
The president to be elected for four ycani, and 
not to be eligible for re-election. Deputies nt»t 
to hold ofiice as Ministers. The army, navy, 
railways, telegraphs, cuiitoms, and finances to 
be under the control of the Central Govern- 
ment. A national militia, with compuUory 
service, to be eitlahlished. Two sessions of the 
Cortea every year, and the members to be paid, 

A. — ^Lord Redesdale introduces, but with- 
draws after discussion, a motion for oji address 
to the Crown, praying her Majesty to attach 
official peerages to the ofiTiccs of Lord Chan- 
cellor, of the two Chid" Justices, and of the 
Chief Bauron of Exchequer. 

5. — The Shah leaves London, and embarks 
at Dov^r for Cherbourg, arriving at Paris next 
day. 

— The French National Assembly decide 
that a bEl for instituting a parliamentary in* 
quiry into the condition o( the French collieries, 
and the best means of augmenting their pro- 
ductive capacity in accordance with the re- 
quirements of commerce, should be treated 
as *' urgenL" 

— The Inman steamer Cify (f Washington 
wrecked in a fog on the Gull Kock Bar, Nova 
Scotia ; crew and passengers saved. 

7. — Mr. GloiUtone announces the abandon- 
ment of ¥.1110115 Government measures for the 
present se^^sion. 

— Duel at Essanges, on the border of the 
Ltixcmbourg territory, between M. Ranc and 
M. Paul Cas-agnac, each receiving a slight 
kword-cut in the arm. 

— Replying to an appeal on behalf of the 
National (Education) Society, Eart Ku^'^cll 
writes that he was ** aware it was founded in 
\%\ I with the view of su|>erseding the British 
and Foreign Society in the work of edncatioUt 
and excluding the children of all parents who 
cmlftacc the Chnstian faith without bclmjging 
to the Church frtim the lx*ncfits of Cfiiica'iuin, 

I am aware, atso, that itiaja^j oC VVvt \\A:t*:j^TSs\ 
clctigy ol the v^t\ev\\. da^^j *tt Vtvt\i*^\'*i Vi ^>i 



WLy 



i^7i' 



7c/iy\ 




_restoratioii of those practices wbicli lc<l to 

os» ahtises» and to the reformalion of the 

I fear that if encoun4»cmciii to the 

actice of confession be fostered* the desire to 

libvert the principles of the Reformation uill 

(lin ground. I itiereforc remain steadfast in 

; conviction that the daily reading of a por- 

on of the Bible is a nece-s^ary condition of any 

education for the general nioAs of the 

©♦—Lord Cairns states in the House of 
Lords that the changes proposed by the Go- 
veiTimenl in the Juditaturc Hill were violations 
of the privileges of the Upper House, in so 
far as the extension of the new court to Scot- 
land and Ireland was a palpable inrringcinettt 
of the rule that any enactment alTecling the 
jurisdiction of thcii" lordships must comnience 
in their own House, and could not be alttred 
elsewhere. It was afterwards intimated by 
Mr. Ciladstone Lhat» to avoid a conflict between 

I he two Houses, Govemment would propose 
hat it he left to the Lords voluntarily to sur- 
coder their appellate jurisdiction in England 
x\d Scotland. This proposal was afterwards 
abandoned. 
?^ 



Mr, Richards carries a resolution in the 
ommons in favour of international arbitration 
a means of preventing wars, by 98 to S8 
otes. 



— In the CJtse of Karrell and Harting v, 
Gordon, in which it \vn.% &ou^ht to set aside the 

I rill of the late Haroncss Weld on llie grouncl 
f undue influence, the Court of rmbnle ]>ro- 
ounccs in Tivour of the will and codicils^ with 
uslB against the defendants, 
— The brothers Goldsmith and their sister 
Lebccca sentenced at the Ccntml Criminal 
'ourt to various terms of penal servitude for 
btaining jewellery under false pretences, and 
Itediig various forged bills of exchange, 
— Lord Gifford delivers judgment at Kdin- 
burgh in the acuon for scpanition and aliment 
* y Lady Pollolc of Pollok against her hus- 
and. Sir Hew Crawfuni Pollok, which had 
ecn before the Scotch courts for some time, 
lordship found that the defender acted 
aelly to his wife, and granted the separation 
sked for, with 500/. per annum aliment. The 
ill men t claimed was t.ooo/, a year 

The Spanish Govemment issues a mani* 
(sto declaring that the most pressing and im- 
ortant tnsk before it is *' to put an end to the 
[vil war now devastating Catalonia, Navarre, 
nd the Basque Provinces, Wc arc preparing 
9 make a supreme cflTort for that purpose by 
he application of the extraordinary powers 
anted by the Cortes." The manifesto stated, 

[ in order to achieve liberty the (lovernment 
id resolved to exact the inexomble execution 

Ihc law, and to comi>el soldicis to remain 

rith their colours until the comp)'!-' i.^iTM-fi, 

o/" the country shall be , 1. 

? Gu \*ernment asked the avpi nji . i n - 

If/0 



teer corps already organized, and urged them 
** to display against the partisans of Absolutism 
the warlike spirit of which they have already 
given so many proofs/* 

a— Dieil at Frankfort, aged 68,Herr Winter* 
halter, German painter. 

— Died at Oxford, ftged 85, R*v. Jubn 
Wilson, D.D., formerly President of Trinity* 
Dn Wilson took a first-class in classics in 
tSoij (the late Dean Gaisford being one of hi* 
examiners), the year after Sir Robert Peel had 
obtained a dovd>ledir5t, while Mr* Kcble took 
his degree in the ;^uhs<e<iuent yean He vas 
appointed president of his college in 1850, 
but resigned the ofHce in 1S66* 

B, — Diplomatic reception in uniform, in 
honour of the Shah, held in Paris for the first 
time since the fall of the Empire, 

10. — Prince Bismarck ceases to be amcmbet 
of the Prusiuin cabinet, and is succeeded by 
Herr von lialan as Foreign Secretary, 

— A Communist rising at Alcoy, in Spain, 
where the mayor, with other officers, were 
murderx?d, and several public Imitdtngs set on 
fire, A new Ministry was ioon afterward^ 
formed. 

II, — Mr. Mitcliell Henry calls attention m 
the Commons to the presence of "strangers," 
which leotls to the reporters being turned out 
of their gallery, and a complaint by himself 
and Mr. Whalley as to the imperfect manner 
in vvhiclt their speeches were reported --a result 
which the hon, memlier for Pelcrborough 
attributed to the circumstance that many of 
the reporters were Roman Catholics^ 

— The Duke of Edinburgh betrothed to 
the Grand Duchess Marie of Russia, at Ingcn* 
heim. 

12. — Loss of the steamer Sif^aport off Caiie 
Guardafui, East Africa, 

14. — In Committee on th* Judicature ISill, 
the Attorney- Gcneml, by 174 to 129 votes, 
catTics a clause providing that no I^ord Chan< 
ccllor hereafter shall receive a pension who 
has not sat ten years on the woolsack, or served 
fifteen years as an ordinary judge, unless he 
give his consent in writing to serve as an 
additional judge of the Court of ,\pi>e.\l, — Mr, 
Want Hunt objected to this limitation, con- 
tending that it would prevent the Government 
from obtaining the best men. — The Attorney" 
General replied that the ex-Chancellors woin L 
be relieved from I he legal duties which Ih"?/ 
had hitherto performed, and i>ointctl to the 
engagement of Lord West bury and Lonl 
Cairns in arbitration cases as grounds for 
dcoriving Lord Chancellors of their pensions, 
— Mr, Gal home Hardy reminded the Atlorney- 
General tliat these duties Juid been imposed cm 
Ix;ird West bury and l^ird Cairns by Acts of 
Parliament. -Mr. Bouveric was of opmifm 
that this circumstance had nothing to do wdh 
the ciucaiou, The proposed arnin^cmeni 



1 



7LY 



1873- yULV- 



nlf! tIfHTnuk the office of Lord Clmna-llor 

I he holder of it to the ^lOsitioii uf 

jydgc. — Mr, Cilatl^fonc aiul Mr. 

44:4 that this limitation wuuW deter 

no*l men at the bar from actcytt- 

it Seal, and defended tlie justice of 

Pt!15w that the law lords wens retirved froiD 
Icir Ic(£al duties. 
14 ^-Tlie UKIand mo&uinent at Tubingen 
Rveilcd. 

The Miirquis of Biilc lectures in a Roman 
Kthohc stht.KjlrcKjm, Tower Hill, on **'i'hc 
[lirinek of the Holy Land/' 
le.— Uaranctcy conferred on l^rd Mayor 
^AtcrioWf ill tonncclion with the visit of the 
[jliah to I he city. %nA for having (wrote Mr, 
^rtone) *'d<kcneil f4> well of the pcnptc 
^1 great niclropolit for his intclHg^cnt and 
Sigahlc pbibnihropy/* Each of the 
'\ rcLcMvcd ihe honour of knighthood. 
Dan L'ailos i^eenters Spain, and issues 
prtK-'bin^Uon lo the voluntecre fighting in his 
[Timr *!r|>lMring ihc blindness of the army, 
'ten centuries of glory under 
flag," Leaving the French 
^j*,..^^ ... ..nu early in the morning, Don 
tltr* and hi* party Iravcllc*! for three hours 
ugh the hils and forests of St. Vi and 
arc At a tmall ion just on the other side of 
frontier, and clu^ to the foot of PcRa de 
* ita, the Man]uij> V;d 1. ' General 

Mga were waiting \\\ nt with 

f^ staff and an escort* 1 .. ^ ,,. 1. 1 ^ having 
aluted Don Carlos as ihcir king and kissed 
lis hand, he procccilcd to change his travelling 
ostume for a brilUant uniform that had been 
iroufiht over licforehand, and then, attended 
f ihoisc air ■ * jonrt^cy 

111 he re.-! irnurdy, 

^Vhcre a hc-;v,T .^^.^ . i. 

17.— In moviim the fccond reading of the 

Ed^icalion Act Aruendrocnt Bill, Mr Forster 
cuplainefl the course which Ministers con- 
lemjdaled in the fkce of the objections raised 
in varitHU tjuartere against some of its pro- 
v>5io«i% and p.triiculaily to the third clause. 
The uhjt-^jt of the ctaiu^e was twofold — first, lo 
w*ciire cthic^d >n for all the children of out- 
,■ r - ' -lly, to transfer lo 

5 lerlaiti conditions, 

, ,^. , or in part, i^chool 

itr\ lor the chiiaicn uf indi|^enl parents* It 
1ft --s tn The latter pro|:t<:)sal Uint objection had 
I 1 by boards of gn.^riiian-s school 

I I ceitain religious ikiuiminations, 

- '" - - f prepared to persist 

I . ^. He pionosed, 

the clauic all that 

jiiifiion telinijg lo the transfer of the powers 

in !«r ihc ^%y\\ section nf the Edacation Act 

V, ,^ ■ It was also pro- 

-- ,; : . ions of Dcniirfjn's 

■■ ^ >'- in the 

<1 for a 

72 vote^M 



IT*— * Promalgation of the new Spanbb 

constitution, declaring Cuba, Porto Rico, the 
Philippines, and Fernando Po as two tcrri* 
lories. 

— Her Majesty in Council signifies her 
Oi^sent to the marriage between the Duke of 
Edinburgh and the Grand Duchess Marie of 
Russia* 

18.— Died, aged 76, Alderman Sir David 
Salomons, Bart., M.P.. the fii^t Jew permitted 
to lake his seal in the House of Commons. 

— Coronation of King Oscar and Queen 
Sophia at the calhcdnU of Drontheiin, Norw^ay. 

— Resignation of Pi-y-Maigall*s Ministr)* at 
Madrid ; a new Ministry formed by Salmeron, 

19« — Died, through theeffecLi of a fall from 
his horse, the Right Rev, Samuel \Vill»crforcc, 
D.D., Bishop of Winchester. Accompanied 
by Lord Granville the Bishop left London to- 
day (Saluiday) by the Soulli- Western Uaibvay, 
with the intention of paying a short visit to the 
Hon. Edward Frederick Lcvcson-Gower, of 
Ilolmbury, near Dorking, where Mr. Gladstone 
had armed to meet them* At Leathcrhcad 
they were met by a groom with horses. The 
Bishop mounted one which, on account of its 
quietnes^s, was a sj>ecial favourite with Lord 
Granville. Aficr passing Burford Bridge Hotel 
they went off the high road, and, leaving 
Dorking in the valley, made I heir way over 
Ranmove Common, From this point they 
pursued the bridleroad towTirds Leithdiilh 
Beyond Ackhurst Down*, Lord Granville* licing 
very familiar with this part of the country,, 
led the way down ihe hdl towards Abinger, and 
arrived on a piece of moorland locally known 
as '*Eversheds rough," The waggon road 
here being full of ruts, they left it for the turf» 
which was light and springy, but not gootl 
galloping ground. The Bishop and Lord 
Granville were in convers-ilion when the 
Bishop's horse stumblc<l, it was believeil over 
a stone, and threw its rider forward, Dealh 
appeareil to have been in&tantaneous, as the 
bishop fell on his heail, and, turning completely 
over, dislocAlcd his neck. The Ixxly was con- 
veyed lo Abingrr Hull, the scat of Mr. Farrer, 
Sccielary of the Board of Trade, The Bishop, 
wfio was bom on the 7th September, 1S05, was 
third son of Witham Wdtji-norce, celebrated fur 
the part he look in the alKililion of the slave 
trade. Dr, Wilberfurcc was consecrated Bishop 
of Oxford in 1845 and translated to Winchester 
in 1869. His last tmhlic utterance was in the 
House of l^rds on tne isth inst, when, in reply 
lo l^rd Oranmore's accusation of complicity 
with the Ritualists, he close*.! with the worth, **I 
hate and abhor the attempt to Romanize the 
C hurch of England ; and 1 will never heir any 
one make such a charge without telling him to 
his face that he is guilty of grt^s misreprc* 
sentation.** 

— Died at Veoicc, letd IS* H. VVvxWtNJt 
r basics ?t«fic\^ c«a^ «nA <^T^vu 

WW 



JULY 



^873. 



JUL Y 



19.— Tlie Shah leaves Paris for Vienna by 
way of Geneva. 

SO. — Died at his residence, I^nncaster Gate, 
flg^*^ 73» Hichard Itethell, I^rd Wcstbury, 
\a')\'\ Chancellor 1861-65, one of the most 
distinjjiiished of modem lawyers, and a zealous 
advocate of reform in his profession. His 
lordship was busily enj^aged during the past 
twelve months as arbitrator under the Kuro- 
jiean Assurance Society Arbitration Act of 
1872, and had in that short time heard and 
decided many of the principal points brought 
l^efore him. His decisions gave great satis- 
faction to the policyholders, especially his 
interpretation of the novation question, and the 
decisive way in which he dealt with attempted 
fraudulent transfers of shnres. At the last 
sitting his lordship was so unwell as to require 
to be supported on his couch by pillows, and 
since that time he suffered acutely from inflam- 
mation of the upper vertebnc, and latterly from 
a cerebral disease. 

ftl. — Most of the newspapers comment this 
(Monday) morning on the death of Dr. Wil- 
l)erforce and Lord Westbury, the Times re- 
markini]; that it was seldom that within one day 
England suffered such an intellectual loss. In 
the House of Lords the Duke of Richmond 
describeti the latter as attaining to the highest 
xank which it was ]>ossible for a layman in this 
country to occupy by his overwhelming talents 
and his great eloquence, while the former he 
liad for many years the privilege and gratifica- 
tion of claiming as a most intimate personal 
friend, whose genial social qualities would leave 
a great gap among a wide circle of sorrowing 
acquaintances Next evening Lord Granville 
said that, sometimes in the House and sometimes 
out of it, their lordships were apt to depreciate 
themselves ; but he thought it remarkable that 
two such losses shouM have occurred to that 
assembly within twenty four hours, and yet 
should have left the House not entirely bare. 

— Writing to the Times on the subject of 
the Zanzibar Mail Contract, n'>t with reference 
to its philanthropic or political asix^ct, but 
as regards the utdity of the Kast African line 
as a }x>stal service. Sir Bartle Frere says that 
he found on the Kast African coast during his 
late mission an amount of commerce far exceed- 
ing what he had been le<l to exjject All this 
commerce was increasmg, and was capable of 
great and rapid development The greatest 
obstacle to its increase was the want of regular 
postal communication. 

— The Duke of Richmond's motion for 
a Royal Commission to inquire into the griev- 
ances which the officers of the armyall<^ they 
suffer from the abolition of purchase, carried 
against Ciovemment by 129 to 46 votes. His 
Grace afterwards commented on a speech at- 
tributed to the Duke of St. Ali)ans at Notting- 
ham, where he was said to have affirmed that 

the Queen's earViest views of government were 
^^'ded by the Libersd leader of the day, Lord 



Melbourne, and that "she is supposed never 
to have forgotten the principles ami party of 
her teacher;'' his Grace declaring that he had 
"never heanl anything more irregidar, more 
unconstitutional, or more UJicommon" than the 
remarks atlribute<l to the Duke of .St. Albans, 
and "without desiring to make too much of 
them," he protested that they were an insult to 
the Queen. The Duke of St. Albans defende<l his 
s|>eech at Nottingham, but disclaimed any wish 
to make his observations i>ersonal. 

&&. — Mr. Can<llish's proposal to repeal the 
25th clause of the Educational Act rejected in 
the Commons by 200 to 98 votes. 

&3. — Mr. Trevelyan's Household Suffrage 
in Counties Bill "talked out," but not before 
Mr. For iter, and through him Mr. Gla<l stone, 
confined to his room by illness, had expressc^.1 
their approval of the measure. 

— Died, aged 77, Geoi^e Carr Glyn, Ix)rd 
Wolverton, leading to the elevation to the 
Upper House of the Lil)cral " whipper-in," the 
Hon. G. G. Glyn, M.P. for Shaftesbury. (See 
Aug. 30.) 

— A Committee of the Upper House of 
Convocation submit a report describing the 
position of the Church with reference to con- 
fession and the exceptional cases in which she 
permittwl its use. Such special provisions, 
however, it was siid, "do not authorize the 
ministers of the Church to require from any 
who may repair to them to open their grief in 
a particular or detailed examination of all their 
sins, or to require private confession as a con- 
dition previous to receiving the Holy Com- 
munion, or to enjoin or even encourage any 
practice of habitual confession to a priest, or 
to teach that such practice or habitual confes- 
sion, or the being subject to what has been 
termed the direction of a priest, is a condition 
of attaining to the highest spiritual life." 

— Treaty of Commerce between England 
and France, signed at Versailles. 

&4. — The Zanzibar Mail Contracts Com- 
mittee report that they are of opinion that tlie 
contracts of the 8th of May should not l^e con- 
firmed ; "but, seeing that the Union Steam.shij) 
Company has incurred ex|xjnses, and has for 
six months carried out a ser\'ice, the terms of 
which they only accepted in consider.ition of 
other advantages, consider that before offering 
the service to a rival company or putting it up 
to public tender, the Government should afford 
the Union Steam.ship C<»mpany the opp'»riuniiy 
of electing to retain the service on fair and 
reasonable terms." 

— The Shah arrives at Turin, and is received 
by the King, Princes, Ministers, and municipal 
authorities. 

as.— Tlie Rating (Liability and Value) Bill 
rejected in the Lords by 59 to 43 votes. 

— Tlic Etlucation Act Amendment Bill 
read a third time in the Commons. 




1 



yULY 



1873. 



JULY 



•*' — Fifjhtin?? 9t Mnlagii. in Spain, between 
r r of lUe tily* 

I it^, in which 

next tlay. 

— Fire x\ IlaUimorc, de^roying property in 
the centre of the city csttmaicd to be wojih one 
nuJUon dolbni. 

— The late UUhop of Winchester biirlctl nt 
Woobvington^near reiworth, Sus^k» of which 
niAnof he wa^i lord, in virtue of hi> wife, Miss 
San^rni. The Cjuecn and Koyal Family were 
T -1 on the occasion, and mo&t of the 
V And Oxford cltryy were present 

...M. «,;..., Mnrriflgcof the Duke 
1 wi both HoiiM-*s of 

1 : to mtikc additional 

pfvvt»ioti fur hi9 Ruyitl Hij^hnes^. 

— Message l>ro«ght down from the Crown 
in answer to the reccni addre&s of the House 
of Lords relntive to discontent in the Army. 
TTie message concbided wilh a statcmctit that 
certain casc^ which have appeared lo f^ll williin 

dncipic of the Army Rcjjiilation Act, 

"ithey were not fonnally included within 

ds, woidd be KuHnnltw in annual votes 

iiavonrnble Conside ation of Piirlinmcnt, 

It her Majeity ha> nlso directed that the 

■ in the nicmurials of the 

:ld be rarefully e.tatnined 

,.;.![), in *)rdcr to A;scertJ.Jn 

' any of them fall ^Hthin the principle 

may lie properly dealt with by» the 

bmm of pruceedings. 

Utcr three trials Sub- Inspect or Monl- 
ery is ftmmJ j^udty of the timnler of Mr. 
Jlans li«ank cashtcr, Ncwlotistcwarl, and sen- 
ni^etl lo be executed un the- 2Aih f*f Aupist. 
I he verdict bcinv; aiiiiuuuticd tlu- jtrj^uner 
ftdc a Uaij; statement, 4:onfc-iiNinci t^if rmirdcr, 
nd fia)ing that he had been a drunken man fur 
urclve mmuh!» previously. The wcapun, he 
fterwaiiU cxpUincd, was lying on the bank 
lldc, uncoMcealc*K Mr. Glavs i^w it and 
htm what 'i** " - *:: "ing to do with it. 
rijioner re, ic was dangerous, 

nmenced : l; it al>4:>ut his head, 

\ the decea^^d oh I) lauj^licd, Mr Glass then 
ncii round tn look nt a map on the wallt and 
k him a hcas^ blow on the 
I round and Irjokt-d, but he 
.4 do kinviluF.r Afterwards he 
^11 on the tioor, M< u down and 

*n to read the i* !dttr till Mr. 

|Utt was dca4. tic hid tile weat>on and 
<y m hU kleewe in ihe e^xhcX way »liown by 
pa* '' splashed all 

M of hit boots, 
i. ,. , He washed 

tk^ out the next momtng with a sponj^e 
Her* One of the Inmdlcs of note* hnd 
overct!, and he did not know what 
•of it. He hid the notr» in Grunge 
' ' nler^ but he 

•r the weapon 



flO. — The French Assembly prorogued. 
President MacMahon causing a Message to be 
read, intimating that before they met again 
foreign occupation would have ceased. 

— Mr. Cross's motion of censure on the 
Post-Ufhce administration rejected by 161 to 
lli« and Sir Jolm Lubbock's amendment ex- 
pressing regret at the appropriation of money 
without the consent of ParUament agreed to. 

30.— Discussion mised by Mr. Bouvcric in 
the Commons on Ministerial responsibility, 
arising out of ditfercnces in the depnrimcnis 
presided over by Mr. Ayrion and Mr. Lowe. 

— Archbishop M.innin;T expresses approval 
of a desire mamf Mjig the Catholic laity 
to enter unon n ; to Paiay le Monial, 
a small village ^-Mtn^^ -i.uutcc from Paris, which 
aopiired its reputation as a centre for pilgrim^ 
ages from the lact that, according to the Roman 
Catholic belief, jiisi 200 years ago the Saviour 
appeared llierc lo the " blessed " Mary Margaret 
Alacoque, and intrusted to her 1. message to 
propagate the ivorY.hip of the Sacred Heart. 
** It is/* wrote the Aichbtshop, "an act of 
faith in the sight of the woria, which seems 
every day becoming more and more irncon- 
sciotis of the [iresence and power of GorK The 
defiance and derision with which the world has 
treated the pilgrimages in Italv, fJermnny, 
liclgiutn, nnd France is an exidicit reason for 
the Catholioi of Kngland to claim their share 
als4i in their tnheriiance of our common cause. 
Moreover, it will l>c a witness to the power of 
prayer, which has» of late, like all other super- 
natural facts, Vieen tossed lo and fro in the 
hands of our men of culture. Lastly, it will 
not fail to hasten the day when the reign of 
wrong shall cease. The ^ircscnl state of Europe 
cannot last long ; and men will find that they 
will have to pay deiir for the dishonour thev 
have heaped u|>on the Vicar of Jesus Christ. 
The pilgrimage Wiis advertised to start from 
London on Tuesday, September 2 : ihe pil- 
grims to reach Paray Ic-Monial next day* 
and having performed their devotions at Ihc 
shrine on the 4th, might, if so disposed, find 
themselves back in London by the Friday night 
or Saturday morning. 

— The Shah arrives al Vienna, 

31.— The second reading of the bill for add- 
ing 1 6, 000/. to the liukc of Edinburgh's an* 
nuity of 15,000/. carrit*d by 162 to r 8 vote<>. 

— The House of Lords affirm Ihc tledKimt 
of the Master of the Rolls in the case of Peek 
f, Gumcy. 

— The Indian Budget jntro^luced by Mr. 

f.r.inr-huiT 1.Ain> riu* i.in.ij year ending 

L- for the year 
i lie for the year 

cnluTi^ ticvl Mjith, lie &huuvJ, with regard tu 
the first period, that there had been a surpbii 
I.' - '".- - - -■"■ ■' * < ' ' : ;nce 



I i 



\--v 



^^mr^^-^ 



\UGUST 



1873. 



\ lialf, and for the coming year it was cstimAtcd 
liat there would be a virtual equiribrium, the 
venue beinf; 48,286^000/., against an cjt- 
enditure of 48,066,000/. The disflppcarancc 
of the surplus Mr.Granl-Duflr attributed lo the 
essation of the income tax. 

Anfnuit 1. — I>ied at Kensington Palace, 
ged 84, Ca;iliA Lctitia, Duchess of Inverness, 
cuTncrly Lady Buggiii, and afterwards privately 
narried to the late Duke of Sussex. 

S, — Early this morning a serious accident 

I ipjiened to the cxprc&s known as the tourist 

Irain from London to Scotland, consisting 

itif t^vcnty-five carriages, one of the htraviest 

of the season* As it was approaching Wigan 

at the rale of Ihirly-Hvc miles an hour, seven 

|camages at the end of the train wtre, through 

Dmc cause never ascertained, wrenched from 

^he othcni nt a pair of facing poiuts and rushed 

dp a siding nt tiie Lon(hjn and North Wcstcru 

Ration at \Vigan. Four carritiges were dc- 

^iroycd, one bounded on lo the pl.\tform and 

liinied bottom iippennost, two others fuUowcd 

"and heeled over, and a portion of one was 

tiirown over a high wall into a foumlry yard, a 

.ffunale passenger dropping with it. I'en per- 

una were killed and thirty injured. 

— Constantinople news makes mention of the 
proposed canalization of the Isthmus of Corinth 
The Greek Government granted to the con- 

ssionaires, Lubiui and Xenos, 30,000,000 
quare yards of building land for the coa-^truc- 

|jon of the new town and docks, llie mines, 
ivoods, foresls near the canal, the mineral 
Heaters of Lutraki, the railways nnd tramways, 

Ihe Lake of Stymphalia, for the irrigation, 
nvonopoly of shipping, and numerous other 

privilcgejs. 

-^ Mr. Roord, Conservative, elected M.P. 
or Greenwich by a majority of 745 ovct all^the 
It her five candidates put together. 

— Died, I^dy Trcvelyan, sister of I-ord 
Mocaulay, and his literary executor. 

- The Germans withdraw from Bclfort, 

3. — Pastoral issued by Cardinal Cullcn, 
flirecling the performance of a "Noveno," pre- 
paratory to the Feast of the Assumption. 

— Collision between the State liner 

l^lndama and the steamer Akiona^ off In* 

strahuU, Ireland, the latter sinking with all 

on board excepting three picked up by the 

rboats of the Ahbatna. A Board of Trade 

Inquiry resulted in a verdict that Flint, master 

of the Alalfiinhit merileri the severest censure 

[for the lack of judgment he displayed in this 

nlamity after the collision, and he was accord- 

ngly severely reprimanded. Further, that 

jeorge Hutchings, second officer of the Aia- 

^ima^ was guilty of a grave default in the per- 

|i>nnance of his duty as officer of tlie watch on 

Hie night of the collision, and theiefore his 

Tftiftcatc us /B,tsleT was snsj-)endcd for eighteen 

mths. The court intimated t/t-r i[ wotjld 




call the attention of the Boari! of Trade to the 
practice of passenger ships carrying the whole 
of their boats turned in on the chocks and 
covered. The court recommended thiit such 
boats be turned outwards, 

a.— Parliament prorogued by Commissiotv 
the Royal Sf)eech making reference to the 
Zanzibar, Frcijch, and Brazilian treaties, and to 
the Supreme Court of Judicature and Kducatiou 
Amendment Act, among the useful measures 
passed during the session. Tli '' ^ dc 

s€ril>ctl the s]tcech as fitly closi: 1 of 

a barren session, and reflecting t ] n of 

an expiriug Ministry. **InthisL -^e 

of feeble achievements, these 1 -out 

platituties, these sounding cumniun^Iaccs, 
tljcse dibj united conclusions anti inarticulate 
coiij^natiilatiuns, we may trace the spirit of .m 
Administration wliich, after living as long as it 
can on the faith of a few energetic acts at the 
l»cginning of its cai-cer, isi consciously ap- 
priiaching its dissoluuon." "The army,** 
wrote the J^al/ MnU Ctizfttf^ **the police, the 
civil service, the diplomatic service, the public 
spirit, the public conscience, the independence 
of the LcgTslaturc, even the judicial bench have 
every one of them l>ecn wounded and dispiiitcti 
by Mr, Gladstonc*s Government ; and that i* 
something far more serious than passing a bad 
bill, or neglecting to pass a good one, or failing 
to advance some ' fundamental principle,"' 

— Mr, Baxter resigns his office of Secretary 
to the Treasury, on the ground that Mr. Lowe 
had not consulted him with reference lo recent 
contracts, and declined to follow his advice. 

^ The Comte dc Paris visits the Comte de 
Chambord at I' rohsdorf, and acknowledges him 
as the head of the royal house. 

— Mr. James Baird, of Auchmeddan, a 
member of the Scotch firm of ironmasters, 
passes over to a body described as the ** Baird 
Trust " the sum of 500,000/. ** to assist in pro- 
viding the means of meeting, or at least as far 
aspossihlc promoting, the mitigation of spiritual 
destitution among the population of Scotland 
through efforts for securing the godly upbringing 
of the young, the c!>lablishing of panxhial pas- 
toral work, and the stimulating of ministers 
and all agencies of the Church of Scotland to 
sustained devotcdness in the work of carnring 
the Gospel to the hom« and hearts of all * 

S* — The Pojjc writes lo the Emperor of 
Germany that the measures recently ndontctl 
by his Majesty s Government aimed at nothing 
short of the destruction of Catholicism, and 
could have no other effect than that of under- 
mining his Mctjcsiy's throne. " I speak," said 
hii Holiness, ' * with frankness, for nty banner 
is truth; I sj^c^k in order to fulfil one of my 
duties, which consists in tilling the truth to all, 
even to ihone who are not Catholics; for every 
one who has lK^en baplifed belongs in Mime 
way or other, which tu define more precisely 
wxndd l»c here out of place— belongs, I say, la 
the Pope. I cherish ilie conviction that youi 



7UST 



i873< 



AUGUSl 



Iftjcstj will receive my observations with yowr 

' £oodn«S and will adopt the measures* 

' in the present case. While ofiTcring 

inosl gracious Majesty th expression 

^devotion ami esteem^ 1 praywC'<'d that 

»y enfold your Majesty and myself in une 

I the snrnc bond of mercy/' On the 3rd of 

eplenibcr the Emperor replied that Catholic 

ricsrs in Italy M^ught by intrigue to disturb 

fte fjcacc which had existed for centuries. ** I 

gly cnieiLiin the hope that your Holiness, 

Hr^j informed of the true poiilion of 

, Will use your authority to put an end to 

|tfttion carried on amid deplorable dislor- 

T the truth and al>use of priestly authority. 

liffioii of Jesus Chri<it has, as I attest to 

ioTiJiess before God, nothing to do with 

'nlrigiics, any more than has truth, to 

banner invoked by your Holinefis I 

dly subscritie. There is one more 

sion in the letter of your Holiness which 

Gin not [KISS over without contradiction, al- 

inugh it is not based upon the previous infor- 

ation, but upon the belief of your Holiness — 

^y, the expression that every one that has 

baptism belongs to the Pope. The 

^_elical cncctl, which, as must be known 

\ your Holiness, I, like my ancestors and the 

Majority of my subjects, profess, doe* not per* 

to accept in our relations to God any 

mediator than our Lord Jesus Christ, 

Wercnce of belief docs not prevent me 

peace with those who do not shxire 

^^ 1 offering your Holiness the expression 

nXWf p«noiial devotion and esteem/' 

0,-— Doel at Crcteil between M, About and 

M* Hcrve, arising out of comments, said to be 

disrespectful, made by the former regarding the 

^^fiMte de Paris. M. About was wound^ in 

^^^^■hsdl, and declared unable to continue the 

— Mr, Allaopp, Conservative, elected M.P. 
for East StaiTorashire by 3,630 votes to 2,693 

I given in favour of Mr. /affray, Liberal. 

— Died, agcdS2, M. Odillon Barrot, French 
statenaan. 

'■f>ltcation having been made by the 

I church waxdens of St. Barnabas, 

y be allowed to erect a baldacchino 

i ihc thurch, the Bishop of London wntes : — 

•The question of the legality of a baldacchtno 

t of a church has never, I under- 

i raised ; and it is the more imixirt- 

should be decided once for all, 

ucttirc of this kind was proposed 

Lilman to l>e erecteii over the com* 

I table in St. Paul's Cathedral, in accord* 

it i* stated, with the design of Sir 

her Wren, and has not, I believe, been 

Kmcd by the presrnt Restoration Com* 



dbMntioni in the Ministry 

^|0 > pi>.imi»irr*.n»#.nt ^f offlCPS, thc Ttfhfi 

_ tl to-day that Lord 

land ould retire. "Mr 



Brace," it was said, "will receive a peerage, 
and succeed Lord Ripon as I^rd President of 
the Council, Mr. Bright will succeed Mr* 
Chihler* in the Duchy of Lancaster. Mr. T^owe, 
who will leave the Exchequer, will succeed Mr. 
Hnicc in the office o{ Home Secretary. The 
Chancellorship of the Exchequer will be held 
by Mr. Gladstone together with the ofikc of 
First Lortl of (he Treasury.'* In a few day^ 
Mr, Ayrton was made Judge- Advocate, and 
Mr. Adam First Commissioner of Public 
Works. 

8» — The Shah leaves Vienna for Brindisi, 
on his way to Constantinople. 

9, — The Potomac river steamer Wawmsti 
destroyed by fire, and over forty of the passen- 
gers suffocated, burnt, or drow^ned. 

10.— The clipper-ship Dunmail^ belonging 
to the White Star Line, wrecked at the mouth 
of the Mersey, having become unmanageable 
m a heavy sea, 

11. — Professor Reinkens consecrated Olil 
Catholic Bijihop at Rotlerrlam by Bishop Hey- 
kamp of Dcventer, and two assistanLs* 

ISI. — Sir George Jecsel appointed to the 
Mastership of the HolLs. 

— Died, aged 58, Mn Chisholm Anstey, 
who rcpreiiented Youghal for several years in 
the House of Commons, where he made him- 
self conspicuous by persistent attacks on the 
policy of Lord Palmerston. 

10. — The English yacht Deerh<^und seitetl 
by a Spanish gunboat ofT Fuentarrabia, laden 
with arms and ammunition for the Carlists. 

lA.— An African West Coast naval expe- 
dition, while exploring the river Prah, fall into 
an ambuscade and suffer great loss at the hands 
*pif the Ashantee tribe. Commodore Commercll 
|iras severely wounded. 

— The Lord -Lieu tenant of Ireland turns the 
first sod of a new gmving dock at Waterford. 

— Sudden prorogation of the Parliament of 
Canada, the Governor- fJcneral announcing the 
appointment of a Royal Commission to inquire 
into the Pacific Railway scandal, 

15.— The Right Rev. Dr Edward Harold 
Browne, Uishop of Ely, recommended to be 
elected to the see of Winchester, in room of 
the late Dr. Wilbcrforce. 

— Imperialist flte at Chisclharst, about 
If 000 Bonanartists being received at Camden 
Hou^ by the Empress and Prince Imperial, 
the latter of whom affirmed the prizctple of 
national sovereignty. 

16i. — The London Carlist Committee issue 
a despatch that " the Royal forces of Tristan y 
and SabalU, under the command of his Royal 
Highness the Infante Don Alfonso, and num- 
bering 2,400 men. after evacuating Berga, en- 
gagetl and completely routetl three columns of 
the enemy, numt>cring T^ooo mcrv, \itV«t»N. 
Cascrras, CiVtcmcWa, M\i \5>ci^ju N^I^Vvw 



tftken one cannon and a Urge quaottty of rifles 
and munitions. The loss of the enemy is csti- 
nruitetl at more than 200 killed and a lai^e 
number wounded," 

1^. — Five lives lost on Windermere by the 
ui>»etting of a soling skiff hireij out for a day's 
pldsure by Mr. Cooper and party. 

— The equestrian statue of Mehemet Ali 
Pasha» erected in the Gmnd Square at Alexan- 
dria, h unveilcdf and the new Imperial Finnan 
w publicly read. 

17. ^Walter Howard, formerly page to an 
elderly lady named Miss Warren, charged with 
obtniiiing sums of money from his mistress 
under the false pretence of consulting Dr* GuU 
and other*, is diiimissed at the Middlesex Ses- 
sions, the jury not being able to agree upon a 
verdict. 

10.— The British Iron and Steel Institute 
commence sitting at Licge. 

— The Shah arrives at Constantinople, His 
MKjesty left for Teheran on the 25th. 

— Die<l at Geneva, aged 69, Charles, cjt- 
Duke of Brunswick. He left the greater part 
of his large fortune to the city in which he 
died, subject only to the charge of a princely 
funeral and the erection of a magnificent mauso- 
leum in which his remains wertr to be entombed 
amidst statues of bronze and mnrble. Among 
the gems discovered in his treasure-chest was 
the famous onyx vase of Mantua. 

— Commenced at the Centra! Criminal 
Court, before Mr. Justice Archibald, the trial 
of Austin Biron Bid well, aged 27, no occupa- 
tion ; George Macdonnell, 28, clerk ; George 
Bid well, 34^ merchant ; and Edward Noye^, 29, 
clerk, who were placed at the bar to take their 
trial uf)on several indictments charging them 
with forging foreign bills of exchange, and 
thereby defrauding the Bank of England of 
over 100,000/. ITie trial lasted till the 26th, 
when the whole of the prisunera were found 
guilty, and sentenced to transportation for life. 
7 he chief evidence wa* given l>y t)ank officials 
who had transacted buAincss for the pri^ners, 
engravers who had prcparcti plates under their 
inspection, hotel -kecficrs where they had re- 
sitted, and a young woman named Ellen 
Vernon, who had lived some time with 
George Bid well. 

10. — Mr. Gladstone presides at the Welsh 
National Eisteddfod opcne<l at Mold, com- 
plimenting his hearers on the fad thnt Soo»ooo 
people sTiTl clung to their native tongue in ^pilc 
©f all the preivsure which h.id iKxn put upon 
them. Such wa^i the loy:ilty of Welsh people, 
however, that their heart never had been alien- 
ated from the throne and the laws of the 
country. The WcLsh Mere a people of deep 
and strong religious symp ' ' "• on those 
sympathies they had bi most un- 

|«stly, and even madly To ihcir 

an-n £Tfjit honour they had made provision 
thcmseJy^^ fbr their nwn religious wants. 
It/6 



What a lesson that was upott the fa\^ p<»1f^ 
tliat had been pursued ! We had 
to hector them into the abandonm 
language ; they had clungto it with u^.t ,,(i„j.,, 
fidelity. In conclusiun, Mr. Gladstone ea 
there was no greater folly circulating upon t] 
earth at the present moment than the dispod 
tion to undervalue the relics of the past, and 
break those links which unite human beings 
the present day with the generations tliat ' 
passed away. 

19. — Sir Garnet Wolscley appointed to l^ 
chief command of stations on the Gold Cotu 
and Commander Glover, PLN., gaieit* 
'* Special Commisfiioncr to the Friendly Nati^ 
Chiefs in the Eastern District of the Protected 
Territories near or adjacent to her Majesty** 
Settlement on the Gold Coast'* 

— Formal opening of the harbour of refiig 
at Holyhead by the Prince of Walet and tS 
Puke of Edinburgh. 

SO. — Narrow escape of Prince Arthur fi 
drowning at Trouville, in Normandy, 

SI. — Died, aged 95, Charles Bridgraan, ft 
eighty-one years organist of All Saints* Churd 
Hertford. 

— Dr. Kencaly concludes his opening spee< 
for the defence in the Tich borne case, havio 
spoken for twentymo uc days. 

dH. — Mr. Bruce gazetted to the peerage ( 
Lord Aberdare, 

d3. — Opening of Albert Bridge, crossixigtl 
Thames from Chd»ea to Batieniea, 

— Collision near Retford, on the Gra 
Northern line, between an excursion train rui 
ning from Sheffield to Cleeihorpc and a 
train leaving Doncaster at 7.20 A, M, Thr 
persons were killed and over twenty injured. 

— Inquest at Wood Green respecting t 
deaths of Mrs. Maria Constable, aged 55, ai 
her sister, Mrs. Sarah Everett, aged 47, wl 
disappeared from their homes on the 2 ah 
June, and were found on the 2i$t instant hunt 
in the ruins of the Alexandra Palace. The juf^ 
returned a verdict that death had resulted t 
6u(focation caused fram a brick wall fallii 
upon them. How they g^t into the ruins thei 
Vas no evidence to sliow. 

25. — Archdeacon Denison calls attention 1 
the fict that certain bishops propose to exte 
luinate the Catholic clement in the Churd 
** Well.'* he writes, "if the Bishop of Gloi 
tester and Bristol, or any other bishop < 
bishops, will have open war, let it come, 
Ihey like to *snub' every Catholic and * pat c 
the back * every ultra- Protestant, let them folio 
their inclination. If they elect to stimulal 
popular ignorance and pnssion by calling 1 
•dishonest,' 'disloyal,* * plotters,' * traitors,' i 
let it be. If they prefer to administer the 
dioceses inequitably, lei them so administer, i 
i<>me arc doing now. If they nro|H:>sc to 
the i>oUcy which drove out Wesley a 



IPTEMBER 



1873. 



SEPTEhfBEM 



let Lhem tty its eHiect upon us. If they 
link it will promote God's truth and the gootl 
r souls to see what can be done towards f>ro- 
bntig pcrsecoting Acts of ParUamcnt^ let them 
ry their hand* Wc are quite ready, and we 
\^<iM\A fear nothing if they should succeed, 
^ut they will not succeed. " 

ftS. — ScBor Cftstclar elected President of 
tlic S{jftnish CortesL 

— 1 1 1 of an altempt to rescue 

the A ' X f * prt'sen lly on thei r trial 

by bKbin;; iLTn: ui \u^ wanlcrs in Newgate, 

AflL — Inspector Montgomery exccmct in 
Oou^h Gaol ibr the murder of Andrew Glass, 
"x aishier» at Newtonstewart. 



— At Foscn, Monsignor Lc»Iochowski is 
eoddemned to a fine of 200 thakrs, or four 
Eoonths* iinprLsonmcnt, for making illei^al cle- 
licAl appointments. The public pi<i>«»ectitor 
had asked that the bishop should be fined 500 

"halcrs^ in consequence of his ob«rinale and 
os^tile attitude towards the State. At F'ulda, 
hop Koel was fined 400 thalers for appoint* 
clergymen without the sanction of the 

— Died, Carl Wilhelm, composer of the 
^kmoiis German war^&ong ** Wacht am Rhein/* 

^7.— The citadel of Estella token by Don 
Carlo^t who commanded in person. 

— Ojiening of the new pier at Heme Bay 
by Lord Mayor Waterlow. 

fl9. — Blockade proclamation ksued by CoL 
iarley at the Gold Coast: — ** Whereas, ho*- 
forces of Ashantees and other tribes arc 
iicaiiii>cd and are waging war against her 
lajchty the Queen in and about the western 
fttiAJii of the protected territories on the Gold 
\ I ftnd whereas warlike munitions, pro- 
Mid articles useful to the enemy in the 
' on of their hostile purposes have been 
to them from vesaets trading on the 
Now kiiow ye that we hereby proclaim 
are that from and after the dale hereof 
pleasure herein shall be further known, 
ckadc of the coast l)etween Cape 
\ and the River Assinee, and of all 
ereon with the exception of the port 
r Clape Cou^t, is and shall be in force." 
^Q Ti . r..-,.^, ,»;.... carry Shaftesbury, 
60J voii-5i nj^iinst 
|34U^ I ^ Sc)rnouf, Liberal 

September 1. — The captured insurgent 

tj^ates t*»wed away frutn Carihai'enfl by Ad- 

ural Veiverton, in defiance of the thrt^ts of 

»e tnnufgent^ The vcvm=Is were afterwards 

up to the Maiirid Government. 

jctl pdgrims leave Ix)ndon for 

to viMt fh"? fhnne of the 

many of them 

r convenience 

.w — ...i.T ^ lour and five 






o^cIock. The general appearance of the pil- 
grims presented no diflfcrence whatever fron» 
that of an ordinary excursion party, and would 
have lieen in no way distinguishable but for 
the great number of priests who thronged the 
railway plalformt and from the badge of 
the Sacred Ile^irt worn by almost till present. 
I'hc demeanour of the pilgrims, notwith- 
siaiuling their errand, was quite in keeping 
with nineteenth-century cu-stoms, and though 
(hey were all armed with the special manujil of 
devotion for use by the way, many of ihem 
were careful to provide themselves with the 
morning papers. The pilgrims crosied the 
channel to Dieppe in two boals„ over which 
floated the English Union Jack, the Papal Hag, 
and the flag of the Sacred Heart. Mass was 
celebrated during the passage by Monsignor 
CapcL At Paray-le*Monial the pilgrims were 
met by the whole population of the town, 
bearing torches. The procession — a mile in 
length — was headed by ihc flag of the Sacred 
Heart, and closed by the Union Jack borne 
by Admiral Jemingham, The banner of Eng- 
land was borne by the Duke of Norfolk, that 
of Scotland by Lord Walter Kerr, The Bishops 
of Salford and Oran conducted the pilgrims to 
the parish church from the railway stationj 
where benediction was said, followed by con- 
fessions. Masses and communions were after- 
wards celebrated every half-hour from mid- 
night* 

fli — ^Thc anniversary of the battle of Sedan 
celebrated at Berlin by unveUing the monu- 
ment of ** Victory '* in presence of the Emperor, 
the Imperial Prmcc, and military deputations 
from various German States. 

3. — Sir George Jcsscl takes his seat for the 
first time as Master of the Rolls. Though not 
disqualihed to sit in the House of Comnums, 
Sir George, as he explained, having regard to 
the spirit of the Judicature Act, thuught it l>cst 
not to solicit the sufTrages of the Dover electors 
again. 

— News received of the wreck of the Ethlo/M 
off Ncgrais, on her voyage from Calcutta to 
Rangoon. Mails lost ; passe ngenj saved. 

— The proposal made in the Spanish Cortes 
by ScfSor Olavc that death sentences of military 
tribunals should t>e referred to the Cortex t>fcforc 
execution, rejected by SS votes to 82. 

4-. — Defending Government at a Sheffield 
Cullers' Feast, Mr. Lowe said that during the 
Lilnrral tenure of office the finances of the 
country had been so prosperous as to ptrntit 
of 3,600,000/. of Sfjecial claiins being paid olT 
without borrowing a iiij^pcnce or imjiosing a 
tax at all. "That is the answer which 1 have 
to give to those who have been so liberal m 
criticizing. Can it be siiid In ehercivtng thia 
strict economy in your public service that any- 
thing has Iccn shiikcii, ur that anythint^ uluch 
ought to have been done has 1m < mI? 

Lo<jk at the army, lu iS^^ <■ aw- 

lietcd £4^000 m€j\. How v\ vvv.,„v.^ ,. #>,< 

K % 



SEPTEMBER 



1S73. 



SEPTEMBER 



being an increase of 14,000^ waA tlik amend- 
ment with this great reductiOQ in the expendi- 
ture. If you look at the fine iHi, I have spent 
8^000/. in buying Sif Koben FeePs pictures, 
and 50,000/. in splendid cotlectioos of aniiquiiy 
for the British Museum ; ko for frotQ my havir^ 
been stingy, I consider that these payments 
have been liberal in I he extreme. . . . We arc 
not tenacious of office. We are wearied with 
the labour of anxious and eveutfol yeir^ It is 
a small matter for us whether we ret run power 
or not. It is for you to caiukler whether it i« a 
small matter for you. On that I ol^r no opinion. 
But this I lA-ill venture to say, ibat^ if the deci- 
rion of the country should be against n% we shall 
then carry into private Ufe the apptaose di our 
own consciences, as having dofie in our judg^ 
ment the best we could for otir coantry^ a^ 
the consciousness that we have left on the 
«»tatute-book and in the histofy of this country 
records which calumny cannot permanently 
distort, and which enry, with ^1 her eflorti, 
can never obliterate.*' 

6. — The mutilated remains of s female found 
in different parts of the Thames between Bat- 
tersea and Limehousc. A restart! ^i 2fxd^ was 
afterwards offered by GoiJ-ernment for the dis- 
covery of the murdei¥T, and a free pardon |o 
any accomplice not the actual pe(|ictrator of 
the presumed crime. 

— Apologising for hi* iaability to be prescnl 
at the opening of the Roman Catholic cathedra)^ 
Armagh, Archbishop Manning expresses an 
opinion that Ireland is in a happier condioon 
in regard to religion than any other cmintry, 
and also maintains that the country waa never 
in so good a condition materially^ and was 
never so influential in the British Empire and 
in the world as at present. But ^' when I look 
upon foreign nations, and I may say also upon 
England, I see cause for grave foreboding." 
U^arding Home Rule^ the Archbishop thought 
the Parliament of the future will be bioader, 
and more in sympathy with the constituencies 
of the three kingdoms. " England and Scotland 
will not claim to legislate for Ireland accuiding 
to English and Scotch interests and pfejtidices \ 
and Ireland, when it is justly treated* will have 
no more will then than it his now to make or 
meddle in the local afTaifs of England or Scot- 
land. The three peoples are distinct in blood, 
ia religion, in character, and in local interests. 
They will soon learn to 'live and let live,* 
when the vanquishing reUqubi of the Tuilor 
tyranny shall have died out, unless; the in^^ne 
example of Germany shall for a time inflame 
the heads of certain violent politicians to try 
their hand at what they call an Imperial policy/' 

— Died, at Coolavin, aged 75, Charles J. 
Macdermot, "Prince of Coolavin,'* a fellow* 
labourer with 0*ConncU in the cause of Catholic 
emancipation. 

8. — New docks at Flushing opened by the 
King of HolUnd. 

•.—The Alabama indcmnUy paid at Waih- 
ingtoiL 

liiS 



O. — 5>eSor Salmeron, now elected Presiderf. 
of the Executive Power, submits the names cf 
a new Ministry to the Cortes. 

— Colossal statue of Nelson unveiled at Plr,s 
Llanfair, the marine seat of Lord Clarerce 
Paget. 

— Three persons killed and twelve injured 
through an accident to a South- W^estem train 
nc^r Guildford, caused by a bullock strajring 
on L}ie line. 

10. — The Conservatives win Renfrewshire, 
vacant by the elevation of the late Home Secre- 
tary to the peerage, the numbers being, Camp- 
bell, 1,885 ; Mure, 1,677. 

I a. — Sir Garnet Wolseley and his staff sail 
from Liverpool for the Gold CoasL 

— Free librar)-, museum, and picture gallery 
opened at Brighton. 

— Old Catholic Congress opened at Con- 

Gfance. 

13. — Died, aged 63, the Duke de Rianzares, 
hn^band of the ex-Queen of Spain, formerly a 
soldier in her guard. 

19. — Brief official despatch received an- 
nouncing disaster to the exploring expedition 
on the Prah in August. 

10. — The last of the German troops cross 
the French frontier between nine and ten o'clock 
this morning. 

17. — ^The King of Italy arrives at Vienna 
on a visit to the Emperor, and afterwards pro- 
ceeds to Berlin. 

— Another fire at Chicago, laying ^-aste a 
line of property nearly a mile in extent 

-^ The British Association commences its 
sittings at Bradford, Professor Williamson (in 
room of Dr. Joule, absent through illi>css) cle- 
livcnng the opening address as President. 

IS. — Commercial panic in America leading 
to the suspension of Jay, Cooke, and Company, 
of New York, and of the First National Bank 
al Washington. The English Funds in conse- 
quence opened at a decline of ^, and United 
Slates Government Bonds were generally de- 
pre3L-«d to the extent of \ per cenL, the Funded 
Lcian falling to 9o| and 90^, but subseouently 
recovering to 90} to 91I, while Erie Shares 
fell 2 per cent., to 44 to 44I ex div., and Illi- 
nois Railway Shares I doL 

— Died, aged 70, Sidi Muley Mohammed, 
Em|>eror of Morocco. 

19. — Died, at Florence, from an attack of 
cholera. Professor Donati, astronomer. 

^ The Comte de Charobord writes from 
Frohsdorf to a friend advising him to appeal 
to all honest people on the footing of the social 
reconstruction. " You know that I am not a 
part)', and that I will not come back to reign 
W tneans of a party. I need the co-operation 
Of all, and all haTre need of me. As for the 
recoticUiatiQii which has been to loyally 1 



SSPTEMBSJIt 



iS73' 



OCTOBER 



^^U^^M m i\%e Ifouse of France, tell those who 
A ) ilt^lorl thai gTcflt event that evcry- 

li uA the 5th of August was really 

liouc lui U*c sole puri^osc wf giving France its 
pfai»er nuik in the dearest interests alike of her 
jirospcnty, her glory, and her greatness." 

SI. — Burning of the Black Lion Inn, Exeter, 
JeAding to the d«aih of iKree out of five [>eople 
sleeping in the premises :ki the lime. 

— DiH, at Paris, aged 66, M. J. J. Coste, 
French n^nuiolisL 

— Diet!, Bficd 66, Dr, Aupiste Nijlalon, 
fltiri^a to the Emperor Napoleon HI. 

-Tlie Spanish Government release llie 
f and her crcvr. 



— The Shah of Per&ia arrives at hb palace 
«| Teheran ou hi^ retuni from Europe. 

— The steamer Murilh seixed at Dover at 
the Instance of the owner and shippcn of Ihc 

^^E — Menry James Cochrane, proprietor of 
^H^e Chfitmhtim Chronuie^ 5ned 150/ for con- 
^Hpmpi of cuurt in publishing an article designed 
^^K iiinitence ihe jury in favour of the Tichbomc 

84^ » Manchester Athcnxum Library dc- 

Kniyotl by fire. 
SA.— Uanquet given at York by provincial 
layon to the Lord Mayor of London. 

— The Ckafifti^^ exploring expedition ar- 
iiva at Qohio. Having thoroughly explored 
the tocky desolate islands of St. Vincent and 
S»«ii Jogo, belonging to Portugal, a long strctcb 

the Atlantic ensued, through depths 

ing a,ooo fathoms, to the vicinity of the 

shores. With a view to investignle 

nts the course was shaped for St. 

" s a lonely Glu>ter in mid-ocean, 

mile in area, and ^i^ty feci above 

Thence the vcs-^cl sailed < Aug , 30) 

anmhcr cluster, 300 miles distant, knowTi 

Frrft»n»!o fie Noronhfi. On arrival^ great 

cncet! by refusal of 

imIs being used as a 

iL ^, ij« ..«.!. America was then 

fur, and PttnAmbaoo reached on Scp- 

I,— Mr. Uemy Tames omiouiKed as tlie 
SoJicilor-Gctiemt 

DiienSng of WamUworth Bridge* con- 
r Wandsworth wall Chel%a. 

ied, a^t<l 70, Saluitiano de Olozagai 
I ttatesmon and diptomaList 

Died, age^l 59, Mrs. Chira Mundt (Louisa 
li.htbach)i, U^^rman authoresa» 

10.— Alicante bombmHed for five bouts by 

r Canhtgena insur|gcnt frigitet. 

Mr, Dright rrcciv» the seak oa Cliait> 

p uf the Duchv nf Lnnraiirr 




80.^ — M. Thiers writes to the Municipal 
Council of Nancy: — ** Very soon we shall bt 
called upon to defend, not alr>ne the Republic 
which, in my opinion, is the only Govemnicnt 
callable of rallying in the name of the common 
interest parties now so profoundly divided^ 
which alone can speak to democracy with sufii- 
cient authority, and which now, for from troab* 
ling France, has appt^red only to restore order* 
tlte army, fmance, credit j to redeem the terri- 
tory, and, in a word, to heal with one excep- 
tion all the wound* of the war — we shall have, 
I say. to defend not only the Republic, but all 
the rights of France, her civil, political, and 
religious liberties, her social slate, and her 
principles, which, after being proclaimed in 
1 789, have become those of the whole world j 
and, lastly, her fliig, under which she is known 
to the whole universe, untSer which her soldiers, 
conquerors or conquered, have covered tl 
selv^ with glory, and which, however, d( 
it is to our hearts, will not suffice if all 
things of which it is the emblem are to be 
taken away from us ; for of these sacred things 
it is not the image alone, but the reility itself 
that we must have ; and the tricolorcd Bag, 
if remaining only to mask ihe counter-revolit- 
ti4.m, would be the most odious and revolting 
of lies." 

30.— Died at Fox I low, near Ambleside, 
aged 82, Mury Penrose, widow of Dr. Arnold. 

— The Royal Commission appointed at tlie 
inslance of Mr. Plimsoli to inquire into the 
alleged unsea worth incss of British registcretl 
bhtps, issue a preliminary report, recapitulating 
the schemes suggested for a compulsory survey 
and classification of merchant shipping under 
Lloyd's or Government, with counter evidence 
throwing doubt upon all such proposals, 
and tending to show that Government inter- 
ference would only make matters worse, and 
** Amid these conflicting opinions, it is impos- 
sible, in the present state of our knowledge, to 
offer with any confidence any recommendation 
on this sutijcct. We have referred to it here in 
the hope of directing public attention to a (jut^* 
lion which has often l>een treated as if it were 
of ea»y solution ; it involves, however, a grral 
principle of public policy, which should not W 
adopted or rejecte^l without comprehensive and 
iearchtng examination/' The commissioners 
drew attention to the material change in the 
law which had occurred Siince their apj)oinl- 
meni, giving the Board of Trade full power 
to detain unscaworihy ships. Before recom- 
mending further legislation, they thought it 
would be well to observe the effect of the new 
enactment* The commissioners stated that, 
in their opinicjn, "there is no ground for the 
itnpuialion made by Mr. PlimsoU that the 
Boartl <»f Tnidc desired to screen the ship* 
owners." 

Oetohtr I. — The iSoliaI Sutcucc Congic:i\ 
open* at Norwich wvttv Lfa\4 \Vy\si^\sJCt %a 





1, — Diefl» aged 71, Sir Edwin Land seer, 
TXUtiCcr He was admitted as a student to the 
Royal Academy in iSt6, when fourteen years 
of age. and in the following year cxhitjjled 
** Hruius— a Portrait of a Mastiff," at the Aca- 
demy. He was elccteil an A.R- A. m t826» an 
iLA, in 1S31, and received the honour of 
knighlhnnd in 1S50. When Sir Charles East- 
lake died in 1866 Landseer was chosen to siK* 
cccd him as rresideni uf the Royal Academy, 
he refobed to accept the honour. Sir 
in was burtefl in St FAuVi cathedial om 
ink. 

i.— Died, aged 92, Comclivis Varlcy. one 
of the original members of the Water Colour 
Society. 

3.— Mr. DisraeU writes to t^rd Grey de 
Wilton regard in;; the Bath election contested 
by Mr. Forsyth, Q.C., in the Conservative in- 
terest : **My dear Grcyt — I am much obligetl 
to you for your Bath news. It is most inte- 
resting. It is rare a constituency has the 
opportunity of not only leading, but sustaining^ 

fmblic opinion at a critical period. That has 
>een the high fortune of the people of Bath, 
and they have proved themselves worthy of it 
by ihc spirit and constancy they have shovitu, 
I cannot doubt they will continue their patriotic 
course by supporting Mr. Forsyth, an able 
and accomplished man, who will do honour to 
those who send him to Parliament, For nearly 
five years the present Ministers have hanissc<l 

1 every trade, worried every profession, and 
assailed or menaced every class, inslilulion, 
and species of property in the country. Occa- 
sionally they have varied this state of civil war- 
fare by perpetrating some job which outraged 

i public opinion, or liy stumbling into mistakes 
which have been always discreditable, and 
sometimes ruinous. All this they call a policy, 
nnd seem quite proud of it ; but the country 
has, I think, made up its mind to close this 
career of plunriering and blundering." 

— Eaiccution of ** Captain ** Jack and three 
other Modoc Indians nt Fort Kalomath, Ore- 
[ gon, for the murder of General Canby* 

4>. — Sir Garnet Wolseley addresses the native 
I chiefs of the Gold Coast, stating that her 

Majesty having been informed of the injuries 
I inflicted on her allies in that part of the world 
'by the Aslmntces, **who, without any just 
I cause, have invaded your country, and, having 
I learnt thai you were unable to repulse your 
I enemies without assis-tance, has sent me to 

unite in one pcn>on the chief military and civil 
\ ndministralinns, so that» as a general officer, I 
I may be able to help you. It was not an 

English war, but a Farttee war. The English 
r Ibrts were *o strong that wc ourselves had 
[ nothing to fear from the A^ihantecs ; but, as it 
(had become evident that ' - ^' ' '"n^ive 

iwdicy would result in tfi the 

?'antccs, the Queen wasv vvil , cm. 

~}je only interest she had in the Gold Coast 
9 ihc promotion of tbdr wclfsLre by spreftdinc 



among them the arts and blessings of dvilixa* 
tion.''^ 

-4.— Died, agetl 64, Mrs. Alfred Gifctty,, 
authoress of various stories suited far yoong 

people. ^" 

•.—Died, aged 77, the Count de StrseUcki, 
an early Australian explorer. 

— The Danish Rigsd.ig opened at Copen^ 
hagen, and the colossal statue of King FreJe* 
rick VII. unveiled in oonneclion ivith 
ceremony. 

— Commencement of the trial of Marshal 
Bazalne at the Trianon Palace, Versailles, under 
the Presidency of the Due d'Aumale. The 
charges against the Marshal were, that after 
ur^ng Mtrshal MacMahon to march to hts 
relief, he did not create a serious diversion, and 
was therefore answerable in a mexsure for the 
disaster of Sedan ; tliat he did not do every- 
thing prescribetl by duty and honour to savo 
Metz and the army of 150,000 men he coin- 
man fed ; that he accepted conditions without 
any example in history ; that he did not destroy 
his mattrriel ; that he accepted a clause per- 
mitting officers to return home on giving their 
parole not to serve against Germany during the 
war; that he did not obtain proper conditions 
for the sick and wounded, and that he neglected 
to destroy his flags. 

— Mr. Bright issues an address to his con< 
stitueiits, a re-election beln^ necessary thrv>ugh. 
his acceptance of the Chancellorship of th( 
Duchy of Lancaster. " The office," he wrote, 
*' I have accepted is not one of heavy depart* 
mental duty, or I could not have ventured 
u|X)n it, but it will enable me to take part in 
the deliberations of the Cabinet and to render 
services to principles which I have often ex- 
pounded in your hearing, and %vhich you have 
generally approved, more important, I believe, 
than any t could render in the House of Com- 
mons unconnected with the Government, 
do not write to you a long atl dress, for I am 
not a stmnger to you. I hold the principles 
when in office that I have constantly professed 
since you gave me your confidence sixteen years 
ago. When I find myself unable to advMMg 
those principles, and to serve you honcstfl^^H 
a Minister, I shall abandon a position vi^^lH 
demands of me sacrifices which I cannot make.** 
Mr. Bright was re-elected without oppositiotu 

7- — Bishop Reinkens the Old Catholic 
Bishop, of Germany, takes the oaths required 
by the Constitution at BerUn. **I promise,'* 
he said, "to observe all this all the more 
inviolate sm I am certain that my episcopal 
olTice rcrjuircs me to do nothing which can * 
in contrndiction to the oath of fidelity am 
allegiance to his Majesty the King, or to ih 
obc<liencc due to the laws of the country." 

flt. — Speo^king at the Bath Congitrss cm lh( 

E resent position of the Church, Archdeaeon 
Icntson said be hod come to the cwnclu^oQ 
that it IS almost honeiesftio cooiinue the Mnaisle 





agauist discstabikhni<^nt ** I have no doubt us 

Id thediic^ of a natioD to have a nation&l church, 

^ "^ looking at the pcculicir circumstance of 

r times, and the present constitution of the 

r>use of Commons, 1 am convinced that unices 

t-people th ' ' rent fight for their 

[ do not 1^ tK>ssible for any- 

l to happen b..L ,, . ..Ulisumcn'/* 

-Bath election camcil by Captain Hayter, 
ibcnil, the numbers being— Hayter, 2,210; 
Fooyth, 2,071. 

— CaptsLtn Jimes Brown exnmined in the 
Tichijomc trlnl, thii witness swearinjj to having 
Accompanied the Ckinmnt on board the Bel/a, 

■^.Rio. 

[ fll--Sir Sftmoel and Lady Baker arrive in 
L from Egypt. 

Discttttion in the Edinburgh Presbytery 
* case of Dr. Wallace, diargcd with cx- 
sitig opinions in his sermons and writings 
^a.lcuLa.ted **to unsettle the minds of ordinary 
hearers on the Inilh and importance of essen- 
tial doctrines of ChriMianity, as the Trinity, 
the union of the Divine and human natures 
in the person of Jesus Christ — His incarnation, 
nuraclcs, and resurrection, the Asccn^ioUi and 
the Second Advent." Dr. Wallace, in his 
answers, gave such explanations that the Pres- 
bytery agreed to a resolution in which they 
stated that they considered it unnecessary to 
take further steps in the matter. 

— Died, aged 74, Lieutenant-General Lord 
Howden, fom»erly Ambassador at Madrid. 

— Died, aged 64, John Evan Thomas, 
F,S.A., sculptor, Brecon* 

10. — The Education Department issue new 

fCgnlitions for the ejection of borough and 

arish scHool-boaids, provirjing that all board 

' ctionn, as well as the poll taken on the rcso- 

to apply for a board made by the rate' 

aycrs of a parish, shall in future be by ballot. 

tl. — The Tntransigente wardships defeated 

CjirthAgeua, in an action with Admiral 

i>|j*>*3i licet. Two days later the admiral 

his force ia the direction of Gib- 

Flnt itage of the Bazainc trial concluded 
1 reidtng of General de Riviere's report, 
j with a brief account of the chief accu- 
i agjiiiitst the inoiminalcd ufhcer. 

. — Died, aged 87^ George Ormerod, 
Bthof of tlie " History of Chesliirc." 

! ^ — Vhe Solidtor-General, Mr. James, 

i^untoii by 899 votes agaaiist 8t2 

r Sir Alfred Slade, 

M.~lhis, the 115th day of the Tichliorne 

fififllv U signal itfd liy the production of what 

aras looked upon as the niis«iti^' link in the 

C0CV Jean Luie, a Dane, one of tlic crew of 

the Offny^ taii to have [ the de- 

flfftdwW at tea. He was by Dr. 

]r, and gave lib cvidt..^. ... ^^.iQtl Eng- 



lish, but with a foreign accent. '* We crossed 
the line," he said, '"some part of April, and 
got into the trade winds. When we were off 
the coast of the Brazil.^ something attracted my 
attention. Early in the morning our attention 
was directed to a boat. We had had a very 
rough night, with squalls and raiu. We noticed 
a boat on our jiort bow, and hauled to the 
wind as near as we otjuld ; but we could m*t 
get to her on that tack. We were too much 
to the wind. We made another tack, and then 
had the boat on our quarter. At that time the 
boat put up a spar with a red signal. A red 
shirt It turned out to be. The t^at, when we 
first saw her, was about two miles to windward. 
We had left her astern nbout the same distance 
when we saw the s'gnaL Our ship must have 
been about 400 or 500 miles from tne Bradlian 
coast, and eighteen or twenty south latitude. 
We went about again and gut up to the boat, 
and found six men in her. 'I'hey were all in a 
delirious condition except two, who were pad- 
dling towarils us. * . , My attention was at- 
tract^ to one of the men in particular. He 
was not a sailor. He was one of the four. 
When we got the men on iMjnrd, we washed 
them all and supplied them wiih fuod. CapEOJn 
Bennett — that was the name of our captain — 
directed me to take the younjr man who was 
not a sailor into the cabin and place him on a 
sofa, but instead of doing that 1 put him in my 
own berth, and there I kept him all the time 
until our aixival in Melbt:)umc. It took us 
three months to get to Melbourne, where we 
arrived in the earrly part of July. 1 noticed n 
good deal about him. 1 had to wash him 
nearly every day during the whole voyage. 
He was a small-made man, and not very bony. 
He had small hands, and dark-iirown hair and 
big eyebrows. Me had a habit of raising his 
torehead and eyes. His conversation witli me 
was generally in .Spanish. I :ipeak that lan- 
guage. Sometimes he talked with me in broken 
French. . . . We picked them up in ApriL 
I asked the young man several limes for his 
name, and he gave me the same answer. Once 
he told me that hLs, name was Roger. He told 
me he had been in the Brazils, and went on 
board a vessel of the name of BdlUj in Rio, 
and that they were bound for some part of 
America with a cargo of cofTee. I asked him 
if he had been staying in the Brazils for any 
length of lime, and he said only a short time. 
... In London, in consequence of what I 
heard on the 5th of July, I put myself in com- 
munication with the man whom it was said had 
been sav«i from the lidiit. On the 7th I went 
to a hotise and a.%ked if a gentleman was living 
there who went by the name of the Cbimant, 
The servant, after going inside, said I could 
not see him, and 1 was toM to go 1« Toet'i 
Corner. I met Mr. Hendriksand Mr. O'Brien, 
and they tc»ok down my statrmcnt about the 
Ospriy. Mr. Whallcy came in, and he look 
me and O'Brien in n cab to No^ 34 in a street 
We were shoi^-n into tt twiva, mA \ «wi ^&Maj 
dcfoidiffil saVV\n^ al \Yve ^S^i^Mni. \\* 



» 



* J Tow do yoQ do, Luie?* in Spanish, I had 
l»ot j^ven my Dame except to HendrLks; but 
he knew me at once, I recognltcd Lis voice 
imiuedialely.'* 

14-— Father IlyacintheandM, Chavard^ the 
iiewly-eleclcd Old CatlioUc cun^ at Geneva, 
tnke the oaths before the Council of State* 
The ceremony was iMrrformcd at the Si. Ger- 
main Church, which had been pLiccd at their 
disposal. There was some e\cjrement in the 
neighbourhooii, but no disturbance. 

— PubUcalion at Berlin of the corrcs|Tond- 
cnce between the Pope and the Emperor of 
Germany. 

15* — The Congregntional Union at Ipswich 
discuss a letter from Lord Shiilteibury's Vigi* 
lance Committee, in which the aid of Cont;re- 
gationaliBts was requested in an endeavour to 
rouse the country to some common action in 
r^aid to the advance of Ritualism and the 
practice of the Confess»ional in the Church of 
England, A series of resolutions was proposeti, 
expressing the grave concern with wliich the 
Union regarded the Romanizing eflorts of some 
of the clergy and other raeml^^ers of the Church 
of England, but stating that it could not, con- 
sistently with its views of the rightful relation 
of the Legislature to the Church of Christ, 
unite with the Vigilance Committee in any poli- 
tical action which contemplated the strength- 
ening of the discipline of the Church of Enghmd 
by means of new laws, or which assumed that 
tlic Churcli should continue as a national esta- 
blishment ; further, thai the Union regarded 
the defection of so large a portion of the clergy 
as a natural result of the retention in the formu- 
laries of tlic Church of some of the cardinal 
errors of the Church of Rome* 

— The first Budget ever published in Egypt 
issued by authority of the Khedive, It gave 
details of the estimated revenue and expendi- 
ture for the twelve months from the loth of Sep- 
tember, 1873, to the loth of September, 1874, 
and showed revenue equal to 10,166,000/., 
and expenditure equal to 9,046,000/., leaving a 
surplus of 1,120,000/* 

'— The castle of Ardverikie, formerly the 
residence of the Duke of Abcrcom, and in 
which her Maje-sty and the Prince Consort 
passed the autumn of 1S47, almost totally de- 
stroyed by fire. Sir Edwin Landsccr, when a 
guest at the castle, decorated three siilcs of the 
walls of the tiiawing-room with sketches, all 
the subjects being connected with the chaie, 

— The right bank of the Amou-Daria, in 
Khiva^ with the della from the Sea of Aral Uj 
the extreme western arm of ibc river, incor- 
porated with Russia by order of the Cear, 

— Inundation at St. Petersburg, the waters 
of the Neva rising ten foet alcove their usual 
level* 

-^ Dismissal of Admiral Lobo by the Mtulrid 
Cj3iveKnmeDt. 

IS. — SpcAking ai A lumqiy^ in Liverpool, 
iiS2 



Earl Derby described the Ashantee war as a 
doctors war and an engineer's war quite 
much as a soldier's war. He doubted whcthef 
it was wise to take over the Dutch forts, "ana 
I gieatly doubt whether any man in or out oj 
the Colonial Office exactly knows, or cout«) 
dehne, the limits of our authority and of oui 
responsibility in regard to tribes included withii 
the protected temiory. No doubt pledges 
must be kept, but the narrower the limits withiqu 
wliich we contract our relations with those 
tribes the better, I believe^ it will be* I have 
no great faith in that kind of moral influence 
wJiich you acquire by burning a man^s houst 
over his head, and telling him he is to be youi 
suljjcct. whether he likes it or not 1 believe, 
as a matter of fact, that trade is found to gio^ 
quite as fast, if not latbcr faster, in placei( 
where we do not exercise political power as ill 
those where we do ; and while I firmly believe 
in the value to the empire of colonies to which; 
our own people can go out, and where they 
can work, I think, to put the thing plainly^ 
that we have got quite black men enough, and 
that we had better not go in for more, ** 

17- — Celebration of the 1200th anmvenAry 
of the foundation of Ely Cathedral, the city 
Queen Etbeldreda, 

— Commission gazetted for inquiring inta 
grievances alleged to be suffered by officers in 
tlie army, 

— The Emperor of Germany again ^its thi 
Emperor of Austria at Vienna. 

— Speaking at a Conservative banquet 
Hertford, the Marquis of Salisbury criticia 
at some length the action of Mi, Gl.idstonc' 
Ministry, which be said had this peculiarity^ 
tliat it had been, in contrast to all English Minis- 
tries of many generations past— a Ministry o 
heroic measures. " Far be it from me" (the nobl< 
lord said) **to accuse them of heroism, The^ 
keen their heroism to the Home Office. They 
don t let it transgress tJie threshold of tb« 
Foreign Office, They offer to us a remark- 
able instance of Christian meekness and humi- 
lity J but I am afraid it i,-^ that kind of Christian 
meekness which turns the left cheek to Russii 
and America, and demands the uttermost far 
thing of Ashantee, Thi'- v.rtiv..i ,,-^ jg to be 
said for their heroism, th.v se isUndi 
there is no doubt it has U 1 approaclu 
ing to sternness towards eveiy intercut thai 
Impjicncd to Inrlong to the minority defeaied ai 
the poll. . , . There may be s«imc doubt as tq 
what the result of the next election ufion th« 
composition of Minis(ncs may be. 1 confess 1 
do not regard that question as one of the fira 
importance. If it may be that we arc to havi 
a strong Govemracnt, I wbh that it may be 1 
Conservative Government ; but if we arc t( 
have a weak Government, I wish that it ma; 
be A Liberal one. It may not be in you 
power to drive this Mtnijitry from place — yoi 
may not be able to terminate its official life 
but you will be able tu draw iu lecth and di| 







jtt dftws ; and after all, though there are better 

thkt we can imagine — after all, govcm- 

i by a toothless Liberal Ministry h> not so 

t thing J . . , 1 ^, -^ j^^^ ^jj-g , 

e too UivUkd 
_ tils ai: -.-.-- - ^j- j,^ . revulutionar>' 
tniiovatlon, and u binds over the Liberal leadvts 
_Mt heavy security not to agitate." 

1T» — Died, aged 66, Vice- Admiral Sir Robert 
Iv« M*CIurc, the dauntless explorer of the 
*(arth*\Ve*t passage^ 

la.— The insurgent ship Fernando d C<Uq- 
accidentally run into and sunk by the 
Vumantia^ ofT Alicante, and the greater part 
T the crew drow ned. 

— The Comte de Chambord reported to have 
concessions of a nature to give satbtfac- 

\ to all the exigencies of the Liberal party. 

— Died, Dr. Thomas Smethurst, tried in 
for the murder of Isabella lJanks» and 

enienceii to death but afterwards reprieved 
' p. 555.) 

i.— r^cd. aged 68, the Rev. R. S. Cand- 

Dt D, , a Free Church ihcolugian uf great 

Dininencc in the Disrujilion controversy, and 

! that time the tiusted guide of its geuerJ 

olicy. His mother mo* the Miss Smith im- 

Bortalitccl by Burns as one of the ** six proper 

Dutig belles" of Matichlinc 

3,— The first Scientific Congress held in 

pod em Rome a?vscmbles in the Great Hall of 

Horalit and the Curatii on the CapitoL 

ount Mamiani presided on the occa^sion, and 

clivercd the opening address* 

— At Wflj-rington, Mr. Butt declares thai 
frhnt the Home Rulers wanted mtis an Irish 

, which should have the right of 

iid regulating all matters relating 

TTairs of Ireland, and have con- 

-Qurces and revenues, subject 

uf contributing their just pro* 

of imperial taxes. By internal flffairs 

lid not mean the management of railways 

' TOWorks, but the higher life of the nation 
-llicir own system uf cijucalion, pairing their 
I university laws and grand jury laws. 

t— • The Italian Government takes possession 
' six convents at Rome. 
SI. — Marshal MacMahon declares that he 
ill fiot separate himself frum the Conser- 
itive party wliich placed him in power in 
latncae. 
ftS. — ^News from Calctilta indicates a fiunjne 
\ threatening Bengal, 

— The Conscrvarives carry JIulI, 6,873 
^tcs bcmg given to Colonel Fcase, against 
■%594 10 E. J. Reed. 

— Celebrmtion of the 50th tontvenary of the 
^ofil Unu^cmity Union* 



|) 






the Education Act on the groimd that it ex« 
tended and confirmed the system which it ought 
to have superseded. It really encouraged de- 
nominational education, and it established 
Boards only whtfre that system did not exist, 
whereas it should have attempted to establish 
Boards everywhere, and to bring the denoniJ- 
nalional schoob under their control. The 
denominational svslem, Mr. Bright said, in 
consequence of the parochial organization of 
the Church, must be said to be a Church 
system ; hence the Nonconformists were ag- 
grieved, and justly aggrieved. Speaking of 
policy, *' What, asked Mr. Bright, is the policy 
uf the Opposition? Why, we were told the 
other day that ihe leader of the Upj>osition was 
'in a slate of strict seclusion.' And but for 
that strange .md unfortunate epistolary outburst 
we should have had no idea of the desperate 
state of mind in which he has been. But still, 
if we ask for the policy of the Opposition, all 
is dark, dark, impenetrably dark, and all that 
we know is, that nothing can be known. 1 
beg pardon, though i 1 ani wrong in that We 
know that, according to the Oprjosttion, all the 
work of the past five years, ana if you like, of 
the past forty years, is evil ; but as to the future, 
you will see it when it comes. Now, let me 
tell you this, that that great statesmanship 
which consists in silence and secrecy is not 
origioal, it is a mere copy of thirty or f^rty 
years a^o." The history, Mr. Bright con- 
cluded, ♦* of the last forty years of this country 
—judge it fuiHy — speaks of its legislation, 
which is mainly a history of ihe conquestf 
uf freedom. It will be a grand volume that 
tells, the story, and your name and mine, if I 
mistake not, will be found on some of its pages. 
For me the final chapter is now writing. It 
may be already written. But for you, this 
great constituency, there is a perpetual youth 
and a perpetual future, I pray Heaven that 
in the years to come, and when my voice is 
hushed, you m.ay be granted strength and 
motleration and wivtlom to influeuce the coun- 
cils of your country by righteous mcms to none 
other than to noble and to righteouss ends.*' 
Mr. Bright was said to have spoken with much 
of his old animaiion for one hour and icn 
minutes to an audience thought to Irnvc num* 
l>ered over 1 5,00a 

M.-Died. aged 58, Vice-chancellor Wick- 
ens, who had taken his Bachelor's degree at 
Oxford in 1S36 a2& a Double First Class. 

— The Carthagena Intransigentes bring four 
steamers as prices into harbour, and leave two 
sailing vessels outside after ransacking them, 

— At the opening of the Canadian Par- 
liament the Governor-General announces that 
the Pacific Railway Company had BUrrendeml 
their charter. 

— Aitcmptcd murder and suicide by a 
man nauied Peacock, a coo]»er, in Walworth, 
,\ K. . j^ nnionj^st the oldest of those con- 



i 



\v^"Si 



L% 






fl5*— ^even men drowned in the Thmtnei, 

the upsetting of a boat in a fog while 
ossing from Woolwich. 

80. — Died, on tlic Pacific Kailwny, J* C. 
Heenan^ the antagonist of Saycrs m the memo- 
mble international fight at Famborough, in 
April, iS6a 

Five htindred British troops sent from 
tlcn lo LaIikIj, in consefjucnce of a threatened 
occupation by the Turks. 

AT. — The e%4dcnce for the defence in the 
1 ichbome case doses on thi^ the 124th day of 
trial. 

— A force of Ashantes defeated by Sir 
amet Wolseley, and several villages dc- 

Itroyed. 

Tlie monarchial scheming in France 
suddenly checked by a letlcr from the Comte 

Ic Chambord to M. Chesnelong, declining to 
take any concei&ion on the subject of the Jlag. 
For foity-three years," he wrotc^ ** 1 have 

>reservt'd intact the sacred deposit of our 

lailitions and our liberties. 1 have, therefore, 
right to reckon upon e<|ual confidence, and I 

*ught to inspire llie same sense of security, 
"y |)ersonality is nolUiog ; my principle is 
erylhing. France will see the end of her 

[rials wlien she is willing to understand this. 

' am a necessary pilot, the only one capable of 
iding the ship to port, because I have for 

liat a mission of authority. You, sir, are able 
do much lo remove mtsunderstandings and 

prevent weaknesses in the hour of struggle, 
our consoling words on leaving Sakburg are 

'vcr present to my mind. France cannot 

icrish, for Christ still loves His Franks ; and 
hen Goul has resolved to save a people, He 
kes care that the sceptre of justice is only put 
to liands strong enough to hold tt,'' 

i. — Died, (hrough the effects of a cold 

caught in returning from Paris, in the 85111 

r of his age, Sir Henry Holland, appointed 

'hysician in Ordinary to the Queen in 1852, a 

vetler gf wide reputation and unwearied 

livity. 

The old Opera House in the Rnc Lepd- 
leticr, Paris, destroyed by fire, 

110. — Died, aged 72, Jolm, King of Saxony, 
He was succeeded by King Albert. 

SO, — Stokes, who shot Colonel Fisk of the 
rie Railway, found guilty of manslaughter in 
third degree, and sentenced to four years' 
prison ment. 

— The French Minister of War Issues an 
cr announcing that General llcUcmare ha* 

en placed on the retired list for having 
ritten a letter the spirit of which was 011- 
1 lo nanonal sovereignity. An order of the 
ii\y \n the army ^vn.* aUo is^sued by Marshal 
MacMah>>n, in which Ijc stated :—** A single 

cl of insu ■!■■■'•'■ '--'^ ''■■ '■'•■" '-"nmitltNl in 

army^ liublic is 

iy conv)^ ^ tfd. He 

ti24 



Is aware of (he spirit of devotion which a«i» 
mates you : you know how to maintain in the 
army thai union and disciplme of which yott 
have always set an example, and which, while 
constituting its strength, alone can assure tlie 
tranquillity and independence of the country. 
As soldiers, our duly Is clearly laid down for 
us, and is indisputable. Under alJ circuin-> 
stances we are to maintain order and cause 
legal decisions to be resj>ected/* 

30.— Choral festival in St. Paul's Cathedral. 

— Died, aged 52, M. Ernest Aime Feydeatt, 
French novelist, 

31. — The filibustering steamer Virgittius^ 
with a crew of 135 men, captured near Jamaica 
by the Spanish gunboat T^rnada^ and taken to 
St. J ago de Cuba, 

November 1* — Died, aged 60, the Right 
Mou. Sir William liovill. Lord Chief-Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas. 

fl. — The Vienna Exhibition doses, having 
been visited since its o|)ening in May bf 
7,254,687 peojile. 

— Died, at Cf>atbridge, I Lanarkshire, aged 7S, 
Mrs, Janet Hamilton, the daughter of a shoe* 
maker, without education, mother of a large 
family, and for many years totally blind, yet 
who, by patient effort in the way of self culture, 
produced poems and stories of high rocric 

— Completion of the International Bridce 
of the Grand Tmnk Railway between Canada 
and the United Slates, 

— Replying to a correspondent as to the 
use of the term ** free land," Mr. Bright writes 
that it means "the al>olilion of the law of 
primogcnilure and the limilatton of the system 
of entails and seltlements, so that ' life interests * 
may be for the most part got rid of, and a real 
ownership substituted for ihem. It means also 
that it shall be as easy to buy or sell land as to 
buy or sell a ship, or, at least, as easy as it is 
in Australia and in many or in all the states of 
the American Union, It means that no l^al 
encouTfigement shall be given to great estates 
and grest fanns, and that ihe natural forces of 
accumulation and dispersion shall have free 
play, as they have with regard to ships and 
shares, and machinery, and stock-in-trade, and 
money. It means, too, that while the lawyer 
shall l>e well paid for his work, unnecessary 
work shall not be made for him, involving an 
enormous tax on all transactions in connection 
with the purchase and sale of lands and houses* 
A thorough reform in this maticr would com* 
plete, with regard to land, the great work 
accomplished by the Anti'Com Law League 
in 1846. It would give an endless renown to 
the ^iinister who made k, and would bless to 
an incalculable extent ali clones connected 
with and dependent on honest industry/* 

3. — The Pope writes to Lcdochowski that 
he sees with fcoirow tbe profoMirs nf the Church 



WMMBEK 



^873. 



NO VE MB EH 






designated as rebeli ; *' its bishops are con- 
<^mned by lay courts as agitators, persecuted 
wiih fines, deprived of their offices and expelled 
the country, the spirittul orders are prohibited, 
Ihe clergy is gagged, and, by arbitrary measures, 
preretited from exercising its ofSce j education 
of the yiiuth in the spirit of the Church is for- 
bidden, in order thai, on the one hand, the 
popolatiori may not be con6rmed in the prin- 
ciples of reli^on, and that, on the other, the 
hope may vajii^h of able and faithful servants 
of the altar being trained up. In oider to 
ttxidermine the glory of God, the property dedi- 
cated to Goti is robl>ed ; even the chief hclms- 
i of the Church is kept in bondage in order 
"'^though uiltrly dcspojl^d, he may not 
I the Church w^ith freedom, according to 
wen." 

••—Died, Rio* Rosas, ex-Ministcr and Pre- 
•idcnt of the Spanish Cortes, 

— Died, ai Mecca, Abd-el-Kader, formerly 
Chief of Oran, Northern Africa, and a for* 
midable foe to French rule in that country, 

— Seven British seamen drowned at San- 
nder by the upsetting of a life-l»i>at which 

had manned to save the shipwrecked crew 
Spanish achonner Uni^m, 

le on for hearing in the Cotirt of 
the case of the A/mhUq, two actions 
by the owners of the Northfl€et and 
owners of the cargo, for the loss of both by 
ctjllision in Januarv last. No one repre- 
the owners of tne MurUh, In giving 
lent. Sir R. Phillimore said ; — " I ^ant 
prayer of the motion, but I don't think I 
ongfat to content myself with that single part of 
^iny judicial duty. I find it difficult to express 
^^Hb adequate tcrtos the indignation whtdi the 
^^Htvtality and meanness of conduct of those who 
^^Bad the charge of tlie MHriih must excite in 
^Hbke bosom of every man not void of the onli- 
^^Bary feelings of humanity. This case, indeed, 
Kpfcamts all the cruelty without any of the 
OENuage of the pirate." 

— Eiplosion in the premises of a firework 
maker. Broad Street, Lambeth, causing the 
death of eight people, being the whole of the 
occupants at the time the calamity occurred* 

ft.— The Democrats carry the New York 

I and Virtyrma State elections with heavy gains 

^■c)' Morities^ while in Massachusetts 

^■11 were successful, but with a 

^^we>iu^cu mu|r>iuy, The Republican candidates 

^Hrefe soecesiful in New Jersey, Arkansas, and 

^^jfinn^^a. Democratic candidates carried 

' MiryLand. In Wisconsin the Fusionist party 

were successful. Generally the returns up to 

this dale showed heavy loaies to the Republican 

P»rty. 

— At tkc opcninff of the French Assembly, 
Wfemmt it lOld Ironi Marshal MacMahon, 
lljng £r a fuie guarantee of peace *' tJie p re- 
nt Gofemziicot lacks (wo essential conditions 

\ oottid not be longer overlooked without 




danger. It has neither sufficient vitality nor 
authority. Whoever the holder of power may 
lie, that power can do nothing durable if its 
ri^ht to govern is daily calleiLl into question, if 
it hr^ not before it the guarantee of a sufticicntly 
long existence to spare the country the per- 
sp«?ctive of incessantly rccurrini» agitation. 
WiOi a power that might be changeti at any 
moment, it is jxissible to secure peace to-day, 
but not safely for the morrow. Every great 
undertaking Is thus rendered impossible, and 
industry languishes." A pro|x>sal for pro- 
longing the President's power for ten yean 
was thereupon carried by 360 to 348 votes. 

— Opening of the Austrian Rcichsrath^ the 
Emperor speaking of the Exhibition as having 
drawn logetlier sovereigns of diiitant slates, 
and so increased the pledges of peace and 
strengthened the influence of Austria. His 
Majesty further exhorted the Reichsraih to 
work with united energy at the solution of the 
great task of uniting the people of Austria, so 
that she might become a powerful state^ strong 
in ideas o^f justice and liberty. 

— The Ashantees attack the British position 
at Abrakrampa, but are repulsed and finally 
retreated* 

— The strong feeling in the Dominion re- 
garding the Pacific Railway contracii and the 
cxpeiiditUTc of the funds obtained under the 
Allan concession, leads 10 the resignation of the 
Prime Minister, Sir John Macdonald. Mr. 
Maclcenrie undertook the task of forming a new 
Ministry. 

6. — The Irish National Board of Education, 
by 9 votes to 7, finally refuse to recognize Mr, 
O'Keeffe as manager of the Callan schools. 

7. — The Bank rate of discount raised from S 
to 9 per cent. 

— Fifty 'three of the crew of the Vir^nius^ 
including sixteen Britbh subjects, shot at San- 
tiago. 

— The Diet at Munich resolves to extend 
the juri^iction of the German Empire over the 
whole civil legislation of Bavaria. 

— Earl Grey details in the Ttmes a policy 
which he thinks ought to have been pursued 
by the British Government in Western Africa, 
and might, in his opinion, have avoided the 
Ashantee wan 

a. — Monument to Count Cavour unveiled at 
Turin, in presence of King Victor Emmaitud, 
the Princes of the Royal Family, members 
of the Cabinet, deputations from Ihe Senate 
and the Chamber of Deputies, the members of 
the Diplomatic Body, the civil and military 
authorities at Turin, and deputations from the 
Municipal Councils. The weather was ex- 
tremely unfavourable, and the illuminaiions had 
to be postponed. At the Ijanquct given in the 
evening by the municipality to 500 quests, Xhf 
British Minister, Sir Auj^ustus Pa^tt, ^scox^ 
the lia]^am ot \iit s^TCv^>ic^^ cA >L\m^'>»^^^c^ 



NOVEMBER 



1873. 



NOVEMBER 



the Italian cause, and its high admiration of 
the great statesman who insured its success. 

8. — Died, at Paris, aged 77, Auguste de 
Metz, founder of the Reformatory at Mettray. 

9. — Burning of the ship Nagpore in Kings- 
town harbour, attended with serious damage to 
other vessels in port, 

— Royal order issued, relieving Count von 
Roon from the presidency of the Prussian 
Ministry, and appointing Prince Bismarck his 
successor. 

10. — At the Lord Mayor's banquet this 
evening, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Lowe de- 
fended the policy of Ministers, the latter, in 
addition, expressing himself as confident that 
the dissolution of Parliament would not neces* 
surily be the dissolution of Government 

— Died, aged 73, Robert Vernon Smith, 
Lord Lyveden, M.P. for Northampton from 
1 83 1 till his elevation to the peerage in 1859. 

IS. — Mr. Knight, of Dundee, having with- 
drawn with his congregation from all connec- 
tion with the Free Church, the Presbytery now 
formally declare that he has ceased to belong 
to their body. 

— Prussian Diet opened. 

13. — Mr. Charles Hall takes his seat in 
court as successor to Vicc-Chancellor Wickens. 

— Died, aged 76, John Gough Nichols, 
F.S.A., one of the founders of the Camden 
Society, the editor of many of its volumes, and 
a prolific contributor to genealogical and topo- 
graphical literature. 

\A, — In consequence of the excitement mani- 
fested throughout the States at the Virginius 
executions, Mr. Fish urges the American Min- 
ister at Madrid to protest against them as an 
outrage to humanity, and an insult to the 
American Government. The Spanish Govern- 
ment in reply admitted its responsibility, and 
reiterated assurances of its friendly feeling to- 
wards the United States. It disapproved the 
executions, and promised to shape its course 
accordingly. Sections of the New York press 
urged that a declaration of war should be issued 
at once, and possession taken of Cuba. 

15. — More changes announced in the Min- 
istry, Sir John Coleridge accepting the Court 
of Common Pleas, Mr. James Uie post of 
Attorney-General, and Mr. Vernon Harcourt 
that of Solicitor-General. Dr. Lyon Playfair 
became Postmaster-General. 

— M. Laboulaye presents to the Assembly 
the report of the Committee of Fifteen pro- 
posing to prolong Marshal MacMahon's power 
tor five years. The President rejectca this 
proposal, and on the 19th the Assembly by 
383 to 317 votes confirmed his power for seven 
years. 

— Opening of the Italian Parliament, the 
King declaring in his S|)eech from the Throne 

/^lai /le/jr audGermany have both eonstitutcd I 



themselves in the name of the principle of 
nationality; ** they have both been able to 
establish Liberal Constitutions based upon a 
monarchy associated for centuries with the 
national sorrows as well as the national j^lories. 
The relations between the two Governments 
are in conformity with the sympathies existing 
between the two peoples, and are a guarantee 
for the maintenance of peace. It is our desire 
to live in harmony with all nations. Never- 
theless, I shall firmly guard the rights and 
dignity of the nation." 

18. — Home-Rule Conference in London, 
called to discuss and adopt a series of resolu • 
tions. The first declared the prosperity of 
Ireland to be only jwssible under self-govern- 
ment ; the second asserted a right to self- 
government; the third claimed a Parliament 
in Ireland composed of the Sovereign, Lords, 
and Commons of Ireland ; the fourth afl'irmecl 
the principle of a federal arrangement for in- 
ternal aflfairs, leaving to the Imperial Crown 
and Parliament legislation res poet ini^ the colo- 
nies and other dependencies of the Crown, the 
relations of the Knipire with forei^^n Powers, 
and all matters appertaining to the defence and 
stability of the Empire at large, as well as the 
power of granting and providing the supplies 
necessary for Imperial purposes ; the fifth de- 
clared that such a change effects no change in 
the Constitution or disturbance of the prero- 
gatives of the Crown ; the sixth slated that it 
would be necessary to have in Ireland an 
administration for Irish purposes, conducted 
by Ministers constitutionally responsible to the 
Irish Parliament. 

— The President of the Board of Tn;de 
addresses a circular to railway companies, 
calling attention to the opinion expressed in 
Colonel Tyler's report that the great propor- 
tion of accidents during the past year arose 
from causes entirely within their own control. 

19. — Sir John Coleridge sworn in as Lord 
Chief-Justice of the Common Pleas. To his 
constituents he wrote: — **I will not affect to 
deny that I quit political life reluctantly, and 
resign the seat for Exeter with great regret. 
It has been the pride and honour of my life 
to represent the capital of my county, and my 
political principles are as strong and my poli- 
tical sympathies as keen as ever, though hence- 
forward I can allow them, as a judge, neither 
influence nor expression." 

— Mr. Disraeli installetl as LorI Rector of 
Glasgow University, delivering thereafter to an 
immense audience assembled in the conserva- 
tory of the Botanic Gardens an address ex- 
planatory chiefly of principles to be observed 
by the students for attaining success in life. 
Self-knowledge, he said, was the first c^**- 
dition. Bitter disappointment and pcL^^-'S 
failure followed the revelation of the haisli 
reality which belied the golden promise «»l 
youth as to our own powers. Accjuaintancc 
with the spirit of the a^e was the second con* 




NOVEMBER 



1873- 



NOVEMBER 



of success — ^not obedience to it, for it 
\ be an evil spirit, but acquatntAnc^ with 
acquaintance nccessi*ry to alL What 
! spirit of the age ? The spirit of equality. 
|c believe*! in political equality* He held that 
quality before the law was the only true foun- 
i of a commonweal Ih. It had long pre- 
tiJwl in Britain, and to it more than to gco- 
' cal dtslinclions* of v^hicb we have heard 
latdy, the patiuitism of the people 
Bye. He did not lielicvc in social equality, 
c had tried social equ.iliiy for eighty 
with what result thry knew. The ex- 
Timcnt made there »howcd that social equality 
not a safe principle upon which to rely 
hour of trial or of danger. Hut social 
J did not satisfy the latest philosophers. 
^Jw^inTc^l material equality. They believed 
i!ytn material happiness; they wouUi destroy 
•ivale property, and acknowledge only the 
ghts of l.itKiur. **The insurmminlaMe oh- 
acic,** he concluded, *'to the cstal)lishment 
new opinions will bt- furnished by the 
tl elements of the human mind. Our 
crosy is not bounded by the planet 
I we inhabit. We can investigate space, 
we can comprehend eternity. No con- 
Uti ' .,1 to this sphere have hitherto 
M' itcment which man requires, 

! r his conduct which his nature 
bperatively dcmamls. The sptrttiml nature of 
nan is stronger than codes or con<»tituiions, 
Ka government can endure which does not 
f^cognite thnt for lt> foundation, and no Icgis- 
'■tion last which doe*^ not tlow from that foun- 
The principle may develop itself in 
llAoifcsl f()rmi, shape of many creeds and 
' any churches, but the principle is Divinc- 
itrnt? Ts divided into day and night, so reli- 
i[)on Ihe providence of Cod and the 
y of man. j Loud cheers, ) One is 
>., ihe others mysterioivs, tjut both are 
lets. Kor is there, as some would teach yon, 
tiyttiing in the^ic convictions that tends to con- 
Ct our intclhgencc or our sympathies. On 
confrflfv, religion invigorates the intellect 
' t heart He who has a due 
' tns to God is \yr\i qualified to 
..c^ ;.j man.*' Speaking at a ban- 
in his honour hy the city in I be 
I Mr* Disraeli said: "It has been my 
! the lender in the House of Com- 
fuf the great political parties in the 
Btveand t went y ) curs and there is no 
K'ord, I liirlicve, in the parliamentary history 
this country of a duration of a leadership 
(im1 to it. There have tieen in my lime two 
attHous instances of the great parlies being 
by mosl eminent men. One wns the in- 
of Sir Rot>ert Peel, who led the Tory 
1pr eighteen years, though unfortunately 
bmke asunder. There was also the 
? of one who i« still sparetl to us, and 
t hope, mAv lie long spared to us, for he 
pride of this country, as he was the 
V of the lloufcc of I'ommons*^ — I,<rinl Juhn 
He loi one of ihc great parties of 



the State in the House of Commons for seven- 
teen years, though at last it slipped out of his 
hands. Do not suppose for a moment that 1 
am making these observations as any boast 
The reason that I have been ahle to lead 11 
parly for so long a period, and under circum- 
stances of some difficulty and di<.couragcment, 
18, that the party I lead is really the most 
generous and most indulgent party that ever 
existed. I cannot help smiling sometimes when 
I hear the constant intimations that are given 
by those who are in the secrets of the political 
world of the extreme anxiety of the Conserva- 
tive party to get rid of my services. The fact 
is, the Conservative party can get rid of my 
services whenever they give me the intimation 
that they wish it. Whenever 1 have desired 
to leave the leadership of the party they have 
too kindly requested me to remain where I was, 
and if I make a mistake, the only difference in 
thdr conduct to me is that they are more in- 
dulgent and more kind.** Mr, Disraeli went 
on to speak at length on the subject of the 
present commercial perturbation and the high 
value of money, which he attributed almost 
wholly to the great changes which various 
countries in Europe and various Governments 
in Europe are making with reference to their 
stand.ird of value. Mr. Disraeli was presented 
next day with the freedom of the city. 

fll. —The W^ashington Cabinet grant the 
extension of time asketl for by Spain to inquire 
into the details of the ^/r^'w/iij cxccutittns, 
and at the same time admit that consideration 
should be shown for the impossibility in which 
Spain lias been placed of ascertaining the facts 
of the outrage in time to make satisfactory 
reparation. 

ftH*— Addressing the Glasgow Conservative 
Association, Mr. Disraeli defended the Bath 
letter as a correct description of the conduct of 
the Government, well weighed, and in support 
of which ample testimony could be adduced. 
"There was only one characteristic," he said 
— "it was not original, for six months before 
in the House of Commons I had used the same 
expressions and made the same statement — not 
in a hole or corner, but on the most memorable 
night of the session, when there were 600 
members of the House of Commons present, 
when on the debate that took place avowedly 
the fate of the Miiu'stry de[>ended. It was at 
midnight thai I rose lo speak, and made the 
sfatement almost similar in expression, though 
perhaps stronger and more lengthened than the 
one which has become the cause of recent con* 
troversy. The Prime Minister followed mc in 
that debate. The House of Commons knew 
what was depending upon the verdict at>out to 
be taken, and with all that knowledge they 
came to a division, and by a majority termi- 
nated the existence of the GovemmcnL . . . , 
There was an illustrious writer, one of the 
greatest masters of our langu.ige, who wrot« 
the history of the last four years of the rci^ 
of Quectl AntMi^ ^\\kV ^;3k& ^t, ^vvrafiLviffv ^ va 




J 373- 



NOrEMBBR 




ftustrious Ministry. I have written the htstorr 

if a Ministry that ha* lasted five years, and 1 

have immortalized the spirif of their policy in 

five lines.'* Mr. Disraeli vpoke of Mr. Ltjwc 

ms having attacked the Government of the day 

. for imprudence in ioterfering in the affairs of 

^HAbyssiniiu *' lie laughai at the honour of 

^^■be country ; be laiighed at the interests of a 

^^Kw tJislftved subjects of the Queen of England, 

^^bmpared, as he said, with the certain destruo 

^Hkhi and disaster which mu^t attend any inter* 

' fcrcnce on our part. He described the horrors 

. of the country and the terrors of the clime. 

H^ie said Oiat there was no po^bility, by any 

^^Bieans, by which success could be obtained, 

pVtod that the people of England must prepare 

themselves for the most horrible citastrophc. 

I He described not merely the fatal influence of 
Bke climate, but I remember that he described 
Itie pink fly alone — (lau^jhtci)— whicli^ he said, 
Irould cat up the whole British Army. (Great 
pughter. ) He was as vituperniive of the in- 
iecti of Abyssinia a^ if they had been British 
workmen." In closing his address, Mr. Dis- 
raeli drew attention to the contest commencing* 
i Europe between the spiritual and temporal 
Dwer. **And here," he said, "I ttiust say 
liat if we have before us the prospect of strug- 
-pcrhaps of wars and anarchy, ultimately 
aused by the great question that is now 
wng in Europe, it will not easily be in the 
ower of England entirely to withhold itself 
Trora such circumstances. Our connection with 
Ireland will then be brought painfully to our 
^consciousness, and T should not be at alt sur- 
^Briscd if the visor of Home-Rule Uuiuld fall oH 
^^Bc»me day, and you beheld a very dtlTefent 
' countenance. Now I think we ought to be 
. prepared for those circumstances. The jKwi- 
■Hlon of England is one which is indicated, it 
^^■iTigers arise, of holding a middle course upon 
^BboM matters. It may be open to England 
^^bain to take a itand upon the Reformation 
^|P)ich 300 years Ago was the source of her 
' greatness and her glory, and it may be her 
proud destiny to guard civilization alike from 
the withering blast of atheism and from the 
simoom of sacerdotal usiirf«ation. These things 
ay be far off. but we live in a rapid ago, and 
' apprehension is that they are nearer than 
ne 5tuppo5c. If that struggle comcH, we must 
ok to Scotland to aid us> It was once, and ! 
pc is still, a land of liberty, of patriotism, 
of relitrion. I think the time h-os come 
hen it really should leave off mumbling the 
■ bones of jxilitical economy and munching 
remainder biscuit of an effete Liberalism, 
. We all know that a general election is at 
nd. 1 do not ask you to consider, on such 
I tK:casi**M, the fate of paities or cf Ministries j 

Hr T --^ ' " • - -^ ■■ •'"'■ *'^-" '-^ 15 very 

i^rcutly 

nenl of 

pigiand, iHcar, hear, and dieers.) And I 

you, when the occasion comes, to act as 

romcs an ancient and famous nation* and 

f aJI your energies' So the cause of fajth ami 

"^am '* 



09. — Boiler explosion at Cameron's engi- 
neering workt, Glasgow, ctnsitig the dcftlh of 

four men. 

— W. M. Tweed sentenced to twelve montht' 
imprisonment and a fine of 127,500 dollars for 
the New York municii>al frauds* 

— Disastrous collision between the Tran*- 
Atlantic steamer VilU du Haz*re^ from New 
York for Brest, and the Etiglish ship Lochmrm, 
The steamer was struck amidships, and a* she 
showed signs of sinking almost immediately, 
two of her boats were hurrierJly let down, but, 
even with the aid of the Lockmrns crew, only 
87 out of a total of 313 on board could be 
saved. The /'//// du liiWre sunk within twelve 
minutes after being struck. Fifty- three of the 
crew were rescued, including the captain* 
Among the passengers saved were ten ladies. 
All the survivors were on the same day tran- 
shipped un board the American ship Trtfrnmn^ 
(ahi, bound to Bristol, where they were landed 
on the 1st December. 

23. — Dieti, at sea, from fever contracted in 
his services against the Ashantees, Lteutenatit 
the Hon, A. W, Charteris, eldest surviving son 
of Lord Elcho. 

fl5. — Availing himself of the opportunity 
afforded in laying the first stone of the first 
school erected by the Liverj»ool School Board, 
Mr. Forster defends the principles of the 
Elementary Education Act, and the way in 
which it was carried out. 

— Mr Justice Blackburn gives judgment tn 
the cose of Itollon v. Maddox, involving the 
ouestion whether a promise to j;! f )r a 
charitable institution was a good ai^ 
so as to make a corresponding pro:... , ^ „ . ^ce- 
able at bw. Two subscribers to a charitable 
institution mutually agreetl to support each 
other's candidates for admission. At the first 
ensuing election the plaintiff gave his voles to 
the defendant's cind id sites; but as at the next 
election the defendant declined lu support the 
plaintiff's candidate, the latter subscribed seven 
guineas to the institution, and was thus under 
its rules entitled to the requisite number of 
votes. For the seven guineas he brought «n 
action againfit the defendant. For the latiei it 
was contended that such a promise could not 
be enforced, as there was a duty on the sub- 
scriber to give his voles to the best qualified 
candidates for admission. If, then, the hesX 
qu?»lified were the ones for whom he was re- 
qutn^d to vote, there was no consideration ; but 
if the> were not, the promise was against pubUc 
policy, and, therefore, not enforceable at bw, 
While some members of the Court desired to 
express their disap probation of this traffic ia 
voles, there was no principle of law which 
made such a promise other than a good con- 
sideration for a corresponding promise. Judg- 
ment for the plaintiff. 

— Archbihhop I^ochowski again Bned foi 
the unlawful iustitutiou of pricstA. 



MB* — Bombftrdmcnt ol Carlfaagenn com* 



— Tlic French Cabiiwst reconstituted, 

•y. — C*me on in ihc Court of Common 
Ple&i, befure Mr. Justice Brett and el special 
jury^ the com? of Gilbert v. Enoch, an action 
. fii<<*<l hv Mr, Gilliert, dramatist^ against the 
^■|> ' ' f the Pa/l A fa// GazdU^ iu su far as 
^Hft I lent had thertfin descntied ''The 

^VA' >rld '^ as a play loo indecent to be 

^■r' i in any theatre. Vejrdict for the 

— The hearing of the Tichborne case rc- 
[mcd. 

— Died, aged 70, the Rev. John Dymoke, 
Tcditofy •• Queen's Champion/' 

— The second London School Board elected. 

ftO.^Duel in the Grunewald, near Iter tin, 
between Generals Mantcaffet and Von GroWn, 
vifring out of mtstindenttanding?; between the 
two onicen during the late war. Count Grobcn 
mtt ieriofisly wounded by n, shut in the 

General Ducrot resigns his seat in the 
A^^mbly, with the view uf devoiinu 
If entirely to the duties of his mihtary 
ion. 



v: 



was ieri 
iloiiiach. 

^^Bdsttiofi. 



D«eem1>er I,— The Duke of North umber* 
liUid decled President of the Royjil Institution 
in sttooesiioci to the late Sir llcnry Ilolland. 

— Witnesses c*amiaed in the Tichborue 
case to prove the identity of Jean Luie with 
« |jei»on convicted of fraud- under tlie name 
oC Sorcnscn and Lundgrcn, and in prison 
■t the date of the alJegcd rescue from the 

— The Emperor of Awtria celebrates the 
twenty fifth anniversary of his arcesu»iofu An 
iflinesiy was granted to all pcr^orus under sen- 
tence for offences against his Majesty's person, 
and a speedy report was at tne same lime 
cwtlcTcd to be made nsjxjcti ng other condemned 
persons whose conduct warranted leniency 
octng shown Ihmi. 

— The Gatftte contains Sir Garnet Wolse- 
ley*s despatches from the Gold Coa<»l. The prin- 
aoal pumu dwell upon were the gallantry of 
tile omcers en^a^ed, the miserable behaviour 

the Tm«iv^ ^ ^ i, and the ur^^ent ncces- 

fc'f I' t!i of En^li>h trix>ps. 

Sir (jri Uelcy and Culonel K<s- 

»ke ill hi|^h terms of Lieutenant Eardk^y- 

A, in his despatch to Mr. Caidwcll, 

said : " 1 regret that one young 

[hM JiOSt bis life. Lieutenant Eardley- 

9it a **•"'* '^ .,. . . -s Tj ,, jjj, ^^^ 

hit i. liul, like an 

_^ gcf • lJ>c ficUl at 

his post, until ttult>e<|u<riaiy siiiut thnjugh the 
bcartv when he died aimo^l immediately/' 



ft-— Dr, Kenealy commences hi* speech in 
defence of the ClaimanL 

— Fall of a clothing and outfitting establish* 
ment in Fargate, Sheffield- 

— ^ Meeting in Willis's Rooms to take steps 
for carrying out the proposal that Bishop Wd- 
berforce's memory should be perpetuated by 
the raising of a fund for the maintenance of a 
body of missionary clergymen in South London. 
The Bishop of Chichester was in the chair, and 
Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Gathornc Hardy anuMig 
the speakers. 

— In his Message to Congress, President 
Grant said that the present invoJvemetu wiih 
Spain through the capture of the Pltr^inittx was 
now in the way of being adjusted on conuitiuns 
equally honourable to both nations. The 
Spanish Government, it was said, had recog- 
niicd the justice of the demand ma^le by the 
United Slaic*, and arranged for the immediate 
delivery of the ve*»5el and the surrender of the 
sur\'ivors. In afldiiion to this, the American 
flag was to be saluted, ihe guilty per^nns pun* 
i&lted, and those entitled to be indemnified. 

— Ancrum Mou^e, near Jedburi^h^ the ient 
of Sir William Scott, Bart-, destroyed by ftre, 

3.— Day of Intercession for foreign missions, 
Profc5vsor Max Miitler delivering a lecture on 
the subject in Weialmbister Abbey in the 
evening. 

— Dicd» at Brighton, aged 92, Sir George 
Rose, among the last survivors of the '* Old 
Westmixiatet^ '^ of the last century. 

A. — ^Earl Russell writes to Sir George 
Bowyer: — ** I am very sorry to differ from you 
in the step which I liave taken of consenting 
to preside at a meeting at which it will be 
proposed to express our sympathy with the 
Emperor of Germany in the declaration he has 
nmcle in his letter to the Pope. I conceive 
that the time has come, forcAeeu by Sir Robert 
Peel, when the Roman Catholic Church dis- 
claims equality and will be satisfied with 
nothing but ascendency. To this ascendency, 
openly asserted to extend to all baptized per- 
s*Mis, and therefore including our t^"*^"* ^be 
Prince of Wales, our bishops and clergy, I 
refuse to submit. The autonomy of Ireland is 
as.sertc'1 at Rome. I decline the Pope's tem- 
poral rule over Ireland." 

— The Yarkund Emlmssy reach Kashgnr, 
and are cordially received by the AtaUkb 
Gharee. The Queen's letter with presents from 
the Governor- General of India was presented 
on the I ith. 

5. — The new Solici tor-General, Mr. Vernon 
Ilarcourt, re-elected for Oxford without oppo- 
sition. 

«. — The GoTcmor-General of India informa 
tlie Secretary for India that supplies of rice 
were now t»eing pushed forward to the distiicfta 
affccied by live scaidl^. 




^f^^mm^^ i^ 



1873^ 



BECEMBE. 



•.—Sir Samuel Baker gives an airoount of 
his expedition into Central Africa to the mem- 
bers of the Royal Geographical Society. 

— Fire at Ycdtlo, destroying buildings 
extending over two miles and a half of the 
city. 

©.—Mr. Mills, ConscrvatiTC, elected M.P. 

Ifof Excicr by 2,346 voles, against 2,055 given 
to Sir Edward Waikin, Liberal. 
^ Dense fog in London^ seriously inter- 
fering with traffic, and affecting to an appre- 
ciable extent the health of the prire cattle on 
.show at Islington. As many as fourteen people 
were reportetl to have been drowned m ihc 
docks during its continuance. The dcath-raie 
fur the week was sixty above the usual average. 

— Mr. Bright denies that be had ever 
applied the word ''residuum" to the working 
classes. '* I do not,*' he wTites to a corre* 
spondent, '* remember the time when, or the 
speech in which, I used the word * residuum,' 
or I would refer you to the passage* You 
would at once see how utterly unjust and false 
is the construction which Mr. Head has put 
upon it, I do not know what Mr. Read is in 
his pulpit^ but I would advise him to slay there, 
where lie cannot be contradicted. On the plat- 
form, he is, what is not uncommon in the hot 
partisan priest, ignoiant and scurrilous, and a 
^uide whom no sensible man would wish to 
follow. His congregation should pray for him." 
The speech in which the objectionnblc phrnj^c 
occurred was understowl to be one delivered in 

I the I lovf^c during the discu«^ion on the Reform 
Bill of 1S67. "At this moment," said Mr. Bright, 
•*in all or nearly all lioroughs, as many of 
us know, sometimes to our sorrow, there is a 
small class which it would be much better for 
themselves if they were not enfranchised, be- 
cause they have no independence whatever, 
and it would be much better for the constituency 
also that they should be excluded, and there is 
no class so much interested in having that small 
diss excluded as the intelligent and honest 
working man. I call this class the residuum, 
which there is in almost every constituency, of 
nlmost hopeless poverty and dependence," 

10. — Marshal Baiaine found guilty, and 

sentenced to death. At half- past four o'clock 

Moltre I^chaud concluded his speech in de- 

fence. The Due d'Atimale then rose and 

asked the Marshal if he had anything more to 

add. In the midst of profound silence, the 

Ihfardial rose. He said : " I bear on my breast 

tvvo words, * Honour* and 'Country.' They 

hive been my motto for the forty years during 

which I have ser%*cd France, alike at Met* and 

elsewhere. I swear it before ChrisL" The 

larshal was pate, and he appeared deeply 

loved, The Court having spent some hours 

delilieration, the President, on returning, 

id: — "In the name of the French people, 

( n'.tnril i\{ W.T, X^ff. . il^1ii»PT ^ I he ^.1] owing 

hal 
]. ,.itu. 



latcd before the enemy in the open Add 
Unanimously, Yes. Secondly, had this capitti 
lation the effect of rnakin:; those under hit 
command lay down their arms ? — Unanimously, 
Yes. Thirdly, Ls he guilty of having ncgo 
tiated with the enemy before having doni 
everything prescribed by duly and honour P-^ 
Unanimously, Yes. Fourthly, is he guilty 
having surrendered a fortified place, the pi 
lectkm of which had been intrusted to him 
— Unanimously, Yes. In consequence of thii 
Marshal Bazaine is condcmnetl to the penal 
of death, with military degradation, and ccai 
to belong to the Legion of Honour, an* 
l>esides, is condemned to pay the expense o 
the trial as regards the State. The Cound 
ordei^ that the sentence shill be read to ih 
Marshal in the prison, in presence of th 
assembled guard under arms." This sentcnc 
was in two dap commuted by President Ma< 
Mahon on the reconmicndation of the Coui 
into twenty years of seclusion on the Isle St 
Marguerite. Marshal Bazaine thereupon wrol 
to the President : — " You have remeratjcrcd ih 
days in which we .served our country together) 
and I fear that the impulse of your heart over 
mastered State considerations. I should hai 
died without regret, since the rccommendatic 
to mercy made lo you by my judges vindicati 
my honour." 

11. —The Claimant's witness, Jean Ldi< 
committed for trial on the charge of perjury^ 
Pending further proceedings against him, tt»« 
prisoner was sent back to undergo the 
mainder of his sentence as a convict. 

— Died, aged 57, William de Courc 
O'Gratly, known in Ireland ns ** The 0*GTady,^ 
head of an ancient Milesian family. 

— Charles Dawson sentenced to death a 
Durham Assizes for the murder of his wife b] 
beating her with a champagne bottle, and thci 
dancing upon the body of his unhappy victim^ 

— Meeting in London to establish a National 
Federation of Employers of Labour, 

la.—Died, at Rome, aged 36. H. S. P, 
Winterbotham, M.P., Under-Secretary of Stat 
for the Home Department 

I4s— Died, aged 73, the Queen Dowagei 
Elizabeth of Prussia, widow of the late Kin| 
Frederick William IV. 

— The Popc*s last Encyclical on the pre« 
sent persecution of the Catholic Church reai 
in the Roman Catholic Churches in Lendoi 
by order of Archbishop Manning. By desir 
of the Archbishop, the ** faithful were at th< 
same time formally warned, in their several 
congregations, that tho5c xyhc* dispute or deo;^ 
the dehniiion of th*^ ^ v of the Roniaj 
Pontiff, or iropu^ ' and dogmatical 
constitutions of ' ncil, incir 
the pen-iltics 1 icre^^y, anc 

vt. in danger ^ : ., ^ ..-.^, j^ted fron 

the unity of the Chiircli and from the fold o 
Chria- 




December 



1S73. 



DECEMBER 



\J^ — Dr.TriAtnim, ChanceUor of Ihe Diocese 

Jon, i^v^cs jud^^ent aj^itinsi tin; cretUon 

ftldacchino over the communirm-lable of 

fcrnabas Church, riiulicch After tnuth 

aticm, he said he had come to the 

iBiori that the proposed ornament did not 

nc within the ruorics, and that it was not 
cessary or subsidiary to the services of the 
fhurch. It was not in the pr*:>vince of this 
urt lo sanction the erection of an ornament 
not sanctionedi and as tlie law di<l 
ovidc for sticli an ornament lo the com- 
i' table, it was not for this court to issue 
Rbcnlty to give greater dignity and honour 10 
'be holy table than the simple dt^ity pre> 
" 'by the law. He should, therefore, 
} the application for a faculty, and ^ji^m 
owron hLsi coits. As he had dt-cidcd ihe 
question on the legal ground, it was not neces- 
sary to go into the question of discretion, 

1#. — The surrender of the Virgiftius and the 
torvivtnc prisoners to American officers at 
Bahta Honda. 

— Disastrous storm at Sheflieldf a lofty 
lower in Trippet*lane falling through a portion 
of ibe works with which it was connected, and 
burying about a score of workmen in its ruins. 
A hig^ chimney in Milton Street was also 
blown down, and tn other parts of the town 
vftrious workshops were unroofed. 

— A Committee of Ministers of the Church 
Scotland, concerned at the insufficient 

Kmber of quali^ed probationers presently 

ratlable, issue a circular announcing an in* 

ntion to adopt energetic means for main- 

ining her efficiency, **They contemplate 

ding and encouraging, by pecuniary grants^ 

y^ung men of ability and character, who desire 

lo study fur the ministry. They consider it of 

Titai importance that every such student should, 

throughout his university curriculum, be a 

regular worshipper in some particular congrc- 

g^on, from the minister, elders, and members 

of which he should experience friendship and 

•tlaition. With a view lo all this {writes the 

OcillUry), I have to beg that yon will kindly 

^* me, on or before the 8tli proximo, 

1 know of any youth in your parish 

^mtion who is inclined to become a 

and whom you believe to be fitteJ 

? office by his talents and dispositions." 

!•. — The Tichbomc case adjourned on]this 
the t45th day of trial until after Christmaa. 

— The firet stone of the National Training 
School for Music laid by the Duke of Ed in. 
bargh at South Kensington. 

— Sir Jamei! rolrjnhoTin, Bart., of Ltiss, 
1 nd a bo^, drowned 
ing to hii mansion 

u ;. jjcr • "i.iyn shooting with his 
otlicr on fnchloanig. 

ii'.ng one 

IvellL-ni 

,r . to the 




character of Colonel Charles White, Lord 
Dcsart acknowledj^es responsibility by signing 
n document denying that Cohmel White or his 
family were rt-ferrcd to in the article. '* Had it 
been so, I freely admit that that article would 
have iieen defamatoiy, unw arranted, unwarran- 
table, blackguard, infamcus, and utterly \m- 
worlhy of a gentleman's pen. 1 hope that 
Colonel While will give the utmost publicity 
to this statement/* 

10 — The Governing Body of Rugby School 
resolve to remove Dr. Hayman from the Hea*! 
Mastership. 

ac— The Civil Marriages Bill read a second 
lime in the Pru^ian Lower House. 

— Eight men drowned in the Thames at 
West Moulsey, by the sinking of a boat en- 
gaged to convey them :icross the river from the 
works of the Lambeth Waaler Company. 

fil. — Died, at Lambeth, aged 89, Major 
George Rawlinson, who had obtained on en- 
sign's commission in iSo5p and been on the 
half-pay list since i8t6. 

ilfl. — Announcement made of the creation of 
four new peers— Mr. Monsell, Lord Eraly, of 
Tcrvoe, in the county of Limerick ; Sir James 
Welwoml Moncreiff, Lord Moncreiff, of Tullie- 
bftle, Kinross-shire; Admiral the Hon. Edwaid 
George Gmnville Howard, heir presumptive to 
the Karl of Carlisle, Lord Lamcrton, of Lamer- 
ton, in the county of Cumberland ; and Sir 
John Duke Coleridge, Baron Coleridge, of 
Ottery St, Mary. 

— Died, at Dublin, aged 77, Lofd Chief 
Baron Pigott, 

— The Pope holds a Consistory, at which 
he creates twelve new Cardinals. 

— The Attorney-General for the United 
States pronounces an opinion that the Vir^nius 
was not entitled to carry the American flag, her 
papers having been obtained by perjury. The 
American Government accepted the conse* 
ouences in accordance with the stipulations of 
the protocol upon the subject signed by Spain 
and the United States. 

— A jury in the Court of Eiccliequer gives a 
verdict carrying 350/. damages against the pro 
prietor of the Giituctiter AUrrury, for publishing 
a Jibcl against Mr. Edmunds, solicitor, Newcnt, 
charged hut year with the murder of his wife, 
and, as appeared to the Lord Chief Baron, the 
victim of a species of persecution under cir- 
cumstances which, but that they appeared tn 
evidence, he should have thought impossible lo 
lia%e existed in this country. 

fl3. — Archbishop Manning reads a paper 
before a Society known ns the ** Academia of 
the Catholic Religion,*' on Ctcsarisra and Ultra* 
montanism, to prove that the antagonist of the 
Church has always been CtCKinsm, or tlie 
supremacy of the civil over the spiritual. *' If 
the Church," said the Me\\\5\s>\\^^, ^' \*. K\eC\.* 
chribt, every Cacs^t tt^m "Hciti \?i ^\% ^1 



DECEMBER 



1S74. 



JANUAKY 



justified. If it be Christ, it is the Supreme 
Power among men; that is to say: (i) it holds 
its commission and authority from God ; (2) it 
holds in custody the faith and the law of Jesus 
Christ ; (3) it is the sole interpreter of that 
faith and the sole expositor of that law. It has 
within the sphere of that commission a power 
to legislate with authority ; to bind the con- 
sciences of all men bom again in the baptism 
of Jesus Christ ; it alone can fix the limits of 
the faith and law entrusted to it, and there- 
fore the sphere of its own jurisdiction ; it alone 
can decide in questions where its power is in 
contact with the civil power— that is, in mixed 
questions ; for it alone can determine how far 
its own Divine office, or its own Divine trust, 
enter into and are implicated in such questions ; 
and it is precisely that element in any mixed 
question of disputed jurisdiction which belongs 
to a higher order and to a higher tribunal," 

24..— The Supreme Court of the Brazilian 
Empire finds the Bishop of Pemambuco guilty 
of attempting to set aside an Article of the 
Constitution, an offence punishable by im- 
prisonment, and orders him to surrender to 
the court to receive judgment. 

— Charles Edward Butt, a young farmer 
living at Arlington, sentenced to death at 
Gloucester Assizes for shooting a young woman 
named Phipps, whom he had courted for some 
time, and who appeared to have aroused his 
jealousy by attentions shown to other young 
men at Longney Feast. 

— Died suddenly, aged 47, Dr. F. C. Webb, 
editor of the Medical Times and Gazette, 

S6. — Twenty men drowned in the Tyne, 
through the sinking of the steam-tug Gipsy 
Que^n, after striking upon the wreck of a sunken 
lighter near Northumberland Dock. 

— The liberated vessel Virginius founders 
in a gale off Cape Fear. 

27. — Naval Brigade, 200 strong, land oh 
the Gold Coast and proceed to Prahsu. Sir 
Garnet Wolseley and his staff proceed to the 
front. 

— Mr. Caleb Gushing appointed American 
Minister to Spain in succession to General 
Sickles. 

as. — Popular demonstration in Paris, at the 
funeral of M. Francois Victor Hugo, son of 
Victor Hugo. 

— New Bourse at Brussels opened with a 
ball attended by the royal household and mem- 
bers of the diplomatic ciicle. 

30. — A Berlin telegram to the Times re- 
ports that the Chapter of the Civil Class of the 
rrussian Royal Order "For Merit" has been 
presented to Mr. Thomas Carlyle, the vacancy 
having been created by the death of Alesandro 
Manzoni. 

— The Duke of Edinbuigh letTCS Londiw 
or St Petersbuig. 



31. — Treaty between Russia and Bokhara 
published at St. Petersburg. One Article pro- 
vided for Russian merchants having the right 
to construct harbours on the banks of the Amou 
Daria, in the territory of Bokhara, the Govern- 
ment of Bokhara to be responsible for the 
security of such harbours, and the sites cho.scn 
for them to be approved by the Russian autho- 
rities ; another that Russian merchants shall be 
permitted to establish factories and commercial 
agencies in any part of Bokhara, and the mer- 
chants of the latter shall l)e entitled to possess 
such establishments in Turkestan territory. 
Both Governments engaged to consider all 
commercial treaties as sacred, and faithfully to 
fulfil them. 

— The French National Assembly, after 
voting 8o,ooo,ooof. new taxes, adjourns for the 
recess. 

— Telegram received from Hong Kong, 
announcing that the Portuguese Government 
had abolished the Macao coolie trade. 



1874. 

January 1. — Died, aged 53, David Morier 
Evans, journalist, for over thirty years con- 
nected with the City department of the Times 
and Standard newspapers. 

&. — Parliament of Portugal opened by the 
King, who thanked the Britiali and German 
Governments for the supply of arms furnished 
to his country in the course of last year to 
complete her military armament. 

— The Spanish Cortes opened with a mes- 
sage from Sefior Castelar, describing the insur- 
gents at Carthagena as engaged in a criminal 
insurrection tending to break up the unity 
of the Fatherland, the marvellous work of 
so many centuries, "seizing upon one of our 
strongest pUces, the best provided of our arse- 
nals, and our most formidable war vessels, 
maintaining its accursed flag under the protec- 
tion of impregnable fortresses, and thereby en- 
couraging the revival of demagogic passions. 
The want of troops and resources delays the 
capture of the place, but, considering the 
energy and activity of the besiegers and the 
prostration and penury of the besieged, it 
must soon fall at the feet of the Assembly." 
Papers were promised relating to the Virginius 
difticulty, settled, it was said, according to the 
first principles of international law. 

3. — Died, aged 61, William Telbin, scene 
painter. 

— A new Revolution in Spain, Sefior Cas- 
telar, twice defeated in the Cortes, being suc- 
ceeded by a military Dictatorship. Castelai 
thereupon wrote: — ** I protest with all the 
energy of my soul against the brutal act oi 
violence committed against the Constitutional 
Cortes by the Captain-General of Madrid. M j 
fl n ai dcnce will not peimit me to associate my< 



^The 



idf wilh demi^ogues ; hut. on the other hand, 
my oonscknce and my hunour keep me aloof 
from the state of thiups which has jiu>t been 
cfcdied by the force ofuayoneu*" 

9. — Dftwstjn, Gough, and Thompson exe- 

ted at Durham. 
L — 'Flic Conservatives gain a seat at Stroud^ 
poll showing 2,817 ^'OT Dorrington, against 
2^42t far Ifavetock, Liberal. 

— The Duke of Cambridge assaulted in Pall 
aU by a nrlired captain named Maun^ell, 
busc mind hml become affected through wliat 

confidered a denial of justice by oSiciiilsi at 

Horse Guards. 

7, — Addressing hit constituents at Elgin, Mr. 

nt Dnflf expresses an opinion that for a 

:.e Cabinet to be possible not as a 

.::ip^ but to live with its own life, 

I ibat not one or two men like Lord 

by arc ncce5>siryp but half a dozen, and I 

not see the men, nor any of them, an aiser- 

n whith I make without forgelting the merits 

politicians like Mr. Cave or Sir Charles 

'Addcfley.'* Afitr some remarks on Mr. iJis- 

raeli's "speech at Glasgow, Mr. Grant Duff dls- 

the posMbihly of a middle party in 

lish politics, and contended that there were 

it men enough to form such a party. Just at 

■nt he did not think the country wantct! a 

ition, much less a Conservative Govem- 

leaL 

— Died, aged 69, Henry Glassforrl Bell, 
Sheriff of Lanarkshire, and author of a volume 
of graceful verses. ShcritT Bell's illness gas** 
rise to a disagreeable controversy regairiing a 
somewhat brusque request made to him by the 
Home Secretary to resign, which was thought 
to have even damaged the closing days of the 
Liberal Ministry. 

— The Glasj^w Presbytery appoint a com- 
Diittee to inquire into the relalrons in which 
that body stood to Principal Caird, preparatory 
to dealiBg with him on a charge of htrcsy on 
the subject of rcsponsil ility for belief. 

— The Prussian Judicial Tribunal fur the 
trial of ccdcsiastical causes sit for the first liine, 
ihc c«sc for decision being the complaint of a 
chApUiQ who had been removed from his office 
b9 the Bishop of Padcrbom. The court dc- 
cmed that the act of the bishop was null and 



— Explofiioii in Carthagcna of n powder 
magatifie, fired by the besieging batteries;. 

•.^President MacMahon delivers the Car- 
iKmili" hat& to the new Cardinals in the chapel 
of Ihe Ftlace of Versailles. The recipients 
irere MoriMti^rior Chigi, Papal Nuncio, and 
the A : i >f Paris and Cambrai* ** T he 

Top€, Mar^hnl, "knows our filial 

Bttifli i'^n at the manner 

teirh' Iv. His sympathy 

didnoti^^i — . and his good 

i sre ifk of pacific 

atif>u M?nt pursues." 

IIJU 



#.— The Prince cf Wales unveils the statue 
of his father the Prince Consort, set up at 
Uolbom Circus by a private person and pre* 
sented 10 the Corporation of the City. 

-^ Died, aged 51, George CoJwall Oke, 
chtef clerk at the Mansion Mouse police court, 
and author of various le<;al works, 

10. — The Prince onrl Princess of W^lcs, wifh 
Prince Arthur and a numerous suite, leave 
London for .St. Petersburg to attend the mar- 
riage of the Duke of Edinburgh. 

— The Bishop of Troyes having forbidden ibe 
clergy of his diocese to celebrate masses fur the 
soulof ihe EniperorNapoleon, the Empress writes 
that she can hardly beliLve it, ** because the 
Church has never refused a prayer for the dead. 
The spirit of chanty and brotherly love form 
one long chain which binds us iht one to the 
other — the rich or the poor, those in prosperity 
or those in ndversTty, the living and the dead ! 
No, it is impussihie that you can liave lefitscd 
a prayer for him who foiinded the institution of 
almoners for saying the prayers after death. 
No^ it is impossible, whtn you protest against 
thoivc civil burials which deprive a Christian of 
the prayers of the Church, that yu can have 
refused those same prayeis when askcrl for. 
Moreover, it is impossible that you can have 
forgotten the oath which you took in the pre- 
sence of him who is no more," 

11. — Carlhagena surrenders to the troops 
of the Madrid Government. The town had 
suffered severely^ though not so much as was 
supposed, except near the Madrid Gale, where 
the damage was very great. There scarcely 
one house escaped untouched, and some were 
riddled with shell ; two houses had been thrown 
down, and the street pavement ploughed up. 
Immeuse damage was found to have been done 
by the recent explosion of the powder maga* 
tine, where over 200 persons were said to have 
been killed. The walls near the Madrid Gale 
soffereil much, but there was nothing ap- 
proaching to a breach. The NHmemia, with 
the insurgent Junta on board, escaped to Oran, 
and surrendered to French authorities. 

m. — Three convicts, lUilt, Pailey, and 
Barry, executed within the precincts of Glou- 
cester gaoL 

— A vote of conBdcnce in Ministers carried 
in the French A<isemhly by a majority of 58 in 
a house of 700 members. 

13. — Mr. Justice Grove, the judge appointed 
to inquire into the petition against the return 
of Sir Henry Jaraest Attoniey- General, opens 
proceedings m the Nisi Pnus Court of Taunton 
Shire-hall. 

\A, — Iwokura, the second President of the 
Japanese Council of Stale, attacked in Vcddo 
and slightly wounded. 

— Dr. Kenealy concludes his speech in de- 
fence of the Tichbomc Claimant, hjLV\ru;^s\Kikti\ 
twenty -Iqui davv ^\i. ^vnVvsa www«\«as 



JANUARY 



1874. 



JANUARY 



his rq)ly next day, and in the afternoon, when 
proceeding homeward, narrowly escaped from 
the attentions of an excited mob pretending 
sympathy with the Claimant. 

14. — The French Assembly express ap- 
proval of the Government bill relative to the 
nomination of mayors. 

— The Rev. George Richardson Mack- 
arness elected Bishop of Argyll by an absolute 
majority in both Chambers. Tlie candidature 
of Provost Cazenove was withdrawn. 

15. — The Baroness Burdett-Coutts presented 
with the freedom of the city of Edinburgh, "in 
recognition of her ladyship's devoted zeal and 
patriotism in the promotion and munificent 
support of useful and charitable institutions, 
and also in consideration of her Iarlyship*s 
association with Edinburgh as the honoured 
descendant of one of its chief magistrates." 

16. — ^The allegations against Prince Bismarck 
fai a book recently issued by General Delia Mar- 
mora, lead to a scene in the Prussian Lower 
House. In the course of a debate on educa- 
tion, Herr von Malinckrodt declared that the 
Uhram6ntanes were as faithful patriots as 
Prince Bismarck, and he asked, amid con- 
siderable uproar, ** Were thoy present at the 
conference between Prince Bismarck and M. 
Govone when a cession of territory on the left 
bank of the Rhine was discussed?" adding, 
** I myself was not present, but I met wth this 
statement of the interview in a reliable quarter." 
After a reply from Herr Kleoppel, the motion 
f/as allowed to drop, and the debate on the 
Civil Marriage Bill resumed. Prince Bis- 
marck shortly afterwards entered the House, 
r^d obtained leave to speak on a matter of 
privilege. He characterized the statement of 
Herr von Malinckrodt as an audacious and 
lying invention, made in a malignant and 
calumniatory manner. The Imperial Chan- 
cellor added : — ** I never uttered a syllable of 
the sort. I have never spoken of ceding a 
village or a meadow of German territory. The 
whole accusation is through out an audaciously 
invented falsehood concocted to blacken my 
character. (I^ud cheers. ) I ask for no special 
consideration from my opponents, but I am 
entitled to ask that they shall behave more 
decently in the sight of fo eign countries and 
our own Sovereign." Later in tlie discussion 
Prince Uismarck said : — " It is remarkable that 
Herr Malinckrodt attaches greater value to the 
testimony of a foreigner than to mine. It 
would require a man's lifetime to contradict 
all that my enemies write against me. I may 
safely say, and I am proud to be able to say it, 
that I am the most strongly and the best hated 
man of any country in Europe Has not Herr 
Malinckrodt sought to keep you and the 
country in the belief that Delia Marmora's book 
tells the truth? I do not wish to convince 
him, but I ask you, could I not have obtained 
ihe most immense results if I bad been willing 
H/ cede a portion of German territory to Fmnce ? 



Did I do so? You have no right to ask the 
leader of the Government to justify himself 
against calumny in the open tribune. That is 
a proceeding to characterize which no parlia- 
mentary expression can be found. The public 
press will, no doubt, find one to supply the 
deficiency." 

16. — Died, at Bonn, Dr. Max Schultze, 
anatomist. 

17. — Narrow escape of the De Broglie 
Government on the Nomination of Mayors 
Bill. An amendment by M. Ducarre, of the 
I^ft, enacting that the mayors should not bit 
selected except from the members of the muni, 
cipal councils, was lost by only fourteen votes, 
the numbers being 343 and 329. A subsequent 
amendment, proposed by M. Feray, of the Left 
Centre, that the mayors should be selected 
from the municipal councils in communes 
having a population of less than 3,000, was 
rejected by 341 against 336, showing a majority 
for the Government of five only. 

— The German Emperor writes to the 
Old Catholic Bishop, Dr. Reinkens :— " I thank 
you for the hearty congratulations which you 
nave offered to me on the occasion of the 
renewing of the year. May God's blessing 
advance the work begun by you in His name, 
also in the new year. May continually widen- 
ing circles be penetrated by the unquestionably 
right conviction, shared by you, that in my 
States respect for the law is reconcilable with 
the exercise of the religion of every community 
which pursues no worldly purposes, but only 
tlie one purpose — to seek man's peace with 
God." 

18. — Died, aged 78, James Matthew Cope, 
for over fifty years connected with the London 
press. 

— Died, in North Carolina, aged 63, the 
Siamese twins, Chang and Eng. 

19. — The Swedish Parliament openetl by the 
King in person. 

— Died, Dr. George E. iiiber, for many 
years incumbent of Roehampton, and a prolific 
controversialist. 

— The Corporation of Brighton entertain 
Sit Samuel Baker at a banquet in the hall of 
the Royal Pavilion. Addressing the assembly 
after dinner, Sir Samuel said there was now a 
fair prospect for the development of the country 
of the White Nile, but the future would of 
course depend upon the energy and intelligence 
of the Governor, who should be perfectly un- 
fettered by Egypt, and should be furnished 
with supreme power. He much feared that 
the Viceroy was rather too impatient for quick 
returns from his new territories ; but as he had 
now intrusted his (Sir Samuel's) late command 
to an English officer of high reputation — 
Colonel Gortlon— he felt sure all would be 
done that was possible with the means fur- 
nished by the Viceroy. The good work had 
been began and roust be continued i)y English- 




JANUARY 



1374' 



7ANUAHY\ 



Should Ihat element be wiihdrawn, the 
flaire trade wouM retippcor like a cancer thftt 
lias bccti vainly extirpated. 

l^,— Apologising for bis inability throufih 
ill iTfTJillh In attend ihc meeting in St, Jamci's 
n ' •! to express s^ipathy with the 

I I Germany, in his conflict with the 

J 1 :■ r-li writes :^-** The very same 

\ 1 bound me to Ask for equal 

tr • Roman Catholic* the Tro- 

tc^uiU DiSMruicft and the Jew, bind me to 
pTotr^t Rj^iiinst d conipiracy which aims at 
t !rc German ICmpire in chains never, 

I I, to be shaken oif. I hasten to 

tit. ,,..'-, «itli all friends of frcoJom, ami, I 
trust, with the great nmjority of the Lrtgbsh 
nation, that I could no lonjjer coll myself a 
lover of civil and rcligiou* (iberty were I not 
lo pHJcIaim my sympathy with the Emperor of 
Geminy in the noble struggle in which he is 
\Vc have naihing to do with the 
..f ii,. ( ^.nnan laws ; they may be just, 
tliejr I li : we can only leave it to the 

G«rm-' ; • dcciilc for themselves* as we 

tyiVG U<^i4<^i lor ourselves. At alt events, we 
are able lo >ce that the cause of the German 
Emiieror is (he cause of Itberty, and the cause 
<if the Pope b the catisc of slavery/* 

— (" ' Miy Mr. Disracl^ setit to 
ke C ibcrs of the House, m- 

alu.^^ iM.i iiv. Majesty having been 

a^cd to direct that Parliament should re- 

nblc on the 5th of February, I trast ihat 

pu m«y 6nd it convetuent to be in your place 

I tJiat day," 

— The French Government suspend the 
*mi^erx two months for publishing in its last 
Bmtier a pastoral letter from the Uibbop of 
' ngucux, and for the publicatioa of certain 

ubng articles commenting upon the recent 
iicul:u of the Minister of Public Worship to 
be Ficnch bishops, 

— l>lcd of fever in the camp at Prahsu, 
Ciiptaiti Huyshe of the Rifle Hrigadc, a volmi- 

^ lor service in the Bdd against the Ashan* 

ptying lo B deputation in favour of 

pmi&ebold sufirage to coimlies, Mr. 

said the que^ion should not be 

taken up by any Government, and 

: uiidertaken only when a Government 

* Mid reasonably believes it can 

I A fuecessful and satisiactory result. 

d^tone concluded by saying be should 

when the period was reached to 

"effect lo il ' ''\% which he had 

time to tun I, impressed as he 

rith the coii. ....,., „^ opinion that ihe 

ught for by the deputation would form 

litional strength to the throne nud to 

■ws, and add to the general happiness of 

r oottntry. 

a" 

pr 1 .iruajncnt 



regarding Religious Equality, the F^ucat| 
Actj and Disestablishment 

ft I, — A body of Chinese labourers cmph 
on the Costa Rica railway works, resist in^ 
attempt made to force them to work duriii^ 
fog, are fired upon by the military at night, and 
six killed. 

ftfl.— In the course of the inquiry regarding 
the Claimant's witness Kuic at bow Street to 
day, a certificate signed by Mr. Whallcy and 
Mr, Onslow is read, certifying on their part 
•*And on the part of alt who have known Jean 
Luie in relation to the Tichbome case, that he 
has shown himsdf to he a man of thorough 
hoii&sty and great intelligence, and that he has 
bome himself through all his life as a man 
entitled to confidence ond respect. He bos 
been exposed to great diftkuUics, harassment, 
and temptotion through this affair, and has 
remained staunch and true, and rendered very 
great service to Sir Roger Tich borne." 

113. — Married, at the Winter Palace, St. 
Petersburg, the Duke of Edinburgh and the 
Grand Duchess Marie Alexantlrovna. The 
Orthodox ceremony was |>erformcd by Greek 
ecclesiastics, and the Anglican by Dean Stanley* 

— The first division of the Court of Session 
sit in the case of Padwick v. Stewart, an action 
raised to test the validity of the entail executed 
over the estates of Murthly and Grondtully. 
In 1 871 an agreement was entered into between 
Mr. Padwick and Sir William Stewart, who 
was then proprietor of Murthly, to sell the 
estates at Sir William's death lo Mr. Padwick 
for the sum of 350,000/* Sir William died in 
April 1871, and Mr. Padwick brought this 
action to have it found that the agreement for 
the sale of the estates was an effectual one. 
Sir Archibald Douglas, Sir William** brother, 
who was the next heir of entail, maintained 
that the entail of the estates was a valid one, 
and barred any sale. The court decided agahisl 
Mr. Padwick 

— Mr. Albert Grant intimates to the Metro* 
poli tan Board of Works his int en tinn of presenting 
Leicester Square as a place of public recreation. 
** I further, he wrote, ** intend to erect at the 
four corners granite pedestals, on which busls 
in marbJd of a suitilAc si/c will l*e placed of 
ihe following celebraiefl men, all known lo 
have been locally connected with the traditions 
of Leicester Square :— These will be Hogarth 
and Sir Joshua Reynolds, lx4h of whom lived 
and died in houses in the square ; Dr. .Samuel 
Johnson, the friend and constant visitor of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds; and Sir \ ^ 'Mn, who 
liveil in Leiccsicr Plice r- j s*]uane 
for many years after he bc<: 1 nt cif the 
Royal Society \ men who, it will in: admitted, 
arc worthy 01 being illustrated by the sculptor's 
art, but who have not, that I am aware of, yet 
received any rcco^\\\vvjt^ ^t v\W« ^^iaxt^*;;^ ve^ 



lyANajA'y 



1874. 



JANUAR 



fl^— To the surprwe nf all except a few 
faTnitiar wilh the dctertni nation come to at a 
Cabinet meeting held yesterday, Mr. GIndsione 
ounce* the disj^olulton of rarliament in a 
address to the electors of Greenwich. 
.kit authority/' he said, ** which was in 
1S68 amply confided by the nation to the 
Liberal p.irty and its leaders, if it haii now 
svmk below the point Tieccssary for the due 
defence and pio>cciitton of the public interests, 
I in no way be so IcRilimnlety and effecluaUy 
iorcd aii by an appeal to the people, who, 
their reply to such an appeal, rnay place 
beyond all challenge two great questions— the 
5rst, what they think of the manner in which 
the commiHsion granted in 186S has been exe- 
cuted ; the second, what further commission 
they now think fit to give to their represent;^- 
lives, and to what hands its fulftlmcni and the 
ttd ministration of tlic Government are to V>e 
entrusted," On the Education Act, Mr. Glad* 
stone did not doubt with regard to **one qr 
two points, calculated to create an amount of 
uneasiness out of proportion to their real im- 
portance or difficulty,'' that ** the wisdom of 
the renovated legislature will discover the 
means of their accommodation/' Expressing 
his satisfaction at the rise of wages in the 
agricultural districts, which he regftrde<l as "a 
new guarantee for the stabilily of the throne 
and institutions of the country/' Mr. Gladprone 
passeil to the consideration of the county fran- 
i hise. ** I have never concealed my opinion 
that Those institutions will be further strength- 
ened by granting to the counties generally that 
extended franchise which has been conceded 
with general satisfaction to the towns, and to 
the populations of a number of rural districts 
with a central village, wdiich may perhaps be 
called peasant 'bo roughs/' In estimating the 
revenue for the current year, the Prime Minister 
did not fear to anticipate as the proliable balance 
a surplus exceeding rather than falling short of 
5,000,000/. ; and, with this sum in hand, lie 
suggested the possibility of abolishing the in- 
come-tax. The proceeds of that tax, he said, 
for the present year " are expected to be be- 
Iwcen 5,ooo»ood/. and 6,000^000^, and at a 
sacrifice for the financial year of something leas 
than 4^500,000/., the country may enjoy the 
advantage and relief of its total repeal. I do 
not hesitate to affirm that an effort should now 
be made to attain this advantage, nor to declare 
that, according to my judgment, it i« in present 
circumstances practicable,^' 

— Since the general election in 1S6S the 
party losses and gains had been — Liberal seats 
lost' 32, Conservative scats lost 9. The 
Liberal majority was lhougl>t to have fallen 
from 116 to about 70. 

— News from Atchin »no ounce the captune 
of Kraton by the Dutch, aAcr a successful 
attack on its western side. When entered, 
the place was found to he abandoned. This 
rpiia)t o'.'js considered as deciding the war 

\mg3tinst the Atdune^, 
itj6 



%A. — Died, agetl 90, Adam Black* puHiahe 
Edinburgh, for which city he sat in ParUamei 
from 1S56 to 1865. 

fl6« — Mr, Disraeli issues his address to tl 
electors of Buckinghamshire, He did w 
think it necessary at present to considi 
whether Mr. Gladstone has advised the Quc< 
to dissolve Parliament as a means of avoidii 
the humbling confession that he has, in a frej 
viqlation of constitutional law, persisted 
retaining for several months a seat to which 1 
was no longer entitled, or to postpone or cvac 
the day of reckoning for a war carried on witi 
out communication with Parliament, and tl 
expenditure for which Parliament ha* n 
sanctioned^ It is sufficient to point out that 
under any circumstances the course — altogelh< 
unprecedented — of calling together ParliuM 
by special summons for the dispatch of bUfl^^H 
and then dissolving it before its meeting«l^|| 
be justified, there is in the present case I 
reason whatever suggested wny this was tJi 
done six weeks ago, and why the period of tl 
yenr usually devoted to business before E^istc 
which must now l)e wasted, should not thi 
have been saved. The right hon, gcntlemj 
found in Mr. Gladstone's *' prolix narrative^ 
nothing definite as to the policy he wou| 
pursue except this — that, having the prospei 
of n large surplus, he will, if retained in pow 
tlevote that surplus to the remission of t 
ation, which would be the course of any part 
or any Ministry. *' If returned to Parliamen 
1 shall, whether in or out of ofhce, continue tl 
endeavour, to propose or support all mcasur 
calculated to improve the condition of tl 
people of this kingdom. But I do not thin 
this gifcat end is advanced by incessant ai 
harassing legislation. The English people n 
governed by their custom* as much as by th< 
laws, and there is nothing they more dbli! 
^han unnecessary restraint and meddling inl< 
ferencc in their affairs. Generally speaking, 
should siy of the Administration of the h 
five years that it would have been better for 
all if there had been a little more energy in o 
foreign policy and a little le^ in our domcsl 
legislation, ... By an act of folly or 
ignorance rarely equalled, the pretent Ministf 
rolinquished a treaty which secured us tl 
freedom of the Straits of Malacca for our tra* 
with Chioa and Japan, and they at the san 
time entering on the West Coast oi Afric 
into those 'equivocal and entangling engag 
menu ' which the Prime Minister now depr 
cates, involved us in the Ashantee war, Tl 
Conservative party (he said) viewed the coiml 
fraQchise question without prejudice, Tb 
have proved that they are not afraid of popi 
rights. But the late Reform Act was a la 
measure, which, in conjunction with the Ball 
has scarcely bwn tested by experience, 
ill* l-efore they sanction 

V- ill inevitably involve, 

otUcT L--.r.^...c...wle changes, the disf 
ment of at le«st all boroughs in the kingdi 
Gompnu(i|r lets th4n 40^000 * ^" 



MtfAkV 



1S74. 



yANUARY\ 



riMnfj of the propose drsefrtablislimeDt of 

It and divni iun from the 

Lcation, as es which ihe 

lii- t^Icctton niii-i uL^^Lit, *'tticir sohi- 

c went on) musi be ajnved at when 

is more ^Un-nly slirretl than at any 

»ifice the K<rtiirmaiioti, and when the 

of civil liberty and religious freedom 

de(>cnfs m^on the strength uml liability 

iknd. 1 ask you la return mc to the 

of Comnmna to jcskl every proposal 

uch iiuxy iiupixii that stiLU^th, and to supjjort 

every meau5» her iun^erial sway/' 

fi6w — Proclanmiion issued for the dissolution 

I of I*aflmment« writs for new elections to be 
■etuniable, 5th Mat^H. 
I — Grand pojade of iroop* at St Petenbiu-g 
m honour of the visit of the Prince of Wale^ 
I — Anuoancement made of the death of 
Dr. Livingstone, wliilc juumcying in the direc- 
pon of U iiyany«oiba. He was bom at Hlant jre, 
nesr Glasgow, in 1817. 

— ^Tr. Disraeli* writes Mr, Lowe to bis 
. teUs tif that he does not tliink 
•n of the United Kingdom ig im- 

' islation. 

late at 

T» .. T. ., , : . .^^^ care to 

lcn<l no one. ' c state of England 

ilh her slate I 1 ■ _ i|jo. To what do 

owe lite change ? T** Jaws which harassed 

«• owni-rK fif boroughs, the corrupt coqjora- 

ed tnules and industries, and 

[|1 in short, all persons and 

cli held privileges adverse to 

ic general welfare. The man who prefers 

tom tn Irrw nriTionnccs a principle which 

Msc, and siih?^iitute 

\\ rism for the clear 

-ins t»f a civilij'.cd 

rii<^t in a Linivcisily 

^ , 'f harassing legis- 

ition/' antt concimleti with the remark, ** The 

^ i{;ht comes uoon all. but we will not draw 

fbe curtain while it i^ yet day, '^ 

— In the matter of (he Taunton election 
T _' decides that the 

elected^ and that 
jl'c t'l.j iji |HijcLLUjrig> must be paid by 
jietitionerv. 

— Fire at the British Embassy, Lisbon, Sir 
ChsHei and fjidy Murray making a narrow 
CKape from ndTocation. 

87. — Meeting in St. JameVs Hall to express 
fympalhy with the German liinperor in his 
itru^l© with the Pope, Sir John Murray, 
Port, (of Phibphaiijjh), presided, and the 
upokeni were the Dean of Canlcrbory, Sir 
KoWrt Peel, Uart , Sir Thomas Chambers, 
' ■ '■ ■•-- ' - ♦■' '-' -■ '■'- -- ■ ' — of 



piui lif. Jcj^Wih V. i 



m ^Vmencan 
received from 



the Archbishop of York stating that while be 
declined to commit himself to the objects of 
the meeting, no one was more opposed to 
Lliramonianivm than himself A simdar letter 
wa^ received from the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. 

SI7.^Atcident at Manuel Junction on the 
North Hritish line, the 6,35 Ijsndon express 
from Edinburgh to CJhisgow running into a 
mineral train shunting there, and killing fourteen 
pa-ssengcrs. The engine driver was wounded, 
and the stoker and another m-in killed* The 
collision was disastrous in the extreme, the 
carriages of t^e pnssenger train being piled up 
to a great height alwive the engine, and many 
of the passengers killed on the spot. A lar]ge 
number were injured, while others escaped 
almost miraculously, though Imried in the 
dJi^ns. A staff of docttirs and assistants was 
procured from Edinburgh. 

— Nonconformist manifesto issued descnbing 
^fr. Gladstone's views on religious equality as 
vapie and unsavisfactory. 1 he Committee 
urged on the mctro|^>olitan constituencies the 
propriety of eliciting from candidates a promise 
to support those nllerations ni the Education 
Act, which, in the judgment of this Committee, 
are necessary — viz, the abolition of the 25lh 
clause, the univcrsnl cstnbbshmervt of school 
boards, with »i Iw^ird schtMjl in earn district* 
and compulsory altcnd.mce. ** It is also de- 
sirable that the opinions of canflidtitcs should 
be a5ccrt*iine*l on questions of religious ec]unlity. 
They recommenfl that, nhould the aniwer^ not 
l>e satisfactory, the advisability of securi?ig 
candidates favour?»b!c to the princiidex of this 
Committee be carefully con si lie red, and that the 
suddenness of the deuianil which has lieen 
made on the electors should not V>e allowed to 
interfere with the performance of this iroiiortant 
and paramount duty/* Another apf)eal to 
elector* proceeded at this lime from the LaUnir 
Representation League, asking working-class 
voters to vote for labour candi<latcfi, " that you 
may practically assert the principle of direct 
labour representation. We ask you also to 
vole for lalKJur candidates that you may remove 
fn:>m yourselves the degrading stigma of dais 
exclusion." 

as,— Marshal Gableni, formerly A«ti;triaii 
commander in the Sleswick-llolstein war com* 
mils suicide at /Zurich. 

— Mr. Gladstone addresses his Greenwich 
constituents at P' ' ' ' , A large number 
g.itbered to vil aUhou^h the day 
was somewhat u!K 1,, He <fefended the 
home and forei^ policy of his government 
against the criticism of Mr. Disraeli, and under- 
took to show that the Dutch treaty wg.irding 
the .Straits of Malacca had been carried through 
when that statesman was in oflFrce in 1R58, tJn 
the subject of finance the PKme Minister was 
careful to have it under^lomi that by v^\*c%\ of 
the income tax he meant its total and ibs^U^^ 
repeal H\s ^viUmcnv ^^^i \«jqcvs<A ^>aiok.\»iii 



JANUARY 



[874. 



JANUARY 



and long-continued cheering. Any attempt 
(he said) to tamper with this or that schedule 
of the income-tax I am convinced would fail, 
and would likewise impair the general stabihty 
and credit of the finances of the country. Mr. 
Gladstone concluded by declaring — " Twill not 
lead one section of the Liberal party— in what 
I think an unnatural and fratricidal war against 
some other section of it I have too much 
respect for them all to enter upon such a course, 
and 1 am perfectly persuaded that there is 
l)lenty of work to be done upon which you are 
united and agreed, and for the doing of which 
you will give effect to your union of sentiment 
at this dissolution by a corresponding union of 
votes. If you do that — if again you march to 
the poll with one heart and with one soul, as 
you have done upon former occasions, in view 
of continued application and of further triumph 
of those principles to which you have so long 
and so energetically and so successfully been 
devoted — then I say with the utmost confidence 
that, in spite of Conservative reaction, and in 
spite of the seductions of foreign policy — aye, 
and in spite of the Straits of Malacca— once 
more, and not for the last time, victory will 
crown your cause. " 

29. — The Lord Chief Justice commences 
his summing up to the Jury on the Tich borne 
case, on this the 169th day of trial. 

— First members returned to the new Parlia- 
ment, the elections in Cirencester, Harwich and 
Marlborough being made without opposition. 
Numerous nominations take place on this and 
following day. 

30. — Died aged 92, Admiral Thomas Gill, 
who entered the navy in 1794, and was present 
at the capture of Port-au-Prince, St Domingo. 

31. — Election speeches made by Mr. Glad- 
stone at Woolwich, Mr. Disraeli at Aylesbury, 
and Mr. Bright at Binningham. In explanation 
of his position as Chancellor of the Exchequer 
the Prime Minister said, when he found th it a 
question was raised as to his vacation of the 
seat, he obtained the best legal advice he could, 
and the present Master of the Rolls, the Lord 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, the Lord 
Chancellor, and the law oiHcers of the Crown, 
had all advised him that he ought not to certify 
that his seat was vacant. He therefore reserved 
the question for the decision of the House of 
Commons. Mr. Gladstone afterwards urged 
upon the Liberal party the necessity for united 
action, and cautioned them to be moderate in 
their views, and not to strive after things which 
were, for the present at least, unattainable. — 
Mr, Disraeli amuse<l his hearers by describing 
the Prhne Minister*s reason for dissolving — 
'* as far as his meaning could be gathered from 
a document of remarkable length — that it 
was because the Government only enjoyed a 
majority of 66. Now, If the Conservative 
Government enjoyed a majority of 66 he be- 
iieved it would be able to carry on the business 
ai the countiy with satisfiactioii and benefit to 
i^ luUtaa, Me compared tbc position of the 



country to that of a sick patient who really 
suffered notliing except from the nerves. Her 
Majesty's Government were evidently a ner\'Ous 
Minislf}*, for, in the midst of apparent prosperity 
anJ with a large majority in Parliament, they 
suddenly dissolved it" Concerning recent 
domestic legislation >rr. Dbracli reiterated his 
opinion that, for the last five yeiirs the policy 
of the Government had been tc make every- 
body uncomfortable. Turning to foreign affairs, 
he urged that the consequences of inattention 
to th sc matters were costly wars, ignominious 
treaties, and sham arbitrations got up as a cloak 
in order to pay hush-money for blunders or 
insults committed. With regard to the Crimean 
war, he said — If we had declared that the 
moment the Russians crossed the Pruth hosti- 
lities would be declared, no M*ar would ever 
have taken place ; and if the country were 
indebted to any one more than another for the 
costly result of this indecision it was to Mr. 
Gladstone, the then Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer. Mr. Gladstone evidently forgot now 
that foreign affairs were simply the affairs of 
this country in foreign parts ; and, seeing that 
his policy had entailed on this countr}' such an 
immense loss of treasure, it was the height of 
folly for him to pride himself on cutting down 
the dockyard establishments and i)aring the 
income of a few hard-worked clerks. Touching 
upon the Abyssinian war, he justified the con- 
duct of the Conservatives for undertaking that 
war, and said that the cost exceeded the original 
estimate because it was found absolutely essen- 
tial to conclude it at once without involving a 
second campaign. The appointment of Ix>rd 
Napier of Magdala to the command of tlie 
army in Abyssinia was ridiculed by the Liberals 
because he was only an engineer oflficer, but so, . 
indeed, was the appointment of Lord IVIayo as 
Viceroy of India, the present Government 
going so far as to advise her Majesty to recall 
that noble lord from his post. — Mi. Bright re- 
marked, " They say that we — that is the Liberal 
party — have disturbed classes and interests un- 
necessarily, that we have harassed almost all 
sorts of people, and have made ourselves very 
unpopular thereby. Why, if they had been 
in the wilderness, no doubt they would have 
condemned the ten commandments as a harass- 
ing piece of legislation." He pleaded guilty to 
the charge that they had disturbed a good 
many classes and a good many interests, and 
in doing so he offered as the justification the 
fact that in no single case had they injured a 
class or interest, and in every case they had 
greatly benefited the country. 

— Died at Pau, whither he had gone for 
the benefit of his health, the Right Hon. 
Duncan McNeill, Lord Colonsay, aged 80 
years. 

— Sir John Byles takes his seat as a member 
of the Judicial Committee. 

— Engagement at Amoafnl between the 
trooos under Sir Garnet Wolseley and the 
Aahantees. The latter fougjht despeintely and 



^JiUARY 



1874. 



PEBKUAh'Y 



srverely. The casualties on the 

side were — Royal Engineers, CapUin 

, killc<i ; Major Home, wounded in two 

Lieutenant Hare, wounded in two 

\ \ two Sappers and thirty six labourers 

The N*-vval Brigade, 145 strong, had 

fcjce ofhccts wounded — nnxnely, Captain 

il)bc« LiciUen:int Mundy, and Lieutenant 

nw.son, and twcnty-Mx men killed and 

Dundcd. The 23rd/about ninety strong, had 

; officer and five men wounded* The 43nd 

St nine ofTiccrs and 10 J men in killed and 

^' I iur St .icphtTson wounded 

Lillet pa-ssfd through Im 

i.i^n the whole way. Major 

iird was luadty wounded in both legs and 
the chest, and carried to the rear unable 
move, where he afterwards feli a victim 
the fury of the natives. Operations com* 
' r 6 a.m. and continued with liiUc 
1 in the fighting till 3 p,m. The 
-kjcnl led the advance, a»d itormed 
he village of AmcmfoiK The Rifle Brigade, 
be Naval Itrigaile, and a company of the 250! 
legimeiit^ with \Vood*s and Russell's native 
Igiincntft, were all holly engaged throughout 
"■y< 'Ilie Ashanlecs also l:>esicgcd, with- 
tc-s-s the village of Quarman, which had 

(occupievi as a post, and attacked a convoy 

I>etween Insarfu and Quarman* 

r^bmary 1. — The Rev. Charles Walde- 
gravc Sandford consecrated Bishop of GibraUar, 
in the Cathedral at Christ Church, Oxford, 

a.^Mr. Gladstone delivers a third aidress 
to the Greenwich electors at New Cross. 

— Calcutta telegrams convey the welcome 
that rain had at last begun to fall in 

riotu. parts of Bengal. The maximum at 

ungjxire was reported to be three inches. 

Died, aged S5, Admiral Thomas Wren 

;cT, who had enlercv! the navy when only 

years ol age, and been present at the 

tlJc of Ctipenliagcn in iSoi, in tlie Wal- 

cren expedition, and at FluM^hing. 

— Corrc*;pondcnce between the Duke of 
Argyll and Mr. Disraeli ret^arding an expression 

d by the latter, that the Libt-ral party had 

t! vised her Majesty to recall Lord Mayo from 

s post. * ' Pcrliaps, " wrote his g^ce, " you 

11 nUuw me to ask you upon what authority 

ill have gunc in expressing this 

|l form you that it is alto^cihff 

..,^u" Mr. Disraeli replied that 

was *' a communicatiun frum Lord 

ilf appealing to me to make some 

istrati'jn in the House of Commons, if 

kftible, to pffvent it, I cnnsultcd mv friends 

i, ■ ' ' lly 

ci \\\\* 

. ... -. ■_. . ■.,.- .,,,L ^on- 

tliat the *tcp in quc^Uun was oiilcm- 

by the Ministry'.** The iHikc closed the 

^ndcnce by repelling his renyark that no 

woi given to the Crown, nor woi it 

^pBtcnii>liit<^ ** by the GovcrnmcnL 



3. — The election returns up to this date show 
the Conservatives to have gained 29 seats and 
the Liberals 10. Mr. Gladstone was returned 
for Greenwich to-d,^ second on the p ill, Mr. 
Boofil, Conservative, being at the top with 
6, 193 votes against 5,968 given to the Premier. 
At Cambridge two new Conservative members, 
Smolltlt and Marten, replaced two Liberals. 
At Wigan the Conservatives al.^o gained two 
seats. Considerable disorder prevailed at Shef- 
field, Pclcrl>ufougli, Lincoln, and Dudley. Mr. 
Lowe, returned unopposCKl for London Univer- 
sity, a^^'aiu criticized Mr, Disraeli as a most 
tmcomfortable person to have as a go%'ern<jf 
of the country, having a harum-scarum, .slap- 
dash, inconsiderate, careless way of dealing 
with things, and as possessing a slatternly, 
inaccurate mind. 

— In the Italian Chamber of Deputies^ 
Signor Visa>nti-Venosla, in reply to a qucfstion, 
decHncil on the part of lire Ministry all respon- 
sibility for the publicalion of the dispatches 
]jrinled in General Delia Marmora's book. 
" 1 he Government disAjiprove and deplore the 
publication of these docmutmLs, especially as it 
iLimiihed a pretext for making agamst a friendly 
F*ower accusations which can only be based on 
a misunderstanding, inasmuch as tliey fall to 
the ground wlicn tested by the evidence of 
results,'* 

— The election returns of Alsace-Lorraine 
show large majorities in favour of UUramofilanc 
and French candidates. 

— Archbishop Ledochowski arrested and 
conveyed under police escort to I'lajikfarl-on- 
thc-Odcr, 

4^- — Addrati-sing the electors at Newport 
Pagncll, Mr. Disraeli said Mr. Gladstone ought 
not to ha%'e involved us in entangling engage- 
ments as he admitted had been done. ** If 
you employ a person in your business as a 
traveller, or if any of the farmers in this room 
sent a person to act for him in some distant 
market to buy stock, we will say in Scotland, 
and he came back and told you. * I bought 
the stock, but I have bought it with e<|uivocai 
and entangHng engagements,' what would you 
say ? ' This will never do ; ' and when you 
began to rate your agent for getting you into 
equivocal and entangling engagements, would 
it be any answer if he said, *Oh, I am sorry 
for this, and it will be a lesscm to me in the 
future ; but I assure you 1 have been most 
economical in my pergonal expenses, I have 
always travelled by a second-class train, and as 
for any rci'rcshments on the ro."id, I have taken 
the tcm]>erancc pledge.* Now, gentlemen, 
that is the economy of which >rr, Gladstone 
is so proud." Mr, Lowe w.is described as ati 
ungrateful man, who would not likely have 
been in ParliameDt but for Mr. lilsrjeli. 
**\Verc it not for me the London University 
would not have had a nieml>cr. Evtrybodf 
was opposed Vo vu ^^ iic^Va^u^* ^A ^v^ 
much Uke k ; Ot\t OMutxH^x^t^ V**^n ^^^ 



FEBRUARY 



1874. 



FEBRUARY 



much like it ; but, more strange than anything 
else, the whole Liberal party were ready to 
oppose it. But I, with characteristic magna- 
nimity said to myself, ' Unless I give a member 
to the Ix)ndon University Mr. Ix)we cannot 
iiave a seat' It was then impossible for him, 
and probably still is, to show himself upon any 
hustings with safety to his life. 1 said to 
myself, • There is so much ability lost to 
England,* and I pique myself always on up- 
holding and supporting ability in every party 
and wherever I meet it ; and I also said to 
myself, *One must have an eye to the main 
chance. If I keep Mr. Lowe in public life— 
tnd this is his only chance — I make sure that 
ho Cabinet, even if it be brought into power by 
•n overwhelming majority, can long endure 
and long flourish if he be a member of it ; and, 
gentlemen, I think what took place perfectly 
justified my prescience," 

6. — News published of the submission of 
King Koflfee, and his consent to pay a ransom 
oT 200,000/. 

— Died, aged 83, Captain Tweedie, formerly 
of the Royal Artillery, and one of the few sur- 
vivors of the Peninsular campaign. 

— The first session of the newly-elected 
German Reichstag opened by Commission, 
Prince Bismarck reading the Imperial Speech. 
"The foreign relations of the empire," it was 
said, "strengthen our conviction that all foreign 
Governments, like our own, are resolved to 
use (heir endeavours to preserve the benefits of 
peace, and will not be diverted from this object 
or allow their mutual confidence to be affected 
by any party efforts to disturb peace. The 
repeated interviews of powerful, peace-loving, 
and personally intimate monarchs, and the 
cordial relations of Germany with peoples 
whose friendship with her is based upon his- 
torical tradition, render the Emjseror firmly 
confident of the continuaitce of peace being 
assured." 

— The vacant Jansenist archiepiscopal see 
of Utrecht fiJlcd by the election of Monsignor 
Cornelius Diependaal. This appointment was 
afterwards declined. 

— The army under Sir Garnet Wolselcy 
enters Coomassie after five days* hard fighting. 
The killed and wounded among his men were 
stated to be under 300. In the naval brigade 
seven officers were wounded, two men killed, 
and 36 wounded. In a general order issued to 
the soldiers, seamen, and marines of the ex- 
peditionary force, Sir Garnet thanked them 
m her Majesty's name for their gallantry and 
good conduct throughout all the operations. 
•* In the first phase of this war the Ashantee 
army was driven back from the Fantee country 
into its own territoiy. Since then you have 
penetrated far through a dense forest, defended 
at many points with the greatest obstinacy. 
You have repeatedly defeated a very ntmierous 
and most coarageous enemy, fighing on his own 

groand^ in well selected pomiioD^ 
IM40 



and the discipline common to her Majesty's 
land and sea forces have enabled you thus to 
overcome all difficulties and to seize upon the 
enemy's capital, which now lies at our mercy. 
All the people, both European and native, 
unjustly held captive by the King of Ashantee, 
are now at liberty, and you have proved to this 
cruel and barbarous people that England is 
able to punish her enemies, no matter what 
their strength in numbers or position." 

7. — ^The result of the elections up to this 
date put all doubt about a Conservative success 
beyond question. The administration of Mr. 
Gladstone, wrote the Daily Ne^vs^ was prac- 
tically at an end, while the Tdegraph observed 
that no one was needed to instruct the Prime 
Minister as to the course which his duty and 
dignity prescribed. The Conservatives had 
now gained 42 seats, and the Liberals only 
27. In the city of London 3 Conservatives 
were returned in room of 3 Liberals, and Mr. 
Goschen only got in as ** minority member." 
In the Tower Hamlets Mr. AjTton was thrown 
out, and a Conservative headed the poll. They 
also gained i seat at Chelsea and Westminster, 
and 2 at Brighton and Nottingham. At Kil- 
marnock Mr. Bouverie was thrown out hy a 
more advanced Liberal, and Renfrewshire was 
restored to that party by the unexpected victory 
of Colonel Mure ovej- Colonel Cam])hell, who 
thus was never affonled an opportunity o 
taking his seat in the House. 

— " Ten Days* Mission " services commence 
in London, the first preacher being the Bishop 
of the I )ioccse. 

— Died, aged 96 John Christian Schetky, 
marine painter, a fellow pupil at Edinburgh 
High School with Scott, Brougham, and 
Homer. 

— Sir Ganict Wolselcy forwards a dispatch to 
the Colonial Office announcing that the main ob- 
ject of the expedition had l)een perfectly securc<i, 
and that the troops, now on their homeward 
march, would embark immediately at Cape 
Coast Castle for England. " The whole 
scheme," wrote Sir Garnet, "of Ashantee 
politics is so based upon treachery that the 
King does not either understand any other 
form of negotiation, or believe it possible that 
others can have honest intentions. Under 
these circumstances, my Lord, it became clear 
that a treaty wouUl be as valueless to us as it 
was difficult to obtain. Nothing remained but 
to leave such a mark of our power to punish 
as should deter from future aggression a nation 
whom treaties do not bind. I had done all I 
could to avoid the necessity, but it was forced 
upon me. I gave orders for the destruction of 
the palace and the burning of the city. I had 
at one time also contemplated the destruction 
of the Bantoma, where the sacred ashes of 
former kings are entombed, but this would 
have involved a delay of some hours. Very 
heavy rain had fsSXtSn, I feared the streams 
might have risen in my xtaj sufficiently lo 



I^BBI^UAItr 



1874. 



FEBI^UAR] 




serioQsif delay my march. I considered it 
better, therefore, not to risk further the henllh 
of the troops, the wet weather hftvtiig already 
threatened seriously to afTect it* The dcmoli- 
lion of the place was complete. From aU that 
I can gather I believe that the result will be 
tach a diminution in the prestige and id Hilary 
power of the A&hantee monarch as may result 
in the break up of the kingdom altogether'* 

•. — Dicdf aged 67, Herman Mcrivalc, C,B,, 

Under-Secretary of Slate for India. 

©.—Came on for trial in the Court of Quccn*$ 
ich, the case of Poles xl Goodlake^ an action 
libel against the publisher of the Timfs, in 
luch newspaper the plaintitT^ a Pole by birth, 
] been accused of obtaining by false reorc- 
ttations certain papers from the bouse of M. 
Thiers when in the hands of the Commune, 
and endeavouring thereafter to extort mone^ by 
threatening to publish the same. Plaintiflf ad- 
mi tte<l in examination that he had along with 
Mr. Dallas obtained access to the bouse of M. 
ThiCIlt iJld saved certain writings and bronzes 
WfmfM\y desired by the family, but the whole 
had been fatthftilly given up to their owners. 
On the loth a verdict was returned for the 
plaintiff with 50/. damages, 

— Died, aged 66, Dn David Frederick 
Strauss, chief of the German Rational School, 
and luthor of *' Leben Jesu." 

— Died, aged 76^ M. Michelct, Frandi 
hailorian. 

10. — Election returns show the IJbcral ^ns 
at 27, and the Conservatives 78. In South h-a/cm 
3 seats were won by the latter, in West Glot»- 
cestershirc t, and in Edinburgh«>hire r. 

— Addressing his constituents at Bucking- 
ham^ Mr. Disraeli expressed sympathy with ihe 
diflicuttics experienced by Government in miti- 
gating the distress in India. ** There was 
nothing," he said, "in politics so difficult as 
for a Government to undertake to feed a people 
Fhfloaophers, indeed, who decide upon all sub* 
jects upon abstract principles, have laid it down 
that, under no circumstances, should such an 
office be undertaken by a Government. It is 
uid that the moment a Government enters the 
market as a purchaser, with a view of feeding 
a nation, all private dealers disappear, because 
It is impossible for private dealers to compete 
with a purchaser who does not seek a profit. 
It b said, on the other hand, that if all private 
dealen retire, the Government has a monopolv, 
•ad, being the only purchaser, must aeccssariJy 
obCtin very great means ; but we must re- 
Btfllber thts, that the moment a Government 
mdcrtiltes to feed a people, although the 
Gofeminent may have no competitor in the 
matlcet, the Government is obliged to give any 
price for food thit is demanded. The Govern- 
nMQt has DO option the moment it publicly 
BBdert&kes th%t duty. Commerce U by no 

an affair of gross purchase. It is an 

also of traditionary skill and of esta- 

connection, and the Government thai 



undertakes to feed a people by goiag into the 
market merely to purclmse will often find that 
Ks resources are extremely limited, I hat with 
boundless capital it can only obtain, compaia* 
tively speaking, scanty supplies and that in 
the distribution of them it will encounter diffi- 
culties urtknown to the private trader." In 
concluding his address, Mr. Disraeli asked the 
electors of Bucks to repose their confidence in 
him for the tenth time. The county of Bucks 
had always been a political county, and he 
hoped would maiatam its reputation in that 
resptecL Since the accession of the House of 
Hanover there had been thirty Prime Ministers 
in England, and five of them had been supplied 
by the county of Buckingham. Surely then, 
he said, there must be something in the air of 
Buckitig4Tamshire that was favourable to the 
growth of Prime Ministers. 

Itt. — Despatch receiver] at the Foreign Office 
making mention of the rumours at Zanzibar of 
the death of Dr* Livingstone in the interior, 
and the removal of his body ui the direction of 
the coast 

— Died, aged 66, Sir Francis Pettit Smilh, 
Xo wbom was generally conceded the merit of 
first applying the screw for the propulsion of 
vessels. 

— The Sioux Indians again rising against 
the United States troops, General Sherman 
instructs the officer in cammand : — "You will 
be justified in oollecting the most eflfective force 

Sossihle, even if you draw cavalry from Fort 
liley by rail to Cheyenne, to march to the Red 
Cloud Agency, striking c\«ry party of Indians 
that opposes. E^^cry Indian who has marauded 
sottlh of the North Platte should he demanded 
and held as accomplices in the murder of Lieu- 
tcntant Robinsoq. Their ponies must be very 
poor now. and the game must be scarce, so 
the occasion to give the Sioux a lesson long 
merited seems to me favourable. My own 
opinion is that the Siotix should never again 
have an agency away from ihe Missouri river." 

13. — The Emperor of Austria arrives at St. 
Petersburg on a visit to the Czar. 

— ► Treaty of Fommarah entered into with 
the King of A^^hantcc, providing for the pay- 
ment of an indemnity, the renunciation of supe- 
riority over certain districts, and the keeping 
up ot a road from Coomassie to the coast for 
purposes of trade. 

— The Pantechnicon, in Motcomb Street, 
Bdgravc Square, a laqjc building occupying 
about two acres of ground, and used as a re- 
pository for furniture and all kinds of goods, 
destroyed by fire, together with its valuable 
contents. The fire broke out about 4.30 p.m., 
and spread so rapidly tliat in a very short time 
all hope was lost of saving any large portion 
of the property. The pictures of Str Richard 
Walbce, M.P., deposited in the building, were 
supposed to be worth 150,000/. ; those of Mr. 
Winn Ellis, 200,000/, ; Sit Sc^itvomx YwvjfraX^i^ 
M.P., aoOfOOOl., XCViSV^ \>C«k;^ ^«<^i*iXi ^jRiMa^d 



FEBRUARY 



1874. 



l-EBRUARY 



by Sir Joshua Reynolds. Several well-known 
valuable paintings by Turner and other masters 
xvere among those destroyed. People flocked 
from all parts of London to the scene of the 
fire, and at one time it was thought as many as 
100,000 were present in the surrounding streets. 
Touching the origin of the fire, nothing was 
ever exactly ascertained. All that the pro- 
] irietors knew was that there was a strong smell 
of burning in the afternoon, traced to a ware- 
house on the second floor in the northern ex- 
tremity of the building, where some goods were 
f; mnd to be on fire close to the wall. The 
foreman and the workpeople, twenty or thirty 
in number, at once got out their manual engine 
and tried to extinguish the flames ; but they 
had difficulty in getting water, and were unable 
to make any visible eflicct. With the exception 
of the offices at the main entrance (uninjured), 
there was not a gaslight on the premises. The 
building was, as a rule, closed at dusk, and the 
only lights allowed afterwards were safety- 
lamps carried by the men, and lighte<l in a 
room set apart for that purpose alone. There 
was a water tank of great size on the roof, 
while there were smaller tanks on the various 
floors, and hose ready for use,- and a manual 
fire-engine all kept on the premises. 

14. — Mr. Bouverie writes to his old con- 
stituents that he had valued their confidence 
gre;Uly, ** and should have been proud to retain 
it, but I should never have been willing to 
purchase it, at the cost of my self-respect, by 
silence at priestly oppression, by subservience 
to an unscrupulous local faction, or by stimu- 
lated approbation in Parliament of acts and 
methods of administration which, in spite of 
the prevalence of Liberal opinions, have alien- 
ated the country, have disorganized the I^iberal 
'.•arty, and have at last destroyed a once power- 
ful Government." 

15. — The Dutch troops make another suc- 
cessful attack on the Atchinese, and secure, it 
was thought, the submission of the district west 
of the Atchin river. 

— In the course of a discussion in the 
(jerman Parliament on the new Military Bill, 
Field-Marshal von Moltke pointed out how 
necessary it was for every great State, and 
csi)ccially for Germany, to have a numerous 
and powerful army. "What we acquired in 
the space of six months we shall have to pro- 
tcct by force of arms for half a century. Fiance 
is imitating all the German army arrangements. 
How, then, can we give up what our opponents 
»re adopting? Germany is opposed to any 
kind of ofiensivc action; it is her duty to act 
on the defensive." Count von Moltke pro- 
ceeded to enumerate the measures taken by 
France for increasing her armament, notwith- 
standing the fact that the majority of the French 
people were convinced of the necessity of peace, 
lie concluded by saving : — ** We have become 
M powaial nation^ but we remain a peaceable 
jieople. Wc icquire Mn surmy, but not for pnr- 
114J 



poses of conquest." The bill was referred to a 
committee of twenty-eight members. 

16. — The result of the elections placing the 
Government in a hopeless minority, a Cabinet 
Council was called to-day, and a resolution 
concurred in to resign at once without waiting 
for tlie meeting of Parliament. 

— Sir Garnet Wolseley writes that King 
Koffce had sent a thousand ounces of gold to 
his camp as a first instalment of indemnity with 
a request for peace. 

— Dr. Beke rei)orts from the Gulf of 
Akaba that he has found the true Mount Sinai 
one day's journey north-east of Akaba. On 
the summit the traveller found the remains of 
sacrificed animals, and lower down some Sinaitic 
inscriptions, which he copied. 

17. — Mr.Gladstone waits upon her Majesty at 
Windsor Castle, and tenders the resignation of 
himself and colleagues, which her Majesty was 
graciously pleased to accept. Mr. Disraeli left 
town soon after eleven o'clock this moniing for 
Windsor Castle, in obedience to the Queen's 
commands received last evening. The right 
hon. gentleman arrived at Wimlsor at noon, 
and ai once proceede<i to the Castle. He was 
much cheered both on his arrival and de- 
parture. 

— The London "Mission" closed by a 
thanksgiving service in St Paul's. 

— More favourable news received of a rain- 
fall over various parts of the starving districts 
in Bengal. 

— Advices from Havannah announce that 
a battle lasting seven hours had been fought at 
Narango, in the central department, between 
General Bascones, at the head of 3,000 Spanish 
troops, and 5,000 insurgents under the com- 
mand of the Marquis Santalucia. The Cuban 
insurgents were defeated. The Spaniards lost 
50 killed and 180 wounded. 

— Information received by way of Calcutta 
that the Yarkund mission had been favourably 
received at Kashgar. 

18. — The elections being over, parties were 
found to be divided thus : — England and Wales, 
296 Conservatives, 193 Liberals ; Scotland, 19 
Conservatives, 41 Lilierals ; Ireland, 36 Con- 
servatives, 68 Liberals (including a double 
return from Athlone, and counting all Home 
Rulers as Liberals). Total Conservative majo- 
rity, 51. hi the general contest they had won 
98 seats against 38 by the Liberals. Election 
petitions were lodged in the case of 21 returns. 
Of the old members 215 failed to secure re- 
election. Among the Ministerial candidates 
recently rejected were Mr. Chichester Foitescue 
at Louth, and Lord Advocate Young at Wig- 
town, the latter by a mistake in reckoning up 
the votes. It was noticed that for tlve first time 
since 1829 no Roman Catholic was returned by 
any English or Scotch constituency. Assuming 
Louth and Galway as vacant, 49 of the lo; 



i^EBRUARY 



1874. 



FEBRUASCY 





Iriih fleKts were fiUec! by Caiholics, and 20 of 
tbcie cotcfcd ibe House for the first time, 

IS. — The Emperor of Gemmny ivrilcs to 
EatI Rui$cI1 : — *' it is incumbent on mc to he 
the IcBfier of my people tn a struggle maintained 
tkroug^ ! past by GermaQ emperors of 

!>t a power the domination of 
coon try of tlie world been 
ipAtible with the freedom and welfare 
power which, if victoKous in our 
would imperil^ not in Germany alone, 
of the Rcformnlion* liberty of 
ftnd the authority of the law. I 
accept the battle thus imposed upon me in ful- 
icnt of my kingly duties and in firm reliance 
Gotl, to whose help we look for victory, 
it alRO in the spirit of r«?gard for the creed of 
leis and of evangelical forbearance which has 
n stamped by my forefathers on the laws 
' iidininistTation of my States* . . . , I was 
' 1 rejoice at the proof aflbrded me by 
ir letter, that the sympathies of the people 
of England would not fail me in this struggle — 
the people of England, to whom my people 
and my Royal House are bound by the remem* 
bMOoe of many a past and honourable struggle 
fnaintaine*! in common since the days of 
William cif Orange." 

— The Deputies from Alsace-Lorraine pro- 
test be/ore the German ParlLament against the 
aancxaliou of that territory to Geimany without 
COnsuUing the inhabitants, 

19, — At ■» H'>m*. Hule meeting in Dublini 

Mr. Butt :\ I. It $9 m«? mixers ulcdjjcd 

to that prill 'ccn tctumc<l for Ireland, 
•od 24 t>y Ln^l.\»d. 

— Mr, Voung, late LonJ Advocate, an- 
MMTOced to have accepted a Scotch judgeship 
In sQoeetsion to I^rd Cowan » reured. 

ilC^Mr. Disraeli submits hiii Cabinet to her 

Mnv-^tv, ?»howing himself as First Lord of the 

T Ms colleagues (confine*! to t«rclve 

>) being — Lord Chnnctllor, Lord 

I ,1 pT. -rjf-nt of the Council* T>ukc 

< I rivy Seat, LoH Malmes- 

^ . lord Derby; India, 

I >, Lord Carnarvon ; 

riome, Mr. R. A. 

3 Hunti Chancellor 

' hcotc ; Postm^istcr- 

f ., .kcrs. The following 

rds receiveii the royal 

■ .eneral. Sir John Kars* 

1. FirKichnrifBaggalloy; 

Council, Lorrl Sandon ; 

' IhiVc of A1>crcom ; 

1, Sir Mirhael H. 

, i Mr, E. S. Cordon ; 

C fiinccllor ot tJi : Ls^ncaslcr, Colonel 

Taylor ; Firnt < ♦ r of Works, Lord 

Lennox ; Tit .uknt of Poird of Trade, 
harlet Ailderlev : PrcMdenl of Local 
prr ^' > *• ^ ' . «> -t ^-rrc- 

S. 
Lral, 




Mr Cave; Under Secretary for Foreign Affain^ 
Hon. Robert Bourke ; Under Home Secretary, 
Sir H, Stlwin-Ibbctson ; Under-Secretary, 
India Office, Lord George Hamilton ; Under- 
Secretary, Colonial Office, Mr. James Lowthcr; 
Secretary of Admiralty, Hon* Algernon Egef- 
ton ; Civil Lord of the Admiralty, Sir Mnssey 
Lopes ; Secretaries to the Treas^ury, Mr W. 
H. Smith and Mr. Hart Dyke. The Royal 
Household : — MisitTC** of the Robes, iKicheitf 
of Wellington ; Lord Chamberlain* Marquis o^ 
Bath ; Master of the Horse, Earl of Uradford, 

— The French Minister of the Interior 
issues a circular designed to counteract trie 
proceedings of Imperial pirtizans engaged in 
mviting friends to proceed to England to render 
homage to the Pnncc Imperial on coming of 
age. - * Henceforth you will not permit any 
canvassing in public places to obtain adhesions 
to the proposed journey to KiigJandi or any 

fiassionate discussions which might result there- 
rom, and, perhaps, cause regrettable disorder. 
Our duty is to avert anything that might dis- 
turb the tranauillity so necessary to all inicrtstr*, 
and, above all, those of the working classes in 
the present commercial and industrial crisis pre- 
vailing in the country." 

flO. — ^The Prussian House of Lords pass the 
Civil Marriage Bill by a majority of S9 to 51* 

— Blockade oi] the northern coast of Spain 
suspended till 5th March, 

— Died, aged &2. Sir Sydney Cotton, G.C.B 
Governor of Chelsea Hospital, a survrvof 6f 
the MohratU war of 1817. 

— Collision early this morning near Wlgan 
between the Scotch limited mail and a broken- 
down coal train, causing the death of the 
engine-driver and fireman, and a severe shaking 
to many passengers, 

fil.^ — Legal proceedings instituted by the 
Prussbn Government against the Moravian 
Bishop of 01mut2 for transgressing the new 
ecclesia'itical Laws in the Silcsian parishes 
belonging to his diocese, 

^ At a meeting of the London and Norili 
Western Railway Company, the Chairman 
states that the directors had adopted the 
block system up to June 1872, on 266 miles 
of their main line, and up to December iS;'^* 
they had extended the block system to 
732 miles of their main line, to 78 miles of 
junction lines, and 135 miles of bmnch linet ; 
and they could now boast of having altogether 
t,2oo miles of their railways worked on th^ 
block system. The company ran last year 
600,000 passenger trains, and there were thirtv 
five accidents. This year they were running 
700,000 passenger trains. Out of the thirty- 
five accidents, twenty-eight had l>een attributed 
to the negligence or mistakes of servants. The 
Chairman contended that on the whole people 
were safer travelling on the London and North* 
Western Railway system than they were travel* 
ling in Ihcir own carna^t^ lVvtc*a^^\«. vv\<t<^& 
waTW\t^ff \>\To>i^1^e iSt^wX'^ t« ^*a?|\Tv^i». " 




'EBRUAKY 



1874. 



F£BnUAR: 



¥ 



own houses. At the Great Northern meeting 
the tame day. intimation was made thjit the 
dtaims for personal injury, damages ^nd loss 
ofgocxls during the year ftmaunled to 24,905/. 

— Severe fight iiig l^ctween the Carlists and 
Kepublicans on the heights of Sommorostro. 

afl. — lotelligence received of Sir Gamet 
Wolseley's entry into Cuomassie, aiid the sign- 
ing of a tieaiy of peace with the Ashantce^ 
The European prisoner*, it was also said, had 
been released and sent off to Cape Coast. 

US. — -Intimation given by circular that Par- 
liament will meet for ihe election of Speaker 
and the swearing in of members on tne 5lh 
March. 

— Died, aged 60, Shirley Brooks, editor 
of Pun^rA since 1S70, a popular novelist, and 
writer of many pleasing vetoes. 

1^4.*-Thc new Ministers officially gasetted^ 
It was aho announced that the ^farquis of 
Westminster had been created Duke of Wc«t- 
tninsier. Otiier elevations at this lime were 
Mr Chichester Fortescue to be Lord Carliiig- 
ford, Mr. Cardwell to be Lord Cardwel) of 
Etlerbcckj and Sir John Pakington to be Lord 
Hampton* 

— By a majority of 9 to 4, the Finst EHvision 
of the Court of Session affirm Lord Gifford's 
judgment in the Murthly succession case, find- 
ing that a marriage had l)een contracted be- 
tween the prisoner, Miss Robertson, and the 
late Major Stewart 

— Died, aged 76* Rev* Thomas Binncy, « 
popular Nonconformist divine, called to the 
congregation meeting in the King's Weigh- 
house, near the Monument, in 1829. 

85. — The Mansion House Indian Famine 
Relief Fund stated to have reached 25,000/. 
Most of the other large towns in the kingdom 
also commence to forward money for the relief 
of the starving natives, 

— Died, Major Charles Adams, Professor of 
Military History at the Staff College, Sand- 
hurst. 

— Decided in the Sheriff Court of Lanark- 
shire the case of Hopps v. Long, involving the 
question as to the relations now existing be- 
tween alleged blasphemy and statute law. 
The defender, a Unitarian clergyman, had put 
forth a "Life of Jesus for Young Disciples," 
which he republished in its entirety with 

jiotes and comments at lialf the cost of the 

riginal. The defender alleged that the 

lursuer could not claim the protection of the 

w for the book, as it was blasphemous and 

eretical, denying, tacitly or expressly, the 

divinity of Christ. To this the pucsucr replied 

t, apart from the fact that it was written by 

fiitarian, and set forth t' «t :,,,..„ ,..,,. 

Saviour's life, a m 

did not txi>t. Mr 

1 the I I 

fitted, y 
H44 



the costs. He held that the doctrine of Jm 
Christ being the second person of the Trinii 
was statute law, yet the public weie entitle 
to criticise and controvert any part of th 
statute law, provided they did it in such a wa 
as not to endanger the public peace, safety, tj 
morality. 

ft6.— Dr. Beke writes to the Times that th 
mountain which he identified with the Sinai c 
the Pentateuch was Mount Baj^hir, one of th 
principal masses oi the chain of mountain 
bounding the valley of the Arabah on the Kaslj 
which are marked on our maps as the Moun 
tains of Shera, but of which the correct dcsig 
nation is the Mountains of Shafeh ; those 
Shera being a chain extending from that 
Shafeh in a direction from north-west to sout] 
cast, •• My astonishment and gratification ma] 
be better imagined than described when I le 
that this Mount liarghir is the same as a mya 
terious Jcbcl-c''Nur, or * Mountain of Light,' 
of which [ had heard vaguely in Egypt as beinj 
that whereon the Almighty spoke wtlh Mose" 
and which, from its position and other circun 
stances, is without doubt the Sinai of Scri];> 
ture ; although, from its manifest physic 
character, it appears that my favourite hypo-' 
thesis of Moimt Sinai l>eing a volcano muit lie 
abandoned as untenable/* 

ft7. — Lord Caima sworn in as the new ] 
Chancellor. 

— Professor Huxley delivers his uddress 
Lord Rector of Aberdeen University, selectinj 
for his subject '* University Education/' 
earnestly advocating the introduction of physic 
science in the University curriculum, 

— The Court of Appeal at Paris give judg* 
ment in the case of Naundorff against the Comte 
dc Chambord, the claimant in this case seeking 
to have it declared that her son was entitled to 
all the position and rights which belonged ti 
his father and her husband the Dauphin, son 
Louis XVI., generally believed to have died ii 
the Temple, June 8th 1795, but now alleged to 
have escaperl by a twofold substitution. Satit* 
fied with the proof of death produced, the Coui 
confirmed the judgment appealed against^ an 
fined the Naundorff heir accordingly. 

ae.— End of the Tichbome trial, the Lord 

Chief Justice concluding his charge to the jury 

on this the i88ih day of investigation. Th^ 

law, said his lordship, required the unanimous 

verdict of twelve men before a verdict of guilty 

or not gmlty is pronounced, and if a single 

juryman is satisfied, after having given everj 

attention to the OLse that he cannot find thi 

verdict of the rest, he does right to stand 

by his conviction. " Then we must recollect 

that it is his duty to give the case every 

possible consideration, and he ma^ 

...:.i. - *»;_ - -r%uroption that one individual u 

' be wrong than the eleven fiow 

I s, and think of his own judgmeol 

I nd di ffidcnce. * * The ju ry r^tire<J 

X .<:k« and after less than half 



fARCii 



1874. 



AfARCIlX 




c. fclurned with a verdict cf gyilty. 

"■'■'"' --linst the defendant 

1 ly swear that he 

14 Roger * IK' ; 2. Ttidt be did 

J^ly 5Wear ibal he had in July or August 

I51, sc<Juce<l Catherine Mary Eli/uiWth 

oughty, only daughter of Sir Edward iJoughty, 

«:eased ; 3. That he did falsely swear, iJial 

was not Arthur Orton, the son of George 

tlun, of Wapjiiiigt deceastd. The jury found 

%m guilty on all these tJuct: allegatiuns. As 

special fiudtng, the jury further desired to 

} express their opinion that the charges of 

"ibcry, conspiracy, and undue intluence brought 

^,iit]^l the J rt»scculit>n in this case arc entirely 

1 of fuiuiibtion, and tlicy regret exceed- 

kfhe viiilcnt Junguage autl demeanour of 

ding counsel fur ihe dcfeiitluit in his 

I upon the c>>nduct of ihc prosecution and 

vcral of the witnesses produced in the 

The Lord (.hicf Justice thereupon sen- 

rnced the ClflJinant to fourteen yeais' pcunl 

'tiu4l.v ithj i,.-iHinj?T the charge of perjury 

, authoiiscd his rcmovd 

L vv gate. 

Mareli 1. — Bombardment of Bilbao by the 
^aili^ts, OS many as 200 sliells daily being now 

irted 9A thrown into the town, 
fi. — The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh 
xivc an enihusiaMic reception at Berlin on 
ictr homeward journey from St. iVlertburg to 
London. 

— Boiler explosion at Alderman Thomson's 
ills, Blackburn, causing the dcaih of twelve 

rkpcople, and serious injury to about twenty, 

— I ^G, Dr. Neil Arnotl. KR.S., 
ysi tltnary to the <^>uecn, and in- 
itor lu uic uatiul stove and ventilator bearing 
name, 

i.,.i ,..,,,1 vr; j^cv. f. W; Bellamy, 
, Hjthe» formerly Head 
I lylors* ^chooL 

9. — A proposAl t>eing made in the German 
iiament to repeal the cbufC of the Atsiicc^ 
iiTvine Administrative l^aw, giving the 
jvrn!*^r |*nwei to institute a stale of siege, 
«iid :—'*\Vc never expected 
would greet our institutions 
,>, ]« have to Jtccustom thcm- 
10 I' ruiions^ and when you 

my for 200 year^, the 
mlts of your cumparisons will !)e in Ger- 
'i f»voiur Fri«m ihe ap^uainlance I have 
It-men here, I believe I should 
r my responsibility if I were 
pjwcr of the Governor of 
iperial l^rovince. In France there are 
^-^ght Departments in a state of siege, 
ictnber h<»w we came to annex Alsace* 
inc. What we required was a bulwark 
id * 1 ' The Al-satians are ccr- 

t»ot blame for what has 

:t 1- , , -..i^lpfttcd in the rotlc^s- 
\pi to tiic war tliat bfokc out 



•. — ^Thc Duke of Abercom sworn 10 as Lofd* 
Lieutenant of Ireland at Dublin Castle. 

— Ex -Lord Advocate Young takes his seat 
in the Scotch Outer Huuse, and formally hears 
two cases as Lord Probationer, 

— Official announcement of the new peer- 
ages, Mr. Card well as Viscount C^dwell of 
Ellerlieck ; Mr. Chichester Fortescue as Baron 
Carlingford of Carlingford 1 Sir T. Freemantle 
as Baron Cottesloe of Swanboum j and Mr. E. 
Hammond as Baron Hammond of Kirkclla, 
Viscount Sydney was al^o ndvanced to the dig- 
nity of an Earl in recogniiian of his services as 
Lord ChamberLiin of Her Majesty's House- 
hold. 

— Died at Brighton, aged 64, Dr. Forbes 
Winslow, among iJie first authorities on brain 
disease, and for many years editor of the 
** Quarterly Journal of Psychological Medicine 
and Mental Pathology." 

— The Dutch troops reported to have been 
so successful at Atchin as 10 lead most ol the 
Sultan's allies to withdraw their aid» 

A. — The ** reception" of M. Ollivjcr srid 
lo lie indefinitely postponed by the Frcn^:^. 
Academy on the ground of the eulogistic iri* 
bute he intended offcHng to the memory of the 
late Emperor. '*Had Lanaartine," he wrote, 
^' known him txitteri had he had experience 
of his great heart, of the charm and justness 
of his mind, of the gentleness of his cha- 
racter ; if he bad become the confidant of his 
thoughts solely directed to the public good and 
to the relief of those who suffer ; if he hnd 
been witness to the loyalty with which he put 
in practice the freest institutions our country 
had yet known ; if he had beheld him modest 
in prosperity and august after misfortune, he 
would have done more than render him justtcei 
he would have loved him.** 

— The steamer /^<?^Awtf, 4,500 tons bnrthen, 
the largest of the Cunard fleet, launched from 
the yard of Messrs, Thomson, at Dalmulr, on 
the Clyde. 

— Under the signature " E.P.B.,** the late 
member for the Kilmarnock burghs contribute 
to the 7Yw<*i a "Chapter of Contemporary 
History,*' in which a parallel or contrast was 
drawn between the recent Liberal def&it and 
the result of several former general elections. 
The writer thought there had been '* no Liberal 
defeat like this smce 1 710, when Dr, Sachcvcrell 
was rashlv impeached, at the instance of sonte 
angry Whig Ministcis, and in spite of the 
pnadent counsels of 1-ord Somcrs, and when 
the Tory Ministry, who then replaced them, 
unexpectedly dissolved the Parliament, in order 
to catch the ball of populirity at its bound. 
That election resulted in a decisive Tory vi^ 
tory,'* Having referred to the elections of 
1784, it^i, and 1S65, he proceeded to accuse 
Mr. Gladstone of having *'ftt one blow (the 
dissolution) destroyed both his Administration 

> Rnd htt v«^tv^, BtwX vVt^ 4.\^ WOp^ "w'vjft^ cmx^ 

' \VN,S 



MARCH 



1874. MARCH 



existence." He next endeavoured to account 
for the failure of the Government i " I sjiy 
nothing of its minor delinquencies, of its faiU 
ures in adminiPtTHtion — these, though remark - 
able in men of conspicuous talent* do not ie!l 
very widely or deeply on general natioual 
opinion ; but I set down the failure to the 
wounds which it has inflicted on the great 
characteriatic attributes of the English people 
— their pride, their jealous reverence for esta- 
blifhed institutions, their sin^lar love of mode* 
imtion." On this last head '* E. P. B." wrote^ 
•*If in the dally conduct of ordinary public 
business a Prime Minister should fail to create 
confidence in Ma steady fjood sense and mode* 
ration by a consitant athi billon of those gifts, 
ihe occasion will surely be seized by Ihem, as 
\% has been just now^ to show that they no 
longer trust him, but that they wish for some 
other Minister, who can l>eiter appr^iatc their 
peculiar national instincts and represent their 
national character/* 

A. — Cmnon Gregory's motion to prohibit the 
London School Board from eret^tlng new schools 
nemr denominattoniil ones presently in existence 
rejected by 24 votes \^%U 

S. — The new Parliament opened by Com- 
mission, and Mr* Brand unftnimousty elected 
Speaker on the motion of Mr, Chaplin, seconded 
by Lrtrd George Cavendish. Mr. Glaiiiitone 
was also pre^ut, and spoke strongly in ffLVOur 
of the nominadon. Next day Mr* Brand pre- 
sented himself in the House of Lords for format 
acceptance by her Majesty, and in name of the 
Commons laid claim to the exercise of their 
undoubted rights and pri viJe^s, " I humbly, " 
he said, **pttition her Majesty that she will 
be graciously pleased to allow us freetlom of 
ipeech in debate, freedom from arrest for our 
persons and servants, and, above all, freedom 
of access t« her Majesty's royal persot^ ivhen* 
ever occasion may rei:iuite j and that the best 
construction may be put upon all our pro* 
cecdings* For myself* my lords, I desire 
that the most favourable construction may 
be put upon my acts, and that whatever 
1 may do in error may be attributed 10 my- 
self alone, and not to her Majesty's faithml 
Commons/* The Lord Chancel bf rejoined : 
"Mr. Speaker, we have it further in command 
to inform you that her Majesty doth most readily 
confirm all the rights and privileges which have 
ever been granted to her Majesty^a Commons 
by any of her Royal predecessors. With re- 
spect to yourself, sir, though her Majesty is 
aensible that you stand in no need of such 
assurance, her Majesty will ever put the most 
favourable const nict ion on your words and 
actions," The Speaker retlrevl, and the Lord 
Chancellor then look his seat on the woolsack. 
New members were thereaAer sworn in^ and 
writs authoriicd to be issnetl for vacancies 
occasioned by acceptance of office, 

— The Claimant's witneai Luie or Lund- 
^ren ^gain examined at Bow Strcett and com^ 
ii46 



mitted on a charge of perjury extending ovci 
his entire evidence in the Tichbome case. 

O, —The two Houses of Convocation of Can - 
terbury attend Divine service in St. Paul's, an«J 
aftennanls hoTd a brief sederunt for the trans- 
action of business. In the Lower House, Arch- 
deacon Hickei^teth, re-elected Prolocutor foi 
the fourth time, reviewed the work of Convo- 
cation during the last five years, and expresscvl 
satisfactioo that the Knglish Church condemned 
both the way in which the so-called CEcumenical 
Council was called ttigeiher and the conclusions 
at which ll arrived* The Athanasian Creed, 
by means of the Sy nodical Declaration, he 
regatded as set at rest for at least a generation, 
and he then passed on to speak of the great 
work set on foot at the last Convocation — the 
revision of the English version of the Holy 
Scriptures — and said that labour of deep anxiety 
and responsibility, unless the existence of this 
Convocation were cut prematurely short by 
some convulsion, would by it be presented to 
the critical judgment of Biblical students. 

— Stewart^s cotton mill, Musselburgh, de- 
stroyed by fire, with much valuable machinery. 

7- —News received of the burning of Coo- 
massle, and flight of King Koffee. 

— The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh 
arrive at Gravesend from Antwerp, and pro- 
ceetl to Windsor amid great manifestations of 
public enthusiasm. 

— In a letter to the Emperor Francis Joseph, 
the Pope protests against the Church in Austria 
being handed over to dishonourable servitude, 
and his Catholic subjects visited with deep 
afllictjon. His Holiness in another letter con- 
demned the new ecclesiastical laws as designed 
to bring the Chureh into most ruinous sub- 
jection to the arbitrary power of the State. 
He admitled that the Austrian laws appeared 
moderate as compared with those enacted by 
Prussia, but they w^re of the same spirit and 
character, and jnivt-d the way for the destruc- 
tion of the Church in Austria as well as in 
Prussia* The Pope renewed his protest against 
the rupture of the Concordat, and described the 
assertion that a change was brought about in 
the Church by the promulgation of the dogma 
of InfallibiHty as a pernicious pretext. 

** — The French National Assembly, by a 
majority of 41 votes, agree to impose a tax of 
five per cent* on all goods conveyed by luggage 
trains.— M* Lcdru-Kollin took his seat in the 
Assembly to-day, 

— HendeTsan*s jute-works, Dundee, de- 
stroyed by fire, 

10. — The German Federal Council gives its 
sandiou to the Ecclesiastical Bill proposed by 
Government providing for the punishment of 
refractory bishops. 

— MM« de Lcsseps and Baranowski submit 
to the Russian Government a definite scheme 
for the cxmstruclion of a Russian and Centra] 



tmilwAy. Thej proposed that the line 
go by Saratov and hSeS rather thin by 
Ovcnbur^ And Kath&rincnburg. 

to, — Thr Parllam'-i»t of Victoria dis5r>lvctl, 

ic Wini^iry appealing to the colony on the one 

of cudsiiiuiiuniii rcfurm. 'I'hcy desired, 

said, to brint; both Chamtiers of the 

iiurc m harmuii)', and proposed the Nor- 

jtUfi— Umt on the rcicction of bilU by 

riloiwe, both Hou&c« sfioiUd ssit toj^cihcr 

eonsldcr sucJi biiU. 

11,— Died at WosKington, aged 63, Charles 
iinnerp an eminent American poHiician. 
— *I1ic A'/iw*/ nnoounccs (mistakenly) the 
ttentied lebigiiatioa of tbe Archbishop of 
.nlerbury. 
- King Koffec's state umbrella, taken from 
Royal TaLice at Coomasiie, prcbcnted to 
Queea at Windsor by Lieutenant Wo<>i, 
\ nad been commiisioned by Sir Garuet 
oisdejr lo bring the trophy to this coimtry 
as ft humble tribute of the dutiful respect and 
^lioo borne to her Majesty by the military 
tAval forces engaged in the war. " 
IE.— To modify various disquieting rumours 
mVing the leadership of the Liberal party, 
GUditoQewriles to Ejirl Granville :—*' For 
neiv i>r Trains personal lo myself I could 
•t L any unlimited cattcusioa of 

Tvice ; ar^d I am anaiotit that 
tlcdxly underst'Xid by those friends 
:: I have acted in the direction of 
ijiat At my age I must rc»erve my entire 
»m to divc>t myself of all the reiponii- 
I of lead«?rthip at no distant time. The 
of rest will prevent me from giving more 
occasional attendance in the House of 
luriDg the present session. 1 ihould 
} , shortly before the commencement 

<ii VIM M^-»ti*tiof 1075, to consider whether there 
would he advantiige in my placing; rny services 
for a time at the disposal of the Libctal party, 
or whether I should then claim exemption from 
the^tufiir* T Iwve hitherto discharged. If, how- 
c ithoutd be reasonable ground for 

1 >At, instead of tbe course whidi I 

h^.: 3P.,.^hcd, it would be preferable in 
the view uf the party generally, for me lo 
ftastime at onuc the place of an independent 
Kiembert I should willingly adopt the latter 
mUefi»ativr='* Replying to an address from the 



I 



Di. 

re;'' ^" 

lo 'l' 'I*' 
tilC r 

tati r 

ik;atT 
fran 
wmy 

SiMet 



lail, Mr* tJl.id>tonc wrote: — 

.r tiain mykcif the iiuporUincc 

>k .« t^,,. \xic clectiun, cither 

Iv or ia other and 

tiul 1 neither can 

-.1 iii the people nor cease 

imilarly with reference lo 

Qt the future," 

i, flr<ninpAni**l by the Duke 

i" ' ' ' , ' ' '■ : . :._-i^ 

■ m 

-. by 

Kegcflt 

^ White- 



*U/ 



hall, through the Hone Guards, and alofk^ the 
Mall The decorations were abundant ami 
elaborate, and the enthuslaara of the countlcis 
th<!usand,< through which the royal corte^^c 
pa«>ed appaienily unchecked by the chilling 
frost ordufting snow showers. In tbe cvtniui; 
tiie City was briU'iantly illuminated 

la.— Came on before Vice* Chancellor Malliis 
Ihe cose of Or 1 layman, of Kugby, in the form 
of a notice of motion that tlie Governing Body 
of the school might be restrained by an order 
of court for removing or disraiising the plaintiff 
from his office, and from electing nny person in 
his place, or from taking any pn»cee-liri|; at law 
en otherwise for ejecting the plaintitT from his 
office and residence. That was demurred lo^ 
and it lay with the defendants to support their 
demurrer. The CA&e continued before the court 
till the 21 St. 

— tlie honour of re*election froro 

his 1 > hire constituents, Mr* Disraeli 

writes ij^-iii ly jwning Street, that in funning a 
new AdmiibttrattQii he had rccom mended to the 
Queen '*a body of gentlcmeu who will upliohl 
the institutions of the country and defend the 
rights of every class of her Majesty's subjecls. 
My acceptance of the office of First Lord of 
the Trcasuiy vacates my seat ; but as I cannot 
believe that the favour of our Sovereign can be 
any bar to the renewed cmificlcncc of a con- 
stituency which I have served more than a 
quarter of a century, I again solicit the high 
and honourable trust of being your member ill 
the House of Com mora. ** 

lA. — ^ James Brown, eating-house keeper. 
Shad well, known in the Tichliorne case as 
** Captain'' Brown, examined by Sir T, Henry 
on the charge of perjury. lie was after wardis 
committed for trial 

lS.~Sundav demonstration in Hyde Park 
in fjvour of the release of Fenian prisoners, 
and resolutions passed calHtig upon Mr. Dis' 
radi to use his influeoce with her Majesty for 
thai purpose. 

16,^Bonflpartist demonstration at Chisel* 
hurst on occasion of the Prmce Imperial com- 
pleting his eighteenth year, the age fixed by 
French law for his majority, and when he for* 
mally assumed the position of head and chief 
of his dynasty. The multitude which fl«>cked 
out of l.^ndon had its strength recruited from 
every department througlyout France, and its 
members were furnished by no one special 
closS of society, but from .^11 ranks and orders 
in the social scale, from the workvrg man tn 
his blouse to the senator and offictr of the 
Legion of Honuur. For days past they had 
been coming across the Channel, undeterred by 
the inconvenience of the passage, and train 
after train, as it arrived at Charing Cross^ ha«l 
been ' ' "^ 1 beyond Us powers l.y cruwdii 
of i rs. Of eighty-sevt-n Trcfects 

undcT .,. . -.(pire, sLa<y-fivc were dcs<:ribcd 
OS present at the fete, Ttve. ^tootcAJw\^ trjTO.* 
meiiccd with % servvoc m VW wna^X cXwvxOw «^ 



MARCH 



1874. 



MARCH 



St. Marie, followed by the presentation of an 
address to the Pnnce Imperial, who replied to 
the same, and a reception of deputations, who 
in some instances had travelled from the ex- 
treme parts of France to offer their gifts and 
congratulations. The Prince was interrupted 
by loud acclamations when he spoke of the 
President of the French Republic as the 
"former companion of the glories and mis- 
fortunes of my father." Still louder cheers 
interrupted hira when he claimed a pWbis:ite 
in order to settle the foundations of Govern- 
ment in France, and sp>oke of the plebiscite as 
at once the ** safety" and the "right" of 
France. The audience again broke out into 
shouts when he declared that if the name of 
Napoleon should issue for the eighth time from 
the voting urns, he was ready to accept the 
responsibuity imposed upon him by will of the 
nation. 

16. — Several Government elections to-day, 
in all cases without opposition. At Oxford a 
Conservative candidate was carried in room of 
Viscount Cardwell, Mr. Hall polling 2, $54 
rotes against 2,092 given to Mr. Lewis, 
Liberal 

— drlist victory near Olot, Saballs cap- 
turing General Nouvilas with his column of 
2,500 men, 104 guns, and 130 horses. 

17. — ^The ship Princess 7'orurwatty run down 
and sunk in Gravesend Reach by the steamer 
InduSy from Southampton. 

— Increasing distress reported from the 
famine-stricken districts of bengal. At Tu- 
koot the number of persons appljring at the 
relief works had risen from 20,000 to 100,000 
ill ten days. 

— Died at Cannes, whither he had retired 
for the benefit of his health, John Candlish, a 
leading Nonconformist, and M. P. for Sunder- 
land in the last Parliament. 

19. — The Corporation of the City of London 
present an address of congratulation to the 
Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh. Numerous 
other addresses were received at this time by 
the Queen ami their Royal Highnesses from 
Universities, Corporations, and other public 
bodies. 

— Marshal Macmahon thanks the Due de 
Broglie for a speech in the Assembly, in which 
he had so well described "the rights conferred 
and the duties imposed upon me by the con- 
fidence of the Assembly during the seven years." 
Following this letter the Official Journal re- 
printed the Marshal's speech to the Tribunal of 
Commerce.* — "The Assembly on the 19th of 
January entrusted power to me for seven years. 
My first duty is to look to the execution of this 
•ovtieign decision. Be not uneasy, therefore. 

1148 



During tlte seven years I shall be able to make 
the order of things legally established resprcted 
byalL- 

19. — Dr. Pusey writes to the Times in de- 
preciation of the legislative action which he 
supposes is intended by the bishops against 
Ritualists. He defined his own position as 
that of " no Ritualist, although bound to many 
Ritualists by affection and by their labour for 
souls," and begged the bishops to be slow in 
entering upon a line of action which, once 
entered upon, would be inevocable. "The 
Judicial Committee has included in its censures 
too many to be trodden out. As things are, 
they who would extirpate us would be obliged 
to leave their work undone. Endurance is 
stronger than infliction. There are too many, 
even for a summary process to sever from their 
flocks. Yet where there is one com mon offence, 
the jud^ who spares any condemns himself for 
not having spared all " 

— Parliament opened by Commission, the 
Lord Chancellor reading a Royal Message 
having reference to the marriage of the Duke 
of Edinburgh, the termination of the war in 
Africa, and the steps taken for relieving the 
intensity of the famine in Bengal Legislation 
was promised r^arding the transfer of land, a 
re-arrangement of the judicature in Scotland 
and Ireland, improvement of the Master and 
Servants Act of 187 1, (so far as the law of con- 
spiracy was concerned), and the Act of last year 
regulating the sale of intoxicating drinks. In 
the Lortls the Address was moved by Lord 
Lothian and seconded by Ix)rd Cadogan, and 
in the Commons by Sir W. Stirling-Maxwell 
and Mr. R. Callender. Replying to an obser- 
vation that the recent dissolution was an elabo- 
rate surprise — " a pit dug for the Conservatives 
into which the Liberals had fallen " — Mr. Glad- 
stone said the justification of the dissolution v^'as 
its result, showing a larger transfer of seats from 
one party to the other than had ever occurred 
since 1831. Though he could not but think the 
decision of the constituencies wrong, he ad- 
mitted that it was emphatic. The present 
Government had acceded to power by the act 
of the country, and it had every title, therefore, 
to be fairly tried, without any factious oppo- 
sition, and to liave the opportunity of placing 
its policy and its principles before the countr)-. 
— Mr. Disraeli replied, that although he thought 
Mr. Gladstone's reasons for not having called 
Parliament together before commencing the 
Ashantee expedition fallacious, he preferred 
not to enter into any captious controversy on a 
war which must be regarded as concluded, and 
in which the skill and eneigy of our conunander 
and the admirable qualities of our soldiers had 
been so signally displayed. Neither did he 
think it inaimbent on him to enter into Mr. 
Gladstone's defence of the dissolution. With 
its results Mr. Disraeli said he war quite 
satbfied. 



ftO, — To Biitigile the dtstiefi caused by 
the proviooe of Upper b«ngat, 
|} ^ of Sali&bur]^ ahqoiuiccs m the 

t_^i*#*«ef the necoftity for a BUI Ijeing 
^Buthonshig a loan of from three lo 
sterling, part to be exj^ended in 
STlfTtng ttcamcrs to convey food to the 
di^iirirts, and in creatmjT such new 
iiitcaUon aud works of irrjija* 
;i to prevent a rtcurrence of 
.„.,..,, ^... A loan bill of the nature 
ed was uitroduced into the Commons by 
Scorije Hamiltf»n, the new Under Sccre- 
r iD'iia. In the course of debates which 
ce prior lo the pa<«iog of the bill, 
i g^?e a hearty vuppctrt lo the pohcy 
by the Viceroy, Lord Northbrook, 
Uy in 90 far as he had refused to inter- 
rre witn the ordinary trade eJicportations of 
fmm the famine-stricken disiricts, a 
jon in which he was oppO!>ed by 
own Indian ofTiclaU as well as by 
the native and home press* 

'— Liord Roisuiore of the 1st Life Guards 
thrown fr«im bis horse at the Winder Steeple- 
diueSf receiving injuries from which he died on 
38th. The Queen, who witntssed the 
ttlcnt from her carriage in the Kind's Road, 
repeated inquiria to be roaue at the 
and on the following day at Her 
Stj^ ipeciai reqitest none of the military 




— A high tide in the Tliamei causes much 
damage and annoyance in the Wcstminslsr 
and I^unbeth diitricts, fears being at one time 
Cell for the safety of portions of the Houses 
of FarUamenl. At London Bridge the flood 
Rttched the almost unpiecedented heii^bt of 
fbof feet three and Ji half inches above Trinity 
Ugll water tnork. 

— The Ashantee troops begin to arrive at 
Porttmouthf the 6rst ship reaching home this 
morning being tlie 7amar^ with ihe 23rd 



4ay with GeneraJ Sir Garnet Wolselcy and 
StiiT, On ihc 24th the Sarmatian widi the 
42nd HighUnders arrived ; and in the courae 
uf the werk the Himalaya brought the second 
battAlion Rifle Brigade, a dct^iiment of the 
Royal Engineers and Royal Marine Light 
Inquiry, with a few invalids. On each occa- 
uoo the troops received a wann welcome, 
■iid on Ihc 22nd (Sunday) Sir Garnet had a 
lengthy interview with the f^uccn at Witulsor. 
Kint Koffee'ft umbrella taken at Coomassie and 
limg^ll to England by Lieut. Wood, lotli 
HuBUS, was graciously accepted by Her 
Afftjetty. 

ftl« — Vice- CtuuiccI lor Malins gives judg- 
ment in the action raised by Dr. Haynuin, 
laic Wf^A ^f [i=;trr, against the governing body 

ol R I He WAS extremely sorry, 

liie M : grievous haidship of Dr. 

H^ym^n • (;3«C| h«u wii Mlisfied thai a pro* 
U4*> 



jongaticni of the painful di^putet which would 
be the result of overruling the demurrer in 
court would be of no benefit lo him. Believ- 
ing that events had made Dr. H ay man's ret ci>- 
tion of the office impossible, he would allow 
the demurrer, but without co^its. Dr. Jcx* 
Illake, of Cheitenh^m College, succeeded Dr« 
Haymao as Head Maimer of Rugby. 

Sfl. — Died at Cannes, aged 69, Albert Way, 
F.S.A., founder of the Archaeological Insti- 
tute of Great Britain and Ireland. 

83.^ — The twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
accession of King Victor Emmanuel, celebmled 
with rejoicings throughout the kingdom of 
Italy* 

flS.--Sir C. Dilkc*s bill for extending polling 
hours at elections to S P«M*y rejected by a 
taajority of 75 votes. 

89. — Hurricane at Mauritius continuing 
over live days, and d^iroying much property 
in the harbour and town of I'ort Louis. 

— Died, aged 83, Sir W, H. Bodkin, late 
Aatislant Judge at the Middlesex Sessions. 

SO.— Votes of thanks passed in both Houses 
of Parliament to the officers and raen engaged 
in the Ashantee Expedition. The whole of the 
tfoops rettiraed, num!>cring about 1,600, were 
(dso reviewed by the Queen to-day in Windsor 
GT«at Park. To Sir Garnet Wolseley, Her 
Majesty presented the insignia of the Order 
of St. Michael and St George, and of a 
KX.B. Lord Giffbrd was then called to the 
front, and received the Victoria Cross for 
personal valour, Her Majesty fastening the 
nonoarable distinction with her own hand 
to the breast of the young Lieutenant A 
similar honour was conferred on Captain 
Sartorius and Sergeant McGaw of the 42nd 
Highlanders ; Captain Glover was made a 
Knight of St. Mtch.icl and St George. The 
cost of the war lo the British government was 
estimated at 90o,qoc»/, To Sir Garnet 
Wolselcy, who declined titular honours, a 
sum of 25,ocx>/, WAS voted in recognition of 
his services. 

81. — Mr. Walpole brings up the report ol 
the Select Committee on rrivilegcs ari.sing out 
of the committal of Mr. Wlxalley for contempt 
of Court in the Tich borne case^ 

— The I^rd Mayor entertains Sir Garnet 
WolseJey and officers of the Ashantee force to 
a state banquet at the Mansion Hou<>e. The 
Prince of Wales, Duke or* Cambridge, and 
other members of the Royal family also 
attended as guests. 

— The Caspian^ a Sunderland brig, wrecked 
oflf the island of Colonsay. and all on board— 
Captain Chambers, his wife, and crew of eighl 
men, with the exception of one of the latter- 
drowned^ Mtv Chambert after hanging for au 
hour 00 to « traffraii 



APRIL 



1874. 



APRIL 



SI. — Intelligence receive of Ihe escsipeof 
Kochefort ancT other Freocli pnsoiiefi from 

New Caledonia to Sjdney, 

April 3. — Mr. Rumbold, British mmbtcr in 
Cliilii demiLfids the rclea^ of Ca^ptain Jlyd^, 
And mQ indemnity of 25,000/. for wrotig<¥iis 
imprisotimoit on the ch:Lrge of wiirutlj caa^lng^ 
the de^th of Chilian subjects in the wreck of 
tlie ftteamer Taata oB" Valparaiso, Captain 
Hyde was afterwards permitted to leave the 
coutitry and an indemnity proioLMxl. 

0,— -Died,, aged 80, Commander R. T, 
Muirison, astrologer and editor, of "Zadkiel^s 
AlmanacL ** 

9, — Outbreak in rortland prison^ a gang of 
twelve convicts falling upon two warders and 
•evertly maltreating them. The fonmer were 
ullimately b^ten off by oflidak and driven to 
their cclk, 

8'^ — Ke-openisg of Worcester Caibedml 
after nnderi^olng r^oraticm al tbe hands of 
Sir Gilbert SootL The work, on whidi 
100,000/. wai said to have been expended, 

was carried on over a period of twenty year*. 

tt*— Jean Lttie, or Lundgren, pretended 
mate of the Osprfy, and the so-csUed 
*' Captain*^ Brown, sentenced at the Central 
CHminai Court, the former to seven . and the 
latter to five years^ penal servitude for perjury, 
in connection with tne Tichbome case. 

10*^T>ied, aged 72, Marquis of Clanricarde, 
K. P., Lord Lieutenant of l^alway. Postmaster^ 
General, 1846, and Lord I*rivy Seal for a short 
time in the first ministry of I/ird Palme r^i^n. 
(See p. 506.1 

1* — Explosion in the Astley-Deep Colliery, 
Dukirifteld, near M^mchesier. causing the death 
of ft fty-one men and boj^ out of 1 5 1 employed 
in the pit at the time, about 7.30 p.m. The 
part of the workini^ where the explosion took 
place was 700 yards lonji, and known as tbe 
engine brow. Here sixty men were impri- 
soned by the fallen roof, and though efforts 
were repeatedly made to br^k throiigh and 
reach them, only ten were rcscue<! alive, and 
of these one died afierwanls. The pit was 
known to be one of the deepest in England, 
but noted for its freedom from gas. 

— Inquest held at Payhembury, Iloniton, 
on the body of a young married woman named 
Miflftn, who had drowned herself in a pond 
n^r the Vicarage while labouring under the 
delusion that she had been ** overltM>ked " by 
a witchwomftn in the neighbourhood. Verdict, 
temporary insanity. 

15*— Died, aged 6^, Owen Jones, an 
eminent authority in decorative art, and authof 
of the " Grammar of Ornament " and other 
cognate treatises, 

— The Afahua^ bring* Ihe remains of Dr. 
Uvingstc«i« to Southampton where th^ are 



carried ashore amid many moantful tokens of 
respect. The body was afterwards conveyed by 
special train to London, accompanied by rela- 
tives and fnends, and pkced in the rooms of 
the Rojal Ger^graphical Sodely. The identifica- 
tion of the rcniaitis was pla<^ beyond doubt 
by Sir William Ferguson, who found the left 
arm still showing traces of a fracture caused by 
the bite of a lion over thirty years since. 



l«,^Rid eipelled from the 
Parliament as a fugitive from justice, 

— Message from the Queen asking 1 
grant of 25,000/. to Sir Gurnet Wolaeley read 
in both Houses^ Vote agreed to on the aoth. 

— Annual Budgtt inttodaced by the Chan- 
cellor of the Eiceheqiier. The total expendi- 
ture for 1S73-4 has reached 76,466,^00/., 
includiM^ the American Award and Ashanlee 
war. Last year's revenue was estimated at 
73i ^fi^iOOCt/. but thegro^ receipts had increased 
^O 7 7, 135 > 65 7/. ^'^ ^^^ same ba*^is the revenue 
for 1^74-5 was calculated at 77^995,000/. and 
the eitpenditure at 7a, 503,000/. With the sur- 
plus ot nearly 5I millions, the Chancellor of 
the Ejcchoquer proposed, not to aWlish the 
Income Tax ahog^^thcr as Mr. Gladstone bad 
suggested, but to reduce it by one penny, thus 
preserving the system with its collecting 
machinery for liiiture use. He also proposed 
to abolish the remaining sugar duties and th^ 
Mouse Tai. The Budget was well r^eived. 

ia,^The Duke of Abercom, the new Lord 
Lieutenant, makes a formal entry into Dublin. 

— Rei^os in Exeter Cathedral pronounced 
iJlcfjal by the Bishop, on the advice of Mr, 
Justice Keating, who acted as his assessor. 
The plea of the Dean and Chapter, that they 
were independent of the Bishop in these 
matterir was refuted by demonstration that 
the bishopric and cathedral had co -existed 
for two centuries before* he deanery. Regarding 
the reredos itself, it was decided that the fig\ire« 
it contained were imagers, although only in 
alto-reiievo, and the erection was therefore 
held to be illegal. 

— Fanerai of Dr. Livingstone in We*it- 
minster Abbey, the Queen among others 
sending a beatitlful wroatb of azaleas asj a 
tribute of respect and admiration for ibc 
great traveller and missionary of civilization. 
The cofhn Ixirc the simple inscription : — 
'* David Livingstone. Born at Blantyre, 
Lanarkshire, Scotland, March 1 9, 1813. Died 
at liah. Central Africa, May 4, 1873." Tbe 
route t*f procession from the ttoyal Geographit^ai 
Society's rooms was b^r way of Pidl MalU 
Charing Cro^ and Parhament Street to Broad 
Sanctuary, tbe crowds on each side reverently 
uncovering aa the remains were borne alon^. 
The following (Sand ay) afternoon IDean Stanley 
preached a funeral sermon in the Abbey to 



I yi 



• '^^c oomgrmtioa, among whom wen the 
|r«irdier's aged fiitber-io-lftw, Dr. Moffat, and 
Mr. H. M. Stanle^r* Special sermons were 
alsij preached io sevetal other of the London 

!•*— ''Mod Lucas," the Hermit of Rcdcoots 
Gre«Ti, near Stevenage, and ihe hero of 
1 )kkcni* ** Tom Tiddler • Ground," found dead 
among the a&hcs of his neglected cottage, 

ao,— The Archbishop of Canterbury caTls 
aircntion to the present stutc of Public Worship 
iti the Church of England, His grace entered 
into a lengthened description of existing erils 
and anomaJics, and ctjncluded by moving the 
first reodinjj of a ** Bill for the t^ettcr adminis- 
f"**'^" * the law respecting Public Worship. 
ed at this lime, the bill provided 
t I I r-ihop should have the sole power in 
«iirccimg worship, as was evidently designed in 
I lie constitution of the Church, gutded, however, 
hf m Board of Assessors, lay and clerical. In 
Lie event of the Bishop thinking that a com- 
pi)laint against an incumbent demanded inquiry 
as to call his Assessors together, and if 
condemned the acts in question an 
iCpiscopal monition was to issue forth^Hth^ 
Ka appeal wis also provided for to Oic Arch- 
and his Asvepon, their decision to be 
After detailmg vaiioas Romanizing 
ces c»bservcd bv Anglican dcigymen, the 
hop concluded : — ** I call tjpon all 
Iwho glory in the name of members of the 
' England, who have no feelings of 
in any fonn, bat who have often 
bitile* of the Church of England 
n<t the Church o( Rome on the one hand 
nI aipiinst f'uritanism on the other, who styJe 
||trm*clvcs Atiglicans and regard the Church as 
>te of ntjr great institutions I call upon them 
n ward and declare thcmael vca man- 
. t sttCh a desecration of the Holy 
lu as a thing which all Churchmen 
dd unite hi condemning.'* In the discussion 
nreceded the first reading of the bilU 
].4Mdi NelsoA, Shaftesbury, and Sdhofiie took 
part. (See May ii). 

^-^ The Duke of Edinburgh lays the foun* 

of new buildings for Ihe Royal 

lad iCarines* Orphan SchoQl al 

— In tnlrodudng the Navy Estimates, for 
which 10,179,485/. was asked, Mr. Ward 
lunt descnlns the late government as having 
ft ihe navy in a state far from satisfactoyr. 
i ouf forty-one sea-goinj; ironclads (of which 
five are building) only ciphleen could be oon- 
ler«sl rti, , irv,» r^l present, and of the fottrteen 
rAil t akd harbour defence — among 

hicl id the Drvastaium till further 

Is wctc matic of her, only nine were good 
aoytlitng at all. The naval administration 
late Government was defended by Mr. 
en, and later in ilie scaoion by Mr. 




Childcrsi m the coune of n renewed diicusston 

regarding estimates. 

ai.^Thc Bishop of Peterborough draws 
attention in the House of Lords to the evtls 
arising from the present condition of the law 
of Patronage in the Church of England* A 
Select Committee was aftcrw*ards appointed to 
inquire into the subject. 

S3. — Inspection at Gosport by her Majesty 

of that portion of the Naval Brigade which 
had taken part in the Aftlmntee war. 

HA, — ^Died from the effects of a fall down the 
staircase at All Souls' College, John Phillips, 
F,R,S., Professor of Geology in the University 
of Oxford. Professor Phillips was bom in 
l8or. 

fl7.^ — Discussion raised by the Home Secre* 
tary regarding a Bill relating to the Sale and 
Consumption of Intoxicating Liquors. Me 
proposed among other changes that the hours 
for opening and closing puhlic-houses should 
be 5xed by statute and not by local magistrates, 
and that the adulteration clauses in the Act of 
1872 should be repealed. 

as. — The tariff adopted by the Inter- 
national Tonnage Commission comes into 
force on the Suez CanaL 

fiO.—llall at Manston House in honour of 
the marriage of the Duke and Ducheas of 
Edinburgh. 

— Count Amim, German Ambassador. 
presents his tetters of recall to MarahjL 

MacMahon, 

00. — Fighting in Arkansas between rival 
political factions, accompanied with loss of life. 

May a.^At the annual dinner of Ihe Roya! 
Academy the Prince of Wales makes specia. 
mention of the meriTorious picture sent in by 
Miss Thomson, entitled "Calling the Roll aftei 
an engagement in the Crimea." 

— Entry of the relieving army under 
Marshal Concha into Bit boa, being the anniver* 
sary of the day when the war of Independence 
broke oat. Four days later Marshal Serrano 
receited an enthodastic welcome on returning 
to Madrid from the city he had helped so much 
to present falling into the hands of b^tegiog 
Carti^. 

4. — Earl RimelPs motion for papers r^rd* 
ing the maintenance of peace m Europe re* 
}ecied after a speech by Earl Derby, in which 
he affirmed that while certain feelings excited 
at present in foreign courts gave rise to anxiety 
ana apprehension, there was, so far as imme^ 
diate results were concerned, no cause for 
anticipating any disturbance of the peac«. 

7.— Died, aged yt, Lieut. Gen. Sir Archdato 
WiUon, Bart, C.CB», conqueror of Delhi* 
(Sec p. 497.) 



* 







0. The Qtelsea section of the Thames 
Embankment oiiened by the Duke and Duchess 
ol Edinburgh ou behalf of the Queen, 

— The Queen visits the Empress Eugenic 
mt Chlselhurst, and inspects the tomb of the 
Emperor Napoleon. 

lO.— Drowncii in the Regient*s C^nal, 
EdwnrJ A. Foley, sculptor, aged 39, 

11. — Dicfl, aged 70, Baron Henry de 
Triqaeti, French sculptor. 

Ifl. — Ejqilaining the position of the Govern- 
ment with reference to EnglLikh possesions on 
the Gold CosLst, the Earl of Carnarvon remarked 
that motives connected with trade would not 
nfibrd a sufficient reason for remaining in such 
locality; btil there were moral obligations, 
"~ a great empire like England must be pre- 
" to accept the duliesand liurdens resulting 
rom its greatness. By a long system of 
protection we had taught the natives to depend 
on us, and by abandoning them we should 
probably hand them over to the Ashantees, and 
then within a year after our departure all the 
barbarous practices we had induceil them to 
give np would be reviv-d. With reference to 
!lie existing system of domestic slavery, Loid 
Carnarvon observed that though it vms a 
diflicalt subject to deal with, he would be glad 
to pave the way for tts ultimate extinction, and 
as far as territorial jurisdiction was concerned 
he said that Government, while inclined to 
maintain the protectorate, thought it undesir- 
able to enlarge the actual extent of the tern* 
tonal power It was proposed to constitute 
Lagos and the Gold Coast one single colony, 
very much on the principle of the Straits 
Settlements, with an executive and legislative 
council, composed of a very small number of 
person.^ 

— The University of London resolve to 
admit women to degrees. 

la.— The Emperor of Russia arrives at 
Dover, and afterwards proceeds to Windsor 
on a visit to the Queen. A state banquet was 
given at the castle next day, and on the 15th 
the Emperor received the Diplomatic Body at 
Buckingham Palace. On the 16th, after visit- 
ing (he Empress Eugenic at Chiselhun^t^ the 
Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey, 
the Emperor, accompanied by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, ihe Duke and Duchess of 
Edinburgh, and a numerous suite, visited the 
Crystal Palace, where an enthusiastic reception 
was experienced from a vast assembly drawn 
together by the interesting spectacle. In cele- 
bration of the Imperial visit the Corporation 
of London presented him with an address on 
the 1 8th, and in the evening a full dress 
concert took place in the Albert Hall On the 
19th a rcvie\^^ ' Mershot, and a 

ball given at h .\ On the 20th 

Woolwich An^ ^ .^ >-:.,...], and the 21st 

th« Emperor left by way of Gravesend. 



IS. — Mr. TrevelyaaV Btll forasaimnating th< 
County and Borough Franchise rejected after j 
debate by a majority of 287 to 17J vote^ Mn 
Disraeli protested against the «loctrine that th< 
distribution of political jwwer was an aflTair 
abstract right, and not of expediency and con* 
venience. With regard to the class affected by 
the Bill he admittet^l to the full that they wera 
as competent to exercise the franchise as to 
householders. Mr. Disraeli's main object ia 
to the Bill was that while it extended thd 
^nchise, it did not deal with the redistributioil 
of seats. If the Bill were passed the county 
votes would exceed the borough by half ^ 
million, and yet they would only rclum 18/ 
members, while the boroughs would return jOOv 

15.— Judgment of the House of Lortls on 
appeal in the Mordaunt divorce case, a majority 
of the judges being in favour of continuing ih 
proceedings. 

— Defeat and t%signatian of the D« Brpgli( 

ministry at Paris. 

16.— Distribution of medals to officers and 
men engaged in the Aahantec expedition bf 
her Majesty, at Windsor* 

— Bursting of a rescivoir near Hayden villi , 
MassachussetB, causing the partial desiruccioi 
of four neighbouring villages. As roftOf 
3oa lives were reported to have been lost, 

ty damaged to the extent of 1,500^^ 



17, -Public Worship Regulation Bill read 
a second time, the Marquis of Salbbury ex- 
plaining that while Government approved ol 
the measure generally they were not responsibh 
for details nor for the time selected to raise lh< 
questiotL ** We are told (said the Bishop of 
Peterborough) that we should govern thfl 
Church by fatherlincss. Now I must I 
allowed to say there is something very ecu 
sided in this cry for fatherliness from the 
bishops when they meet with no fil tain ess, am 
I should like to have some reciprocity, Whci 
a monition is to be flung back in my face, 
I am to be told that I am * neither a gentlei 
nor a divine,* and that * my conversion b to b( 
prayed for/ I must say that I should like U 
see a little filialness on the part of those wb( 
are demanding this fatherlmess. I honesth 
desire, as far as I can, to be fatherly towardi 
these men, but when I hear this advice given 
to us I am reminded of the solitary instance in 
which a ruler attempted to govern in thi^ 
fatherly fashion, and that his name was £1^ 
while his sons were Hophni and Phinchas.* 

18. — While in a state of madness honH 
drink a bricklayer named Blair, residing at Bo^ 
Common, East London, murders his wife and 
four children, first stunning them to all appear- 
ance by striking them with some bhmt weapon, 
then cutting their throats, and afterwardl 
committed suicide by cutting his own throat. 



la^The Duke of Richmond introduces ft bill 
^ ^(>\hU by pniTonage m the Established 
, ;ch of Scotland. 

— X*vy c^tifflAtes passed after a sharp dis- 
cussion !>ctwecn Sir E. Waikin and Mr. E.J. 
Reed, late Chief Conslmctor, reg^irding 
allmd dt^ficiencies in vessels designed by him 
for die Admiralty. 

!•.— Dr. Parker's temple on Holbom Via- 
duct opened for public worship. 

SO. Sir R, Anstruthcr's Licensing Bill fnr 
Scotlind read a second time. Hiis measure 
Wi^ afterwards withdrawn. 

aa.— Prince Hohcnlohe, the new German 
ambsMador at Paris, formally received by 
MazstiaJ MacMahon. 

— Unveiltng of the equestrian statue of Sir 
Jamef Ottram at Calcutta. 

— H, M. S. Niaif, 5*g\in sloop* lost in a 
fog (HI Cape Btane, Miquclon. 

— Coinpletion of the submarine telegraph 
between Constantinople and Odessa. 

— Died, aged 72, the accomplished Sylvain 
Vande Weyer, formerly Belgian Minister in 

I Ixuidon. 

L — The Liverpool and Australian iitm 

^■peamer Briluh Admiral lost on King'i Island, 
^^nt«»U .Strait, with about 50 passengers and 
^^Bnt>st of her crew. 

^^1 8ft. — \\niil-Monday enjoyments around Lon- 
^^hon greatly iaterfere^l with by a heavy rain' 
^^mll, accompanied by thunder and lightning, the 
^^n»Ucr fatal in at least one case at Hackney. 

Jtirae II.— The Chimrh Patronage (Scotland) 

ill read a second time in the Loi^s« the Duke 

if Aigytl giving his assent generally to the 

neasure, but objecting first that the conijicnsa* 

ion of one year's stipend to be allowed to 

ifiatroins was cJtccssive, and second, that the 

choice of a minister should be left m the hands 

of congregations as a whole and not of 

comBMamcuiU only, llie Bill appeared to him 

lo liavc been oootcientiniisly framed on the 

OOit pniidples of the Church of Scotland, 

had beai tooepted by an immense majority 

tlie Church, and was calculated to be of 

boiefit io that |»art of the kingdom, 
a« — ^Pmvincial Mayors entertained by the 
ird Major to a banquet in the Mansion 

MtSC 

l.^tn < -on the Licencing Bill 

: was rei. 3 p.m. to 7 p,m, (after- 

altcftru lu '- p. HI. in (ind around London) 

ae hours on Sundays. The clause 

to bimA^fidi travellers was settled by 

as A person who had lodged on 

ding night at least three miles from 

pdlace where he demanded refreshments. 

r— Died at Simla, Surgeon -General Beat* 
'.«. C. B« Principal Medicml Ufiicer to Her 
f sjnfir*s Forces in Indb. 






8.— Prince Arthur takes hit seat k the 
House of Lord.^ as Duke of Con naught. 

9.— Fire in the Tannery of Mr. Ellis, 
Bcrmond*ey, a large portion of the prcmUcs 
being destroyed and much adjoining property 
placed in extreme peril. 

10*^ Unveiling of the statue of John Bunyan 
at Bedford by Lady Augusta Stanley. An 
address was delivered in the afiemoon by Dean 
Stanley, who selected 05 his text the opening 
sentence of *' Pilgrim's Progress:" **As I 
walked through the wilderntss of this world I 
lighted on a certain place where there was a 
den," the "certain place** being Bedford 
town, and the " den " Bedford jail. 

— The Lord Mayor again extends hospi- 
tality at the Mansion Hou4l% this thnc to the 
Judges, Magistrates, and Benchers, 

13,—" Grand Day " at the Middle Temple, 
the Prince of Wales dining with the Benchers. 

14*. — Died, aged 64, Sir Charles Fox« civil 
engineer. 

Ift.— A motion by M. Casimir Pericr, in 
favour of a formal recognition of the Republic, 
carried in the French Afsembly by 345 to 341 
votes. 

1©.- Honorary degrees conferred at Cam- 
bridge on Lord Chief Justice Cock bum, Sir 
Banle Krare, Dr Stokes Mr. Freeman, M. 
IjCverrier, and other disiiiiguishe<i writers. On 
the 17th Oxford paid skimilar honours to 
General Wohcley, Sir T. E. May, Clerk of 
the House of Commons, and Professor Carus of 
Letpsic 

-^ M. Rochefort, arrives at Queenstown and 
experiences a hostile reception. 

17,— Congress opened tn London to devise 
measures for more effectually preventing cruelty 
to animals. At the jubilee meeting the Chair- 
man, Lord Harrowby, read a communication 
from her Majesty expressing the horrors with 
which she read of !iuffcrin|;s endured by dumb 
animals from the thoughilessness of the 
igfi jrant, and sometimes, she feared, from 
experiments in pursuit of sotenoe. For curing 
the former her Majesty trusted to the progress 
of education, while so fitr fts tcteuee wiu 
concerned she trusted the advantage of 
anaesthetic di&coveries, so beneficial to man, 
would be extended to the lower animals. The 
Queen rejoiced that the Society awakened 
the interest of the young by the production of 
essays connected with its objects, and had 
heanl with gratification that her son and 
daughter-in-law were to distribute the prizes* 
This was accordingly done by her Royal 
Highness the Duche«s of Edinburgh. 

I^.-Died, aged 56^ J. C. M. BcUew, 

elocutionist. 

— Died, aged 69, Jules Gabriel Janin, s 
famous French jouTt\aduV vewi crcC\R., 



JUNE 



1874. 



JULY 



fiO.— Died, aged 75, Thomas IJanting, 
celebrated for having so successfully practised 
the curative system known by his name. 

fifi. — Telegraphic communication established 
l)etwcen Europe and Brazil. 

— Died aged 64, Howard Staunton, emi- 
nent in the history of chess as a player and 
writer, but wMely known also as a cultivated 
Shakespearian scholar. 

— The new Licensing Bill read a third time 
It the Commons. Instead of Inmdfide travel- 
lers being defined by three miles measured m a 
straight line, on the map, it was agreed to 
measure such distance by the nearest public 
ihoroughfaie. 

ftA.— Mr.PlimsoH's Merchant Shipping Bill, 
framed to prevent evils arising from overload- 
ing, rejected by the narrow majority of 3, the 
numbers being 173 to 1 70, 

— Freedom of the Merchant Taylors' 
Company conferred on Mr. Disraeli, the Earl 
of Derby, and Marquis of Salisbury. 

as.— Public Worship Regulation Bill read 
a third time in the Lords. 

— Supreme Court of Judicature Bill passed 
in House of Lords. 

S8. — Died, aged 56, Major-Genoral Arm- 
strong, Commander of ** Armstrong's Horse" 
in many Kaffir engagements. 

— Marshal Concha killed in an attack on 
the Carlist entrenchments near Estella and his 
troops repulsed with the loss of 4,000 men. 
(ieneral Zaballa succeeded to the command. 

S9. — Frances Stewart executed at Newgate 
for the murder of her grandson. 

— Miss Richards, a young professional 
pedestrian, accomplished at Stapleton, near 
lUistol, the extraordinary feat of walking one 
thousand miles in one thousand consecutive 
hours. An endeavour was made when she 
l)egan her task on May i8ih to obtain a 
magisterial interference, but this was unsuccess- 
ful! on the ground that Miss Richards was a 
free agent, although she undertook the task 
in order that her father might win a wager of 

30. — Mr. Butt introduces his motion r^ai:d- 
ing Home Rule in Ireland, his main object as 
explained, being to get a Committee of the 
I louse to declare the expediency and justice of 
restoring to Ireland the right and power of 
managing all exclusively Irish affairs in an Irish 
Parliament. Dr. Ball on the part of Govern- 
ment met the motirn by a direct negative. 
Debate adjourned. (See July 2.) 

— Died, aged 79, Henry Grinnell, first 
President of American Geographical Society, 
and lealons promoter of Arctic Discovery. 

JJ54 



July 1. — Mr. J. L. Toole, comedian, 
entertained to dinner prior to his departure 
for America. 

a.— Died, aged 78, Lieut. -Col. Packe, 
Chairman, Great Northern Railway. 

— Demolition of Northumberland House 
commenced by taking down the lion placed 
over the entrance gate 125 years since by 
Algernon Duke of Somerset and the Countess 
of Northumberlard. The house and site wf re 
purchased by the Metropolitan Board of Works 
at a cost of 500,000/. for the purpose of making 
a new thoroughfare from Charing Cross to the 
Victoria Thames Embankment. The lion was 
nibsequently set up at the Duke's residence, 
Sion House, Brentford. 

— In the course of adjourned debate on Mr. 
Butt*s Home Rule motion, Mr. Disraeli denied 
that the Irish had any more right to claim the 
exclusive manacement of their affairs than the 
English or the Scotch ; but whether we haJ one 
Imperial and one local Parliament, or one 
Imperial and three local, he foresaw the same 
muddle — "co-ordinate and competing autho- 
rities and officers of State acting on policies 
totally distinct, and bringing about a course 
of affairs hostile to each other." From an 
amusing sketch of members hurrying from 
one capital to another, and by tt-legraph 
trying to keep pace with their Imperial 
duties at Westminster and their Irish 
dutiei at Dublin, Mr. Disraeli passed to the 
grievances to be remedied. The Lord Lieu- 
tenant was not an Irishman — well, but he is 
at all events an Irish duke. The high offices 
in Ireland are not held by Irishmen— but the 
I^rd Chancellor of England is an Irishman. 
There are coercive bills complained of, but the 
protest against them when passed must have 
teen in "the local Parliament ; " they were not 
heard in the Imperial. But the grand point of 
the speech — made peculiarly telling by the 
animation of the speaker, excited by the almost 
unanimous sympathetic cheering of a crowded 
house — was his allusion to "the conquered 
race." He declared there was to him " nothing 
more extraordinary than the determination of 
the Irish people to poclaim to the world that 
they are a subjugated people ! " ** I have been 
always surprised," he said, "that a people gifted 
with ^o much genius, so much sentiment, such 
winning qualities, should be— I am sure they 
wiH pardon me saying it, my remark is an 
abstract, not a personal one — should be so 
deficient in self-respect." The remark caused 
great laughter. ** I deny," said the right hon. 
gentleman, raising his voice, "that the Irish 
people are conqueretl : they are proud of it ; I 
deny that they have any ground for that pride." 
Th^ laughter here became uproarious, lie went 
on to deny that Ireland had been pre-eminently 
conquered. ** England had been subjugated 
quite as much, but never boasted of it. The 



>7fn:tDaii& conquered Ireland, but it was aflcr 
^Ihey had cnn«i\iereU En^jhiml. Croaiwcll con- 
quered Ireland but it was after he linl cunqucred 
ebmi." A bappicr piece of plcat,antiy and 
iirtJ description of ah Irish wcflkncss wta 
listened to ; and the right hnn. gcnile- 
f man concluded in words which literally brought 
ldf»wn the hou*c» **I am opj^osed therefore to 
) ibis motion because 1 think involved in it are 
I the hijihcst and dearest intercuts of our country. 
1 am -- • to it far the sake of the Irish 
I pec I I as for the sake of the Kn^lLsh or 

I for ii 1 I am opposed to it because I 

I wisli to see at the important crisis of the world 
— ^thnt prrhaps is nearer arriving than some of 
tis > united people wehled rn one 

I jjre^ y ; and t^ecause I feel that if we 

^satu.. i>olicy, if we do not cleanse the 

rftrlimcntary bosom of this perilous siiiflf, wc 
) shall bring About the disintegration of the kinu- 
j dora and the destruction of the empire." In the 
I cour&e of dcbole the Irish Chief Secretary con- 
tended that Home Rule was desired only by a 
minnrity of the people. On a division Mr. 
Itutt** motion was thrown out by an over- 
vbclming majority— 458 lo 6i votes. 

Bi — i.c'-^ '■ '^r ^ ' ire, restored and decorated 
by Mr. :\ t, M.P., formally handed 

ovei to 1! , 'litan Hoard of Works. 

Fontana's jbtaiue of Shak!;pearcT and the 
corner statues of Ho^:>arth, Rcynoldi^ Newton, 
d^nd Hunter were unveiled at the same time. 

B* — Died, aged 79, Henry Stephens, author 
p of the •* Dock of the Farm,*' 

,-* Pied, aged 73, the Right Hon. Fox* 

Maule Ramsay, eleventh Earl of Dolhousie, 

^ formerly Lord Pan mure, and member of 

various Liberal governments, between 1835, 

when he entered the Home department as 

der Secretary* and 1855, when he became 

elaiy for War in Lord Aberdeen's Cabinet. 

— In the Commons the Lord Advocate 
movc^ the second reading of the Aboliliun of 
Patf " -- i^ njbnd) Bill, contending that the 
on]) ii offered lo the measure was 

on I >f those who opposed Church 

itiiiailiincnts. Mr. Baxter moved an amend- 
If declaring it inexpedient lo legislate on 
\t tubject without further inquiry and in- 
formation. Mr Gtatistone's unexpected 
re>AppcArance in the House was greeted wnih 
Hearty cheer* when he stood up to oppo?ie the 
meatorr. This opposition he base^i on three 
Uround*— the exclusion of heritors from all 
*hare as mich in the elections of ministers ; the 
of cvcr\* provi'iinn Ciilculated fo 
cat* of Hiijhland parishes ; and the 
:lf]\' (o l>c inflicted by the manner 
i o( ;: i Lhe Free Church. He wanted 

fto^E ' oihrr fhjngi?^ what had l>ccn 

flotie by U It; I I General Assembly 

towards rr-ufiii 1 1 txxbes which it had 

uul for }nji':iij- virv^s which formed the 
of the present bill The amendment 



which he supported might be interpreted aa 
meaning that other stef»s of justice, prudence, 
and propriety— he might even say of decency 
— ou^lit previously lo be taken towards other 
non-cslablished bodies, Mr. Pisraeli denied 
that the measure wa* one for the abolition of 
patronage ; it was merely an alteration in the 
mode of selecting mimstcrs, and in what ihey 
had dene Government had acted on precedent, 
He defended the selection of the congrcgration 
as the constituency, as well as the amounLof 
compensation to bo f fl-d to patrons, and 
pointed out that to sub>-iitule the Civil for 
Lcclesvastical Courts M^ould be fatal to bcddmg 
out the olive branch to either the United 
Presbyterian or Free Chnrch l'0<lies» The 
debr4e stood adjournetl till the I3lh, when 
the second reading was carried by 307 to 109 
voles, 

7. — Died, aged 59, John Heneagc Jesse, 
author of many historical works. 

0* — The Queen reviews the Aldcrshot troops 
at Chobham Common. 

9. — A Belgian, Vincent dc Groof, known al 
** The Flying Man," while attempting to de- 
scend by a newly invened parachute from a 
Cremorne ballOon, falls suddenly to the ground 
from a height of So feet and dies within a few 
minutes after being found, bleeding and insen- 
sible, in Robert Street, Chelsea. The porter 
of Chelsea Infirmary^ who watched the ballioa 
and parachute, beard, or fancied he heard, a 
voice in the air twice cxclaimitig in Englijih, 
'*I»ropi mto the churchyard, look out.** llie 
aeronaut, Simmons, with dti Groof in his 
machine below, were then drifting near St. 
Luke's Church and much above the height of 
the tower. De Groof appeared to have over- 
balanced himself after detaching his machine, 
and fell forward clinging to tlic ropes. To the 
horror uf the spectators the .apparatus, instead 
of indating with the pressure of the air, 
collapsed, and turning round in its descent, fell 
with great violence lo the street a few yards 
from the kerUtone, Madame de Gronf, who 
witnestsed her hustmnd^s fall, fainted at the 
sight. The balloon rose and went on, crossing 
London in a north-easterly direction, Mr, 
Simmons swooned in lhe car, and did not 
recover consciousness till he was over Victoria 
Park. He travelled into Essex and came down 
with his balloon on the railway. In de Groof* 
case the coroner's jury returned a verdict of 
tleath by mtsatl venture, Imt expressed an opinion 
that such exhibitions should be slopped by 
legislative interference. 

— Idscussion in lhe Commons on the 
second rOtuJing of the Public Worship Kegtila 
tton bill, introduced by Mr. Russell Gumcy. 
Mr, Gladstone declared that he had never ap- 
proached any question with more embarrass- 
ment than this, and he ha<i been constrained 
to quit his retirement, to point out the false 
iisue which had t>een laid beCatc VuVvu^ivuc^^ 



JULY 



1874. 



JULY 



and to dispel the illasions and the ignorance 
which prevailed throughout the country in 
regard to this Bill. The difficulty in which 
I Parliament was placed was increased by the 
unfortunate history of the Bill, which he 
traced from the first announcement of it by 
some "clever fellow" in the columns of a 
tiaily paper, and also by the departure from 
fhe usual practice that the heads of the Church 
and of the State should concur in any legisla- 
tion for the Church. Mr. Gladstone concluded 
by hoping the house would not deem him 
presumptuous if he put into the form of resolu- 
tions what he thought were the principles on 
which legislation on this subject ought to be 
guided ; and in case the Bill proceeded, he gave 
notice that on the motion that the Speaker 
leave the chair for the House to ^o 
into Committee, he would distinctly raise 
the issue on the grounds he had endeavoured 
to explain. The right hon. gentlemen then 
submitted his resolutions, six in number, relating 
largely to the position occupied by the Church 
to the State on the one hana, and to the people 
on the other, and by the clergy to both. Sir 
William Vernon Harcourt opposed his old 
chief by supporting the bill in a trenchant 
speech. On the 13th Mr. Disraeli made a 
statement to the effect that, having considered 
most carefully the resolutions propounded by 
the ex-premier, "with the light of the inter- 
pretation which was candidly and even pro- 
fusely offered by the right hon. gentleman," 
he could "only arrive at one conclusion, 
namely, that they point to the abolition of 
that religious settlement which has prevailed 
in this country for more than two centuries, 
and on which depends much of our civil 
liberty." He thought it would be a great 
danger to the country if such propositions were 
not at once brought under discussion. There- 
fore, should the second reading of the Bill 
before the House be voted after the conclusion 
of the pending debate, he would give the 
right hon. gentleman an opportunity of 
bringing forward his six resolutions on the 
motion for Committee. On the 15th 
the adjourned debate was resumed, and the 
Bill read a second time without a division, 
several Liberal members supporting its pro- 
visions. On the i6th Mr. Gladstone withdrew 
his resolutions in deference to appeals from 
Liberal members, and in the hope that amend- 
ments would be made in Committee. 

to. — The Queen confers an Albert medal 
of the second class on David Webster, 
Broughty Ferry, Dundee, late second mate of 
the brig Atracan of Greenock, for having 
made a successful stniggle, extending over 
thirty-one days, to save from loss throu^ self- 
destruction a portion of the crew entrusted to 
his care, in a small boat, when the vessel took fife 
in mid-ocean. They were discovered drifting 
■hoot by the City of Manchester tnd conveyed 
to Calentta. The ship's boy Homer wai 



several times on the eve of being murdered by 
his delirious companions, and only saved by 
the watchfulness of Webster. 

11.— Mr. Disraeli unveils the statue of the 
late Earl Derby (by Noble) set up in New 
Palace Yard, adjacent to SL Margaret s Church, 
Westminster. 

13.— Died, aged 68, Miss Agnes Strickland, 
joint historian with her sister Eliz.ibeth, of the 
Queens and Princesses of England. 

— Attempted assassination of Prince 
Bismarck, at Kissingen, Bavaria, by a youth 
named KluUmann, incited to the deed it was 
alleged by regardless members of the Ultra- 
montane party. The ball passed through the 
carriage, but only injured the Prince's hand, 
which he had raised at the moment to return a 
military salute given by a person in the garb 
of a priest. KuUmann was sentenced to four- 
teen years imprisonment. 

14>. — Another great fire at Chicago, sixty 
acres of building being reported as laid waste 
on this occasion. 

— Lord Sandon moves the second reading 
of the Endowed School Acts Amendment Bill, 
providing for the transference of the duties of 
the Commission to the Charity Commissioners, 
appointed by the Act of 1869, powers which 
at the close of the session of 1873 it had been 
agreed to prolong for another twelve months, 
the original term of three years having expired. 
It also proposed to alter the former Act so far 
as to restore to the Church of England the 
administration of numerous schools in cases 
where the founder had recognised the autho- 
rity of a bishop, or had directed attendance in 
the service of the Church, or had required that 
the masters should be in holy orders. Mr. 
Forster protested against the Bill, as «lid also 
Mr. Gladstone, the latter denouncing it as in- 
equitable, unusual, and unwise. Mr. Hardy 
defended the measure, and eventually the 
second reading was carried by 291 to 209 
votes. The Bill was afterwards modified in 
committee, and three new commissioners ap- 
pointed under its provisions. 

IS. — Fire at the Galata quarter, Constanti- 
nople, destroying 200 houses and causing 
damage estimated at 20o,ocx>/. 

16.— Sir Bartle Frere presented witli the 
freedom of the City of London. 

17.— Bicentenary of the birth of Dr. Isaac 
Watts, celebrated by Nonconformists in his 
native town of Southampton. 

18. — Petrarch festival at Avignon. 

— Colliery accident in the Wigan Six-Feet 
mine, causing the death of fourteen of the 
workmen engaged in the pit when the explosion 
took place. 

— Opening of Shaftesbury Park, a new 
township in BatterMa, intended 'o afford 



JULY 



1874. 



AUGUST 



aceommodrntion to about S»ooo people, and to 
\m. eqttallv fr«c from public-houses and pawn* 
^oM. Mr. Disraeli, Earl bhaftcsbury, and 
£an GnnvUJe were present and addressed 
ihie company on the advantages confcrTcd on 
vofkin^ people by such undertakings. 

19. — ^Spain declared in a state of siege^ and 
a levy of laOiOOO men ordered. 

BO.— Her Majesty's message read in the 
Commons de&irtng that provmon might be 
made for her youngest son, Prince Leopold* 
On liie 2 jrd a vote was passed and agreed to 
for I5«ooo/. per annum, 

%%. — CoggiA*s comet attains its nearest point 
lo the earth after being visible to the naked 
m fiDon after twilight for the greater part of 
tne month. 

— Fancy dress ball nt Madtx^rough Tiou^e, 
the enterminment openmg with the Venetian 
Quadrille engaged in by tlic Prnice s of Wales 
" * Marquis of Mnrtinrton, the Duchess of 
'laml and Prtucc of Wales, the latter in 
COStame after Vandyke, wiih flowing 



■0)uadri11 
^Bd Mil 



^Kler^ 



— The Lord Mayor entertained a com- 
ny of 300 ladies and genilemen^ Elnglish 
1 foreign^ and identified in some way with 
(lerature or art, as singer?;, painters, novelists, 
editors, or special corTes{K)ii dents. Adelina 
Patti (with her husband^ the Marquis de Cauii)^ 
^^Wt on the right of the Lord Mayor; Lord 
^^Houghton and Sir Francis Grant on the left, 
^^H^jU evening a banquet was given ia the 
^^Kmb hall to l\t% Majest/s minJjktera. 

^^^*S^. — The steuner ifUkanki^ homeward 

bound from Cartagena, run down in the night 

off Dmsfreneas by Uie steamer Hank<m\ outward 

tmund to China. Fourteen out of the AfiJiMmJke 

. crew of twcnly^eight were lost, including the 

^Hpptain and mate, with their wives. 



The new Judicature Bill abandoned m 
t House of Commons* 

— Flout Is in Pennsylvania attended with 
. loM of life. 



— r)ied, aged 64, William Dougal 
Chriftte, diplomatist and author, and member 
of Qmodl of Univeraity College, London. 

S8 —The Liverpool landing stage, 2,000 
feft in leil£;th, and joined by seven bridges, 
•InMat whuTly destroyed by a fire, urigiikating, 
it was thought, in a gas eaplo&lon below the 
slmcture. 

•1.— I>i«d, aged 74, Dr. Charles Titstone 
Bcke, tia^rUcr wd Onenta] scholar. 



— Charles K. EuH 
the Thames wlulc tr» 
Hie of a boy who had i^ 




drowned in 

to save the 

the Embank - 



Ai&r^K«t 1— Right Hon. Andrew Litftk, 

Lord Mayor of London, gaietted a Baronet. 

a. — Public Worship Bill read a third time 
in the House of Commons, 

4-. — ^Conflict of authority between the Lords 
and Commons conceminij an amcndujent made 
by the latter in the Public Worship Regula- 
tion Bill providing for an appeal being made to 
the Archbishop. The Archbishops were in 
favour of it, but nine bishops voted against the 
clause. The Bishop of Winchester said he 
would trample his episcopal robes under foot 
if he did not believe episcopacy to be of Divine 
institution ; and if it wais of Divine institution, 
then every bishop ruled by Divine ri^ht iti 
his own diocese. The Bishop of Lmcohi 
objected to the clause as overriding episcopal 
discretion, and tending to set up a Pope at 
Canterbury and an anti^Pope at York. The 
Marquis of Salisbury spoke of the " bluster ** 
which generally prevailed when the Commons 
took any course opposed to the Upper House, 
and on the present occasion repudiated the 
majority as a ** bugbear." In the course of the 
debate to which this conflict of authority gave 
rise in the Commons, Mr. Disraeli repeated his 
earlier description of the bill, that it was 
intended to put down Ritualism, meauing by 
Ritualism the practices of a certain portion of 
the clergy, symlxjlical, according to their own 
admi^on, of doctrines which they were; 
solemnly boand to icnomioe. Of all the false 
iirciences pot forward there was none, Mr. 
Uisraeli remarked, more glaring than the 
pretence that this small pernicious sect was a 
part of the High Church party, among which 
lie bad found some of the most strenuous 
opponents of Rome, The Bill, he believed, 
would be found efficacious for its purpose, and 
it would be with the utmost hesitation that he 
would take any steps to put it in peril. He 
bad supported the amenoment as a wise and 
salutary provision, and he regretted its 
defeat, but for the sake of it he was not 
prepared to forfeit the Bill. **As to Lord 
Salisbury's langtioge, let us not for a moment 
(said Mr. Disraeli) be diverted from the course 
which we think, as wise and grave men, we 
ought to follow, by any allusions to the spirit of 
any speech which may have been made in the 
conrse of the debates in the other House of 
Parliament, My noble friend, who has just been 
referred to by the right hon. gentleman who 
has just addressed us with »o much ability, wos 
long a member of this House, and is well 
known to many of the members even of this 
Parliament He is not a man who measures 
his phrases. He is one who is a great master 
of gibes and flouts and jeers, but I don't 
suppose there is any one who is prejudiced 
against a member of Parliament on account 
of such qualification<t. My noble friend knows 
the House of Commons well, and he is not 
perhaps superior to the consideration that by 
■Baking a $|keech of thai kmd^ «^ Xs^xiAfc^'^ 



AUGUST 



1874. 



AUGUST 



respectable men like ourselves as being a 
* blustering majority ' he probably might stimu- 
late the amour propre of some individuals to 
take the course which he wants, and to defeat 
the Bill. Now I hope we shall not fall into 
that trap. I hope we shall show my noble 
friend tnat we remember some of his ma- 
noeuvres when he was a simple member of this 
I^Iouse, and that we are not tcr be taunted into 
taking a very indiscreet step, a step ruinous to 
all our own wishes and expectations, merely to 
show that we resent the contemptuous phrases 
of one of my colleagues.** The Bill was ulti- 
mately accepted as sent from the Lords without 
a division, Mr. Disraeli intimating that Lord 
Penzance had agreed to accept the post of new 
Ecclesiastical Judge at a salary of 3,000/. per 
annum— not 4,000/. as originally intended. . 

4-. Ministerial Whitebait Dinner at Green- 
wich. 

5. — The House of Lords hold a qsecial 
Wednesday sitting to pass the Endowed Schools 
and certain other Bills. 

— After a sharp debate, in whidi person- 
alities were freely indulged in, the Commons 
agree to the Lords' amendments on the Public 
Worship Bill 

6. — Sir Robert Phillimore, Dean of Arches, 
pronounces judgment reversing the decision of 
the BUhop for removal of the Reredos in 
Exeter Cathedral. Taking up the points which 
Lad been urged, he held that the dean and 
chapter of a cathedral did not re<}uire a faculty 
to erect a reredos, that the bishop had no 
power to order its removal, and that if he had 
the power it ought not to be exercised, because 
the images were no more objectionable than 
was the crucifix placed over the choir. An 
appeal w.is made to the Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council. (See 25lh Feb. 1875). 

7. — Thousandth anniversary of the coloniza- 
tion of Iceland, celebrated at Reikiajvik. 

— Parliament prorogued, the Queen's 
speech being read by the Lord Chancellor. 
Allusion was made to the Brussels* conference, 
the Reciprocity Treaty between Canada and 
the United States, disturbances in Spain, sup- 
pression of slavery at Zanzibar, famine m 
India, state of afifairs on the Gold Coast, and 
generally to the legislative measures passed 
during the session. 

10. — Marshal Bazaine escapes from his 
prison in the Isle St Marguerite by means of 
a rope ladder and a boat cleverly rowed by 
his wife and his wife's nephew. The version 
subseouently given of the afifair by the Marshal 
himself and Madame Bazaine was dramatic in 
the extreme, but people could not readily brine 
themselves to believe that circumstances had 
been so favourable as they made out, or that a 
corpulent man of sixty-nve had really in the 
dead of night let himself down a perpendicular 



cliff of nearly 100 feet, resting when half way 
by an iron hook attached to his girdle, then 
and there striking a lucifer match as a signal to 
the faithful friends rowing over the stormy 
waters to his rescue, had thereafter plunged 
into the waves and battled his way till, almost 
dead from cold and exhaustion, he was dragged 
into the boat. It was more probable that his 
escape had been facilitated by negligence on 
the part of some of the officials, and connivance 
on that of others; and the judicial inquiry 
which was instituted into the matter on Septem- 
ber 1 6th at Grasse resulted in such a conclusion. 
That inquiry had to deal with the fate of eight 
persons who were arrested on the charge of 
complicity, and who received sentences of im- 
prisonment varying from six months to one, 

Ifl. — Accident at the Bargoed station of the 
Rhymney Railway, South Wales, caused by 
the want of brake-power on slippery rails, and 
causing much damage to the rolling stock and 
permanent way. Driver and fireman killed. 

13. — New Guildhall at Pl3rmouth opened 
amid great local rejoicing by the Prince of 
Wales. 

14>. — A young man named Hubert commits 
suicide by throwing himself from the tower of 
Notre Dame, Paris. 

15.— Died, aged 84, Right Rev. Charies 
Richard Sumner, D.D., Bishop of Winchester, 
1827-69. 

— Grand Cross of the Abyssinian Order 
of Solomon's Seal and the Holy Cross, sent by 
King John of Ethiopia (Prince Kassai of Tigre) 
to the Prince of Wales. 

16. — Fire at Market Harborowgh, Leicester- 
shire, destroying a tanyard in which it originated 
and nine buildings in different parts of the 
town over which the burning embers had been 
carried. 

IB.— Died, aged 86, Sir William Fairbaim, 
Bart., eminent for his triumphs in the science 
of engineering. 

— The King of Denmark visits LeHh and 
Edinburgh on returning from the Iceland 
festivities. 

ftO.— Died, aged 81, Kenny Meadows, 
artisL 

ftft.— Died, aged Jo, Sydney T. Dobell, 
known as a poet under the nom-de-plume ol 
"Sydney Yendys." 

ftA,— Died, aged 83, William Henry West 
Betty, famous in the beginning of the century 
as the " Infant Roscius." 

85.— Tragedy at Princes* Club, Manchester, 
Hubert Baige shooting Alexander M'Lean 
dead in the writing-rooni, and then committed 
suicide by shooting himself, while in a state of 
insanity. 

a7.— Died, aged 56^ John Henry Foley, 
sculptor, R.A. 




^ 



SEPTEMfiER 



1874. 



SEPTEMBER 



ay. — Died, aged 81, Mtchnel Bamnr, an Irlsb 
poet wcU known among^ hU countrymen* 

fl8. — Marriage of the Grand Duke Vladimir 
vritb the Ducliess Marie of Mecklenburg 
iulemniscd at St. Peleniburg. 

A9. — The Comte dc Jamac gazetted as 
Ffcnch Aaibas^adorat the Court of St. James *& 

81,— M, Durouf and hifi wife wishing to 
ntisff a dtsappointed crowd at Calais^ ascend 
in a lialloon from that place and ure GOiiicd 
iti a ttircction north-east across the Channel, 
and after many narrow escapes ia the darkness 
of ftigtil are picked up near the I)iwerbajik» 
Almost dead, by a lishing-smack and landed at 

flflptemb^r 1. — A company of Roman 
Ottkolks »ct out from London as pilgrinu 
to the dirine of St Edmund of Pontigny, 
France. 

a, — Having recently passed over to the 
Rombh Communion, the Marquis of Kipon 
rcuiEns the Grattd Mastership of Freemasoiw 
in ErrrLand. The government of the craft 
thereailter devolved upon the I'rince of WaJta, 
aod at a ^lubseouent meeting of the grand Lodge 
his l^oyal Hi^bness was formally elected to the 
Gfand Mister » chair. 

— The Gcnnans celebrate the victory of 
Sedan with great enihusiasm at Berlin, 

«.— Died»a^ 81, Sir John Rcnnie, F.R.S., 
dvil cngineef of wide reputatiiin, including, 
bif labours did, works so well known as 
L<iri<)on Bridge, Plymojth Breakwater (in 
conjunction with his father), and the drainage 
of LiccoLnshire fens. 

7« — Extensive fire at Meiningen, C^ermany, 
one-half of the town being reduced to ashes, 
3,000 people rendered boiaielcsa. 

O. — Fire at Amsterdam, an extensive su^ 
refinery, insured for i,5cx^ooo florimi, being 
~' slroyed. 

-Terrible rail way accident near Norwich, 
I train cairying mails to Norwich left Grent 
{MiDOOth as itiual at S.46 P.M. and was jo hied 
~ ham^ twelve miles from Nonft-ich, by 
train from Lowestoft. ITi is junction 
effccicJ in the ordinary course, the 
Pitied train proceeded to Hrundalt, three 
alioiia fuihcr on. The line here became 
the united train required to halt 
[Brrval of the express train from 
to Grrat Ynrmoutli, or until per* 
wa4 given to the engine driver to 
A mistaken order from the night - 
insfjCCtor at Ntjrwich stati^m allowed the down 
— ^"^ l« leave Norwich while the Great 
nth train was suffered to come on from 
dl. The consequence was thnt the 
1 tmina met at 1'horpe, nearly two mites 
NofwUh and ran headlong into each 



K 



other* The rails were slippery from rain ; 
tliere was a slight curve in the line at the fatal 
spot, so that the lights of U'^ither train could 
be seen, and there was no time to apply the 
brakes. The express train const >led of fourteen 
carriages, and the mad train of thirteen, 
so that the opposing forces were nearly equvl 
in weight. It was thought that the speed of 
the up-mail could not have been Ici^s than 
from thirty to thirty-five miles an hour, while 
the rate at which the express was travelling 
would be from twenty to twenty- five milcii. 
The two cngthcs and tenders weight d, one 
forty and the other forty-ftve tons. Exclusive 
of dead weight in the train behind, this made 
over eighty tons of mclal hurled almost through 
the air from opposite points. Pertple living m 
the neighbourhood described the noise of the 
collision as something of the nature of • 
thunderbolt. In the crash which followed the 
funnel of one engine was carried away and the 
other rushed over it with several carriages until 
a pyramid was formed of the locomotives and 
shattered carriages, among which lay the 
woundevi, dead, or dying passengers, iJcsidei 
the four drivers and firemen, sixteen passengers 
were killed on the spot or died before the 
ni^ht was over, and about fifty were seriously 
injured, of whom five died in the course of a 
few days. The error as lo the telegram being 
discovered early, although nol before the 
answer was returned " Mail train gone," a 
few minutes of dreadful suspense was ex* 
perienced at Norwich, but during which it 
was found possible to make some preparations 
for meeting the inevitable catnstroj>be. Finding 
their train *lopp€<l,but unaware of the calaniiiy, 
two of the passengers were reported as having 
stepped out to walk to their destination, close 
at nand, and heard nothing of the disaster till 
next day. 

11, — Captain Strahan sworn in as Governor 

of the Gold Coast Settlement, and the new 
Charter read. 

Ifl.— Captain John Dent Bird, 20th Hussars, 
shot at Aldcrshot by Private T Smith of the 
same regiment, while engaged with his company 
in musketry practice, and in revenge, it was 
thought, for a seven days' confinement in bar- 
racls, to which he had been s»?ntenccd by his 
captain. Smith cunfcssed to firing the shot and 
surrendered himself on the ground. The ball 
had entered at the right shou'der-bladc, passed 
through the body, and out at the breaAt. Cap- 
tain 13ird became instantly unconscious, and 
expired in a few minutes, ignorant as lo who had 
fired the shot Smith was tried for the offenc*; 
at the Central Criminal Court, before Mr, 
Justice Lush, Oct. aSlh, found guilty, and 
condemned to death, 

— Ded at hi^ residence, Val Richer, 
Normandy, aged 87, Francois Pierre Gud* 
Liume Guiz'»f> French statesman and historian, 
Minister of Foreign Affairs from 18 vo i^U ilyt 






14-- — First meeting of the Congress of 
rientalists at the Royal Instilntion umier ihe 
esidency of Dr. Birch, of the British Museum, 
embers were entertained at tlie Mansion 
House on the 19th* 



w 



13 »— Died aged 79, Hercules J, Robertson* 

5 word Bcnholm, Senator of the College of 
iLsticc, Edinburgh, 

ao.— Died, Victor Sejour, French dramatic 
writer, 

^^m.— The br^lloon "Duke of Edinbufgh/' 
^^ktarted in conjunction with " I^ Continent/' 
^^Eom the Crystal Palace, with ^fessrs. Spencer 
^^Knd Lithgoe in the car, travels a distance of 
^Bwcventy miles in one hour and twenty minutes. 

I dSK. — Died, aged 7 1, Charles Swain, a writer 

of many pleasing verses. 

fi3. — Typhoon at Hon^ Kong, causing 
great loss oflife and destniction to shipping, 

S5. — Statue of the composer Balfe unvei!e<.l 
in Drury Lane. 

ft6. — Internationa! Rifle match between 
'.ngland and America, contested at New York 
nd won by America, 

&8» — Duke of Edinburgh visits Liverpool 

I for the threefold pur|iose of at tend mg the 

^HHusical Festival, opening the new Seamen's 
^Hprphanoge, and laying the foundation-stone 
^Hbf an Art Caller)' to be erected by Mr. Walker, 
^Hkt a cost of 20,000/. 

■ 30.— The King of the Fiji Islands cedes his 

country to the British Government, represented 
by Sir' Hercules Robinson, commanding the 

— Murder and suicide at Plymouth, a 
retired builder, named Thomas, first cutting his 

^ivife's throat and then his own, while watting 
in a solicitor's ofBce to settle details of a deed 
1^ of separation. 

— A labourer named Poiricr enecnttd at 
[^Chartres for a series of crimes known as the 

Ivimours murders, the victims in this case to 
Tthe cunning and ferocity of one person 
amounting to at least ten in number. 

October fl* — Explosion on the Regent's 

Canal, the fly-barge Tilbury, laden with four 

"ions of blasting powder and six barrels of 

petroleum, being blown up about five o'clock 

ihis morning at the North Lodge Bridge, 

Koological Gardens, and the three men in 

killed. Serious damage was done to 

rty within a radius of a mile from the 

' the explosion, the bridge being blown 

pieceip while Venetian blinds were torn 

jj6o 



from their sashes and furniture smashed in 
many cases. Many people residing in the 
neighbourhood rushed into the streets in their 
nightdresses screaming for help, and it wa? 
some hours before quiet and order was restored. 
Among those who sufl^ered more severely were 
Mr. Ochse, of North House, Mr. Alnta 
Tadema, artist, St. John's Wood, and Mrs. 
Howard Paul. The coroner's jury found that 
the Canal Company were guilty of gross n^li* 
gence in permitting fires to be lighted on such 
barges as the TUhnry, and that the existing 
laws were inadequate to secure public safety. 

A, — Arrest and imprisonment of Count 
Amim, late German Ambassador at Paris, on 
a charge of retaining State documents in his 
possession when he had been officially dismissed 
from the service of the State. Count Arnim 
was afterwards sentenced to two months 
imprisonment. 

— Died, aged 86. Biyan Waller Procter, a 
poet who had obtained a wide popularity under 
the pseudonym of ** Barry Cornwall/' Mr. 
Procter was at Harrow in Byron^s time^ and 
one of the last who knew Charles Ijunb 
intimately in the latter years of his life. 

— Died, aged 75, Mr. Webster Fisher, 
Professor of Medicine in the University of 
Cambridge, 

7*— The Duke of Edinburgh lays the 
found.ilion-stone of the new wing of the Royal 
British Female Orphan Asylum at Plymouth. 

10*— By her own desire, and in the ftuuace 
of H err Siemea* at Dresden, the body of Lady 
IHlke is subjected to the process of cremation 
in the presence of relatives. After the com- 
pany had complied with a request to offer up a 
mental prayer, the coffin was placed in the 
chamber of the furnace ; six minutes later the 
coffin burst : five minutes more and the flesh 
began to melt away ; ten minutes more and the 
skeleton was laid bare ; another ten minutes 
and the bones be^ to cnimble. Seventy-five 
minutes after the introduction of the coffin mto 
the furnace all that remained of Lady Dilke 
and the coffin were six pounds of dust placed 
in an urn. 

Ifl,— William Abliott, a member of the 
Stock Exchange, bound over to keep the peace 
towards Mr. Labiucberc, of 7^^ IVarld 
newspaper, who had been assaulted and threat^ 
ened in connection with articles written on 
certain city speculations, 

— Opening of neir railway to Plymouth by 
way of Tavistock, Okehampton, and Daftmoor. 

14>,— Collision in the Channel between the 
iron-built ^hins Camiukar and KiMg^ridff^t 
the latter sinking in three minutes with uie 
master, his wife and daughter, and eight of thf» 
crew. The Canduhar brought into Falmoulh 
much damaged 



1 



JVSMBEIl 



1874. 



NOVEAfBER 



IS. — The Duchrts of Edinburgh gives birth 

^ A son ■» I irn Falace» Alfred Alex- 

Bdcr Will Albert The Empress 

Russia iiiiist-u .11 iiic Palace in the course of 

ibe afternoon. 

17,—*' Hospital Saturday ; '* about 4,ocxj/. 
Uccted at sValU and boxes in the streets in 
i of the metropolitan charities. 

— Pied, aged 62, Sir John Benson, archv 
Ct of the Dublin Great Exhibition building. 

I 80. — ►The CAusaftf from Glasgiaw to Shang- 
ti, but more recently from Waterford, where 
had put in for repairs, wrecketl in a storm 
Ardrossan, in presence of hundreds of 
atOHL Captain Johnstone, with his wife 
bd sisler*tn-1aw, were lashed to a line thrown 
nm a tug, but finding it impossible for all three 
» be hauled on board, the master cut himself 
Arifiy and was drowned, with sixteen of his 
The storm was also severely felt tn Lon- 
1 and generally along the east and west coasts. 

8fl. — Freedom of the City of London and 
a sword valued at too guineai presented in 
the Guildhall to Major-General Sir Garnet 
Wolseiey, K.C.B., for ability and gallantry 
shown in the Gold Coast exp^rdition. 

S9. — Cyclone in the Bay of Bengal, 2,000 
lives being reported a? lost at Midnapore. 

ft4. — rhcd, aged 66» Thomas Miller, author 
ci *• Gideon Giles " and other writings in prose 
who h--" ' " —Mt application and 
y, rnised l ^ a humble position 

|ottmgham ker, 

-The Queen confers the Victoria Cross 
" Saitorius for personal bravery shown 
i of the enemy at Abogoo during the 
\ War. 

'—Trinity Chnrch, the first English Fro- 
nt place of worship erected within the 
walls of Kome, opened for public worship, on 
a Site near tlie Corso. 

— Destruction by fire of Messrs. Haigh's 
ootlon mill at Over, Cheshire ; eleven of the 
It-people burned. 

J. — The Home Secretary receives a depu- 

ation from the Metropolitan Municipal A&so- 
■^-^tiun, organised to secure a new muuicipaUty 
London. 

ao.— Died, aged 8o^ Sir Denis I^ Marchant* 
Ban,» formerly Chief Clerk of the House of 
Coimnoni. 

Died, aMd 60, Dr. Edwin Lankester. 
.,_jiCf Ibr Middlctex^ and a prolific contributor 
I the literature of scientific societies. 

a,— The Prince and Princess 
ait Kirmmgham^ and are entertained 
ayor, Mr, Chamberlain. Coventry 
Vit flitted on the sth* 




^^Of 



a. — 'Explosion in composition or mijcing* 
house of Hounslow Powder Mills, cauaiug the 
death of four workuiec^ and serious injury to 
two others. 

4*,— The ancient Scottish festival of Hallow- 
een celebrate*! on a great scale by Her 
Majesty and the royal household at Balmoral. 

10. — Captain Buniahy, of the Royal Horse 
GuardSp and Lord Manners, of the Grenadttr 
Guards, ascend in balloon from the Crystal 
Palace, and make a successful trial of a machine 
devised by the former far ascertaining the 
course of the wind at>ove clouds when the 
earth is concealed, 

— The Carlists are defeated and compelled 
to raise the siege of Irun, the dis^.^rdered troops 
taking refuge for the most part in Vera, 

14.— Died, aged 69, Rev. Wm. Sewcll, 
D.D., Senior FcUow of Exeter College, 
Oxford. 

IS. — Died, aged 70^ Hcinrich Brockhaus^ 
Leipsic, publisher. 

— Fire at Ho wick Hall, Northumberland, 
the residence of Earl Grey. Flames subdued 
without serious damage to the more stately 
rooms of the mansion. 

I«.— Mr, Disraeli re-elected Lord Rector of 
Glasgow University, his opponent being Mr. 
Raljjh Waldo Emerson. Lord Derby had 
been elected for Edinburgh University on 
the 14th. 

— Died, aged 92, Admiral Sir Henry 
Preacott, G.C.B, 

17, — The Midland Railway abolish second 
class carriages on iheir system, and make a 
considerable reduction in firsl-cUsi fares, 

— Sinking of the steamship Empire at 
Philadelphia, through overloading, thirty lives 
lost, 

— Official intimation given that Government 
had resolved upon sending an expedition to the 
North Pole. 

19.— A twelve-oared cutter belonging to 

H.M.S. Aurora rundown on the Clyde off 
Greenock by the Dublin steamer Duki of 
Leinstfr, A little after six o'clock, and when 
about half way between Princess pier and the 
guardshi]>, the men in the cutler discovered 
their danger and held up a lamp as a tignal for 
the steamer to lessen speed. The orders *' Stop 
her "and '* Full speed astern " were instantly 
given, but the speed on was so great that she 
could not be brought to a stand, A lamentable 
collision occurred, the small boat being com* 
pletely cut in two, and the whole of the men 
and boys, twenty-seven in number, thrown 
into the water. Seventeen were drowned or 
killed in the coUtsioo, and ten saved more of 
)e^ injored 



NOVEMBER 



1874. 



DECEMBER 



19. — The Cospatrick, an emigrant ship with 
434 passengers on board for Auckland, and a 
crew of forty-three, burnt in 37<> 15' S. Lat., 
I2"25'E. I-ong., about 400 miles from the 
Cape. The alarm of fire was first raised soon 
after midnight on the 17th, and it continued, 
defying all eiTbrts to check it, till the after- 
noon of the 19th, when the mainmast fell, 
killing many, and the ship's stem blew out 
under the poop deck. One survivor of that 
scene described Captain Elmslie as then 
throwing his wife overboard and leaping after 
her himself, to be followed by the surgeon 
with the captain's son in his arms. The vessel 
hud been burning for at least thirty-six hours 
before she went down, but amid the agony and 
confusion prevailing on board only two boats 
managed to get clear of the blazing wreck. 
Arranging to keep together and in the way 
of vessels as much as possible, they yet got 
separated in a breeze on the night of the 21st, 
and of the port boat in charge of the chief 
mate with its twenty-five occupants, men and 
women, and one babv eleven days old, nothing 
was ever afterwards known. In the starboaid 
boat, to which the second mate, Macdonald, 
had transferred his services by wav of lighten- 
ing the other, there were originally, thirty, all 
males, twenty-three being passengers. Desti- 
tute of food and raiment, the poor survivors 
became gradually reduced in number as hunger 
and madness wrought on their systems. Some 
fell overboard afileep, others, mad with thirst 
and hunger, sickened to death in the boat. On 
the 26th, when very bad, they commenced 
sucking the blood of those whom they were 
too weak to throw overboard. By next day, 
the 27th, the company was reduced to five, 
and some of these began to get callous as 
to what fate overtook them. They were 
happily then discovered by the ship British 
Sceptre of Liverpool, from Calcutta to 
Dundee, taken on board, and treated with 
the utmost kindness. Two, a passenger and 
a seaman, died on board, the other three, 
Macdonald, Lewis, and the youth Cottar, all 
seamen, and the sole survivors of the 
Cospatrick were landed at St. Helena to 
await a steamer home. — (See Dec. 25.) 

SO. — Colliery explosion at Rawmarsh, 
Rotherham, caxising the death of twenty-three 
workmen and serious injury to four others, 
being all who were in the pit at the time. 

— Died, aged 39, Tom Hood, humorist 
and editor of Fun^ son of the still greater 
humorist, who sang "The Song of the 
Shirt" 

fli. — Died, aged 74, Sir William Jardine, 
Bart., of Applegirth, naturalist. 

— Dense fog over the country, leading to 
numerous railway accidents. 

OS. — Christening of the infant son of the 
Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh at Bnddng- 
ii6:i 



ham Palace, in presence of the Queen, the 
Empress of Russia, and many members of the 
Royal and Imperial Households. 

fl7. — Died, Sir James Rannld Martin, 
F.R.C.S., an eminent Physician, and Inspector- 
General of Army Hospitals. 

fl9. — Died, aged 59, Constantine von 
Tischendorf, LL.D., philologist and Biblical 
critic. 

— The Tji Plata steamer, laden with 
telegraph cable for South America, founders 
in a severe gale off Ushant. Though much 
was done to lighten the vessel as v ell as to 
get boats and rafts in order, the Lxi Plata shot 
down stem first with a loud explosion, carryin;^ 
to the deep at least sixty of her passengers and 
crew, some of the former trained electricians. 
Among the lost were Captain Dud'ltr, Mr. 
Hughes, surgeon, the three officers, one of the 
four engineers, seven of the ten stewards and 
cooks, both the l>oatswains, the carpenter, 
all the eleven stokers, fourteen of the twentv- 
one seamen, and the whole of the cable staff, 
sixteen in number, w^ith Mr. Ricketts and the 
six electricians accompanying him. A boat 
which had managed to clear the vessel, with 
fifteen survivors, was picket! up by the emigrant 
ship Gardocky and the passengers transferred 
afterwards to the Antinory which landed ihem 
at Gravesend. 

30. — Day of intercession for Foreijjn 
Missions, Dean Stanley prciching a special 
sermon on the occasion at Westminster, and 
Principal Caird, of Glasgow University, officiat- 
ing from the lectern in the nave during the 
afiemoon. 

— Captain Mark Sever Bell, R.E., 
receives the distinction of the Victoria Cross 
for distinguished bravery at Ordahsu during 
the Ashantee Expedition. The Victoria Oio>s, 
first instituted as a reward for valour in Feb 
1856, is now in the possession of 106 officers 
of Her Majesty's Army, seven officers of 
the Royal Navy, one officer of the Royal 
Marines, and two Bengal civilians. Sixty of 
these crosses were conferred f »r acts of bravery 
during the Indian Mutiny, thirty-seven were 
won by officers during the war with Russia, 
six were conferred for gallantry during the 
war with New Zealand, three were won during 
the China war in i860, three have been dis- 
tributed for valour during the late Ashantee 
campaign, two for the Umbcyla campai^m, two 
for Bhootan, one for Persia, one for the 
Looshai expedition, and one for an act of 
gallantry in rescuing some soldiers from 
drowning in the Indian Ocean, the only 
Victoria cross not earned under fire. 

December fl. — Died, aged 45, Watts 
Phillips, dramatist. 

— The Prince of Wales proclaimed Gramd 
Master of the Freemasons of England by 
Garter King of Arms. 



DECEMBER 



1874. 



DECEMBER 



10^ — ^Dr. Kcncalf disbarred by the bcnchets 
Gnj'f Inn. 

L — The Duke of Abercom nomindtcd 
I Alastjer of the Freemasons of Ireland. 

MedftU distributed by the Queen at 

to nine seamen and tnariiies for 

gmllantry during the Ashontce 



An address from the French people, con- 

1 within four large and hanJsomc vohimes, 

1 to the Queen at Windsor, in acknow- 

Dt of wd readere<l by Engli&h p4K>ple 

s nek mod wounded in the war of 1870-71. 

' Majfsty graciously accepted the address, 

made a courteous acknowledgment in 

nch. The volumes were subsequently 

I In (he Britiji^h Museum. 

k^Fotlowing up a series of noisy debates 
hich Haiti occurred in the German Imperial 
ftrtiam<fnt with the U Itraniontrane or Centre- 
arty, Pnnce Bismarck said he would tell the 
lottseattory which had long been kept secret, 
t ought now to be made pubUc ** In 1S69, 
ben tht Wuttemburg Government had occa* 
t>f the action of the Papacy, 
^ envoy at Munich was in- 
aidke representations, and in a 
u which passed between (he envoy 
nuncio, the latter said that the Roman 
I was free only in America, and perhaps 
EnL'LiFivi iind in Bel^um. In all other 
\ to look to revolution as the 
curing her rightful position. 
c view of the priestly diplo- 
at Munich in 1869^ and 
|f ' ' : the Vatican at Paris. 

^ ardently desired by the 

^ to pass, but we had the 

war of ihjif instcadi Gentlemen, 1 am in 
pcitseatton of conclusive evidence proving that 
lf»c war of 1S70 was the combined work of 
Komc and France ; that the Glcumenical 
C iHincil wa« cut short on account of the war ; 
a^iit that very different votes would bave been 
LiVcfi by the council had the French bc€n 
fious. I know from the very best sources 
If I'.mperor Napoleon was dragged into 
I fTiiich Dugainst his will by the 

lc5i rampant at his court, that 
it L.ird to resist those influences, 
eleventh hour he determined to 
; cace, that he *luck to this detcr- 
.on for half-an-hour, and that he was 
* tdy overpowered by persona representing 
Kome." 

7 _£;if RnV«-rf riiillimnre g,vcs judgment, 
ic, of Albao^Sy six 



•— Aspfcnal, Fry, and Knoeker, three 
dffoctoni of the £u|>ion Gas Comj^any^ com* 
oiUI«d for trial cm the eharge of iraud on th«? 
ft6j 



Stock Exchange, in so far as they had con* 
spired to establish a ** comer*' in shares ol 
a company which had no more than a nomi- 
nal existence, thus violating the provision of 
the Companies* Act, and defmuding Mr. 
Hankcy, who by their schemes found himself 
under obligations to deliver 2,800 shares with- 
out bcin^ able to obtain any at quoted prices. 
** The House,'* on this occasion, had sus; endc^l 
the nde, making delivery compulsory, on 
evidence submitted to them showing that Mr. 
Hankey had been made the tool of a con- 
spiracy. 

— ' H.M.S. Basilhk returns to England 
after commission of four years, chiefly sp*»nt 
in exploring the coast, harbours, rivers, and 
inlands of Torres Straitii and Eastern New 
Guinea. 

S.— Died, aged 68, Eara Cornell, founder 
of Comcirs University^ New York. 

— The astronomical event known as the 
" Transit of Venus," looked forward to with 
interest by scientific tneo, and prepjred for 
by several expeditions aent out by various 
nations of Europe and the United States ot 
America to those parts of the globe from which 
it could be best observed, took place to-day. 
Telegrams were received in the course of the 
next few days briefly men 1 inning the results 
obtained. In Egypt, India, China, and Persia, 
the weather was reponed as fine and the 
observations .successful In Tasmania and 
some other regions the reverse was the case. 

II.— Died, John Mitchell, librarian, of Old 
Bond Street, and theatncal manager, 

la.— Robbery at the Paddington Terminus 
this evening by which Latly Dudley lo*t jewels 
valued in the first instance at 50,000/. but 
latterly much reduced in amount The case 
appeared to have been picked up from the 
platform when set down for a moment by a 
female servant in charge, while she assisted a 
companion out of the cab. A reward of 
1,000/. was offered, but the jewels were never 
recovered. 

13.— Bishop Colenso inhibited by the 
Bishop of London from preaching in St. 
James's ChapeL 

la.— The Shaker community at New Forest 
Lodge, Lymington, presided over by Mother 
Girling, ejected from their residence by the 
Sheriff, acting for the mortgagee, twenty men, 
and III women and children being turned out 
with all their fiirniture. Shelter was offered 
them but refused, and they stayed in the road 
all night singing and praying through a heavy 
fall of rain and snow driven along by a cold 
east witid. Mother Girling, mentioned above, 
was apjjrchcndc^i in the expectation that a 
certificate of insanity might be obtained agAintt 
her, but this could not be proved, and the poor 
vroman was thereupon restored to her flock, 
who ultimately found temporary shelter in the 
neighbourhood. 



DECEMBER 




1874. 



DECEMBL 



% 



1#. — Y\vt in CoUW carriage factory, 
Ofcfiird, destroying most of the works wiih 
valuable finished slockp and placing the 
neighbouring well-known Randolph Hotel in 
great peril. 

17. — Prince Bismarck's resignation refused 
by the Emperor of Germany. 

aa,— Died, at the age of 78, "Tita" 
Falderi^ a servant of Li>rd Byron's in Venice. 
He accompanied the remains of the poet to 
England, and afterwards passed into the 
service first uf Byron's friend, Sir J. C. Hob- 
house (Lord Broughton), and next of Isaac 
DisraclL Later in life ** Tita " was appointed 
a messenger in the India Office. 

ft3,— Difcti, aged 73, Rt. Hon. Sir John 
Rom illy, a Ma-ster of the Rulb distinguished 
for his ability in the House of Commons and 
on the Bench, but <.till more for the interest he 
took in the publication of the Memorials and 
Calendars illustrating the history of Gr^it 
Bntain. 

a^.— With the clbsc of this year there falls 
to be recorded one of the most appalling 
occurrences which has taken place in the history 
of our home railway system. The Great 
Western cxore^vs fmm ra*tdington, unusually 

I crowded witn Christmas visitors, had proceeded 
on itt journey north from Oxford as far as the 
village of Shiplon-on-Chcrwel!, about a mile 

i and a half from the VVooilstock Road Station, 
when the tire of one of the wheels of a front 
carriage gave way with the most dtsastrons re- 
sidls. The coupling-chain snapped, while the 
carriages in the rear were thrown off the rails, 
tome falling on one side and some on the other 
of an embankment about twenty feet high at 
this part of the line. At the time of the 
accident the train wtis travelling at the rale of 
forty miles an hour. One carriage carried 
mway a stone abutment of a bridge over the 
canal and fell in splinters into the water ; two 
others, wheels up, were spread like matchwood 
along the embankment ; while a third was 
hurled across the up-line on to the bank. In 
these the deaths were many, and the injuries 
severe, the bodies in some cases affording ni> 
clue to identity. The first shock and alarm 
over, resitlents near the place vied with surviv- 
ing I'fli^sengcri to render what assistance was 
pov^ibIc under the circumstances, and by the 
afternocjnt when the sad news gi't known at 
Oxford, numerous medical men well fumisheii 
with appliances were hastening to Shipton. 
The dead were l»id out in rows ibr identifica- 
tion, and the injured, where it was poss ble, 
removed in mo*t instances lo the RadcUfTe 
infirmary, Oiford. The deaths amounted lo 
thirty-four, ond the seriously irijureil numbered 
seventy- With her customary solicitude for all 
cUsses of her subjects, Her Majesty made 

I inquiry from lime to time, through Dr. Jcnner, 
AS to the condition of the p.'itients. 
— CcllJerjr £Mp)o5lon nt Bignall Hill, SUf- 



fordshire, causing the death of seventeen cnil 
of nineteen workmen engaged in the ** thief 
coal " at the time of the calamity. Notie 
the men employed in the other workings w*i 
affected by the accident. 

85.— News received in London of the bu 
ing of the emigrant «hip C^spiUnirJt (sec anfs^ 
Nov. 19}. The few survivors were taken 01 
St- Hclerm by the steamer Nytittm and landi 
at Plymouth on the last night of the ycir T! 
nature and extent of the calamtty excited pubji 
sympathy to an nnusiud degree, an<I news* 
papers, provincial as w*ell as me'r '• ''-■ 
made si;preme efforts to give early n 
by reaching the survivors io the sUn- ■ 
oooiing up the English Channel. 

aa.— Died, aged 74, Rev. John Mouhri/ 
rector of Rugby, a poet of some celeb rity» bi 
even more widely known a* the friend d 
Arnold, Praed, and Dcrwcnt Coleridge. 

30.— Prince Alfonso, son of the cx-Qaeei 
Isabella, proclaimed King of Spain by tin 
troops at Madrid and the armies of the Nort^ 
and Centre. 

— Died, Benjamin At t wood, an anonymotti 
but muniBcent donor to many charities, 

— Died, at Caen, where he hod repaired i^ 
failing health, James Grahnm, fourth Duke and 
seventh Marquis of Montrose, a member a 
various Conservative Governments betweei 
1852-68, aged 75. 

31.— News received of more disAsters a 
sea. The steamer DHfina was reported a_ 
having struck on a rock off the west coast o] 
Sonth America. Twenty of her passengen 
and crew reported as lost. Six oth( 
escaped in a boat, and about as many motf 
were taken alive off the rigging. — The Caimf/a^ 
' of London, was burnt at sea on her voyage fron 
Newcastle to Aden, and Captain Patchet, hi 
son, the mate, and nine serimcn reported as lo«l» 
after taking to a boat. The crews of t 
boats were picked up and landed at St. Helena* 
—The Enj[ine of North Shields destroyed bj 
fire in the South Atlantic in August, and i 
portion of her crew subjected to exireme sul 
fering from hunger and thirst. One Italtai 
sailor was said to have been slnin and cut u] 
for food a few hours before the party wer 
relieved by a Dutch ship. 

— Died, aged 67, Alcjcandre Augusti 
Ledru RoUin, a French pohtical refugee, pr<n 
minently concerned in the Revolution of 1S4S, 

— Died, aged 74, F. Kicman, RR.S,, m 
anatomist ond physiologist, cclcbmted for hii 
researches into the history o( the liver, foj 
which he was awarded the Copley Medal, 

— Tn the case of Fredcri ^ * " riey-Genc 
ral, known as the Frcd^ nacy ca^e, 

a jury in the Divorce ai 01.11 Cou; " 

return a verdict that Col. Frederick and Marih 
Rigden were lawfully marric^l in March, 177: 
as alleged by the petitioner, Captain C 1 
Frederick. 



JANUARY 



KS75. 

fJaauMT a— r^tc^, tge<! 84, Str 
liiiuci Itlgnokl, founder of the Norwich 
biOfl Fire nm! Life Offices nnd intimalely 
eiAled during his long life with the corn- 
rial and foci&l progress of his native city» 

[S.— Die^i aged 88, Lady Chantrfy, widow 
' Sir Francis, the celebrated sculptor. 

w— Expltwion in the Alnwick Main Col- 

Park Gate, Rothcrham. causin^T the 

Rth af eipht men. Over 300 were in the 

\ at the time, but most of them hurried to 

! shaft after the expUision and were drawn 

in safety. A few others in the distant 

pricings contittucd ia the mine unconscious 

^ any cAlamity. 

^ — A Tync whcny used a< a ferry-boat at 
'"aydon U|>set by ice atid nine men drowned* 
\\z were saved, much bruised and exhausted. 

- Triple enectition at Liverpool — Mulan 
McCavan for a murderous a>ksuu on Richard 
forgan, and Worlhington, master of a canal* 
Dat, for kicking his wife to death. 

^. — A jnr^ empannellcd at New York to 
the action raiseiJ by Theodore Tilt on 
agftiDft the Rev. IL Ward Bcecher for alleged 
•ondaloui famiUarity with Mrs, Til ton. 

— The Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of London 

IDmy a slate visit to Marshal MacMahonat Pans. 
I 6. — The Duke of Abercom ifi<italled ai 
Brand Master of the Freemasons of Ireland in 
bora of the late Dake of Leinster. 
I — King Alfonio leaves Paris to assume the 
Rins of government at Madrid. He landed 
|t Barcelona on I he 9th, and entered the capital 
on the t4th amid great enthusiasm. 

10. — The Pope gives audience to a depiita> 
of Irish Catholics who present his rlolt- 

*s with an offering of 16,000 francs. 

II.— Died, aged 90, James Chad wick, one 
' the founders and a munificent supporter of 
ke Anti-Cora Law league. *' I cannot make 
k speech," he !.aid, at one meeting, " but I 
till give a thousand pounds." 

1«.—Died, aged 18, Toung Chi, Emperor 
' China. 

19. — Mr. Gladstone announces in a letter 

1^1 GranviUe his final retirement from the 

hip of the Liberal pariy. Reviewing 

»ilion of matters as described in his 

of the tath, the rc*ull has l>een, he 

*that I lee no pohhc att vantage iff my 

■Bing to act as the leader of ihe Lilieral 

and that at the igc of sixty five and 

rty-lMTO yean of a blxjriouis public life 

! myself entitled to retire on the prc^nt 

nily. This retirement is dictattxl to me 

} pcr%i>nat views .ta to the best method of 

"eg the dosing years of my life. I need 

1165 



hardly say that my conduct in Parliament will 
continue to be governed by the principles on 
which I have heretofore acted, and whatever 
arrangcmeuis may be made for the treatment 
of general business, and for the advantage or 
convenience of the Liberal party, they will have 
my cordial support. 1 should perhaps add that 
1 am at present, and mean for a short lime to 
be, engaged on a special matter which occupies 
roe closely. Believe me always sincerely y^urs, 
W. E. Gladstone." 

14w — President Grant approves of a bi'l 
passed by Con^^ess ordering specie payment 
to be resumed on 1st January, 1S79. 

16*. — Fire at the biscuit factory of Cray and 
Dunn, Kinning Park, Glasgow, causing damage 
estimated at 50,000/^ 

la.— Concluded before the Lord Chief 
Baron, the great city libel case of Rubery 
against Grant and Sampson, an action raised 
by Mr. Alfred Rubery, of llazlcwot:)d Lodge, 
Birmingham, against Mr. Sampson, formerly 
city editor of the Tim^s, and liaron Albert 
Gr^l, banker and financial agent* As stated 
by the Solicitor- General, the libels were 
contained in articles in the Timcs^ imputing 
to the plaintiff that he was a party to the gross 
fraud in the year 1872, known at **the great 
Califomian diamond swindle/' which was 
exposed m that newspaper. Mr. Sampsf»n 
had admitted that he was the writer of the 
articles in question, and pleaded that he was 
justified in writing them as they were true in 
subtance and fact. Baron Grant had simply 
pleaded ** Not Guilty/' which meant that he 
had nothing to do with the publicalion of the 
arlicles, Mr. Rul)cry assert«l that Grant had 
instigated Mr, Samf^ison to write them. The 
articles charged plaintiff, in company of o«e 
Harpending, with fitting out a piratical vessel 
to .ict against the United Slates shipping 
during the war with the South, and agnin in 
f 8 72 with being a party to the diamond fr.iud5 
at the Green River, where the ground had been 
deceptively ** salted " with rubies to give colour 
to the formation of a company for working out 
the prelendetl discovery. In examination Baron 
Grant admitted having allocated stock in certain 
companies to Mr. Sampson, and was nut sure 
but he might have paid over to him sums of 
money *'given in the usual way in the city." The 
trial commenced on the i8ih December last 
To-day, aAcr consulting together for a hour and 
a half, the jury returned into court with their 
answers to questions as follows t— 1, Arc the 
three articles in the Turns or any of ihem 
libellons? Yes. 2. If liL>ellous, is the plain- 
tiff guilty of any of the offences imputed to him ? 
No. 3. If the plainnff is not guilty, what 
damai^U he entitled tn ? 500/. Lasiily, was 
the defendant Baron Grant a party to the publi- 
cation of any of the lil»cU? No. This was 
in fact a verdict for the plaintiff against 
Sampson wiih 500/, damages, and in lavoui 
of Uaron Grant 

N ^ 



J'EBRUARY 



1875. 



FEBRUARY 



19.— Opening of the Congregational Me- 
morial in Farringdon Street, buili at a cost, it 
was said, of 30, (XX)/., and, in addition to its use 
as the business premises of the body, intended 
to commemorate the ejection of the 2000 Non- 
conformist ministers in 1662. 

— The jewel-case of the Russian Ambas- 
sador stolen at Paddington Station under 
circumstances precisely similar to what hap- 
pened in the case of the Countess of Dudley's 
jewels. 

— Fort Mombazique, East Africa, bom- 
barded and taken by H.M.S. Nassau and 
Rifleman, and handed over to the Sultan of 
Zanzibar. 

S3. — In connection with a company formed 
for carrying through a Channel tunnel, as de- 
signed by Sir John Hawkshaw, the French 
Minister of Public Works presents a Bill to 
the Assembly authorising a French company 
to co-operate with the English engineers. 

Febroary !• — 1^^ ironmasters and 
colliery-owners of South Wales join in a 
general lock-out, whereby 1 20, OCX) men are 
thrown out of employment. 

— Died, aged 59, Sir William Stemdale 
Bennett, musician and composer. Interred in 
Westminster Abbey, Feb. o. 

a.— The African Royal Mail Steamer Soudan 
wrecked in Funchal Bay, Madeira. Pas- 
sengers, crew, and mail saved. 

— The infant son of Bishop Piers Claugh- 
ton baptised in St Paul's Cathedral, where the 
rite had not been administered for 162 years. 

— Defeat of the Spanish Rojral forces at 
Lacar by Carlists. 

3. — Meeting of Liberal members at the 
Reform Club, presided over by Mr. John 
Bright, when the Marquis of Hartington is 
unanimously selected as leader in the House, in 
room of Mr. Gladstone. A letter was read 
from Mr. Forster declining nomination on the 
ground that he could not reckon on that general 
support without which he could not fulfil the 
duties of a leader. 

A. — The colony of Fiji constituted, and the 
Hon. Sir A. H, Gordon appointed Governor. 

5. — Parliament opened by Commission. 
The Royal speech, read by the Lord Chancellor, 
made reference to the Conference held at 
Brussels on the LawR and Usages of War, 
the recognition of King Alfonso of Spain^ the 
slave-trade on the East African Coast,and to the 
threatening disputes between China and Japan. 
Regarding India it was said, *' An ample bar- 
vcsl has restored prosperity to the provmces of 
^ly Eastern Empire, which last year were visited 
with famine. By the blessing of Praridenoe my 
1166 



Indian Government has l)een able entirely to 
avert the loss of life which I had reason to ap- 
prehend from that great calamity." Bills were 
promised relating to the transfer of land, re- 
construction of the judicature, improvement 
of dwellings for working classes, and merchant 
shipping. Attention was also to be directed 
to the propriety of more effectually providing 
for the trial of offences by the appointment 
of a public prosecutor, to trade union of- 
fences, and to the improvement of the law 
regarding agricultural tenancies. Address 
agreed to in each House without a division. 

6. — Edinburgh Theatre Royal destroyed by 
fire. 

— The first cabman's shelter, or "rest," in 
the metropolis set up at the stond in Acacia 
Road, St John's Wood. 

— King Alfonso makes a triumphant entry 
into Pampeluna. He entered Valladolid on 
the lith. 

9. — The Judicature Amendment Bill, aban- 
doned in the Commons last session from a 
desire on the part of the ministry to carry 
through the Public Worship Regulation Bill 
in preference, is now re-introduced by the 
Loi^ Chancellor and read a first time. In its 
present form the bill was again dropped, 
8th March, the Lord Chancellor explaining 
that Government had found a vast amount of 
opposition in store for it from both parties in 
the House, and that to carry it through would 
be impossible. The opposition was under- 
stood to have reference chiefly to the alterations 
proposed in the bill regarding the House of 
Lords as a court of fmal appeal. (See 9th 
April.) 

10. — Meeting at the residence of Professor 
Holloway, Oxford Street, to discuss details of 
a scheme for establishing a University for 
Ladies at Eagham. The sum of 250,000/. was 
promised by the Professor, who had already 
expended 180,000/. in erecting a sanatarium 
for the insane. 

14>. — Garibaldi entertained by the artizans of 
Rome and presented with the hat worn by him 
in the war of 1849. 

15. — Numerous jewel robberies in Berk- 
shire. Among other houses entered, in most 
instances by the aid of a rope-ladder from the 
outside, were those of Count Morel la, Virginia 
Water, Madame Vande Wcyer, New Lodge, 
Windsor, and Lord Ellenboiough, Bracknell. 

16.— John .Mitchel, an escaped convict, 
elected Member of Parliament for Tipperary 
County, and Dr. Kenealy for Stokc-upon- 
Trent. Mitchel was a well-known Irish 
agitator sentenced to transportation for his 
share in the rebellion of 1848. (See May 24, 
1848.) He had broken his parole in 1852 ^nd 
CKaped to America. He arrived at Que 



fEBRl/ARY 



1875. 



FEBKUAHl 



next day And proceeded to Tippeniry^ 
rbcre an cnthusiasdc welcome was ^veu. 
Ichd cleclaitd himself in favour of Home 
l^aJe, tJic overthrow of lUc Established 
and universal tenant-right, Ke* 
/% uttscrtipiiloiis advocacy of the Tichbome 
had led to his being dislienched, disbarred, 
removed from the hat of Queen's Counsel 

10.^ — Debate in the Commons on the 
ipperxiy election. In answer to Sir H. 
the Attorney 'General faid that Mitchel 
Id not now be proceeded against, either 
his nnfiQishcd sentence or for prison- 
tng ; but having been adjudged a felon, 
amd not having been purged either by pardon 
Ijom the Cro'AHf or oy having comjileted the 
of his sentence, he remained a feloa, and 
such could not sit In the House of 
ommons, Mr. Martin, member for Meath, 
irother^in'law of Mitchel, said, if John 
itchcl ItAd forfeited his honour, he (Martin) 
done «o too. The Opposition having 
ed the appointment of a committee to 
the question, Mr. DLiraeli said it was 
part of his duty to teach hon, members 
hal a felon was, but it was a part of his 
ty» be added, "if a felon is returned to 
rliament, comes to this tai>le, and claims to 
a T-' -' - ' '3VC of the people, as long as 1 
M ,1 place to call ui>on (he House 

G^ ; _ J Avengc its outraged principles 
to say, * Until either by the favour of the 
»wn, or by your own dutiful conduct, you 
** have cleared yourself from this flaw, you 
aot lake your seat in the House of 
>iis,' ^* A proposition for adjourning 
fbt debate wts negatived by 269 against to2 
•nd Mr. I>iiraeli*s motion agreed to 
it stood, A new writ for Tipperary was 
icneupon moved for* 



LJOta» 
^■to it 



ftl. — Angustuf Raymond Margery, of the 
OOnseUr service, murdered bv Chinese troops 
«t Ifanwyne. Mr. Margery' had been selected 
Sir Thomas Wade to journey across the 
) Empire from Shanghai, for the purpose 
Stng the British exiiedilion sent up the 
{^dy to explore the Yunen trade routes, 
itwartis, ^Starlingon the 4th September last, 
levelled J, 500 miles, and on the 17th 
|r joined Colonel Brown's party at Bhama 
y as was supposed, by Burmese agents, 
khyen guide troops proved so unruly as 
I Colonel Browne to select what was 
own as the ** upper-route " for returning, 
ving at Manwyne, about four marches 
^*p..t .-.f riiiijio, hostile demonstrations 
I ti ic natives, and Mf. Margery 

went into the town for the 
'|IUl[M>se of feconnoitering. The next day was 
«pent walking about the street* and conversing 
BUhOQg the pe4~»ple, with whom the young 
tntwdJcr appeared to be on the bc^t of terms. 
Ob tbc owning of the ZisX some of the Chinese 
" 1 to show him certain hot spKngs in the 



neighbourhood, but when in the act of mounting 
his pony to proceed thither, he was struck 
down from behind and aflerw-ards attacked 
with swords and lances. Several Chinese 
servants were also murdered, and the heads of 
the entire party struck off and placed upon 
the walls of the town. 

flfl.— Died, aged 78, Sir Charles Lyelt, 
Bart., F.R.S., F.G.S., the most cmment and 
popular of modern geologists. Interred in 
vVestmioster Abbey on the 27th. 

^ flS. — Foundation stone of Birmingham 
Science College laid by Sir Josiah Mason. 

— The Prince Imperial entertained at mess 
by officers of the Royal Artillery stationed at 
Woolwich. 

-— Opening of the trial of Mulhar Rao, 
Guicowar of Baroda, for attempting to poison 
Colonel Phayre, British resident* The com- 
mission was divided in opinion, the native 
members holding his guilt not proved ; but 
Her Majesty^s Government depos^ him on the 
ground of obvious incapacity and misconduct. 
Gopal Rao, eldest son of the preceding 
Gmcowar, was appointed in his room. 

— Lord Lyttelton's bill for an increase of 
the episcopate read a second time in the 
House of Lords. This bill was not sent to 
the Commons. 

— On the motion of Sir Henry James, 
Government consent to the appointment of a 
select committee " to inquire into the circum- 
stances attending the making of contracts for 
loans with foreign states, and also into the 
causes which have led to the non-payment of 
the principal money and interest due in respect 
of such loans," 

IkA. — The Senate Bill finally passed in the 
French Assembly by 44S to 241 votes. The 
Senate to be composed of 500 members, 225 
being elected by the Oepartmentsand Colonies, 
and 75 by the National Assembly. 

— After an adjournment of several days in 
consequence of the severe indisposition of 
Lord Chief Justice Cockbum, the triai is 
resumed of the action raised by Mn Charlton 
against Sir John Hay, M-P,, and other directors 
of the Canadi&Q Oil Works Corporation, for 
alleged false representations in the prospectus 
of that company. According to Sir H. James, 
who opened the case, the Od Works were 
almost worthless, yet the defendant, in spite of 

1 id formed a company and agreed to 
hV. for the property. The jury now 
si ... . L, ;ce over, but failing to agree upon a 
verdict on either occasion, were discharged. 

85. — The Judicial Committee of the Privy 
Council affirm the decision of Sir Kobcri 
Phi Hi more as to the legality of the new 
reredos in Exeter Cathedral 



MARCH 



1875. 



MARCH 



— House of I^rds decide that the Earl of 
Kellie has made good his title to the eaxldom 
of Mar. 

— Church Patronage Bill read a second 
time in the House of Lords. 

•8.— Died, aged 82, Sir Goldsworthy 
Gumey, electrician. 

— Died, aged 75, Rev. Robert Willis, 
Professor of Natural and Exiicrimental Philo- 
sophy, University of Cambridge. 

March 3.— Japanese Ambassador presented 
to the Queen by Earl Derby. 

— On this the anniversary day of his acces- 
sion the Emperor Alexander decrees the exten- 
sion of Kussian judicial institutions to Poland. 

— The Commons reject Mr. Cowper- 
Temple's bill permitting Scottish Universities 
to confer degrees on women. 

A. — Dr. Kenealy submits af>erROQal motion, 
cal.'ing upon Mr. Evelyn Ashley to explain 
tertatn remarks made out of tlie House on the 
use made of the witness L^ie io the T^chbome 
case^ but it was ruled that no notice could be 
taken of what was said by hon. members 
except in their parliamentary capacity. 

— Died, aged 73, John Timbs, an inde- 
fatigable compiler and author of many books 
of antiquarian gossip. 

7.--Died, aged 58, Sir Arthur Hdps,K.C.B., 
Clerk to the Privy Council, author of " Friends 
in Council," and many historical wofks, 
showing an enlightened aud cultivated mind. 

— Died, aged 67, General Sir James Hope 
Grant, G.C.B., conqueror of Pekin, and 
Utterly commanding the forces at Aldershot. 
Buried at Edinburgh on the 13th with military 
and civic honours. 

— Died, aged 75, Dr. John Edward Gray, 
F.R.S., Keeper of Zoology in the British 
Museum. 

8. — Sir John Shaw Lefevre resigns his o^pe 
of Clerk of the Parliament. 

©. — Commenced in the Agricultural HaH, 
Islington, a series of metropolitan meetings, 
known as "Revival gatherings,** conducted 
by the two A.merican evangelists, Messrs. 
Moody and San key, who for some months 
l>efore this date had been holding meetings 
almost daily in different towns in inland and 
Scotland. 

— Marble bust of Mazzini unveiled at 
Rome. 

11. — Sir Charles Mordaunt obtains a decree 
nisi for the dissolution of his marriage with 
Ladj Mordaunt. 
I168 



13. — The first of a long series of com- 
mercial failures made public to-day by the 
announcement that Messrs. J. C. im Thunn 
& Co., Merchants of Leadenhall Street, had 
suspended payment, with liabilities estimated 
at over £%ooo^ooo sterling. Messrs. Siordet 
& Co., Mincing Lane, and the General South 
American Company fo lowed on the 1 7th, 
each with liabilities of about ;f 400, cxx). 

16. — Died, aged over 90, Field Marshal Sir 
W. M. Gomm, 5. C.B.,D.C.L.,&c., Constable 
of the ToAcr, who had carried the colours of 
the 9th Foot through the campaign in Holland, 
under the Duke of York, m 1794, and in 
addition to much other active service in the 
interim, was present at Waterloo as Quarter- 
master General to Sir Thomas Picton*s 
** fighting divisDU.*' The remains of General 
Gomm were interred in Christ Church, Rother- 
hithe, on the 24th. 

— The ex-King and Queen of Naples visit 
Her Majesty at Windsor. 

— The Pope creates six new Cardinals, 
Archbisliop Manning being among the number. 
The new Cardinal assumed possession of his 
titular throne in the church of San Gregorio, 
Rome, on the 28th. 

— End of the Shipwrights' strike on the 
Tyne, having lasted six weeks. 

— The Due d'AudiflOret Pasquier elected 
President of the French Assembly, in room of 
M. BuAet, who had become Prime Minister. 

16. — Tliird reading of the Increase of Epis- 
copate Bill, .carried in the House of Lords. 

17.— The Commons appoint a Select Com- 
mittee to consider the Law of Bankers autho- 
rised to make and issue notes in the United 
Kingdom. 

— The Marquis of Lorne sworn as a 
Privy Councillor. 

18. — Regimental Exchanges Bill read a third 
time in the Commons, its design, as explained 
by Mr. Gathome Hardy, being to allow an 
officer on hsJf pay to exchange with an officer 
on full pay, such exchanges, oowever, to be on 
purely military grounds. 

10. — Fire at Eugene Rimmcl's perfumery 
manufactory, Beaufort Buildings, Strand, de- 
stroying the greater part of the fabric in which 
it originated. 

SO. — Double parricide in Essex, Thomas 
Johnson, residing near Colchester, murdering 
his father and mother. 

— Died, aged 60, John Mitchel, the re- 
turned convict who had recently been elected 
M.P. for Ttpperary county. 



PV/Z 



i87S. 



APRIL 



ai.— Frederick Hunt, residing At Dulwich 
Koad« Peng«, mardcn his wife by cutting her 
tbraat, poisons one of his children^ ami nearly 
txtcceeds wilh other two, atlcmpUng to cora- 
[•l<:tc the tragedy by laying himself a^long the 
~ails of the adjoining raihray, where he was 
Mjnd by the signalman and apprehended. 
|t his trial Hunt'i insanity was established 
evidence, and sentence passed fof con&ne* 
nt in a lunatic aiiylum. 

^- Baptist Chapel opened at Rome, 

t. — Statue of Daniel Man in unveiled m 



I — Dted» aged 54, the Comte dc Jamac, 
Vench ambassador at the English Court* 

i.— The Peace Prtservation (Ireland > Hill 
A second time in the Comaions by a 
^ijorjly of 195* 

\. — The Athinatum cast in damages to 
he extent of 1,275/,, ^^^ ^ Y\he\ on Messrs. W. 
Hd A. K. Johnston, geographical publishers, 
"liinburgh, 

ft7. — Died, aged 72, Edgar M. Qui net, 
ftench historian and phJlosupher* 

&•. — Dietl, aged 63, John Martin, M.P. for 
Meath county. 

SJ.— Dean Stanley installed as Lord Rector 
of the University of St. Andrews. 



April I.— The King of Denmark confers 
iknd Cros5 of Ihc Danncbrog on Hans 
fistitn Andersen, the popular novelist, on 
*ng hia seventieth year. 

-The Tower of London opened free to 
l^c pubtic, 

5,— Captain Paul Boyton exhibits his life- 
ifewervinu dress in Cowes harbour before the 
and Princess Beatrice. A series of 
tful eiitperiments had previously been 
(ie in the Thames. 

-The Prince and Princess of Wales take 
Htt ii*^ "'-fi^llation ceremonies connected 
1 1! of Merchant Taylors' School 

|w at rhe Charterhouse. 

— Meeting of King Victor Emmanuel and 
be Kmperor of Austria at Venice. 

7, — Alfred Cooper, railway inspector, 
'; led to the Thorpe accident, 
1 1 !t'.^glect of duty and sentenced 

M-- eii^i.. iiiw.iL... miprisonmenC 

,— Ttie Ijftfd Cbancellor explains that in 

J the Judiciturc Amendment 

pow the repeal of the cbtuses 

r,^ r-M i Coort of Final Apj>eal, and 

cam mend a Court of Intermediate Appeal 



instead. The sections of the Act of 1873 
abolishing the jurisdiciion of the Hou&e of 
Lords were to be suspended until the isl Nov, 
1876, and it was provided that until that date 
**an appeal may be brought to the House of 
Lords from any judgment or order of the court 
of appeal," constituted by the present bill, ** in 
any case in which any appeal or error might 
now be brought to the House of Lords or to 
Her Majesty in council, irem a similar judg* 
inent, decree, or order of any court or judge 
whose jurisdiciion is by the principal act 
transferred to the High Court of Justice or the 
Court of Appeal** The jurisdiction of the 
House of Lords as a Supreme Court of Ai>peal 
for the United Kingdom was thus retained for 
another year 

to. — Captain Boylon attempts to swim across 
Ihc Chajmel from Calais in bis life-saving 
dre-s, but is compelled from rough weather to 
abandon his design, after being in the water 
about fifteen hours, and accompksliing ft 
distance uf nearly fifty milea. 

11. — Died, agetl 8t, Count Philip Brunnow^ 
formerly Kusbiau Ambassador at the Court of 
St. James's. 

la.^Messn. N. M. Rothschild and Sons 
issue the prospectus of a new Russian loan, 
bearing inttr^ist at four -and -a-h a If per cent 

14>. — Died, aged 86, Thomas Wriglrt, prisim 
philanthropist. 

IS. — Budget introduced by the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, the revenue for the current 
year being estimated at 75,685.000/. and the 
expenditure al 75,268,000/. Sir Siaflbrd 
Northcotc had to reckon among the disappoint- 
ments in last year's income the deficient returns 
of the Telegraphic Service since it had been 
taken in hand by the laie Government, also a 
falling off in excise and stamps. The only 
alteration in taxation proposed related to 
brewers* licences. The most prominent feature 
of the budget, and which gave rise to consider- 
able discussion in the House, was his proposal 
for gradually reducing the National Debt by a 
new kind of Sinking Fund involving an annual 
charge in every budget for 28,000,000/, Thin 
would only come into full operation in 1877, 
Sir Stafford calculated that by 1SS5, 6,So0,00O/. 
of debt would be paid off, and in thirty yean 
as much as 213,000,000/. 

— Messrs. Moody and Sankey, the Ameri- 
can ** revivalists," commence a series of meet- 
ings for the convenience of fashional>Ie re»idcnts 
in the west end, in Haymarket 1 heat re. The 
afternoon gathering to-day was attended by the 
Princess of Wales and many of the aristocracy. 

10. — The Commons having resolved Ihat a 
breach of privilege had been committed by the 
printers or the Times and l>aiiy Aeu*j in pub- 
lishing a letter from M. Herran^ UoivdM.T«k 



APRIL 



1875. 



MAY 



Minister at Paris, addressed to Mr. Lowe as 
Chairman of the Foreign Loans Committee, 
reflecting on the conduct of Captain Bedford 
Pirn, M.P., in connection with that inquiry, 
the printers of these newspapers now attend 
the House and express their readiness to appear 
at the bar. Mr. Disraeli had, in the first 
instance, given his assent to this resolution, 
but on the matter coming up again for discus- 
sion in the afternoon, he moved that the order 
commanding the attendance of the printers 
should be read and discharged, and, further, 
that application should be made to the Foreign 
Loans Committee to give the House such 
information in regard to the matter as it 
desired. Agreed to. 

— In connection with the above privilege 
case Mr. Sullivan proposed a revival of the 
Standing Order of the House with a view to 
relieve the public press from the hazards at 
which it now discharged important and useful 
functions towards that House and towards the 
country. Mr. Disraeli declining to interfere. 
Lord Hartington moved resolutions to secure 
proper recognition to reporters by giving the 
power of excluding strangers to a majority of 
the House instead of letting it rest, as at 
present it technically did, on the objection of 
any single member. Lord Hartington's reso- 
lutions were rejected by Government on the 
ground of their giving opportunity for debate 
when the Question should be raised ; but 
ultimately Mr. Disraeli, though professing 
reluctance to take action in the matter at all, 
was induced to move a resolution by which 
proposals to exclude strangers were to be put 
to ttie vote without debate, the Speaker still 
retaining the power of closing the House when 
he should think necessary. 

1©. — Centenary of the battle of Lexington 
celebrated with rejoicing in various parts of the 
United Sutes. 

SO. — Mutiny and murder at sea on board 
the American ship Jefferson Borden, Two 
mates killed and thrown overboard. The 
prisoners concerned in the murders and mutiny 
were committed from Bow Street for trial 
in America, in terms of the Extradition 
Treaty. 

— Funeral of MM. Croce-Spinelli and 
Sivel, two French aeronauts who perished in 
the higher atmospheric regions while directing 
the balloon "Zenith." About 10,000 people 
reported as present at Pire-la-Chaise. 

— Diet!, aged 61, Sir Joseph Henry 
Hawley, Bart., a well-known patron of the 
turf. 

ft I. —Died, aged 93, Henry Wilton Pickers- 
gill, retired Royal Academician. 

— M. Chevalier, the eminent French 
politietl economist, entertained at a banquet 
V the Liverpool Chamber of Commerce. | 

ttzo 



— Burials Bill rejected by the Commons on 
the proposal for a second reading. 

ft3. — Pressed on both sides of the House 
to bring forward his long-threatened vote of 
censure on the judges concerned in the Tich- 
bome case, Dr. Kenealy now moves for the 
appointment of a Royal Commission to inquire 
into the conduct at the trial at bar. After a 
debate joined in by Sir Henry James, Mr. 
Disraeli, and Mr. Briglit, and in which full 
justice was done to the able and upright 
bearing of Lord Chief Justice Cockbum and 
Lord Coleridge, the member for Stoke found 
on a division that, besides Mr. Whalley and 
himself as tellers, he had only one supporter — 
Major O'Gorman — against 433 on the opposite 
iide. 

ft4.— Died, aged 69, Rev. (Canon) William 
Selwyn, B.D., Margaret Professor of Divi- 
nity in the University of Cambridge. 

— Died, aged 36, Winwood Reade, author 
and journalist. 

ft6. — Lord Coleridge in the House of Lords 
makes a personal explanation in reference to 
the statement of Dr. Kenealy in the Commons 
to the effect that he had, when Attorney- 
General, put before the jurv documents which 
he knew to be forged in relation to the Tich- 
bome case. In the Commons Sir Robert Peel 
indignantly denied having ever affirmed that 
he heard the Chief Justice say the jury had 
made up their muids to convict the Claimant 

ft7.— Died, aged 62, Hon. Sir GiUery 
Pigott, Baron of the Court of Exchequer. 

ftS.— The Prince of Wales installed as 
Grand Master of the Freemasons at the Albert 
Hall amid great ceremonial splendour. 

30. — Explosion at Bunker's Hill Colliery, 
North Staflbrdshire, causing the death of forty- 
two men and boys, the entire company of 
workmen employed in the workings at the 
time. 

Maj 1. — The Lord Mayor proceeds in state 
through the City to open the Alexandra Palace 
on Muswell Hill ; destroyed by fire in 1873. 

— Died, aged 58, Alfred George Stevens, 
sculptor and decorative artist. 

A, — Unveiling of a monument erected in 
Bunhill Fields to the Rev. Joshua Hughes, 
first Secretary to the Bible and Religious Tract 
Societies. 

5. —The Prince of Wales installed at Free- 
masoni* Hall as First Principal of the Royal 
Arch of England. 

— Died, aged 72, Professor Henry G. A . 
Ewland, of Gottingen, a celebrated oriental 
scholar. 




I 




•. — FoundatioQ-stone of m Memoml H:lH 
» Or, Iiaac Watu laid by Mr« Morley, M. P., 

; SouthumpioxL 

— Died, a^ed 53^ Rear* Admiral Shcraid 
O&bonie, C,B., F.K.S., Arciic navigator, 

— Died at Rornc^ Rev. Robert Buchanan, 
n.D., a prommetit member of the ScoUisti 
Free Church body, and author of ** The 
Ten Years' Conflict," Buried m Glasgow 
May 18th. 

T, — Trial trip of the Bessemer saloon 
camer, in the course of which she damaged 
c southern pier-head of Calais harboun 

German iron-screw mail -steamer 
lining from New York to Hatnburg, 
i;; at Plymouth and Cherbourg, 
on the Kctarrier Ledges near the 
-, Lighthouse, JScilly, and over 300 lives 
■A well as the entire cargo. The St: killer 
New York on the ayih ofApril, having on 
'^^KKird fifty *ninc first -class passengers, scvcnly- 
5ire second class, 120 in the steerage, and a 
cre«r of 101 officers and men all told, making 
m. total of 355 persons. She also brought ihe 
Australian and New Zealand mails, in all 250 
bags ; specie to the value of 300,000 dols. for 
Cherbourg ; and a full general cargo. For 
three days before the catastrophe heavy weather 
had been <:xpericnced, and on that night, the 
fog becoming denser, sails were taken in, the 
aiginci reduced to half speed, and the look- 
ont iacreascd. Almost immediately after these 
prccautiofis had l^een taken the Schiiter struck 
heavily on the Keiarrier Ledges. She made 
foor lurches and then settled on the rock, the 
sea washing over her as she lay on her broad- 
side. Captain Thomas, with the officers and 
dtew, succeeded with ditliculty in launching two 
gig;^ which were instantly Blled by men, who 
tkrast b«ck women and children in the eager- 
aH»of self-*prescTvation. The starboard Ufe- 
boit was Iheo launched, but capsized, and a 
C^Qlt OMinY people having crowded into the 
lanaiiiiDguoAts, it was found impossible to clear 
them, though tlie captain fired his pistol over 
ihc occupanu to compel t>cttcr order. About 
Hlnight the funnel fell, smashing two boalSi, 
id other two were swept away. At two 
I'clock, A.M., a heavy sea, which ran up (o the 
lop of the mainmast, carried away the deck- 
bouse, containing nearly 200 persons, mostly 
women and children, whose slmeks and cries 
were ibr a few seconds heard above the tcm- 
pest« The officers and some people on the 
Eiridce were next swept oveflioaril. and the 
" TVlvors crowded the rigging, the deck being 
cpt fore and aft by tlie sea. At about six 
mails fell, 11 nd tho«v nnt killed by the 
entrtnt;]fd in ihc rigging (loaleil about 
id by hfc-liell^, spati, and |>art3 of the 
•Somcffr •'"■-'■ . '-"> ►-. 1 ''I «.- K». f\s\i^ 
iti, Twi' -ng 

()cr>on«, frat fc ms 

lAvcd aiivE t '^^ lUcm£ uiiJy iHi*.- w^.ui a 



the 

' %rtx 



woman, Mrs, Jones, whose husband had oIh 
tained a place for her in one of the boats. 
Sir Cloudesley Shovel, with a number of his 
ofliicers and crew, and a portion of his flceti 
was lost on the Retarrier Ledges, Oct. 21, 
1707, 

8. — Wrecked in the same fog which led to 
the loas of the Scki/hr^ the ship CadiM from 
Lisbon to London with a general cargo, on the 
Wirard Rock, off Brest. There were thirty* 
five passengers on board and a crew of thirty- 
one- Of these only one English seaman and 
three Portuguese were saved. 

9. — Fenian demonstration in Dublin at the 
funeral ofMuHens, an Irish" American member 
of the broth erViood. 

— Died, aged 83, Rev.John William King, of 
The Hall, A. sh by-de-la- Launde, an enthu-siastlc 
sportsman and successful breeder of horees, 
one of them being " Apology,'* the winner of 
the One Thousand Guineas, The Oaks, and 
St. Iveger last year, 

10. — Arrival of the Emperor of Russia at 
Berlin on a vii^it to the Emperor of Germany. 
His Imperial Majesty remained three days. 

11.— A magnificent service of plate, of the 
value of 3,000 guineas, voted with acclamation 
by the Corporation of the City of London !o 
the Duke and Duchess of Ldinburgh in honour 
of their marriage, prcsentetl lo their Royal 
Highnesses at the Mansion House by the Lord 
Mayor. 

— The Queen gives a party to her grand- 
children at Windsor* The Princess of Wales 
and her family on returning to town make a 
narrow escape from a stone discliarged by a 
catapult ncnr Elaton Wick, 

13.— The Duke of Edinburgh opens the 
Yorkfihirc Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures 
at Leeds. 

10.— Garibaldi arrives at Vetletri to cele- 
brate the battle fought there in 1849, Next 
day the Italian Senate voted him a pension of 
50,000 francs per annuno. 

ao.— Died, aged 48. Dudley Baxter, authr>r 
of various works on national taxation and 
statistics. 

— Banquet at Porlsmoutb to Captain Nires 
and other officers of the Arctic expedition, 

9fl. — Mcniorial'Stonc of Glasgow new Pub- 
He Halls laid with masonic honours. 

aa._Thc Supreme Court of New York 
appoint President Jewelt receiver of the Erie 
Railway on account of the company's in- 
solvency. 

fla,— The Dublin Court of Ccunmon Plca<i 
awani the seat for Tipperary to Captain 
.Stephen Moor, the minority candidate in the 
iiecond cimlcst with the late John Mitchei 



JUNE 



1875. 



JUNE 



ft8.-> Burning of the Theatre Royal, Leeds, 
the Hiunes bein? discovered soon after a crowded 
audience had broken up. Damage estimated 
at aSfOOo'- 

— Captain Boyton starts from Cape Grisnez 
in his life-saving dress at 3 a.m. to cross the 
Channel, and walks ashore at Faro Bay, Kent, 
little the worse, at 2 A.M. on the following 
morning, having on this occasion successfully 
battled with the waves for 23 hours, supported 
only by three meals of strong green tea and 
beef sandwiches. Captain Boyton was con- 
veyed by steamer to Folkstone, where he was 
enthusiastically received. 

— Burning of the Roman Catholic 
Church at Halyoke, Massachusetts, and loss 
of about 100 lives. 

SO. — Official celebration of the Queen's 
birthday. The Prince of Wales, Marquis of 
J'weeddale, and Sir John Fitzgerald ^created 
Field- Marshals. 

— llie Alerty under tlie command of Captain 
Nares, and the Discovery, commanded by Cap- 
tain Stephenson, leave Portsmouth harbour for 
tlie Arctic regions. The crews of each vessel 
were made up of picked men, commanded by 
officers of tried energy and experience. 

81. — Failure of the Aberdeen and Plymouth 
Iron Companies, followed by sevend other 
London firms with which the parent company 
was connected. 

— New channel of the Danube opened for 
navigation. 

Jtine I — Portrait of Lord Lawrence, first 
chainnan of the Ix>ndon School-Board, pre- 
sented to the Board by officers and teachers. 

— The steamer Southftort, from Preston to 
Sicily, lost in a fog offCorunna, and ten of the 
crew drowned. 

A.— Died, aged 41, Edward Welby Pugin, 
architect, an enthusiastic advocate for the 
revival of Gothic art, which had been set on 
foot by his father. 

— Foundering of the steamer Vicksburg^ 
from Quebec to Liverpool, and loss of forty 
lives. 

6.— Died, aged 78, Count Charles Frederick 
de Remusat, French author and politician. 

7. — Three new peers gazetted — the Earl of 
Home, by the title of Baron Douglas ; Earl 
Dalhousie as Baron Ramsay ; and Viscount 
Grey dc Wilton, Baron Grey dc Radcliffe. 

8. — Mr. Gladstone's amendment to the 
Government proposition for reducing the 
National Debt rejected after debate by 189 
to 122 irotes. 



0. — Tlie Sultan of Zanzibar arrives at 
London preparatory to a tour through England, 
and is formally received at Westminster 
landing by Sir Bartle Frere, with several 
officials from the Foreign Office. 

— Severe thunderstorm over North Hant. 
and West Berks. 

15. — Died from injuries received by fire, 
in his office in Fleet Street, Michael Henry, 
editor of the Jtwish Chronicle, 

— Dr. Kenealy submits a fruitless motion in 
favour of Triennial Parliaments. 

17. — A iashionable company attended the 
gardens of Stafford House this afternoon 
to ins;iect the new wicker coffins designe«i by 
Mr. Seymour Haden. 

— The Attorney-General obtains the 
appointment of a select committee to inquire 
into Xhe corrupt practices prevailing during 
the last election at Norwich. 

18. — Fire in a bonded warehouse within the 
" Liberties " of Dublin, destroying a very large 
quantity of whisky and leading to the serious 
injury of many people who attempted to satisfy 
their ci-aving for the burning spirit as it flowed 
through the streets. 

— Came on for hearing before the Guildford 
magistrates, the charge made against Colonel 
Valentine Baker, loth Hussars, and the staff, 
Aldershot, of having on the previous day 
criminally assaulted Miss Rebecca Kate Dickin- 
son in a first-class railway carriage when 
travelling on the South-western line near 
Woking. According to her own statement, 
never disputed, she was travelling alone when 
a gentleman got in at Liphook, sat opposite to 
her, and engaged in a general conversation. At 
Woking he suddenly shut up the window, 
asked her name, and solicited permission to 
write, both of which she refused. He then 
sat beside her, put his arm round her waist, 
attempted to kiss her, and also to lift her dress. 
Finding the alarm bell broken, she screamed 
violently, burst open the carriage-door, and 
swung herself on to the footboard, where 
she was at length seen by some of the pas- 
sengers, and the train brought to a halt, sifter 
Miss Dickinson had travelled five miles in this 
perilous position. Being now fully committed 
for trial. Colonel Baker was subsequently 
brought before Mr. Justice Brett at Croydon 
Assizes, and sentenced to one year's imprison- 
ment. He was also removed from the army, 
** Her Majesty having no further occasion for 
his serrices." 

88. — Messrs. Moody and Sankey engage 
in " revival " services at Eton, 



— Died, 
F.R.S., late 
of CanadA. 



77, Sir W. E. Logan, LUD.. 
:or of the Geological Survey 




2 



JULY 



1875. 



JUL 



•A. — ^The Pmrnhra leA^ei Sotithinipton for 
tbe Arctic r^uns. 

%As — Mr Israeli moves tbe second reading 
of the AgricuUurol Holdings Bill, whichi &(ier 
1 luOg debate, is agreed to. 

— The Berlin Court of Appeal apitence 
Count Amim to imprisonmeot for nine 
montb8^ 

— Great floods al Toulouse, mucli pro- 
perty destroyed, and as many as j,ooo people 
I e ported to be drowned. Buda waii also 
»eriiiW&ly injured by floods at this time* 

fi0.— Mr, J. A. Froude eotertiiined at a 
public dinner at Capetown. 

811. — Meeting of tfae Emperon of Russia 
■nd Austria at Kger, Bohemia. 

ft9. — t^ed, age<i 8a, Ferdinand, eX'Erai»eror 
of Aoitria. 

jQljf 1.— Insurrectionary movement in 
Henegovina, leading by slow but well-defined 
steps to einbroilraent with the Ottoman 
Government at Consiajninople, and finally to 
the opening up of the entire Eastern Question 
for settlement by the Couru of Europe* The 
disturbance aro!^ from common- place inci- 
dents in the life of a people H erzcgovinese, 
and was made a rebellion by force of circum- 
stances. Although the harvest of 1874 had 
been a failure, the farmers of tfie taxes in 
the district of Nevesinjc tried to collect the 
tithes with more than usual rigour and arbi- 
trary power, but met with an uneitpected 
resistance. The people were then beiten, 
imiiri&oncdf and deprived of all they bad. 
VViieu the village chiefs complained to the 
auUiuritic^ they were insuUcil, thre.itened with 
ftrrtr*i» and forced to lake refuge in Montenegro. 
Mranivhile the tithe-farmers sent for the armed 
r>oUce auil proceeded with the work of pil- 
lage. This made the peasantry more stubborn 
I than ever, until at last they refused to work 
I for iheif Mahommedan laiuilords, ajod some of 
thcrn luok refuge with their cattle in the 
njouiiUins, while others sent their goods and 
tlieu proi>erty to Moiiteaegro. 

A. — After a dblinct existence of six hundred 

-■■' ♦' i-'CVmrt of Queen's Bench, under pro- 

litained in the New Judicature Act, 

L' la&t time as a separate Court. There 

F wkoulii, however, still remain a Queen's Bench 

J I>ivision of the Supreme Court, presided over 

I a» heretofore by Oie Lord Chief Justice of 

England. 

7. — The Iloosehold Counties Franchise URl 
[ loft in the Commons by a majority of 103. 

•,— t>i. ■ ;i, John Elliott Caimcs, 

i A . M , E 1 1 i ess ir of Political Economy 

I ill C oi ve 1 > I < ;f '-".Ml '. v^c, Lond :»n. 

— frcpoctni^ a vote in the Coiumon* to 
I meet the estimated expend iturc of the contem* 
I flited vUil of the Pnnce of Walei to India, 



Mr, Disraeli, while expressing disapprawU 
the very general system of exchanging jjiftl 
once prevalent, said his Royal Highness must 
be placed in a position to exercise those spon« 
taneous feelings characteristic of his nature 
for generosity and splendour, which hts owit< 
character and the character of the country 
likewise requires to be gratified. Mr. Disraeli 
divided the estimated expense of the Prince** 
visit into three portions : the first being that 
involved in the conveyance of the Prince and 
his suite to India, estimated by the Admiralty 
at 52,ocxd/., four- fifths of which would fall on 
the present financial year. Another portion^ 
to be borne by the Indian Governmcntt iti 
discharge of the duty which the Viceroy would 
fulfil of entertaining the Princet was estimated' 
at 30,00c/. There remained the sum neces* 
sary £or the Prince's personal expenses la 
India, including the presents which might be 
suitable to his position. For this purpose Mr. 
Di&raeli proposed a vote of only 60,000/. la 
the disaission which ensued a few days later, 
the Premier's proposals were accepted by aa 
almost unanimous vote. 

ll.->^Falt of the eptabhtture surmounting 
the cnlonoade on the north side of Drury Lane 
Theatre and extending nearly the en I ire letigtli 
of Little Russell Street, 

19. — Messrs. Moody and Sankey hold a 
final •* revival" conference in Mildmay Park 
Hall, I^ndon« intended only for clergymen 
M^ho had assisted them in their Ubours. About 
700 were present, of whom it was said 18S 
belonged to the Church of England. From a 
balan(:e sheet subsequently publis^hed by the 
treasurer of the mii^sioUf it ap[>eared that the 
expenses incurred in the metropolis amounted 
to 28,396/., while the contributions from the 
public did not exceed 28,238/. 

15.— iTie Sultan of Zanzibar leaves Eng- 
land, having vihited since his arrival, Birming- 
lLam« Liverpool, and Manchester, besides the 
metropolis. 

— The Friendly Societies Bill passci 
through Committee in the Lords, Government 
having been defeated in an amendment pro* 
posed by Lord Aberdare, by 41 to 37 votes. 

IC.^This day, being the fifty^first anniver* 
Kiry of Lord Byron*5 funeral, a meeting, 
presided over by Mr. Disraeli, was held itt 
WillU's Rooms in furtherance of a scheme f >r 
raising funds to erect a mitional monument to 
the poet. 

!•-— Died, aged 70, Lady Jane Franklin, 
the dcvoteil wife of Sir John, Arctic navigator* 

to. — Last sitting of the International Tele* 
graph Conference at St. Petcrsbutg. 

SO. — Captain Webb swims fn)m Dover to 
Ramsgatc (20 miles) in ei^Ut-xn.d-a.-%uk!L( Wv^x^ 



yuLY 



1875. 



JULY 



ao.— Died, aged 82, KightHon. Sir Francis 
Bond Head, Bart., K..C.H., formerly Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Upper Canada, and author 
of various pleasant volumes of travel and 
sketches of social life. 

— Died, aged 87, Peter Mere Latham, M,D., 
Physician Extraordinary to the Queen. 

SS.— Scene in the House of Commons with 
Mr. PlimsoU, Member for Derby. Intimation 
having been made by Mr. Disraeli that it was 
not the intention of Government to proceed 
further this year with their Merchant Shipping 
Bill, Mr. PlimsoU, whose mind appeared to 
be unhinged for the moment by recent ex- 
hausting work to which his benevolent enthu- 
S'asm impelled him, commenced to address the 
l^rime Minister, and entreated him not to send 
thousands of men to certain death by with- 
drawing the measure. Then walking up the 
floor to the table of the House, the hon. 
member gave notice that he would on Tuesday 
next put the questions to the President of the 
Board of Trade with reference to certain ships 
which had been lost last year, with a sacrifice 
of many lives ; and whether the owner was not 
Mr. Edward Bates, M.P. for Plymouth, or 
some other person of the same name. Loud 
cries of " Order" followed, and Mr. PlimsoU, 
raising his hand and pointing to the benches of 
the Opposition side of the llouse, exclaimed, 
" Yes, I will name some on this side of the 
House. I will unmask the villains who have 
sent brave men to death.*' The Speaker here 
interrupted again, and asked whether the word 
"villains" was intended to be applied to 
members of the House. Mr. PlimsoU said, 
•* Yes, I do mean so to apply it, and 1 don't 
mean to withdraw it," and walking up the 
floor of the House, he threw a paper on the 
table, remarking, **that is my protest against 
the withdrawal of the Bill." The member for 
Derby then remained standing in the middle of 
the chamber, waving his arms and pushing 
aside the friends who crowded round him and 
pressed him to withdraw his language. The 
Speaker more than once asked whether he still 
persisted in applying the term "villains" to 
any members of the House, and Mr. PlimsoU 
as often repeated his determination to abide by 
his words. Ultimately the Speaker said he 
must leave the hon. member's conduct to the 
jud^ent of the House, and Mr, Disraeli 
declared that, painful as it was, he had no 
option; after tnc unparalleled violence and 
offcnsiveness of Mr. Plimsoll's conduct, he 
must do his duty in upholding the dignity of 
the Chair and the House. He therefore 
moved "that the Speaker do reprimand Mr. 
PlimsoU for his disorderly behaviour." Mr. 
Sullivan said that Mr. PlimsoU was seriously ill 
from mental excitement acting upon an over- 
worked system, and he ask^ on his behalf 
that the House would take the most generous 
view of his case. He had no doubt that if a 
M'cek were given him, his hon. friend would be 
11/4 



in a position to express his regret for having 
transgressed the orders of tlie House. On the 
motion that the Merchant Shipping Bill be 
withdrawn, Mr. Bates took the opportunity of 
vindicating himself from the charges made 
against him by Mr. PlimsoU early in the 
evening. A week later Mr. PlimsoU appeared 
in the House and apologised in handsome 
terms to the Speaker and the House for the 
ebuUition to which he had allowed himself to 
give way. He declared that he did so in no 
grudging spirit, but frankly and sincerely. 

— Baroness Burdett-Coutts lays the founda- 
tion-stone of a new institution for the deaf and 
dumb, at Leeds. 

— A flock of carrier-pigeons started on a 
Continental race from the Alexandra Palace. 
The swiftest bird reached Brussels in five hours 
and ten minutes. 

23. — Died, aged 76, Sir Charles Locock, 
Bart., M.D., F.R.S., Physician Accoucheur 
to the Queen. 

&6. — Intimation made of the death of Mr. 
Rarey's horse " Cruiser," which seventeen 
years since enjoyed a unique reputation for 
intractability and even ferocity (see June 28, 
1858). 

— In view of the compulsory closing of the 
Brighton Aquarium on Sundays, permission is 
given in the Commons for the introduction of 
a BUI to amend an Act of George III. cap. 49, 
"for preventing certain abuses and profane 
shows on the Lord's Day, called Sunday." 

27. — Died, aged 78, Rt. Rev. Connop 
Thirlwall, Bishop of St. David's 1840-74, one 
of the most esteemed and accomplished occu- 
pants of the episcopal bench. 

S8. — Died, aged 70, Hans Christian Ander- 
sen, a Danish poet and novelist, widely known 
as a genial writer for young readers. Buried 
with great solenmily at Copenhagen, nth 
August. 

— As recognising to some extent the strong 
public sympathy manifestecl in favour of Mr. 
PlimsoU, Sir C. Adderley now moves to 
introduce a temporary measure giving further 
powers to the Board of Trade for slopping un- 
seaworthy ships leaving British ports. The 
BiU was read a third time, Aug. 6th, and 
passed the Lords a few days thereafter. 

31. — Unveiling of the monument to Sir John 
Franklin in Westminster Abbey. 

— Died, aged 67, Andrew Johnson, successor 
to Abraham Lincoln as President of the 
United States. 

— Judgment ^ven in the Court of Arches 
concerning the right of clergymen other than 
those of the Church of England to use the title 





Reverend" before their names. In May, 
74, Mr. Keel, a Wesleyan minislcr, proposeti 
pul up in the churchyard of Oust on Ferry, 
l^inGoliishire^ a tombstone to the memory of 
a daughter just deceased, the inscription on 
which was to describe her as "daughter of the 
Rev. H, Kcct. VVcslcyan Minister." The 
Ticar refused to allow him to erect a tombstone 
bearing such an inscription, on the ground that 
it included ihc words '* Reverend " and ** Wes* 
leyan minister." The Bishop of Lincoln, on 
being appealed to^ rephcd that it was the dutv 
f the incumbent to examine the epitaphs whicn 
might be proposed to inscribe on gravestones 
the churchyard of his parish, and tliat he 
powered by law to make objections to 
kg in them which, in bis judgment* was 
to exception. The Archbishop of Can- 
to whom application was next made, 
f i rew ming that the petitioner was a regularly 
appointed permanent mmister of the WcUcyan 
denomination, did not feel called upon lo give 
& legal opinion as to the action of the incum- 
bent, but certainly considered that the objec- 
^^-iions urged by him should not be made. His 
^HjDrace's letter was addressed to **The Rev, 
^^KHenry Keef." The case was brought before 
^^Kh? Chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln, Dr. 
^^nVatter Phillimore, who, in his jud^ent, 
^^ gave elaborate reasons against the title of 
'* Reverend " being given to any but regularly 
ordained clergymen of the Church of England, 
and refused the petitioner's application. An 
appeal was brought before the Dean of Arches, 
" Robert PhiUimorc, Dr. Stephens, Q.C., 
.nd Mr. Bay ford argued on behalf of the 
lantf that there was no statute, common- 
cu-stom, or ordinary usac^ which gave the 
of the Established Church any such 
Wrve right to the title of *' Reverend " as 
its me by any other denomination un- 
lawful, and contended that this was the first 
time that such a claim had been made. The 
title ** Reverend "was applicable to alt perf>ons 
worthy of reverence, and it was so u-vcii by 
Shakespeare, Miiton, Drj'dcn, Pope, and others. 
It liad even been applied to women— such as 
prioresses and abbesscs^and to judges. ]n 
the fifti-enlh century it w*as used as a prefix to 
tlie names of persons of consideration, male 
or fcmiilc. For instance, in the Paston letters 
Margaret Paslon addressed John Paston as 
•' Right Reverend and Worshipful Husband," 
ftnd those volumes were replete with similar 
rtprcsfsions. It was curions lo note that the 
title was I hen only used towards the laity and 
ticver towards the clergy. From 1583 to 1706 
ll was invariably applied to the judges and 
aage* of the law. Sir Robert Phillimore 
declined to overrule, as he said, ** not only the 
dirrct disicnt of incumbent, but also the 
lilierate judgment and anthority of the 
in a matter n' liw, applicable 

caiircs, but t)l (ly permission 

blc to this p.uj i ciL-vc; and the 

ijieal was accordmgiy again refused. The 



AUGUST 



case came before the Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council 21st Jan. 1876, when Lord 
Chancellor Caims pronounced final judgment, 
the other judges present being Lord Hatherlcy, 
Lord Penzance, Lord Justice James, Sir 
Fitzroy Kelly, Sir Barnes Peacock, and Mr, 
Justice Hanncn. I^rd Caims said the inscrip- 
tion in substance states that, although there ia 
I he prefix of ** Reverend *' to the name, Mr. 
Keet docs not thereby claim to be a person in 
holy orders, and that his claim is nothing more 
than that of being a minister of the Wesleyan 
body* ** Their Lordships, therefore, dealing 
with this, 1 repeat, as the only objection, arc 
compelled to say, and they say ii without any 
reservation, that in their judgment it does not 
operate as a reason for refusing the erection of 
the tombstone, and they arc therefore of 
opinion that a faculty should issue for the 
erection of a tombstone." 

— Slave Circular agitation, the Lords Com* 
missioners of the Admiralty making sundry 
additions to the ** General Slave Trade Instnic- 
ttons,*' intended for the guidance of ofBcers of 
the Navy The tendency of this circular 
appeared to be to neutralise, if not to reverse, 
the policy of this country — a policy zealously, 
and almost religiously professed — in respect to 
fugitives from slavery claiming the protection 
of British ships. Officers were instructed, 
indeed, that should a tiave, escaping from hts 
owner, reach a flrittsh ship or boat on the high 
seas, he was lo be retained on board, on live 
ground that on the high seas the British ve3<»el 
is a part of the dominions of the Queen. 
**But," added the I^rds of the Admiralty, 
•* when the vessel returns within the territorial 
limits of the country from a vessel of which the 
slave has escaped, he will be liable to be $Mr- 
rendered on deirumd being made supported by 
necessajy proofs." The circular, for which the 
Foreign Office was perhaps as responsible, or 
more so, than the Admiralty, was said to be 
sanctioned by the highest legal authorities. 
But it produced at once a cry of indignation 
from the British public. The Government 
wnsely resolved to bend before the storm it had 
provoked ; and at the beginning of October 
an announcement was made that the obnoxious 
circular was suspended ; an announcement 
which was followed a month later by that of 
its withdrawal. Just before the close of the 
year another circular was iasued. The in- 
structions, if not altogether what the country 
demanded, cither as a guarantee that slavery 
should not be countenanced, or as a security 
that the rights of maritime powers should be 
protected against encroachment, were more 
satisfactory than those which had been with- 
drawn. 

Auinuit 5,— O'Connell Centenary celebra- 
tions commenced in 1 )ublin with a religioui 
ceremonial in the Marlborough Street Catlie- 
draL A Urge number oC ^^^icoaxv C-akAwJwtt 

WIS 



AUGUST 



1875. 



AUGUST 



bishops, four archbishops, and 500 priests 
took part in the service. In the evening and 
next day, numerous processions and ban* 

auets took place in honour of ** The Liberator," 
le festive gatherings being, however, marred 
to some extent by the conflicting views advo- 
cated among Ultramontanes and Nationalists. 
At Glasgow the celebration was marked 
by considerable disturbance. 

6. — In the Commons to-day, on the order 
for the second reading of the Appropriation 
Lill, the Marquis of iTartington took occasion 
to review the work of the session, intimating 
that little had been done beyond carrying out 
the legacy of measures bequeathed by the pre- 
ceeding Government. Mr. Disraeli replied, 
and entered into a defence and general expla- 
nation of the policy and work of his adminis- 
tration during the session, detailing each 
measure. 

— Lord Oranmore having called the atten- 
tion of the Lord President of the Council 
to a report that Her Majesty had- recently 
shown precedence to Cardinal Manning at a 
garden party given by the Prince of Wales 
at Chiswick, the Duke of Richmond and 
Gordon disputed the accuracy of the rumour. 

O. — The Commons agree to the Lords' 
amendments on the Judicature Bill. 

— Absconding of Alexander Collie, on 
bail, charged with fraud. On the 2 1st of 
last month, the above Alexander, of No. 12, 
Kensington Palace Gardens, and his brother, 
William Collie, of No. 8, Aytoun Street, 
Manchester, carrying on business as merchants 
in London and Manchester, were brought up 
on a warrant before Sir Thomas White at 
Guildhall, charged with obtaining large sums 
of money from the London and Westminster 
Bank by means of false pretences. In the 
information the amount was said to be 
200,000/. and upwards. It was alleged on 
the part of the prosecution that they co